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The  Annals 







George  Tancred  of  Weens 



T.    S.    SMAIL,    i6    HIGH    STREET 

Edinburgh  and  GxjkSGow 
JOHN     MENZIES     &     CO. 





Sblkirk  : 
Printed  by  Geo.  Lewis  &  Co. 



This  book  has  been  compiled  at  the  request  and  under  the 
patronage  of  the  members  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  At  one 
time  or  another  the  records  of  not  a  few  similar  institutions 
have  been  published,  and  sometimes,  as  in  the  case  of  the 
well-known  Aberdeen  Club,  when  the  society  showed  pre- 
monitory signs  of  dissolution. 

The  Jedforest  Club  happily  continues  to  prosper.  The 
Borderers  have  been  long  noted  for  a  clannish  tenacity 
which  they  carry  with  them  into  every  relation  of  life. 
Love  of  family  and  local  tradition  is  everywhere  to  be 
found  among  them.  And,  like  their  brethren  of  the  high- 
lands, they  are  apt  to  claim  descent  from  their  chief,  and 
to  quote  the  adage,  **  We  cannot  be  all  top  branches  of  the 
tree,  but  we  all  spring  from  the  same  root.** 

In  writing  the  Annals,  it  has  been  my  earnest  endeavour 
to  avoid  all  subjects  which  might  reasonably  be  calculated 
to  give  offence,  or  jar  on  the  feelings  of  any  of  my  readers. 
If,  in  spite  of  my  care,  I  have  been  so  unfortunate  as  to 
rouse  the  susceptibilities  of  any  one,  I  must  plead  the  diffi- 
culty of  the  circumstances,  and  entreat  for  as  lenient  a 
judgment  as  is  possible. 

It  remains  for  me  to  thank  all  who  have  by  their  ready 
help  done  so  much  to  lighten  my  task  and  make  pleasant 
its  execution.  To  the  members  of  the  Club  I  am  indebted 
for  much  information  in  connexion  with  the  pedigree  of 
their  respective  families.  I  am  under  especial  obligations  to 
Miss  Agnes  Forrest,  and  to  her  brother,  Aaron  Forrest, 
of  the  firm  of  George  Forrest  &  Sons,  Jedburgh.  And 
I  have  had  help,  amongst  others,  from  W.  J.  Stavert,  M.A., 
Rector  of  Burnsall  in  Craven;  A.  O.  Curie,  W.S.,  Edin- 
burgh ;   Alexander  Porter,  Chief  Constable  of  the  County ; 


W.  C.  Stedman,  solicitor,  Jedburgh  (who  made  extracts 
for  me  from  the  minutes  of  the  Jedburgh  Town  Council) ; 
Miss  Grieve,  Skelfhill ;  Miss  Frances  M.  Tancred ;  George 
Hilson,  solicitor,  Jedburgh;  R.  Hay  Smith,  Sheriff- Clerk  ; 
John  M.  Stevenson,  Commonside ;  James  Smail,  late  secre- 
tary of  the  Commercial  Bank,  Edinburgh;  Thomas  Smail, 
Inspector  of  the  Poor ;  W.  Easton ;  John  Smith,  proprietor 
of  the  *'  Kelso  Mail ; "  and  Walter  Laidlaw,  custodian  of 
Jedburgh  Abbey. 

Weens,  June  1898.  G.  T. 



DEADERS  of  this  book  will  not  expect  to  find  in  it  a 
^  ^  description  of  the  town  of  Jedburgh  and  its  surround- 
ings, with  the  topography  of  which  it  is  presumed  that  they 
are  familiar.  But  it  may  not  be  known  to  all  of  them  that 
there  are  eighty-two  ways  in  which  the  name  has  been 
spelt, ^  and  it  may  have  escaped  the  notice  of  some  of  them 
that  although  Jedburgh  has  never,  like  the  American  Boston, 
asserted  a  claim  to  be  the  "  hub  of  the  universe,"  it  yet  is 
situated  exactly  at  the  geographical  centre  of  the  British 

Jedburgh,  as  the  principal  town  in  the  south  of  Scotland, 
had  a  share  in  all  the  vicissitudes  of  the  Border  district. 
It  witnessed  the  strife  of  centuries  between  the  indigenous 
inhabitants  and  the  Romans,  between  the  Picts  and  the  Scots 
who  came  over  from  Ireland  in  the  fourth  century,  between 
the  Picts  and  Scots  combined  and  the  hordes  of  invad- 
ing Saxons.  In  very  early  days  the  military  strength 
of  the  burgh  consisted  of  410  men  inured  to  battle,  the 
trades  alone  mustering  100  well-armed  men,  under  the 
command  of  their  own  officers,  "to  go  out  with  the 
magistrates  for  the  good  of  the  burgh;"  and  their  slogan, 
"Jethart's  here,"  has  so  impressed  itself  on  the 
popular  memory  that  it  is  said  to  have  been  raised  by 
their  descendants  on  the  banks  of  the  Alma.  In  the  ninth 
century  Jedburgh  formed  part  of  the  possessions  of  Egred, 
Bishop  of  Lindisfarne,  who  bestowed  it  upon  the  see  of 
which  he  was  prelate,  and  to  him  is  probably  due  the  foun- 
dation of  the  abbey,  afterwards  more  amply  established  in 
1147  by  David  I.  In  1174  ^^^  castle  was  handed  over  to 
the  English  as  security  for  the  observance  of  a  treaty  made 

i*'Origines  Parochiales,"  vol.  i.,  p.  366. 



at  Falaise.     In  1221  the  town  and  its  pertinents  were  settled 

on  Johanna,  the  sister  of  Henry  III.  of  England,  on  her 

marriage  with   Alexander  II.     On   various  pretexts  it  was 

occupied  on  many  occasions,  and  held  for  a  considierable  time 

by  Edward  I.  of  England  and  his  officers.     In  1309  his  son 

Edward  II.  ordered  the  castle  to  be  fortified.     At  the  battle 

of  Bannockburn  the  trades  of  Jedburgh  were  present,  and 

captured  a  flag  from  the  English,  from  whom  also  the  castle 

was  recovered  in  1318.     In  13 16,  Douglas  having  defeated 

the  Earl  of  Arundel  and  slain   Thomas  de  Richmond  and 

Edmund  de  Cleveland,  Thomas,  Earl  of  Richmond,  in  an 

effort  to  execute  vengeance,  led  10,000  men  to  Jedforest,  and 

fell  by  Douglas*  own  hand.     During  the  fourteenth  century 

the  district  was  the  battle-ground  of  the  Douglases  and 

Percys  in  their  contest  for  the  possession  of  Teviotdale.     In 

1334  the  town  and  forest  were  ceded  by  Edward  Baliol  to 

the  English  king,  from  whom  they  were  recovered  by  the 

gallantry  of  William  Douglas  in  1342.     Lost  again  on  the 

captivity  of    David    II.,  they  were  in    1356  conferred  on 

Henry  de  Percy   by   Edward   III.      In   1393   Robert   III. 

granted  the  Sheriffdom  of  Roxburgh,  with  the  town,  castle, 

and  forest  of  Jedburgh,    to    George,   Earl  of  Angus.     In 

1403  the  whole  of  Teviotdale  was  bestowed  on  Henry  Percy, 

Earl    of    Northumberland.      Two  years  later   Henry   IV, 

claimed  the  town,   castle,   and  territory   as    his    personal 

property.      And    in    1409    the    Commons    of    Teviotdale, 

harassed  by  the  garrison,  took   the  castle  and  razed  it  to 

the  ground.      In  1410,   and  again  in   1416,  the  town  was 

burnt  by  Sir  Robert  Umfraville,  and  it  met  with  a  similar 

fate  at  the  hands  of  the  Earl  of  Warwick  in  1464. 

The  value  of  life  in  those  days  may  be  estimated  from  the 
following  note  in  Jeffrey's  history  upon  the  **  cro  "  or  blood 
money  which  was  paid  over  and  above  the  satisfaction 
given  to  those  injured  or  their  friends : — ''  Each  offence  had 
its  crOf  and  the  king  himself  had  his.  The  Regiam  Magistatem 
has  a  chapter  headed  '  The  cro  of  ilk  man  how  meikle  it 
as.*     The  cro  of  the  King  of  Scots,  says  a  MS.  of  the  age 


of  Edward  L,  is  a  thousand  cows  or  three  thousand  oras — 
that  is  to  say,  three  oras  for  each  cow.  An  ora  was  a 
piece  of  gold  or  an  image  of  gold.  According  to  the 
Regiam  Magistatem,  the  cro  of  an  earl  was  seven  times 
twenty  kie,  or  for  ilk  cow  three  pieces  of  gold  called  ora. 
The  cro  of  an  earles  son  or  ane  thane  is  ane  hundred  kie. 
The  cro  of  the  son  of  a  thane  is  three  score  and  six  kie. 
Item,  all  quha  are  inferior  in  parentage;  (ane  husbandman 
or  yeoman) ;  and  the  cro  of  ane  husbandman  is  saxteen  kye. 
The  cro  of  ane  married  woman  is  less  by  the  third  part 
than  the  cro  of  her  husband.  Item,  if  she  has  no  husband 
then  her  cro  is  as  great  as  the  cro  of  her  brother  gif  she  ane 
has.  The  cro  of  ilk  man  are  like  in  respect  of  their  wifes. 
The  blude  shed  out  of  the  head  of  an  earle  is  nine  kie. 
The  blude  out  of  the  son  of  an  earl  or  of  antf  thane  is  six 
kie.  Item,  the  son  of  a  thane  three  kie.  The  nephoy  of  ane 
thane  two  kie  and  ane  half  of  a  cow.  The  blude  of  ane 
husbandman  drawn  under  his  breath  is  less  be  the  third 
pairt  than  all  the  pains  foresaid.  In  all  persons  foresaid 
blude  drawn  under  the  end  or  mouth  is  three  pairt  less 
than  drawn  above  the  end.  For  the  life  of  ane  man  nine 
times  twenty  kie.  For  ane  fute  ane  marke.  For  ane  tuthe 
12  pennies.  For  ane  strake  under  the  ear  i6  pennies.  For 
ane  strake  with  the  foot  40  pennies.**' 

The  disorders  occasioned  by  feuds  between  the  chief 
families  on  the  Borders  caused  Andrew  Lord  Gray  to  hold  a 
court  in  Jedburgh  in  1510;  and,  the  law  proving  insufficient 
to  establish  peace,  James  IV.  led  a  force  into  the  district, 
and  compelled  some  of  the  principal  offenders  to  give 
hostages  for  their  good  behaviour.  After  the  death  of  James 
IV.  and  the  flower  of  the  Scotch  nobility  at  Flodden,  the 
excesses  became  greater  than  ever.  To  combat  with 
them  the  Duke  of  Albany  came  to  Jedburgh  with  a  great 
army  in   1514,   and  among    the  results  of  his  visit   Lord 

"Jeflfrey's  "History  of  Roxburghshire/'  vol.  i.,  p.  159,  note.  Cf.  Mr 
Lang's  note,  "  Letters  of  Slains  "  in  "  Waverley  Novels  "  (Border  Edition), 
vol.  ii.,  p.  382. 


Home  and  his  brother  William  were  executed,  and  John 
Home  the  abbot  was  banished  beyond  the  Tay.  In 
1523  the  Earl  of  Surrey,  at  the  head  of  16,000  men,  com- 
pletely burnt  the  town  and  seriously  damaged  the  abbey,  the 
ruin  of  which  was  consummated  by  the  Earl  of  Hertford* 
in  1544.  In  1526,  and  again  in  1527,  James  V.  came  to 
Jedburgh,  on  the  latter  occasion  with  6000  men,  to  put  down 
disturbances  caused  by  the  feuds  of  the  Scotts,  Elliots,  and 
Armstrongs.  Teviotdale  was  ravaged  by  the  Duke  of 
Norfolk  in  1542,  by  Lord  Hertford  in  1544,  and  Jedburgh 
was  occupied  by  some  of  his  forces  after  the  battle  of 
Pinkie  in  1547.  During  the  reign  of  Mary  the  disturb- 
ances on  the  Borders  were  ever  in  prominence.  And  if, 
after  the  accession  of  James  VI.,  Jedburgh  was  involved  in 
struggles  of  a  less  desperate  character,  the  records  contain 
a  plenty  of  matters  which  make  the  reader  feel  that  the 
neighbourhood  must  have  been  an  uneasy  one  in  which  to 
live,  and  that  something  can  be  pleaded  against  the  term 
"  Jeddart  Justice*'  being  always  one  of  reproach. 

That  whoever  for  the  time  being  was  charged  with  the 
administration  of  the  law  had  often  little  leisure  for  weigh- 
ing pros  and  cons  is  fairly  proved  by  the  traditions  and  tales 
of  the  district.  It  is  reported  of  Lord  William  Soulis  that 
his  crimes  procured  for  him  the  distinction  of  being  boiled 
to  death  at  Nine  Stane  Rig,  and  the  pot  used  on  the  occasion 
is  said  to  have  been  preserved  in  Teviotdale  until  a  recent 
date.*  In  1342  Sir  William  Douglas  dragged  Sir  Alexander 
Ramsay  from  the  seat  of  justice  at  Hawick,  and  confined 
him  in  Hermitage  Castle,  where  he  was  starved  to  death  in 
a  dungeon,  with  a  refinement  of  cruelty  worthy  of  a  Red 
Indian,  but  which  did  not  deprive  the  author  of  his  title, 
the  "  Flower  of  Chivalry."  A  cross  till  the  end  of  last 
century    marked    the    spot    where    Langlands  of  that   Ilk 

'  Afterwards  Dake  of  Somerset  and  Lord  Protector. 

«  It  is  now  at  Dalkeith  Palace.    Cf.  article  in  the  *'  Pall  Mall  Maga- 
zine," September.  1898,  by  Lord  Henry  Scott. 


murdered  the  abbot  of  Melrose,  who  had  visited  him  to 
demand  the  tithes  which  he  had  delayed  to  pay.  The 
subsequent  dealings  of  the  murderer  and  his  pardon  by  the 
king  remind  one  of  the  Ingoldsby  Legends;  he  sued  his 
pardon  for  having  knocked  off  a  monk*s  bonnet,  and  bribed 
the  secretary  to  add  after  bonnet  the  words  ''and  head"  in 
the  certificate  for  assoilment. 

In  1 66 1  and  in  the  following  year  commissions  were 
appointed  for  trying  witches,  and  the  necessity  of  being 
present  at  the  execution  of  those  found  guilty  was  pleaded 
by  the  provost  as  an  excuse  for  disregarding  a  summons  of 
the  burghs. 

In  1714  twelve  persons  were  tried  and  found  guilty  of  being 
notorious  Egyptians,  thieves,  and  vagabonds,  eleven  of  them 
being  banished  to  the  plantations  of  America;  and  the 
twelfth,  a  woman,  being  scourged  through  the  town,  and 
nailed  for  a  quarter  of  an  hour  by  the  left  ear  to  a  post  at 
the  cross.* 

Perhaps  the  last  notable  exhibition  of  disorder  was  that 
of  the  2ist  of  March,  1831.  Scotsmen  may  blush  to  remem- 
ber that  the  man  who,  more  than  all  others,  has  made  his 
country  illustrious,  was  at  the  close  of  his  noble  life  abused 
and  insulted  at  a  meeting  in  Jedburgh  by  the  ignorant  and 
insensate  clamour  of  a  radical  mob. 

The  notice  of  the  church  in  the  local  histories  is  of  the 
most  meagre  description.  The  abbey  was  probably  founded 
by  Bishop  Egred  between  830  and  838.  At  the  end  of  the 
tenth  century  there  existed  a  monastic  institution  of  which 
one  Kennoch  was  abbot.  In  1147  David  I.  restored  or 
refounded  the  house,  which  he  dedicated  to  our  Lady,  and 
appropriated  to  the  use  of  the  canons  regular  of  St  Austin. 
It  is  believed  that  in  Augustinian  foundations  the  nave  of 
the  church  was  not  infrequently  used  for  the  benefit  of  the 
parish,  and  it  was  the  fact  of  such  a  use  which  induced  the 
destroyer  to  leave  the  nave  of  the  priory  at  Bolton  un- 

•  Jeffrey,  vol.  i.,  pp.  212,  266;  vol.  ii.,  pp.  157  et  seq.,  226. 


molested.  In  the  year  1513  there  was  established  at  Jed- 
burgh a  house  of  Carmelite  friars,  and  the  Knights 
Hospitallers  of  St  John  had  establishments  in  the  district. 
Dr  Maitland  has  discredited  the  notion  that  the  mediaeval 
monk  was  necessarily  ignorant  and  indifferent  to  the  propa- 
gation of  learning,  whether  secular  or  religious;  and  quite 
recently  Dom  Gasquet  has  been  able  to  show  that  the 
reproach  so  often  levelled  at  the  pre-reformation  ecclesiastic 
of  keeping  the  Bible  a  sealed  book  and  resisting  all  attempts 
to  translate  it  into  the  vernacular  was  in  a  great  measure 
undeserved.  That  such  establishments  as  those  at  Jedburgh, 
Kelso,  and  Melrose  must  have  had  a  great  influence  is 
unquestionable;  that  they  had  not  a  greater  was  probably 
due,  in  part,  at  least,  to  the  fact  that  human  passions  are 
much  as  they  were  when  at  the  close  of  our  Lord's  unpar- 
alleled life  the  number  of  His  followers  was  only  one  hun- 
dred and  twenty.  As  we  look  upon  the  ruins  of  the  great 
church  there  will  sometimes  be  present  to  our  minds  the 
thought  of  the  misery  which  must  have  been  caused  to 
many  a  pious  soul  by  its  destruction.  And  there  are  no 
doubt  some  of  us  who  would  not  be  ashamed  of  possessing  a 
Yorkshire  ancestor  if  only  he  had  borne  a  part  in  the  Pil- 
grimage of  Grace. 

In  the  ages  of  faith,  or,  as  the  local  historian  describes 
them,  the  "times  of  superstition,"  when  the  glorious  abbey 
was  the  scene  of  manifold  idolatries,  from  which  it  has  been 
happily  purged  by  its  subsequent  and  more  enlightened  use, 
whether  as  a  stone  quarry  for  the  burgher  or  a  museum 
for  the  stranger,  Jedburgh  and  its  forest  supplied  the  back- 
ground to  not  a  few  of  the  social  events  which  attract  the 
attention  of  the  reader  of  the  history  of  Scotland. 

It  may  be  doubted  if  the  love  of  Scotsmen  has  ever  been 
given  so  entirely  to  any  one  as  it  was  to  Saint  Margaret, 
whose  name  even  to  the  present  time  is  far  beyond  all  others 
the  most  popular  in  the  country  of  her  adoption.  In  the 
year  1093  her  husband,  Malcolm  Canmore,  fell  in  a  skirmish 
at  Alnwick,  and  their  eldest  son  Edward,  mortally  wounded 


in  the  fray,  was  carried  to  Jedforest  on  17  kal.  of  December, 
to  die  at  Edward's  Dyke.  David  I.  resided  in  Jedburgh 
both  before  and  after  he  ascended  the  throne  in  11 24,  and 
there  a  charter  was  issued  by  Prince  Henry,  his  son.  There 
Malcohn  IV.  <<  delighted  to  dwell,"  and  there  he  died  in 
1 165  at  the  age  of  twenty-four.  His  successor,  William  the 
Lion,  also  made  the  town  his  residence,  and  there  granted 
many  charters  between  1165  and  1214.  Alexander  H.  lived 
there  with  his  queen,  Mary,  the  daughter  of  Ingelram  de 
Couci.  Their  son,  Alexander  HI.,  married  in  the  abbey, 
on  the  14th  of  October,  1285,  ^is  second  wife,  Yolande, 
daughter  of  the  Count  de  Dreux.  The  marriage  was 
celebrated,  when  John  Morel  was  abbot,  with  unwonted 
splendour,  and  the  dramatic  character  of  the  festivities  was 
heightened  by  the  appearance  of  a  spectre  and  by  much 
consequent  consternation.  A  charter  of  Robert  Bruce  was 
granted  at  Jedburgh  in  1329.  In  1526,  and  again  three 
years  later,  it  was  visited  by  James  V.°  In  1566  Queen 
Mary  held  a  court  there,  and  during  her  stay,  which  lasted 
from  the  8th  of  October  to  the  9th  of  November,  she  visited 
Bothwell,  who  lay  wounded  at  Hermitage  Castle,  and 
remained  with  him  for  two  hours.  To  do  this  she  rode  a 
distance  of  fifty  miles,  exposed  to  very  considerable  danger, 
and  was  nearly  lost  in  the  mora3s  which  is  still  known  as  the 
Queen's  Mire.'' 

Since  the  removal  of  the  Court  to  England,  with  the 
exception  of  a  short  visit  of  Prince  Charles  Edward  in 
1745,  Jedburgh  has  had  but  scanty  opportunity  of  basking 
in  royal  sunshine.  But  at  the  beginning  of  the  present 
century  its  society  included  several  French  officers,  prisoners 
of  war,  a  local  regiment  of  militia,  and  not  a  few  country 
gentlemen,  who  had  houses  in  the  town,  to  which  they  were 
accustomed  to  resort  in  the  winter  months.  At  the  present 
time  a  few  quaint  houses  alone  remain  to  remind  us  of  the 

<»  Jeffrey,  vol.  ii.,  p.  155. 

7 Carre's  "Border  Memories,"  p.  169. 


halcyon  days  of  the  past,  and  their  walls  still  testify  by 
their  strength  to  the  protection  sought  for  and  afforded. 
The  memory  of  the  French  officers  lives  only  in  a  book 
recently  written  by  a  compatriot,  and  the  militia  disbanded 
after  the  peace  with  France  is  represented  by  a  local  com- 
pany of  volunteers.     But, 

Quo  semel  est  imbuta  recens,  servabit  odorem 
Testa  diu,« 

the  shattered  fragments  of  the  present  retain  the  perfume  of 

the  past. 

In  1810  the  day  of  tavern  clubs  was  on  the  decline,  but 
one  in  the  neighbouring  forest  of  Ettrick  had  proved  a 
successful  institution,  and  it  was  probably  owing  to  this 
fact  that  the  Jedforest  Club  was  in  that  year  founded  by 
William,  Earl  of  Ancram,  afterwards  the  sixth  Marquess 
of  Lothian. 

Dr  Johnson,  who  was  no  mean  authority  on  the  subject, 
defines  a  club  in  his  dictionary  as  an  assembly  of  good 
fellows  meeting  under  certain  conditions,  and  this  describes 
very  accurately  the  Jedforest  society.  Sir  John  Hawkins 
tells  us  that  the  great  tory  high  churchman  was  wont  to 
prepare  himself  for  his  grand  conversational  displays  by 
eating  a  substantial  meal,  and  by  nothing  stronger  than 
lemonade,  which  in  later  life  gave  place  to  copious  in- 
pourings  of  tea.  But  some  of  his  friends,  and  notably 
his  Scotch  biographer,  arranged  their  drinking  on  some- 
what different  principles. 

At  one  time  or  another,  representatives  of  all  the  great 
Border  families  have  been  members  of  the  Jedforest  Club, 
and  those  of  Lothian  and  Buccleuch  have  been  its  staunch 
supporters  from  the  beginning.  Its  history  is  but  a  reflec- 
tion from  the  long  roll  of  distinguished  men  whose  names 
appear  upon  its  list.  As  in  the  case  of  other  clubs  of  that 
date,  the  members  used  to  wear  a  uniform  at  dinner,  and 
the  minutes  record  that  it  was  the  intention  of  the  founder 
that    the    coat    should    be   made   of   Cheviot    wool.       But 

"  Hor.,  Ep.,  I.,  ii.,  line  69. 


although  most  of  the  original  rules  are  still  in  force,  the 
wearing  of  the  special  dress  has  fallen  into  disuse. 

In  1834,  ^  ^^^^  when  politics  were  esteemed  to  be  matters 
of  high  concern,  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  being  unable  to 
take  the  chair  at  a  dinner,  named  another  gentleman  as  his 
deputy.  When  the  loyal  toasts  had  been  drunk,  the  chair- 
man was  reminded  by  the  croupier,  who  was  a  whig,  that 
it  was  customary  to  drink  the  health  of  the  member  of 
Parliament  for  the  county.  This  gentleman  was  also  a 
whig ;  and  at  the  suggestion  the  chairman,  in  a  rage,  turned 

his  glass  upside  down  and  said  that  he  would  be  d d 

before  he  would  propose  the  toast.  One  or  two  other 
members  upset  their  glasses,  and  in  the  end  the  whigs 
left  the  room  in  a  body,  and  resigned  their  connexion  with 
the  club  next  day.  If  Dr  Johnson's  views  about  club 
manners  in  general  and  things  Scotch  in  particular  might 
have  led  him  to  say  something  pungent  had  he  been  told  of 
such  doings  by  our  countrymen,  it  is  suspected  that  with 
more  respectable  feelings  he  would  have  experienced  a  sense 
of  enjoyment  at  the  rout  of  the  whigs. 

At  the  risk  of  being  tedious,  it  is  wished  to  say  a  word  or 
two  about  the  chief  families  of  the  district  to  which  these 
records  belong. 

There  are  several  traditions  as  to  the  origin  of  the  illus- 
trious family  of  Douglas.  One  of  them  asserts  that  its 
founder  in  the  eighth  century  came  to  the  assistance  of 
the  Scotch  king  in  a  fight  with  the  usurper  Donalbane, 
and  that  the  name  is  derived  from  the  description  of  this 
hero:  Sholto  Douglas — see  the  dark  man.  Another  story 
attributes  to  it  a  Flemish  derivation,  and  yet  another  a 
Spanish  one.  The  authentic  records  seem  to  begin  with 
Sir  William  Douglas,  the  father  of  "  the  good  "  Sir  James, 
who  in  1 291  swore  fealty  to  Edward  I.,  and  the  first  royal 
grant  made  to  the  family  was  bestowed  on  Sir  James 
Douglas  of  Jedforest  by  King  Robert  Bruce.  The  pedigree 
of  the  Douglases  is  set  out  at  great  length  in  Burke's 
''  Peerage,*'    in    connexion   with    the    Duke    of    Hamilton. 


From  this  notice  it  appears  that  Sir  Archibald  Douglas,  who 
signed  charters  in  1190  and  1232,  had  probably  two  sons — 
Sir  William,  his  successor,  and  Sir  Andrew,  who  was  the 
ancestor  of  the  Earls  of  Morton.  Sir  William  was  suc- 
ceeded in  turn  by  his  sons,  Hugh  and  Sir  William.  The 
latter  had  three  sons — **the  good"  Sir  James,  Hugh,  and 
Archibald.  Sir  James  was  unmarried,  but  he  had  an  illegiti- 
mate son,  who  eventually  succeeded  under  a  special  remain- 
der as  third  Earl  of  Douglas.  Hugh,  Sir  James'  brother, 
conveyed  the  lands  to  William,  the  first  Earl,  the  son  of  his 
brother  Archibald,  whose  daughter  married  James  Sandi- 
lands,  and  became  the  ancestress  of  the  Lords  Torphichen. 
The  first  Earl  married  Margaret,  the  daughter  of  the  Earl 
of  Mar,  by  whom  he  had  a  son,  James,  who  succeeded  him 
as  second  Earl  of  Douglas;  and  by  Margaret,  Countess  of 
Angus,  he  left  a  natural  son,  George,  who  became  the  first 
Earl  of  Angus.  James,  the  second  Earl  of  Douglas,  fell  at 
Otterburn,  leaving  no  lawful  issue,  but  two  illegitimate  sons 
— Archibald,  from  whom  are  descended  the  Douglases  of 
Cavers,  who  after  twenty  generations  have  only  recently  lost 
the  male  succession;  and  William,  the  ancestor  of  the 
Queensberry  branch  of  the  family.  It  is  through  the  second 
marriage  of  William,  eleventh  Earl  of  Angus,  and  first 
Marquess  of  Douglas  that  the  Duke  of  Hamilton  is  des- 
cended from  the  Douglases.  It  will  be  noticed  that  the 
only  Douglas  descent  which  is  free  from  a  bar  sinister  is 
that  of  the  Earl  of  Morton.  In  the  thirteenth  century  Sir 
William  Douglas  "the  hardy"  is  said  to  have  owned 
property  in  the  counties  of  Northumberland,  Berwick,  Mid- 
lothian, Fife,  Lanark,  Ayr,  Dumfries,  and  Wigtown ;  and 
to  his  son,  Sir  James,  Robert  Bruce  granted  lands  in  Esk- 
dale,  Galloway,  Jedforest,  and  Ettrick. 

The  tradition  which  gives  the  longest  pedigree  to  the 
family  of  Scott  assigns  as  its  founder  one  Uchtred,  described 
as  **  Filius  Scoti,"  who  was  a  witness  to  the  foundation 
charters  of  the  abbeys  of  Holyrood  House  and  Selkirk  in 
1 128  and  1130.     He  was  the  father  of  Richard  Scot,  who 

I  NT  ROD  UCTOR  Y  CHA  PTER .  xi 

lived  during  the  reigns  of  Malcolm  IV.  and  William  the  Lion, 
and  had  two  sons — Richard,  the  ancestor  of  the  Scotts  of 
Buccleuch,  and  Sir  Michael,  whose  great-grandson  was  the 
celebrated  wizard,  and  whose  family  is  now  represented  by 
the  Scotts  of  Ancrum.  There  is  no  question  that  Scott  of 
Buccleuch  was  the  undoubted  and  acknowledged  chief  of 
all  the  families  bearing  the  name  of  Scott,  which  we  are  told 
by  Satchell  at  one  time  numbered  amongst  them  one 
hundred  lairds.  And  since  the  male  line  of  that  noble  house 
became  extinct  on  the  death  of  the  second  Earl,  there  is 
little  doubt  that  the  chieftainship  has  belonged  to  Scott  of 
Harden,  who  through  the  Scotts  of  Sinton  is  probably 
connected  with  the  Buccleuch  stem.  By  good  fortune, 
when  this  family  succeeded  to  the  Hume  barony  of 
Polwarth,  it  was  allowed  to  retain  the  name  of  Scott,  and 
not  the  least  of  its  distinctions  is  the  possession  among  its 
cadets  of  the  man  who  especially  has  made  that  name 
renowned.     Satchell  tells  us  that 

The  lands  of  Buccleuch  they  did  possess, 
Three  hundred  years  ere  they  had  writ  or  wax. 

To  attempt  an  enumeration  of  all  the  lands  which  have  at 
some  time  or  other  been  held  by  lairds  of  the  name  of 
Scott  would  probably  be  an  impossible  and  would  certainly 
be  an  unprofitable  task.  The  following  are  taken  almost  at 
random  from  Satchell  —  Buccleuch,  Branksome,  Sinton, 
Headshaw,  Langup,  Askirk,  Howcoat  (Hoscote  ?),  Bonraw, 
Whitslade,  Huntley,  Satchells,  Whitehaugh,  Harden,  Rae- 
burn,  Wool,  Burnfoot,  Todrig,  Thurlston,  Newburgh, 
Rennalburn,  Gilmanscleuch,  Midgap,  Tushilaw,  Hassen- 
dean,  Highchester,  Dryhope,  Mount  Benger,  Cachlackknow, 
Gorinbury,  Harwood,  Outersiderig,  Erckleton.  At  the 
present  time  there  are  many  good  old  families  of  Scotts 
among  the  farmers  of  Roxburghshire,  and  many  more  who 
do  credit  to  the  name  in  every  part  of  the  British  Empire. 

The  word  Caer  means  a  fort,  and  is  said  to  have  been 
used  in  speaking  of  a  left-handed  person,  and  such  the 
Border   Kers   are  asserted   to  have  been.      Their  pedigree 


begins  with  John  Ker  of  the  forest  of  Selkirk,  who  in  1357 
had  a  charter  granting  him  part  of  Auldtounburn.  In  the 
time  of  his  great-great-grandson  Andrew,  on  the  fall  of  the 
Douglases,  the  family  became  vassals  of  the  Crown.  In 
145 1  the  said  Andrew  had  a  charter  of  the  king's  lands  of  the 
barony  of  Old  Roxburgh,  and  in  1457  is  described  as  "of 
Cessford."  By  his  marriage  with  a  daughter  of  Douglas  of 
Cavers  he  had  three  sons — Andrew,  whose  daughter  married 
John  Home  of  Ersilton,  from  whom  is  descended  the  Earl  of 
Home ;  Walter,  who  continued  the  line  of  the  Kers  of  Cess- 
ford,  the  ancestor  of  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe ;  and  Thomas, 
the  first  of  the  Kerrs  of  Ferniehirst,  the  ancestor  of  the 
Marquess  of  Lothian. 

The  Elwalds  were  first  known  in  Liddesdale  about  the 
middle  of  the  fifteenth  century,  and  it  is  probable  that  they 
were  introduced  by  the  Douglases,  of  whom  they  were  ever 
the  firm  supporters.  The  Earl  of  Angus — **  Bell  -  the- Cat  " 
— in  an  old  Larriston  deed,  dated  1479,  describes  the  laird 
of  Larriston  as  "our  velbelufyt  fameliar  squiar  Robert 
Elwald  of  ye  Redheuch,"  and  mentions  "gud  and  faithfull 
servis  to  us  don  and  for  to  be  don."  The  family  increased 
till  it  became  one  of  the  largest  on  the  Border,  and  at  the 
present  time  the  name  of  Elliot  is  a  very  common  one  in 
Roxburghshire.  There  were  Elliots  who  owned  land  at 
Stobs,  Penchrise,  Larriston,  Thorlieshope,  Meikledale,  Dinla- 
byre,  Bewlie,  Borthwickbrae,  Arkleton,  Lodgegill,  Falnash, 
Ormstone,  Binks,  Cooms,  Fenwick,  Peel,  Burnmouth,  Har- 
wood,  Wolfelee,  Unthank,  Midlem  Mill,  Brough,  &c.,  but 
not  a  few  of  these  families  have  disappeared. 

The  Turn  bulls  are  an  ancient  family,  which  seems  to  have 
been  at  the  zenith  of  its  power  and  to  have  exercised  a  pre- 
ponderating influence  in  the  district  at  the  end  of  the 
fifteenth  century.  Their  castle  of  Bethiroule,  or  Bedrule, 
was  a  place  of  great  strength,  and  at  one  time  most  of  the 
land  in  the  valley  watered  by  the  Rule  was  in  the  posses- 
sion of  the  family.  In  1561  Thomas  Turnbull  of  Bedrule 
is  recorded  to  have  borrowed  money,  his  surety  being  John 


Stewart  of  Traquair,  and  his  son  Walter  in  1591,  his  surety 
being  James  Douglas  of  Cavers.  In  1623  the  lands  of  Bed- 
rule  and  Fulton  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  Kers,  and 
shortly  afterwards  the  Turnbulls  were  left  without  an  heredi- 
tary chief.  The  castle  has  been  entirely  destroyed,  and 
although  the  name  is  often  met  with  among  farmers  in  the 
old  district,  there  are  very  few  Turnbulls  who  now  own  land 
in  the  Border  counties;  and  if  some  of  them  believe  that 
they  are  descended  from  the  old  stock  they  would  find  it  in 
most  cases  impossible  to  give  an  accurate  account  of  the 

The  Riddellsare  believed  to  have  come  into  England 
with  the  Conqueror,  and  the  name  of  Ridel  is  on  the 
roll  of  Battle  Abbey,  which,  built  to  commemorate  the  battle 
of  Hastings,  and  that  prayers  might  ever  be  offered  for  the 
souls  of  those  who  fell  there,  is  now  possessed  by  the 
descendants  of  Charles  II.  and  Barbara  Villiers.  Gervase 
Ridale  witnessed  the  *'  Inquisitio  principis  Davidis "  in 
1 1 16.  Walter  Riddale  had  a  charter  of  Whitunes,  Lillies- 
clive,  &c.,  in  Roxburghshire,  from  David  I.  The  family  has 
at  different  times  intermarried  with  many  others  of  note  in 
the  county,  and  is  now  represented  by  the  Buchanan- 
Riddells,  who,  though  they  have  no  lands  in  Scotland,  have 
a  seat  in  the  neighbouring  county  of  Northumberland. 

Another  ancient  Border  family  is  that  of  Rutherfurd.  The 
name  is  no  doubt  taken  from  the  place  called  Rutherford 
on  the  Tweed,  so  called,  it  is  thought,  from  the  red -coloured 
land  in  the  neighbourhood,  but  there  is  not  wanting  a 
tradition  that  its  first  possessor  earned  it  by  conducting  a 
king  called  Ruther  through  the  river  in  safety  when  about 
to  engage  in  a  border  foray.  It  first  appears  in  a  charter 
of  William  the  Lion  in  1165.  From  1165  to  1249  the  names 
of  Gregory  and  Nicholas  of  Retherford  or  Rutheford  occur, 
and  in  1260  Nicholas  of  Rutherford  is  joined  with  other 
persons  of  importance  as  witness  to  a  deed.  Sir  Nicholas 
Rutherford  is  said  to  have  been  nearly  related  to  Sir 
William  Wallace,  whom  he  joined  with  sixty  men,  and  his 


son  Robert  was  a  zealous  partisan  of  Robert  Bruce.  In 
1398  Richard  of  Rotherfurd  was  an  ambassador  to  the 
English  Court,  and  in  1400  one  of  the  wardens  of  the 
marches.  He  had  three  sons — James,  his  successor;  John 
of  Chatto,  ancestor  of  the  Hunthill  branch  of  the  family; 
and  Nichol,  the  ancestor  of  that  of  Hundole. 

The  name  of  Home  is  said  to  be  the  equivalent  of  the 
Saxon  holm — a  hill,  and  is  also  met  with  in  the  forms  Holm, 
Howm,  and  Hume.  The  manor  of  Home  formed  part  of 
the  patrimony  of  the  powerful  family  of  Dunbar.  Before 
1 1 66  the  fourth  Cospatrick,  Earl  of  Dunbar,  granted  to  his 
son  Patrick  the  lands  of  Greenlaw.  Patrick  of  Greenlaw 
was  succeeded  by  his  son  William,  who  married  his  cousin 
Ada,  a  daughter  of  the  first  Patrick,  Earl  of  Dunbar,  by 
Ada,  the  natural  daughter  of  William  the  Lion.  This  lady, 
on  the  occasion  of  a  previous  marriage,  had  been  dowered 
by  her  father.  Earl  Patrick,  in  liherum  fnaretagium  with  the 
manor  of  Home.  After  his  marriage  William  assumed  the 
name  of  Home,  and  from  this  union  sprang  the  Border 
family  which  bears  that  name.  The  Homes  held  their  lands 
under  the  Earl  of  March  till  1435)  when  they  became  tenants 
of  the  Crown.  In  1515  the  castle  was  taken  by  the  Regent 
Albany,  in  1547  by  the  Protector  Somerset,  and  again  in 
1650,  after  Dunbar,  when  it  offered  a  spirited  resistance 
to  Colonel  Fenwick,  the  officer  sent  by  Cromwell  to  take 

The  longest  pedigrees  are  by  no  means  always,  or  even 
often,  associated  with  strawberry  leaves,  although  he  was  an 
ancestor  of  the  Duke  of  Leinster  on  whose  tomb  one  may 
read  the  odd  question,  "  Who  dared  Kildare  to  kill  ? "  A 
gilded  cross  or  weather-cock  is  no  doubt  a  fitting  decoration 
for  the  summit  of  a  steeple,  but  it  adds  nothing  to  the 
stability  of  the  fabric  which  it  crowns.  Deep  down  under 
the  ground  where  no  eye  can  penetrate  are  the  great  masses 
of  stone  or  concrete  ypon  which  the  structure  reposes.  The 
editor  of  the  records  which  follow  esteems  it  to  be  not  the 
least  interesting  and  important  part  of  his  task  to  chronicle 


what  he  has  been  able  to  discover  of  the  lineage  of  those 
who,  although  they  have  not  perhaps  occupied  a  super- 
eminent  position  in  the  crowd  of  their  fellows,  have  yet  had 
by  no  means  an  insignificant  share  in  making  the  history 
of  the  district. 

Of  less  important  families  there  is  no  lack^  and  it  is  not 
easy  to  make  distinctions  amoog  them  which  are  not 
invidious.  It  is  ventured  to  notice  as  a  type  that  of  Erskine 
of  Shielfield,  a  family  which  has  had  a  career  of  some  dis- 
tinction. The  third  Lord  Erskine  fell  at  Flodden  in  1513, 
leaving  three  sons,  the  youngest  of  whom,  James,  married 
Christian  Stirling.  By  this  lady  he  had  four  sons,  and  the 
latest  in  age  married  in  1559  Elizabeth,  the  only  child  of 
Walter  Haliburton  of  Shielfield.  Unlike  the  other  families 
which  have  been  noticed,  the  Erskines  do  not  trace  their 
descent  from  one  distinguished  man,  nor  own  allegiance  to  an 
hereditary  chief;  nor  have  they,  except  on  two  occasions, 
intermarried  with  the  families  of  greater  account  in  the 
Border  district.  But  the  present  and  eleventh  laird  of 
Shielfield  is  the  lineal  descendant  of  the  first,  and  there  has 
been  no  interruption  in  the  male  succession. 

In  compiling  notices  of  pedigrees  and  genealogies,  it  is 
probable  that  only  those  who  have  enterprised  such  work 
are  at  all  conversant  with  the  difficulties  which  beset  it.  In 
the  cases  of  many  families  there  are  no  records  to  search ;  in 
the  case  of  others  there  is  no  one  who  is  willing  to  take  the 
trouble  to  search  them;  and  from  not  a  few  it  is  im- 
possible to  extract  any  information  at  all.  The 
editor  of  the  records  contained  in  this  book  has  con- 
fined himself  strictly  to  what  he  knows  to  be  true.  In 
dealing  with  so  large  a  number  of  statements  he  cannot 
hope  to  have  escaped  making  mistakes;  but  he  believes 
that  if  he  has  himself  gone  astray  it  will  be  for  the  most 
part  in  cases  where,  for  lack  of  help  and  information  from 
the  representatives  of  some  family,  he  has  had  to  do  his 
best  in  tracing  the  pedigree  without  assistance. 

It  is  with  diffidence  that  the  writer,  who  is  not  a  member 


of  the  Jedforest  Club,  has  written  these  notes,  at  the  request 
of  his  friend.    The  statements  are  to  some  extent  taken  from 
the  works  of  persons  more   conversant  with  their  subject 
than,  owing  to  a  long  residence  in  England,  he  can  pretend 
to  be.     But  in  the  country  of  his  exile  he  notices  that  the 
prejudices  of  a   Yorkshireman,   which    still   teach   him  to 
despise  any  one  who  is  so  unfortunate  as  to  have  been  born 
to  the  south  of  the   Humber,  do  not  include  within  their 
range  our  countrymen  of  the  north,  and  this  although — it 
may  be  because  —  he  can  still  point  out  the  hiding-places 
into  which  his  forefathers  used  to  drive  their  cattle  in  the 
hope  of  securing  them  from  the  Scotch  raiders.      It  would 
surprise  many  a  great  Scot  of  the  past  could  he  see  how 
much    in    vogue   are  our   national    games,  and    he  would 
probably  smile  at  the  popularity  of  books  written  in  what 
to    many    an   Englishman  must  be    an    incomprehensible 
jargon,  not  less  than  at  the  dialect  which  is  sometimes  pro- 
posed in  them  as  good  lowland  Scotch.     There  is  a  story 
how  once  upon  a  time  one  of  the  Bonaparte  princes  paid 
a  visit  to  Ireland,  and  was  welcomed  with  an  address  by 
the  mayor  of  one  of  the  provincial  towns.    When  the  docu- 
ment had  been  read,  the  Prince  said  that  he  had  been  pre- 
pared to  speak  in  English — a  language  he  understood — but 
he  regretted  that  he  had  not  had  leisure  to  make  himself 
acquainted  with  Irish,  and  so  could  only  make  answer  in 
general  terms.     Alas  for  the  feelings  of  the  worthy  citizen 
who  had   been  under  the  impression  that  he  was  making 
himself  intelligible  in  French !    The  writer  has  not  yet  had 
the  fortune  to  meet  with  a  presbyterian  minister  happily 
yoked  with  an  Egyptian,  nor  with  a  Free  Kirk  pastor  who 
has  married  the  accomplished  daughter  of  a  retired  Indian 
ofRcer  of  Jacobite  tendencies  and  a  votary  of  the  despised 
episcopal  remnant.     Such  alliances  have  not,  so  far  as  he 
knows,  been  formed  in  the  county  of  Roxburgh;  indeed, 
they  rather  suggest  a  manufacture  to  suit  the  taste  of  the 
English  reader  of  romance.     We  are  sometimes  told  that 
the  writings  of  Sir  Walter  Scott  are  not  read  by  the  rising 


generation,  and  yet  nothing  is  more  remarkable  than  the 
continuous  flow  of  one  edition  after  another,  issued  by  pub- 
lishers who  well  know  what  they  are  about.  As  long  as 
they  find  readers,  the  Border  counties  of  Scotland  can  never 
lose  the  place  they  have  gained  in  the  thought  of  the 
British  race.  And  if  in  time  Lady  Margaret  Bellenden 
and  Jeannie  Deans,  and  the  mighty  host  brought  into  being 
by  the  great  wizard,  take  their  place  on  back  shelves  with 
Clarissa  Harlowe  and  the  Widow  Wadman,  then  will  fancy 
be  dead  and  ruthless  science  in  triumph  bestride  her  corpse. 


HoscoTE,  lotk  Mayy  1898. 



COUNTY  CLUBS,  as  a  rule,  have  been  founded  in 
county  towns,  and,  accordingly,  the  Jedforest  Club 
has  always  been  connected  with  the  town  of  Jedburgh. 
Country  gentlemen,  in  former  days,  depended  more  upon 
the  society  of  their  neighbours  than  they  do  at  the  present 
time.  Locomotion  was  formerly  slow  and  restricted ;  travel- 
ling in  some  parts  of  the  country  was  even  dangerous,  and 
that  love  of  perpetual  change  which  now  prevails  was 
yet  unborn.  The  clubs  of  early  days  did  not  possess  club 
premises  of  their  own,  but  in  some  favoured  tavern  or  inn 
the  members  held  periodically  social  gatherings.  Dinner  was 
served  at  three  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  and  with  toasts, 
sentiment,  and  songs,  the  meeting  was  often  prolonged  to  a 
late  hour  of  the  night,  in  accordance  with  the  now  obsolete 
fashions  of  our  forefathers.  The  Spread  Eagle  Inn  at  Jed- 
burgh has  been  the  headquarters  of  the  Jedforest  Club  from 
its  first  institution,  and  it  will  not,  therefore,  in  this  volume 
be  out  of  place  to  refer  to  the  manners  and  customs  of  this 
ancient  burgh. 

Jedburgh  is  a  place  of  great  antiquity,  and  its  origin 
belongs  to  the  dark  ages  of  pre-historic  times.  Legendary 
stories  take  the  place  of  history,  and  from  them  we  gather 
that  the  ecclesiastical  traditions  of  Jedburgh  begin  in  the 
tenth  century.  It  became  a  royal  burgh  at  a  very  early 
date,  but  there  is  no  authentic  deed  or  record  to  prove 
when  it  obtained  that  rank.  It  will  be  sufficient  to  refer 
the  reader  to  Jeffrey,  the  historian  of  Roxburghshire,  for  the 
early  events  with  which  the  capital  town  of  Teviotdale 
is  associated.  No  place  in  the  south  of  Scotland  has  a 
more  interesting  record.  Here  the  armies  of  Scotland 
assembled,   and    here    also    kings     and    queens    dispensed 


justice  to  a  large  and  important  district.  The  town  was 
without  walls,  but  every  habitation  in  it  was  constructed  for 
defence;  towers,  fortresses,  and  strong  houses  surrounded 
the  old  abbey  in  clusters,  and  the  castle  crowned  the 
heights ;  and  from  its  position  the  place  must  have  formed 
an  imposing  barrier  to  the  inroads  of  the  English. 
Tradition  declares  that  the  trades  of  Jedburgh  sent  their 
complement  of  fighting  horsemen  to  Bannockburn,  and 
returned  with  a  flag  taken  from  the  Englishmen.  This 
relic  they  still  possess,  and  in  former  days  it  was  unfurled 
when  the  trades  walked  in  procession. 

With  the  death  of  Queen  Anne  in  1714  the  Stuart  dynasty 
came  to  an  end.  Her  successor,  George  I.,  a  man  of  fifty- 
four  years  of  age,  and  a  foreigner  in  all  his  habits  and 
tastes,  was  not  calculated  to  awaken  popular  enthusiasm. 
We  hear  with  no  surprise  of  an  attempt  of  the  Jacobites 
to  obtain  the  restoration  of  the  Stuart  family.  Dissatis- 
faction with  the  government  was  widespread  in  Scotland, 
and  armed  parties  assembled,  who  proclaimed  the  Chevalier 
de  St  George  as  King  James  VIII.  The  rising  soon  spread, 
and  its  partizans  visited  our  Border  towns,  proclaiming 
the  Prince  as  they  arrived.  Inconstancy  of  purpose  was 
characteristic  of  the  leaders,  but  the  arrival  at  Wooler  of 
three  regiments  of  dragoons  and  a  regiment  of  foot,  under 
the  command  of  General  Carpenter,  forced  them  to  adopt 
some  definite  course  of  action.  The  plan  which 
was  followed  was  to  avoid  General  Carpenter,  and  in 
order  to  carry  it  out  the  Prince's  adherents  retreated  from 
Kelso  (where  they  had  assembled  in  numbers  amounting 
to  nearly  2000  men)  to  Jedburgh,  where  they  arrived 
on  the  27th  of  October.  Mr  J.  J.  Vernon,  in  his  pamphlet 
called  "The  Jacobites  of  Teviotdale,"  which  he  read 
before  the  Hawick  Archaeological  Society,  states  that  at 
Jedburgh  they  were  joined  by  Mr  Ainslie  of  Cowhill 
at  the  head  of  sixteen  gentlemen  of  Teviotdale,  all  well 
mounted,  but  that  he  is  unable  to  give  their  names.  Jeffrey^ 
vol.  ii.,  page  207,  says — "  After  the  rebel  army  left  Jedburgh, 


Sir  W.  Bennet  informed  the  Provost  that  the  Lord  Lieu- 
tenant, with  the  advice  of  his  Deputy  Lieutenant,  was  raising 
a  force  in  the  district,  and  requested  the  burgh  of  Jedburgh 
to  provide  a  man  and  horse,  well  mounted,  with  broadsword, 
pistols,  and  carbine,  at  Caverton  Edge  at  ten  o'clock  on 
Friday  following,  or  else  to  pay  ;{'i8,  los.  The  Magistrates 
applied  to  their  tacksman  of  the  mills  to  provide  a  man  and 
horse,  which  he  refused  to  do.  Eventually  the  Magistrates 
had  to  do  it  themselves,  and  the  Provost  accompanied 
him  to  Caverton  Edge,  and  presented  the  man  and  horse 
fit  for  service  as  required."  The  hereditary  High  Sheriff  was 
also  called  upon  to  supply  his  man,  as  appears  from  the  follow- 
ing letter  from  General  Carpenter  to  him  on  the  subject — 
"Jedburgh,  Nov.  2,  10  in  the  morn.  Sir, — The  man  you 
sent  me  seems  to  be  trusty  and  intelligible.  So  I  conclude 
the  rebels  are  marching  for  England,  therefore  shall  march 
immediately  for  Northumberland  to  Ellesdon.  Pray,  say 
nothing  of  my  march — I  mean  which  way.  I  have  sent 
orders  for  my  party  to  meet  me,  and  wish  you  all  happiness, 
and  am,  sir,  your  most  humble  servant,  Geo.  Carpenter. 
To  Archibald  Duglas,  Esq.,  High  Sheriff  of  the  County 
of  Twedell,  at  Hawick.**     (Douglas   Papers.) 

In  1723  the  burgh  of  Jedburgh  seems  to  have  been  in 
financial  difficulties,  and  found  it  expedient  to  sell  some 
of  the  burgh  lands  to  pay  a  pressing  creditor.  At  a  meeting 
of  the  Council,  it  was  resolved  to  sell,  by  **  voluntar  roup,'* 
within  the  council-house  of  the  burgh,  "those  seven  acres  of 
land  called  Williamslands,  rented  by  Mr  John  Ainslie, 
Burges,  at  ^7,  los  yearly.**  Mr  Ainslie  was  the  purchaser 
for  2545  marks,  Scots  money. 

The  town  guard  was  in  early  times  necessary  to  a  country 
town  for  purposes  of  defence.  It  consisted  of  a  well-armed 
body  of  men,  ready  to  turn  out  at  a  moment's '  notice.  As 
time  went  on,  its  duties  became  less  important,  and  although 
the  town  guard  still  lingered  on  for  a  considerable  time  after 
it  had  ceased  to  be  effective,  it  was  at  last  swept  away 
when  the  county  police  force  was  established. 


The  council  records  of  1724  contain  the  following  entry  : 
**  The  Magistrates  and  Council  appoint  Thomas  Stewart 
to  be  Captain  of  the  Town  Guard  and  William  Rutherford 
to  be  Lieutenant."  The  Kers  of  Ferniehirst  received  a 
grant  from  James  V.  in  1542  of  the  hailiary  of  the  lands 
and  lordship  of  Jedburgh  Forest  {vide  Privy  Seal  Register). 
About  the  same  period,  Robert  Ker,  the  son  of  Ferniehirst, 
is  mentioned  as  one  of  those  who  assisted  in  rebuilding  por- 
tions of  the  abbey.  It  is  supposed  that  the  north  transept 
was  in  1724  set  apart  as  the  burial  place  of  the  Kers. 
In  1725,  it  appears  from  the  minutes  of  the  Town  Council 
that  the  burgh  possessed  *'a  thousand  merks  mortified  by 
the  Lord  Jedburgh,  for  which  sum  they  are  obliged  to 
repair  his  aisle  when  needful,  and  this  being  .precarious 
it  is  not  thought  proper  to  enter  it  among  the  town's  debts 
as«it  was  formerly." 

An  election  for  the  shire  of  Roxburgh  took  place  in  1726, 
''and  the  Burgh  holding  the  milns  of  Jedburgh,  the  chief 
magistrate  is  entitled  to  vote  in  the  election,  and  we  believe 
it  is  the  council's  mind  we  should  give  it  (the  vote)  for  Sir 
Gilbert  Eiiott  of  Stobs."  In  this  contest  the  baronet  was 
not  returned  as  member  for  the  county.  Not  long  after  this 
Sir  Gilbert  had  occasion  to  come  to  Jedburgh  to  attend  a  head 
court,  and  his  defeat  was  still  rankling  in  his  mind,  when 
at  the  conclusion  of  the  meeting,  in  company  with  Colonel 
Stewart  of  Stewartfield  and  several  other  gentlemen,  he 
went  to  the  Black  Bull  Inn.  Here  the  party  indulged  in 
drink ;  a  quarrel  ensued  between  Eiiott  and  Stewart,  and 
the  latter,  losing  his  temper,  threw  the  contents  of  his 
glass  in  Sir  Gilbert's  face.  The  hot-headed  baronet  was 
unable  to  endure  this  insult.  He  had  by  his  side  a  sword- 
stick,  which  he  drew,  and  in  an  instant  plunged  it  into 
Stewart's  stomach  as  he  sat  at  table.  This  dreadful  event 
created  a  great  commotion  in  the  town,  and  Sir  Gilbert's 
butler,  an  old  and  trusted  servant,  on  hearing  in  the  tap- 
room of  the  occurrence,  rushed  upstairs  and  endeavoured 
to    persuade    him    to    seek     his    safety    in    flight.     This 


he  at  first  stubbornly  refused  to  do,  but  when  he  heard 
that  the  wound  he  had  inflicted  upon  Colonel  Stewart 
would  probably  prove  fs^tal,  he  roused  himself  for  a 
minute  to  the  danger  of  his  position,  but  still  lingered 
in  the  room.  His  servant,  a  powerful  man,  who  knew  the 
risk  of  delay,  seized  Sir  Gilbert,  carried  him  downstairs, 
and  deposited  him  in  the  abbey  churchyard,  placing  him  at 
the  same  time  in  an  unfrequented  comer  of  the  enclosure, 
behind  a  tombstone,  and  covering  him  with  a  blanket  or 
plaid.  The  faithful  fellow  had  horses  waiting  after  dark 
a  short  distance  out  of  Jedburgh,  and  they  rode  rapidly 
to  Rulewater,  where  the  baronet  concealed  himself  in 
Wauchope  wood  until  he  made  his  escape  to  Holland. 
The  laird  of  Stewartfield  died  from  the  effects  of  the  wound, 
and  on  the  12th  of  August,  1726,  a  special  meeting  of  the 
county  magistrates  was  convened  to  enquire  into  the  matter. 
There  were  present,  with  others.  Lord  Minto  (a  lord  of 
Session),  Sir  William  Ker  of  Greenhead,  Sir  Walter  Riddell 
of  Riddell,  Sir  William  Bennet  of  Grubbet,  Archibald 
Douglas  of  Cavers,  John  Scott,  younger  of  Ancrum,  and  Dr 
John  Haliburton.  They  met  in  the  court  house  of  Jedburgh. 
After  hearing  the  evidence  they  sent  to  the  Lord  Advocate 
a  copy  of  the  precognition,  and  a  warrant  was  issued  for 
the  apprehension  of  Sir  Gilbert.  In  the  meantime  Mr 
William  Elliot  of  Wells,  a  rich  London  merchant,  who 
had  much  interest  with  certain  influential  members  of  the 
Court,  exerted  it  to  the  utmost  in  favour  of  his  son-in-law, 
and  with  no  small  difliculty  a  pardon  was  ultimately 
procured  for  him  by  the  united  efforts  of  Mr  William  Elliot 
and  Lord  Minto,  his  kinsman.  The  old  Black  Bull  Inn 
was  situated  in  the  Canongate,  next  to  the  Vennel,  some- 
times called  Black  Bull  Close,  and  latterly  Crown  Lane. 
The  house,  which  is  still  in  existence,  is  now  occupied  by 
Mr  Noble,  a  grocer  and  spirit  dealer.  The  old  dining- 
room  in  which  the  tragedy  took  place  is  still  intact,  and 
is  immediately  above  the  shop.  Sir  Gilbert  returned  to 
Scotland,  and    lived    to    a    good  old    age.      He   died    in 


1764.  The  sword  which  had  been  conveyed  away  by 
Sir  Gilbert's  servant  was  for  a  long  time  preserved  by 
his  family.  At  a  later  period  it  became  the  property  of 
Mr  Andrew  Scott,  an  assessor  and  tax-gatherer,  who 
got  it  from  a  descendant  of  the  servant;  he  lived  at 
Denholm.  It  was  given  by  Mr  Scott  to  old  George  Forrest, 
the  well-known  gunmaker  of  Jedburgh,  an  intimate  friend, 
who  in  his  turn  gave  it  to  the  late  Marquess  of  Lothian, 
and  it  is  now  in  the  museum  at  Monteviot.  For  this 
information  I  am  indebted  to  Aaron  and  Miss  Agnes  Forrest, 
son  and  daughter  of  old  George. 

A  tragedy  of  a  similar  character  was  enacted  soon  after- 
wards between  Thomas  Hallyburton  of  Muirhouselaw  and 
George  Rutherford  of  Fairnington.  They  had  attended 
a  county  meeting,  and  were  both  rather  the  worse  of  driqk. 
They  left  Jedburgh  together  on  horseback,  and  on  their  way 
home  had  a  quarrel,  it  is  said,  about  the  right  to  a  well 
situated  on  the  line  of  march  between  the  estates  of  Fair- 
nington and  Muirhouselaw.  When  they  arrived  at  the 
well  both  men  had  got  much  excited,  and  dismounting  from 
their  horses,  they  drew  their  swords  (which  were  usually 
carried  by  gentlemen  in  those  days),  and  attacked  each 
other.  Rutherford  had  been  the  aggressor,  having  forced 
the  other  to  fight,  and  he  slew  Hallyburton  at  a  place  which 
is  popularly  known  as  the  "  Bloody  Well."  Rutherford  es- 
caped and  kept  out  of  the  way  until  he  was  assured  that 
the  law  would  take  no  action  against  him. 

George  I.  died  on  the  2nd  of  June,  1727,  and  was 
succeeded  by  George  II.,  who,  like  his  father,  was  a  thorough 
German,  gifted  with  the  hereditary  bravery  and  obstinacy  of 
his  family,  but  with  very  limited  abilities.  At  this  period 
the  vassals  of  his  grace  the  Duke  of  Douglas  in  Jedforest 
were  almost  in  a  state  of  rebellion.  A  memorial  was  drawn 
up  at  Jedburgh  by  order  of  the  duke,  dated  July,  1728,  in 
which  William  Ogilvie,  his  factor,  was  ordered  to  pursue 
the  most  refractory  of  the  vassals  before  the  Regality  Court. 
They  refused  to  carry  out  the  obligations  which  they  were 


bound  to  perform  as  vassals,  and  set  at  defiance  the  officer 
and  head  forester  of  the  Duke  of  Douglas.  It  further 
states  in  the  memorial  that  the  itiost  convenient  place  for 
the  head  forester  to  reside  is  Cleithaugh,  or  Mervinslaw, 
being  adjacent  to  the  wooded  district  of  the  Forest.  .  .  . 
— Vide  Douglas  Papers. 

During  the  summer  of  1732  the  first  mention  is  made 
of  a  water  supply  for  the  town.  William  Ainslie,  surgeon, 
complains  that,  as  proprietor  of  the  yards  and  cleugh  called 
Little  Cleugh,  adjoining  the  town,  and  from  which  cleugh 
the  town  is  served  with  spring  water,  the  grass  is  frequently 
trodden  down  by  workmen  repairing  the  pipes  or  cistern. 

The  Marquess  of  Lothian  was  provost  of  Jedburgh  in 
1738;  William  Ainslie  (surgeon),  senior  bailie;  and  Lord 
Robert  Kerr,  a  councillor. 

In  **  Historical  Notices  of  the  Superstitions  of  Teviot- 
dale  "  we  read  at  page  535 : — "  There  is  a  story  of  ancient 
date  still  current  among  some  old  people  about  Jedburgh, 
a  place  once  famed  for  witches.  It  runs  thus: — A  person 
of  the  name  of  Brown,  the  parish  schoolmaster  of  Jedburgh, 
had  the  misfortune  to  be  saddled  with  a  wife  who  was 
known  through  the  town  to  be  a  most  mischievous  witch. 
Brown,  being  a  pious,  good  man,  used  to  remonstrate  with 
her  upon  her  unlawful  practices.  Offended,  however,  by 
these  reproofs,  she  formed  the  design  of  taking  away  his  life. 
She  accordingly,  assisted  by  some  of  her  associates,  took 
him  out  of  his  bed  in  the  night  time  and  drowned  him  in 
the  river  Jed.  Some  of  the  Jedburgh  folk  who  had  been 
awakened  by  the  noise  heard  him  singing  the  twenty-third 
Psalm  as  they  were  leading  him  with  a  rope  about  his  neck 
down  to  the  water,  and  at  the  same  time  a  company  of 
fairies  were  observed  to  be  dancing  on  the  top  of  the  steeple 
of  Jedburgh  Abbey;  and  there  the  whole  company  regaled 
themselves  with  wine  and  ale  after  the  witches  had  accom- 
plished their  diabolical  purpose  with  the  poor  dominie. 
The  liquor  was  taken  from  the  cellar  of  a  Mr  John  Ainslie, 
merchant,  whose  descendants  (1820)  are  still  living  in  very 


respectable  stations  of  society.  Popular  tradition  says  that 
a  son  of  Lord  Torphichen,  who  had  been  taught  the  art  of 
witchcraft  by  his  nurse,  was  among  the  party  on  that 
occasion,  and  that  he  was  the  person  who  first  gave  infor- 
mation of  the  murderers  of  Brown.  It  is  also  said  that  the 
same  company  of  fairies  passed  through  Jedburgh  before 
the  army  of  Prince  Charles  with  drums  beating." 

In  the  rising  of  1745  the  army  of  Prince  Charles  Edward 
marched  southwards  in  three  columns.  On  the  4th  of 
November  the  Prince  arrived  at  Kelso  after  dark  with  one 
column.  He  crossed  the  Tweed  on  the  following  day,  and 
marched  towards  Jedburgh,  where  he  remained  a  night.  The 
house  he  slept  in  is  called  Blackhills  House,  and  was  then 
the  property  of  the  Ainslies.  It  is  one  of  the  few  interesting 
old  buildings  still  left  in  the  town.  David  M*DougaU 
was  a  tenant  in  Caverton  Mill  during  1745,  and  when  the 
Prince's  army  was  on  its  way  south  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe, 
who  was  afraid  of  anything  befalling  his  family  plate  and 
valuables,  sent  for  M'Dougail,  his  tenant,  and  arranged 
with  him  that  he  and  his  two  sons  should  come  with  carts 
to  Floors  Castle  under  cover  of  night,  and  convey  the 
chests  containing  the  plate  to  Caverton  Mill,  where  it  was 
secretly  buried  in  the  stackyard,  until  the  danger  was  over. 
From  the  minutes  of  Jedburgh  Town  Council  it  appears 
that  the  Marquess  of  Lothian,  the  Earl  of  Ancram,  and 
Lord  Robert  Kerr  were  still  at  this  time  concerned  in  the 
management  of  the  burgh. 

On  the  30th  of  October,  1750,  the  Town  Council  resolved 
to  solemnise  the  King's  birthday,  and,  as  usual,  ordered  the 
treasurer  to  provide  wine  and  glasses,  and  further  requested 
the  Magistrates-  to  issue  orders  for  the  ceremony.  There 
is  a  curious  story  told  about  drinking  the  king's  health,  in 
connexion  with  the  proclamation  of  William  and  Mary  after 
the  Revolution  in  1689.  ^  Jacobite  who  was  present  was 
asked  if  he  would  drink  the  king's  health,  and  he  declined, 
although  he  was  willing  to  drink  a  glass  of  wine.  The  wine 
being  handed  to  him,  he  filled  his  glass,  and  said  **  I  drink 


confusion  to  him,  and  the  restoration  of  our  Sovereign  and 
his  heir."  He  then  threw  his  glass  in  the  air,  and  it  fell  to 
the  ground  without  breaking. .  The  glass  was  picked  up  and 
sent  to  the  King  by  one  of  the  Jedburgh  bailies  who  was 
present  at  the  ceremony,  with  an  account  of  the  incident. 

George  II.  died  in  1760,  and  George  III.  was  proclaimed 
King.  The  first  news  of  the  king's  death  was  brought 
to  Scotland  on  the  forenoon  of  Tuesday  the  28th  of  October 
by  a  private  gentleman,  who  came  post  from  London  to 
Edinburgh.  It  was  confirmed  by  different  expresses  a  few 
hours  afterwards,  and  at  night  a  king's  messenger  arrived 
with  the  order  of  the  Privy  Council  and  copies  of  the 

The  steeple  in  the  market  place  of  Jedburgh  was  built  in 
1 761,  as  is  shown  by  the  following  extract  from  the  minutes 
of  the  Town  Council: — "At  Haddington  the  20th  day  of 
April  last,  being  the  preceding  Burrow  for  the  time,  when 
Sir  Hugh  Dalrymple  of  North  Berwick  was  unanimously 
elected  Commissioner  to  represent  this  district  in  the  ensu- 
ing Parliament,  and  at  the  same  time  he  (the  Provost) 
informed  the  Council  that  after  the  election  Sir  Hugh  Dal- 
rymple was  pleased  most,  generously  to  give  to  him  for  the 
use  of  the  town,  the  sum  of  two  hundred  pounds  sterling, 
which  Sir  Hugh  desired  might  be  applied  towards  defraying 
the  expense  of  raising  the  steeple  upon  the  new  prison. 
Sir  Hugh  gave  him  fifty  pounds  sterling  more  for  paying 
the  debt  and  embellishing  the  new  kirk,  with  one  hundred 
pounds  Scots,  which  Sir  Hugh  desired  might  be  distributed 
amongst  the  necessitous  poor  of  the  trades.  The  Magistrates 
and  Council,  being  thoroughly  sensible  of  Sir  Hugh's  most 
generous  donation,  resolve  that  their  most  hearty  thanks 
should  be  returned  him,  and  for  that  purpose  recommend 
the  Provost  to  write  a  letter  in  the  name  of  the  Council, 
expressing  their  grateful  acknowledgments  for  his  generosity 
to  this  burgh,  and  at  the  same  time  they  resolve  that  when 
the  new  steeple  is  erected  there  should  be  an  inscription 
made  on  this  building,  signifying  by  whose  donation  the 


steeple  was  built/'  The  stone  which  bore  the  inscription 
was  placed  at  so  considerable  a  height  from  the  ground 
that  it  could  not  be  read  from  below,  and  many  years  ago 
it  was  found  that  the  legend  had  been  purposely  defaced, 
and  was  no  longer  readable. 

The  old  bridge  at  the  foot  of  the  Canongate  in  1770 
showed  signs  of  decay,  and  was  considered  to  be  in  a 
dangerous  state.  There  is  a  certificate,  dated  March  5th, 
1770,  "  under  the  hands  of  James  Winter,  Thomas  Winterup, 
two  masons  of  experience,*'  that  none  of  the  arches  are  good, 
and  part  of  the  centre  or  middle  arch  is  in  imminent 
danger  of  falling. 

Provost  Lindsay  convened  the  Council  on  the  3rd  of 
January,  1780,  and  informed  them  of  the  death  of  their  re- 
presentative in  Parliament,  the  Hon.  Colonel  John  Maitland, 
of  the  71st  Regiment  of  Foot.  Last  Thursday  he  had 
received  a  letter  from  Colonel  Maitland's  brother,  the  Earl 
of  Lauderdale,  who  also  enclosed  an  extract  from  the  letter 
conveying  the  sad  news  to  himself.  From  this  it  appeared 
*'  that  the  Colonel's  extraordinary  exertions  in  bringing 
forward  the  troops  under  his  command  at  Beaufort  to  the 
relief  of  the  garrison  at  Savanna,  in  Georgia,  under  the 
command  of  General  Provost,  when  besieged  by  the  com- 
bined armies  of  France  and  the  American  rebels,  commanded 
by  Count  de  Stainy,  threw  him  into  a  fever  to  which  he 
succumbed  in  October  last." 

About  the  year  1782  there  was  a  great  demand  for  Scotch 
whisky  in  England,  and  a  strong  impulse  was  given  to  illicit 
distillation  in  consequence.  An  import  duty  of  two  shillings 
and  eightpence  per  gallon  was  charged  in  England,  and  an 
extensive  system  of  smuggling  resulted.  If  a  man  was  too 
idle  in  his  disposition  to  stick  to  weekly  labour,  or  too 
irregular  in  his  conduct  to  maintain  a  good  character  and 
keep  his  situation,  he  had  no  anxiety  about  finding  another 
occupation ;  there  was  the  whisky  trade  to  fall  back  on,  as  it 
was  familiarly  called.  It  is  small  wonder  that  the  attention 
of  the  House  of  Commons  was  drawn  to  the  state  of  affairs 


in  1 80 1,  as  at  that  time  every  hamlet  on  our  borderland  had 
its  private  still  and  its  band  of  smugglers.  The  farmers, 
who  allowed  these  stills  to  be  established  on  their  lands, 
generally  shared  in  the  plunder,  and,  in  fact,  it  was  looked 
upon  as  an  easy  method  of  gaining  a  substantial  livelihood. 
Fortunes  were  frequently  amassed  by  these  makers  of  the 
'*  mountain  dew."  In  Teviotdale  the  excise  staff  consisted  of 
a  collector,  two  supervisors,  and  eighteen  officers  under  their 
command.  This  crime  was  not  only  popular  among  the  young 
lads  who  loved  midnight  adventure  better  than  daily  labour, 
but  sometimes  induced  men  of  good  character  to  join  them, 
**  to  try  their  luck  with  the  bladder."  This  was  a  con- 
venient receptacle  for  the  conveyance  of  whisky,  and  collie 
dogs  were  trained  to  carry  through  the  night  a  couple  of 
bladders  strapped  across  their  backs  to  certain  places  on  the 
English  side  of  the  border. 

In  1785  several  traders  in  Jedburgh  combined  to  refuse  to 
accept  in  payment  of  their  accounts  all  halfpence  of  His 
Majesty  George  III.,  many  samples  of  this  coin  being  counter- 
feit. This  they  did  unmolested  for  three  years,  till  John 
Hall,  taxman  of  the  toll-bar  at  Newtown,  went  into  the  shop 
of  John  Billerwell,  dean  of  guild,  one  of  the  clique,  and 
bought  some  tobacco,  for  which  he  offered  six  halfpence  of 
George  III.  The  money  was  at  once  refused,  and  the 
tobacco  returned.  John  Hall  went  to  the  Procurator- Fiscal 
for  advice,  which  resulted  in  a  law  plea  against  Mr  Biller- 
well. The  Sheriff  found  that  the  defender,  keeping  a  shop, 
was  bound  to  deliver  the  tobacco  demanded  and  to  accept  in 
payment  the  true  coin  of  George  III.  The  matter  was  not 
allowed  to  rest  there,  but  was  brought  before  the  Court  of 
Session,  when  the  Lord  Ordinary  ordered  the  halfpence  that 
had  been  offered  in  payment  to  be  submitted  to  the  assay 
master  at  Edinburgh,  to  see  if  they  were  genuine.  He 
returned  an  answer  saying  he  was  not  certain.  The  half- 
pence then  went  to  the  London  mint,  from  whence  a 
somewhat  similar  reply  was  received.  The  Lord  Ordinary, 
after  receiving  these  reports,  assoilzied  the  defender  from  the 


action,  and  found  expenses  due  to  neither  of  the  parties. 
The  matter  was  then  brought  under  the  consideration  of  the 
whole  of  the  Lords.  The  defender  contended  in  his  defence 
that  no  person  is  bound  to  dispose  of  goods  till  he  is  perfectly 
satisfied  with  what  he  gets  in  return.  The  Court  of  Session 
considered  the  case,  however,  upon  the  general  grounds  of 
the  illegal  combination,  and  fined  Mr  Billerwell  ;^5,  and  ;^i6 
in  expenses. 

Roxburghshire  in  1786  was  badly  provided  with  con- 
stables or  guardians  of  the  peace.  A  properly  organised 
police  force  did  not  exist,  and  the  rural  parishes  were  left 
very  much  to  take  care  of  themselves.  It  was  not  until 
1805  that  the  Privy  Council  considered  the  question  of  a 
county  police,  and  stated  the  numbers  necessary  for  each 
county.  Roxburghshire  is  mentioned  as  requiring  39  men, 
Selkirkshire  5  men,  and  Peeblesshire  10  men.  The  police 
question,  if  ever  really  considered,  seems  to  have  been 
persistently  shelved  and  left  in  abeyance.  The  burgh 
had  an  official  who  wore  a  coat  with  a  red  collar  and 
a  nondescript  cocked  hat  peculiar  to  town  officers.  He 
carried  as  his  badge  of  office  a  long  stout  staff,  and  was  on 
the  best  of  terms  with  burghers,  whom  he  kept  in  reason- 
able awe  and  good  order.  The  sight  of  his  staff  sufficed  to 
make  little  boys  afraid,  and  the  mention  of  his  name  was 
enough  to  make  refractory  urchins  submit  to  parental 
authority.  This  solitary  individual  served  all  the  purposes 
of  our  modern  civic  police.  Jedburgh  gaol  contained,  like 
most  of  the  prisons  of  the  period,  a  promiscuous  assemblage 
of  criminals,  with  all  the  evils  that  the  mixed  system  could 
produce.  During  the  last  century  a  man  and  his  wife 
ministered  to  the  wants  of  the  whole  establishment,  and 
nobody  ever  questioned  their  ability  to  do  so.  Escapes  were 
of  common  occurrence;  the  newspapers  used  to  describe 
the  escaped  criminal  and  offer  a  reward  for -his  apprehension. 
It  is  told  of  a  magistrate  of  the  royal  burgh  that  he  was  once 
waited  on  by  the  gaoler,  who  told  his  honour  that  the  door 
of  the  prison  was  off  its  hinges  (in  fact,  from  old  age  they 


had  given  way),  and  that  he  did  not  know  what  was  to  be 
done.  The  magistrate  himself  was  in  doubt,  but  at  length  a 
happy  idea  struck  him.  He  hastily  desired  the  gaoler  to  get 
a  harrow  and  set  it  up  in  the  doorway,  with  the  teeth 
turned  to  the  inside ;  **  an*  if  that  wad  na'  keep  them  in,  the 
prisoners  were  na'  worth  the  keeping  in.'*  The  debtors, 
if  they  could  obtain  assistance  from  outside,  often  had  a 
merry  time  of  it.  On  fine  summer  evenings  they  were  not 
forbidden  to  take  a  stroll  on  the  ramparts,  and  even  on  the 
sly  permitted  to  extend  their  walk.  The  occupant  of  the 
condemned  cell  was  often  secured  by  his  leg  being  chained 
to  a  heavy  stone  in  the  floor.  The  chain  was  of  sufficient 
length  to  allow  the  condemned  man  to  range  forward  to  the 
window,  through  whose  bars  he  could  hold  converse  with 
his  friends  outside.  He  would  on  a  market  day  lower  a 
tin  mug  attached  to  a  string,  and  out  of  sympathy  for 
his  fate  obtain  a  few  coppers  from  the  passers-by.  Such 
was  the  condition  of  the  old  Jedburgh  gaol,  with  its 
rude  liberties  and  lax  indulgences.  It  was  not  ill  suited 
to  the  good  old  days,  and  to  the  contemporary  state  of 
society.  Upwards  of  a  hundred  years  ago  a  man  called 
Tweedy  was  condemned  to  be  executed  for  theft.  The 
day  fixed  was  Tuesday,  the  market  day,  on  which  the 
execution  was  the  more  calculated  to  produce  a  salutary 
impression.  For  some  reason  or  other  a  delay  of  nearly 
two  hours  occurred,  and  this  saved  Tweedy's  life  for  the 
time ;  for  a  messenger  sent  express  from  Edinburgh  oppor- 
tunely arrived  in  Jedburgh,  with  his  horse  foaming  at  the 
nostrils  and  bleeding  from  the  spur,  and  shouting  at  the 
top  of  his  voice  as  he  entered  the  High  Street  **  for  the 
execution  to  be  stayed.**  Tweedy  was  long  a  candidate 
for  the  honour  of  the  gallows,  and  he  gained  it  at  last  and 
suffered  at  Morpeth. 

An  execution  which  took  place  in  Jedburgh  in  the  last 
century  excited  considerable  sympathy.  It  was  that  of 
Jimmy  Trotter.  Jimmy  was  a  "character,"  a  giant  in 
strength,  and  also  a  bold  smuggler.      He  had  stolen  an 


old  horse,  worth  thirty  shillings,  and  was  condemned  to  be 
hung.  His  wife  sat  at  his  feet  during  the  trial,  with  an 
infant  at  her  breast,  her  husband  every  now  and  then 
stretching  forth  his  big  hand  to  pat  the  unconscious  babe 
with  touching  affection.  He  heard  his  fate  unmoved,  while 
his  weeping  wife  rent  the  court  with  her  sobs.  On  reaching 
the  court-house  stairs,  he  flung  abroad  his  brawny  arms, 
with  a  sweep  that  capsized  half  a  dozen  of  the  bystanders, 
exclaiming  "  Now,  sirs,  my  dying  day  is  fixed  for  the  25th.'* 
In  order  to  secure  in  gaol  a  man  of  such  enormous  strength, 
a  large  block  of  stone  was  brought  from  the  neighbouring 
quarry,  and  placed  in  the  middle  of  his  cell,  and  he  was 
fastened  to  it  by  a  chain.  In  a  moment,  however,  Jimmy 
jerked  the  chain  from  its  rivet,  and  tried  the  schoolboy 
game  of  *^  barring  out,"  by  placing  the  huge  stone  against 
the  door  of  the  cell ;  and  in  that  position  it  was  allowed  to 
remain  until  he  chose  to  remove  it.  He  broke  out  one 
night,  and  might  have  got  away  had  he  not  taken  it  into 
his  head  to  say  good-bye  to  the  gaoler's  wife,  who  had  been 
kind  to  him;  and  this  delay  again  placed  him  within  the 
clutch  of  the  law.  A  few  days  after,  Jimmy  bade  adieu  to 
weeping  wife  and  children,  and  expiated  the  theft  of  the 
old  horse  by  swinging  from  the  ''  gallows  cheek."  He  met 
his  fate  with  gleeful  heroism  and  a  stout  heart.  It  is 
impossible  to  recall  these  transactions  of  a  past  age  without 
a  feeling  of  horror  at  the  unhesitating  severity  with  which 
offences  of  so  trivial  a  character  were  visited  with  capital 
punishment.  And  humanity  shudders  at  the  judicial 
murders  which  were  constantly  committed  under  our  un- 
reformed  penal  code.* 

Some  knowledge  of  the  manner  in  which  trifling  theft  was 

1  When  the  vast  number  of  executions  for  petty  theft  during  the 
reign  of  George  III.  is  had  in  review,  the  proceedings  of  the  "  Bloody  " 
Mary  become  by  comparison  insignificant.  As  a  matter  of  fact,  concern 
for  pain  is  quite  a  modem  affection.  Till  the  discovery  of  anesthetics  it 
had  no  more  place  in  the  lecture  room  of  a  surgeon  than  in  the  torture 
chamber  of  Torquemada. 


punished  in  Jedburgh  in  1796  may  be  gathered  from  the 
Edinburgh  Advertiser  of  that  date: — '* James  Rbbson»  a 
gardener  and  a  proprietor  of  lands  in  that  neighbourhood, 
was,  on  Tuesday  the  13th  of  September,  tried  before  the 
Sheriff  of  Roxburghshire  for  stealing  green  or  new*made 
hay  from  an  enclosure  adjoining  to  the  turnpike  road  leading 
from  Jedburgh  to  Newcastle.  He  was  convicted  by  the 
verdict  of  a  respectable  jury,  and  was  sentenced  to  im- 
prisonment in  the  county  jail  till  the  ayth  (a  fair  day), 
then  to  be  set  on  the  pillory  in  the  market  place  of 
Jedburgh  for  an  hour,  with  a  bundle  of  hay  suspended  over 
his  head,  and  confined  in  the  county  bridewell  and  fed  on 
meal  and  water  for  four  weeks  thereafter." 

Before  the  century  came  to  a  close,  a  rumour  of  invasion 
from  abroad  aroused  the  inhabitants  of  Great  Britain  to 
warlike  preparations.  Every  town  raised  a  volunteer 
regiment,  and  almost  every  hamlet  sent  its  representatives 
or  contributed  a  company  to  it.  Bodies  of  horse  and  foot 
volunteers  were  formed  by  private  gentlemen  and  large  land- 
owners. The  ladies  also  vied  with  their  husbands  in  doing 
what  they  could  to  promote  the  national  enthusiasm  by 
embroidering  the  standards  and  colours  which  were  to  lead 
them  to  victory.  Never  in  the  history  of  the  country  was 
patriotism  more  emphatically  displayed.  Fencible  cavalry 
and  yeomanry  were  popular  corps  in  the  rural  districts  where 
young  farmers  and  foxhunters  abounded.  They  were  rapidly 
filled  up  with  a  good  stamp  of  men,  mounted  on  serviceable 
horses.  A  new  Act  of  Parliament,  however,  which  concerned 
the  militia,  was  by  no  means  popular,  and  in  consequence 
of  this  some  ill-disposed  people  in  Jedburgh  became  very 
unruly,  and,  among  other  acts  of  outrage  and  violence, 
forcibly  entered  the  house  of  Mr  Riddell,  a  writer,  in  search 
of  Mr  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston,  major  of  the  yeomanry 
cavalry,  and  a  deputy  lieutenant  for  the  county.  Their 
search  was  in  vain,  and  they  then  proceeded  to  the  Market 
Place,  where  shortly  a  detachment  of  yeomanry  arrived  in 
charge  of  Major  Rutherfurd  to  quell  the  disturbance.    Their 


appearance  seems  to  iiave  exasperated  the  rioters,  as  they 
assaulted  them  with  sticks  and  stones,  and  severely  wounded 
several  of  the  corps. .  In  particular,  they  made  a  desperate 
onslaught  on  Major  Rutherfurd,  pulled  him  off  his  horse, 
and  when  on  the  ground  struck  him  a  violent  blow  on 
his  head,  which  rendered  him  insensible.  With  some 
difficulty  he  was  rescued  by  his  men,  who  cleared  the 
street  and  restored  order  in  the  town.  The  ringleaders  were 
tried  on  the  23rd  of  October,  1797,  and  received  the  sentence 
they  deserved. 

The  Messrs  Hilson,  the  first  woollen  manufacturers  in 
Jedburgh,  who  had  a  lease  of  the  Waulk  Mill,  which  was 
the  property  of  the  burgh,  presented  a  memorial  to  the 
Magistrates  and  Council  in  1798  for  a  renewal  of  the  lease 
for  a  term  of  sixty  years  at  a  nominal  rent.  This  they  did 
on  the  ground  of  a  large  outlay  being  necessary,  not  only  in 
the  erection  of  extensive  machinery  for  carrying  on  the 
woollen  trade,  but  also  on  buildings  for  the  accommodation 
of  the  hands  employed.  They  bound  themselves  to  erect 
these  buildings,  which,  at  the  expiry  of  the  lease,  were  to 
become  the  property  of  the  town.  The  Council,  taking 
this  into  consideration,  and  with  a  view  to  encouraging 
the  introduction  of  a  new  and  rising  branch  of  manufacture, 
renewed  the  lease.  This  family  still  flourishes,  the  senior 
members  being  William  Hilson,  who  carries  on  the  tweed 
manufactory,  and  George  Hilson,  his  younger  brother,  a 
solicitor  and  collector  of  Inland  Revenue.  John,  another 
brother,  who  died,  is  represented  by  his  son,  Oliver  Hilson 
of  Lady'syards.  To  all  these  gentlemen  I  am  indebted 
for  help  in  compiling  these  chapters. 

In  1798  the  Irish  Rebellion  had  brought  about  a 
critical  condition  of  affairs,  and  a  strong  force  of  militia 
and  fencible  cavalry  was  sent  to  assist  the  regular  troops 
in  Ireland.  Among  these  was  the  regiment  of  Rox- 
burgh and  Selkirk  Light  Dragoons,  commanded  by  Sir 
John  Scott,  Bart.,  of  Ancrum.  They  fought  with  the 
French    at    Castlebar,    and    distinguished    themselves    on 


several  occasions.    The  regiment  was  soon  after  disbanded, 
and  a  corps  of  yeomanry  formed  in  its  place.^ 

On  the  7th  of  August,  1799,  two  troops  of  yeomanry 
assembled  at  Jedburgh  in  full  dress.  At  eleven  o'clock 
of  that  day  they  were  drawn  up  in  review  order  before  the 
rampart,  when  two  standards,  the  gift  of  Mrs  Rutherfurd  of 
Edgerston,  were  consecrated  by  the  Rev.  Dr  Somerville, 
their  chaplain,  and  with  an  impressive  speech,  were  con- 
signed to  the  captains  of  troops  by  Major  Rutherfurd,  the 
commanding  officer.  On  the  following  day  they  were 
reviewed  at  Mounthooly  Haugh  by  the  Hon.  Colonel  Villiers, 
the  ground  being  kept  by  the  Jedburgh  volunteers.  The 
Duke  of  Roxburghe,  Sir  George  Douglas,  M.P.,  and  many 
others  were  present. 

Mr  Rutherfurd  of  Knowesouth,  who  had  been  agent  for 
the  burgh  in  Edinburgh,  died  in  1801,  and  the  Jedburgh 
Town  Council  appointed  in  his  place  John  Rutherfurd, 
writer  to  the  signet,  as  his  successor.  With  the  intimation 
of  his  appointment,  they  sent  him  a  burgess  ticket.  Mr 
Rutherfurd  was  the  eldest  son  of  Major  John  Rutherfurd 
of  Mossburnford,  an  original  member  of  the  Club. 

In  1801  Bailie  Thomson  informed  the  Council  that  there 
was  a  scheme  in  hand  for  building,  by  subscription,  a  bridge 
at  the  town-foot,  which  would  be  of  great  utility  to  the 
community  at  large,  and  that  already  many  subscriptions 
had  been  received.  The  Council,  having  considered  what 
had  been  represented  respecting  the  erection  of  a  bridge, 
approved  of  the  same,  and  authorised  the  Provost  to  sub- 
scribe and  the  treasurer  to  pay  fifty  pounds  towards  the 
cost  of  the  proposed  bridge. 

Mr  Brewster,  rector  of  the  grammar  school,  and  father  of 
Sir  David  Brewster,  finding  that  from  failing  health  he  was 
no  longer  able  to  discharge  his  duties,  informed  the  Provost 

^  Sir  John  Scott,  the  Colonel  commandant,  remained  at  headquarters. 
Lieutenant-Colonel  William  £lliot  of  Borthwickbrae  and  Major  William 
Elliot  of  Harwood  served  with  the  regiment  throughout  the  rebellion  in 


and  Council  in  November,  1803,  that  he  was  prepared  to 
resign  his  charge  at  the  next  Whitsunday  term,  upon  being 
allowed  a  suitable  pension  for  the  remainder  of  his  life.  The 
Council  appointed  a  committee  to  consider  Mr  Brewster's 
claim,  and  it  was  unanimously  agreed  to  allow  him  an 
annuity  not  exceeding  twenty-five  pounds.^ 

The  whole  population  of  the  country  were  much  disturbed 
in  1803  by  the  fear  of  a  French  invasion,  which  happily 
never  took  place.  Our  great  centres  of  industry  for  a  time 
became  emporiums  of  warlike  stores;  muskets  and  other 
weapons  of  defence  were  manufactured  by  thousands ;  the 
drill  sergeant  was  everywhere  in  evidence ;  and  a  wonderful 
patriotism  was  displayed  by  all  classes  throughout  the 
length  and  breadth  of  the  kingdom.  For  the  better  pro- 
tection of  our  coasts,  a  system  of  telegraphic  communication 
by  means  of  beacon  fires  was  arranged.  The  military 
authorities  also  appointed  certain  places  of  rendezvous 
for  troops  in  case  of  sudden  emergency,  and  every  possible 
means  was  adopted  to  repel  an  invasion  should  it  be 
attempted.  The  year  passed  away  amidst  nothing  more 
serious  than  rumours,  and  the  volunteers  began  to  flatter 
themselves  that  the  immense  preparations  which  had  been 
made  had  caused  the  French  to  change  their  plans.  The 
warlike  spirit  of  the- volunteer  was,  however,  destined  soon 
to  be  put  to  the  test ;  and  to  his  credit  it  may  be  said  that 
he  proved  himself  equal  to  the  occasion. 

On  Tuesday  the  31st  of  January,  1804,  ^^  half-past  eight 
in  the  evening,  the  beacon  fires  at  Hume  Castle,  Caverton 
Edge,  and  soon  afterwards  on  the  Dunion  were  in  fiiH  blaze, 
spreading  like  wildfire  the  alarming  intelligence  that  the 
French  were  landing.  The  three  Border  towns,  Jedburgh, 
Kelso,  and  Hawick,  all  represented  much  the  same  appear- 
ance on  this  memorable  night.  All  was  bustle  and  cheerful 
activity.  At  Kelso,  within  three  hours  of  the  first  alarm,  the 
town  was  full  of  volunteers.    The  minister  of  Smailholm,  the 

^  Extracts  £rom  the  Minutes  of  the  Town  Council  of  Jedburgh. 


Rev.  Thomas  Cleghorn,  set  a  noble  example  that  night. 
He  collected  the  able-body  men  in  his  parish,  and  marched 
into  Kelso  at  their  head.  The  three  companies  of  Kelso 
volunteers,  commanded  by  Sir  George  Douglas  of  Spring- 
wood  Park,  Captains  Waldie  and  Robson,  were  under  arms, 
and  drawn  up  in  the  Square,  and  cheered  their  comrades  as 
they  arrived  from  the  country. 

At  Jedburgh,  before  one  o'clock  in  the  morning  three  com- 
panies of  volunteers  had  assembled  in  the  Market  Place, 
under  command  of  Captains  John  Elliot,  Fair,  and  Jerdon. 
Hawick  also  turned  out  in  great  numbers,  and  the  volun- 
teers first  mustered  in  the  Town  Hall.  All  through  the 
night  the  Liddesdale  men  came  flocking  into  the  town,  and 
before  daylight  a  splendid  body  of  Border  volunteers  were 
ready  to  defend  their  country.  The  western  troop  of  Rox- 
burghshire yeomanry  arrived  in  Jedburgh  early  on  Wednes- 
day morning  all  fully  accoutred,  fine  men  mounted  on  good 
horses,  under  the  command  of  their  popular  captain,  Elliot  of 
Harwood.  They  then  proceeded  to  Kelso,  where  the  eastern 
troop  joined  them  on  their  way  to  their  rendezvous  at 
Haddington.  A  sleepless  night  was  spent  in  the  Roxburgh- 
shire border  towns.  In  Jedburgh  torches  were  used  to 
light  the  streets,  and  many  of  the  windows  were  lighted 
up.  The  whole  population  seemed  to  be  out  of  doors,  and 
many  anxious  questions  were  asked,  which  no  one  could 
answer.  Lord  Minto  happened  to  be  staying  at  Monteviot 
on  a  visit,  and  when  he  heard  the  startling  news  he  ordered 
his  carriage,  and  drove  first  to  Jedburgh,  to  see  the  state  of 
affairs  in  the  town,  and  from  there  to  Minto.  The  **  False 
Alarm"  originated  as  follows — I  have  to  thank  the  editor 
of  the  Kelso  Mail  for  information  about  this  matter,  and  I 
also  quote  Mrs  Oliver  of  Thornwood  —  The  beacon  on 
Hume  Castle  was  under  the  superintendence  of  a  retired 
army  captain,  who  resided  about  three  miles  from  the  castle. 
The  man  immediately  in  charge  was  a  sergeant,  and  a  new- 
comer to  the  district.  As  soon  as  the  beacon  on  Hume 
Castle  was  lighted,  the  captain  ordered  his  man-servant  to 



ascertain  the  cause  of  the  alarm.  He  mounted  a  horse  and 
rode  off  at  once  on  his  errand,  and  returned  with  the  infor- 
mation that  the  man  in  charge  had  made  a  mistake.  The 
sergeant  had  taken  the  charcoal  burning  at  Shareswood  to 
be  a  lighted  beacon  on  the  Doolaw.  In  a  few  minutes  the 
Doolaw  beacon  was  seen  bursting  into  flame,  and  others 
followed  in  all  directions.  Fortunately,  the  watch  at  St 
Abb*s  Head  had  his  wits  about  him,  and,  considering  that 
if  there  had  been  an  actual  invasion  the  alarm  would  have 
come  from  the  coast,  and  not  from  the  inland  stations,  he 
wisely  did  not  spread  the  alarm  by  lighting  his  beacon,  and 
thus  saved  the  Lothians  and  the  north  of  Scotland  from 
being  roused. 

It  was  not  until  the  morning  of  the  2nd  of  February  that 
people  became  aware  of  the  mistake  that  had  been  made, 
although  there  had  been  rumours  to  that  effect  the  night 
before.  The  volunteers,  horse  and  foot,  returned  to  their 
respective  stations  not  a  little  crestfallen  at  the  sudden 
change  of  circumstances.  As  it  may  be  of  interest  to  know 
the  names  of  the  officers  who  served  in  our  local  county 
force  at  this  period,  I  have  extracted  the  following  names 
from  the  War  Office  official  list  dated  ist  of  October,  1804, 
and  have  added  some  of  their  local  designations. 




f  I 

Major-Corn.  William  Elliot 
Major  Jonathan  Elford 
Captain  Archibald  Douglas 

Henry  H.  Macdougall 
John  Morshead 
William  Elliot 
Lieut.  David  Ogilvie 
Robert  Walker 
William  OUver 
2nd  Lieut.  Robert  Potts 
James  Haldane 
William  Ogilvie 
Chaplain  Thomas  Somerville 





9th  July,  1802 
2oth  Aug.,  180X 
loth  Aug.,  1794 
loth  Jan.,  1798 
3rd  Sept.,  180X 
9th  July,  z8o2 
9th  Aug.,  1794 
loth  Jan.,  1798 
27th  Aug.,  1802 
loth  Aug.,  1794 
loth  Jan.,  1798 
3rd  Sept.,  1803 
27th  Nov.,  1799 




Wooden,  near  Kelso 
Younger,  Dinlabyre 

Younger,  Chesters 
(Rev.  Dr  Somerville 
of  Jedburgh) 





Headquarters — Jbdburgh. 

Lt.-Col.-Com.  John  Rutherfurd 

Lt.-Col.  Gilbert  Lord  Minto 

Major  Robert  Elliot 

Captain  John  Rutherfurd 

John  Corse  Scott 

Hon.  John  E.  Elliot 

Lieut.  William  Fair 

James  Henderson 

M      Andrew  Pringle 

M      James  Oliver 

Archibald  Jerdon 

John  Elliot 

Robert  Scott 

William  Hope 

Ensign  Thomas  Thomson 

„      John  Nixon 
Ensign  Andrew  Usher 

M     Charles  Ken- 
Chaplain  James  Arkle 
Qr. -Master  William  Hope 




13th  Sept.,  1803    Edgerston 
13th  Sept..  1803 
13th  Sept.,  1803 
13th  Sept.,  1803 

Do.  Sinton 

7th  March,  1804    Minto 
13th  Sept.,  1803    Langlee 

Do.  Writer,  Jedburgh 



Do.  Bonjedward 



7th  March,  1804  Jedburgh 

13th  Sept.,  1803 

13th  Sept.,  1803 

7th  March,  1804 


13th  Sept.,  1803 


Headquarters — Kblso. 

Lt.-Col.  Sir  John  B.  Riddell,  Bart.  13th  Sept.,  1803 

Major  Hunter 


Captain  Sir  George  Douglas,  Bart. 


„       Thomas  Mein 


„      John  Waldie 


Banker,  Kelso 

„      Charles  Robson 


Lieut.  Miller 


„      James  Potts 


Writer,  Kelso 

„       Charles  Erskine 



„      Adam  Boyd 



M      George  Bruce 


Robert  Wang 


John  Ord 


(Father  of  John  Ord 
of  Muirhouselaw) 

M      Alexander  Ballant3me 


Ensign  Charles  Gordon 


M      David  Brown 


„      Henry  Oliphant 


,,      Blackie 


Adjutant  T.  Williamson 



Qr. -Master  C.  Gordon  7th  March,  1804 

Surgeon  Douglas  Do.  Kelso 

Assistant-Surgeon  A.  Stewart  Do. 

In  a  few  years  time  these  regiments  were  disbanded. 
The  Roxburgh  cavalry  was  turned  into  yeomanry,  and  the 
two  battalions  of  volunteer  infiintry  became  the  first  and 
second  regiments  of  Roxburghshire  local  militia. 



i^N  the  morning  of  Wednesday  the  2nd  of  May,  1810,  a 
^^  party  of  twenty-four  gentlemen  met  at  the  old  Spread 
Eagle  Inn  at  Jedburgh,  at  the  invitation  of  the  Earl  of 
Ancram.  It  included,  besides  his  lordship,  Lord  Robert 
Kerr,  Sir  John  Scott  of  Ancrum,  the  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot, 
afterwards  Earl  of  Minto;  John  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston, 
William  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre,  Major  Rutherfurd  of  Moss« 
burnford,  James  Elliot,  younger  of  Woollie ;  James  Paton 
of  Crailing,  Walter  Scott  of  Wauchope,  Thomas  Scott, 
younger,  of  Peel ;  and  John  Robson,  from  Chatto,  &c.  Lord 
Ancram  having  drawn  the  attention  of  the  meeting  to  the 
success  which  had  attended  the  foundation  of  the  Forest 
Club  of  Selkirk,  and  to  its  popularity  among  the  gentlemen 
of  that  county,  proposed  that  an  association  of  a  somewhat 
similar  character  should  be  formed  by  themselves,  and  that  a 
committee  should  be  appointed  for  the  purpose  of  drawing 
up  such  rules  **  as  they  may  consider  most  conducive  to  the 
better  establishment  of  the  society.'* 

The  proposal  met  with  the  unanimous  approval  of  those 
present.  A  committee  was  chosen  and  its  first  meeting 
fixed  for  the  2nd  of  June,  and  it  was  arranged  that  the  result 
of  its  deliberations  should  be  made  known  to  a  full  meeting 
of  the  Club  on  the  7th  of  August.  On  this  occasion  Lord 
Ancram  presided,  and  the  rules,  which  were  framed  on  the 
model  of  those  of  Selkirk,  were  read,  and  with  a  few 
alterations  approved.  The  first  of  them  is  still  in  force,  and 
restricts  the  number  of  members  to  forty.'  A  pattern  of  cloth 
and  a  specimen  button  were  exhibited  by  Lord  Ancram,  and 
suggested  for  adoption  as  the  club  uniform,  and  it  was 
arranged  that  the  cloth  should  be  of  a  particular  colour  and 

^  All  the  original  members  mentioned  are  still  represented  in  the  Club 
by  their  descendants. 



be  made  of  Cheviot  wool,  and  that  Mr  Scott  of  Lethem 
should  be  asked  to  produce  a  piece  of  it  for  inspection  at  the 
next  meeting  of  the  Club.  The  Spread  Eagle  Inn  at  the 
time  was  kept  by  Mr  TurnbuU,  and  the  Club  met  four  times 
in  the  year  and  dined  at  three  o'clock. 

Lord  Ancram,  in  the  name  of  the  Marquess  of  Lothian, 
under  his  title  of  Lord  Jedburgh,  presented  the  Club  with  a 
handsome  silver  horn,  which  was  ordered  always  to  be 
placed  on  the  table  before  the  president  after  dinner. 
Engraved  on  the  horn  is  the  following  inscription : — "  Lord 
Jedburgh  to  the  Jed-forresters,  i8io."  Above  the  inscrip- 
tion  is  engraved  the  Lothian  arms.  At  the  meeting  of  the 
Club  on  the  31st  of  October,  1810,  Lord  Ancram  informed 
the  society  that  His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  Lord 
Douglas,  Lord  Dalkeith,  and  the  Hon.  Colonel  Douglas  had 
become  members  of  the  Club. 

The  local  militia  in  1810,  having  a  full  complement  of 
officers  and  men,  the  following  regimental  order  was  issued — 
"  October  4th,  1810.  Notice  is  hereby  given  that  the  ist 
regiment  of  Roxburgh  Local  Militia  is  to  assemble  for 
twenty  days*  exercise  at  Jedburgh  on  Monday,  22nd  of 
October,  at  ten  o'clock  in  the  forenoon.  The  Serjeants, 
Corporals,  Drummers,  and  all  such  as  are  attached  to  the 
corps  of  drummers  for  the  Bugle,  Cymbal,  or  Triangle,  are 
to  assemble  at  Jedburgh  on  Monday  the  15th  of  October. 
All  such  as  do  not  attend  accordingly,  after  this  intimation, 
shall  be  treated  as  deserters.  By  order.  James  Anderson, 

On  the  8th  of  July,  181 1,  the  officers  of  the  above- 
mentioned  battalion  presented  their  commandant,  the  Hon. 
Gilbert  Elliot,  with  a  piece  of  plate,  having  a  suitable  in- 
scription engraved  upon  it,  expressive  of  their  high  respect 
and  esteem  for  him  as  an  officer  and  a  gentleman.  At  the 
same  time  they  presented  a  pair  of  large  silver  cups,  gilt,  to 
the  adjutant,  Captain  Williamson. 

Mr  Paton  of  Crailing  was  president  at  the  meeting 
of  the  Club  in   October.    181 1.     On  this  occasion  it  was 

•  I 


proposed  and  unanimously  agreed  that  a  three  o'clock 
dinner  was  found  to  be  inconvenient,  and  that  four  o'clock 
should  be  the  hour  for  the  future. 

The  names  of  officers  who  were  gazetted  to  the  two  local 
militia  regiments  in  1810-11  are  as  follows : — 

Headquarters — ^Jedburgh. 

*  Lt.-Col.  Comt.  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot,  afterwards  Lord  Minto 
Lt.-Col.  James  Turner 

*  Major  James  Elliot,  younger,  of  WooUie 

*  Captain  Walter  Scott,  Wauchope 

*  „       William  Fair  of  Langlee 

Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward 

Andrew  Pringle 

Thomas  Scott 

James  Grieve,  Branxholm  Braes 

John  Dawson,  Frogden 

George  Cleghorn,  Weens ;  date  of  com.,  Oct.  34, 

Lieutenant  James  Oliver 

William    Hope   of  Tudhope,   ironfounder,    Jed- 
burgh; afterwards  Provost 

Archibald  Dickson.  Hassendeanbnm 

Robert  Rutherford,  saddler.  Jedburgh 

John  Graham,  Closeburn  Cottage 

Thomas  Caverhill,  Bailie  of  Jedburgh.  x8io 

Robert  Brown 

James  Fair,  Langlee 

,,       William  Pringle 

„       George  Pott  of  Dodd 

Ensign  Simon  Dod,  Catcleuch,  in  Redesdale 

Alexander  Scott,  factor  for  the  Douglas  family 

John  Nixon,  manufiekcturer,  Hawick 

Thomas  Roxburgh 

William  Renwick.  afterwards  Postmaster 

*  Adjutant  John  Williamson ;  date  of  com..  January  25.  1809 

*  Qr.-Master  David  Blount 
Surgeon  James  Wilson 

*  Are  Membert  of  the  Jedibrest  Club. 

Headquarters — Kblso  . 
Lt.-Col.  Com.— Sir  J.  B.  Riddell,  Bart.,  of  Riddell 
Lt.-Col.  James  Dunsmuir.  Tweedbank 




Major  Thomas  Riddell 

Captain  John  Waldie,  banker,  Kelso 

Charles.  Robson,  merchant,  Kelso 
James  Potts,  writer 
Charles  Erskine 

William  Scott,  yoonger  of  Raebum 
James  Robson 
William  Scott 
Thomas  Thompson 
Lieutenant  John  Ord,  father  of  the  late  John  Ord  of  Muir- 
„       Thomas  Blaikie 
,,       George  Watt,  merchant.  Kelso 
,,       Adam  Ormiston,  Melrose;  owner  of  land  in  that 

,.       Charles  Waldie 
„       John  Fair 

Robert  Bell 
,.       Andrew  Hewitt 
George  Craig 
Andrew  Laing 

James  Purves ;  date  of  com.,  July  19,  181 1 
Ensign  Richard  Hewitt 

James  Borthwick ;  date  of  com.,  July  19.  181 1 
George  Gordon  „  August  2,  18 11 

*  Adjutant  Thomas  Watmore        ,,  Sept.  24,  1808 

Qr. -Master  Alexander  Ballantyne  (was  Lieut.  2nd  Battalion 

Roxburgh  Volunteers,  1804) 
Surgeon  Alexander  Stewart  (was  Assistant  Surgeon  2nd 
Battalion  Roxburgh  Volunteers,  1804) 

On  the  29th  of  July,  1812,  Sir  John  Scott,  Bart.,  of 
Ancrum,  shortly  before  his  death,  presented  the  Club  with 
a  mull  mounted  in  silver.  At  this  time  a  forest  green  coat 
with  gilt  buttons  and  a  white  waistcoat  was  the  uniform  of 
the  society,  and  a  penalty  of  a  bottle  of  claret  was  exacted 
from  those  who  did  not  appear  so  dressed.  In  those  days 
claret  was  the  favourite  drink,  and  champagne  was  hardly 
known.  Madeira  was  also  popular  wine,  but  whisky  was 
rarely  drunk  by  the  upper  classes. 

The  Rev.  Dr  Thomas  Somerville,  the  well-known  author, 
became  in  181 2  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  He  was 
the  parish  minister  of  Jedburgh,  and  took  a  great  interest 
in  all  Border  societies. 




A  keen  contest  took  place  at  the  general  election  of  i8i2 
between  the  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot  and  Alexander  Don, 
younger,  of  Newton  Don.  The  following  verses  were  com- 
posed on  the  occasion : — 

Brave  Elliot,  as  you  all  well  know, 

Gibraltar's  rock  protected ; 
And  well  he  beat  the  Spanish  foe. 

Tho'  by  a  Duke  directed. 

A  scene  like  this  you  soon  will  see 

In  Roxburghshire  repeated ; 
And  Dukes  and  Dons  again  will  be 

By  Elliot's  name  defeated. 

Elliot  gained  the  day  by  six  votes. 

His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe  and  Lord  Newbattle 
were  unanimously  elected  members  of  the  Club  in  1813, 
and  Mr  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward,  who  had  acted  as  honorary 
secretary  from  its  formation,  was  succeeded  in  that  ofHce 
by  Mr  Shortreede.  At  a  meeting  of  the  Club,  July  27th, 
1814,  William  Ogilvie,  younger,  of  Chesters,  being  president, 
a  silver  snuff-box  of  the  value  of  eight  guineas  was  presented 
to  Mr  Jerdon  by  the  members  of  the  Club,  as  a  mark  of  their 
appreciation  of  his  services  during  the  time  he  had  acted  as 

The  1 8th  of  June,  1815,  will  always  be  memorable  as  the 
date  of  the  battle  of  Waterloo.  It  was  fought  on  a  Sunday 
and  began  at  half-past  eleven  o'clock,  and  lasted  until  darkness 
set  in.  The  British  army  under  Wellington  stood  the  whole 
brunt  of  the  battle  until  half-past  seven  in  the  evening,  when 
the  Prussians,  under  Marshal  BlOcher,  came  to  the  assistance 
of  the  worn-out  British  soldiers.  In  this  way  the  name  of 
BlQcher  became  popular  in  this  country,  and  the  energetic 
landlord  of  the  Spread  Eagle  Inn,  Mr  Walter  Caverhill, 
started  a  four-horse  coach  to  Edinburgh  called  after  the 
Prussian  general.  The  following  circular  appeared  with 
reference  to  this  coach,  signed  by  fifteen  members  of  the 
Jedforest  Club : — 


The  pRiNCB  Bluchbr 

Four-horse  coach  with  a  guard,  from  Edinburgh  to  Jedburgh  via  Gala- 
shiels and  Melrose.  Starts  from  Mr  Scott's,  the  Star  Inn,  No.  36  Princes 
Street,  Tuesday,  Thursday,  and  Saturday,  at  8  o'clock,  morning;  and 
from  Mr  Caverhill's,  Spread  Eagle  Inn,  Jedburgh,  Monday,  Wednesday, 
and  Friday,  at  J-past  7.  N.B. — Three  passengers  may  be  forwarded  to 
the  next  stage  from  Jedburgh,  at  the  coach  fare.  Tickets— inside.  i6s ; 
outside,  IIS. 

Jedburgh,  13  Sept.,  1815. 

We,  subscribers,  considering  that  Walter  Caverhill.  Innkeeper  in  Jed- 
burgh, has,  at  a  good  deal  of  expense  and  risk,  started  a  coach,  with  four 
horses,  to  run  from  Jedburgh  to  Edinburgh,  and  that  such  an  establish- 
ment is  likely  to  prove  convenient  to  the  public;  we  do,  therefore,  consider 
it  our  duty,  not  only  to  declare  our  resolution,  so  far  as  opportunity  offers, 
to  countenance  and  support  the  above  establishment,  but  also  to  recom- 
mend the  same  to  the  favour  and  support  of  the  public  in  general. 

(Signed)    The  Marquess  of  Lothian; 
Earl  of  Minto; 
John  Ruthbrfurd  of  Edgerston  ; 
William  Oliver,  Junior,  of  Dinlabyre; 
James  Elliot,  Junior,  of  Woollee; 
Thomas  Ogilvie  of  Chesters ; 
William  Elliot  of  Harwood ; 
James  Paton  of  Crailing; 
Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward ; 
Charles  Robson  of  Samistown  ; 
William  Riddell  of  Camistown ; 
William  Fair  of  Langlee; 
Rev.  Dr  Thomas  Somerville,  Jedburgh  ; 
Thomas  Philip  Ainslie  of  Overwells ; 
Charles  Erskine,  Melrose; 
George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee ; 
John  Scott  of  Gala; 
William  Hope,  Provost  of  Jedburgh. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Club  on  the  27th  of  Sept.,  1815 — Mr 
Brown  of  Rawflat  being  president — on  the  motion  of  the 
Marquess  of  Lothian,  it  was  unanimously  resolved  that  in 
future  any  member  attending  a  meeting  of  the  Club  dressed 
in  boots,  might  wear  a  coloured  waistcoat,  instead  of  a  white 
one,  if  so  disposed,  without  incurring  a  penalty. 

A  committee  of  the  Club  met  in  181 6  at  the  Spread  Eagle 
to  examine  the  Club  accounts  and  to  enquire  into  the  con- 
dition of  the  wine  cellar.  This  they  at  once  condemned,  as 
being  too  small.     Mr  Turnbull  offered  a  space  for  the  purpose 


of  making  a  larger  and  more  convenient  cellar,  and  Mr 
Robert  Cranston,  mason,  executed  the  work  for  the  small 
sum  of  £2^  X5S. 

On  the  morning  of  the  21st  of  October,  18x6,  the  gaoler 
informed  the  Provost  of  Jedburgh  that  some  prisoners  had 
made  their  escape.  The  magistrates  offered  a  reward  of  five 
guineas  each  for  their  apprehension,  but  to  no  purpose.  The 
gaoler,  Andrew  Henderson,  was  then  admonished  by  the 
Provost,  and  ordered  to  find  caution  in  the  sum  of  ;^2oo  for 
the  faithful  performance  of  his  duty. 

The  Waterloo  anniversary  was  celebrated  at  Penielheugh 
on  the  1 8th  of  June,  181 7.  At  noon  the  tenants  of  the 
Marquess  of  Lothian  assembled  at  the  Monument,  where 
they  were  met  by  the  Marquess.  Before  the  toasts  were 
given,  his  Lordship  addressed  them  and  expressed  his 
satisfaction  that  he  had  returned  to  the  country  in  time  to 
assist  at  the  celebration,  and  he  trusted  the  Monument  would 
stand  to  be  looked  at  by  the.  inhabitants  of  the  country  as 
long  as  Scotsmen  existed,  and  that  it  would  continue  to  be 
an  everlasting  memorial  of  the  valour  of  British  soldiers.  A 
number  of  toasts  were  given,  at  the  close  of  which  the  oldest 
tenant  on  the  estate,  whose  ancestors  had  been  upon  it  for 
several  centuries,  stepped  forward  and  proposed  the  health  of 
the  Marquess  and  Marchioness  of  Lothian,  the  Earl  of 
Ancram  (who  was  present),  and  the  other  members  of  the 
family.  The  Marquess  in  return  proposed  the  health  of  the 
tenants,  and  at  the  same  time  gave  notice  that  a  meeting 
would  be  held  annually  on  the  same  spot  in  order  that  the 
glorious  battle  of  Waterloo  might  never  be  forgotten. 

In  1818  the  Sheriff  of  Roxburghshire  desired  the  Provost 
to  report  upon  the  state  of  the  gaol,  as  he  considered  it  quite 
insufficient  for  the  secure  custody  of  the  prisoners.  Upon 
the  report  being  received,  the  advantages  that  would  arise 
from  the  erection  of  a  new  gaol  were  discussed,  and  eventu- 
ally it  was  decided  to  build  one.  On  the  i8th  day  of  June, 
1819,  there  was  a  special  meeting  of  the  members  of  the 
Jedforest  Club  in  the  Spread  Eagle  Inn.    The  chair  was 


occupied  on  the  occasion  by  Lieut.-General  the  Hon.  David 
Leslie,  and  the  croupier  was  Lieut.-Colonel  Thomas  Philip 
Ainslie  of  Overwell3.  The  stewards  of  the  meeting  were 
Lieut.-Colonel  William  .Sibbald  of  Pinnacle,  Captain  R. 
£Uiot,.R.N.,  and  James  Elliot,  younger,  of  Woollee.  There 
was  a  good  attendance,  an4  the.  day  was  spent  in  a  manner 
well  becoming  a  society  of  men  firmly  attached  to  the  consti- 
tution of  their  country,  and  who  were  fully  sensible  of  the 
invaluable  blessings  and  privileges  they  enjoyed,  which,  but 
for  that  glorious  victory,  they  might  ere  now  have  been 
deprived  of. 

On  the  coronation  day  of  King  George  .IV.,  1821,  thirty- 
two  members  of  the  Club  sat  down  to  dinner,  and  after  the 
cloth  was  removed,  upon  the  standing  toast  to  the  memory 
of  Lord  Jedburgh  (the  late  Marquess  of  Lothian,  **  the  donor 
of  the  horn,'*  and  the  founder  of  the  Club)  being  given  from 
the  chair,  Colonel  Ainslie  of  Overwells  rose  and  delivered  an 
animated  and  patriotic  speech.  **  The  glorious  occasion  of 
the  meeting  and  the  largeness  of  the  party  kept  the  Club 
together  till  a  late  hour,  an  extra  supply  of  wine  being 
ordered  from  the  cellar  to  cherish  conviviality."  A  good 
many  years  afterwards,  when  *'  the  donor  of  the  horn  *'  was 
given  as  a  toast,  Donald  Home,  W.S.,  a  leading  politician 
in  the  county,  being  rather  deaf,  thought  his  health  was 
being  proposed,  and  did  not  discover  his  mistake  until  he 
got  up  to  return  thanks. 

Close  to  Jedburgh  Abbey,  on  a  steep  bank  overhanging 
the  Jed,  is  the  well-known  Jedburgh  school  called  "The 
Nest.*'  Mr  Caverhill  was  the  proprietor  of  the  Wren's 
Nest,  the  ancient  name  of  this  old  house,  and  he  sold  it 
in  1 82 1  to  Mr  Burnett,  the  rector  of  the  grammar  school. 
The  heritors  of  Jedburgh  parish  made  a  grant  of  one  hun- 
dred pounds  towards  the  completion  of  the  purchase,  as  the 
house  occupied  by  Mr  Burnett  in  the  Canongate,  belonging 
to  the  burgh,  was  found  to  be  quite  unsuitable.  Many 
members  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  as  little  boys,  got  their  first 
education  at  the  Nest,  and  it  is  still  conducted  by  Dr  Fyfe. 


In  the  month  of  December,  1822,  Mr  Samuel  Wood,  the 
town-clerk,  laid  before  the  Council  a  letter  he  had  received 
from  the  Marquess  of  Lothian  respecting  the  piece  of  ground 
at  the  market  place  upon  which  the  old  tower  belonging  to 
the  Kerr  family  stood,  in  which  letter  the  Marquess  signified 
his  intention  to  give  up  any  claims  against  the  burgh  for 
arrears  of  rent.  He  suggested  that  the  site  of  the  tower 
should  be  marked  out  with  stones  upon  the  pavement,  and 
that  a  rent  or  feu-duty  should  in  future  be  paid  by  the 
burgh.  The  matter  was  so  arranged,  and  the  town  pays 
forty  shillings  annual  rent  for  the  ground. 

The  gaol  at  Jedburgh  was  finished  in  the  year  1823.  It 
is  built  on  the  site  of  the  old  castle,  and  cost  the  county 
nearly  ;^i  1,000.  The  architect  was  the  late  Mr  Elliot,  and 
Mr  Gillespie  was  the  builder.  A  few  years  ago  the  gaol  was 
sold  by  the  county  to  the  burgh  of  Jedburgh  for  the  sum  of 

Roxburghshire  is  not  a  coal  country,  but  many  attempts 
have  been  made  at  various  times  to  find  so  valuable  a 
mineral.  Mr  Elliot  has  for  some  time  past  been  digging 
for  coal  on  the  lands  of  Whitelee,  and  is  said  to  have  dis- 
covered a  seam  upwards  of  two  feet  thick.  On  a  market 
day  in  the  month  of  December,  1823,  two  cart-loads  of  ^ 
coal  from  Whitelee  were  brought  into  Jedburgh  and  publicly 
burnt  in  the  market  place,  and  the  bells  rang  a  merry  peal 
while  the  coal  was  burning. 

William,  sixth  Marquess  of  Lothian,  died  on  the  27th  of 
April,  1824,  and  was  buried  at  Newbattle.  He  was  born  in 
1764,  and  was  Lord-Lieutenant  of  the  counties' of  Midlothian 
and  Roxburgh,  and  founder  of  the  Jedforest  Club. 

The  old  weather-cock  that  had  been  formerly  upon  the 
tower  of  the  Abbey  was  by  subscription  in  1826  placed  upon 
the  steeple.  The  Town  Council  employed  Deacons  Telfer 
and  Hope  to  execute  the  work,  and  at  the  same  time  to 
repair  the  cracks  in  the  upper  part  of  the  steeple.  Mr 
Wilson,  painter,  was  engaged  to  gild  the  weather-cock. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Club  on  the  25th  October,  1826 — 


Adam  Stavert  of  Hoscote  president — Sir  William  Scott  of 
Ancrum  was  balloted  for  and  unanimously  admitted  as  a 
member.  Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward  (acting  secre- 
tary)  stated  to  the  meeting  that,  in  consequence  of  the 
lamented  death  of  their  secretary  (Mr  Thomas  Shortreed), 
it  became  necessary  to  appoint  a  successor  to  that  office; 
and  the  committee  begged  leave  to  suggest  Mr  George  Scott 
as  a  fit  person  for  the  appointment.  The  meeting  approved 
of  the  recommendation  of  the  committee,  and  nominated  Mr 
G.  Scott  as  hon.  treasurer  and  secretary  to  the  Club,  he 
becoming  an  ex-officio  member,  with  the  appointment. 

The  Roxburghshire  yeomanry  received  orders  from  their 
commanding  officer  to  deliver  up  their  arms  and  accoutre- 
ments in  the  following  manner.  The  2nd,  3rd,  and  4th 
troops  of  the  regiment  to  assemble  for  that  purpose  in  Jed- 
burgh, January  23rd,  1828;  and  the  ist  and  5th  troops  to 
meet  at  Kelso  on  the  following  day.  The  gentlemen  were 
to  appear  in  full  dress,  and  partake  of  a  farewell  dinner 

The  Club  met  at  the  Spread  Eagle  on  July  25th,  1827. 
Colonel  Sibbald  proposed,  and  it  was  unanimously  agreed, 
that  the  new  uniform  coat  of  the  Club  should  be  of  dark  blue 
cloth,  with  a  collar  of  the  same,  and  a  gilt  button  bearing  a 
suitable  device.  The  secretary  was  directed  to  procure  a 
drawing  of  a  button  and  to  produce  it  for  inspection  by  the 
members  at  the  next  meeting.  On  the  31st  of  October  the 
secretary  produced  several  specimens  of  uniform  buttons. 
The  Club  selected  one  with  the  letters  J.  F.  in  the  centre,  in 
the  Saxon  character.  Mr  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward  was  asked 
to  consult  with  Mr  Lizars,^  an  engraver,  on  the  subject.  In 
the  year  1828  it  was  proposed  and  agreed  by  all  present  that 

^  Mr  Lizars,  the  engraver,  married  Henrietta,  third  daughter  of  Dr 
Wilson  of  Jedburgh.  Two  Miss  Wilsons,  sisters  of  Mrs  Lizars,  occupied 
the  house  in  High  Street,  now  the  property  of  the  Bank  of  Scotland. 
When  Sir  W.  Jardine's  Natural  History  was  in  preparation,  the  illustra- 
tions having  been  engraved  by  Lizars,  he  employed  his  sisters-in-law 
to  paint  them. 


the  Club  should  give  a  ball.  For  this  purpose  a  committee 
was  appointed,  consisting  of  the  following  gentlemen : — Cap- 
tain Elliot,  R.N. ;  James  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  Colonel  Sibbald, 
Major  Oliver,  and  Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward.  The 
ball  committee  found  that  the  large  room  in  the  Spread 
Eagle  was  not  very  suitable  for  the  purpose,  and  Mr  Oliver, 
the  sheriff,  proposed  that  the  Club  should  advance  five 
hundred  pounds  to  Mrs  Laing,.  the  landlady  of  the  inn,  for 
the  construction  of  a  ball-room,  at  four  per  cent,  interest, 
and  the  money  should  be  raised  in  shares  of  £2^  each,  on 
the  security  of  the  inn  and  its  offices.  This  was  adopted,  and 
the  following  members  took  each  a  share : — William  Oliver, 
junior ;  A.  Oliver,  David  Brown,  W.  Oliver  for  Mr  Ruther- 
furd  of  Edgerston,  W.  Elliot,  Thomas  Scott,  William  Fair, 
John  Rutherfurd,  Robert  K.  Elliot,  William  Oliver  for  Mr 
Elliot  of  Wolflee,  Sir  William  Scott,  W.  Mein,  H.  F.  Scott, 
Sir  Charles  Ker,  Archibald  Jerdon,  Thomas  Stavert,  A. 
Dickson,  junior;  John  Paton,  for  Marquess  of  Lothian,  and 
George  Scott.  At  the  next  meeting  of  the  Club  a  letter  was 
read  by  the  secretary  from  Mrs  Laing,  stating  that  the 
estimates  for  building  the  room  amounted  to  upwards  of 
;^5oo,  and  requesting  that  another  hundred  be  added  to  the 
total  sum.  This  was  done  by  adding  £s  to  each  of  the 

Mr  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  on  the  30th  of  September,  1829, 
gave  notice  of  a  motion  he  meant  to  bring  forward  at  the 
next  meeting:  that  at  the  meeting  in  July  next,  ladies 
should  be  invited  to  attend,  it  being  understood  that  any 
gentleman  bringing  a  lady  should  pay  six  shillings.  The 
motion  was  seconded  by  Elliot  of  Harwood.  This  was  a 
novel  proposal,  and  it  was  much  discussed.  Some  ungallant 
members  evidently  thought  that  if  ladies  were  present  it 
would  place  them  on  their  good  behaviour,  and  curtail  much 
of  their  freedom;  others  were  strongly  opposed  to  such  an 
innovation  on  principle;  and  Mr  Elliot's  motion  narrowly 
escaped  defeat.  The  managing  committee  were  requested  at 
the  meeting  of  the  23d  of  April,  1830,  to  concert  measures 


for  the  proper  reception  and  amusement  of  the  ladies  who 
were  to  be  invited  to  the  Jedforest  Club  in  July.  The  ladies 
received  cards  of  invitation  from  the  members  of  the  Club  to 
dine  with  them  on  the  last  Wednesday  of  the  month,  and 
every  arrangement  had  been  made,  when,  alas !  George  the 
Fourth  died  on  the  26th  of  June.  The  committee  of  the 
Club  issued  the  following  circular: — **The  committee  are  of 
opinion  that  on  account  of  the  lamented  death  of  King 
George  the  Fourth,  of  blessed  memory,  the  invitation  to  the 
ladies  to  dine  with  the  Club  on  the  last  Wednesday  of  this 
month  should  be  postponed." 

The  freeholders  of  the  county  of  Roxburgh  met  in  the 
town  hall  at  Jedburgh  on  the  19th  of  August,  1830,  to  elect  a 
representative  in  Parliament.  Charles  Riddell  of  Muselee 
was  president,  and  the  clerk  was  William  Rutherfurd.  After 
the  usual  routine,  George  Baillie  of  Jerviswoode  proposed  the 
re-election  of  Henry  Francis  Scott,  younger,  of  Harden,  and 
the  motion  being  seconded  by  Sir  Walter  Scott,  Bart.,  of 
Abbotsford,  Mr  Scott  was  unanimously  elected. 

The  short  reign  of  William  IV.  is  chiefly  to  be  remem- 
bered for  the  political  storm  which  accompanied  the  passing 
of  the  Reform  Bill  of  1832.  In  that  year  also  died  the 
greatest  of  Roxburghshire  lairds,  Sir  Walter  Scott,  Bart.,  of 
Abbotsford.  There  can  be  but  few  Scotsmen  who  have  not 
read  his  novels,  and  Lockhart's  biography  of  him  is,  to  all 
persons  of  education,  a  model  of  what  that  kind  of  literature 
should  be.  Readers  of  this  book  know  well  how  large  a 
space  is  occupied  by  the  border  counties  of  Scotland  in  these 
writings.  The  history,  archaeology,  and  topography  of  the 
district  are  constantly  introduced,  and  even  the  domestic 
animals  of  the  country  are  not  disregarded.  In  the  novel  of 
Guy  Mannering,  published  in  181 5,  he  mentions  the  pepper- 
and-mustard  terriers  and  their  owner,  James  Davidson, 
farmer,  Hyndlee,  to  whom  he  gives  the  name  of  Dandie 
Dinmont  of  Charlie's  Hope.  Davidson  was  a  keen  sports- 
man of  the  Liddesdale  type ;  he  regularly  hunted  the  fox 
with  a  few  hounds,  which  he  kept  in  the  dale  for  that  pur- 


pose ;  and  being  swift  of  foot  he  was  always  well  to  the  front, 
and  the  terriers,  his  faithful  companions  on  all  occasions, 
assisted  in  the  sport.  Scott,  his  shepherd,  who  lived  in  a 
cottage  at  Singdon,  on  the  roadside  not  very  far  from  Hynd- 
lee,  was  also  an  inveterate  foxhunter,  and  his  room  was 
ornamented  with  trophies  of  the  chase.  Long  after  David- 
son's death  he  continued  to  reside  on  the  farm,  and  was  alive 
in  1 85 1.  Dandie  Dinmont  terriers  became  very  fashionable, 
orders  coming  to  Davidson  from  all  parts  of  the  kingdom, 
^  and  he  found  it  quite  impossible  to  supply  the  demand. 
/\^^  Alexf^pdftT  Davidson,  farmer   in   Swinnie,  a  great-nephew, 

now  represents  the  family.  Mr  Davidson  is  well  known 
with  the  Jedforest  hounds,  and  his  terriers  are  of  the  true 

A  meeting  held  on  the  19th  of  November,  1834,  ^^^ 
remarkable  in  the  annals  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  The  chair 
was  occupied  by  General  Elliot  of  Rosebank,  at  the  request 
of  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  who  was  himself  unable  to  attend. 
The  members  present  were  as  follows : — 

General  Elliot  of  Rosebank,  Chairman  (Hanvood) ; 

Sir  William  Scott  of  Ancram,  Croupier  ; 

Captain  Elliot,  Royal  Navy  (Harwood) ; 

William  Ogilvib  of  Chesters ; 

Major  Archibald  Oliver  of  Bush  (Dinlabyre) ; 

William  Oliver  Ruthbrfurd  of  Edgerston  (and  Dinlabyre). 

Thomas  Scott,  Lethem  (Peel) ; 

Walter  Scott  of  Wauchope; 

Archibald  Jbrdon  of  Bonjedward ; 

Archibald  Dickson  of  Huntlaw; 

Captain  Walter  Rutherfurd; 

William  Bell  of  Hunthill ; 

James  Elliot  of  Wolflee; 

George  Pott  of  Dodd ; 

Robert  Ker  Elliot,  yr.,  of  Harwood ; 

Thomas  Stavert  of  Hoscote ; 

John  Paton  of  Crailing ; 

William  Fair  of  Langlee; 

Samuel  Oliver.  Whitehill  (Dinlabyre) ; 

John  Chisholm  of  Stirches; 

Gilbert  Eliott,  Lieut,  half-pay  R.A.  (Stobs); 

William  Mein  of  Ormiston. 

At  this  dinner  there  were  also  three  guests,  one  of  whom, 


Robert  Elliot,  son  of  James  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  only  died 
three  years  ago,  in  his  90th  year.  The  first  member  for 
Roxburghshire,  after  the  passing  of  the  Reform  Bill  in  1832, 
was  Captain  the  Honourable  George  Elliot,  R.N.,  a  son  of 
Lord  Minto.  One  of  the  ''  standing  toasts "  of  the  Club 
after  the  wine  had  been  circulated  was  *^  The  Member  of 
Parliament  for  the  County.*'  General  Elliot  of  Rosebaiik, 
who  occupied  the  chair,  and  was  a  confirmed  tory,  purposely 
neglected  to  propose  the  toast,  of  which  he  was  speedily 
reminded  by  the  whig  croupier,  Sir  William  Scott  of  Ancrum. 
At  this  time  political  opinions  ran  very  high,  and  there  was 
much  ill-feeling  and  bitterness  between  the  rival  factions. 
To  Sir  William's  hint,  the  General,  who  rose  from  his  seat, 

replied — "  he  would  be  d d  first,  sooner  than  propose  the 

toast,"  and  at  the  same  time  turned  his  wine  glass  upside 
down.  This  act  was  followed  by  several  other  tories  present, 
and  Sir  William  Scott,  followed  by  all  the  whig  members, 
rose  from  the  table  and  left  the  room.  As  a  result,  many 
members  left  the  Club.  The  secretary,  at  the  next  meeting, 
gave  notice  of  the  resignation  of  Lord  Minto,  Gilbert  Eliott, 
Sir  William  Scott,  Bart.,  Archibald  Jerdon,  James  Elliot  of 
Wolflee,  William  and  Robert  Bell,  Hunthill,  and  several 
others.  The  meeting  accepted  their  resignation  and  in- 
structed the  secretary  to  remove  their  names  from  the  list 
of  members.  For  some  time  after  this  unfortunate  affair 
nothing  of  any  consequence  took  plkce  in  the  annals  of  the 
Club;  the  vacancies  were  filled  up,  but  the  whigs  kept  aloof 
for  many  years  afterwards. 

The  committee  for  managing  the  affairs  of  the  Club 
assembled  at  the  Spread  Eagle  for  the  purpose  of  examin- 
ing the  treasurer's  accounts  on  the  loth  of  June,  1838,  and 
reported  the  funds  to  be  in  a  prosperous  state.  At  this 
period  the  rules  of  the  Club  were  strictly  enforced.  The 
Marquess  of  Lothian  was  fined  one  guinea  for  not  attending 
as  chairman,  and  at  the  same  meeting  Mr  Chisholm  of 
Stirches  was  fined  half  a  guinea  for  not  being  in  the  uni- 
form of  the  Club. 



In  1839  the  members  of  th6  Jedforest  Club  considered 
it  highly  desirable  that  the  long  projected  meeting  between 
the  Forest  Club  (Selkirk)  and  their  own  should  take  place 
at  St  Boswells  Green.  A  committee  which  was  appointed 
in  view  of  the  meeting  consisted  of  William  Ogilvie  of 
Chesters,  Thomas  Stavert  of  Hoscote,  and  John  Chisholm 
of  Stirches.  Friday  the  6th  of  September  being  fixed  by 
a  joint  committee,  the  two  Border  clubs  assembled  by 
mutual  invitation.  Being  the  first  occasion  on  which  they 
had  ever  met  as  a  body  to  hold  a  festive  meeting,  the 
attendance  was  large,  comprising  a'  number  of  the  landed 
proprietors  of  the  counties  of  Roxburgh  and  Selkirk.  The 
dinner  took  place  within  the  Buccleuch  Arms,  St  Bos- 
wells Green.  The  chair  was  to  have  been  taken  by  the 
Duke  of  Buccleuch,  but  in  the  absence  of  his  grace,  caused 
by  the  illness  of  one  of  his  family,  it  was  filled  by  the  Hon. 
Henry  F.  Scott,  younger,  of  Harden ;  Alex.  Pringle  of 
Whytbank,  M.P.,  being  croupier.  Besides  the  ordinary 
loyal  toasts,  the  following  were  given:  —  "The  Duke  of 
Buccleuch,"  "The  Marquess  of  Lothian  and  Lord  Mon- 
tagu, Lords  -  Lieutenant  of  the  Forests;"  "The  Duke  of 
Roxburghe,"  "The  Chairman,"  "Major  Riddell  of  Dry- 
burgh  "  (father  of  the  Forest  Club) ;  "  Mr  Fair  of  Lang- 
lee"  (father  of  the  Jedforest  Club);  "The  Memory  of  Sir 
Walter  Scott,"  "  The  Duchess  of  Buccleuch  and  the 
Flowers  of  Ettrick  Forest,"  "Lord  Polwarth,"  "The  Hon. 
Mrs  Scott  and  the  Flowers  of  Jedforest,"  "  Lord  Douglas," 
"  General  Elliot  of  Rosebank,"  &c.,  &c.  The  evening  was 
spent  in  true  border  fashion,  amidst  the  greatest  cordiality 
and  good  humour.  Mr  Brown,  the  landlord  of  the  "Buc- 
cleuch Arms,*'  provided  an  excellent  dinner,  and  the  wines 
were  ordered  from  Edinburgh  by  Mr  James  Erskine. 
Robert  Renwick,  the  Jedforest  butler,  was  in  charge. 
Among  the  Jedforesters  present  on  this  occasion  were:  — 
W.  Oliver  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston,  W.  Fair  of  Langlee, 
W.  Scott  of  Wauchope,  Scott  of  Peel,  J.  Scott,  yr.,  of 
Teviotbank ;  D.  Brown,   Hundalee ;  Dickson  of  Huntlaw, 


George  Pott  of  Knowesouth,  A.  Stavert  of  Hoscote,  Major 
Oliver  of  Bush,  Samuel  Oliver,  Whitehill;  John  Riddell, 
Ogilvie  of  Cbesters,  J.  Chisholm  of  Stirches,  Home  of  Ben- 
rig,  John  Scotland,  factor  to  Lord  Douglas ;  Sheriff  Craigie, 
Bruce  of  •  Laiitglee,  Ker  of  Gateshaw,  Lieut. -General  Elliot 
of  Rosebank,  Major  Pringle,  M'Duff  Rhind,  advocate; 
Pringle  Shortreede,  and  Charles  Kerr. 

The  committee  of  management  of  the  Club,  having  been 
informed  that  Her  Majesty  the  Queen  will  visit  Scotland 
during  the  end  of  August,  1842,  on  which  occasion  the 
gentlemen  of  Roxburghshire  will  be  absent  from  the  county, 
was  therefore  of  opinion  that  the  Club  meeting  advertised 
to  take  place  at  the  end  of  August  should  be  postponed. 
The  meeting  did  not  take  place  until  the  last  Wednesday  in 
September.  At  this  meeting  a  notice  was  received  from  the 
two  Miss  Laings,  who  had  catered  for  the  Club  for  some 
years,  that  they  were  about  to  retire  from  the  business.  In 
the  circular  announcing  the  next  meeting,  the  secretary,  by 
the  order  of  the  committee,  requested  a  full  attendance  of 
members,  to  testify  their  sense  of  the  uniform  good  cheer 
and  comfortable  arrangements  which  had  long  been  pro- 
vided for  the  Club  by  that  family. 

In  1843  Mr  Scotland,  W.S.,  factor  for  the  Douglas  estates, 
was  elected  honorary  secretary  to  the  Club.  This  year  the 
wine  cellar  was  pronounced  unfit  for  the  reception  of  wines, 
on  account  of  its  being  very  damp,  and  a  new  one  in  the 
Spread  Eagle  was  ordered  to  be  constructed,  at  an  expense 
not  exceeding  £20. 

The  burgh  of  Jedburgh  had  gradually  been  getting  into 
financial  difficulties  for  some  years,  and  in  1844  a  crisis  took 
place  in  their  money  affairs.  The  crisis  was  hastened  by  an 
expensive  lawsuit,  which  had  been  going  on  for  some  time — 
'*  The  burgh  against  the  bakers  and  meal -dealers.'*  At  this 
time  the  town  owned  the  mills,  with  the  thirlage  and  other 
privileges  thereto  belonging,  and  in  defence  of  its  rights  and 
emoluments  the  authorities  found  it  absolutely  necessary  to 
appeal  to  the  law.     In  the  spring  of  the  following  year  the 


Magistrates  were  reluctantly  compelled  to  advertise  for  sale 
some  of  the  property  of  the  burgh,  and  the  following  notice 
appeared  in  the  newspapers: — 

'*  Judicial  Sale  of  Properties  belonging  to  the  Burgh  of 
Jedburgh.  To  be  sold  by  Public  Auction  within  the  Parlia- 
ment or  New  Session  house  of  Edinburgh,  upon  Wednesday 
the  28th  day  of  May,  1845,  &c.  •  •  with  concurrence  of 
Her  Majesty's  advocate  against  the  Provost,  Magistrates, 
and  Town  Council  of  the  Burgh  of  Jedburgh,  as  representing 
the  community  thereof  and  the  creditors  of  the  said  burgh.*' 

At  this  sale  the  abbey,  town,  and  east  mills  were  sold, 
and  also  the  waulk  mill  occupied  by  Messrs  Hilson.  Among 
the  smaller  lots  offered  for  sale  was  the  old  gaol  and  gaoler's 
house.  It  seems  a  curious  arrangement  in  this  lot,  to  retain 
the  steeple  and  sell  the  lower  portion  of  the  building.  It  was 
stipulated  in  the  agreement  for  free  access  to  ring  the  public 
bells  and  regulate  the  town  clock.  It  is  only  fair  to  the 
Magistrates  of  Jedburgh  at  this  time  to  state  that  the 
financial  difficulties  which  they  experienced  were  the  result 
of  liabilities  contracted  many  years  before,  as  the  debts  due 
from  the  burgh  in  1833  amounted  to  ;^5223,  i8s  4d — vide 
report  on  the  burgh  of  Jedburgh. 

During  many  years  the  episcopal  church  had  only  in 
Roxburghshire  a  local  habitation  at  Kelso.  On  the  15th  of 
August,  1844,  ^  church  at  Jedburgh,  dedicated  to  St  John 
the  Evangelist,  was  consecrated  by  the  diocesan,  the  Bishop 
of  Glasgow,  assisted  by  the  Bishops  of  Moray  and  Aber- 
deen. The  sermon  was  preached  by  Dr  Hook,  of  Leeds, 
afterwards  Dean  of  Chichester;  and  among  those  who 
attended  the  function  were  the  Marquess  of  Lothian  and 
his  mother,  Lord  Henry  Kerr,  the  Hon.  Mr  Talbot,  the 
Hon.  Mr  Boyle,  the  Hon.  Mr  Walpole,  the  Hon.  and 
Rev.  J.  Grey,  the  Hqn.  and  Rev.  F.  R.  Grey,  Archdeacon 
R.  I.  Wilberforce,  the  Rev.  W,  Dodsworth,  and  the  great- 
est churchman  in  the  Anglican  communion,  the  Rev.  John 
Keble.  The  collection  at  the  consecration  exceeded  a  hun- 
dred pounds.    The  church  owes  much  to  the  munificence 


of  the  Kerrs.  The  stained  glass  in  the  chancel  window  to 
the  north  was  placed  there  by  the  young  Marquess  of 
Lothian,  and  that  in  the  eastern  one  has  been  erected  to 
the  memory  of  the  late  Marquess  by  his  widow.  The 
screen  was  made  by  one  of  the  workmen  at  Monteviot. 
The  Queen  -  dowager  presented  the  white  marble  pulpit; 
Dean  Ramsay  the  lectern,  and  the  stained  glass  window 
near  it  was  the  gift  of  Mrs  Cleghorn,  of  Weens.  When 
the  site  of  the  church  was  purchased  from  Provost  Deans, 
a  portion  of  the  ground  was  occupied  by  a  small  hosiery 
manufactory.  "The  Brae,"  the  residence  of  the  incum- 
bent of  St  John's,  was  built  by  a  Mr  Dickson,  an 
Edinburgh  merchant.  It  was  occupied  in  succession  by 
Captain  Mitford,  R.N.  (afterwards  Admiral  Mitford  of 
Hunmauby  Hall,  Yorks,  and  of  Mitford  Castle,  North- 
umberland) ;  by  Major  Elliot  of  Harwood,  who  died 
there  in  1835 ;  and  by  the  widow  of  Major  Oliver  of 
Bush;  and  was  purchased  by  Rev.  S.  White.  There 
have  been  six  incumbents  of  St  John's — The  Rev.  W. 
Spranger  White,  14th  December,  1843;  Rev,  Arthur  C. 
Tarbutt,  agth  November,  1850 ;  Rev.  James  Turnock,  5th 
January,  1858 ;  The  Very  Rev.  J.  Moir,  i8th  February, 
1862;  Rev.  E.  H.  Molesworth,  26th  December,  1889;  ^"^ 
the  Rev.  C.  Dalhousie  Ramsay,  13th  September,  1897. 

James  M.  Balfour,  M.P.  for  the  Haddington  district  of 
burghs,  invited  his  constituents  to  dine  with  him  at  Jed- 
burgh on  Friday,  November  20th,  1845.  About  a  hundred 
and  twenty-five  sat  down  to  dinner  in  the  large  room  of 
the  Spread  Eagle.  Mr  Balfour  occupied  the  chair,  and 
Andrew  Mein  of  Hunthill,  in  the  absence  of  Provost  Mein 
from  indisposition,  officiated  as  croupier. 

The  old  Club  butler,  Robert  Renwick,  resigned  his  post 
in  1846,  much  to  the  regret  of  all  the  members. 

The  Magistrates  of  Jedburgh,  in  the  year  1849,  at- 
tempted to  put'  a  stop  to  the  old  border  game  of  ball  in  the 
street  of  Jedburgh  on  Candlemas  day.  Their  action  was 
resented  by  a  certain  portion  of  the  inhabitants,  and  the 


case  was  tried  before  a  full  bench  of  the  High  Court  in 
Edinburgh.  Mr  Pattison,  advocate,  opened  the  case  for 
the  ball  players,  and  finished  by  saying  that  the  right  to 
play  at  ball  on  the  Borders,  and  by  Jedburgh  in  particular, 
had  existed  for  some  hundred  of  years,  and  could  not  be 
taken  from  the  inhabitants  by  any  act  of  police.  George 
Deas,  advocate,  followed  for  the  Magistrates,  and  main- 
tained in  a  long  and  eloquent  speech  the  correctness  of  their 
behaviour.  The  discussion  lasted  about  three  hours^  after 
which  the  court  unanimously  ruled  in  favour  of  the  ball 
players,  and  found  them  entitled  to  all  expenses.  On  the 
news  reaching  Jedburgh  in  the  evening,  there  was  much 
ado  among  the  youths,  great  satisfaction  being  felt  that 
they  had  defeated  the  local  magnates.  An  impromptu  pro- 
cession was  quickly  formed,  and  it  perambulated  the  town, 
headed  by  a  drummer  and  a  few  fifes,  with  a  man  carrying 
a  ball  decorated  with  ribands  at  the  top  of  a  pole. 

The  militia  which  had  been  embodied  on  the  outbreak 
of  the  Russian  war  to  take  the  place  of  the  regular  troops 
serving  in  the  Crimea  were  quartered  and  doing  duty  in 
various  parts  of  the  kingdom.  On  the  8th  of  October,  1855, 
the  town-clerk  laid  before  the  Council  an  intimation  from 
Captain  Noake,  stating  that  a  company  of  Roxburgh  and 
Dumfries  militia  would  march  into  Jedburgh  on  the  12th, 
and  be  stationed  there  till  further  orders ;  and  requiring  the 
necessary  billets  for  the  men. 

The  branch  railway  to  Jedburgh  was  completed  in  1856. 
Mr  William  Hartley  was  appointed  in  that  year  station- 
master.  After  some  years*  service  in  Jedburgh,  he  was 
promoted  to  the  busy  station  of  Galashiels.  He  held  this 
new  appointment  only  for  about  a  couple  of  weeks,  and 
returned  to  Jedburgh,  which  he  preferred,  and  where  he 
continued  as  stationnfaster  until  his  death  in  1896. 

Robert  Laing,  who  succeeded  Samuel  Wood  as  town-clerk 
in  1839,  resigned  office  in  1856.  James  Stedman,  J.  P.  clerk 
(elected  in  1845),  was  proposed  by  Councillor  Alexander 
Jeffi'ey  as  a  fit  and  proper  person  to  fill  the  office.     It  was 


then  put  to  the  vote,  when  Mr  James  Stedman  was  elected 
town  or  common  clerk  of  the  burgh  by  a  majority  of  two 
votes  over  two  other  candidates.  He  still  holds  both  the 
above  offices.  Mr  Stedman  is  the  son  of  Captain  James 
Stedman  of  the  Cameronians,  by  Sophia,  only  daughter  and 
heiress  of  James  Mercer  of  Broomhill. 

Mr  Jeffrey,  who  proposed  him,  has  frequently  been  men- 
tioned in  this  volume  as  the  historian  of  Roxburghshire. 
He  was  personally  known  to  the  writer,  who  cannot  bring 
this  chapter  to  a  close  without  devoting  a  few  lines  to 
him.  Alexander  Jeffrey  was  the  son  of  Alexander  Jeffrey 
and  Janet  Smeaton  his  wife,  and  was  born  in  1806  near 
Bewlie.  He  was  one  of  a  large  family,  and  as  a  boy 
worked  at  Lilliesleaf  mill;  but  he  always  had  a  taste  for 
reading,  which  made  it  hard  for  him  to  occupy  himself 
with  manual  labour.  About  the  year  1825  he  entered 
the  office  of  Mr  Curie,  Melrose,  in  which  he  remained 
for  more  than  a  year.  He  desired  to  become  a  lawyer, 
but  it  was  not  until  1838  that  he  was  admitted  a  solicitor 
before  the  Sheriff  Court  of  Roxburghshire.  Jeffrey  was 
an  able  lawyer,  and  thoroughly  conversant  with  the 
mysteries  of  his  profession.  He  showed  extraordinary 
skill  in  defending  what  others  considered  hopeless  cases. 
From  his  early  youth  he  was  fond  of  old  Border  tradi- 
tions and  antiquities,  and  after  upwards  of  twenty  years' 
research  among  dusty  records  and  old  parchments,  he 
produced  **The  History  and  Antiquities  of  Roxburghshire." 
He  died  in  November,  1874,  aged  68,  and  is  buried  in  the 
Abbey  Churchyard.  Mr  George  Hilson  wrote  a  memoir  of 
him  in  the  **  Proceedings  of  the  Berwickshire  Naturalists  for 
^^75«"  Jeffrey's  name  will  never  be  forgotten;  his  book 
has  become  scarce,  and  is  a  valuable  county  history. 

In  1867,  the  ball-room  at  the  Spread  Eagle  in  which  the 
Club  used  to  dine,  and  which  had  been  constructed  with 
money  borrowed  from  certain  members  of  the  Club  in  1828,  - 
was  considered   by  Mr  Scott,  the  owner  of  the  house,  to 
occupy  too  much  space.     The  Club,  also  finding  the  room 


inconveniently  large  for  their  comfort,  and  considering  that 
a  smaller  one  would  suffice  for  their  requirements,  voted 
a  sum  of  ;^20  to  assist  Mr  Scott  in  defraying  the  expense 
of  alteration. 

In  terms  approved  at  an  earlier  meeting,  William  Oliver 
Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston  proposed  that  Robert  K.  Elliot  * 
of  Harwood,  Captain  Cleghorn  of  Weens,  and  Gideon  Pott 
of  Dodd  be  appointed  as  a  committee  for  the  purpose  of 
revising  the  rules  and  amending  them,  in  accordance  with 
modern  tastes  and  requirements.  The  Club  meeting  took 
place  in  October,  1867,  and  from  that  date  a  marked 
improvement  took  place  in  the  Club  dinners  and  everything 
connected  with  the  society. 

Among  the  benefactors  of  Jedburgh  the  name  of  John 
Tinline  will  be  long  remembered.  He  presented  in  1891  a 
public  park  to  the  burgh.  It  consists  of  twelve  acres  of 
land,  finely  situated,  and  in  close  proximity  to  the  town. 
Mr  Tinline  has  built  a  handsome  entrance,  and  has  named 
it  Allerley  Well  Park.  After  the  presentation  by  Mr 
Tinline,  the  Provost,  Magistrates,  and  Town  Council  met  in 
the  court  room.  County  Buildings,  and  conferred  the  freedom 
of  the  burgh  on  Mr  John  Tinline,  the  donor.  He  is  a  native 
of  Jedburgh,  and  was  educated  at  the  Grammar  School, 
under  Mr  Burnett.  His  father,  originally,  filled  a  post  in 
the  Canongate  of  Jedburgh,  and  afterwards  removed  to  the 
farm  of  Hundalee  Mill.  Young  Tinline  was  employed  in 
the  law  office  of  Messrs  Rutherford  &  Thomson.  He  left 
Jedburgh  at  the  age  of  twenty,  in  1839,  and  proceeded  to 
the  then  infant  colony  of  New  Zealand,  where  he  filled  the 
responsible  government  office  of  sheriff  of  the  province  of 
Nelson  for  five  years.  He  is  a  man  of  much  energy,  and 
enterprise  has  always  marked  his  character.  Jedburgh 
people  are  remarkable  for  the  affection  they  bear  to  their 

^  Robert  Ker  Elliot  died  in  1873,  and  his  vacancy  on  the  committee  was 
filled  by  his  nephew,  Major  James  Paton'of  Crailing ;  the  other  two  still 
remain  on  the  committee  of  management  (1898),  having  been  several  times 



native  town,  and  Mr  Tinline's  noble  gift  will  be  a  lasting 
memorial  to  bis  love  of  home. 

In  1897  ^^^  Marquess  of  Lothian  proposed  to  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Jedforest  Club  that  one  full  dress  dinner  at  7 
P.M.  be  held  in  each  year,  and  this  was  unanimously 
approved.  The  Marquess  further  intimated  that  he  was 
willing  to  occupy  the  chair  at  the  said  ditlner. 

1897  will  be  always  associated  with  Her  Majesty  the. 
Queen,  as  being  the  year  of  her  Diamond  Jubilee.  An  extra 
dinner  was  held  in  her  honour  by  the  Jedforesters,  the  hour 
of  dining  being  7  p.m.  The  Marquess  of  Lothian,  wearing 
the  Order  of  the  Thistle,  with  Lord  Stratheden  and  General 
Sprot,  sat  at  the  head  of  the  table.  The  Earl  of  Dalkeith 
was  croupier,  and  on  his  right  sat  the  Earl  of  Minto. 
These  noblemen  and  gentlemen  all  took  part  in  the  speeches 
and  toasts  that  followed,  and  the  meeting  was  largely 
attended.  The  Earl  of  Dalkeith,  on  learning  that  Gideon 
Pott  of  Knowesouth  (father  of  the  Club)  had  been  a  member 
for  fifty  years,  at  once  proposed  his  health,  and  it  was 
drunk  with  all  honours. 


FROM  i8io. 

1  The  Earl  of  Ancram.  afterwards  6th  Marquess  of 

Lothian,  the  founder  of  the  Club.     . 

2  Lord  Robert  Kerr,      .... 

3  The  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot,  afterwards  Earl  of  Minto 

4  Sir  John  Scott  of  Ancrum,  Bart., 

5  John  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston. 

6  W.  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre,  late  Sheriff  of  the  county, 

7  Colonel  Henry  Erskine.  8th  of  Shielfield,    . 

8  Major  John  Rutherfurd  of  Mossburnford,   . 




9    Thomas  P.  Ainslie  of  Ovenvells. 
zo    Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward, 

11  James  Elliot,  W.S.,  Younger  of  Woollee, 

12  James  Paton  of  Crailing, 

13  William  Fair  of  Langlee. 

14  William  Ogilvie,  younger,  of  Chesters, 

15  Peter  Brown  of  Rawflat, 

16  Charles  Robson  of  Samieston» 

17  W.  Oliver,  younger,  of  Dinlabyre.  Sheriff  of  the 

county.  .... 

18  Walter  Scott  of  Wauchope.  . 

19  Thomas  Scott,  younger,  of  Peel, 

20  Robert  Shortreed.  Sheriff-Substitute, 

21  Charles  Erskine,  afterwards  9th  of  Shielfield, 

22  James  Henderson,  Writer  in  Jedburgh. 

23  John  Robson.  Chatto,  brother  of  Samieston. . 

24  John  Riddell.  Timpendean  (Muselee), 

25  William  John.  5th  Marquess  of  Lothian.     . 

26  Henry.  3rd  Duke  of  Buccleuch, 

27  Lord  Douglas  of  Douglas  Castle, 

28  Lord  Dalkeith,  afterwards  Charles  William  Henry. 

4th  Duke  of  Buccleuch, 

29  Colonel  the  Hon.  Archibald   Douglas,  afterwards 

Lord  Douglas.   .... 

30  David  Blount.  Quartermaster.  Local  Militia. 

31  Thomas  Riddell.  younger,  of  Camieston. 

32  Captain  Williamson.  Adjutant.  Local  Militia. 

33  Samuel  Charters  Somerville,  W.S..  of  Lowood 

34  Alexander  Don.  afterwards  Sir  Alex.  Don.  Bart.. 

35  William  Scott  of  Wool, 

36  Vice-Admiral  Lord  Mark  Kerr. 

37  William  Elliot  of  Harwood, 

^S    William  Somerville,  M.D.,  son  of  Thomas  Somer 
ville.  D.D.,         .... 

39  Adam  Scott  of  Arkleton  (Scott  Elliot), 

40  Colonel  Elliot  Lockhart   of   Borthwickbrae   and 

Cleghom,  .... 

41  The  Rev.  Thomas  Somerville,  D.D.,  of  Jedburgh, 

42  George  Scott  Elliot  of  Lariston, 

43  Archibald  Dickson  of  Hassendeanburn. 

44  William  Bell.  Hunthill, 

45  George  Pott  of  Dodd, 

46  George  Cl^hom,  Weens, 

47  James,  5th  Duke  of  Roxburghe. 

.48  Lord  Newbattle,  afterwards  John.  7th  Marquess 
of  Lothian,        ..... 

49  Robert  Bell,  Advocate,  son  of  Benjamin  Bell  of 
Hunthill,  ..... 














50  Captain  James  Cleghorn  of  Weens,    late  Royal 

North  British  Fusileers,  1813 

51  Major  John  Murray,  Abbeygreen,  Jedburgh,  late 

20th  Regiment,  .  .1814 

52  Lieut-General  the  Hon.  David  Leslie,  18 14 

53  Captain  Robert  Elliot,  Royal   Navy,  afterwards 

Admiral  Elliot,  .  .1814 

54  John  Oliver,  brother  of  the  Sheriff  (Dinlabyre).     .  18 15 

55  General  Henry  Elliot  of  Rosebank.  near  Kelso,  18x5 

56  Lieut-Colonel  John  Ainslie  of  Teviotgrove.  "^ '  18 15 

57  William  Rutherfurd.  Sheriff-Clerk.  1815 

58  Colonel  William  Sibbald  of  Pinnacle.  1817 

59  Henry  Morton  of  Benington  (no  information),  1817 

60  William  Mein  of  Ormiston,  1818 

61  Charles  Ker  of  Gateshaw,  afterwards  Sir  Charles 

Ker,            ....••  loio 

62  Thomas  Shortreed,  Procurator-Fiscal,  18 19 

63  Doctor  James  Grant,  Jedburgh,        .  .  .1819 

64  Captain  John  Rutherfurd  of  Knowesouth.   .  18 19 

65  Charles  Chisholm  of  Chisholm,                    .            .  1819 

66  Archibald    Douglas,    younger,   of   Midshiels  and 

Adderstonshiels.            ....  1820 

67  Captain  Michael  Edwin  Fell.  The  Holmes.  1820 

68  Dr    Gavin    Hilson,  Jedburgh,  late  Surgeon    4th 

Dragoons,          .....  1820 

69  Sir  John  James  Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Springwood 

Park.      ......  1821 

70  Thomas  Stavert,  younger,  of  Hoscote,  1821 

71  Gilbert  Eliott,  Wells,  Lieut,  (half-pay),  R.A..  1822 

72  David  Brown  of  Rawflat,       ....  1823 

73  Adam  Walker,  younger,  of  Muirhouselaw,              .  1824 

74  John  Castell  Hopkins  of  Rowchester,  1824 

75  Peter  Forbes,  Lieutenant  (half -pay),  1826 

76  Mr  Ambrose,  Birseslees  (no  information),   .  1826 

77  Sir  Thomas  Sidney  Beckwith,  K.C.B..  1826 

78  Major  Archibald  Oliver  of  Bush.  1826 

79  Sir  William  Scott  of  Ancrum,  Bart.,  1826 

80  Henry  Francis  Scott,  younger,  of  Harden,  after- 

wards Lord  Polwarth,  1827 

8i    George  Scott,  Writer,  Jedburgh,  1827 

82  Captain  Ross,  Hunthill,  afterwards  Lieut.-General 

J.  K.  Ross,  K.H.,           ....  1828 

83  John  Paton  of  Crailing,          ....  1828 

84  Francis  Home,  younger,  of  Cowdenknowes,  1829 

85  Robert  Kerr  Elliot,  younger,  of  Harwood,  .  1829 

86  Robert  H.  Elliot,  R.N.,  The  Cottage,  Jedburgh.     .  1829 

87  John  Scott,  Lethem,              ....  1829 

88  Captain  Pringle,  H.E.I.C.S.,  afterwards  Major,     .  1829 



89  Samuel  Oliver.  WhitehiU  (Dinlabyre). 

90  William  Scott  of  Teviotbank. 

91  I-ord  John  Scott, 

92  William  H.  Scott,  Harden,   . 

93  John  Chisholm  of  Stirches, 

94  Captain  Walter  Rutherfuni,  H.E.I.C.S., 

95  Colonel  Alexander  Cumming, 

96  Macduff  Rhind,  Advocate.  Edinburgh, 

97  John  Millar,  of  Stewartfield,  Jedburgh, 

98  Walter  Francis,  5th  Duke  of  Buocleuch 

99  Alexander  Pringle  of  Why t bank, 

00  Charles  Kerr,  East  India  Merchant,  London, 

01  Donald  Home,  W.S  ,  Benrig,  St  Boswells, 

02  John  Scotland,  W.S.,  Glendouglas, 

03  John  Craigie,  Sheriff-Substitute,  Jedbank, 

04  John  Scott  of  Teviotbank,     . 

05  Francis  Scott,  Harden,  afterwards  M.P.  for   the 

county,  .... 

06  Charles  Baillie,  Advocate,  (Lord  Jerviswoode), 

07  Thomas   Bruce   of    Langlee,    Depute    Clerk    of 


08  James  Dickson  of  Houseb3rres, 

09  James  Dickson  of  Alton  and  Pinnadehill,   . 

10  George  Hut  ton  of  Carlton,    . 

1 1  William  Kerr  of  Gateshaw,   . 

12  Pringle  Shortreed,  H.E.I.C.S.. 

13  William  Grieve,  Branxholm  Park,    . 

14  William  Oliver  Rutherfurd,  younger,  of  Edgerston. 

15  Alex.  Thomson  of  Hiltonshill  (no  information), 

16  William  Watson  of  Bumhead, 

17  Thomas  Macmillan  Scott  of  Wauchope, 

18  Harvey  Vachell,  Stewartfield,  late  30th  Foot  (no 

information),      .... 

19  R.  C.  Nisbet  of  Tweedbank  (no  information), 

20  John  Henderson,  younger,  of  Abbotrule, 

21  James  Maitland  Balfour,  M.P., 

22  James  Gilfillan  of  Cowdenknowes,    . 

23  James  Scott  of  Whitehaugh, 

24  Archibald  John  Oliver  Rutherfurd,  93rd  Regiment, 

25  John  Lang  of  Overwells, 

26  Nicholas  Dodd  of  Bellshield  (Mossburnford), 

27  Archibald  Gerard  of  Rochsoles, 

28  Captain  William  Shortreed,  H.E.I.C.S.,     . 

29  James  Giles  of  Kailzie, 

30  The  Hon.  John  Talbot, 

31  Charles  Scott  of  Langlee  and  Howcleuch,  . 

32  William  Scott  of  Eastfield  (no  information), 

33  Gideon  Pott,  younger,  of  Dodd  (now  father  of  the 

Club),  .... 


































134  Major  Forbes,  Bonjedward  (no  information), 

135  Robert  Henderson,  Abbotrule, 

136  James  E.  Shortreed  Fair  of  Langlee, 

137  James  Stevenson,  Procurator-Fiscal, 
Z38  Christopher  Douglas,  W.S.,  of  Chesterhouse, 

139  William  8th  Marquess  of  Lothian,   . 

140  James  James  of  Samieston,   . 

141  Dr  Frank  Douglas.  H.E.I. C.S., 

142  William  Scott  Henderson,  W.S.,  Abbotrule, 

143  Sir  George  H.  S.  Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Springwood 

144  David  Henderson  of  Abbotrule. 

145  Thomas  Robson  Scott  of  Newton,    . 

146  Dr  James  Robson  Scott  of  Ashtrees, 

147  Sir  Walter  ElUot  of  Wolflee,  K.C.S.I.. 

148  Captain  George  Cleghorn  of  Weens,  Royal  Scots 

Greys  (now  Tancred), 

149  John  Brack  Boyd  of  Cherrytrees,     . 

150  David  Pringle  of  Wilton  Lodge, 

151  Archibald  Jerdon,  Collector  of  County  Rates,  Jed 

burgh,     ..... 

152  Francis  Russell,  Sheriff-Substitute,  Jedbank. 

153  Major  Paton,   younger,   of  Crailing,  4th   (King'i 

Own)  Regiment, 

154  Robert  B.  Maconachie  of  Gattonside, 

155  Sir  William  Scott,  Bart.,  of  Ancrum, 

156  James  Charles  Cleghorn,  Weens  (late  7th  Madras 

Cavalry),  .... 

157  Henry  Rutherfurd  of  Fairnington,   . 

158  George  Baird  of  Stichef, 

159  Thomas  Gordon,  Hartrigge, . 

160  Edward  Heron-Maxwell  of  Tevlotbank, 

161  Colonel  John  Briggs,  Bonjedward,   . 

162  John  Bald,  Wells,       .... 

163  Captain  William  Scott,  younger,  of  Ancrum  (now 

Sir  W.  Scott,  Bart.),     . 

164  William  Dickson,  Wellfield,  Hawick, 

165  Lord    Schomberg    Kerr    (now    9th    Marquess  of 

Lothian),  .... 

166  Captain**  Sir  George  H.  Leith,  Bart.,  Drygrange 

(now  Leith-Buchanan). 

167  William  Richardson  Dickson  of  Alton, 

168  Sir  William  F.  Eliott,  Bart.,  of  Stobs, 

169  George  H.   Pattison,  Advocate,   Sheriff  of  Rox 

burghshire,        .... 

170  Walter  Macmillan  Scott  of  Wauchope,  Lieutenant 

The  Carabineers, 

171  James  Erskine  of  Shielfield,  Melrose, 

172  George  Pott  of  Potburn, 

173  James  Dalrymple  of  Wester  Langlee, 



















174  William  Thomas  Ormiston  of  Glenbum  Hall,  1871 

175  Captain  James  Thomas  Pringle,  R.N.,  of  Torwood- 

lee,  ......  1872 

1 76  James  Thomas  Spencer  Elliot,  younger,  of  Wolfelee,  1 873 

177  The  Marquess  of  Bowmont,  afterwards  Duke  of 

Roxburghe,        .....  1873 

178  William  Scott  Watson  of  Bumhead,  1873 

179  Colonel  Thomas  Riddell  Carre  of  Cavers  Carre,     .  1874 

180  John  Elliot  Mein  of  Hunthill,  1874 

181  David  Turnbull,  younger,  of  Fenwick,  1875 

182  William  B.  Elliot  of  Benrig,  .  1875 

183  Colonel  Archibald  Dickson  of  Chatto,  .  1876 

184  Captain  W.  Eliott  Lock  hart  of  Borthwickbrae,  1876 

185  Major  John  Elliot  Shortreed  Fair,  Overwells,  1878 

186  Charles  James  Cunningham  of  Muirhouselaw,  1879 

187  William  Brack  Boyd  of  Faldonside,  .  1879 

188  Charles  Anderson,  Hon.  Secy.,  of  Glenbum  Hall,  1880 

189  Alexander  Waddell  of  Palace,  .  1881 

190  William  Aitcheson  of  Brieryhill,  1882 

191  John  Corse  Scott  of    Sinton,   late  7th  Dragoon 

Guards.  .....  1882 

192  Captain  Edward  Palmer  Douglas  of  Cavers,  late 

Rifle  Brigade,    .....  1883 

193  The  Earl  of  Dalkeith,  ....  1884 

194  William  E.  Oliver  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston,  1885 

195  General  John  Sprot  of  Riddell,  1885 

196  Charles  W.  Dunlop  of  Whitmuirhall,  .  1885 

197  William  Henry  Walter,  6th  Duke  of  Buccleuch,     .  1886 

198  Sir  George  B.  Douglas,  Bart^,  of  Springwood  Park,  1886 

199  Peter  Speirs,  Sheriff-Substitute,  Bonjedward, 

200  Robert  B.  Anderson,  Hon.  Secy.,  of  Glenbum  Hall,  1886 

201  John  A.  Robson  Scott  of  Newton,    .  .  1886 

202  Charles  B.  Balfour  of  Newton  Don  (late  Scots 

Guards),  .....  1888 

203  James  A.  W.  Mein  of  Hunthill,  1889 

204  The  Earl  of  Dalkeith,  M.P.,  .  1889 

205  John  S.  Heron -Maxwell,  Teviotbank   (late   14th 

Hussars),  .....  1889 

206  Sir  Richard  Waldie  Griffith.   Bart.,   Hen*ersyde 

Park,      ......  1890 

207  Henry  Seton  Karr  of  Kippilaw,  M.P.,  1890 

208  Athole  Stanhope  Hay  of  Marlefield.  1891 

209  The  Earl  of  Minto,     .....  1892 

210  Thomas  Scott  Anderson  of  Ettrick  Shaws,  M.F.,   .  1892 

211  Captain  William  Heron-Maxwell  (late  the  Royal 

Fusileers),         ...  .  .  .  1892 

212  Charles  Hope  of  Cowdenknowes,  Lieut. -Colonel 
*  2nd  Batt.  V.  The  King's  Own  Scottish  Bor- 

derers,   ......  1893 


213  Major  Edward  H.  M.  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  South 

Lancashire  Regiment,  .  .  .        1893 

214  Captain  Hon.  John    Beresford  Campbell,  Cold- 

stream Guards,  ....        1894 

215  Major  Robert  Scott -Kerr  of  Chatto,   Grenadier 

Guards,  ......        1894 

216  D.  Norman  Ritchie  of  The  Holmes,  .  .  1894 

217  Alexander  Sholto  Douglas,  W.S.,  of  Gateshaw,     .  1895 

218  Lord  Jedburgh,         .....  1895 

219  Lord  Stratheden  and  Campbell,       .  .  .  1895 

220  Admiral  Sir  Henry  Fairfax,  K.C,B.,  of  Ravens- 

wood,    ......        1896 

221  Arthur  Francis  Scott  of  Howcleuch   (late  Rifle 

Brigade).  .....        1896 

222  James  Curie  of  East  Morriston,  .        1897 




TPhomas  Philip  Ainslib,  son  of  Thomas  Ainslie,  who  sue-  Thomas 
*  ceeded  to  Overwells  on  the  death  of  his  father,  figured  Ainsl?e  of 
in  Jedburgh  society  early  in  the  century.*  He  was  ex-  Overwells. 
tremely  fond  of  dress,  and  studied  every  turn  of  fashion. 
For  many  years  he  was  an  officer  of  the  Roxburgh  yeo- 
manry, and  obtained  the  rank  of  captain  in  181 9;  and  on 
his  retirement  he  was  given  the  honorary  rank  of  lieut.- 
colonel.  He  lived  for  some  time  at  Knowesouth  with  his 
mother,  who  died  there  on  30th  August,  181 2.*  When  the 
Jedforest  Club  was  first  formed,  he  was  one  of  its  chief 
supporters.  He  seems  to  have  got  into  money  difficulties 
in  1816,  as  a  meeting  of  his  creditors  took  place  in  the 
Royal  Exchange  Coffee-house,  Edinburgh.  He,  however, 
made  a  proposal  for  the  payment  in  full  of  his  whole  debts, 
which  he  carried  into  effect.  In  1821,  at  a  Club  dinner, 
given  to  commemorate  the  Coronation  day  of  George  IV., 
upon  the  standing  toast  to  the  memory  of  the  Lord  Jed- 
burgh (the  late  Marquess  of  Lothian),  *<the  donor  of  the 
horn,"  being  given  from  the  chair,  Lieut.-Colonel  Ainslie 
rose  and  delivered  a  long  and  animated  speech,  which  was 
received  with  the  greatest  enthusiasm  by  all  present.  He 
never  married.  Mr  James  Watson,  in  his  "  History  of  Jed- 
burgh Abbey,"  page  113,  mentions  the  discovery  of  the 
burial  place  of  Thomas  Ainslie  and  his  wife,  on  the 
removal  of  the  Church  from  the  Abbey,  as  follows: — 
"  They  also  came  upon  a  regularly  built  vault  of  stone, 
with  arched  roof,  in  the  north  aisle,  containing  two  coffins, 

1  Charles  Douglas  Ainslie,  youngest  son  of  Thomas  Ainslie  of  Overwells, 
died  at  Grenada  in  January »  1803. — Edin.  Adv. 

>  Colonel  Ainslie  was  related  to  Mrs  Shortreed,  who  was  a  Miss  Ainslie. 
— Vid0  Shortreed. 



one  of  lead,  the  other  of  oak;  and  as  all  remembrance  of 
the  existence  of  these  had  been  forgotten,  many  conjectures 
were  made  as  to  who  were  the  occupants.  The  mystery 
was,  however,  cleared  up.  Thomas  Philip  AinsHe  of  Over- 
wells,  in  the  parish  of  Jedburgh,  having  died  at  Newcastle, 
on  the  i8th  of  May,  1837,  application  was  made  to  the  kirk- 
session  for  permission  to  have  his  remains  laid  in  the  vault 
within  the  church,  granted  by  the  heritors  to  his  father. 
The  kirk-session  regretted  that  permission  could  not  be 
granted — **  first,  because  the  vault  was  originally  formed  to 
hold  only  the  remains  of  the  late  Mr  Ainslie  and  his  wife, 
both  of  whom  were  interred  there,  which  filled  up  the  whole 
space;  and,  second,  because  the  place  in  which  the  vault 
is  situated,  which  was  formerly  a  passage,  now  forms  part 
of  the  place  of  public  worship,  having  been  some  time  ago 
taken  in  and  seated."     Vide  Minute  of  Session. 

The  name  of  Ainslie,  which  at  one  time  was  so  common 
in  and  about  Jedburgh,  has  now  entirely  disappeared. 

Lieut. -Col. 
John  Ainslie 
of  Teviot 

Lieutenant-Colonel  John  Ainslie,  H.E.I.C.S.,  of  Teviot- 
grove,  near  Jedburgh,  was  born  June  14,  1760.  About  the 
year  1777  "Jock**  Ainslie,  as  he  was  then  called,  got  a 
cadetship  and  proceeded  to  Calcutta,  and  served  in  the  9th 
Native  Infantry.  He  was  made  a  brevet  captain  on  January 
7»  17969  and  obtained  his  regimental  rank  on  January  21, 
1803.  Early  in  the  century  he  married  Sarah  Geddes,  by 
whom  he  had  four  sons,  and  one  daughter  who  died  young. 
Of  his  sons,  the  youngest,  William  Bernard,  was  the  most 
distinguished.^  Colonel  Ainslie's  wife  died  at  Futtyghur, 
India,  on  March  6,  1813,  and  after  this  he  retired  from  the 

^  Colonel  William  Bernard  Ainslie,  C.B.,  commanded  the  93d  High- 
landers at  the  Battle  of  Balaclava,  where  the  Highlanders  received  the 
charge  of  the  Russians  in  line— "The  Thin  Red  Line."  He  married 
Joanna,  only  daughter  of  Major-General  Thomas  Falls ;  she  died  in  1889. 
It  was  the  persuasions  of  Miss  Mary  Walker  which  induced  Colonel 
Ainslie  to  retire  from  the  army,  a  step  which  he  always  regretted.  At  her 
death  she  left  him  only  an  annuity  of /500.  He  died  on  October  31, 1887, 
at  the  age  of  seventy-five. 


army,  and  returned  home  to  Scotland,  and  resided  at 
Teviotgrove,  now  Harestains,  near  Monteviot.  He  next 
married  Lillias  Walker,  the  eldest  sister  of  Misses  Barbara 
and  Mary  Walker,  who  left  all  their  fortune  to  the  Edin- 
burgh Episcopal  Church.  The  Walker  family  came  origin- 
ally from  Old  Meldrum,  Aberdeenshire.  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Ainslie  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1815;  he  died  at  his 
house  in  Forth  Street,  Edinburgh,  on  March  15,  1817,  and 
was  buried  in  the  churchyard  at  Haddington. 

William  Aitcheson,  son  of  the  once-famous  ilockmaster,  William 
Mr  Aitcheson  of  Linhope,*  was  born  April  20,  1839,  and  Brier^m^ 
was  educated  in  Edinburgh,  at  the  Academy,  and  subse- 
quently at  the  University  of  that  city.  By  the  death  of 
his  father  in  1874  ^^  succeeded  to  Brieryhill  and  Calaburn 
in  Roxburghshire,  and  Glenkerry*  in  Selkirkshire.  At  one 
period  Mr  Aitcheson  rented  the  extensive  sheep  farms  of 
Menzion,  Peeblesshire,  and  Penchrise  and  Linhope,  Rox- 
burghshire. He  married  in  1877  Mary,  second  daughter  of 
John  Wilson  of  Billholm,  who  was  eldest  son  of  Professor 
Wilson  (Christopher  North).  Mr  Aitcheson  was  a  justice  of 
the  peace  for  Roxburghshire  and  Selkirkshire,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  University,  Ettrick  Forest,  and  Jedforest  Clubs. 
For  the  last  few  years  of  his  life  he  was  a  great  invalid,  and 
died  on  the  25th  of  February,  1889,  leaving  a  widow  and 

four  sons. 


Mr   Ambrose,   who    resided    at    Birseslees,   became  an  Ambrose  of 

honorary   member   of  the    Club.      He    was    proposed    by 

Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward,   and  admitted  in   1826. 

(No  further  information.) 

1  A  sister  of  Mr  Aitcheson's  married  John  Usher,  only  son  of  John 
Usher,  tenant  in  Stodrig,  who  was  well  known  and  much  liked  in  the 
county.  A  crack  shot,  a  good  horseman,  and  one  of  the  chief  supporters 
of  the  Jedforest  hounds.  He  died  from  a  chill,  caught  on  his  return  from 
the  Derby.    His  widow  now  resides  in  Edinburgh. 

*  Glenkerry  once  belonged  to  the  Rutherfurds  of  Edgerston,  they  having 
acquired  it  by  purchase  in  1770. 



Thb  Andersons  of  Selkirk  have  for  several  generations 
been  members  of  the  medical  profession. 

Thomas  Anderson,  who  came  originally  from  Earlstpn, 
Berwickshire,  was  born  in  175!)  and  practised  as  a  surgeon 
in  Selkirk  from  1771  to  1809,  when  he  removed  to  Edin- 
burgh, and  died  there  on  March  8th,  18 16,  leaving  several 
sons  and  daughters,  who  are  enumerated  below. 

I.  Alexander,  the  eldest  son,  was  a  surgeon,  and  prac- 
tised with  his  father  in  Selkirk.  He  was  born  in  1770,  and 
accompanied  his  brother-in-law,  Mungo  Park,  to  Africa, 
where  he  died  of  dysentery  at  Sansanding  in  1805,  in  the 
35th  year  of  his  age. 

II.  John,  born  in  1777,  was  also  a  surgeon,  and  was 
attached  to  the  Royal  Marine  Division,  Woolwich.  His 
death  occurred  in  London  in  1809.  He  married,  in  1807, 
Isabella,  daughter  of  Mungo  Park,  senior,  Foulshiels, 
Selkirkshire,  but  left  no  family. 

III.  Andrew,  followed  the  family  tradition  and  became 
a  surgeon  and  physician.  He  was  born  at  Selkirk,  October 
ist,  1784,  In  March,  1805,  he  entered  the  army  as  a 
hospital  assistant,  became  surgeon  in  18 12,  and  retired  on 
half- pay  in  August,  1833.  ^^  Andrew  Anderson  served  in 
Naples  and  Calabria,  and  acted  as  assistant  surgeon  to 
the  grenadier  battalion,  under  Lieut. -Col.  O'Callaghan, 
at  the  battle  of  Maida.  He  was  also  present  at  the  sieges 
of  Scylla  Castle  and  of  Flushing,  1809,  and  took  part  in 
the  expedition  to  Walcheren.  He  further  saw  active  service 
in  the  Peninsula,  from  December,  1809,  to  November,  1813, 
including  the  defence  of  Cadiz,  the  battles  of  Busaco, 
Fuentes  de  Onoro,  Salamanca,  the  siege  of  Burgos,  and 
actions  in  the  Pyrenees.  For  these  services  he  received 
in  1849,  by  order  of  Her  Majesty,  the  silver  war 
medal  with  five  clasps.  Dr  Anderson  was  twice  married; 
his  first  wife  was  Anne  Cairns.  In  an  old  family  Bible 
is  the  following  entry:  "On  the  12th  August,  1818,  I 
was    married    at    Port    Patrick,    Wigtonshire,    to     Anne, 


2nd  daughter  of  James  Cairns,  writer,  Peebles  (born  at 
Peebles  25th  Dec,  1793),  by  the  Rev.  John  M'Kenzie, 
D.D.,  who  charged  me  eight  guineas  for  performing 
the  ceremony.*'  By  this  marriage  he  had  a  daughter, 
Anne.  He  subsequently  married  Georgina,  third  daughter 
of  Captain  John  Graham,  R.N.,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons. 
Anne  married  John  Bathgate,  writer,  Peebles,  on  the  6th  of 
April,  1842,  at  Edinburgh.  Of  the  two  sons,  Thomas  joined 
the  78th  Highlanders  as  ensign  in  1845,  became  captain  in 
1857,  *°d  di®^  ^^  Westward  Ho  in  1879.  His  brother, 
John  Graham  Anderson,  went  to  China  to  represent  the 
house  of  Dent  &  Co.  In  1854,  when  on  the  Canton  river  in 
a  country  boat,  with  two  other  young  men,  he  was  suddenly 
attacked  by  pirates.  Being  well  armed  the  little  party  made 
a  desperate  defence,  killing  eight  and  wounding  nine  of  their 
assailants. — Vide  "  Chambers's  Journal,"  March,  1857.  Job° 
died  at  Blackheath,  1882. 

IV.  George,  a  twin  brother  to  Andrew,  was  in  the  Cus- 
toms office  at  Greenock.     He  married,  and  had  issue. 

V.  Thomas,  succeeded  his  father  as  surgeon  in  Selkirk  in 
1809.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Henry  Scott, 
Deloraine,  Selkirkshire.  {Vide  Sibbald.)  She  died  in  1836. 
It  may  be  said  of  this  well  known  doctor  that  he  spent 
a  large  portion  of  his  life  in  the  saddle,  as,  in  the  early 
days  of  this  century,  the  bridle-path  was  more  in  use 
than  the  turnpike  road  in  the  county  of  Selkirk.  Dr 
Thomas  Anderson  never  spared  himself  in  his  professional 
work,  and,  alike  to  the  rich  and  poor,  was  kind  and  atten- 
tive. He  was  the  prototype  of  Sir  Walter  Scott's  **  Gideon 
Gray,"  and  a  pleasing  account  of  his  life  was  written  by 
the  late  Dr  John  Brown  in  his  **  Horae  Subsecivae,"  en- 
titled, "Our  Gideon  Grays."  He  died  at  Selkirk  in  1850, 
leaving  four  sons  and  four  daughters. 

Alison,  married  in  1799  Mungo  Park,  the  celebrated 
African  traveller;  they  had  three  sons  and  one  daughter. 
Mrs  Park  died  31st  January,  1840,  having  survived  her 
distinguished  husband  nearly  thirty-four  years. 

Isabella,  died  unmarried  at  Selkirk,  in  March,  1842. 


Dr  Thomas  Anderson,  the  second,  left  four  sons,  of 
whom  the  following  particulars  have  been  gleaned: — 

I.  Thomas,  .the  eldest,  went  to  China  in  1834,  and 
obtained  an  appointment  in  a  bank.  He  remained  there 
for  a  few  years.  The  climate,  together  with  a  sedentary 
life,  did  not  suit  his  health,  which  began  to  suffer.  He 
was  recommended  to  try  Australia.  Following  out  this 
advice  he  joined  his  friend  John  Lang  Currie,  and  event- 
ually went  into  partnership  with  him  in  the  Larra  Station, 
Mount  Elephant,  in  the  western  district  of  Victoria.  He 
was  killed  by  a  fall  from  his  horse  in  1854,  leaving  two 
sons — Thomas  Scott  Anderson — of  whom  presently;  John 
MacLaurin  Anderson,  died  1858. 

n.  Alexander,  born  at  Dovecot,  Selkirk,  1810,  passed  as 
surgeon  in  1831,  and  practised  at  Langholm  for  one  year. 
He  accompanied  Lord  Napier^  to  China  at  the  close  of 
1834,  when  he  proceeded  to  that  country  as  Ambassador. 
Dr  Anderson  remained  at  Macao  and  Hong  Kong  twelve 
years,  and  returned  home  in  1846.  In  1847  he  settled,  by 
request,  as  medical  practitioner  in  Jedburgh,  succeeding 
Dr  Gavin  Hilson,  who  died  suddenly  when  attending  a 
patient.  Dr  Anderson,  whose  health  had  suffered  during 
his  residence  in  China,  died  in  May,  1857,  at  the  age  of 
47.  He  married,  when  abroad.  Miss  Eliza  Gillespie,  and 
left  eight  children.  During  his  residence  in  Jedburgh  he 
occupied  Abbey  Green  House.  His  second  son,  Henry 
Scott  Anderson,  and  his  fourth  son  are  both  in  the 
medical  profession. 

HL  Henry  Scott  Anderson,  a  third  son  of  Dr  Thomas 
Anderson,  and  born  181 1,  became  his  father's  assistant  in 
1831.  During  the  half  century  he  practised  in  his  native 
town,  and  maintained  the  high  reputation  which  had  been 
deservedly  gained  by  his  ancestors.  He  was  Provost  of 
Selkirk  from  1868  to  1880,  and  was  presented  with  his 
portrait,    painted   by    Sir   George    Reid,   president    of    the 

^  Lord  Napier  died  soon  after  his  arrival  in  China. 


Royal  Scottish  Academy — the  subscribers  including  all  his 
friends  and  patients  in  the  county.  He  died  on  March 
15th,  1890,  aged  79. 

IV.  John,  also  followed  the  profession  of  his  fathers,  and 
became  a  doctor  of  medicine.  Appointed  assistant  sur- 
geon of  the  79th  Foot  in  1840,  he  was  transferred  in  May 
of  the  same  year  to  the  22nd  Foot.  He  sailed  for  India 
on  the  staff  of  Sir  Charles  Napier,  and  served  throughout 
the  campaign  in  Scinde.  He  was  present  at  the  memorable 
battle  of  Meeanee,  where  the  22nd  bore  the  brunt  of  the 
action,  and  again,  five  weeks  afterwards,  at  the  battle  of 
Hyderabad,  on  the  25th  March,  1843.  ^^^  hospital  of  the 
22nd  was  denuded  of  patients  on  that  day,  as  every  man 
who  could  stagger  along  went  into  action,  so  keen  were  the 
men  to  fight  the  Beloochees.  On  the  field  of  battle,  under 
a  heavy  fire,  Dr  Anderson  performed  a  double  amputation 
with  great  coolness  and  success;  a  fact  which  drew  from 
Major  Outram*  the  remark  that  if  ever  he  required  sur- 
gical aid,  he  would  have  no  one  but  "Johnnie  Anderson." 
On  the  way  home  with  the  regiment,  the  doctor  died  at 
sea  between  Malta  and  Sicily,  in  1857,  and  was  buried 
at  Trapani.  Dr  Anderson  was  much  liked  in  his  regiment, 
and  his  brother  officers,  as  a  mark  of  their  friendship  and 
regard,  erected  in  Selkirk  parish  church  a  memorial  tablet 
bearing  the  following  inscription: — 

Sacred  to  the  Memory 


John  Anderson,  Esq.,  M.D.. 

Son  of  the  late  Thomas  Anderson,  Esq.,  Surgeon,  Selkirk. 

Assistant  Surgeon  of  H.  M.  22nd  Regiment  of  Foot,  aged  34 

years,  who  died  suddenly  off  the  coast  of  Sicily  on  the 

7th  March  185 1,  during  his  passage  home  from  India, 

where  he  had  served  for  10  years. 

This  tablet  is  erected  by  General  Sir  Charles  Napier,  G.C.B., 

and  the  other  officers  of  his  late  regiment, 

as  a  testimony  of  their  esteem  and  regret  for  one  whose  worth 

proved  equally  in  the  hour  of  sickness  and  in  friendly  counsel, 

and  who  was  as  much  beloved  by  the  whole  regiment  for  his 

sincere  and  amiable  character  as  respected  on  account 

of  his  professional  skill. 

>  Major  Outram  (afterwards  Sir  James  Outram,  Bart.),  then  political 
agent  in  Upper  Scinde. 



Above  the  inscription  are  the  arms,  crest,  and  motto  of 
the  Andersons;  below,  the  Napier  coat  of  arms,  regimental 
motto,  and  colours. 

For  his  war  services  in  Scinde  he  received  a  medal  with 
Her  Majesty's  head  on  the  obverse,  <'  Meeanee  Hyderabad 
1843  "  on  the  reverse. 

of  Ettrick 

Thomas  Scott  Anderson  of  Ettrick  Shaws,  Selkirk- 
shire, was  born  June  5th,  1852,  at  Dovecot,  Selkirk.  He 
was  the  son  of  Thomas  Anderson  and  Joan  MacLaurin,  his 
wife.  He  was  educated  at  Pau,  in  France,  and  at  Edin- 
burgh, where  he  pursued  the  study  of  medicine.  He  took 
his  degree  of  M.B.  at  Edinburgh  in  1873,  and  at  Paris  the 
same  year.  The  following  twelve  months  Mr  Anderson 
devoted  to  travel:  he  proceeded  to  Egypt,  Palestine,  and 
Syria,  and  returned  by  Athens,  Constantinople,  and  the 
Danube.  We  find  him  embarking  for  Australia  after  his 
return  to  England.  That  huge  undeveloped  continent  pre- 
sented an  excellent  opportunity  for  indulging  his  taste  for 
natural  history,  which  Mr  Anderson  had  acquired  in  his 
early  youth.  He  shot  upwards  of  300  different  species  of 
birds  in  the  colony  of  Victoria,  the  skins  of  which  were 
carefully  preserved. 

Mr  Anderson  married,  when  in  Australia,  Joan  Anderson 
Shaw,  daughter  of  Thomas  Shaw  of  Wooriwyrite,  on  June 
ist,  1876,  and  returned  with  his  wife  to  Scotland.  In  1878 
he  took  his  degree  of  M.D.  at  Edinburgh  University.  Again 
he  visited  Australia,  this  time  to  take  a  large  sheep  farm  in 
the  western  district  of  Victoria.  During  his  sojourn  there, 
he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  shire  council,  and  made  a 
justice  of  the  peace  for  the  shire  of  Hampden.  Dr  Anderson 
continued  his  natural  history  pursuits,  and  added  con- 
siderably to  his  already  large  and  valuable  collection  of 
specimens.  Amongst  others,  he  shot  a  male  and  female 
white  goshawk,  which,  until  recently,  was  thought  to  be 
merely  a  variety — an  albino  of  the  grey  goshawk — but  is 
now  recognised  as  undoubtedly  a  distinct  species.      These 


handsome  and  majestic  birds  of  prey  have  been  stuffed  by 
Mr  Small,  the  taxidermist,  and  were  exhibited  in  the 
museum  of  the  Buccleuch  Memorial  Hall,  Hawick,  where 
they  attracted  the  special  attention  of  naturalists.  In  the 
British  Museum  there  is  only  one  (imperfect)  skin  of  this 
very  rare  bird. 

When  Mr  and  Mrs  Anderson  returned  home  in  1882,  they 
resided  at  Ettrick  Shaws,  which  estate  had  been  purchased 
in  1873  from  the  late  James  Johnstone  of  Alva.  Mr  Ander- 
son built  the  present  house  in  1891,  and  has  much  improved 
the  property.  It  lies  in  the  parish  of  Kirkhope,  and  at  one 
time  was  included  in  the  Forest  of  Ettrick.  Shaws  hill  is 
1292  feet  above  the  level  of  the  sea,  and  the  estate  is  of 
a  thoroughly  sporting  and  pastoral  character.  Mr  Anderson 
is  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  county  of  Selkirk  and  a 
commissioner  of  supply ;  he  is  also  a  county  councillor,  in 
which  capacity  he  represents  the  parish  of  Kirkhope.^ 

In  1892  he  succeeded  Charlie  Sinclair  as  master  of  the 
Jedforest  foxhounds,  and  resides  at  Lintalee  during  the 
hunting  season.  The  county  is  indebted  for  the  resuscitation 
of  the  Jedforest  pack,  which  for  many  years  had  entirely 
disappeared,  to  Mr  Sinclair,  who  benefited  by  the  zealous 
assistance  of  Capt.  Palmer  Douglas  of  Cavers,  who  acted  as 
master,  and  that  keen  sportsman,  the  late  John  Usher,  Gate- 
housecote,  as  first  whip.  About  the  time  Mr  Anderson 
became  master,  he  had  the  co-operation  of  the  late  Mr 
James  Oliver,  Greenriver,  who  often  did  duty  as  whip,  and 
was  also  secretary  of  the  hunt. 

Charles  Anderson,  solicitor,  Jedburgh,  was  the  son  of  Charles 
the  Rev.  James  Anderson,  minister  of  the  parish  of  Stoney-  cienbam 
kirk,   Wigtownshire,   and  of  Mary    M'Ghie,   daughter   of  ^*^^- 

1  Kirkhope  was  formerly  in  the  parish  of  Yarrow.    In  1851  it  was  made 
a  separate  parish,  at  the  request  of  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch. 



John  M'Ghie  of  Castlehill,  Kirkcudbrightshire.^  He  was 
born  at  Stoneykirk  manse  on  loth  November,  1827,  and 
educated  at  Edinburgh  University.  He  entered  the  legal 
profession  as  apprentice  in  the  office  of  the  late  Simon 
Campbell,  W.S.,  and  afterwards  obtained  a  clerkship  in 
the  office  of  Messrs  Hunter  Blair  &  Cowan,  W.S.,  Edin- 
burgh, where  he  remained  until  1857,  when  he  proceeded 
to  Jedburgh,  and  went  into  partnership  with  Robert  Laing, 
solicitor.  In  1857,  he  married  Jessie  Niven,  eldest  daugh- 
ter of  Robert  Ballantyne,  M.D.,  Girvan,  Ayrshire.  He  was 
agent  of  the  Western  Bank  until  its  suspension,  after  which 
he  held  a  similar  position  in  the  Royal  Bank  of  Scotland. 
In  1874  he  received  the  appointment  of  collector  of 
county  rates  for  Roxburghshire,  and,  on  the  adoption  of 
the  Roads  and  Bridges  Act,  was  also  appointed  collector 
of  road  rates. 

In  1879,  he  was  made  clerk  to  the  lieutenancy  by  the 
late  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  and  continued  to  hold  the  post 
under  his  successor,  the  late  Duke  of  Roxburghe.  Upon 
resignation  of  Mr  James  Stevenson  in  1880,  Mr  Anderson 
was  offered  the  hon.  secretaryship  of  the  Jedforest  Club, 
which  he  accepted;  and  he  discharged  the  duties  of  the 
office  until  his  death.  In  1884,  he  purchased  the  property 
of  Glenburnhall,  near  Jedburgh.  He  died  there  on  28th 
August,  1886,  survived  by  a  widow  and  eight  children. 

of  Glenburn 

Robert  Ballantine  Anderson,  solicitor,  eldest  son  of 
Charles  Anderson,  was  born  on  25th  August,  1858,  educa- 
ted at  the  Nest  Academy,  Jedburgh ;  at  Uppingham  School, 
and  Edinburgh  University.  He  entered  the  legal  profession 
in    1875.      He    served   his   apprenticeship  with    his   father 

^  John  M'Ghie  of  Castlehill  obtained  a  commission  in  the  io6th  Foot  in 
1 761.  This  regiment  was  disbanded  in  1763.  and  the  officers  were  placed 
on  the  half-pay  list.  M'Ghie's  commission  (which  is  in  the  possession  of 
R.  B.  Anderson)  as  an  ensign  in  the  io6th  regiment,  commanded  by 
Colonel  Isaac  Barre,  and  in  the  company  of  Captain  Livingstone,  is  signed 
by  George  III.,  and  countersigned  by  G.  Grenville.  Ensign  M'Ghie  died 
in  1836,  having  been  on  half-pay  for  the  long  period  of  73  years. 


and  Mr  Henry  Tod,  W.S.,  Edinburgh.  Subsequently,  he 
entered  the  office  of  Messrs  Skene,  Edwards,  &  Bilton, 
W.S.,  Edinburgh,  and  there  he  remained  until  he  passed 
his  final  examination  in  law,  1882,  when  he  returned  to 
Jedburgh.  In  1884,  he  joined  his  father  as  partner,  and 
was  appointed  assistant  agent  of  the  Royal  Bank.  Within 
two  years  afterwards,  his  father  died,  and  Mr  Anderson 
found  himself  at  a  very  early  age  bearing  the  burden  and 
responsibility  of  a  large  law  business,  a  bank  agency,  and 
other  public  appointments.  It  is  no  small  compliment  to 
say  that  he  has  worthily  maintained  the  reputation  the 
office,  had  gained  under  his  father,  and  has  conducted  with 
honour  and  credit  a  business  much  larger  than  usually 
falls  to  the  young  country  practitioner.  Mr  Anderson  de- 
votes most  of  his  time  to  trust  and  family  business,  the 
management  of  land,  and  the  work  of  his  public  offices; 
and  he  enjoys  the  confidence  of  a  considerable  number  of 
the  landed  proprietors  in  his  own  district,  and  of  the  farm- 
ers and  manufacturers  over  a  wide  range  of  the  Borders. 
Upon  the  death  of  his  father,  Mr  Anderson  was  unani- 
mously appointed  to  succeed  him  as  secretary  to  the  Jed- 
forest  Club.  He  is  agent  of  the  Royal  Bank,  collector  of 
rates,  and  treasurer  of  the  county  of  Roxburgh;  and  is 
also  an  honorary  sheriff- substitute  for  the  county.  In 
1885,  Mr  Anderson  married  Agnes,  younger  daughter  of 
Thomas  Macmillan  of  Changue,  Ayrshire,  and  has  a  young 


Baillie  of  Jerviswoode  (now  merged  in  the  earldom  of  Charles 
Haddington).     Charles  Baillie,  the  subject  of  this  memoir,  ^^Ydler- 
was  the  second  son  of  George  Baillie  of  Mellerstain,  Ber-  viswoode). 
wickshire,  and  of  Jerviswoode,  Lanarkshire.     He  was  born 
at   Mellerstain,   on  the  3rd  November,    1804 ;   his   mother 
was  the  youngest  daughter  of  Sir  James  Pringle,  Bart.,  of 
Stichill.     Baillie  of  Jerviswoode,  who  died  on  the  scaffold 
in    1683    for   his   share  in    Monmouth's  rebellion,   was  an 
ancestor.      Charles  was  educated    for    the    law,   and   was 


admitted  as  an  advocate  at  the  Scottish  bar  in  1830.     He 
was  one  of  ten  children,  his  elder  brother  George  succeed- 
ing his  cousin  as  tenth  Earl  of  Haddington.     On  the  37th 
December,  1831,  he  married  the  Hon.  Anne  Scott,  third 
daughter  of   the  fourth   Lord   Polwarth.^    Charles  Baillie 
filled   the  post  of  Advocate -Depute,  from   1844  to   1846, 
under  the  Ministry  of  Sir  Robert  Peel,  and,  for  the  second 
time,  under  the  Earl  of  Derby,  in  1852.     In  1858,  he  was 
appointed  Solicitor -General  for  Scotland,  and,  soon  after- 
wards. Lord  Advocate,  an  office  which  entailed  a  seat  in 
the   HovLse  of  Commons.     He  was  accordingly  returned, 
without  opposition,  for  Linlithgow,  on  7th  February,  1859. 
A  further  elevation  awaited  Mr  Baillie.    On  the  15th   of 
April  following,   be  was   made  a  Judge  of  the  Court  of 
Session,  where    he    sat,  with    the  courtesy  title  of  Lord 
Jerviswoode,  for  a  period  of  fifteen  years.    He  was  elected 
a  member  of    the  Club  on  28th   September,   1836.     For 
many  years  he  was  president  of  the    Edinburgh   Border 
Counties  Association,  and  in  that  capacity  took  an  active 
part  in  the  celebration  of   the  centenary  of   Sir    Walter 
Scott.     In  1874,  Lord  Jerviswoode  retired  from  the  bench 
on  a  pension,  and  also  from   public  Ufe.     He  resided  at 
Dryburgh  House^  near  St   Boswells.     Here  he  spent  his 
remaining  days  in  quiet  seclusion,  and  died  there  on  the 
23rd  July,  1879. 


Alexander  Baird,  the  founder  of  this  family,  was,  as  a 
young  man,  almost  exclusively  a  farmer  and  miller  until 
1809,  when  he  made  his  first  commercial  venture  by  leasing 
the  Woodside  coal  works,  near  Dalserf.  He  added  in  1816 
the  coalfield  of  RochsoUoch,  near  Airdrie,  and  in  1822  that  of 
Merry ston.  In  May  1826  Alexander  Baird,  then  of  Lock- 
wood,  in  conjunction  with  his  sons,  obtained  a  lease  from  Mr 
Hamilton  Colt  of  Gartsherrie  of  the  coalfields  of  Sunnyside, 

1  Vide  Lord  Polwarth. 


Hollandhirst,  and  New  Gartsberrie.  This  family,  advancing 
in  wealth  and  importance,  became  in  the  year  1828  iron 
masters  as  well  as  coal  owners  by  acquiring  a  forty  years' 
lease  of  the  ironstone  on  the  lands  of  Cairnhill.  They  after- 
wards erected  blast  furnaces,  the  first  of  which  was  put  in 
blast  on  May  the  4th,  1830.  This  year  Alexander  Baird, 
the  head  of  the  firm,  retired  from  business,  his  sons  forming 
a  partnership  under  the  title  of  William  Baird  &  Co. 

Alexander  Baird  married  Jean,  daughter  of  James  Moffat 
of  Whitburn,  about  the  year  1795,  and  she  was  the  mother 
of  eight  sons.  These  brothers  invested  their  revenues  in 
the  purchase  of  land,  and  the  estates  acquired  by  the  family 
in  the  course  of  their  career  represented  in  round  numbers 
the  sum  of  ;^2,ooo,ooo.  Alexander  Baird  died  at  New- 
mains  in  1833. 

I.  William  Baird,  who  was  born  in  1796,  succeeded  his 
father,  and  became  owner  of  the  valuable  estate  of  Elie,  in 
Fife.     He  died  in  1864. 

II.  John  Baird  of  Lock  wood,  county  of  Lanark,  suc- 
ceeded to  Urie  at  the  death  of  his  brother  Alexander.  He 
was  born  in  1798,  and  died  in  1870. 

III.  Alexander  Baird,  born  1799,  purchased  Urie,  which 
belonged  to  the  celebrated  Captain  Barclay.  He  died  in 

IV.  James  Baird  of  Auchmedden  and  Cambusdoon,  the 
benefactor  of  the  Church  of  Scotland,  died  in  1876.  He 
succeeded  to  Auchmedden  on  the  death  of  his  brother 

V.  Robert  Baird,  born  1806,  died  1856. 

VI.  Douglas  Baird  of  Closeburn,  born  1808,  and  died  in 
1854.  ^^  ^^f^  ^^o  daughters — ^Jane  Isabella,  who  married,  in 
1869,  Frederick  Ernest  Villiers,  son  of  the  Bishop  of  Durham, 
and  Charlotte  Marion.  She  married  the  same  year  Viscount 
Cole,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Enniskillen. 

VII.  George   Baird,  born  1810,  succeeded  his  brother  Geo.  Baird 
David  to  the  estate  of  Stichill  in  i860.     He  also  possessed 
Strichen,  in   Aberdeenshire,  where  he  died  in    1870.     He 



married  in  1858  Cecilia,  daughter  of  Admiral  Hatton  of 
Clonard,  M.P.,  county  of  Wexford,  and  had  an  only  child, 
George  Alexander,  who  succeeded  on  the  death  of  his  father. 
The  present  house  of  Stichill  was  built  by  George  Baird. 
The  foundation  stone  was  laid  by  Susanna,  Duchess '  of 
Roxburghe,  and  it  was  completed  in  1866,  occupying  fully 
three  years  in  its  erection.  Mr  Baird  joined  the  Jedforest 
Club  in  1865. 


J.  Bald,  Mr  Bald  was  born  at  Carsebridge  on   13th  November, 

WeUs  House,   ^g^^^     j^^  ^^^  educated  at   Alloa   and   the   High   School, 

Edinburgh,  and  was  for  some  time  at  the  University  there. 
In  1 83 1  he  went  to  Liverpool,  and  remained  there  more  or 
less,  carrying  on  the  business  of  a  commission  agent,  until 
1863.  For  about  fifteen  years  he  acted  as  Swedish  and 
Norwegian  vice-consul  in  the  city,  resigning  the  appoint- 
ment shortly  before  leaving  Liverpool. 

In  1840,  at  Stockholm,  he  married  a  Swedish  lady  of 
great  personal  attraction,  by  whom  he  had  eight  children. 
She  died  in  1856  at  Edinburgh.  In  i860  he  married, 
secondly,  at  Walton  -  on  -  the  -  Hill,  near  Liverpool,  Miss 
Campbell,  by  whom  he  had  seven  children. 

In  the  year  1865  Mr  Bald,  having  retired  from  business, 
acquired  a  lease  of  Wells  House,  in  the  parish  of  Hob- 
kirk,  and  in  the  beautiful  valley  of  the  Rule  he  resided 
for  eleven  years.  His  hospitality  and  that  of  Mrs  Bald 
was  unbounded,  and  their  kindness  to  the  sick  and  poor 
of  the  district  will  long  be  remembered. 

A  short  time  before  his  death  he  purchased  a  freehold 
estate  in  the  county  of  Kent,  near  Tunbridge,  of  which  he 
obtained  possession  in  January  1885. 

Several  of  his  sons  entered  the  army.  Reinhold  Baker 
Bald,  a  son  of  the  first  marriage,  joined  the  44th  Regi- 
ment, now  "The  Essex,*'  and  eventually  became  lieut.- 
colonel.  He  is  now  a  colonel,  retired.  Alfred,  the  eldest 
son  by  the  second  marriage,  was  for  some  years  an  officer  in 


the  Black  Watch ;  and  Ernest,  who  is  now  a  lieutenant 
in  ihe  15th  (King's)  Hussars.  His  eldest  surviving  daugh- 
ter is  Lady  Dormer.  Mr  Bald  was  a  liberal  in  politics, 
and  when  residing  at  Wells  interested  himself  in  local 
matters.  He  left  a  large  fortune,  his  personal  estate  being 
upwards  of  ;^35o,ooo. 


The  Balfours  of  Newton  Don  are  descended  from  the 
Balbirnie  family.  Peter  Balfour,  living  in  the  reign  of 
Robert  H.,  King  of  Scotland,  married  Eva  Sibbald, 
•daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Sibbald  of  Balgonie,  and  got 
with  her  the  lands  of  Dovan  (charter  at  Balgonie  undated). 
The  family  were  in  possession  of  Dovan  (or  Devon,  as 
it  is  now  called)  for  a  very  long  period.  They  also 
acquired  the  lands  of  Lawlethan  at  the  close  of  the 
fifteenth  century.  Martin  Balfour,  great-grandson  of  John 
Balfour,  was  served  heir  to  his  grandfather  in  the  lands  of 
Dovan  in  1596.  He  parted  with  the  estate  of  Dovan,  and 
retained  Lawlethan.  Martin  Balfour's  eldest  son,  Dr 
David  Balfour,  succeeded  to  Lawlethan,  and  his  second 
son,  George  Balfour,  purchased  Balbirnie  in  1642. 

George   Balfour  of  Balbirnie  had   three  sons  —  Robert, 
David,  and  Alexander.     On  the  death  of  Dr  David  Bal- 
four,  the   Lawlethan   estate   went   first   to   David,   and   at 
his  death  to  Alexander,  who  died  in  1692,  in  debt;  and  the 
•estate  was  seized  by  his  creditors. 

•  Robert,  the  eldest  son  of  George  Balfour,  inherited  Bal- 
birnie, and  his  son  George  bought  back  into  the  family 
Lawlethan,  in  1716.  John  Balfour  of  Balbirnie,  born  in 
1738,  had  two  sons — Robert,  his  heir;  and  James,  ancestor 
of  Balfour  of  Whittinghame  and  the  Newton  Don  family. 
Robert,  born  1762,  entered  the  army  and  got  his  com- 
mission in  the  looth  regiment  of  Foot  in  1790,  and  was 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  captain  in  the  following  year. 
When  the  Scots  Greys  were  augmented  to  nine  troops  in 
1793  for  the  Duke  of  York's  campaign,  Robert  Balfour  was 


transferred  to  them.     He  got  command  of  the  regiment  in 
1805,  and  eventually  became  a  general  officer. 

James  Balfour,  younger  brother  of  the  general,  was  born 
in  1773.  He  proceeded  to  India  in  1793  in  the  Madras 
Civil  Service.  In  1800  he  filled  the  appointment  of  deputy 
commercial  resident  at  the  Presidency,  when  he  returned 
home.  In  1802  he  went  back  to  India,  where  he  remained 
ten  years  and  made  a  considerable  fortune.  In  1815  he 
married  Lady  Eleanor  Maitland,  daughter  of  James,  eighth 
Earl  of  Lauderdale.  He  bought  the  beautiful  estate  of 
Whittinghame,  in  181 7,  from  Mr  Hay  of  Drumelzier,  on 
which  he  built  a  mansion-house,  and  laid  out  the  grounds 
in  a  style  and  taste  peculiar  to  himself.  He  spared  no 
expense  to  adorn  what  nature  had  already  done  so  much  to 
beautify,  and  thereby  gave  constant  employment  to  the 
labouring  classes.  Mr  Balfour  has  added  to  the  lands  of 
Whittinghame  by  the  purchase  of  Paple  Garvald  and  a 
portion  of  the  Hailes.  Land  seemed  to  be  his  favourite 
investment,  as  at  different  times  he  purchased  the  estate  of 
Blackcastle  in  East  Lothian,  Prendergast  and  Butterdean 
in  Berwickshire,  Balgonie  in  Fifeshire,  and  Strathconan 
in  Ross-shire — so  that  for  land  alone  he  must  have  paid 
about  ;f 700,000,  and  died,  without  doubt,  one  of  the 
wealthiest  commoners  of  Scotland.  His  death  took  place 
after  a  long  illness  in  1845,  and  he  left,  with  other  issue, 

J.  M.  Balfour  Jambs  Maitland  Balfour  of  Whittinghame,  born  1820, 
hl^****°^'  w^s  M.P.  for  the  Haddington  burghs  from  1841  to  1847; 
the  only  conservative  they  ever  returned.  Hence  his  con- 
nexion with  Jedburgh  and  the  Jedforest  Club,  which  he 
joined  in  1841.  He  was  a  keen  deer  stalker,  and  the  longest 
and  most  fatiguing  day  on  the  hills  was  never  too  long  for 
him.  With  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch's  and  Lord  Wemyss* 
hounds  he  was  well  known.  He  reorganised  the  East 
Lothian  and  Berwickshire  yeomanry,  which  he  commanded 
till  his  death,  and  spent  a  great  deal  of  money  in  pro- 
moting its  efficiency.     The  non-commissioned  officers  and 


men  raised  a  monument  to  his  memory,  as  a  mark  of  their 
esteem,  on  Blackieheugh.  Mr  Balfour's  constitution  was 
not  equal  to  the  energy  of  his  character.  His  health  gave 
way,  and  he  fell  into  a  consumption,  dying  in  Madeira  in 
1856,  at  the  early  age  of  36  years.  He  married  Lady 
Blanche  Cecil,  sister  of  the  present  Marquess  of  Salisbury, 
and  was  father  of  the  Right  Hon.  Arthur  James  Balfour, 
M.P.,  First  Lord  of  the  Treasury  and  leader  of  the 
House  of  Commons,  and  now  of  Whittinghame. 

Charles  Balfour  of  Newton  Don,  second  son  of  James 
Balfour  of  Whittinghame,  married,  first,  in  i860,  Hon. 
Adelaide  Barrington,  daughter  of  the  sixth  Viscount  Bar- 
rington,  which  lady  died  in  1862,  leaving  one  child,  Charles 
Barrington  Balfour— of  whom  presently.  He  married,  second, 
in  1865,  Minnie  Georgiana,  daughter  of  Colonel  Hon.  G. 
A.  F.  Liddell,  and  died  in  1872,  leaving  a  daughter  by  her, 
Julian  Eleanor,  who  married  Lord  Folkestone.  When  his 
father  died,  his  intention  was  to  rebuild  Balgonie  Castle  with 
money  left  for  that  purpose,  or  for  purchasing  a  home  else- 
where) ;  but  at  the  time  (1847)  when  the  plans  were  being 
prepared,  Newton  Don  was  in  the  market,  and  he  bought 
it,  and  settled  there  with  his  mother.  Lady  Eleanor.  He 
served  in  the  Grenadier  Guards,  which  he  entered  from  Eton 
in  1840,  and  resigned  his  commission  on  his  father's  death  in 
1846.  He,  like  his  elder  brother,  was  a  keen  sportsman. 
He  fished  in  Norway  with  Bromley  Davenport  (the  author 
of  Sport),  and  stalked  at  Strathconan  with  his  brother.  W^ith 
the  Duke's  hounds  he  was  quite  at  home;  a  hard  rider, 
well  mounted,  and  plenty  of  nerve,  he  was  always  well  to 
the  front.  Old  Williamson,  the  huntsman,  was  somewhat 
jealous  of  him,  and  in  his  broad  Scotch  and  dry  humour 
would  crack  a  joke  at  his  expense  when  he  thought  Mr 
Balfour  was  riding  too  near  the  hounds.  He  and  his 
brother  were  of  much  the  same  temperament.  Over  exer- 
tion and  exposure  ruined  his  health  also,  and  he  died  at 
the  age  of  forty-nine,  in  1872,  at  Holly  Grove,  Windsor 
Park,  and  is  buried  at  St  Peter's,  Old  Windsor. 


C.  B.  Balfour       Charles  Barrington  Balfour  of  Newton  Don  succeeded 
Don*^*°°       on  the  death  of  his  father.    In  1870  he  went  to  a  preparatory 
school  near  Slough,  where  he  was  educated  for  five  years 
and  prepared  for   Eton,  which  he  entered  in   1875.      He 
passed  second  into  the  Royal  Military  College,  Sandhurst, 
in  1880,  and  passed  out  of  that  institution  third  of  all  com- 
petitors.    Mr  Balfour  was  gazetted  to  the  Scots  Guards,  and 
joined  in  Dublin  at  the  close  of  the  year  1881.     He  served 
with  his  regiment  in  Egypt,  and  was  present  at  the  battle  of 
Tel-el- Kebir  in  1882,  for  which  he  obtained  the  medal  and 
clasp  and  Khedive's  star.      Owing  to  the  sudden  death  of 
Sir  George  Douglas  of  Springwood  Park,  the  conservative 
party  invited  Mr  Balfour  to  contest  the  county,  an  invitation 
which  he  accepted,  and  met  with  a  measure  of  success ;  but 
the  Hon.  Arthur  Elliot  was  returned.     In  1886,  when  Mr 
Gladstone  allied  himself  with  the  Irish  nationalists,  to  assist  a 
policy  of  home  rule  for  Ireland,  Mr  Elliot  was  among  the  first 
who  foresaw  the  disaster  which  must  attend  such  a  system 
of  administration.     At  the  election  of  1886  Mr  Balfour,  to 
show  his  approval  of  Mr  Elliot's  opinions,  came  over  from 
Dublin,  where  he  was  quartered,  to  support  his  former  op- 
ponent and  help  to  return  him  to  Parliament.     Mr  Balfour 
obtained  six  months'  leave  to  travel,  and  visited  Australia 
and  New  Zealand,  returning  home  the  following  year.     In 
1888  he  married  Lady  Nina  McDonnell,  youngest  daughter 
of  the  late  Earl  of  Antrim.      There  are  three  sons  of  this 
marriage — Charles,  born  1889;  Duncan,  born  in  1891;  and 
John  in  1894. 

Mr  Balfour  was  elected  to  the  Berwickshire  county  coun- 
cil, for  N  en  thorn  and  Hume,  in  1890,  and  was  re-elected 
without  opposition  in  1892.  He  is  a  justice  of  the  peace  for 
Roxburghshire  and  Berwickshire,  and  a  deputy  lieutenant 
for  the  latter  county.  The  old  family  place  and  house  of 
Balfour,  which  passed  out  of  the  family  in  1370  to  the 
family  of  Bethune,  during  whose  possession  it  was  the 
birthplace  of  Cardinal  Bethune,  has  been  acquired  by  Mr 
Balfour   by   purchase.        He    became    a    member   of   the 


Jedforest  Club  in  1888,  the  year  of  his  marriage.  That  year 
he  was  presented  with  a  beautiful  bracket  clock,  elaborately 
ornamented  with  silver  from  the  mines  of  the  Duke  of  Buc- 
cleuch  at  Wanlockhead,  by  about  five  hundred  conservative 
friends  in  the  county.  The  presentation  took  place  shortly 
after  his  marriage  in  the  Town  Hall,  Kelso,  and  on  a  silver 
scroll  is  the  following  inscription: — << Presented  to  Charles 
Harrington  Balfour,  Esq.,  Scots  Guards,  of  Newton  Don, 
by  a  number  of  his  conservative  friends  in  Roxburghshire, 
on  the  occasion  of  his  marriage. — 12th  April,  1888." 


Lieut.-General  Sir  Thomas  Sidney  Beckwith,  K.C.B.,  Lieut.-Gen. 
was  the  third  son  of  Major-General  John  Beckwith,  who  Beckwith."^^ 
commanded  the  20th  Foot  at  the  battle  of  Minden,  and 
four  of  whose  sons  became  distinguished  general  officers. 
Sir  Thomas  first  obtained  a  commission  in  the  71st  Regi- 
ment, and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  lieutenant,  2nd 
February,  1791.  He  at  once  proceeded  to  India,  and  was 
fortunate  enough  to  find  Lieut. -Colonel  Baird  in  command 
of  the  71st,  and  under  him  learned  the  science  of  war. 
With  the  regiment,  he  was  present  at  the  first  siege  of 
Seringapatam  in  1792,  at  the  capture  of  Pondicherry,  and 
during  the  operations  in  Ceylon  in  1795.  He  was  promo- 
ted to  captain,  and  returned  home  with  the  71st  in  1798. 
In  1800  he  volunteered  for  service  with  Manningham's  new 
rifie  corps  (now  the  rifie  brigade),  and  as  a  captain  in 
this  corps  was  present  at  Copenhagen  in  1801.  In  this 
celebrated  naval  battle  the  49th  Foot  and  Beckwith's  com- 
pany of  rifles  fought  as  marines,  very  much  to  the  satis- 
faction of  the  great  naval  commander.  Lord  Nelson,  in  his 
dispatch,  says: — '*The  Honourable  Colonel  Stewart  and 
every  officer  and  soldier  under  his  command  shared  with 
pleasure  the  toils  and  dangers  of  the  day."  In  1802  Major 
Beckwith  of  the  rifie  corps  married  Clementine,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Loughnan  of  Great  Russell  Street,  London. 
During    1805   the  corps  was  formed  into  two  battalions, 


which  were  stationed  at  Brabourn  Lees.  It  was  here  that 
a  singular  instance  of  self-control  and  magnanimity  was 
shown  by  Sidney  Beckwith,  then  commanding  the  ist 
battalion.  Some  men,  volunteers  from  the  Irish  militia, 
meeting  Mrs  Beckwith  with  her  child  and  nurse  on  the 
Ashford  Road,  most  grossly  insulted  them.  The  cul- 
prits were  discovered,  but  not  punished;  for  Colonel  Beck- 
with next  day  on  parade,  forming  the  battalion  into  square, 
addressed  them,  and  after  relating  the  outrage,  added — 
''  Although  I  know  who  the  ruffians  are,  I  will  not  proceed 
any  further  in  the  business,  because  it  was  my  own  wife 
whom  they  attacked;  but  had  it  been  the  wife  of  the 
meanest  soldier  of  the  regiment,  I  solemnly  declare,  I  would 
have  given  the  offenders  every  lash  to  which  a  court- 
martial  might  have  sentenced  them."  It  is  no  wonder  that 
by  such  acts  of  generosity,  as  well  as  by  his  leading  them 
in  the  field,  this  man  won  the  heart  of  every  soldier  in  the 

At  the  battle  of  Sabugal,  in  the  Peninsular  war,  Colonel 
Beckwith  greatly  distinguished  himself.  In  the  heat  of  the 
battle,  as  the  riflemen  were  driving  the  enemy's  skirmish- 
ers through  a  chestnut  wood,  a  man  of  the  ist  battalion, 
of  the  name  of  Flinn,  was  aiming  at  a  Frenchman,  when 
a  hare  started  out  of  the  fern  with  which  the  hill  was 
covered.  Flinn,  leaving  the  Frenchman,  covered  the  haire, 
and  fired  and  killed  his  game.  On  the  officer  of  his  com- 
pany remonstrating  with  him,  his  reply  was :  *'  Ah,  your 
honour,  sure  we  can  kill  a  Frenchman  any  day  of  the 
week,  but  it  isn't  always  we  can  bag  a  hare  for  supper." 
In  this  battle  Beckwith  was  wounded  in  the  head,  and  his 
horse  was  shot  from  under  him.  In  his  despatch,  Welling- 
ton says:  "Nothing  could  be  more  daring,  or  more 
characteristic  of  British  courage,  than  the  way  in  which 
Beckwith,  with  a  handful  of  men,  withstood  and  thrice 
repulsed  a  whole  corps  d*arm6e  placed  in  a  strong  posi- 
tion.'* At  the  close  of  the  war  in  1874,  Colonel  Beckwith 
was  made  one  of  the  first  Knight  Companions  of  the  Order 


of  the  Bath,  and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major- 
general.  He  also  received  the  gold  medal  for  the  battle 
of  Vimiera,  with  clasps  for  Corunna  and  Busaco,  having 
commanded  his  regiment  in  these  engagements.  In  1827 
he  returned  to  his  old  corps,  as  colonel-commandant  of 
the  rifle  brigade.  The  following  year  the  General  met 
with  a  sad  bereavement,  his  only  son,  Thomas  Sidney 
Beckwith,  captain  in  the  rifle  brigade,  died  at  Gibraltar, 
2ist  March,  1828.  Towards  the  end  of  his  career  he  was 
made  commander-in-chief  at  Bombay,  and  died  19th 
January,  1 831,  at  the  Mahabuleshwar  hills,  of  fever,  at  the 
age  of  58. 

The  Beckwitbs  are  an  old  Yorkshire  family.  Sir  Roger 
Beckwith  bought  the  estate  of  Aldborough  Manor  and 
Nutwithcote,  near  Masham,  at  the  end  of  the  i6th  century. 
One  of  the  family  who  had  got  into  difliculties  sold  it  in 
1743  to  the  Huttons.  A  portrait  of  Sir  Roger  Beckwith 
still  hangs  in  Aldborough  Hall. 

Sir  Sidney  Beckwith  resided  for  a  short  time  in  Rox- 
burghshire, at  which  period  (1826)  he  became  a  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club. 


Anderson,  in  his  *' Scottish  Nation,"  claims  Bell  as  a 
Border  name.  On  the  estate  of  Kirkconnell  was  a  fortified 
building  called  "  Bell's  Tour,"  or  Bell  Castle.  The  Bells  of 
Middlebie  were  well  known  in  Border  warfare,  as  is  proved 
by  the  number  of  ** peels"  which  at  one  time  belonged  to 
lairds  of  the  name  of  Bell.  Dr  Benjamin  Bell  sold  the 
estate  of  Blacket  House,  Dumfriesshire,  when  quite  a  young 
man,  to  provide  means  to  educate  his  numerous  brothers 
and  sisters. 

Dr  Bell  of  Hunthill  was  an  eminent  surgeon ;  he  was 
author  of  the  "System  of  Surgery"  and  other  medical  works, 
and  one  of  the  directors  of  the  British  Linen  Company.  He 
married  Grizel,  only  daughter  of  Professor  the  Rev.  Robert 
Hamilton,    D.D.,    by    Jean,    daughter    of   John    Hay    of 



Haystoun,  Peeblesshire.  Dr  Bell  died  at  his  house  at 
Newington,  near  Edinburgh,  on  the  4th  April,  1806,  leaving 
four  sons — George,  Robert,  William,  and  Joseph.  George, 
the  eldest,  married  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Colonel 
Andrew  Ross.^ 

Robert  Bell,        Robert  Bell,  the  second  son,  became  an  advocate.     He 

sheriff  nf 

Berwickshire   ^^^  ^^"^  ^°  1782,  and  called  to  the  Scottish  bar  in  1804. 

Mr  Bell  married  Eleanora  Jane,  third  daughter  of  Colonel 
Andrew  Ross  of  the  31st  Foot,  and  by  her  (she  died  in  1832) 
he  had  a  son  and  a  daughter.  Through  life  he  was  a  man  of 
much  activity,  both  of  body  and  mind.  He  was  appointed 
sheriff  of  the  county  of  Berwick,  and  for  many  years  filled 
the  post  of  procurator  for  the  Established  Church  of 
Scotland.  Mr  Bell  was  a  member  of  the  Bannatyne, 
Maitland,  and  Abbotsford  literary  clubs,  and  also  a  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club,  which  he  joined  in  September  1813. 
**  An  Account  of  the  Siege  of  Edinburgh  Castle  in  1689  *' 
was  the  title  of  an  historical  paper  which  he  read  before  the 
members  of  a  literary  society. 

Bell.  W.S. 


William  Bell,  W.S.,  third  son  of  Dr  Benjamin  Bell,  was 
born  in  1783.  He  passed  as  a  writer  to  the  signet  in  1807, 
and  was  for  some  time  crown  agent  during  Lord  Melbourne's 
administration.  He  married,  at  Glendoick,  in  September, 
1809,  Margaret  Jane,  youngest  daughter  of  the  late  John 
Craigie  of  Glendoick.  Mr  Bell  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  the 
same  year  as  his  elder  brother  Robert.  He  resided  for  some 
time  at  Hunthill,  the  estate  being  left  by  their  father  to  his 
four  sons.     He  died  June  19th,  1849. 


David  Blount  was  the  quartermaster  of  the  ist  regi- 
ment of  local  militia.  This  corps  had  .its  headquarters  in 
Jedburgh,  and  Mr  Blount,  being  on  the  permanent  staff,  lived 
in  the  neighbourhood.  He  was  made  an  honorary  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club  at  its  commencement  in  1810. 

^  Vi(U  Ross  Biography. 



Adam  Boyd  purchased  the  estate  of  Cherrytrees  from  a 
son  of  Patrick  Murray,  late  Sheriff  of  Roxburghshire.  The 
small  estate  of  Thirlestane  adjoining,  which  for  generations 
had  been  owned  by  a  family  of  the  name  of  Scott,  but 
had  passed  into  the  possession  of  a  Mr  George  Walker, 
was  bought  by  a  Mr  Brack.  The  dates  of  these  purchases 
are  not  mentioned,  but  among  the  list  of  subscribers  to  the 
Kelso  Bridge  fund,  dated  nth  December,  1799,  Mr  Boyd 
of  Cherrytrees  is  named  for  a  subscription  of  ;^ioo,  and  in 
the  same  list  Mr  John  Boyd,  Roxburgh,  is  mentioned  as 
giving  £^0.  At  Michaelmas  head  court,  Jedburgh,  1812, 
Richard  Brack  of  Thirlestane  is  named  as  being  present. 
After  the  purchase  of  Cherrytrees,^  Adam  Boyd  entailed 
the  estate ;  and  when  he  died,  his  nephew,  Adam  Brack, 
succeeded,  taking  the  additional  surname  of  Boyd.  Adam 
had  a  brother,  Richard,  who  owned  Thirlestane,  and  at  his 
death,  in  1823,  he  succeeded  also  to  this  estate.  Vide 
Expede,  23rd  April,  1833:  "Adam  Brack-Boyd  of  Cherry- 
tfees  served  himself  heir  to  his  brother,  Richard  Brack 
of  Girnick,  in  the  lands  of  Thirlesta*ne  and  others  [in 
non-entry  since  the  death  of  his  brother,  5th  of  March, 

Adam  Brack -Boyd  of  Cherrytrees  married  Jessie,  eldest  John 
daughter  of  the  late  James  Brunton  of  Lugton  Bridge-end,  of  Cherry- 
at  George  Square,  Edinburgh,  on  the  i6th  January,  1818.  ^^^^^' 
At  the  close  of  the  same  year  was  born  John  Brack-Boyd, 
now    of    Cherrytrees,    who    succeeded    his    father,    Adam 
Brack-Boyd,  in  1862.     Mr  Boyd  that  year  joined  the  Jed- 
forest  Club.     He  is  unmarried. 

^In  the  county  valuation  roll  of  181 1,  it  appears  that  Cherrytrees 
was  then  the  property  of  George  Murray,  and  Thirlestane  belonged  to 
George  Walker  and  George  Douglas.    This  must  be  a  mistake. 

William  Kerr  of  Cherrytrees  and  Newton,  in  the  parish  of  Bedrule, 
sold  Cherrytrees  in  1691  to  James  Murray.  Lady  Cherrytrees  was 
daughter  and  co-heir  of  Colonel  William  Kerr  of  Newton. 


William  WiLLiAM   Brack-Boyd,   youngest   son   of  Adam    Brack- 

o/paldonside  Boyd    of  Cherry  trees,   married,   in    1862,   Elizabeth    Bell, 

only  daughter  of  James  Wilsoo  of  Otterburn  and  Buchtrig, 
who  succeeded  as  one  of  two  co-heiresses  to  the  estate  of 
Faldonside,  in  the  county  of  Roxburgh,  upon  the  death 
of  Nicol  Milne  of  Faldonside,  her  maternal  uncle.  Mr 
William  B.-Boyd  is  well  known  as  an  eminent  botanist,  and 
has  occupied  the  position  of  president  of  the  Botanical 
Society  of  Edinburgh.  In  the  year  1879,  Mr  William  B.- 
Boyd was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Club.  His  eldest 
son,  who  succeeded  to  Otterburn,  held  a  commission  for 
some  years  in  a  cavalry  regiment. 


Colonel  John       Coloncl  JoHN    Patrick    Briggs,   F.R.G.S.,   second    son 
Briggs.  ^^    Colonel   J.   F.   Briggs  of  Strathairly,   county  of    Fife, 

was  born  in  1825.  He  went  to  India  as  a  cadet  and  joined 
the  40th  Bengal  Native  Infantry  in  1842.  When  the  second 
Burmese  war  took  place  in  1852,  he  was  ordered  there,  and 
was  a  deputy  commissioner  in  British  Burmah  for  several 
years.  He  retired  on  full  pay  as  lieut. -colonel.  For  a 
year  or  two  he  was  tenant  in  Linthill,  the  property  of 
William  Currie ;  afterwards  he  took  Bonjedward  and  resided 
there  for  several  years.  He  was  an  ardent  sportsman,  and  a 
good  shot.  When  hunting  with  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch's 
hounds  the  colonel  met  with  a  most  severe  accident ;  his 
horse,  when  at  full  gallop,  came  to  grief,  falling  on  him  and 
smashing  his  ankle  and  leg  in  many  places.  Dr  Jeffrey  of 
Jedburgh  with  much  skill  saved  his  leg,  but  he  never  walked 
perfectly  sound  afterwards,  as  a  portion  of  his  heel  had  to  be 
removed.  He  married  twice:  first,  a  daughter  of  A.  Lament 
of  Knockdow,  Argyllshire ;  secondly,  Louisa,  daughter  of 
Captain  Briggs,  Royal  Navy — she  died  in  1885.  Colonel 
^nggs  received  the  war  medal  for  Burmah  ;  was  a  justice  of 
the  peace  for  Roxburghshire;  and  the  author  of  ** Heathen 
and  Holy  Lands,"  published  in  1859.  He  was  popular  with 
the  county  people,  and  became  a  member  of  the  Club  in 


1866.  He  left  Roxburghshire  on  account  of  Mrs  Briggs' 
health,  and  took  a  place  in  Hampshire,  called  Wolverdene, 
near  Andover,  where  he  died  on  the  24th  of  September, 


AmoQg  the  original  members  of  the  Jedforest  Club  the  Peter  Brown 
name  of  Peter  Brown  of  Rawflat  occurs.  He  married,  in  ^  ^  * 
the  year  1799,  at  Hundalee,  near  Jedburgh,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Elliot  of  Harwood,  and  died  at  Edgerston  some- 
what suddenly.  He  left  one  surviving  son,  David,  and  four 
daughters.  One  of  these  married  Dr  Gavin  Hilson,  late 
assistant  surgeon  4th  Dragoons,  and  afterwards  a  medical 
practitioner  in  Jedburgh ;  another,  the  second  daughter, 
married  James  Pott,  W.S.,  son  of  Gideon  Pott  of  Dod  ;  the 
third  was  unmarried ;  and  the  fourth  and  youngest, 
Margaret,  married  Robert  Pringle,  Bairnkine.  She  was 
born  in  1817. 

David  Brown,  son  of  Peter  Brown  of  Rawflat,  was  born  at  David  Brown 
Brundeanlaws  in  the  year  1800.  He  was  elected  a  member 
of  the  Club  in  1823,  and  after  that  farmed  Hundalee.  He 
was  a  good-natured  man  and  a  general  favourite,  and  was 
nicknamed  **  Galloping  Davie,"  as  he  usually  rode  at  a 
hand-gallop.  He  married  three  times :  his  first  wife  was  a 
Miss  Bedford,  an  Irish  lady;  his  second.  Miss  Shortreede; 
and  his  third  wife  survived  him.  About  the  year  1846  he 
went  to  South  Wales,  having  been  appointed  agent  to  a 
large  estate  near  Brecon,  where  he  died,  in  1869. 


The  family  is  descended  from  the  Bruces  of  Blackball. 
John  Bruce  of  Blackball,  who  died  before  1760,  had  three 
sons — Thomas,  James,  and  George. 

I.  Thomas  Bruce,  Depute -Clerk  of  Session,  bad  a  son, 
George,  who  purchased  Langlee  at  the  commencement  of 
this  century.     Like  his  father,  he  became  Depute -Clerk  of 


Session.  He  married  on  the  21st  of  April,  1783,  Janet, 
daughter  of  Robert  Wedderburn  (by  Rachel,  a  daughter  of 
John  Thomson  of  Charlton),  and  by  her  had  two  sons, 
Thomas  and  Robert.  His  town  house  at  the  time  of  his 
marriage  was  in  the  West  Bow,  Edinburgh.  He  died  in 

n.  James  Bruce,  was  a  captain  in  the  African  Company, 
and  married  Isabella,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Montgomery, 
Bart.,  of  Skel,  and  had  issue  a  son  John,  who  entered  the 
Royal  Navy,  and  died  unmarried. 

III.  George,  a  major  in  the  Dutch  service,  died  in 

Thomas  Thomas    Bruce,   who    succeeded    to   Langlee    upon   his 

ofWester        father's  death,  had  a  brother  Robert — of  whom  after. 

gee.  Thomas  passed  as  a  writer  of  the  signet  in    1810,  and 

joined  the  Berwickshire  yeomanry,  his  commission  as  lieu- 
tenant being  dated  October  20th,  181 1.  He  became  a 
captain  in  December,  1825,  and  succeeded  to  the  command 
of  the  well-known  Eagle  troop  of  that  regiment,  when 
his  kinsman,  John  Spottiswoode  of  Spottiswoode,  was  pro- 
moted to  the  rank  of  major. 

Thomas  was  also  appointed  Depute -Clerk  of  Session  in 
January,  1824,  an  appointment  which  he  held  until  his 
death.  In  1818  he  was  admitted  to  the  Royal  Company 
of  Archers. 

He  married  on  the  6th  of  March,  1828,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Charles  Steuart,  W.S.,  and  by  her  had  two 
sons  and  five  daughters.  After  the  marriage  ceremony  in 
Edinburgh  they  drove  to  Langlee,  and  on  passing  through 
Galashiels  were  greeted  by  a  number  of  the  inhabitants. 
A  select  party  of  Gala  Water  folk  dined  in  the  Bridge 
Inn,  Galashiels,  and  the  toast  of  the  evening  was  '<  Health 
and  happiness  to  the  newly-wedded  couple."  Sir  Walter 
Scott  called  at  Langlee  next  day,  Friday  the  7th  March, 
to  offer  his  congratulations,  and  Mr  and  Mrs  Bruce  dined 


with  him  at  Abbotsford  that  evening.  In  December  of  that 
year,  Mr  Bruce's  mother  died,  and  Sir  Walter  Scott  wrote 
the  following  letter  of  sympathy: — 

My  dear  Sir, 

Accept    my  sincere  condolence  on  account    of  the 

death  of  your  worthy  mother,  and  transmit  my  sincere  sentiments  on 

the  subject  to  your  brother.  Mr  Robert  Bruce.    At  how  late  soever  a 

period  this  tie  of  existence  is  broken  asunder,  it  is  always  the  subject  of 

sorrow  to  well  constituted  minds. 

I  am  obliged  to  go  to  Tyninghame  to-morrow,  and  though  I  intend 

to  return  on  Monday,  yet.  having  particular  business  which  may  detain 

me  late  on  that  day,  I  fear  it  will  not  be  in  my  power  to  attend  on 

the  last  ceremony,  for  which  I  have  to  request  your  acceptance  of  this 


1  am,  with  sincere  regard, 

Dear  Sir, 

Always  your  obedient  and  faithful  servant, 

Walter  Scott. 
Edin.,  1 2th  December,  1828. 

There  was  great  excitement  in  the  Border  counties  at  the 
passing  of  the  Reform  Bill.  On  the  17th  of  August,  1832,  a 
dinner  party  at  Gala  House  was  given,  on  the  occasion 
of  the  christening  of  one  of  the  family,  at  which  some  of  the 
county  people  were  present.  On  returning  home,  Mr  and  Mrs 
Bruce  were  attacked  by  a  mob  in  Galashiels,  and  stones  and 
other  missiles  were  thrown  into  the  carriage.  Mrs  Bruce  was 
all  but  struck  on  the  forehead  by  a  large  stone,  which 
fortunately  came  in  contact  with  her  pearl  comb.  The  stone 
is  still  preserved  as  a  curiosity.  Mr  Bruce  ordered  the 
•carriage  to  be  stopped;  and  having  got  out,  addressed  the 
mob,  which  so  far  pacified  them,  and  no  further  annoyance 
was  given. 

The  interest  Thomas  Bruce  took  in  politics  is  shown  by 
the  following  conservative  invitation : — 

"The  electors  of  the  county  of  Roxburgh  resident  in 
Edinburgh  and  their  friends  attached  to  conservative 
principles  are  to  dine  in  the  Waterloo  Hotel  upon  Wednes- 
day the  9th  July.  Thomas  Bruce  of  Langlee  in  the  chair. 
Charles  Baillie  and  Alexander  Douglas,  croupiers.  Edin- 
burgh, ist  July,  1834.*' 


Mr  Bruce  built  No.  2  Glenfinlas  Street  in  1826,  and 
it  is  still  the  Edinburgh  residence  of  the  family.  He  joined 
the  Jedforest  Club  in  1837,  having  been  proposed  by  Mr 
Pringle  of  Whytbank,  and  seconded  by  Major  Oliver.  He 
died  on  May  25th,  1850,  and  is  survived  by  his  widow,  who 
has  attained  the  age  of  92.  His  eldest  son  George, 
writer  to  the  signet,  was  born  at  2  Glenfinlas  Street  on 
3rd  February,  1829;  he  sold  Langlee  on  nth  November, 
1856,  for  ^"23,500  to  Mr  Dalrymple,  whose  widow  is  now 
proprietrix.  He  was  a  director  of  the  Edinburgh  Life 
Assurance  Company,  John  Watson*s  Institution,  and  also 
of  the  Orphan  Hospital,  in  the  management  of  which  he 
took  an  active  interest.  Like  his  father,  he  was  a  staunch 
conservative.     He  died,  unmarried,  17th  July,  1892. 

His  second  son,  Charles,  was  born  also  at  2  Glenfinlas 
Street,  21st  April,  1830.  He  married,  first,  on  the  i6th 
October,  1872,  Amelia  Forbes,  third  daughter  of  the  late 
John  Beatson  Bell  of  Kilduncan,  W.S.,  who  died  i6th 
February,  1894;  ^°^»  secondly,  on  the  15th  September,  1896, 
Mary  Stuart,  youngest  daughter  of  George  Seton,  advocate, 
formerly  of  St  Bennets,  Edinburgh.  He  became  agent  for 
the  George  Street  branch  of  the  Bank  of  Scotland,  Edin- 
burgh, in  December,  i860,  and  still  holds  that  appointment. 
The  late  Thomas  Bruce  had  also  five  daughters. 

I  now  return  to  Robert  Bruce,  younger  and  only  brother  of 
Thomas  Bruce  of  Langlee.  He  was  bom  on  the  30th  of 
October,  1787,  and  died  June  29th,  1851.  He  was  an 
advocate,  and  for  forty  years  was  sheriff  of  Argyllshire.  In 
1815,  after  the  battle  of  Waterloo,  he,  along  with  Mr  Pringle 
of  Whytbank  and  John  Scott  of  Gala,  accompanied  Sir 
Walter  Scott  to  Belgium,  and  their  tour  lasted  for  several 

They  visited  the  field  of  Waterloo  on  August,  1815,  and 
breakfasted  in  the  room  in  which  the  Duke  of  Wellington 
slept  before  the  battle.  They  then  proceeded  to  the  field. 
Captain  Campbell,  A.D.C.  to  General  Adam,  who  was  in 
the  action,  described   it   minutely,  and  showed  where  the 


different  lines  were  placed.*  They  visited  Hougomont,  the 
possession  of  which  was  so  severely  contested,  and  saw 
almost  all  the  houses  in  ruins.  A  peasant's  family  occupied 
one.  They  then  visited  La  Belle  Alliance,  the  place  where 
Blucher  and  the  Duke  met  after  the  battle;  saw  John 
D'Acosta,  the  peasant  who  acted  as  guide  to  Bonaparte 
on  the  day  of  the  battle,  and  had  a  good  deal  of  conversation 
with  him.  The  tree  under  which  the  Duke  stood  was 
pointed  out,  and  it  bore  the  mark  of  a  cannon  shot.  They 
were  allowed  in  peace  and  quietness  to  walk  over  the  ground 
upon  which,  little  more  than  a  month  previous,  the  bloody 
conflict  took  place  which  may  be  said  to  have  decided 
the  fate  of  Europe.  "The  contrast  was  particularly 
striking  when  we  entered  the  garden  of  Hougomont  and 
saw  the  quiet  and  peaceful  little  arbour  it  contained.  It 
was  difficult  to  believe  that  this  was  the  place  where  such 
dreadful  slaughter  had  so  lately  been  committed." 


This  family  came  originally  from  the  county  of  Aberdeen, 
and  claim  descent  from  the  Leiths  of  Leith  Hall. 

Alex.  Leith  obtained  his  majority  in  the  Royal  Artillery 
in  1759,  and  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Havana  in  1763  in 
command  of  the  artillery.  He  married  Anne,  widow  of 
John  Milet,  by  whom  he  left  a  daughter — married  to  Lucius 
Ferdinando  Gary,  eldest  son  of  Viscount  Falkland ;  and  a 
son.  Sir  Alexander  Charles  George  Leith,  who  entered  the 
army,  and  became  lieut.-colonel  of  the  88th  Foot."  He 
was  created  a  baronet  on  the  21st  of  November,  1775,  and 

*  Lieutenant  Robert  Campbell.  7th  Foot,  A.D.C.  to  Major-General 
Frederick  Adam,  who  showed  the  party  over  the  field  of  Waterloo,  has 
his  services  thus  described  in  the  "Waterloo  Roll  Call"  by  Charles 
Dalton : — "  He  fired  the  last  gun  at  Waterloo,  and  the  gun  was  a  French 
one.  He  captured  it  in  the  sauve  qui  peut  of  the  French,  and  turned  it 
against  their  retreating  masses." 

>  The  88th  Regiment  was  disbanded  in  1785.— Vide  Army  Lists. 



was  M.P.  for  Tregony,  Cornwall,  and  died  in  1780.  Sir 
Alexander  married  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  Thomas 
Hay  of  Huntington,  a  senator  of  the  College  of  Justice,  and 
had  issue. 

Sir  George  Alexander  William  Leith,  second  baronet,  was 
a  Knight  of  the  Bath  and  major-general  in  the  army.  He 
married,  December  loth,  1798,  at  Calcutta,  when  he  was 
brigade -major  of  the  King's  troops  in  Bengal,  Albinia, 
youngest  daughter  of  Thomas  Wright  Vaughan  of  Moulsey, 
in  Surrey,  and  by  her  had  two  daughters,  who  both  died 
unmarried,  and  two  sons,  Alexander  and  George.^  Georgina, 
one  of  the  Miss  Leiths,  died  March  19th,  1828,  at  her  father's 
house,  Melville  Street,  Edinburgh,  at  the  age  of  twenty. 
George,  youngest  son  of  Major-General  Sir  George  Leith, 
married,  at  St  Andrews,  on  January  14th,  1836,  Jemima 
Campbell,  second  daughter  of  George  Ramsay. 

Sir  George  died  February  2nd,  1842,  and  was  succeeded 
by  Sir  Alexander  Wellesley  William  Leith,  third  baronet. 
He  married,  in  1832,  Jemima,  second  daughter  of  Hector 
Macdonald  Buchanan  of  Ross,  Dumbartonshire.  By  this 
marriage  there  were  three  sons,  who  all  entered  the  army — 
George,  James,  and  John.  Mr  Buchanan  was  a  member  of 
the  Scottish  bar,  and  contemporary  and  friend  of  Sir  Walter 
Scott  of  Abbotsford.  When  Sir  Walter  got  into  difficulties, 
he  assisted  him,  and  they  constantly  interchanged  visits  at 
Abbotsford  and  Ross.  After  Sir  Walter  died.  Hector 
Buchanan  was  one  of  the  trustees  of  his  son,  who  afterwards 
commanded  the  15th  Hussars.  ''The  Lady  of  the  Lake*' 
was  written  at  Ross,  and  most  of  the  characters  are  local. 
Sir  Alexander's  sister.  Flora  MacDonald  Buchanan,  figures 
as  the  *'  Lady  of  the  Lake."  Upon  the  death  of  Sir  Alex- 
ander W.  W.  Leith  in  1844,  his  eldest  son  succeeded  him  at 
the  early  age  of  nine  years. 

^3oth  of  October,  1806,  at  Armagh,  the  Lady  of  Sir  George  Leith, 
Bart.,  of  a  son. — Vide  Scots  Magazine. 


Capt.  Sir  G.  Hector  Leith-Buchanan,  fourth  baronet,  Captain  Sir 
was  born  in  1833.  He  joined  the  17th  Lancers  as  comet,  HectorLeith- 
July  loth,  1852,  and  became  captain,  March  30th,  1855,  at  ^"chanan. 
the  age  of  two-and-twenty.  When  quartered  at  Brighton,  on 
the  ist  of  March,  1856,  he  married  Ella  Maria,  eldest 
daughter  of  David  Barclay  Chapman  of  Roehampton,  Surrey. 
She  died  February  loth,  1857.  Sir  George  married,  in  1861, 
Eliza  Caroline,  only  child  of  Thomas  Tod  of  Drygrange,  and 
has  a  large  family.  Sir  George  served  through  the  latter 
part  of  the  Indian  Mutiny,  for  which  he  obtained  a  medal. 
When  he  retired  from  the  army,  he  almost  entirely  devoted 
himself  to  shooting,  and  was  one  of  the  best  pigeon  shots  at 
Hurlingham  and  the  Gun  Club.  He  lives  chiefly  at  Ross, 
and  usually  resides  during  the  winter  in  Edinburgh.  He 
succeeded  to  Drygrange  on  the  death  of  Mr  Tod,  in 
January,  1867,  and  hved  there  for  some  years.  It  was  then 
Sir  George  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  (30th  April,  1869). 
He  was  proposed  by  Captain  Cleghorn  of  Weens,  and 
seconded  by  Sir  Walter  Elliot  of  Wolfelee.  Upon  the  death 
of  his  mother  in  1877,  he  assumed  the  name  of  Buchanan  in 
conjunction  with  his  own,  on  his  succession  to  the  estate 
of  Ross.  He  sold  Drygrange  to  Edward  Sprot,  who  pulled 
<lown  the  old  house  and  built  in  its  place  a  large  mansion 
of  imposing  appearance. 







T  Tallyburton  George  Campbell,  who  succeeded  his 
^  ^  brother  as  third  baron  in  1893,  was  the  second  son 
of  Lord  Campbell.  He  was  born  in  1829;  entered  the 
Bengal  Civil  Service  in  1849,  and  retired  in  1855.  On 
his  return  to  England,  he  became  Secretary  of  Commis- 
sioners in  the  Court  of  Chancery,  and  afterwards  a  Master 
of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Judicature.  He  was  also  lieut.- 
colonel  of  the  Middlesex  volunteers.  In  the  year  1865 
he  married  Louisa  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander 
J.  B.  Beresford  Hope,  Bart.,  of  Bedgebury  Park,  one  of  the 
M.P.'s  for  Kent,  and  of  Lady  Mildred  Cecil.  His  family 
consists  of  three  sons  and  one  daughter : — Hon.  John 
Beresford— of  whom  presently ;  Hon.  Cecil  Arthur,  born 
in  1869;  Hon.  Kenneth  Hallyburton,  1871 ;  Hon.  Mildred 

Lord  Stratheden  and  Campbell  became  a  member  of  the 
Club  in  1895. 

The  first  Lord  Campbell  (Lord  High  Chancellor  of 
England) — the  present  peer's  father — married  the  Hon. 
Mary  Elizabeth  Scarlett,  daughter  of  Lord  Abinger  (who 
was  created  by  William  IV.  Baroness  Stratheden  in  1836), 
and  in  1841  this  distinguished  lawyer  was  created  Baron 
Campbell  of  St  Andrews. 

His  Lordship  purchased  the  estate  of  Stewartfield  from 
Mr  Miller  in  1845,  and  changed  its  designation  to  Hartrigge 
— a  name  which  it'  had  borne  during  part  of  the  seventeenth 
century.  The  first  recorded  owner  of  the  estate  was  Andrew 
Kirktoune,  who  is  mentioned  as  having  been  in  possession 
from  1614  to  1640.  After  this  the  estate  seems  to  have 
fallen  to  Francis  Scott  of  Mangertoun.  The  next  account 
we  have  is  of  Captain  James  Stewart  of  Stewartfield,  who 


died  in  1704,  and  was  succeeded  by  John  Stewart,  then  a 
captain,  and  afterwards  lieutenant  -  colonel.  This  officer 
was  killed  in  a  fracas  with  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot^  at  Jedburgh. 
Colonel  Stewart  had  an  only  son,  John,  who  was  served  heir 
to  his  father  in  1730.  A  family  of  Davidson  next  became 
the  owners  of  Stewartiield,  and  from  them  it  passed  to  Mr 
Miller,  who  was  related  to  the  Davidsons  by  marriage.  In 
1704  it  is  described  as  "the  Barony  of  Stewartfield:"  It 
was  Lord  Campbell  who  had  the  old  house  pulled  down  and 
the  present  mansion  built.  Jedburgh  was  flattered  when  his 
Lordship  came  to  live  in  the  district ;  and  in  1850,  when  he 
succeeded  Lord  Denman  as  Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the  Court 
of  Queen's  Bench,  the  Provost  and  Town  Council  of  Jed- 
burgh unanimously  conferred  upon  him  the  freedom  of  their 
ancient  burgh, 

Hon.  John  Beresford  Campbell  was  born  in  1866.     He  Capt.  Hon.  j. 
is  a  captain  in  the  Coldstream  Guards,  and  married,  in  1895,  coldstr^m  ' 
the  Hon.  Alice  Susan  Hamilton,  second  daughter  of  Lord  Guards. 
Hamilton  of  Dalzell.     He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Club 
in  1894. 


The  history  of  this  family  commenced  with  William 
Chisholme,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  James 
Balderstone,  and  had  two  sons,  William  and  Robert,  born 
respectively  in  1652  and  1653. 

Robert  became  sheriff-clerk  of  Selkirk,  and  founded  the 
family  of  Chisholme  of  Selkirk.  He,  along  with  his  brother 
William,  who  acquired  Stirches  or  Stirkshaws,  bought  the 
lands  of  Philip,  Rouchope,  and  Braidlee  in  1684.  William's 
marriage  is  not  traced,  but  he  had  two  sons — Walter,  the 
eldest,  who  succeeded  him,  and  William,  who  eventually 
succeeded  his  brother.     Walter  died  unmarried. 

William  Chisholme  of  Stirches  married  Anne,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Rutherfurd  of  Knowesouth,  and  had  a  son,  John, 

^  Vtde  chapter  on  Jedbargh. 


and  a  daughter,  Mary.  The  latter  child  was  born  in  1684, 
and  married  to  William  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre/  on  the  5th 
October,  1708. 

John  Chisholme  of  Stirches  purchased  from  his  cousin 
his  share  in  the  lands  of  Philip,  Rouchope,  and  Braidlee, 
in  17 1 3.  John,  during  his  mother's  lifetime,  lived  at 
Braidlee,  and  it  was  here  his  wife  died,  in  1728.  In  1736 
old  Mrs  Chisholme  died,  aged  83.  John  then  left  Braidlee 
and  lived  at  Stirches.  In  the  same  year  (1736)  his  eldest 
son,  John,  married  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander 
Scott  of  Sinton.*  The  newly  married  couple  lived  for  a 
time  in  the  old  tower  of  Stirches,  and  the  father  returned 
to  Braidlee.  In  1745  a  party  of  Highlanders,  on  their 
retreat  to  the  north,  visited  Stirches.  Mr  Chisholme  having, 
it  is  said,  a  leaning  towards  the  Stuart  cause,  treated 
them  exceedingly  well ;  for  which  hospitality  they  repaid 
him  by  driving  off  all  his  cattle.  He  died  at  Stirches  in 
1755,  at  an  advanced  age. 

John  Chisholme  of  Stirches,  who  succeeded  his  father, 
was  born  in  1712,  and  died  in  1794,  aged  82.  His  wife 
predeceased  him  by  two  years.  They  are  both  buried  in 
the  family  vault  at  Wilton.  He  left  four  sons — John,  born 
in  1737,  a  captain  in  the  79th  Regiment,  and  A.D.  C.  to 
General  Draper  in  India ;  served  at  the  defence  of  Madras 
in  1759,  and  died  at  Arcot,  of  fever,  in  1761.  Alexander 
died  young;  Gilbert,  the  third  son,  born  in  1743,  succeeded; 
William,  born  in  1749,  obtained  a  commission  as  ensign 
in  the  51st  Regiment  in  1778,  and  was  at  the  capture  of 
Minorca;  he  served  also  during  the  American  War  of  In- 
dependence. He  married  Maria,  only  daughter  of  Captain 
Charles  Eddington,  after  which  he  retired  with  the  rank  of 
captain.     He  died  at  Sheffield  in  1823. 

Gilbert  Chisholme  of  Stirches  married  in  1768  at  Posso, 
the  seat  of  Sir  James  Nasmyth,  Christina,  second  daughter 
of  Michael  Anderson  of  Tushilaw.     Gilbert,  on  the  death 

»  Vide  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre.  «  Vide  Scott  of  Sinton. 


of  his  brother  John  in  1761,  returned  from  college,  and  on 
attaining  his  majority,  went  to  London,  and  there  led  a 
fashionable  life.  The  acquirement  of  expensive  habits  and 
tastes  eventually  proved  injurious  to  his  fortune.  After  his 
marriage,  which  took  place  in  his  24th  year,  he  lived 
chiefly  at  Stirches  in  a  very  extravagant  manner.  With  the 
consent  of  his  father,  he  sold  a  portion  of  his  estate  to 
William  Chisholme,  son  of  Dr  Chisholme  of  Selkirk.^  In 
1798  Mr  Chisholme  raised  the  Hawick  volunteers,  which 
checked  the  lawless  spirit  in  the  district— one  of  the  results 
of  the  French  revolution.  In  1800  Mrs  Chisholme*  died, 
leaving  no  children.  In  her  latter  years,  she  was  not  less 
beloved  for  her  acts  of  benevolence  than  she  had  been 
admired  in  early  life  for  grace  and  beauty.  There  is  a 
pleasing  and  characteristic  incident  recorded  of  her:  when 
riding  one  day  with  her  husband  from  Tushilaw  to  Stirches, 
a  balloon  appeared  on  the  horizon.  As  it  approached,  the 
aeronaut,  the  celebrated  Lunardi,  threw  out  his  grappling 
irons,  which,  catching  among  some  strong  furze,  held  the 
balloon.  Mrs  Chisholme  expressed  a  wish  to  ascend;  and 
as  the  gas  was  not  expended,  Lunardi,  delighted  with  her 
pluck  and  spirit,  handed  her  into  the  car.  The  balloon 
rose,  and  the  wind  being  favourable,  the  venturesome  lady 
made  a  voyage  of  several  miles,  and  safely  descended  at 
Redford  Green,  where,  with  the  assistance  of  the  tenant 
and  his  servants,  the  balloon  was  secured.  Lunardi  accom- 
panied his  fair  voyager  to  Stirches,  where  her  anxious 
husband  awaited  her  return.  There  is  another  anecdote  of 
her  as  a  young  girl,  before  she  married.  She  was  on  a 
visit  to  some  friends  in  Edinburgh,  who  resided  above  the 
flat  occupied  by  the  eccentric  Lord  Monboddo.    The  young 

^  At  Edinburgh,  June  28,  1781.  Robert  Scott  of  Coldhouse,  minister  of 
Innerleithen,  to  Margaret,  daughter  of  the  late  Dr  Thomas  Chisholme  of 

*  Judging  from  a  half-length  portrait  of  Mrs  Chisholme  in  the  dining- 
room  at  Stirches,  she  must  have  been  a  very  beautiful  woman.  In  the 
same  room  is  a  portrait  of  Gilbert  Chisholme,  evidently  by  the  same 


ladies  of  the  family  had  remarked  that  his  Lordship,  after 
being  dressed  for  the  court,  usually  popped  his  head  out 
of  a  certain  window  to  note  the  weather.  One  of  the 
young  ladies  had  a  pet  kitten,  round  which  Miss  Anderson 
tied  a  long  blue  riband;  and  next  morning,  when  his  Lord- 
ship looked  out  of  the  window  she  lowered  the  kitten  by 
the  riband,  gently,  on  his  large  powdered  wig,  into  which 
it  fastened  its  claws.  To  the  amazement  of  his  Lordship, 
the  symbol  of  judicial  wisdom  slowly  ascended  and  dis- 
appeared, he  knew  not  how.  No  one  enjoyed  the  jest 
more  than  Lord  Monboddo,  when  it  was  subsequently 
made  plain  to  him,  and  the  young  lady  became  an  es- 
pecial favourite. 

The  Hawick  volunteers  having  been  disbanded,  Mr  Chis- 
holme,  at  the  request  of  Government,  re-en>bodied  them 
in  1801.  On  Monday  the  29th  March,  1802,  the  Hawick 
volunteers  fired  a  fm^de-joie^  and  thereafter  marched  to 
Stirches,  where  they  presented  Captain  Chisholme,  their 
commander,  with  a  silver  cup,  given  him  by  the  members 
of  the  corps  as  a  mark  of  respect.  The  captain  received 
the  unexpected  gift  with  much  pleasure ;  the  company  fired 
three  volleys,  and  Captain  Chisholme  entertained  them  liber- 
ally, very  much  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  corps.  In  the 
summer  of  the  same  year  he  married  a  second  time,  his 
wife  being  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Scott  of  White- 
haugh,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  and  two  daughters. 
Gilbert  Chisholme's  affairs  became  so  involved  in  18 10  that 
he  was  obliged  to  sell  Stirches.  The  purchaser  was  Cap- 
tain Michael  Anderson,  who,  however,  only  lived  four  years 
to  enjoy  his  property.  By  his  will  he  bequeathed  Stirches 
back  again  to  the  family,  and  Gilbert  Chisholme  was  once 
more  laird  of  that  estate.  He  died  on  the  4th  of  December, 
1820,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son,  John. 

John  Scott  John  Scott  Chisholme  was  born  Oct.  23, 1 810,  at  Sciennes 

?s?°^h*       House,    near    Edinburgh.      He   married   at   the    Mumrills, 

Stirlingshire,   on  the   26th  July,    1840-— the   Rev.   William 


Begg  officiating  —  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  the  late 
Robert  Walker  of  Mumrills.  In  1852  Mr  Chisholme  suc- 
ceeded to  his  maternal  uncle,  James  Scott  of  Whitehaugh, 
and  assumed  the  additional  surname  of  Scott.  Mr  Chis- 
holme, when  the  volunteer  movement  began,  was  made 
commander  of  the  Hawick  corps.  He  took  an  active  part 
in  the  promotion  of  the  railway  between  Hawick  and  Car- 
lisle. He  died  at  Stirches  on  January  the  15th,  1868,.  and 
his  funeral  was  largely  attended.  The  Hawick  volunteers 
were  present  in  full  uniform,  and  marched  from  Stirches  to 
the  grave  in  Wilton  Cemetery,  where  a  crowd  of  people 
waited  to  receive  the  cortege,  and  to  pay  a  last  mark  of 
respect  to  one  who  was  so  well  known  to  the  population  of 
Hawick,  and  to  whose  welfare  he  was  so  much  devoted. 
He  left  one  son.  Colonel  John  Scott  Chisholme,  and  two 


The  name  is  spelt  in  various  ways.  Between  the  years 
1600  and  1650,  and  even  later,  it  is  often  written  Cleggorne 
in  old  deeds  and  registers.  The  family  is  said  to  have 
come  originally  from  the  west  of  Scotland,  but  a  group 
of  families  of  that  name  was  located  in  the  parish  of 
Cramond  for  several  generations.  There  lived  in  East  Dry- 
law  house,  in  1665,  George  Cleghorn,  whose  wife  was 
Katherine  Shiell.  Among  other  issue  they  had  a  son, 

^  The  Chisholme  of  the  north,  vrho  claims  to  be  the  head  of  the  clan, 
takes  the  title  of  The  Chisholme.  The  cognomen  is  also  adopted  by  Chis- 
holme of  the  Borders  and  other  members  of  the  family.  This  rivalry  has 
often  caused  a  good  deal  of  amusement,  not  unmixed  with  wonder  to  out- 
siders. This  is  apparent  enough  from  extracts  from  the  Edinburgh  Adver- 
tiser:— "September  20,  1802 — At  Carlisle,  on  his  way  to  London,  Will 
Chisholme  of  Chisholme."  A  short  time  afterwards,  the  following  notice 
appeared  in  the  same  newspaper : — **  We  have  much  pleasure  in  contra- 
dicting the  report  of  the  death  of  W.  Chisholme  of  Chisholme,  the  Head  of 
the  Clan.  The  mistake  arose*  from  the  death  of  William  Chisholme  of 
Queen  Anne  Street.  East  London.  This  gentleman,  who  was  a  most  res- 
pectable member  of  society,  and  whose  death  is  so  much  lamented,  was 
always  ambitious  to  be  thought  the  Chief  of  the  Clan,  but  we  believe  his 
claims  to  that  appellation  were  unfounded." 


Thomas  Cleghorn  succeeded  his  father  in  East  Drylaw, 
and  married,  on  the  20th  July,  1709,  Margaret  Scott,  and 
by  her  had  four  sons,  all  born  in  East  Drylaw  house: — 
Alexander,  born  in  1710;  Walter,  born  in  1713;  James 
— of  whom  presently;  and  Thomas,  born  171 7. 

James  Cleghorn,  the  third  son,  born  on  the  24th  Feb- 
ruary, 1715,  married  in  January,  1739,  Malvina,^  daughter 
of  John  Angus,  an  eminent  solicitor.  By  this  marriage 
there  were  three  sons  and  one  daughter: — John,  born 
December,  1736,  a  midshipman  in  the  Royal  Navy, 
drowned  with  all  hands  off  the  Mauritius;  Thomas — of 
whom  hereafter;  Archibald,  born  in  1743;  ^°^  Margaret. 

Thomas  Cleghorn  of  Weens,  second  son  of  James  Cleg- 
horn, was  born  on  the  ist  of  August,  1741.  He  entered 
into  business  with  his  kinsman,  Alexander  Home,  in  1761; 
married  on  the  24th  of  March,  1778,  and  soon  after  retired 
and  resided  in  East  Lothian.  His  wife,  Mary,  was  the 
eldest  daughter  of  George  Yule  of  Gibslees."  She  was  born 
in  Fenton  tower,  near  North  Berwick,  and  her  grandmother 
was  a  daughter  of  Charles  Scott,  second  son  of  Sir  John 
Scott  of  Ancrum.  Mr  Cleghorn  died  in  1813,  at  his  house, 
12  Heriot  Row,  Edinburgh,  and  is  buried  in  St  Cuth- 
bert's  churchyard,  east  from  the  church.  He  left  two  sons 
— James,  who  inherited  Weens,  born  in  December,  1778 ; 
and  George,  born  in  1781. 

Weens,  anciently  called  Weyndis,  belonged  to  a  Thomas 
Turnbull,  who  sold  it  to  John  Scott,  brother -german  to 
Walter  Scott  in  Allanmouth  (charter  of  alienation  dated  in 
Jedburgh,  12th  April,  1606).  Weens  was  held  by  the  family 
of  Scott  until  1744,  when  John  Scott  of  Weens,  with  con- 
sent of  Marion  Elliot,  his  wife,  disposed  of  it  to  John 
Armstrong,  designed  in  Berryhill,  in  the  county  of  Nor- 
thumberland.   The  trustees  of  John  Armstrong  sold  Weens 

^Malvina's  brother  John,  a  Writer,  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Elliot  of  Stonedge  and  Howa.— Fi^^  Elliot  of  Stobs. 

<  George  Yule  married  Elizabeth  Rose,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John 
Rose,  of  Udney.  of  the  family  of  Kilravock. 


to  Adam  Cleghorn,  merchant  in  Edinburgh,  in  1760.  He 
was  succeeded  in  the  estate  by  his  brother,  David  Cleghorn, 
in  1765,  who  sold  it  in  1767  to  William  Sharp,  only  son 
of  the  deceased  John  Sharp,  tenant  in  Mackside.  William 
Oliver  of  Dinlabyre  was  the  next  purchaser;  he  bought  it 
from  William  Sharp  in  1773.  Twenty  years  afterwards,  in 
1793,  Oliver  sold  it  to  Robert  Nutter  Campbell  of  Kailzie, 
who  again  disposed  of  it,  in  1796,  to  Admiral  Thomas 
Pringle,  R.N.  On  the  death  of  the  admiral,  in  1804, 
Thomas  Cleghorn  became  the  owner. 

Captain  James  Cleghorn  of  Weens  succeeded  his  father  Capt.  James, 
in  1813.  He  was  educated  at  the  Edinburgh  university,  ®^  °™* 
and  in  Paris.  He  entered  the  army  as  an  ensign  in  the 
2ist  (or  Royal  North  British)  Fusileers  in  1796.  He  ob- 
tained his  commission  as  captain  in  1803,  and  retired  in 
1807.  Captain  Cleghorn  from  his  early  youth  was  a  great 
reader,  and  being  thus  fond  of  books,  he  eventually  acquired 
a  very  valuable  library.  He  resided  almost  entirely  in 
Paris,  and  married  there  a  French  lady,  Marie  Seraphina 
Despards,  but  had  no  family.  Captain  Cleghorn  was  elected 
a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  181 3.  When  he  died,  at 
Paris  in  1852,  his  library  was  scattered.  At  the  time  of 
his  death,  he  was  in  his  75th  year. 

In  the  year  18 15  James  Cleghorn,  who  seldom  visited 
Scotland,  exchanged  Weens,  which  then  consisted  of  Nether 
Bonchester,  Weensmoor,  Town-o*-Rule,  and  the  mill  and 
mill  lands  of  Halrule,  with  his  brother  George,  who  gave 
him  in  return  other  heritable  property.  He,  after  this, 
purchased  the  hill  farm  of  Hawkburn,  sometimes  spelt 
Hagburn,  in  the  parish  of  Melrose.  This  property  he  left 
to  his  widow  for  her  life,  and  afterwards  to  his  nephew, 
James  Charles  Cleghorn,  7th  Madras  Cavalry  (second  son 
of  George  Cleghorn),  upon  the  death  of  his  father. 

George   Cleghorn   of   Weens   was    the  second  son   of  George 
Thomas  Cleghorn   of  Weens,    by    Mary,   eldest  daughter  weens.^"  ^ 


of  George  Yule  of  Gibslees.  He  was  born  in  1781,  and 
was  educated  for  the  law,  but  never  practised.  In  1810 
the  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot,  afterwards  the  Earl  of  Minto, 
became  colonel  of  the  ist  regiment  Roxburghshire  local 
militia,  and  gave  Mr  Cleghorn  the  command  of  a  company 
in  his  regiment  (commission  signed  by  the  Duke  of  Buc- 
cleuch,  24th  October,  1810).  As  a  bachelor,  Mr  Cleghorn 
spent  much  time  on  the  Continent ;  Italy  being  the  chief 
centre  of  attraction.  There  he  studied  the  fine  arts,  to 
which  he  was  enthusiastically  devoted.  He  published  a 
work  in  two  volumes,  entitled  **  Strictures  upon  Ancient  and 
Modern  Art."  It  was  perhaps  too  scientific  to  be  popular, 
and  was  published  rather  to  gratify  his  own  taste  and  that 
of  his  artistic  friends  than  that  of  the  public.  In  1813  he 
was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  but  being  of 
a  retiring  disposition,  conviviality  had  no  charms  for  him, 
and  he  soon  withdrew  from  membership.  On  the  6th  of 
February,  1822,  at  the  Collegiate  Church,  Ripon,  Mr  Cleg- 
horn married  Maria  Catherine,  third  daughter  of  Colonel 
John  Dalton  (late  4th  Dragoons)  of  Sleningford  Park,  Yorks, 
and  Fillingham  Castle,  Lincolnshire.  Mrs  Cleghorn's  eldest 
sister,  Susan,  married  Sir  James  Charles  Dalbiac,  and  their 
only  child  married  James  Henry  6th  Duke  of  Roxburghe. 
In  politics  Mr  Cleghorn  was  a  liberal,  and  was  very 
active  in  this  advocacy  during  the  passing  of  the  Reform 
Bill.  The  erection  of  the  National  Monument  of  Scotland 
was  a  scheme  in  which  he  took  the  warmest  interest ;  he 
wrote  more  than  one  pamphlet  on  the  subject,  and  sub- 
scribed liberally  to  the  funds  collected  for  this  great  national 
object.  Latterly,  he  was  elected  deputy -chairman  of  the 
committee  charged  with  the  undertaking;  but  those  few 
picturesque  pillars  on  the  Calton  Hill  serve  to  indicate  to 
succeeding  generations  how  far  this  scheme  for  a  Scottish 
national  monument  proceeded. 

The  family  of  Mr  Cleghorn  was  as  follows : — 

George,  now  of  Weens  {vide  Tancred). 

James  Charles — of  whom  presently. 


Thomas  Angus,  born  1835,  died  at  sea  on  his  return 
from  China  in  i860. 

John  Dalton,  born  same  time,  married  Sarah,  daughter 
of  Colonel  Hawley,  U.S.A.,  and  has  a  son,  Carlos,  and  a 
daughter,  Sarah  Norcliffe. 

Mary  Norcliffe,  married  her  cousin  Charles  Dalton,  of  the 
Royal  Artillery,  afterwards  lieut.  -  general,  and  left  a 
family  of  three :  —  Colonel  James  Cecil  Dalton,  Royal 
Artillery;  Charles  Dalton  (who  married  his  cousin  Isabella 
Dalton  Norcliffe),  and  a  daughter,  Maria. 

Susan,  married  George  Mellis  Douglas,  and  had  one  son, 
George  Prescott  Douglas,  major  in  the  "  Queen's  Bays.*' 

Cecilia,  married  Arthur  Campbell  of  Catrine,  and  has 
surviving  two  sons,  Arthur  and  George,  and  one  daughter, 

Frances  Madeline,  died  in  Edinburgh,  unmarried,  in 

Mr  Cleghorn  died  at  Weens  on  the  7th  July,  1855,  aged 
74  years,  and  was  buried  at  Hobkirk  churchyard.  Mrs 
Cleghorn  died  at  4  Maitland  Street,  Edinburgh,  in  1866, 
aged  68,  and  is  buried  at  St  John's,  Jedburgh. 

James  Charles  Cleghorn  of  Hawkburn  was  born  at  J.  Charles 
Weens  in  1833.  He  was  educated  at  Edinburgh  and  at  ^  ^^^' 
Addiscombe.  In  1852,  he  obtained  a  cornet's  commission 
in  the  7th  Madras  Cavalry.  When  the  mutiny  broke  out 
he  was  at  home  on  furlough,  but  at  once  returned  to  India 
and  rejoined  his  regiment,  serving  with  it  until  the  mutiny 
was  entirely  suppressed ;  then  he  retired  from  the  service. 
Upon  the  death  of  his  father,  he  succeeded  to  the  property 
of  Hawkburn,  in  the  parish  of  Melrose.  For  several  years 
he  indulged  his  taste  for  travel.  After  visiting  the  four 
quarters  of  the  globe,  he  felt  an  inclination  to  settle  down, 
and,  accordingly,  on  the  loth  of  May,  1869,  ^^  married,  in 
Guernsey,  Sarah,  youngest  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Walker,  by  whom  ^  he  has  a  family  of  one  son  and  five 
daughters.     His  son,  Charles  Angus,  is  a  lieutenant  in  the 



Royal  Artillery.  Mr  Cleghorn  joined  the  Jedforest  Club 
in  1864.  His  residences  are,  River  House,  Twickenham; 
and  Daneswoodi  near  Woburn  Sands,  in  Bedfordshire,  for 
which  county  he  is  a  justice  of  the  peace. 

J.  Craigie, 



The  old  family  of  Craigie  of  Kilgraston  is  said  to  have 
come  originally  from  Orkney.  Lawrence  Craigie  of  Kil- 
graston became  an  advocate  in  171 2,  and  a  Baron  of 
Exchequer  in  1747.  He  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
Drummond  of  Megginch,  Perthshire,  and  had,  with  other 
issue,  a  son  John,  also  an  advocate,  who  succeeded  to  Kil- 
graston. John  Craigie  married  his  cousin  Anne,  daughter 
of  President  Craigie,  and  had  a  son  Lawrence,  who  was 
called  to  the  bar  in  1773.  Lawrence  Craigie  sold  Kilgraston 
in  1784  to  John  Grant,  Chief  Justice  in  the  island  of  Jamaica, 
in  whose  family  it  remains. 

Robert,  younger  brother  of  Lawrence  Craigie,  was  bred 
to  the  law,  and  became  a  judge  under  the  title  of  Lord 
Craigie  in  181 1.     He  died,  unmarried,  in  1834. 

John  Craigie,  another  brother,  was  for  some  time 
Commissary-General  of  Lower  Canada.  He  married  Susan 
Coffin,  widow  of  James  Grant,  and  had  a  large  family. 
Their  eldest  son  was  John,  who  was  an  advocate,  and 
afterwards  sheriff  -  substitute  for  Roxburghshire,  which 
appointment  he  filled  for  many  years.  He  purchased 
Jedbank,  and  married  Frances  Annabella,  eldest  daughter  of 
the  Rev.  W.  M.  Moreton,  of  Moreton  Hall,  by  his  second 
wife,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Rev.  Henry  Hutton, 
rector  of  Beaumont,  Essex.  On  this  marriage,  Mr  Craigie 
assumed  the  name  of  Moreton,  in  conjunction  with  his  own. 
He  joined  the  Club  on  August  31,  1836. 


Colonel  Alexander  Cumming  served  at  one  time  in 
the   7th    Bengal    Native   Cavalry,   in  which    regiment    he 


became  major  in  February,  1812  ;  lieut. -colonel  commandant 
in  May,  1825;  and  full  colonel  of  the  4th  Bengal  light 
cavalry  in  June,  1829.  With  this  rank  he  retired,  and  went 
home,  renting  Hunthill,  near  Jedburgh,  after  his  marriage 
with  Miss  Mitchelson,  daughter  of  A.  Mitchelson,  of 
Middleton,^  by  whom  he  had  several  children.  He  was 
admitted  a  member  of  the  Club  on  the  27th  September, 
1833.  Colonel  Cumming  died  at  Costerton  on  the  4th  of 
April,  1836. 


The  name  of  Cunningham  is  common  in  Ayrshire,  and 
was  anciently  written  Koningham.  The  Rev.  Alexander 
Cunningham,  M.A.  St  Andrews,  the  clergyman  of  Ettrick, 
founded  a  branch  of  this  family  in  Selkirkshire.  Charles 
I.  presented  him  with  the  living  in  1641.  Mr  Cunningham 
refused  to  conform  to  episcopacy  in  1662,  and,  in  conse- 
quence, lost  the  benefice.  About  this  time  he  became 
proprietor  of  Hyndhope,  which  his  eldest  son  inherited. 

Alexander  Cunningham,  second  son  of  the  minister  of 
Ettrick,  was  born  in  1654,  ^"^  became  a  distinguished 
historical  writer  and  diplomatist.  In  1688  he  accompanied 
the  Prince  of  Orange  to  this  country.  On  the  accession 
of  King  George  I.  he  was  employed  as  British  envoy  to 
Venice,  where  he  resided  from  171 5  to  1720.  Alexander 
Cunningham  died  in  London,  at  the  age  of  83,  in  1737.* 

James  Cunningham  was  born  in  1651,  and  succeeded  to 
Hyndhope.     He  left  issue,  a  son — 

Alexander  Cunningham  of  Hyndhope,  born  in  1694.  He 
married  about  1725,  and  had  a  large  family.  Hyndhope, 
when  sold,  was  purchased  by  Mr  Mercer  of  Scotsbank. 

^  The  estate  of  Middleton  is  in  the  County  of  Mid-Lothian  and  close  to 
Vogrie.  Colonel  Cumming  was  half  brother  to  Sir  Henry  Cumming, 
K.C.H.»  and  to  Mrs  Dewar  of  Vogrie. 

^  Vide  Craig -Brown's  ••Selkirkshire"  and  Anderson's  ••Scottish 
Nation."  The  Rev.  Alexander  Cunningham  in  his  will  declared  himself 
to  be  a  relation  of  General  Henry  Cunningham,  Governor  of  Jamaica, 
who  was  descended  from  the  Glencairn  family. 


Walter,  a  younger  brother  of  Alexander,  was  born  in  1700, 
and  married  Agnes  Elliot.  He  farmed  Hyndhope,  and 
afterwards  Thirlestane,  in  Selkirkshire. 

The  youngest  son  of  Alexander  Cunningham  of  Hyndhope 
was  Charles,  born  in  1743,  tenant  of  Newhouse.  He  married 
Agnes  Henderson*/  and  of  this  marriage  were  born  Alex- 
ander in  1797,  John  in  1801,  and  Adam. 

Alexander  Cunningham  married  Agnes  Carfrae  Walker^ 
and  had  issue,  Charles  John,  born  21st  December,  1849. 

Charles  John       Charles  J.  CUNNINGHAM  was  educated  at  the  Edinburgh 
ofMuir-  Academy,  and   afterwards  with  a   private   tutor,  with  the 

houselaw.         view  of  entering  the  army;   but  the  sudden  death  of  his 

father  altered  these  arrangements.  At  an  early  age  he 
entered  the  hunting  field,  and  rode  well  to  hounds.  It  wa& 
in  the  year  1873  that,  having  got  together  a  useful  little  stud 
of  hunters,  it  occurred  to  him  to  try  his  fortune  on  the 
steeplechase  course,  and  he  carried  out  his  idea.  During 
his  first  season  he  had  sixteen  mounts,  and  won  on  eight 
occasions.  Charlie  Cunningham  was  fortunate  enough  to* 
obtain  three  horses  all  from  one  dam — the  Russborough 
mare — which  did  him  most  excellent  service.  These  three 
noted  hunters,  whose  names  will  long  live  among  north 
country  sportsmen,  were  —  Percy,  a  son  of  Hotspur ; 
Douglas,  a  son  of  Sincerity;  and  Merry  Lass,  a  daughter 
of  Laughing  Stock.  The  three  won  no  fewer  than  fifty-one 
races  between  them  in  sixty-eight  attempts.  Percy  was^ 
however,  his  favourite.  But  one  luckless  day,  at  the 
Eglinton  Hunt  meeting,  when  Percy  was,  to  all  appearance,, 
cantering  home  an  easy  winner,  having  jumped  the  last 
fence,  he  fell  dead,  much  to  the  sorrow  of  his  popular  owner, 
who  could  not  conceal  his  distress  on  the  occasion.  Douglas,, 
like  his  stable  companion,  also  came  to  grief;  he  fell  on  the 
flat  at  Loughborough  in  making  too  quick  a  turn,  and  broke 
his  neck.     Mr  Cunningham's  name  became  conspicuous  ia 

^  Of  the  Abbotrule  family. 


the  sporting  world ;  he  distinguished  himself  not  only  in  the 
north,  but  also  in  the  far  south,  for  Sandown  and  Kempton 
know  him  well.  About  ten  years  ago  Mr  Cunningham's 
score  was  52  wins  in  100  mounts;  the  following  year  he  rode 
the  same  number  of  races,  and  won  49 ;  and  in  1886  he  won 
43  races  in  76  attempts — a  not  only  unprecedented,  but  an 
unapproached  record.  He  is  exceptionally  strong  in  the 
saddle,  and  rarely  seems  to  find  a  horse  that  will  not  do  as  he 
is  asked.  Charlie  Cunningham,  however,  is  something  more 
than  a  thorough  sportsman ;  he  fills  his  station  admirably  as 
a  county  gentleman.  Whether  it  be  in  the  ball-room  or  the 
county  council — in  political  controversy  or  in  society — he 
commands  success  by  his  energy  of  character.  He  purchased 
Muirhouselaw  from  the  late  Mr  John  Ord,  and  has  done 
much  towards  the  improvement  of  the  estate.  He  is  a 
justice  of  the  peace  for  the  county  of  Roxburgh;  county 
councillor  for  the  parishes  of  Morebattle  and  Hownam  ;  was 
an  officer  in  the  Border  Mounted  Rifles  until  disbanded ;  and 
is  one  of  the  senior  members  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  having 
joined  it  in  1879.  Mr  Cunningham  married,  in  1873, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  the  late  Joseph  Crossley  of  Halifax, 
and  has  a  large  family. 

John  Cunningham  married,  on  the  30th  of  April,  1839,  James  W.  P. 
Eleanor  Brodie,  and  had,  among  other  issue,  James  W.  B. 
Cunningham,  born  9th  October,  1846.  He  was  tenant  of 
Grahamslaw,  and  succeeded  to  the  estate  of  Abbotrule  on 
the  death  of  David  Henderson,  his  cousin.  He  married 
Julia  Dinsdale,  daughter  of  John  Marshall  Barwick  of 
Lowhall,  Yeadon.  Mr  Cunningham  died  on  the  30th  July, 
1891,  and  was  buried  in  Southdean  Churchyard.  His  family 
consists  of  Charles  Alexander,  now  a  minor,  and  two 
daughters.  Mr  Cunningham  became  a  member  of  the  Club 
on  his  succession  to  Abbotrule. 

Alexander   Curie,  bom   in    Kelso    on    loth    July,    1757, 
married   on   27th  December,    1782,    Margaret,  daughter  of 



William  Oifmiston,  a  member  of  the  old  family  of  Ormiston 
of  Westhouses,  and  proprietor  of  certain  lands  in  the  High 
Cross  of  Melrose.  Alexander  Curie  died  on  i6th  November, 
1 815,  being  predeceased  by  his  wife  in  1808.  They  had 
several  children,  and  their  eldest  son,  James,  was  bom  in 
Kelso  on  29th  March,  1789.  He  was  bred  to  the  law,  and 
served  his  apprenticeship  with  Charles  Erskine,  of  Shielfield, 
then  writer  in  Melrose,  and  in  a  few  years  was  taken  into 
partnership  with  him,  the  firm  being  Erskine  &  Curie.  In 
1 81 2  he  was  admitted  a  notary,  and  the  certificate  of  his 
admission  bears  the  signature  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  then  a 
Clerk  of  Session.  Charles  Erskine  held  a  number  of  public 
appointments  in  connection  with  county  work;  he  was  the 
Duke  of  Buccleuch*s  baron  bailie  in  Melrose,  and  he  was 
sheriff-clerk  in  Selkirkshire  under  Sir  Walter  Scott.  With 
Sir  Walter  he  stood  on  terms  of  intimate  relationship, 
acting  for  him  in  many  of  the  negotiations  which  resulted 
in  the  purchase  of  the  various  portions  of  the  Abbotsford 
estate.  Upon  his  death  in  1825  James  Curie  succeeded  him 
in  most,  if  not  all  his  appointments,  and  in  his  connexion 
with  Abbotsford  and  the  Scott  family,  which  has  continued 
with  his  descendants.  He  married  on  3rd  June,  1816, 
Isabella,  daughter  of  Robert  Romanes,  writer  in  Lauder, 
who  was  born  on  22nd  October,  1794,  and  died  on  14th 
January,  1885.  In  the  years  1835  and  1840  he  succeeded  to 
the  lands  of  High  Cross,  Melrose,  as  heir  to  Adam  Ormiston, 
his .  uncle.  Adam  Ormiston  was  commonly  known  as 
Captain  Ormiston,  from  his  rank  in  the  local  militia  or 
volunteers.  He  was  a  friend  of  Sir  Walter  Scott's,  and 
appears  in  the  introduction  of  "  The  Monastery  "  and  **  The 
Fortunes  of  Nigel"  under  the  soubriquet  of  Captain  Clut- 
terbuck.  James  Curie  purchased  in  1833  the  lands  of 
Millmoimt  and  Gattonside  Haugh;  in  1836  the  lands  of 
Evelaw,  in  the  parish  of  Westruther ;  and  in  1852  the  lands 
of  East  Morriston,  in  the  parishes  of  Legerwood  and  Gordon, 
in  Berwickshire.  He  died  on  i6th  September,  1861.  His 
family  consisted  of — 


Alexander — of  whom  hereafter. 

James,  who  succeeded  to  Evelaw,  married  Marion  White 
Passmore,  daughter  of  Major  William  Rous  Newlyn  of 
the  Madras  Staff  Corps,  and  has  issue. 

Agnes,  married  Robert  Don  Gillon  Fergusson,  of  Isle, 
Dumfriesshire,  and  has  issue. 

Margaret  Ormiston,  deceased;  married  Richard  Parnell, 
M.D.,  and  had  no  issue. 

Isabella,  deceased;  married  William  Towers  Clark  of 
Wester  Moffat,  and  left  issue. 

Eliza,  married  (ist)  James  Russel  of  Blackbraes,  Stirling- 
shire, by  whom  she  had  issue ;  (2nd)  George  Bliss  McQueen, 
late  captain  6oth  Rifles. 

Alexander  Curie  was  born  2nd  February,  1819.  He  was 
educated  at  the  High  School  of  Edinburgh,  and  the 
University  there,  and  subsequently  taken  into  his  father's 
business.  On  nth  September,  i860,  he  married  Christian, 
only  daughter  of  Sir  James  Apderson,  knight,  of  Blair- 
vaddick,  Dumbartonshire,  and  who  represented  the  Stirling 
burghs  in  Parliament  from  1852  to  1859.  On  his  father's 
death,  Alexander  Curie  succeeded  to  East  Morriston  and  his 
lands  in  Melrose,  which,  during  his  life,  he  added  to  by  the 
purchase  of  various  portions — among  others,  in  1875,  the 
property  of  Priorbank,  now  known  as  Prior  wood,  the  old 
name  of  the  lands  having  been  reverted  to.  Previous  to  its 
possession  by  the  Black  family,  from  whom  Mr  Curie 
purchased  it,  Priorwood  belonged  to  Mr  Tait,  of  **Tait's 
Magazine  ;  "  before  him  to  General  Goudie,  and  earlier  still, 
to  the  Riddells  of  Camieston.  It  was  part  of  the  old  property 
lands  of  Melrose  Abbey,  and  indeed  it  seems  probable  that 
some  of  the  outbuildings  of  the  Abbey  stood  upon  the 
orchard,  or  garden.  In  digging,  quantities  of  hewn  stones 
have  been  found,  and  several  large  flooring  tiles,  one  of 
which,  decorated  with  a  large  /Uur  de  lys,  is  of  a  type  well 
known  in  connexion  with  early  ecclesiastical  builditigs. 
He  was  a  J. P.  for  Roxburgh  and  Berwick,  and  throughout 
his  life  took  a  keen  interest  in  all  matters  relating  to  the 


county,  and  more  particularly  his  native  town.  Alexander 
Curie  died  on  5th  January,  1897,  leaving  issue,  three  sons 
and  four  daughters,  viz.: — 

James — of  whom  hereafter. 

Robert  Anderson. 

Alexander  Ormiston,  W.S.,  married,  30th  June,  1898, 
Katharine  Wray,  second  daughter  of  George  Tancred  {vide 

James  Curie         James     Curle     was    bom    on    the    27th     March,    1862, 

of  East  •' 

Morriston.       and,   like  his   predecessors,  was  brought  up  to  the  study 

of  the  law.  After  completing  his  apprenticeship  in  Edin- 
burgh, he  was  admitted  a  Writer  to  the  Signet  in  1886, 
and  shortly  thereafter  became  a  member  of  his  father's 
firm.  On  the  institution  of  the  county  council,  Mr 
Curie  was  elected  representative  for  Melrose,  and  has 
continued  to  represent  it  ever  since.  He  is  also  a  member 
of  the  parish  council.  Keenly  interested  in  all  matters 
relating  to  archaeology,  he  is  an  F.S.A.  and  F.S.A.  Scot.; 
of  the  latter  society  being  a  member  of  the  council,  and 
occupying  the  post  of  Honorary  Librarian.  Mr  Curie 
possesses  parts  of  the  lands  of  Melrose,  of  Gattonside,  of 
Darnick,  and  of  Newstead,  and  his  titles  have  an  interest 
in  connexion  with  the  old  village  life  in  these  places.  Each 
of  these  villages  in  the  times  of  the  Abbey  formed  a  separate 
community.  Under  the  Lords  of  the  Regality,  each  village 
held  its  charter  as  a  community,  its  lands  being  for  the  most 
part  undivided,  and  the  feu-duty  payable  being  assessed  on 
the  community,  and  not  on  the  individuals  who  composed  it. 
In  any  matter  affecting  the  welfare  of  the  whole  regality,, 
such  as  the  appointment  of  a  schoolmaster,  each  of  the 
villages  sent  two  representatives  to  confer  with  the  baron 
bailie  at  Melrose.  These  representatives  were  often  the 
**burleymen'*  who  were  elected  in  the  village  to  arbitrate 
in  local  disputes.  In  the  charter  of  the  lands  of  Newstead, 
the  Pryorwood  Cross  formed  one  of  the  boundary  marks; 
and  it  is  probable  that  its  site  was  on  the  field  known  as  the 


cross  rig,  although  traditionally  it  is  said  that  this  field 
is  burdened  with  the  upkeep  of  the  Mercat  Cross  of  Melrose, 
a  burden  which,  however,  does  not  appear  on  the  titles. 
Another  field  on  Priorwood  is  known  as  the  Monk's  Meadow, 
from  which  it  is  supposed  the  abbey  got  the  water  for  its 
brewhouse,  as  the  little  stream  which  flows  from  it  still 
bears  the  name  of  the  Tunhouse  Pool  Burn.  Mr  Curie  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1897. 


Robert  Dalrymple,  who  resided  near  Dysart,  in  the  James 
county  of  Fife,  had  a  son,  James,  whom,  owing  to  a  ofLangLe. 
mercantile  connexion  with  India,  he  sent  out  to  the  East. 
In  the  course  of  time  young  Dalrymple  was  made  a  partner 
in  the  well-known  Indian  house  of  R.  Watson  &  Co.,  indigo 
and  silk  merchants.  He  acquired  a  good  fortune,  and, 
returning  to  Scotland,  purchased  from  Mr  Bruce  the 
estate  of  Langlee,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Galashiels. 
There  he  built  a  handsome  modern  house,  commanding  a 
good  view  of  the  surrounding  country.  In  1870  he  was 
admitted  a  member  of  the  Club,  and  he  died  in  1877. 
Mr  Dalrymple  married,  in  1845,  Christian,  daughter  of 
Mr  Reddie  of  Redhouse,  by  whom  he  had  two  daughters, 
co-heiresses.  He  married  a  second  time,  in  1852,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  James  Milne  of  Mains,  Aberdeenshire,  who 
survives  him,  but  has  no  children.  Of  the  two  daughters, 
the  eldest  died  unmarried;  Christian,  the  second  daughter, 
married,  in  1872,  Captain  Forbes  Gordon  of  Rayne, 
Aberdeenshire,  late  79th  Highlanders,  and  by  her  had  a 
son,  Arthur  Dalrymple,  born  in  1873.  Mrs  Gordon  died 
the  same  year.  Mr  Dalrymple  was  a  justice  of  the  peace 
for  Roxburghshire  and  Berwickshire,  in  which  county  he 
owned  the  estate  of  Greenknowe. 


Throughout   Scotland,   the  name   of    Dickson   has  been 
long   associated    with    forestry   and    horticulture.      Robert 


Dickson,  the  founder  of  the  family,  was  one  of  the  pioneers 
of  forestry,  introducing  the  cultivation  of  forest  trees,  and 
supplying  plants  not  only  for  local  use,  but  for  foreign 
export ;  and  to  him  and  his  descendants  Roxburghshire, 
in  particular,  is  much  indebted  for  the  fine  timbered 
estates  still  represented  in  the  county.  I  have  mentioned 
in  another  memoir  that  Scott  of  Bonchester  and  Bennet 
of  Chesters  had  previously  cultivated  nurseries  for  forest 
trees  on  their  lands,  with  some  success;  and,  apparently, 
these  useful  gardens  originated  in  Roxburghshire.  When 
Robert  Dickson  first  commenced  his  career  at  Hassendean- 
burn,  he  was  only  a  tenant  there;  he  owned,  however,  a 
portion  of  Weensland,  and  some  other  property  near  Hawick. 
He  died  20th  February,  1744,  and  was  survived  by  his  wife 
until  17th  February,  1758,  when  she  died,  aged  78.  He 
was  succeeded  by  his  son — 

Archibald  Dickson,  born  in  1718;  married  Christian, 
daughter  of  James  Thomson,  Midshiels.  He  carried  on 
his  father's  business  with  energy,  and  was  instrumental 
in  extending  it  to  other  parts  of  Scotland.  Archibald 
purchased  the  farm  of  Huntlaw,  and,  afterwards,  Hassen- 
deanburn.  His  death  took  place  in  1791,  and  that  of 
his  wife  occurred  at  Hassendeanburn  on  Saturday  the 
28th  of  November,  1799.  Archibald's  children  were  as 
follows : — 

I.  Robert,  who  succeeded  his  father. 

Agnes,  married  Dunlop  of  ^yhitJnuirhall,  born  1743. 

II.  James  of  Alton,  born  22nd  April,  1746. 

Janet,  became  Mrs  Clark  of  Flatfield,  born   i8th  May, 
Margaret,  Mrs  TurnbuU  of  Greenhouse,  born  7th  April, 


III.  William  of  Bellwood,  born  25th  June,  1753. 

IV.  Archibald  of  Housebyres,  born  i8th  August,  1755. 
Elizabeth,   Mrs  Scott   of  Wauchope,  born   4th   August, 


V.  Walter  of  Chatto,  born  6th  August,  1759. 


Christian,  who  became  Mrs  Henderson,  born  15th  Janu- 
ary, 1762. 

I.  Robert  Dickson  of  Huntlaw  was  born  in  174^*  ^^ 
married  Beatrix,  daughter  of  George  Pott  of  Todrig,  and, 
secondly,  a  daughter  of  Charles  Scott  of  Wool.  By  his 
first  marriage  he  had  two  sons  and  two  daughters,  as 
follows : — 

Archibald    Dickson    of    Hassendeanburn,    married,    in  a.  Dickson. 
March,  1812,  Hannah,  daughter  of  Adam  Stavert  of  Hos-  ^^''^^''' 
cote   (and   Anne,   daughter  of  John    Brownell),   and  died, 
without  children,  at  Hassendeanburn,  February  22nd,  1846. 
He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1813. 

George,  who  settled  in  Edinburgh  and  conducted  the 
business  in  that  city,  married  a  Miss  Campbell.  He  also 
died  childless  on  the  3rd  of  October,  1825.  The  two 
daughters,  Elizabeth  and  Christian,  died  unmarried. 

II.  James  Dickson  of  Alton,  bom  in  1746,  married 
Christian  Turnbull,  and  left  issue — Archibald,  Andrew, 
and  Isabella. 

Archibald  married  his  cousin  Christian,  daughter  of 
Charles  Scott  of  Wauchope.  He  was  a  banker,  and  died 
during  his  father's  lifetime,  at  Fushiebridge,  while  on  his 
way  to  Edinburgh  with  his  wife  and  her  maid  in  181 9, 
leaving  two  sons,  James  and  Charles. 

James  Dickson  of  Alton  and  Pinnaclehill  married  Char-  j.  Dickson 
lotte,  daughter  of  Captain  Vigors,  and  widow  of  Mr  Lodor.  of  Alton. 
They  had  no  children.  Mr  Dickson  became  insane,  and 
was  placed  in  the  Royal  Edinburgh  Asylum.  He  died  at 
Morningside  Cottage,  13th  August,  1846.  His  Pinnaclehill 
property  went  to  Scott  of  Wauchope,  and  Alton  to  the 
next  heir  male.     He  joined  the  Club  in  1837. 

Charles,  the  younger  son  of  Archibald,  died  unmarried. 

Andrew,  younger  son  of  James  Dickson,  and  brother  of 
Archibald,  succeeded  to  Alton,  and  died  unmarried.  He  left 
Alton  to  Wm.  Richardson,  the  son  of  his  sister,  Isabella,  who 
had  married  William  Richardson,  a  merchant  in  Hawick. 



William  Richardson  Dickson  of  Alton,  born  in  1806, 
assumed  the  additional  surname  of  Dickson.  His  wife  was 
Mary,  a  daughter  of  Robert  Mitchell,  merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh. He  died  in  1852,  leaving  an  only  son,  William, 
and  two  daughters,  Jessie  and  Isabella. 




William  Richardson  Dickson  of  Alton  and  Chisholm, 
born  5th  September,  1846;  married,  1873,  Jessie,  daughter 
of  David  Colville,  merchant,  Glasgow.  He  died  at  Chis- 
holm,  6th  May,  1881,  aged  34.  Mr  Dickson  was  elected  a 
member  of  the  Club  in  1869.  The  estate  of  Chisholm  was 
bought  by  his  trustees  during  his  minority.  He  left  two 
daughters ;  the  eldest,  Blanche  Margaret,  is  his  successor. 

Both  Jessie  and  Isabella,  sisters  of  the  laird  of  Chisholm, 
were  married  —  the  former  to  Captain  Herbert  Barron, 
72nd  Highlanders;  and  the  latter,  first  to  George  Greig 
of  Eccles,  and  afterwards  to  George  Dove,  tenant  of  St 
Boswells  Bank. 

HI.  William  Dickson  of  Bellwood,  Perth,  was  born  in 
1753.  He  carried  on  that  important  branch  of  the  business 
which  extended  to  the  Highlands  of  Scotland.  The  mag- 
nificent plantations  and  forests  in  Perthshire  are  a  testi> 
mony  to  the  result  of  his  long  sojourn  in  the  county  towii, 
where  he  was  much  respected.  He  died  in  1835,  leaving 
his  business  and  the  property  of  Bellwood  to  his  nephew, 
Archibald  TurnbuU,  son  of  his  sister  Margaret. 

IV.  Archibald  Dickson  of  Housebyres  was  born  at 
Hawick  in  1755.  He  married  Marion,  daughter  of  Andrew 
Fisher  of  Housebyres,  to  which  property  he  succeeded. 
His  marriage  contract  is  dated  13th  November,  1783.  He 
died  at  Hassendeanburn,  February  23,  1841,  leaving  issue: — 

1.  Andrew,  who  went  to  Australia,  and  died  there. 

2.  Archibald  Dickson  of  Chatto,  60th  Bengal  native  in- 
fantry. He  retired  in  1836,  and  died  at  Pembroke  Square, 
Kensington,  8th  May,  1846.  He  had  a  son,  Archibald 

Archibald  William  Dickson,  captain   in   the    17th   Regi- 


menty  who  was  disinherited.  He  left  one  son,  Archibald, 
now  laird  of  Hassendeanburn. 

3.  Robert  Dickson,  a  surgeon,  died  7th  July,  181 2,  on 
board  the  ship  "Anne,"  on  his  way  to  Batavia. 

4.  Walter  Dickson,  born  1797;  became  a  W.S.  in  1823, 
and  died,  unmarried,  9th  July,  1843. 

5.  James  Dickson  of  Chatto  and  Housebyres  married,  at  Jas.  Dickson 
Todshawhaugh,  January  31,   1827,  Christian,   daughter  of  ^       **^°' 
Robert   Scott.     In  the  year   1837  he  joined  the  Jedforest 

Club.  He  acquired  Bughtrig  and  Castlelaw.  His  family 
consisted  of  two  sons  and  two  daughters.  Mr  Dickson 
died  in  1876,  leaving  his  landed  property  to  his  eldest  son 
Archibald,  and  his  share  as  partner  of  Dickson  &  Laing, 
Hawick,  to  his  younger  son  William,  who  for  a  time  carried 
on  the  business. 

William  Dickson  lived  at  Wellfield,  near  Hawick,  and  William 
became  a  member  of  the  Club  in  1868;  and,  being  fond  of     ^^  *°^* 
society,  was  a   regular  attendant  at  its  meetings.     Some 
years  before  his  death  he  sold  out  the  business  and  pur- 
chased Morelands,  Grange  Loan,  Edinburgh,  where  he  died. 
He  never  married,  and  left  all  he  had  to  his  sister  Marion. 

Marion  Fisher  Dickson,  unmarried,  also  died  at  More- 
lands,  and  was  succeeded  by  her  brother  Archibald. 

Jane  died  before  her  sister,  unmarried. 

Archibald — of  whom  presently. 

6  and  7,  Alexander  and  William,  youngest  sons  of  No. 
IV.  (Archibald  Dickson  of  Housebyres),  died  without  issue. 

Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Housebyres,  married,  at 
Hawick,  December  16,  181 1,  William  Whitehead  Winter- 
bottom,  of  Huddersfield. 

Christian,  unmarried. 

Marion,  who  married  Mr  Grieve,  Skelfhill. 

V.  Walter  Dickson  of  Chatto,  born  6th  August,  1759, 
died  at  Redbraes,  near  Edinburgh,  on  the  19th  of  June, 
1836.     He  left  his  estate  to  his  nephew  James. 

Archibald  Dickson  of  Chatto,  Hassendeanburn,  Bught-  Col.  Dickson. 


rig,  Castlelaw,  succeeded  James  Dickson,  his  father,  in 
1876.  He  was  educated  for  the  Scottish  bar,  and  became 
an  advocate  in  1852,  but  never  practised.  Mr  Dickson 
entered  the  Haddington  artillery  as  captain  in  1862  ;  he 
became  major  in  1875 ;  and  afterwards  lieut. -colonel,  with 
which  rank  he  retired.  The  present  fine  mansion-house  at 
Hassendeanburn  was  built  by  Colonel  Dickson  a  short 
time  before  he  married.  His  marriage  took  place  in  1880 
with  Alice  Florence,  daughter  of  J.  W.  Seaburne  May,  and 
sister  of  Captain  May,  Royal  Navy.  He  was  made  a 
member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1876.  He  died  on  the 
9th  of  April,  1895,  without  children ;  and  all  his  estates 
and  personalty  he  left  to  his  wife  absolutely,  except  the 
estate  of  Hassendeanburn,  which  was  entailed  upon  Archi- 
bald Dickson,  grandson  of  Major  Archibald  Dickson  of 
Chatto.  Colonel  Dickson  is  buried  in  Minto  churchyard, 
where  other  members  of  his  family  have  been  interred. 


The  surname  of  Dodd,  or  Dod,  as  it  is  spelt  in  some  early 
records,  is  of  Scandinavian  origin,  signifying  a  conical  hill; 
and  in  the  northern  counties  of  England,  and  particularly  in 
Northumberland,  it  is  well  known.  The  family  was  one 
of  considerable  importance  in  Tynedale  in  times  gone  by, 
where  they  were  one  of  the  four  "graynes"  of  the  district, 
and  they  appear  to  have  taken  their  share  in  the  disturbances 
during  the  centuries  of  lawlessness  on  the  Borders.  In  a 
document  dated  1498,  quoted  in  the  "  Historical  Evidences 
of  North  Tynedale"  (p.  29)  Gilbert  Dodd  of  Smalesmouth 
appears  among  those  released  from  the  ban  of  excom- 
munication by  Richard,  Bishop  of  Durham,  one  of  the 
conditions  being  that  they  shall  not  ''enter  a  church  or  place 
consecrated  to  God  with  any  weapon  exceeding  the  length  of 
a  cubit."  In  a  letter  from  King  James  V.  to  Henry  VIII., 
published  in  the  State  papers,  the  former  relates  that  '*  The 
"  greatest  attempts  that  was  done  against  our  legys  (lieges) 
**  during  the  hale  war  has  been  committed  upon  our  Middle 


**  Marches  by  certain  your  legys  of  the  surname  of  Doddis, 
**  Charltonis,  and  Mylbornis,  under  the  care  of  Schir  Rauf 
**  Fenwick,  who,  on  the  6th  daye  of  this  instante  monthe^ 
*'  has,  cummin  within  the  grounds  of  Teviotdale,  reft  and 
"  spoilzied  sundrie  gudis,  murdyrit  five  men,  and  utheris  left 
"in  perill  of  deid."  In  1585  Sir  John  Forster,  warden  of 
the  Middle  Marches,  vainly  endeavoured  to  heal  the  feuds 
existing  between  the  surnames  of  the  English  and  Scottish 
Borders;  and  the  Dodds  were  one  of  the  surnames  of 
north  Tynedale  who  maintained  a  constant  *'  blood  feud " 
with  the  Scots,  the  others  being  the  Charltons,  the  Robsons, 
and  the  Millburns. 

Sometime  about  the  middle  of  the  i8th  century  Anthony 
Dodd  of  Bellshield,  in  Northumberland,  married  Jane  Reed, 
a  daughter  of  John  Reed,  of  Old  Town,  the  representative 
of  an  old  Northumberland  family,  the  Reeds  of  Old  Town 
and  Troughend.  Anthony  Dodd  and  his  wife  had,  besides 
other  children,  four  sons : — 

I.  Simon  Dodd,  who  rented  Catcleuch,  in  Redesdalc,  and 
resided  there.  He  was  the  senior  ensign  when  the  Rox- 
burghshire  local  militia  was  organised  in  1809.  He  died 
unmarried  in  1840. 

2  and  3.  John  and  Gilbert,  who  both  died  unmarried, 
predeceasing  Simon. 

4.     Nicholas,  of  Bellshield,  born  August  26th,  1790,  who  Nicholas 
succeeded  his  father.  BdUsWeW. 

Mr  Dodd,  as  a  young  man,  was  a  great  athlete,  a  keen 
sportsman,  and  one  of  the  best  shots  of  his  day  on  the 
Border.  He  was  a  large  stock  farmer  on  both  sides  of 
the  Border,  and  among  others  rented  the  farms  of  Nisbet 
and  Mossburnford  in  Roxburghshire.  In  politics  Mr  Dodd 
was  a  staunch  conservative.  The  following  amusing 
anecdote  is  related  of  him : — One  market  day  in  Jedburgh 
he  met  the  Hon.  John  Elliot,  M.P,  for  the  county.  They 
were  both  powerful,  heavy  men,  weighing  about  20  stones, 
and  a  dispute  arose  as  to  which  of  the  two  men  was  the 


heavier.  To  settle  the  point,  they  adjourned  to  an  adjoining 
shop,  kept  by  Mr  Allan,  and  referred  the  matter  to  the 
scales.  Dodd  weighed  Elliot  up,  and,  as  he  did  so, 
remarked  with  a  smile,  *'  Whigs  are  always  found  wanting 
when  weighed  in  the  balance."  Nicholas  Dodd  was  a 
member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  and  died  at  the  age  of  63, 
on  the  i2th  of  August,  1853.  Mr  Dodd  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  James  Bruce  of  a  Stirlingshire  family  residing 
in  Edinburgh,  and  by  her  had  several  sons  and  daughters : — 

Jane  Reed,  who  married  John  Ord  of  Over  Whitton  and 
Muirhouselaw,  and  died  in  1898. 

James,  resident  at  Hundalee  Cottage,  is  married,  and  has 

Nicholas,  tenant  of  Nisbet,  Roxburghshire. 

Simon  Anthony,  late  captain  48th  Regiment. 

Mary,  wife  of  A.  Beatson  Bell  of  Kilduncan,  late  chairman 
of  the  Prison  Commissioners  for  Scotland. 


The  first  of  the  Dons  was  a  writer  in  Kelso,  and  drew 
up  the  deed  which  regulated  the  Roxburghe  succession.  He 
obtained  possession  of  the  mailings  of  Kelso,  and  converted 
them  into  the  estate  now  called  Newton  Don. 

Alexander  Don,  first  baronet,  is  styled  before  1646  *'por- 
tioner  of  Little  Newton.*'*  About  that  date  he  acquired 
Newton,  and  on  the  27th  January,  1666,  had  a  crown 
charter  erecting  various  lands  into  the  Barony  of  Newton. 
He  afterwards  became  sheriff  of  Berwickshire,  and  was 
created  a  baronet  of  Nova  Scotia  in  1667.  He  married 
Isobel,  daughter  of  John  Smith,  messenger  in  Duns,  and 
had  a  numerous  family : — 

I.  James  Don,  succeeded  to  the  estate,  and  was  the 
second  baronet  of  the  name. 

1  In  the  charter  of  confirmation  to  Andrew  Ker  of  Greenhead  in  the 
lands  of  St  Thomas's  Chapel,  Maxwelhaugh,  Bridgend,  and  signed  by  the 
Duke  of  Roxburghe,  1663.  one  of  the  witnesses  is  Alex.  Don.  Newtowne, 
and  the  charter  is  written  by  Adam  Edgar,  servant  to  Patrick  Don. 


II.  Sir  Alexander  Don  of  Rutherford,  knight,  married 
Anne,  daughter  of  George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  and  died 
without  issue  in  1712.  His  nephew.  Sir  Alexander  Don, 
inherited  Rutherford. 

III.  Patrick  of  Auldtownburn,  married,  on  June  26th,  1683, 
Anne,  daughter  and  heiress  of  John  Wauchope  of  Edmon- 
stone,  and  this  family,  now  Don  Wauchope,  have  inherited 
the  baronetcy. 

IV.  Anne,  married  James,  fourth  Lord  Cranstoun. 

V.  Margaret,  married  Sir  James  Murray  of  Philip- 
haugh  ;  and  her  granddaughter,  Mary,  afterwards  married 
her  second  cousin.  Sir  Alexander,  fourth  baronet  of  New- 

VI.  Jean,  first  married  Sir  Andrew  Ker  of  Green- 
head*  (1664);  and,  upon  his  death.  Sir  Roger  Hog  of 
Harcarse  (1685). 

VII.  Isabel,  married  Andrew  Edmonstone  of  Ednam. 
Sir  James  Don,  second  baronet,  married  Marion,  daughter 

of  Scott  of  Gorren  berry.  From  the  kirk -session  records 
of  19th  June,  1700,  it  appears  that  the  session  of  Nenthorn 
resolved  to  make  a  collection  to  build  a  bridge  over  the 
Eden,  "as  one-half  of  the  parish  is  detained  frequently 
from  the  kirk  by  the  water."  The  bridge  was  to  be  of 
wood,  with  some  stonework  at  the  abutments,  and  Sir 
James  Don  offered  two  great  trees.  Sir  James  died  before 
1 718,  leaving  children. 

Sir  Alexander  Don,  third  baronet,  inherited  Rutherford 
from  his  uncle  in  1712.  He  married  in  July,  1705,  Mar- 
garet,  daughter  of  John  Carre'  of  Cavers  and  West  Nisbet. 
He  died  at  Northallerton,  in  Yorkshire,  on  April  nth,  1749, 
on  his  way  to  Aix  la  Chapelle,  where  he  intended  staying 
for  the  benefit  of  his  health.     His  body  was  brought  back 

1  Viie  Scott  Ker  of  Chatto.  «  Carre  of  Cavers  Carre. 

To  "  Notes  on  Newton  Don,"  by  C.  B.  Balfour,  Berwickshire  Natural- 
ists' Club  Proceedings,  1892I-93.  I  am  indebted  for  the  information 
concerning  the  Don  family. 


to  Kelso,  where  it  was  interred  in  the  family  burial  place. 
I^ady  Don  survived  him,  and  died  at  Coldstream,  24th 
August,  1767;  they  had  issue: — 

I.  Alexander,  who  became  fourth  baronet. 

II.  Thomas,  born  17 18. 

III.  Patrick,  born  1718,  died  22nd  February,  181 1.  He 
obtained  his  captain's  commission  in  1775,  and  was  serv- 
ing in  1780  as  captain  3rd  Buffs. 

IV.  James  of  Revelaw,  ob,  s,p,  14th  August,  1743. 

Sir  Alexander  Don,  fourth  baronet,  inherited  Revelaw  from 
his  brother  James.  In  1750  he  married  his  second  cousin, 
Mary,  daughter  of  John  Murray  of  Philiphaugh.*  Sir  Alex- 
ander was  a  member  of  the  Kelso  lodge  of  freemasons, 
which  he  entered  in  1751,  as  appears  from  the  minutes  of 
the  lodge.  He  died  on  2nd  September,  1776,  leaving  two 
sons  and  a  daughter: — 

I.  Alexander,  who  became  fifth  baronet ; 

II.  George,  afterwards  General  Sir  George  Don,  G.C.B., 
born  1754  I  ^^^ 

III.  Elizabeth,  who  married,  in  1776,  Francis  Scott  of 
Beechwood,  second  son  of  Walter  Scott  of  Harden. 

George  was  the  most  distinguished  of  the  Don  family. 
He  joined  the  51st  Foot  in  1770  at  Minorca,  and  during 
his  military  career  saw  much  active  service.  At  a  most 
critical  period  in  the  history  of  this  country,  when  a  French 
invasion  was  daily  expected,  he  was  appointed  deputy  ad- 
jutant-general for  Scotland,  and  a  large  body  of  volunteers 
placed  under  his  command.  He  chose  Dunbar  as  a  con- 
venient rendezvous  in  case  of  an  emergency,  and  was  most 
zealous  in  the  performance  of  his  important  duties.  Gen- 
eral Don  was  equerry  to  the  Duke  of  Cambridge,  colonel 

^  An  object  of  antiquarian  interest  connected  with  the  Don  family  of  this 
period  has  been  restored  by  Mr  C.  B.  Balfour.  It  consists  of  a  lion  carved 
in  stone,  which  bears  a  shield  impaling  the  arms  of  Mary  Murray  with 
those  of  Sir  Alexander  Don.  It  now  acts  as  a  sun-dial.  The  dial,  which  is 
of  bronze,  and  was  found  among  some  lumber  in  the  joiner's  shop,  bears 
the  name  "  Richard  Carr,  1665." 


of  the  36th  Regiment  (i8i8),*G.C.B.,  G.C.H.,  G.C.M.G. 
He  was  transferred  to  the  Buffs  as  colonel  (1829),  and 
made  governor  of  Scarborough  Castle  (1831).  He  married 
a  daughter  of  General  the  Honourable  James  Murray,  5th 
son  of  Lord  Elibank.  General  Sir  George  Don  died,  ist 
January,  1832,  at  Gibraltar,  and  was  buried  there  with  full 
military  honours  in  the  garrison  church,  where  a  monu- 
ment is  erected  to  his  memory.  At  that  time  he  was  act- 
ing as  governor  of  the  fortress. 

Sir  Alexander  Don,  fifth  baronet,  was  born  in  1751,  and 
married,  in  1778,  Lady  Harriet  Cunningham,  daughter  and 
afterwards  heiress  of  the  13th  earl  of  Glencairn,  the  14th 
and  15th  earls  dying  without  heirs.  Sir  Alexander  took 
an  active  interest  in  founding  the  episcopal  church  in 
Kelso,  and  obtained  a  feu  in  17739  on  which  the  church 
now  stands,  from  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe.  The  Dons  be- 
came hereditary  trustees  of  the  church  and  church  property. 
The  baronet  also  took  a  leading  part  in  originating  the 
^*  Border  Society,"  now  represented  by  the  "  Border  Union 
Agricultural  Society.'*  A  meeting  was  held  at  Newton 
Don  in  181 2,  at  which  Sir  Alexander  and  his  son,  Mr 
Hood  of  Hardacres,  Nisbet  of  Mersington,  Walker  of 
Wooden,  John  Riddell,^  Grahamslaw,  and  Mr  Jerdon,  factor 
of  the  Newton  estate,  were  present ;  and  it  was  resolved  to 
call  a  public  meeting  in  Kelso,  on  22nd  January,  18 13,  to 
take  into  consideration  the  propriety  of  forming  an  agricul- 
tural society.  The  "  Border  Society  *'  was  the  outcome,  and 
Sir  Alexander  Don  was  the  first  vice  -  president.  His 
children  were  —  Alexander,  who  succeeded ;  Mary,  and 

A  sad  catastrophe  happened  to  both  these  girls.  On  Sun- 
day afternoon,  the  7th  of  June,  1795,  the  two  Miss  Dons, 
accompanied  by  Miss  Wilson,  second  daughter  of  Dr  Wilson, 
physician  in  Kelso,  and  Miss  Ramsay  from  Edinburgh,  went 
for  a  walk,  by  the  bridge,  to  the  island  in  the  Eden.     On 

^  John  Riddell  was  an  original  member  of  the  Club. 


their  return  home,  they  resolved  to  cross  the  water  at  the 
nearest  point,  although  considerably  swollen  by  the  rains, 
rather  than  go  round  by  the  bridge.  Miss  Don  got  safely 
through,  but  Miss  Ramsay,  in  following  her,  was  carried 
down  by  the  current,  when  Miss  Don,  rushing  in  to  her 
assistance,  unfortunately  perished.  This,  it  is  said,  is  all  that 
Miss  Ramsay  recollected,  and  she  could  not  even  tell  how 
she  herself  was  saved.  Miss  Mary  Don  and  Miss  Wilson 
ran  to  their  assistance,  and  both  shared  the  unfortunate 
fate  of  Miss  Don.  The  distracted  state  of  Miss  Ramsay,  on 
getting  out  of  the  water  and  missing  her  companions,  pre- 
vented any  discovery  of  the  fatal  accident,  till  a  woman, 
going  to  cross  the  Eden  by  the  bridge,  saw  the  body  of  Miss 
Mary  Don  floating  down  the  rivulet.  The  woman  immedi- 
ately gave  the  alarm,  but,  alas!  too  late  to  save  their 
lives,  as  every  means  used  for  their  recovery  proved  in- 
effectual. <*The  untimely  fate  of  these  three  ladies,  thus 
suddenly  cut  off  in  the  bloom  of  youth,  in  the  generous 
attempt  to  save  their  companion  from  perishing,  has  thrown 
an  air  of  melancholy  over  almost  every  countenance."  {Vide 
"  Edinburgh  Advertiser,"  i6th  June,  1795.)  Sir  Alexander 
died  in  1815  and  Lady  Harriet  in  1801. 

Sir  Alexander       Sir  Alexander  Don,  sixth  baronet.     It  has  been  said  of 

ofNew^n '      ^^^    ^^^^     ^®    ^^^    **  ^^®    model    of    a    cavalier    in    all 
^on.  courteous  and  elegant  accomplishments."     He  was  born  in 

1780,  and  after  completing  his  education  he  went  to 
Paris,  which,  to  a  young  man  of  his  tastes,  had  special 
attractions.  He  was  in  France  in  1803,  when  Napoleon 
issued  his  edict  against  foreigners  leaving  the  country, 
and  he  was  in  consequence  detained  there  until  1810. 
He  had  succeeded  to  the  estate  of  Ochiltree,  in  Ayrshire, 
on  his  mother's  death,  and  was  therefore,  in  a  pecuniary 
sense,  quite  independent  of  his  father.  However,  his 
generous  nature  and  expensive  habits,  combined  with 
a  love  for  the  turf,  soon  placed  him  in  difficulties.  The 
sale  of  Ochiltree  for  a  time  squared  his  debts,  and  he  turned 


his  attention  to  politics,  and  became  in  the  year  1812 
member  of  parliament  for  Roxburghshire.  The  present 
house  of  Newton  Don  was  commenced  in  181 7  from  plans 
by  the  well  known  Sir  R.  Smirke.^  Sir  Alexander  spared  no 
expense  in  the  erection  or  furnishings  of  the  house.  The 
gardens  and  surroundings  were  all  laid  out  according  to  the 
fashion  of  the  day,  and  the  work  was  completed  in  18 19.  Sir 
Alexander  devoted  the  remaining  years  of  his  life  to  racing, 
politics,  and  the  society  of  his  friends.  He  became  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  April,  181 1. 

Sir  Alexander  Don's  first  wife  was  Lucretia,  daughter  of 
G.  Montgomerie  of  Garboldisbam  Hall,  Norfolk.  After- 
wards he  married,  at  Edinburgh,  Grace,  eldest  daughter  of 
John  Stein,  M.P.  for  Bletchley,  who  bore  him  a  son  and  a 
daughter — (i)  William  Henry,  his  successor;  and  (2)  Alexina 
Harriet,  who  married  (1844)  Frederick  Acclom  Milbank, 
second  son  of  Mark  Milbank  of  Thorp  Perrow,  Bedale, 
Yorks.    He  was  created  a  baronet  in  1882,  and  has  issue. 

Sir  Alexander  died  in  1S26,  and  being  an  old  friend  of  Sir 
Walter  Scott,  the  following  extract  from  the  novelist's  jour- 
nal is  recorded." 

"April  13,  1826. — On  my  return  from  my  walk  yester- 
day, I  learnt  with  great  concern  the  death  of  my  old 
friend,  Sir  Alexander  Don.  He  cannot  have  been  above 
six  or  seven -and -forty.  Without  being  much  together, 
we  had,  considering  our  different  habits,  lived  in  much 
friendship,  and  I  sincerely  regret  his  death.  His  habits 
were  those  of  a  gay  man,  much  connected  with  the  turf; 
but  he  possessed  strong  natural  parts,  and,  in  particular, 
few  men  could  speak  better  in  public  when  he  chose.  He 
had  tact,  with  power  of  sarcasm,  and  that  indescribable 
something  which  marks  the  gentleman.  His  manners  in 
society  were  extremely  pleasing,  and,  as  he  had  a  taste  for 
literature  and  the  fine  arts,  there  were  few  more  agreeable 

^^i__i_ i_  _        1.  -  — -— 

^Sir  Alexander  and  Lady  Don,  before  the  house  of  Newton  Don  was 
built,  lived  at  Ancnim  House. 
«  Vide  Lockharfs  "  Ufe  of  Sir  Walter  Scott." 



companions,  besides  being  a  highly  spirited,  steady,  and 
honourable  man.  His  indolence  prevented  his  training  these 
good  parts  towards  acquiring  the  distinction  he  might  have 
attained.  He  was  among  the  detenus  whom  Bonaparte's 
iniquitous  commands  confined  so  long  in  France;  and, 
coming  into  possession  of  a  large  estate,  in  right  of  his 
mother,  the  heiress  of  the  Glencairn  family,  he  had  the 
means  of  being  very  expensive,  and  probably  then  acquired 
those  gay  habits  which  rendered  him  averse  to  serious 
business.  Being  our  member  for  Roxburghshire,  his  death 
will  make  a  stir  amongst  us.  I  prophesy  Harden  will  be 
here  to  talk  about  starting  his  son  Henry,"  &c.,  &c.  And, 
yet  another  extract: — "April  i8,  1826. — This  morning  I 
go  to  Kelso  to  poor  Don's  funeral." 

Sir  William  Henry  Don,  seventh  baronet,  was  born  4th 
May,  1825.  Soon  after  his  father's  death,  in  1826,  a  sale  took 
place  of  the  furniture  in  the  mansion-house,  and  portions 
of  the  estate  were  sold  at  different  times  to  satisfy  the 
most  urgent  of  the  creditors.  In  1847,  when  Sir  William 
attained  his  majority,  the  remainder  of  the  estate,  which 
was  now  reduced  from  3330  to  1225  acres,  was  sold  to 
Charles  Balfour,  brother  of  James  Maitland  Balfour  of 
Whittinghame.  Sir  William  was  present  at  the  Eglinton 
tournament  on  the  28th  to  30th  August,  1839,  when  a 
lad,  and  acted  as  page  to  Lady  Montgomerie.  He  joined 
the  5th  Dragoon  Guards  as  cornet  on  3rd  January,  1842, 
and  was  extra  aide-de-camp  to  the  Lord  -  Lieutenant  of 
Ireland  in  1844.  He  got  his  promotion  the  following  year, 
and  left  the  army  over  head  and  ears  in  debt.  From 
his  boyhood  he  had  a  taste  for  the  stage,  and  he  now 
adopted  it  as  a  profession,  and  appeared  at  the  Broadway 
Theatre,  New  York,  in  1850.  He  remained  some  years  in 
America,  and  married  there.  He  returned  home  in  1856, 
when  he  visited  Glasgow,  Edinburgh,  and  Dublin,  before 
proceeding  to  the  Haymarket  Theatre  in  London.  At 
Dublin  he  had  quite  an  ovation  from  the  officers  of  the 
garrison,  more  particularly  the  cavalry  brigade.    Sir  Wil- 


liam  Don  seemed  greatly  pleased  with  his  reception,  and 
said  that  <<the  last  time  he  had  the  pleasure  of  being  in 
Dublin  he  was  an  officer  of  the  5th  Dragoon  Guards  and 
aide-de-camp  to  the  Lord-Lieutenant,  and  used  to  drive 
his  four  chestnut  horses  in  Grafton  Street — now  he  appeared 
before  them  in  the  light  of  a  poor  actor,  and  hoped  to 
obtain  their  patronage.*'  In  Edinburgh  he  found  his  old 
regiment,  the  5th  Dragoon  Guards,  at  Piershill.  His 
**  benefit "  took  place  at  the  Theatre-Royal  on  12th  Decem- 
ber, 1856,  under  the  patronage  of  Colonel  M'Mahon  and 
the  officers  of  the  5th  Dragoon  Guards.  He  played  the 
part  of  Charles  Surface  in  "The  School  for  Scandal." 
Sir  William  and  Lady  Don  finally  went  to  the  Australian 
colonies,  where,  after  a  most  successful  round  of  engage- 
ments, the  actor -baronet  broke  down  in  health.  Tasmania 
was  recommended  for  a  change  of  air,  but  Sir  William's 
extraordinary  career  came  to  an  end  at  Hobart  Town, 
where  he  died  on  the  19th  March,  1862,  at  the  early  age 
•of  37- 




nPHE  name  of  Douglas  is  of  great  antiquity,  and  its  origin 
entirely  unknown.  So  much  has  already  been  written 
about  this  baronial  and  powerful  family,  whose  name  is  so 
intimately  connected  with  the  Borders  and  the  early  history 
of  Scotland,  that  in  this  little  memoir  I  shall  merely  attempt 
to  link  the  ancestral  connexion  and  gallant  deeds  of  former 
generations  with  a  branch  of  the  family,  '*  Douglas  of  Cavers," 
still  located  in  Teviotdale,  and  represented  in  the  female 
line.  The  Cavers  branch  is  descended  from  James  Douglas, 
second  earl,  who  fell  at  Otterburn.  He  is  supposed  to 
have  left  two  illegitimate  sons — William,  the  elder,  from 
whom  the  Queensberrys  claim  descent ;  and  Archibald,  the 
younger,  who  was  ancestor  of  the  Cavers  family. 

William  de  Douglas,  son  of  Archibald,  was  created  Earl 
of  Douglas  by  David  H.  in  1357.  He  was  at  the  battle 
of  Poictiers  (1356).  He  commanded  a  body  of  Scots  troops 
that  defeated  the  governor  of  Berwick  (Musgrave),  near 
Melrose,  in  1378.  The  earl  died  in  1384,  and  left  issue — 
James  Douglas,  second  earl,  who  was  killed  at  Otterburn 
in  1388.  His  son  Archibald,  the  younger,  is  said  to  have 
borne  his  father's  banner  at  the  battle,  and  the  earl  charged 
him  '<to  defend  it  to  the  last  drop  of  his  blood."  As  no 
man  on  horseback  can  defend  a  banner  as  well  as  carry  it, 
both  hands  being  occupied,  young  Douglas,  I  have  no 
doubt,  defended  it,  but  a  stout  retainer  carried  it.  (Vide 
White's  "History  of  the  Battle  of  Otterburn,"  page  131, 
and  "  Stavert  Memoir.")  The  following  is  a  condensed 
account  of  the  battle  from  Froissart's  narrative: — 

The  author  claims  to  have  received  his  information  from  knights  and 
squires  of  both  sides  who  had  taken  part  in  the  battle,  and  who  agreed 
that  it  was  the  "  hardest  and  most  obstinate  battle  that  was  ever 


The  Earls  of  Douglas,  Mar,  and  Moray,  having  made  an  incursion  into 
England,  and  wasted  the  country  between  Newcastle  and  Durham,  the 
Earl  of  Northumberland  sent  his  sons  and  others  to  Newcastle  to  meet 
them,  going  himself  to  Alnwick  to  cut  off  the  retreat  of  the  Scots.  The 
Scotch  earls,  having  overrun  the  bishopric  of  Durham,  came  to  Newcastle 
on  their*  homeward  way.  "  and  there  rested  and  tarryed  two  dayes,  and 
every  day  they  skrymyrshed.  The  Erie  of  Northumberland's  two  sonnes 
were  two  yonge  lusty  knyghtes,  and  were  ever  formoste  at  the  barryers  to 
skrymyrshe ;  there  were  many  proper  feates  of  armes  done  and  atchyued ; 
there  was  fyghtyng  hande  to  hande;  (amonge  other)  there  fought  hande 
to  hande  the  erle  Duglas  and  Sir  Henry  Percy,  and  by  force  of  armes  the 
erle  Duglas  wanne  the  penon  of  S3rr  Henry  Percyes,  where  with  he  was 
sore  dyspleased.  and  so  were  all  the  englysshmen :  and  the  erle  Duglas 
sayd  to  Sir  Henry  Percy— Sir,  I  shall  beare  this  token  of  your  prowes  into 
Scotlande,  and  shall  sette  it  on  hyghe  on  my  castell  of  ^Iguest  (Dalkeith), 
that  it  maye  be  sene  farre  of.^  Syr.  quod  Sir  Henry,  ye  maye  be  sure  ye 
shall  not  passe  the  boundes  of  this  countrey  tyll  ye  be  met  withall,  in 
suche  wyse  that  ye  shall  make  none  avaunte  thereof.  Well,  syr.  quod 
the  erle  Duglas,  come  this  nyghte  to  my  lodgynge  and  sekefor  your  penon. 
I  shall  sette  it  before  my  lodgynge.  and  se  if  ye  will  come  to  take  it  away." 

Such  was  the  incident  which  led  to  the  battle.  Percy  did  not  accept 
Douglas'  challenge,  and  the  Scots-Rafter  waiting  to  give  him  a  full  chance 
of  so  doing — withdrew  and  came  to  Otterbum.  There  they  assailed  the 
castle,  but  failed  to  take  it ;  whereupon — in  order  that  Percy  might  have 
a  further  opportunity  of  retrieving  his  pennon — Douglas  proposed  that  two 
or  three  days  should  be  devoted  to  besieging  the  castle.  "Every  man 
accorded  to  his  saying,  what  for  their  honour  and  for  the  love  of  hym ; 
also  they  lodged  there  at  their  ease,  for  there  was  none  that  troubled 
theym :  they  made  many  lodgynges  of  bowes  and  great  herbs,  and  lortifyed 
their  campe  sagely  with  the  maresse  that  was  thereby. — and  their  caryages 
were  sette  at  the  entre  into  the  maresses,  and  had  all  their  beestes  within 
the  maresse.  Then  they  aparelled  for  to  saute  the  next  day ;  this  was 
their  entencyon."^ 

Meantime  the  English — after  a  debate  in  which  Percy's  desire  to 
pursue  the  Scots  was  overruled  by  more  prudent  counsels — had  received 
information  that  the  small  force  which  they  had  already  seen,  consti- 
thted  the  entire  Scottish  armament,  and  also  that  the  Bishop  of  Durham, 
having  raised  the  country,  was  advancing  to  their  assistance — without 
however,  waiting  for  the  latter,  Percy  at  once  started  in  pursuit  of  the 
Scots.  (At  this  point,  in  my  quotations,  I  abandon  the  antiquated 
spelling  and  phraseology  of  the  translation  of  Lord  Berners  in  favour 
of  a  more  modern  version.)  "  As  the  Scots  were  supping — some,  indeed, 
were  gone  to  sleep,  for  they  had  laboured  hard  during  the  day  at  the 
attack  of  the  castle — the  English  arrived  and  mistook,  at  their  entrance, 

'-  Henry  Percy's  pennon,  so  called  by  historians,  is  preserved  at  Cavers  House. 
It  appears  to  be  a  pair  of  leather  hawking  cufifs  bearing  the  white  Hon  of  the  Percyti 
embroidered  in  pearls.  They  are  evidently  the  work  of  a  lady,  and  were  attached  to  the 
spear-head  of  Percy's  lance  as  a  pledge  of  his  lady  love. 


the  hats  of  the  servants  for  those  of  their  masters.  They  forced  their 
way  into  the  camp,  shouting  out  '  Percy,  Percy ! '  In  such  cases,  yon 
may  suppose,  an  alarm  is  soon  given ;  while  the  lords  were  arming  them- 
selves, they  ordered  a  body  of  their  infantry  to  join  the  servants  and 
keep  up  the  skirmish.  As  the  men  were  armed,  they  formed  themselves 
under  the  pennons  of  the  three  principal  barons,  who  each  had  his 
particular  appointment. 

"  During  this,  the  night  advanced,  but  it  was  sufficiently  light ;  for 
the  moon  shone,  and  it  was  the  month  of  August,  when  the  weather  is 
temperate  and  serene. 

"When  the  Scots  were  quite  ready,  and  properly  arrayed,  they  left 
their  camp  in  silence,  but  did  not  march  to  meet  the  English.  They 
skirted  the  side  of  a  mountain  that  was  hard  by ;  for,  during  the  preced- 
ing day,  they  had  well  examined  the  country  around,  and  said  among 
themselves,  '  Should  the  English  come  to  beat  up  our  quarters,  we  will 
do  so  and  so,'  and  thus  settled  their  plans  beforehand,  which  was  the 
saving  of  them. 

"The  English  had  soon  overpowered  the  servants;  but,  as  they 
advanced  into  the  camp,  they  found  fresh  bodies  ready  to  oppose  them, 
and  continue  the  fight.  The  Scots,  in  the  meantime,  marched  along  the 
mountain  side  and  fell  on  the  enemy's  flank  quite  unexpectedly,  shouting 
their  cries.  This  was  a  great  surprise  to  the  English,  who,  however, 
formed  themselves  in  better  order,  and  reinforced  that  part  of  their  army. 
The  cries  of  '  Percy '  and  '  Douglas'  resounded  on  each  side.  The  battle 
now  raged :  great  was  the  pushing  of  lances,  and  very  many  of  each 
party  were  struck  down  at  the  first  onset.  The  English  being  more 
numerous.^  and  anxious  to  defeat  the  enemy,  kept  in  a  compact  body  and 
forced  the  Scots  to  retire,  who  were  on  the  point  of  being  discomfited. 

"The  Earl  of  Douglas,  being  young  and  impatient  to  gain  renown  in 
arms,  ordered  his  banner  to  advance,"  shouting  *  Douglas,  Douglas ! ' 
Sir  Henry  and  Sir  Ralph  Percy,  indignant  for  the  afiront  the  Earl  of 
Douglas  had  put  upon  them,  by  conquering  their  pennon,  and  desirous  of 
meeting  him,  hastened  to  where  the  sounds  came  from,  calling  out 
•Percy,  Percy!' 

"  The  two  banners  met,  and  many  a  gallant  deed  of  arms  ensued.  The 
English  were  in  superior  strength,  and  fought  so  lustily  they  drove  back 
the  Scots.    .    .     .    The  knights  and  squires  of  either  party  were  anxious 

^  Froissart  computes  the  Scotch  force  at  300  spears  and  3000  others ;  that  of  Percy 
at  600  spears,  knights  and  squires,  and  8000  footmen.  He  estimates  the  losses  thus  :— 
English— taicen,  1040;  slain,  1840.    Scots— taken,  njore  than  200;  slain,  loo. 

"The  Douglas  Banner,  a  most  Interesting  and  ancient  relic,  is  also  preserved  at 
Cavers  House.  It  Is  thirteen  feet  long  and  in  wonderful  preservation.  Some  antiquar- 
ians cast  a  doubt  upon  its  authenticity,  having  the  opinion  that  no  linen  or  silk  fabric 
could  remain  Intact  for  300  years.  This  statement,  however,  has  been  refuted  by  what 
came  to  light  not  long  ago  at  Canterbury,  when  the  tomb  of  Hubert  Walter,  Archbishop 
of  Canterbury,  who  died  in  1205,  was  opened.  Only  his  bones  remained,  but  these  lay  in 
the  vestments  in  which  the  body  was  interred  nearly  700  years  ago.  The  linen  was  found 
to  be  considerably  decayed,  but  the  amber  silk  on  which  the  embroidery  13  worked  is  in 
very  fair  preservation. 


to  continue  the  combat  with  vigour  as  long  as  their  spears  should  hold. 
Cowardice  was  there  unknown,  and  the  most  splendid  courage  was  every- 
where exhibited  by  the  gallant  youths  of  England  and  Scotland.  They 
were  so  closely  intermixed  the  archers'  bows  were  useless,  and  fought 
hand  to  hand.  .  .  .  The  £arl  of  Douglas,  who  was  of  high  spirit, 
seeing  his  men  repulsed,  seized  a  battle-axe  with  both  his  hands,  like  a 
gallant  knight,  and,  to  rally  his  men,  dashed  into  the  midst  of  his  enemies 
and  gave  such  blows  on  all  around  him  that  no  one  could  withstand  them, 
but  made  way  for  him  on  all  sides.  Thus  he  advanced  like  another 
Hector,  thinking  to  recover  and  conquer  the  field  from  his  own  prowess, 
until  he  was  met  by  three  spears  that  were  pointed  at  him — one  struck 
him  on  the  shoulder,  another  on  the  stomach  near  the  belly,  and  the  third 
entered  his  thigh.  He  could  never  disengage  himself  from  these  spears, 
but  was  borne  to  the  ground  fighting  desperately.  From  that  moment  he 
never  rose  again.  Some  of  his  knights  and  squires  had  followed  him,  but 
not  all ;  for,  though  the  moon  shone,  it  was  rather  dark.  As  soon  as  he 
fell,  his  head  was  cleaved  with  a  battle-axe.  the  spear  thrust  through  his 
thigh,  and  the  main  body  of  the  English  marched  over  him  without  pay- 
ing any  attention,  not  supposing  him  to  be  their  principal  enemy.  .  .  . 
His  men  had  followed  him  as  closely  as  they  were  able,  and  there  came  to 
him  his  cousins,  Sir  James  Lindsay.  Sir  John  and  Sir  Walter  Sinclair, 
with  other  knights  and  squires.     .     .     . 

"  Sir  John  Sinclair  asked  the  earl,  '  Cousin,  how  fares  it  with  you  ? ' 
*  But  so  so,'  replied  he.  '  Thanks  to  God  there  are  but  few  of  my  ancestors 
who  have  died  in  chambers  or  in  their  beds.  I  bid  you.  therefore,  revenge 
my  death,  for  I  have  but  little  hope  of  living,  as  my  heart  becomes  every 
minute  more  faint.  Do  you,  Walter  and  Sir  John  Sinclair,  raise  up  my 
banner,  and  continue  to  shout  '  Douglas ! '  but  do  not  tell  friend  or  foe 
whether  I  am  in  your  company  or  not ;  for,  should  the  enemy  know  the 
truth,  they  will  be  greatly  rejoiced.' 

"  The  two  brothers  Sinclair  obeyed  his  orders.  The  banner  was  raised 
and  '  Douglas '  shouted.  Their  men,  who  had  remained  behind,  hearing 
the  shouts  of  '  Douglas,  Douglas  1 '  so  often  repeated,  ascended  a  small 
eminence,  and  pushed  their  lances  with  such  courage  the  English  were 
repulsed,  and  many  killed  or  struck  to  the  ground.  The  Scots,  by  thus 
valiantly  driving  the  enemy  beyond  the  spot  where  the  Earl  of  Douglas 
lay  dead — for  he  had  expired  on  giving  his  last  orders— arrived  at  his 
banner,  which  was  borne  by  Sir  John  Sinclair.  Numbers  were  continually 
increasing,  from  the  repeated  shouts  of  '  Douglas ! '  and  the  greater  part 
of  the  Scots  knights  and  squires  were  now  there.  The  Earls  of  Moray 
and  March,  with  their  banners  and  men.  came  thither  also.  When  they 
were  thus  collected,  and  perceiving  the  English  retreat,  they  renewed  the 
battle  with  greater  vigour  than  before.  ...  In  this  last  attack  they 
so  completely  repulsed  the  English,  they  could  never  rally  again,  and 
drove  them  far  beyond  where  the  Earl  of  Douglas  lay  on  the  ground.  Sir 
Henry  Percy,  during  this  attack,  had  the  misfortune  to  fall  into  the  hands 
of  the  lord  Montgomery,  a  very  valiant  knight  of  Scotland. 

118  AmfALS  OF  A  BORDER  CLUB. 

**  The  battle  was  very  bloody  from  its  commencement  to  the  defeat ;  but 
when  the  Scots  saw  the  English  were  discomfited  and  surrendering  on  all 
sides,  they  behaved  courteous  to  them,  saying.  '  Sit  down,  and  disarm 
yourselves,  for  I  am  your  master/  but  never  insulted  them  more  than  if 
they  had  been  brothers.  The  pursuit  lasted  a  long  time,  and  as  far  as 
five  English  miles." 

From  Archibald,  the  second  illegitimate  son  of  the  second 
Earl  of  Douglas,  was  descended,  in  direct  succession,  Sir 
William  Douglas,  sheriff  of  Teviotdale.  During  the  civil 
war  he  took  the  side  of  the  parliament,  and  was  one  of 
those  from  the  Scottish  army  sent  to  treat  with  Charles  I. 
He  married  Ann,  daughter  of  Douglas  of  Whittinghame, 
and  was  succeeded  by  Archibald,  his  eldest  son. 

Sir  Archibald  Douglas,  knight,  of  Cavers,^  served  in  the 
army  of  the  parliament.  He  purchased,  in  1658,  the  lands 
of  Denholm  and  Spittal.  Sir  Archibald  married  Rachel, 
daughter  and  heir  of  Sir  James  Skene  of  Halyards,  presi- 
dent of  the  Court  of  Session.  Their  united  arms  may  still 
be  seen  rudely  carved  over  the  kitchen  chimney  at  West- 
gatehall,  Denholm.  He  died  in  1669,  not  long  after  his 
father,  and  his  son  succeeded  him. 

Sir  William  Douglas,  knight,  of  Cavers,  married  Kather- 
ine,  daughter  of  Thomas  Rigg.  She  was  better  known 
as  the  "good  Lady  Cavers."  Her  sufferings  during  the  per- 
secution may  be  found  in  "Wodrow"  and  "The  Ladies  of 
the  Covenant."  She  was  a  prisoner  in  Stirling  Castle  from 
November,  1682,  to  December,  1684,  with  the  exception  of 
three  months,  during  which  she  was  released  on  bail,  for 
the  recovery  of  her  health.  Her  son,  returning  from  abroad, 
gave  a  bond  that  she  should  conform  or  leave  the  country 
within  fourteen  days.  She  chose  the  latter,  and  went  to 
live  in  England.  Sir  William  was  deprived  of  the  sheriff- 
ship of  Teviotdale  for  not  complying  with  the  instructions 
of  Government.     He  died  in  1676,  leaving  five  sons  (one 

^Sir  Archibald  Douglas  had  a  daughter  Anna,  who  married  Robert 
Bennett  of  Chesters,  son  of  Ragwell  Bennett  (contract  of  marriage  dated 
April  19th,  1652,  at  Yearlsyde ;  vide  Edgerston  Papers) 


of  them  being  born  after  his  death),  viz.:— William,  Archi- 
bald, John,  James,  and  Thomas  (ancestor  of  the  present 
family  of  Cavers). 

Sir  William  Douglas,  knight,  of  Cavers,  married  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  John  Douglas  of  Newcastle.  He  was  an 
officer  in  the  regiment  of  Scots  Dragoons  (Scots  Greys), 
and  was  a  captain  in  the  corps  in  1689.  At  this  time  the 
regiment  was  commanded  by  a  Sir  William  Douglas, 
knight,^  who  owned  an  estate  in  France,  but  his  family 
cannot  be  traced.  Sir  William  of  Cavers  left  the  army  in 
1694,  when  the  regiment  went  to  Flanders.  He  died  in 
1698  and  left  no  children,  and  was  succeeded  by  his 
brother  Archibald. 

Archibald  Douglas  of  Cavers,  receiver -general  for  Scot- 
land from  1705  to  1718,  postmaster-general  for  Scotland  in 
1725,  member  of  parliament  for  Roxburghshire  at  the  union, 
married  Anna,  daughter  of  Francis  Scott  of  Gorrenberry, 
and  had  four  sons,  all  of  whom,  in  succession,  succeeded 
to  Cavers.  He  died  in  1741,  and  his  son  William  suc- 

William  Douglas  of  Cavers  resigned  the  sheriffship  to  his 
brother  Archibald,  for  the  purpose  of  entering  parliament, 
and  was  elected  member  of  parliament  for  the  county  of 
Roxburgh  in  1742.  He  never  married,  and  died  in  the 
year  1748. 

Archibald  Douglas  of  Cavers  succeeded  his  brother.  He 
was  postmaster-general  for  Scotland,  and  was  the  last  heri- 
table sheriff  of  Teviotdale,  all  hereditary  jurisdictions  having 
been  abolished  by  Act  of  Parliament  in  1745.  He  married 
Elizabeth,  a  daughter  of  Hugh  Scott  of  Gala,  and  died 
without  an  heir  in  1774.  Archibald  Douglas  made  an 
appeal  for  compensation  upon  the  loss  of  the  post  of  sheriff 
for  Roxburghshire,  and  his  case  is  as  follows: — 

<<  Archibald  Douglas  of  Cavers,  with  respect  to  the  claim 
for  value  of  the  post  of  heritable  sheriff  of  Roxburghshire, 

^Vidi    ''English    Army  Lists    and    Commission    Registers,  Vol.  iii., 
page  30,  by  Charles  Dal  ton. 


held  by  the  family  for  three  hundred  years.  The  value  of 
Roxburghshire  is  the  highest  of  any  in  Scotland  except 
two— Fife  and  Perthshire — and  is  not  much  inferior  to  the 
highest  of  these  two.  The  family  of  Douglas  of  Cavers 
were  sheriffs  without  interruption  until  the  time  of  James 
VI.,  when  certain  negotiations  were  entered  into  in  1617 
with  William  Douglas  of  Cavers  for  the  surrender  of  his 
jurisdiction  to  the  Crown,  but  without  any  further  result. 
Charles  I.  attempted  to  abolish  heritable  jurisdictions  in 
1633,  and  a  petition  was  presented  by  the  laird  of  Cavers  to 
King  and  Parliament,  who  made  an  offer  (f.«.,  claim)  of 
30,000  merks." 

**  In  answer  to  this  petition  the  King  and  Parliament 
ordained  the  petitioners  and  his  heirs,  &c.,  &c.,  to  enjoy  the 
said  office  aye  and  while  payment  be  made  to  him  and  them 
of  the  sum  of  20,000  pounds  Scots  money.  No  payment  or 
offer  was  ever  made  to  the  laird  of  Cavers.  The  value  of 
the  jurisdiction  declared  by  Douglas  was,  in  1623,  30,000 
pounds  Scots,  and  in  1748  it  was  worth  75,000  pounds  Scots, 
or  ;^625o  sterling.  Douglas  also  states  that  in  1633  ^o  P^'^ 
cent,  was  the  rate  of  interest,  or  10  years'  purchase.  In  1748 
the  price  of  land  was  25  years'  purchase."  Although 
Douglas  claimed  ;^400  as  an  annuity  in  compensation,  he 
accepted  the  sum  of  ;^i666,  13s  4d  down.  {Vide  Douglas 

The  following  refers  to  the  purchase  money  of  Adder- 
stone  : — **  Received  by  me,  George  Grant,  factor  for  Francis 
Scott  of  Gorrinberry,  from  Donald  Dunbar,  W.S.,  into  the 
name  of  Arch.  Douglas  of  Cavers,  the  sum  of  ;^i88,  17s 
9J  of  penny  sterling,  which,  with  ;^2oo  paid  by  him  to  G. 
Innes,  depty.  receiver  of  the  land  tax,  on  my  draft  on  him, 
the  24th  day  of  May,  curt.,  and  £111,  2s  2J  penny  sterg., 
also  paid  by  him  for  me,  being  the  contents  of  my  accepted 
bill,  the  23rd  day  of  May,  curt.,  to  the  order  of  James 
Jameson,  Surgn.  in  Kelso,  makes  inhaill  the  sum  of  ;^5oo 
sterling  money.  Which  sum,  I  obliedged  me,  shall  be 
allowed    by    the    said   Francis   Scott  of    Gorrinberry,   my 


constituent,  to  Capt.  John  Douglas,  brother-german  to  the 
said  Arch.  Douglas  of  Cavers,  to  acct.  and  in  part  of  the 
purchase  money  of  Ederstownshiells  and  Ederstownlee,  sold 
to  him  by  Gorrinberry.  In  witness  thereof,  I  have  written 
and  subscribed  this  at  Melrose,  29  May,  1750  years. 
(Signed)  Geo.  Grant." 

The  Rev.  James  Douglas,  D.D.,  of  Cavers,  brother  of  the 
above,  was  prebendary  of  Durham  Cathedral ;  married  at 
Edinburgh  to  Peggy  Haliburton,  sister  of  Colonel  Haliburton 
of  Pitcur,  but  left  no  issue,  and  was  succeeded  by  his 
younger  brother,  the  laird  of  Edderstone  and  Midshiels. 

Extract  from  the  will  of  the  Rev.  James  Douglas,  D.D. : — 
''  I  leave  to  Captain  John  Douglas  and  the  heirs  male  of  his 
body ;  whom  failing,  to  Andrew  Douglas  ^  of  Suffolk  Street, 
London,  merchant,  my  ist  cousin,  and  the  heirs  male  of  his 
body;  whom  failing,  to  Captain  Archibald  Douglas,  Inspector 
of  Works  at  Berwick,  also  my  ist  cousin;  whom  failing,  to 
Robert  Douglas,  also  my  ist  cousin,  planter,  Jamaica,  and 
the  heirs  male  of  their  bodies;  whom  all  failing,  to  my 
lawful  heirs  whatsoever.  ...  To  my  sister  Catharine 
Douglas  and  to  my  si^er  Euphane."  He  expressed  a  wish 
that  these  two  ladies  should  remain,  during  their  joint  lives, 
at  Cavers,  where  they  had  lived  while  he  was  laird,  and 
bequeathed  the  annual  sum  of  £^0  sterling  to  each  for 
board  and  maintaining  a  man  and  maid  to  attend  them. 
(Vide  Douglas  Papers.) 

John  Douglas  of  Cavers,  captain  Royal  Navy.  In  the 
year  1745  Captain  Douglas  commanded  H. M.S.  "Greyhound," 
of  20  guns,  and,  on  his  passage  from  Cork  to  Lisbon,  captur- 
ed two  privateers  heavily  armed,  after  a  long  chase,  from 
St  Domingo.  He  afterwards  commanded  H.M.S.  Unicorn, 
and,    in    company   with    the    frigate    "  Tweed,"    took    the 

1  Thomas,  the  fifth  son  of  Sir  William  Douglas,  Knight  of  Cavers,  who 
was  bom  posthumous  in  May.  1677,  married  Jean  Pringle  of  the  Haining, 
and  was  father  of  Andrew  Douglas.  Andrew  married  Miss  Mercer,  and 
had  two  sons — George,  who  succeeded  to  Cavers,  and  Archibald  to  Adder- 
stone  and  Midshiels. 


'<  Marshal  Broglis  "  privateer,  belonging  to  Brest.  Captain 
Douglas  married  Ann,  daughter  of  Hugh  Scott  of  Gala ;  and 
when  he  retired  from  the  service  he  bought  from  his  cousin, 
of  Gorrenberry,  the  estate  of  Edderstone  and  Edderstone- 
shiels,  and  afterwards  Midshiels  from  Scott  of  Crumhaugh. 
When  an  old  man  he  succeeded  to  the  patrimonial  estate, 
and  dying  without  issue  in  1786,  his  .cousin  George,  eldest 
son  of  Andrew  Douglas,  a  London  merchant,  and  formerly  a 
paymaster  Royal  Navy,  became  the  owner  of  Cavers. 
Captain  Douglas  left  Adderstone  and  Midshiels  to  George's 
younger  brother  Archibald. 

George  Douglas  of  Cavers  married  Lady  Grace  Stuart, 
daughter  of  Francis,  eighth  earl  of  Moray,  and  died  in 
1815,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son,  James. 

Lady  Grace  Douglas  died  at  33  Queen  Street,  Edin- 
burgh, on  the  23rd  March,  1846. 

James  Douglas  of  Cavers  married  Emma,  daughter  of 
Sir  David  Carnegie,  fourth  baronet  of  Pittarron  (and  aunt 
of  Sir  James,  sixth  baronet,  who  was  restored  as  Earl  of 
Southesk),  and  had,  with  other  issue,  James,  his  heir,  and 
Mary,  who  married,  in  1857,  William  Elphinstone  Malcolm 
of  Burnfoot,  county  Dumfries.      Mr  Douglas  died  in  1861. 

James  Douglas^  of  Cavers,  born  in  1822,  married,  on  the 
23rd  of  June,  1858,  Mary  Graham,  daughter  of  Sir  Andrew 
Agnew,  seventh  baronet  of  Lochnaw,  and  died  without 
issue  in  1878.  The  male  line  of  the  family,  by  his  death, 
being  now  extinct,  the  estate  devolved  upon  the  only  child 
of  Mary,  who  died  in  1859,  having  married  Mr  Malcolm 
of  Burnfoot. 

Captain  Pal-        Captain  Edward  Palmer,  late  captain  Rifle  Brigade,  is 

ofCaver^Se  *^^^  youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Palmer  of  Sullington, 
Rifle  Brigade. 

^  The  late  James  Douglas  of  Cavers  was  the  twenty-flrst  male  descend- 
ant from  the  founder  of  the  family,  viz. :  Archibald,  son  of  James,  second 
earl  of  Douglas,  who  was  killed  at  Otterburn.  Mr  Douglas's  remains 
were  not  placed  in  the  family  vault  at  the  old  church,  but  in  a  newly 
prepared  vault  on  a  sequestered  spot  of  ground  adjoining  the  old  church- 
yard, and  selected  by  him  some  years  before  he  died. 


county  of  Sussex,  and  assumed  the  additional  surname  of 
Douglas  on  his  marriage.  He  was  born  in  1836,  and 
married  on  the  12th  of  November,  1879,  Mary  Malcolm 
Douglas,  only  child  of  W.  £.  Malcolm,  and  the  heiress  of 
Cavers.  They  have  two  sons,  Archibald  and  Malcolm. 
The  lands  of  Cavers,  which  had  been  much  neglected  by 
successive  proprietors  for  several  generations,  have  now 
been  transformed  into  one  of  the  best  kept  estates  in  the 
county.  The  present  proprietor  has  let  portions  of  the  es- 
tate in  the  neighbourhood  of  Hawick  for  building  purposes, 
and  has  obtained  from  the  postmaster -general  the  grant 
of  a  telegraph  wire  to  the  Coldmill.  In  fact,  no  expense 
has  been  spared  in  adding  to  the  comfort  of  the  tenantry. 
The  old  house  of  Cavers  has  also  undergone  a  change.  It 
has  been  remodelled  and  partly  rebuilt.  The  old  tower,  the 
stronghold  of  the  Cavers  Douglases,  with  its  walls  of  im- 
mense thickness,  which  seem  to  defy  both  time  and  decay, 
is  still  there,  although  not  so  prominent  as  formerly.  Cap- 
tain Palmer  Douglas  was  master  of  the  Jedforest  hounds 
for  a  few  years.  In  1883  he  became  a  member  of  the 
Jedforest  Club ;  he  is  a  justice  of  the  peace,  a  deputy 
lieutenant,  and  a  county  councillor  for  Roxburghshire. 

Archibald  Douglas  succeeded  to  Adderstone  and  Midshiels  ^ 
upon  the  death  of  Captain  John  Douglas,  R.N.,  of  Cavers, 
his  cousin ;  and  at  the  same  time  his  elder  brother,  George, 
succeeded  the  captain  as  laird  of  Cavers.  Archibald 
Douglas  married  Jane  Gale,  of  Whitehaven,  county  of  Cum- 
berland, and  by  her  had  two  sons,  Andrew  John,  who  died 
at  Midshiels,  nth  May,  1806,  and  Archibald  Pringle,  who 
succeeded.     There  were  also  five  daughters: — 

Anne  Mary,  born  1787.    Jane,  born  1789. 

Katherine  Rachael,  born  1790,  married,  in  1809,  James 
Dove  of  Wexham  House,  near  Windsor. 

1  Midshiels  was  sold,  and  became  the  property  of  Tumbull  of  Fenwick, 
and  it  was  again  sold  in  1896  to  Mr  Rutherford  Shielis. 


Elizabeth,  born  1792,  married,  in  1806  at  Coldstream, 
Ensign  Aaron  Reid,  2nd  battalion  72nd  Highlanders.  She 
died  at  Montrose,  November,  1807. 

Grace  Thomasina,  bom  1793. 

A.  Pringle  ARCHIBALD   Pringle   Douglas   of  Adderstone  and  Mid- 

of  Midshiels.    shiels,  married  Margaret  Violet,  daughter  of  Mark  Pringle 

of  Raining,   and  died  in   i860,  leaving  an  only  daughter, 

Anne  Elizabeth,  who  succeeded  to  Haining.     Mr  Douglas 

during  the  lifetime  of  his  father  became  a  member  of  the 

Jedforest  Club,  in  1820. 


Douglas,  formerly  Stewart.  Archibald  James  Edward, 
first  Baron  Douglas  of  Douglas,  son  of  Colonel  (afterwards) 
Sir  John  Stewart,  Bart.,  of  Grandtully,  and  Lady  Jane 
Douglas.  He  was  one  of  twins,  born  on  the  loth  of  July, 
1748,  in  Paris.  His  mother  dying  when  he  was  five  years 
old,  and  while  his  father  was  an  inmate  of  a  debtor's  prison, 
he  was  brought  up  by  Lady  Schaw,  a  friend  of  his  mother's. 
At  her  death,  the  Duke  of  Queensberry  took  a  friendly 
interest  in  him,  and  left  him  the  estate  of  Amesbury  in 
Wiltshire.  His  aunt,  the  Duchess  of  Douglas,  was  also 
kind  to  him.  Douglas  was  educated  at  Rugby  and  West- 
minster. On  the  death  of  the  Duke  of  Douglas,  his 
trustees  at  once  took  steps  to  have  him  served  heir  to 
the  estates,  and  on  September  9th,  1761,  he  assumed  the 
name  of  Douglas,  in  consequence  of  this  petition.  It  was 
referred  to  the  House  of  Lords,  before  which  judicial 
authority  also  came  (March  22nd,  1762)  the  petition  of 
Archibald  Douglas,  praying  the  King  for  the  title  and 
dignity  of  Earl  of  Angus.  No  answer  was  returned  to 
this  petition.  The  Duke  of  Hamilton  raised  the  question 
as  to  the  legitimacy  of  Mr  Douglas,  and  declared  he  was 
not  the  child  of  Lady  Jane  Douglas.  This  resulted  in 
the  well  known  <*  Douglas  cause,'*  and  the  most  voluminous 
evidence  was  taken  both  in  Britain  and  France.  The 
Court    of    Session    gave    their    decision    against    Douglas. 


His    case    had    caused    a    strong    feeling    in    his   favour 

throughout  Scotland,  particularly  amongst  the  lower  classes, 

and  the  judgment  of  the  Court  was  most  unpopular.^    An 

appeal  was  then  made  to  the   House  of  Lords,  and  the 

decision  was  reversed  (February  27,  1771).     This  was  the 

signal  for  great  rejoicings  in  Edinburgh,  which  ended  in 

tumult  and  uproar.     The  mob  took  possession  of  the  town, 

and  demanded    a  general    illumination    in    honour  of    the 

event.    Then  they  proceeded  to  wreck  the  houses  of  those 

Lords  of  Session  who  had  given  an  adverse  vote  in  the 

•case.     The  Lord   President  and   Lord  Justice-Clerk  were 

•especially  singled   out;    their    windows  were  broken,   and 

■attempts  made  to  break  into  their  houses.     This  state  of 

things  lasted  for  a  couple  of  nights,  when  the  military  were 

•called  out  in  aid  of  the  civil  power,  and  order  restored. 

Lady  Jane  Douglas,  only  sister  of  the  Duke  of  Douglas, 
was  the  handsomest  and  most  accomplished  woman  of  her 
time,  but,  unfortunately,  in  early  life  her  happiness  was 
ruined.  She  was  the  daughter  of  James,  second  Marquess 
•of  Douglas,  by  Lady  Mary  Ker,  and  was  born  on  March 
17th,  1698.  Her  father  died  when  she  was  three  years  of 
age,  and  she  was  brought  up  by  her  mother.  For  some 
years  mother  and  daughter  resided  at  Merchiston  Castle, 
near  Edinburgh,  and  it  was  there  she  became  engaged  (in 
1720)  to  the  Earl  of  Dalkeith,  afterwards  second  Duke  of 
Buccleuch ;  but  the  match  was  broken  off.  Lady  Jane  took 
this  very  much  to  heart,  and  determined  to  seek  the  seclusion 
of  a  convent.  She  disguised  herself  in  man's  attire,  and, 
■accompanied  by  her  French  maid,  started  for  Paris.  On 
this  becoming  known  to  her  friends,  they  followed  her  there 
and  brought  her  back ;  and,  it  was  said,  her  brother  fought 

1  Council  Recoxxls.  Jedburgh,  August  27th,  1767. — The  Magistrates 
and  Council,  understanding  that  the  Hon.  Archibald  Douglas  of  Douglas 
is  presently  at  Mounteviot,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  the  burgh,  they 
therefore  resolve,  as  a  testimony  of  their  esteem  and  regard  for  that 
gentleman,  to  present  him  with  the  freedom  of  the  town,  and  authorise 
the  Provost  to  wait  upon  him  at  Mounteviot. — (Signed)  James  Haswell. 


a  duel  with  Lord  Dalkeith  on  account  of  his  conduct  in 
this  affair.  The  beautiful  Lady  Jane  had  many  suitors, 
but  after  this  she,  for  a  long  time,  rejected  all  offers  of 

In  1736  she  took  up  her  residence  at  Drumsheuch  House, 
Edinburgh,  and  it  was  there  she  concealed  the  chevalier 
Johnstone,  after  his  escape  from  the  field  of  Culloden  in 
1746.  At  this  house,  the  same  year,  she  secretly  married 
an  old  lover.  Colonel  John  Stewart,  second  son  of  Sir 
Thomas  Stewart  of  Balcaskie,  of  the  family  of  Grandtully, 
Perthshire;  she  was  then  48  years  of  age.  The  colonel 
had  no  fortune  but  his  sword,  and  had  distinguished  him- 
self in  the  Swedish  army.  Lady  Jane,  who  had  nothing 
but  an  allowance  from  her  brother,  feared,  if  he  should 
hear  of  her  marriage,  that  he  might  stop  supplies.  Under 
the  assumed  names  of  Mr  and  Mrs  Gray,  they  left  for 
abroad.  On  July  loth,  1748,  when  in  Paris,  she  gave 
birth  to  twin  sons;  and  when  her  brother  heard  of  this, 
he  at  once  stopped  her  allowance,  not  believing  her  story. 
The  unhappy  couple  had  to  return  to  England  in  a 
poverty-stricken  state,  and  Lady  Jane,  through  the  interest 
of  some  friends,  had  her  case  laid  before  the  King,  who 
granted  her,  from  the  royal  bounty,  three  hundred  pounds 
a  year.  This  grant,  however,  came  too  late  to  prevent 
Colonel  Stewart  becoming  a  bankrupt,  and  his  creditors 
threw  him  into  the  King's  Bench  Prison,  where  he  spent 
most  of  his  time  during  the  remainder  of  his  wife's  unhappy 
existence.  In  1752,  she  returned  to  Edinburgh  with  her 
boys,  taking  rooms  in  Bishop's  Land.  She  attempted  to- 
obtain  a  reconciliation  with  her  brother,  but  he  refused 
even  to  see  her.  She  went  back  to  London  to  see  her 
husband,  who  was  still  in  a  debtor's  prison,  and  left  her 
children  in  Edinburgh,  under  the  care  of  a  woman  who 
had  formerly  accompanied  her  and  her  husband  to  the 
Continent  as  a  servant.  During  her  absence  in  London,, 
to  her  inexpressible  grief,  the  younger  of  her  twin  boys 
died,  in   May,    1753.      She  hastened  back  to   Edinburgh^ 


broken-hearted,  and  made  another  fruitless  effort  to  be 
reconciled  to  her  brother.  Her  health  was  now  com- 
pletely broken  down,  and  in  the  following  November  (1753) 
the  unfortunate  lady  died  at  Edinburgh,  in  the  56th  year 
of  her  age,  in  a  house  she  rented  in  the  Crosscauseway, 
destitute  even  of  the  common  necessaries  of  life.  She  was 
interred,  by  her  brother's  orders,  in  the  Chapel-Royal  of 
Holyrood,  he  allowing  barely  sufficient  for  her  burial. 

Although  the  Duke  never  forgave  his  sister,  yet,  before 
his  death,  he  executed  a  deed  appointing  the  Duchess  of 
Douglas,  the  Duke  of  Queensberry,  and  other  persons,  to 
be  trustees  to  Archibald  Douglas  or  Stewart,  son  of  his 
deceased  sister,  who  was  to  succeed  him  in  his  estates. 

Lord  Douglas  married,  in  London,  on  13th  June,  1771,  Lord 
Lady  Lucy  Graham,  only  daughter  of  William,  second 
Duke  of  Montrose.  He  had  a  family  by  this  lady,  who 
died  at  Both  well  Castle  in  1780.  His  Lordship  married 
again,  on  the  13th  of  May,  1783.  His  wife  was  Lady 
Frances  Scott,  sister  of  Henry,  Duke  of  Buccleuch.  There 
was  also  issue  of  this  second  marriage.  Lord  Douglas 
was  elected  member  of  parliament  for  the  county  of  For- 
far in  February,  1782,  and  designed  as  Archibald  Douglas, 
heir  of  the  line  of  Archibald,  Duke  of  Douglas.  An  ob- 
jection was  taken  to  his  election  on  the  ground  of  his  being 
a  peer,  and  evidence  was  laid  before  a  committee  of  the 
House  of  Commons  of  his  right  to  the  earldom  of  Angus, 
but  the  objection  was  overruled,  and  he  was  re-chosen  at 
the  general  election  of  1784.  He  was  created  a  British 
peer  by  the  title  of  Baron  Douglas  of  Douglas  Castle,  in 
July,  1790,  and  was  constituted  colonel  of  the  Forfarshire 
militia,  in  1798.  Lord  Douglas,  who  was  himself  not  a 
sportsman,  was  anxious  that  the  game  on  his  Jedforest 
estate  should  be  well  looked  after.  For  this  purpose  he 
deputed  to  the  Earl  of  Ancram  the  charge  of  preserving  it, 
and  also  forming  a  reserve,  to  be  an  asylum  and  nursery  for 
game.  The  agreement  is  as  follows,  copied  from  the  Edin- 
burgh  Evening  Courant^  dated  1806: — 



"  I  ORD  DOUGLAS  having  deputed  to  the  Earl  of  Ancram  the  charge 
of  preserving  the  Game  on  his  Estates  in  Roxburghshire,  he  with- 
draws all  former  permissions  to  shoot  thereon. 

"  Lord  Ancram  requests  that  such  gentlemen  as  may  hereafter  obtain 
permission  from  Lord  Douglas  will  attend  to  the  following  instructions, 

"  On  no  account  to  shoot  either  Black  Game  or  Hares. 

"  Not  to  commence  shooting  till  after  the  24th  day  of  August. 

"  Not  to  shoot  on  the  Reserve. 

"  To  challenge  every  person  coursing  or  shooting,  and  to  give  information 
against  all  unqualified  persons,  or  poachers,  to  Robert  Wilson,  jun..  game- 
keeper to  the  Earl  of  Ancram,  at  Femiehirst. 

*'  It  is  expected  that  such  persons  as  may  obtain  permission  to  course,  will 
not  run  more  than  two  dogs  at  a  time. 

'*The  following  farms  constitute  the  Reserve,  which  is  intended  to  be  a 
general  asylum,  as  well  as  nursery  for  the  game  on  this  estate,  and  form  a 
tract  of  land  running  north  and  south,  nearly  through  the  centre  of  the 
property,  from  the  English  border  toward  Jedburgh.  The  march  between 
the  two  kingdoms,  at  a  place  called  the  Three  Pikes,  on  the  summit  of  the 
Carter,  is  the  most  southerly  point  of  this  tract ;  from  thence  it  proceeds 
over  the  Blackburn  Ridge,  bounded  on  the  west  by  Blackburn,  and  on  the 
east  by  the  Carter-burn,  through  South  Dean  Law  and  farm,  bounded  on 
the  west  by  the  Jed,  and  on  the  east  by  what  is  called  Northbank ;  after 
leaving  South  Dean,  it  passes  through  the  whole  of  the  Falside,  over  the 
top  of  the  Belinhill,  through  Westerhouses  farms,  and  terminates  at  the 
most  northerly  point  of  the  Baionkin,  about  2  miles  from  Jedburgh.  These 
farms  are  all  included  in  the  Reserve,  and  are  for  the  most  part  bounded  on 
the  east  and  west  by  their  respective  marches  and  dykes.  They  form  an 
uninterrupted  chain  of  communication  of  about  twelve  miles  in  length, 
which  it  is  hoped  will  be  the  means  of  introducing  game  from  the  North- 
umberland side  into  this  and  the  contiguous  estates. 

"  As  Lord  Douglas  will  permit  none  but  gentlemen  to  shoot,  Lord  Ancram 
confidently  expects  that  no  gentleman  will  shoot  without  such  permission. 

"  Gentlemen  having  liberty  to  shoot  from  Lord  Douglas,  will  receive  a 
certificate  from  Lord  Ancram  to  this  efiect,  which  they  will  please  to  shew 
to  Robert  Wilson,  to  William  Rutherford,  baron  officer,  and  to  the 
farmers,  when  challenged  by  them. 

"  Fernibhirst,  August  4,  1806." 

In  reference  to  the  game  in  Jedforest,  the  following  letter 

is  of  some  interest : — 

••  Douglas  Castle,  3d  August,  1750. 
**MvLoRD, — I  wrote  to  your  Lordship  concerning  the  game  in  Jed- 
bourgh  forest  some  time  since.  I  am  sure  that  I  aprove  very  much  in  the 
steps  which  your  Lordship  was  pleased  to  say  you  intended  to  take  in  it, 
and  as  fare  as  I  could  be  assisting  I  was  very  ready  to  join  you,  and  I 
ordered  my  Cleark  to  write  to  Ogilvie  to  wait  upon  your  Lordship,  and 
take  your  derections  as  to  that  bussiness  of  the  game  through  all  my  lands 


and  all  my  vassels  lands.  What  I  mean  by  the  game  is  hunting,  fishing, 
fowling.  Now,  I  desire  the  favour  of  a  letter  from  you,  that  I  may  know 
if  my  factor  Ogilvie  has  obeyed  you  in  every  circumstance.  I  am  sure  you 
and  I  used  to  live  in  a  friendly  manner  together,  and  I  am  persuaded  that 
I  have  don  nothing  to  forfit  it.  I  am,  with  great  esteem,  dear  Cousin,  your 
sincere  friend  and  humble  servant."  "  Douglas." 

Archibald,  Duke  of  Douglas,  to  his  cousin  {i.e.  William,  3rd  Marquess 
of  Lothian). 

In  1810,  the  year  of  the  inauguration  of  the  Jedforest 
Club,  at  the  request  of  the  Earl  of  Ancram,  Lord  Douglas 
and  his  eldest  son,  the  Hon.  Archibald  Douglas,  became 
members  of  the  society.  Lord  Douglas  died  26th  of  Dec- 
member,  1827. 

The  Honourable  Archibald  Douglas,  eldest  son  of  Lord  Colonel  the 
Douglas,  was  born  on  the  25th  of  March,  1773,  at  London.  Douglas. 
He  was  appointed  colonel  of  the  Forfarshire  militia  in 
1802,  which  he  held  until  his  father's  death,  and  retired 
in  the  beginning  of  1828.  He  now  assumed  the  title  of 
Lord  Douglas,  but  never  married,  and  died  in  January, 
1844.  He  was  succeeded  by  his  brother  Charles,  third 
Lord  Douglas,  born  at  London,  1774.  He  only  enjoyed 
the  title  for  four  years,  and  died  on  the  loth  September, 
1848.      He  was  succeeded  by  his  brother  James. 

James,  fourth  Lord  Douglas,  was  born  at  Petersham, 
and  was  a  half-brother  to  the  late  peer.  He  was  in  holy 
•orders,  and  married,  in  181 3,  Wilhelmina,  second  daughter 
•of  the  Hon.  James  Murray.  Lord  Douglas  died,  without 
.an  heir,  on  the  6th  of  April,  1857,  when  the  title  became 
extinct,  and  the  estates  devolved  on  his  Lordship's  half- 
:sister.  Lady  Montagu. 


This  family  is  a  branch  of  Douglas  of  Cavers.  Sir  James 
Douglas,  Bart.,  was  second  son  of  George  Douglas  of  Friar- 
-shaw  ^  and  Elizabeth^  his  wife,  daughter  of  Sir  Patrick  Scott, 

^  Vide  ''Gentlemen's  Magazine,"  26th  December.  1746 :— Captain  Robert 
•Scott  of  Horsliehill,  of  Guise's  Regiment,  to  Agnes,  daughter  of  George 
Douglas  of  Friarshaw,  advocate.    November.  1778. — Henry  Oouglas  of 
Friarshaw  died  at  Springwood  Park. 


Bart.,  of  Ancrum.  He  was  bom  1704,  and  entered  the 
royal  navy.  At  the  age  of  forty  he  became  captain  of  the 
"Mermaid,"  and  in  1757  was  transferred  to  the  "Alcide/' 
a  cruiser.  The  "  Alcide  "  was  a  fast  sailing  ship,  in  which 
he  was  extremely  active  and  successful.  Having  received 
intelligence  that  a  French  frigate  of  36  guns,  called  the 
'^Felicite,"  had  just  sailed  from  Bourdeaux  laden  with 
warlike  stores,  he  resolved  to  attempt  intercepting  her. 
Captain  Douglas  was  so  fortunate  as  to  overtake  her,  and, 
after  a  short  engagement,  secured  her  and  a  smaller  vessel 
as  prizes.  In  1759  he  served  under  Sir  Charles  Saunders 
at  the  reduction  of  Quebec,^  after  which  he  was  sent  home 
with  the  news  of  the  victory — a  distinction  which  gained 
for  him  a  gift  of  ;^50o  from  King  George  H.,  who  also 
created  him  a  Knight  of  the  Order  of  the  Bath.  In  1761, 
with  Lord  RoUo,  who  commanded  the  land  forces,  he 
reduced  the  island  of  Dominica,  with  the  trivial  loss  of 
eight  men  killed  and  wounded.  Sir  James  Douglas  also 
served  as  second  in  command  under  Rodney  at  the  reduction 
of  Martinique,  and  reinforced  the  fleet  under  Sir  George 
Peacock,  who  was  proceeding  on  the  memorable  and  suc- 
cessful expedition  against  the  Havana  in  1762.  In  the 
same  year  he  became  a  rear-admiral  of  the  white.  Peace 
was  concluded  soon  afterwards,  and  Sir  James  returned  to 
the  West  Indies  as  admiral  in  command  of  that  station.  In 
1773  he  was  appointed  commander-in-chief  at  Portsmouth, 
and,  having  hoisted  his  flag  on  board  the  **  Barfleur,"  con- 
tinued on  that  station  for  three  years,  after  which  he  was 
advanced  to  vice-admiral  of  Jthe  red,  and  retired  on  full 
pay.  In  the  year  1750  Sir  James  purchased  from  Sir 
William    Ker"   of   Greenhead    the  estate  of    Bridge   End, 

1  It  will  be  remembered  that  this  was  the  occasion  when  General 
Wolfe,  when  rowing  ashore  with  his  army,  recited  Gray's  "Elegy" 
to  his  companions,  remarking  as  he  ended,  "  I  had  rather  be  the  author 
of  that  poem  than  take  Quebec." 

•  Sir  William  Ker,  son  of  Sir  Robert  Ker  of  Greenhead ;.  both  father 
and  son  held  commissions  in  Cope's  dragoons. 


which  comprehended  a  portion  of  the  barony  of  Maxwell, 
now*  called  Springwood  Park.  Friarshaw,  the  old  family 
estate,  is  situated  in  the  parishes  of  Bowden  and  Lilliesleaf, 
and  now  no  longer  belongs  to  the  Douglases.  Sir  James 
represented  Orkney  in  parliament  for  many  years.  The 
admiral  married  first,  in  1753,^  Helen,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Brisbane,  and  by  her  had  four  sons  and  one  daughter — 
George,  who  succeeded;  James,  who  became  an  admiral; 
Thomas,  who  died  in  1785 ;  Henry,  a  judge  at  Patna,  who 
proceeded  to  India  in  the  Bengal  civil  service  in  1779; 
and  Mary  Isabella,  who  married  Sir  H.  H.  Macdougal, 
Bart.,  and  died  in  1796. 

Sir  James  afterwards  married  Lady  Helen  Boyle,  daughter 
of  John,  Earl  of  Glasgow  (who  died  in  1796),  leaving  no 
children.  Sir  James  was  created  a  baronet  in  1786,  as  a 
reward  for  his  eminent  naval  services — an  honour  which 
he  did  not  live  long  to  enjoy,  as  his  death  took  place  in 
the  following  year  at  the  age  of  83. 

At  Springwood  Park  are  preserved  the  following  pictures 
in  connection  with  Admiral  Sir  James  Douglas: — A  large 
oil  painting  of  the  capture  of  the  Havanna ;  a  full-length, 
life-sized  portrait  of  George  III.,  presented  to  Sir  James 
by  his  Majesty.  This  picture  now  hangs  in  the  Town 
Hall,  Kelso  (lent  by  the  present  baronet  to  the  magistrates 
of  the  burgh),  and  a  three-quarter-length  portrait  of  Sir 
James  in  the  uniform  of  an  admiral. 

Sir  George  Douglas,  second  baronet  of  Springwood  Park, 
M.P.  for  the  county  of  Roxburgh  from  1792,  succeeded  his 
father  in  1787;  married,  on  the  i6th  October,  1786,  Lady 
Elizabeth  Boyle,  daughter  of  John,  third  earl  of  Glasgow 
(she  died  1801),  by  whom  he  had  a  family — viz.,  Elizabeth 
Georgina,  died  1795;  Helen,  died  1791 ;  and  John  James, 
his  successor  and  only  son,  born  on  the  i8th  July,  1792. 

1  Captain  Douglas  of  Bridge  End  and  Miss  Brisbane  were  proclaimed 
15th  April,  1753. — Vidi  Crailing  Register. 


Sir  J.  T.Scott-       Sir  John  Jambs  Scott-Douglas,  third  baronet,  of  Spring- 
B^tf  *^'  wood  Park,  was  born  at  his  father's  residence  in  Wellbeck 

Street,  London.  He  obtained  a  commission  in  the  15th 
Hussars,  and  served  as  a  lieutenant  in  that  regiment  at  the 
,  battle  of  Waterloo.  He  got  his  troop  on  the  i6th  December, 
1819 ;  retired  on  half  pay  of  the  22nd  Light  Dragoons  on 
July  25th,  1820;  and  succeeded  his  father  as  third  baronet 
on  June  4th,  1821.  In  the  latter  year  Sir  John  married 
Hannah  Charlotte,  only  daughter  and  heiress  of  Henry  Scott 
of  Belford,  county  of  Roxburgh,  and  assumed  in  consequence, 
by  sign-manual,  the  surname  and  arms  of  Scott,  in  addition 
to  those  of  Douglas.  By  this  lady  Sir  John  had  four  children, 
viz.,  George,  and  three  daughters.  In  1826,  when  the 
parliamentary  seat  for  the  county  was  left  vacant  by  the 
death  of  Sir  Alexander  Don,  he  stood  for  Roxburghshire,  but 
was  defeated.  The  matter  is  thus  alluded  to  in  the  recently- 
published  journal  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  under  date  April  I5lh: 
— **  Received  last  night  letters  from  Sir  John  Scott-Douglas 
and  from  that  daintiest  of  dandies.  Sir  William  Elliot  of 
Stobs,  canvassing  for  the  county.  Young  Harry  ^  is  the  lad 
for  me.*'  And  again,  under  date,  Jedburgh,  April  17th: — 
<'  Dined  with  the  judge,  where  I  met  the  disappointed  candi- 
date, Sir  John  Scott-Douglas,*  who  took  my  excuse  like  a 
gentleman.*'  Sir  John  resided  at  Springwood  Park  till  about 
the  year  1830,  when  he  left  home,  as  it  proved,  never  to 
return.  At  this  time  he  lived  much  abroad.  He  died  on 
January  23d,  1836,  aged  43.  In  character  he  was  very 
amiable,  though  somewhat  reserved  and  fond  of  retirement. 
He  had  a  taste  for  classical  studies  and  for  good  poetry.  A 
fine  full-length,  life-sized  portrait  of  him  in  hussar  uniform  is 
at  Springwood  Park.  It  is  the  work  of  Raeburn,  and  has  a 
special  interest  in  that  it  was  the  last  picture  on  which  he 
was  engaged  before  he  died.     Sir  John  had  been  dismissed 

1  Henry,  son  of  Hugh  Scott  of  Harden,  whom  he  succeeded  as  Lord 
Polwarth  in  1841. 

■'•Scott's  Journal,"  pp.  177, 179. 


from  his  sittings  for  a  few  days,  and  was  employing  the  time 
Mrith  Lady  Scott-Douglas  in  visiting  the  scene  of  the  then 
comparatively  new  poem,  **The  Lady  of  the  Lake,"  when  at 
Glasgow  he  read  in  the  papers  of  the  unexpected  death  of 
the  celebrated  painter.  This  was  in  1823.  The  finishing 
touches  were  put  to  the  picture  by  Raeburn's  pupil,  John 

Sir  John's  name  appears  on  the  roll  of  the  Jedforest  Club 
in  1 82 1,  he  and  Mr  Stavert  of  Hoscote  being  the  only  mem- 
bers elected  for  that  year. 

Sir  George  Henry  Scott- Douglas,  fourth  baronet,  born  sir  George  H. 
at  Great  King  Street,  Edinburgh,  on  June  19th,  1825,  was  ^Bart"^ 
an  only  son.  He  succeeded  his  father  in  1836.  He  was 
educated  at  private  schools  and  with  a  private  tutor,  the 
Rev.  Mr  Hamilton  (afterwards  Dean  of  Salisbury),  at  Wath 
Rectory,  Yorkshire.  It  had  been  intended  to  send  him  to 
the  university,  and  he  was  on  the  point  of  taking  up  resi- 
dence at  Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  when,  at  the  age  of 
seventeen  he  received  his  commission  as  an  ensign  in  the 
34th  (now  the  Border)  Regiment,  at  that  time  commanded  by 
his  connexion  and  kind  friend,  Sir  Thomas  M'Dougall 
Brisbane,  Bart.,  of  Makerstoun.  He  was  quartered  success- 
ively at  Athlone,  Corfu,  and  Gibraltar.  Whilst  stationed 
at  Corfu  in  1846,  he  became  owner  of  the  cutter  "Vampire," 
and  in  this  vessel,  and  afterwards  in  the  schooner  "  Ariel," 
during  the  next  few  years,  he  devoted  himself  to  yachting, 
whenever  his  military  duties  would  allow.  Interesting 
journals  of  cruises,  varied  by  sporting  expeditions,  performed 
in  company  with  his  brother  officers,  were  kept,  and  are  still 
preserved.  For  instance,  in  1846,  he  cruised  in  the  Archi- 
pelago, landing  on  a  number  of  the  islands,  and  subsequently 
visiting  Athens,  Constantinople,  Smyrna,  Rhodes,  and  many 
other  places  of  interest.  A  copy  of  Byron's  poems  formed 
part  of  the  outfit,  and  the  diary  notes  that  "  The  Corsair  " 
was  read  at  Prodano,  the  scene  of  that  poem.  In 
1849,  he  returned  to  England  and  purchased  "  The  Ariel," 


and  enjoyed  some  yachting  on  the  west  coast  of  Scotland. 
The  next  year  he  visited  the  coast  of  Morocco  and  the 
Canary  Islands,  and  his  regiment  being  ordered  to  the 
West  Indies,  performed  the  voyage  thither  in  his  yacht. 
Sir  George  retired  from  the  army,  with  the  rank  of  captain, 
in  1857.  During  the  rest  of  his  life  he  never  ceased  to 
look  back  with  enjoyment  to  his  military  and  yachting  ex- 
periences, whilst  Ins  friendship  with  his  surviving  brother- 
officers  was  cordially  kept  up  to  the  last.  In  the  year  of 
his  retirement  from  the  service  he  married  Mariquita,  eldest 
daughter  of  Senor  Don  Francisco  Serrano  Sanchez  de  Pina 
of  Gibraltar.  Soon  after  this  he  settled  down  at  Spring- 
wood  Park,  devoting  himself  to  the  care  of  his  estates, 
and  to  field  sports.  But  public  duties  soon  began  to  claim 
his  attention  too;  and  as  the  admirable  business  qualities 
which  he  possessed  were  brought  into  exercise,  and  his 
readiness  to  undertake  work,  and  to  perform  it  with 
thoroughness,  became  known,  an  ever -increasing  part  in 
these  duties  fell  to  his  share.  In  a  word,  *' whatever  his 
hand  found  to  do,  he  did  with  his  might.'*  To  trifle,  or 
to  put  his  hand  to  the  plough  and  then  turn  back,  were 
things  which  his  nature  did  not  comprehend. 

The  volunteer  movement  was  started  in  1858-9,  and  he 
then  became  captain  of  the  Kelso  company.  On  the  death 
of  Lord  Polwarth,  in  1867,  he  succeeded  him  in  the  com- 
mand of  the  regiment,  which  he  retained  until  his  death. 
Into  this  work  he  threw  himself  with  special  energy.  In 
fact  it  was,  perhaps,  as  a  volunteer  officer  that  his  reputa- 
tion as  a  popular  and  painstaking  public  man  was  chiefly 
snade.  A  few  years  before  his  death,  the  battalion,  in 
recognition  of  his  services,  paid  him  the  graceful  compli- 
ment of  adopting  as  its  own  his  family  badge  with  the 
motto,  "  Do  or  die.**  On  the  passing  of  the  new  Education 
Act,  in  1872,  he  was  returned  as  an  original  member  of  the 
Kelso  School  Board,  on  which  body  he  continued  to  serve 
until  1880,  when  the  pressure  of  other  duties  had  caused 
him  to  resign.     His  political  views  were  of  a  robust  and 


independent  conservative  character,  such  as,  in  the  too 
rapid  development  of  the  last  decade,  have  already  become 
well-nigh  extinct  in  the  Lower  House ;  but  his  dislike,  both 
to  putting  himself  prominently  forward  and  to  town  life, 
made  him  ever  unwilling  to  seek  parliamentary  honours. 
However,  he  had  already  come  tp  the  front  in  elections, 
and  when  the  dissolution  of  1874  anived,  so  much  pres- 
sure was  put  upon  him  that  he  deemed  it  his  duty  to 
allow  himself  to  be  brought  forward  as  conservative  can- 
didate for  Roxburghshire.  After  a  very  hardly  contested 
election,  he  was  returned  by  a  majority  of  37  over  the 
votes  obtained  by  the  previous  member,  the  Marquess  of 
Bowmont.  He  represented  Roxburghshire  in  parliament 
until  the  next  general  election,  in  1880,  when  he  was 
defeated' by  the  Hon.  Arthur  Elliot  by  the  small  majority 
of  ten  votes.  By  this  time  his  interest  in  politics  had 
become  thoroughly  aroused;  and  had  his  life  been  spared, 
he  was  prepared  to  contest  the  seat  again  at  the  next 

In  the  summer  of  1879  he  had  sustained  an  irreparable 
loss  by  the  death  of  his  eldest  son,  Lieutenant  James 
Henry  Scott  Douglas,  of  the  aist  Royal  Scots  Fusileers — 
a  young  officer  of  the  highest  promise,  who  was  killed  by 
the  enemy  whilst  in  the  performance  of  his  duty  as  signal- 
ling officer  during  the  Zulu  war.  In  the  summer  of  1880, 
Sir  George  visited  the  Cape,  and  proceeding  up  the  country, 
erected  a  tombstone  over  his  son's  grave  at  Kwamagwasa, 

On  the  adoption  of  the  Roads  and  Bridges  Act  in 
Roxburghshire,  he  was  appointed  chairman  of  the  County 
Road  Trustees  and  County  Road  Board,  and  in  this 
position  (as  I  have  been  informed  on  the  best  authority) 
his  thoroughness  and  administrative  ability  were  seen  to 
conspicuous  advantage.  To  these  posts  he  was  subse- 
quently re-elected,  and  he  held  them  at  the  time  of  his 
death.  Such  were  the  more  important  public  duties  which 
he  discharged ;  but,  in  truth,  his  services  were  at  all  times 


available  for  any  good  work;  and,  as  is  well  known,  the  calls 
upon  him  were  very  numerous  indeed.  Among  local  insti- 
tutions in  which  he  took  a  special  interest  may  be  named 
the  Kelso  curling  club,  of  which  he  was  president,  and 
the  Kelso  museum.  Sir  George  may  be  said  to  have 
occupied  a  position  somewhat  in  advance  of  his  time,  as  the 
numerous  farmhouses  and  cottages  which  he  had  erected 
on  the  best  principles  amply  testify.  If  there  was  one 
class  more  than  another  who  admired  and  loved  him,  it 
was  the  humbler  class.  He  was  a  man  of  devout  religious 
feeling,  and  a  member  of  the  Established  Church  of  Scot- 
land, whose  services  he  attended  regularly.  His  death 
occurred  suddenly — almost  without  warning,  in  fact  — 
when  his  powers  and  faculties  were  still  unimpaired,  and 
a  few  days  after  he  had  celebrated  his  sixtieth  birthday. 
Sir  George  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  i860,  and  was  a 
regular  attendant  at  its  meetings.  He  is  succeeded  by  his 
son — 

Sir  G.  B.  Sir  George   Brisbane   Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Springwood 

B^f  ^f  Park,  justice  of  the  peace,  and  deputy -lieutenant,  for  the 

Springwood     county    of    Roxburgh,    eldest    surviving    son    of    the    late 


baronet.  He  was  born  on  the  22nd  December,  1856, 
educated  at  Harrow  and  Trinity  College,  Cambridge; 
Master  of  Arts,  i88i.  Sir  George  is  a  man  of  cultivated 
and  varied  tastes:  he  is  a  clever  writer,  passionately  fond 
of  poetry,  and  quite  an  authority  on  Border  tradition.  He 
has  edited  "Scottish  Minor  Poets,"  and  is  author  of  "The 
New  Border  Tales,"  **  Poems  of  a  Country  Gentleman,*' 
&c.  Sir  George  became  a  member  of  the  Club  in  the  year 


Archibald  Douglas,  surgeon  at  Fort  -  William,  was  born 
at  Edinburgh,  February  i6th,  1683.  He  married  Mary 
Wilson,  who  was  born  at  Glasgow  in  1689.  Mr  Douglas 
died  at  a  comparatively  early  age  (1720),  but  Mrs  Doug- 
las lived  to  an  extreme  old  age,  surviving  her   husband 


for  nearly  sixty-three  years.  They  are  both  buried  at  Fort- 
William.  They  had  three  sons,  the  eldest  of  whom  died 
unmarried.  The  second,  George,  born  at  Fort -William, 
June  29th,  171 1,  is  ancestor  of  the  Douglases  of  Kelso.  He 
married,  in  17.31,  Margaret  Collis.  She  died  in  March, 
1778,  and  he  had  by  her  seven  children,  of  whom  the 
eldest  son  was  Christopher  Douglas,  physician  in  Kelso, 
born  1736.  He,  as  a  young  man,  became  an  army  surgeon, 
and  served  for  some  years  in  the  85th  Regiment,  dis- 
banded in  1763.  For  upwards  of  thirty  years  the  name 
of  Dr  Douglas  appears  on  the  half- pay  list.  He  settled 
in  Kelso  on  leaving  the  army,  and  obtained  a  good  country 
practice.  Dr  Douglas  married,  in  1769,  Pringle,  third 
daughter  of  G.  Home  of  Bassendean.  (This  old  family 
is  descended  lineally  from  Alexander,  first  Lord  Home.) 
Dr  Douglas,  who  died  on  the  ist  of  May,  1805,  left  nine 

James  Douglas,  physician  in  Kelso,  fourth  child  and 
second  son  of  the  above  Dr  Christopher  Douglas,  was  born 
April  1 2th,  1775.  His  wife,  Frances,  third  daughter  of 
James  Robson  of  Samieston,'  he  married  in  18 10,  and  by 
her  had  twelve  children.     He  died  in  1846. 

Francis  Douglas,  M.D.,  was  born  March  14th,  1815,  at  Dr  Francis 
Ednam  House,  Kelso,  being  the  third  son  of  Dr  James  Keko.  ' 
Douglas,  who  for  many  years  had  a  medical  practice  in 
Kelso  and  its  neighbourhood.  Frank  Douglas  studied  at 
the  Edinburgh  University,  taking  his  degree  of  M.D.  in 
1836.  At  an  early  period  of  his  life  he  began  to  show 
a  decided  turn  for  the  study  of  natural  history,  and  during 
his  college  career  we  find  him  a  member  of  the  Cuvierian 
Natural  History  Society.     During  the  session  1836-37  he 

1  Pringle  Home  Douglas,  youngest  of  the  nine  children  of  Christopher 
Douglas,  bom  September  x8th,  1784,  was  a  captain  in  the  Royal  Navy. 
He  married  Elizabeth  Salisbury,  and  resided  with  his  wife  in  Kelso, 
where  he  died  in  1859.    They  left  issue  (three  children). 

>  Vidi  Robson  of  Samieston. 


was  elected  president  of  this  society,  in  which  he  took  the 
greatest  interest.  In  1837  he  commenced  practice  in  Kelso, 
and  two  years  later,  leaving  a  brother  in  charge  of  his 
practice,  be  spent  several  months  in  Paris  attendmg 
hospitals  and  lectures.  On  his  return,  he  continued  his 
profession  in  Kelso  for  several  years,  until  he  was  offered 
an  appointment  as  assistant  surgeon  in  the  Bengal  army, 
which  he  accepted.  He  went  to  India  in  1845,  and  soon 
after  his  arrival  the  first  Sikh  war  broke  out,  through 
which  he  served  with  the  horse  artillery.  He  was  pres- 
ent at  Buddoowall,  where  he,  like  others,  lost  all  his 
baggage  and  camp  equipage,  and  at  the  battle  of  Aliwal, 
when  Sir  Harry  Smith  drove  the  Sikhs  across  the  Sutlej, 
with  the  loss  of  their  guns.  He  was  also  at  Sobraon,  the 
final  battle  of  the  campaign,  under  Sir  Hugh  Gough.  He 
received  the  medal  for  Aliwal  and  a  clasp  for  Sobraon. 
The  second  Sikh  war  took  place  in  1848,  when  he  was 
nominated  medical  storekeeper  with  the  army  of  the  Pun- 
jaub,  and  was  present  at  the  affair  of  Ramnuggur  and  the 
battles  of  Chillianwalla  and  Goojerat,  for  which  he  received 
a  medal  and  two  clasps. 

It  is  said  that,  in  the  performance  of  his  duties  in  the 
field  hospital  at  Chillianwalla  when  the  panic  took  place, 
a  portion  of  the  14th  Light  Dragoons,  a  few  of  the  9th 
Lancers,  and  some  native  cavalry,  came  galloping  into  the 
midst  of  the  hospital,  upsetting  everybody  and  everything, 
to  the  dismay  of  the  hospital  staff.  Douglas,  to  escape 
from  the  melee,  jumped  up  behind  on  a  friend's  horse,  still 
holding  his  amputating  knife  in  his  hand,  and  there 
remained  until  the  panic  subsided,  when  he  returned  to 
his  duties. 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  campaign,  he  was  appointed  to 
the  charge  of  the  Nusseeree  Battalion  (Ghoorka)  stationed 
close  to  the  great  hill  station  of  Simla,  where  he  was  much 
esteemed  and  had  a  large  civil  practice.  When  the  mutiny 
broke  out  in  1857  he  was  at  home  on  furlough,  and  was 
unanimously  admitted  as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club« 


Dr  Douglas  returned  to  India  in  time  to  be  present  at  the 
final  relief  of  Lucknow,  in  November,  1858;  for  this  also 
he  received  a  medal  and  clasp.  As  a  reward  for  his  dis- 
tinguished services  he  was  given  the  important  post  of  civil 
surgeon  of  Lucknow,  which  he  held,  except  for  a  short 
visit  home,  till  his  retirement  from  the  service  in  1865.  On 
leaving  this  appointment,  he  was  presented  with  a  silver 
tray  and  epergne  by  the  principal  inhabitants  of  Lucknow, 
and  another  presentation  of  plate  he  received  from  the 
shareholders  of  the  Oudh  and  United  Service  Bank  in  recog- 
nition of  his  services  as  chairman. 

He  now  returned  to  his  native  town,  where,  during  the 
remainder  of  his  life,  he  took  an  active  part  in  every  useful 
work.  At  the  time  of  his  death,  he  was  secretary  to  the 
Tweedside  Physical  and  Antiquarian  Society,  member  of 
the  school  board,  also  of  the  parochial  board,  chairman 
of  the  directors  of  the  industrial  school,  president  of  the 
Kelso  Library,  honorary  treasurer  of  the  Kelso  National 
Security  Savings  Bank,  and  a  member  of  committee  of  the 
Kelso  Dispensary,  the  Union  Poorhouse,  and  the  Kelso 
Horticultural  Society.  He  was  also  a  justice  of  the  peace 
for  the  county  of  Roxburgh.  Dr  Douglas  wars  the  oldest 
member  of  the  Berwickshire  Naturalists'  Club,  having 
joined  it  on  the  30th  of  July,  1834;  just  three  years  after  its 
foundation.  He  was  especially  fond  of  his  garden,  where 
he  had  gathered  together  a  most  interesting  variety  of 
Alpine  and  other  hardy  plants.  His  last  illness  was 
short ;  he  died  of  pneumonia,  at  Woodside,  on  the  7th  of 
March,  1886.^ 

Alexander  Douglas  of  Chesterhouse,  third  son  of  Dr 
Christopher  Douglas  of  Kelso,  was  born  June  19th,  1780. 
He  became  a   writer  to  the  signet,  and  in  1808  married 

^  Much  of  the  above  is  extracted  from  an  obituary  notice  written 
by  his  friend,  W.  B.  Boyd  of  Faldonside.  for  the  "Proceedings  of  the 
Berwickshire  Naturalists'  Club  for  1886."  I  have  also  to  thank  Dr 
Charles  Douglas  of  Woodside  for  his  assistance  in  this  and  other 


Janet,  daughter  of  Robert  Bow,  merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
He  was  for  many  years  a  commissioner  of  police  for  the 
city.  In  politics  he  was  a  zealous  conservative.  His  public 
spirit  is  shown  by  the  active  part  he  took  in  the  formation 
of  the  Princes  Street  Gardens,  which  are  now  acknow- 
ledged to  be  a  striking  feature  in  the  beauty  of  Edinburgh. 
Mr  Douglas  died  in  1 851,  at  the  age  of  71.  His  widow 
survived  him  for  about  five  years,  and  both  were  buried  in 
Greyfriars*  Churchyard.     They  had  fourteen  children. 

<:hristopher  CHRISTOPHER  DouGLAs  of  Chestcrhouse  and  Gateshaw, 
ofXh^er-  c^^est  SOU  of  Alexander  Douglas  of  Chesterhouse,  bom 
house.  February  13th,  181 1,  entered  the   same  profession  as  his 

father  in  1834,  ^^^  practised  in  Edinburgh.  He  was  a 
justice  of  the  peace  for  the  city  of  Edinburgh  and  county 
of  Roxburgh.  He  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1853,  ^^^ 
remained  a  member  until  his  death  in  1894.  ^^  Douglas 
bought  the  estate  of  Gateshaw  from  Mr  Martin  Ker  for 
;^36,ooo.  He  had  in  his  possession  a  number  of  interest- 
ing letters  from  distinguished  Scotchmen,  amongst  them 
being  several  in  the  handwriting  of  Sir  Walter  S>cott.  One 
of  his  literary  treasures  consisted  in  the  original  manuscript 
of  "The  Bride  of  Lammermoor,"  excepting  the  chapters 
descriptive  of  the  castle  of  Ravenswood,  which  are  in  the 
possession  of  Sir  Basil  Hall  of  Dunglas.  Mr  Douglas  had 
almost  Spartan  ideas  on  the  subject  of  bodily  endurance. 
He  was  never  seen  with  an  overcoat.  He  always  main- 
tained that  people  made  themselves  delicate  by  over  care. 
In  his  case  the  theory  was  eminently  successful,  as  he 
hardly  ever  suffered  from  cold.  Although  he  died  at  the 
age  of  83,  he  might  have  lived  longer  if  it  had  not  been 
for  an  accident,  which  happened  to  him  about  fourteen 
months  before  his  death.  He  fell  down  the  stairs  in  his 
own  house.  The  severe  shock  to  his  constitution  rendered 
him  an  invalid  for  the  rest  of  his  days,  but  his  cheerfulness 
of  disposition  and  patience  never  forsook  him.  His  younger 
brother  succeeds  him. 


Alexander  Sholto  Douglas,   W.S.,   now    of   Chester-  A.S.Douglas 
house  and  Gateshaw,  was  born  in  1829,  and  married  Helen,  house, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Forrester,  minister  of  West 
Linton.     Mr  Douglas  has  become  a  member  of  the  Club 
since  his  brother's  death. 


It  is  not  quite  clear  when  the  Dunlops  (originally  an 
Ayrshire  family)  came  to  the  county  of  Roxburgh,  but, 
^00  years  ago,  they  were  settled  in  the  district  where  the 
present  representative  of  the  family  is  now  proprietor  of 
Whitmuir  Hall  and  Whitmuir. 

In  the  early  years  of  last  century,  Walter  Dunlop  is 
described  in  legal  documents  as  tenant  of  Ashkirk  Town 
and  of  Sinton  Parkhead,  and  about  that  period,  several 
other  farms  in  the  district,  between  Selkirk  and  Hawick, 
seem  to  have  been  in  the  hands  of  Walter  and  John 
his  brother,  as  they  are  mentioned  as  holding,  in  addition 
to  the  before -mentioned  estate,  Chisholm,  Whitslaid,  and 

James  Dunlop,  son  of  the  above  Walter,  was  born  in 
1710,  and,  in  the  year  1760,  purchased  the  property  of 
Whitmuir  Hall  from  John  Goudie,  professor  of  divinity 
in  the  university  of  Edinburgh.  The  lands  had  been 
granted  in  gift  to  Professor  Goudie  by  George  II.;  they 
had  passed  to  the  Crown  on  the  death  of  the  last  repre- 
sentative of  the  family  of  Thomas  Ker.  This  family  of 
Ker  obtained  the  lands  in  1566  by  charter  from  the  com- 
mendator  of  Kelso  Abbey.  John  Goudie  was,  after  several 
years  of  litigation,  confirmed  in  possession  by  the  House 
of  Lords  as  ultimtss  heres.  In  1760,  two  years  after  the 
final  decision,  he  sold  the  property  to  James  Dunlop,  who 
was  succeeded  by  his  son. 

Walter  Dunlop^  was  born  in  1738,  and  in  1761  married 

^A  nephew  of  Walter  Dunlop  was  Rev.  Walter  Dunlop  of  Dumfries, 
of  whose  quaint  wit  many  stories  are  told  in  "Dean  Ramsay's 
Reminiscences  of  Scottish  Life  and  Character." 


Agnes  Dickson,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Dickson  of 
Hassendeanburn.^  Of  the  marriage  there  were  seven  sons 
and  five  daughters. 

On  the  death  of  Walter  Dunlop,  in  1808,  the  property 
of  Whitmuir  was  left  to  his  son  Archibald,  who  sold  it  in 
1818.  Whitmuir  Hall  remained  in  trust  during  the  life 
of  his  widow  (who  died  in  1826),  and  was  afterwards  to 
be  sold  if  no  member  of  the  family  desired  to  buy  it  from 
the  trustees.  It  was  arranged  that  the  estate  should  be 
taken  by  John  or  William,  fourth  and  sixth  sons,  respec- 
tively, of  Walter  Dunlop;  and  under  the  supervision  of 
William  the  property  was  much  improved. 

James  Dunlop,  eldest  son  of  Walter  Dunlop,  became  a 
physician,  and  in  early  life  resided  at  Rochdale.  In  the 
troublous  times  at  the  close  of  the  last  century,  he  became 
lieutenant,  in  the  year  1794,  in  the  Rochdale  independent 
volunteer  company;  in  1796  he  was  gazetted  captain. 
He  died  in  Bath  in  18 — . 

John  Dunlop,  the  fourth  son  of  Walter  Dunlop,  was 
born  in  1772.  In  1800  he  obtained  the  appointment  of 
factor  to  Lady  Mary  Montgomery,  and  from  that  time 
lived  at  Auchans,  in  Ayrshire.  In  1798  he  received  a 
commission  as  lieutenant  in  the  4th  regiment  of  militia 
of  Scotland,  of  which  Henry,  third  duke  of  Buccleuch,  was 
a  colonel.  On  going  to  Ayrshire,  he  was  transferred  to 
the  Dumfries  regiment  of  militia,  and  in  1808  he  received 
a  commission  as  adjutant  to  the  middle  regiment  of  local 
militia  for  the  county  of  Ayr,  which  post  he  held  until 
the  corps  was  disbanded.  He  was  an  active  and  energetic 
man  in  county  matters,  and  between  the  years  1820  and 
1827  was  instrumental,  in  conjunction  with  tHe  late  Mr 
Scott  of  Maxpoffle,  in  getting  the  road  constructed  from 
Selkirk  to  St  Boswells,  and  by  Midlem  to  Liiliesleaf. 
John  Dunlop  died  in  1838.     He  had  never  been  married. 

William  Dunlop,  sixth  son  of  Walter  Dunlop  of  Whitmuir 

^  Vidi  Dickson  of  Hassendeanburn. 


Hall,  was  born  on  i6th  March,  1786.  He  went  to  India  as 
a  cadet  in  the  East  India  Company's  service  in  1801.  In 
1803  he  was  made  an  ensign  in  the  nth  Bengal  Native 
Infantry;  in  1824  l^e  was  gazetted  captain  of 'Uhe  26th"  NJ.| 
and  during  the  same  year  he  obtained  the  rank  of  major, 
and  was  posted  to  the  53nd  N.I.  He  was  employed  on 
frontier  duty  during  the  Aracan  war,  and  reduced  some 
hill  forts.  In  1829  the  governor-general,  Lord  William 
Bentwick,  requested  Colonel  Dunlop  to  take  the  command 
of  the  ist  European  regiment  (afterwards  ist  Bengal 
Fusileers),  which  had,  from  various  reasons,  declined  in 
prestige  and  discipline.  This  fine  old  corps  was  then  about 
2000  strong,  with  a  double  complement  of  officers.  Drink 
had  demoralised  the  men — how  far  this  was  the  case  was 
shown  by  the  fact  of  thirty  court-martials  having  taken 
place  in  quick  succession.  On  taking  over  the  command. 
Colonel  Dunlop  found  a  private  soldier  under  sentence  to 
be  flogged  for.  drunkenness.  The  regiment  was  drawn  up 
in  hollow  square  to  witness  the  carrying  out  of  the  sentence 
of  the  court.  The  prisoner  was  marched  up  to  the  triangles, 
stripped  to  the  waist,  and  secured.  Colonel  Dunlop  at  this 
moment  reprieved  him.  The  prisoner  stopped  before  the 
commanding  officer,  and  said:  **Your  honour  shall  never 
have  cause  to  regret  your  clemency;  it  will  go  hard,  but 
I  will  become  the  best  man  in  your  regiment."  This  promise 
was  faithfully  fulfilled.  Colonel  Dunlop,  upon  his  retire- 
ment from  the  ist  Bengal  Europeans,  was  transferred  to 
the  49th  B.N.I.  This  was  in  1832.  In  May,  1833,  Lord 
William  Bentwick  made  him  deputy  commissary  -  general 
and,  shortly  afterwards,  quartermaster  -  general  of  the 
Bengal  army,  a  post  which  he  held  until  his  death  in 
November  1841.  In  1836  the  commander-in-chief  sent  an 
embassy  to  Lahore,  at  the  request  of  Runjeet  Sing.  Colonel 
Dunlop,  amongst  others,  formed  part  of  the  embassy, 
Runjeet,^  who  lived  in  friendship  with  the  East  India 

^Tancred'8  "Historical  Medals,"  p.  302. 



Company,  entertained  a  project  for  creating  an  order  of 
knighthood  on  the  same  lines  as  those  of  European 
nations.  He  took  the  opportunity,  therefore,  when  his 
excellency  the  commander-in-chief  (Sir  H.  Fane)  was 
paying  him  a  vist,  to  establish  an  order.  The  following 
is  an  extract  from  the  Asiatic  journal  of  February,  1838, 
which  is  interesting  as  having  a  bearing  upon  the  subject 
of  our  memoir: — 

"The  ceremony  of  investing  Major-Generals  Torrens,  Churchill,  and 
JLumley,  and  Colonel  Dunlop  with  the  Order  of  the  Second  Class  of 
the  'Bright  Star  of  the  Punjab'  took  place  at  Simla  by  the  Com- 
mander-in-Chief, who  had  received  the  Insignia  of  the  First  Class  from 
Ronjeet  on  his  recent  visit  to  Lahore.  His  Excellency,  in  the  presence 
of  the  officers  of  the  station,  and  of  the  confidential  agent  of  Runjeet. 
placed  the  star  and  riband  round  the  necks  of  the  officers,  regretting 
he  was  not  empowered  by  his  Sovereign  to  knight  them." 

Colonel  Dunlop  is  represented  wearing  this  decoration 
in  a  portrait  painted  in  1839  by  Mr  J.  R.  G.  Watkins, 
a  great  •  nephew  of  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds.  By  a  brevet 
issued  at  the  birth  of  the  Prince  of  Wales,  the  colonel 
was  raised  to  the  rank  of  major-general.  The  order  was 
dated  9th  November,  1841,  a  few  days  after  his  death  at 
Allahabad,  at  the  age  of  55  years. 

Charles  Dunlop  of  Whitmuir  Hall  was  the  youngest 
son  of  Walter  Dunlop.  Born  in  1787,  and  married  in 
1844  to  Catherine  Murray,  second  daughter  of  Thomas 
Jardine  of  Granton,  Dumfriesshire.  On  the  death  of 
Major -General  Dunlop,  the  estate  of  Whitmuir  Hall  was 
purchased  by  Charles  Dunlop  from  the  trustees.  He  had 
three  sons,  only  one  of  whom  survived  him.  He  died  in 
1 85 1,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son. 

Charles  W. 
Dunlop  of 

Charles  Walter  Dunlop  of  Whitmuir  Hall;  born, 
1846,  at  Whitmuir  Hall.  He  received  his  early  education 
in  Edinburgh.  Subsequently,  he  was  sent  to  Wallace 
Hall  School,  Dumfriesshire  (of  which  Dr  Crawfurd  Tait 
Ramage  was  head  master),  and  completed  his  education 
in  London.  For  a  few  years  he  held  a  lieutenant*s  com- 
mission in   the  3rd  West   York   volunteers,  but,   in    1868, 


he  went  to  India  and  China  for  two  years,  and  was  thus 
obliged  to  resign  his  connexion  with  the  corps.  On  his 
return,  in  1870,  he  becaihe  partner  with  his  cousin,  Walter 
Duniop,  as  an  East  India  and  China  merchant,  in  which 
business  he  has  since  remained.  Mr  Dunlop  resides  at 
Embsay  Kirk,  Skipton- in -Craven.  The  house  stands  on 
the  site  of  the  old  priory,  full  particulars  of  which  are  to 
"be  found  in  "  Whitaker*s  Craven."  He  purchased  it  from 
the  Duke  of  Devonshire.  Mr  Dunlop  is  a  justice  of  the 
peace  for  the  West  Riding  of  Yorkshire  and  for  Rox- 
burghshire. He  also  is  a  county  magistrate  and  deputy- 
lieutenant  for  Selkirkshire.  Charles  Walter  Dunlop  married, 
in  1870,  Edith  Mary,  second  daughter  of  John  Greenwood 
Sugden,  of  Steeton  Hall,  Yorkshire.  He  has  three  sons 
.and  five  daughters  by  the  marriage.  Their  names  are  as 
follows : — Walter,  Marion  Edith,  Katherine  Mary,  Margaret 
Isabel,  Charles  Bertram,  Janet  Jardine,  Elsie  Frances,  John 

Walter  Dunlop,  the  eldest  son,  was  born  in  1871,  and 
was  educated  at  Haileybury,  and  Christ^s  College,  Cam- 
fbridge,  where  he  took  his  degree  of  bachelor  of  arts  in 
1893.  T^^  estate  of  Whitmuir  (not  Whitmuir  Hall)  was 
:Sold  by  Archibald  Dunlop  in  181 8  to  Mr  Boyd,  the  suc- 
cessful bidder  for  Broadmeadows  in  opposition  to  Sir 
Walter  Scott,  and  was  repurchased  by  Charles  W.  Dunlop 
in  1880,  from  Mr  James  Hay  of  Blackball  Castle,  Aberdeen- 
:shire.  This  gentleman,  a  few  years  before,  had  acquired 
the  property  from  Sir  John  Murray  of  Philiphaugh,  to 
whom  Mr  Boyd  sold  it  in  1851.  Up  to  the  middle  of  the 
last  century  there  stood  the  ruins  of  an  old  Border  tower 
•on  the  Whitmuir  Hall  estate.  This  tower  was  said  to  have 
been  built  in  1250;  now  no  trace  of  it  remains.  It  was 
pulled  down  more  than  a  hundred  years  ago,  and  the 
atones  used  for  new  buildings. 




1VTO  name  is  more  intimately  associated  with  the  wild 
'-^  uplands  of  our  county,  and  especially  with  that 
pastoral  dale  which  takes  its  name  from  the  Liddel  water, 
than  that  of  Elliot.  Brave  and  intrepid  "riders'*  they 
were,  and,  along  with  their  allies,  the  Armstrongs,  they 
were  responsible  for  not  a  little  of  the  turmoil  and  law- 
lessness which  kept  the  middle  and  west  marches  of  the 
kingdom  in  such  a  state  of  ferment  during  the  sixteenth 
century,  and  gave  so  much  trouble  to  the  wardens  and 
their  sovereigns  on  either  side  of  the  blue  line  of  the 

We  have  no  data  to  enable  us  accurately  to  determine 
when  the  Elliots  first  made  their  appearance  on  the  Scot- 
tish Border,  or  to  tell  us  why  or  whence  they  came.  Mr 
Riddell  Carre,^  in  his  Border  Memories^  refers  to  a  tradition- 
ary ancestor  as  a  "  Monsieur  "  Aliot,  a  distinguished  soldier 
who  landed  in  the  train  of  William  the  Conqueror,  and  who, 
it  is  further  alleged,  received  an  addition  to  his  arms  after 
the  conquest.  The  name  Aliot,  however,  does  not  appear 
in  the  Battle  Abbey  Roll,  and  armorial  bearings  are  un- 
known till,  at  least,  a  century  subsequent  to  the  Norman 
conquest.  This  Aliot  is  supposed  to  have  settled  in  Corn- 
wall, and  to  have  been  the  progenitor  of  the  Eliots  of  Port 
Eliot,  who  were,  during  the  sixteenth  century,  an  important 
family  in  the  southern  kingdom.  Tradition  states  that  one 
of  these  Aliots  accompanied  the  Bruce  in  Scotland,  and, 
proving  a  faithful  adherent,  he  received  from  Bruce,  when 
he  became  king,  lands  in  Liddesdale  as  a  reward  for  his 

^  His  authority  for  this  was  probably  the  Hawick  edition  of  SaUhells, 
where,  in  the  appendix  on  Lord  Heathfield,  the  story  is  told.  Vide  also 
Border  Elliotts,  p.  464,  note. 


fidelity.  It  has  been  held  by  some  that  the  Scotch  Elliots 
first  settled  in  Forfarshire,  on  or  near  the  river  Eliot  or 
Elot  in  the  parish  now  called  Aberlot,  presumed  to  be  a 
contraction  of  Aber-Eliot,  and  that  from  the  river  the 
family  derive  their  name.  Another  account  connects  them 
with  EUiotston  in  Renfrewshire.  The  author  of  Bardst. 
Memories  says  it  is  alleged  that  the  Elliots -came  to  Liddes- 
dale  to  join  the  Douglases,  when  their,  power  was  on  the 
wane.  The  migration  of  a  whole  clan  at  this  period  is  not 
unprecedented,  the  Gordons  in  the  fourteenth  century  hav- 
ing removed  from  Berwickshire,  where  their  name  still 
lingers  attached  to  lands  in  the  county,  to  Aberdeenshire, 
where  they  were  destined  to  become  a  powerful  clan. 

To  all  these  theories,  however,  as  to  the  original  cradle 
of  the  family,  one  insupe;:able  objection  presents  itself. 
When  they  first  appear  in  records  in  connexion  with  the 
Borders,  it  is  under  the  name  of  Elwald ;  towards  the  end 
of  the  sixteenth  century  they  are  called  Eilat  or  Eliot;  and 
not  until  the  seventeenth  century  do  they  become  Elliot. 
The  termination  "wald"  in  Elwald  seems  to  indicate  a 
Saxon  origin.  An  "Elwoldus,"  described  as  «*dux  Estang- 
lorum,*'  is  mentioned  in  the  Melrose  chronicle  as  having, 
died  about  the  year  964.  The  cognate  names  of  Adelwold 
and  Ethelwold  were  comnion  in  Saxon  times.  The  Domes- 
day Book  contains  the  names  of  an  Alwold,  a  chamberlain 
in  Berkshire,  and  an  Adelwoldus,  who  held  a  similar  office 
in  Kent.*  There  were  Elwolds  dwelling  in  the  parish  of 
EUingham  in  Northumberland  during  the  twelfth  centuiry,* 
at  Newcastle-on-Tyne  in  1230,  and  during  the  thirteenth 
and  succeeding  centuries  the  name  is .  of  not  infrequent, 
occurrence  in  the  records  of  the  English  northern  border 
counties.  It  seems  most  probable,  therefore,  that  from 
this  stock  the  Liddesdale  Elliots  are  sprung,  and  not  from, 
the  descendants  of  **  Monsieur'*  Aliot,  or  from  the  legendary 

^  Battle  Abbey  Roll  (Duchess  of  Cleveland),  vol.  i.,  p.  210. 
>  History  of  Northumberland,  vol.  ii.,  p.  268. 


Elliots  of  Aberlot  or  Elliotston.  That  the  name  Elwald 
should  find  its  original  form  in  Aliot  seems  highly  improb- 
able, while,  on  the  other  hand,  we  can  clearly  trace  the 
modification  of  the  name  Elwald  into  Elwad,  Elwood, 
EUat,  EUott,  and  finally  Elliot.  The  English  Elliots  are 
thus  probably  of  an  entirely  dhFerent  family  and  origin, 
and  we  have  accordingly  the  singular  coincidence  of  two 
dissimilar  surnames,  after  being  subjected  to  the  ill-usage 
of  several  centuries,  eventually  acquiring  the  same  form. 

The  first  recorded  mention  of  the  name  in  Teviotdale  is 
on  a  notarial  instrument  preserved  at  Minto,  dated  5th 
March,  1425-26,  referred  to  by  Mr  Armstrong  and  the  Hon. 
G.  S.  Elliotl^  From  the  end  of  that  century  the  family 
seems  to  have  rapidly  increased  in  numbers  and  influence, 
and  to  have  risen  to  considerable  importance  during  the 
sixteenth  century.  The  establishment  of  the  family  in 
Liddesdale,  on  the  benty  uplands  by  the  Liddele  and 
Hermitage  waters,  where  still  the  name  remains,  is  sub- 
stantially proved  by  the  following  writs,  contained  in  an  old 
progress  of  the  titles  of  Larriston,  hitherto  unnoticed,  and 
which,  by  the  courtesy  of  their  possessor,  we  have  been 
permitted  to  examine : — 

On  25th  June,  1476,'  Archibald,  Earl  of  Angus  and  Lord 
of  Liddesdale,  popularly  known  as  **  Bell-the-Cat,"  granted 
a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Dalman,  Bluntwood,  and  the 
Crouke,  to  "our  velbelufyt  fameliar  squiar  Robert  elwald 
of  ye  Redheuch  for  his  guid  and  faithful  servis  to  us  don 
and  for  to  be  don,"  which  lands  had  formerly  been  pos- 
sessed by  David  Purdom.  This  charter  is  signed  at 
''  Lentole,"  i.e.,  Lintalee,  an  ancient  possession  of  the  house 
of  Douglas  by  the  banks  of  the  Jed. 

On  7th  January,  1479,'  the  Earl  of  Angus,  at  the 
**  Ermtage  "  (Hermitage),  granted  another  charter  in  favour 

^  History  of  Liddesdale,  &c.,  p.  179;  and  The  Border  Elliots,  appendix. 
No.  xi. 

*,  •  Larriston  Titles. 


of  the  said  Robert  Elwald,  and  for  a  similar  cause  as  the 
preceding,  of  the  lands  of  '<  Layhalcht,  Carolschelis,  harts> 
garth  et  le  faulde,"  lying  in  the  lordship  of  <'  ledesdale " 
and  sheriffdom  of  Roxburgh,  to  be  held  for  the  services 
of  ward  and  relief. 

On  8th  January,  1479,*  Angus  granted  a  precept  for 
infefting  the  said  Robert  Elwald  in  the  lands  in  the  last 
mentioned  charter. 

On  2oth  September,  1484,'  Angus  again  executed  a  pre- 
cept directed  to  "Walter  Scot  de  Edschan,  Radulpho  Ker, 
fratri  Wateri  Ker  de  Cesfurd  et  Willielmo  Elwaldo  de 
goranbery"  to  infeft  Robert  Elwald  of  the  Redheuch  in 
the  20  merk  lands  of  Over  and  Nether  **  Larrostane." 

On  13th  November,  1489,'  at  "Calco,"  the  earl  directed 
a  further  precept  to  William  Ker  of  "  Mersyntoune 
Radulpho  Ker  de  Primsyde  louch,  Wilielmo  elwad  de 
gouinbery  et  Wilelmo  gledstanys"  to  infeft  Robert  Elwad 
of  the  "  Redehuch  "  in  the  lands  commonly  called  "  rede- 
huch,**  **  layhauch,"  "  hartsgarth,"  <*  caraschele,"  "  daw- 
mane,'*  and  'Marostanys  superior  et  inferior,*'  lying  in  the 
lordship  of  "  Lyddalisdale  ;'*  and  on  13th  June,  1497/  in 
presence  of  Ninian  Elwald,  Robert  Elwald,  William  Elwald^ 
John  Elwald,  Andrew  Elwald,  John  Crosar,  Quyntin  Crosar, 
John  Grame,  and  George  Forstar,  sasine  of  all  the  foresaid 
lands  was  taken  in  the  hands  of  Richard  Hall,  notary 
public.  We  have  thus,  in  the  foregoing  writs,  the  original 
infeftments  of,  probably,  the  earliest  Robert  Elwald  of  Red- 
heuch, first  of  the  long  succession  of  Roberts,  chiefs  of  the 
clan,  and  frequently  captains  of  the  castle  of  the  Hermitage 
under  its  various  lords,  and  from  whom  the  leading  branches 
of  the  clan  presume  descent.  The  actual  charter  of  the 
lands  of  Redheuch  is  awanting,  but  from  the  terms  of 
the  precept  of  1489,  we  may  presume  that  it,  too,  was 
granted  to  the  same  individual  in  whose  favour  the  previous 
writs  run.     The  importance  of  the   family  at  this  period 

1, «. «,  *  Larriaton  Titles. 


is  evidenced  by  the  fact  that  the  Earl  of  Angus,  on  enter* 
ing  into  certain  treasonable  communications  with  the 
English  king  in  149 1  (which  probably  caused  the  exchange 
of  his  Border  stronghold  of  the  Hermitage  for  Both  well 
Castle  in  Lanarkshire,  a  few  years  later,  as  a  precautionary 
measure  adopted  by  King  James),  bound  himself  to  hand 
over  in  surety,  along  with  his  eldest  son,  the  Master  of 
Angus,  <*  Robert  Elwolde,  son  to  Robert  Elwolde,  of  the 
Hermitage,  younger,  which  late  deceassid,  to  be  delivered 
with  said  earl's  son  for  the  same,  or  with  himself."^  From 
a  retour  of  the  service  of  Robert  Elwolde,  as  heir  to  his 
grandfather  in  certain  lands  in  the  baroqy  of  Cavers,  of  date 
15th  February,  1497-98,  preserved  in  the  Cavers  charter 
chest,  and  quoted  by  Mr  Armstrong  in  his  history,  we  learn 
that  Robert  Elwolde  the  grandfather,  and,  as  we  presume, 
first  of  Larriston  and  Redheuch,  died  on  3rd  May,  1497* 
From  another  retour,'  dated  19th  October,  1501,  of  a  service 
in  presence  of  George  Douglas,  depute  for  William  Douglas 
of  Cavers,  sheriff  of  Roxburgh,  at  Jedworth,  the  said  Robert 
was  served  heir  to  his  said  grandfather,  who  is  stated  to 
have  died  four  years  previously,  vested  in  all  the  before 
mentioned  lands  in  Liddesdale. 

•nth  November,  1508 — Robert  Elwand  of  Redheuche 
was  witness  to  a  sasine  at  the  Hermitage  of  Adam,  second 
earl  of  Bothwell,  on  the  death  of  Patrick,  first  earl. 

15th  May,  1 5 10 — A  respite  was  granted  to  Robert  El- 
wald  of  Redeheuch  and  others  to  come  and  go  freely  to  the 
court  for  the  space  of  three  months. 

In  Hall's  chronicle  there  is  mention  of  a  '*  Master  Eilot/' 
slain  at  Flodden.  Mr  'Armstrong  considers  it  probable 
that  this  was  the  chief  of  the  clan,  and  their  leader  on 
this  occasion.  If  this  be  so,  and  the  last  mentioned  Robert 
of  Redheuch  was  chief  of  the  clan,  then  the  '*  Robert  El- 
wald  of  William    Elwald  of  Laverokstanis  his  brother,*' 

^  VitU  Armstrong's  History  of  Liddesdale,  &c.,  p.  144. 

>  Larriston  Titles. 

*  History  of  Liddesdale,  ftc,  p.  197. 


in  whose  favour,  along  with  others,  a  respite^  was  granted 
on  29th  January,  151 5,  were  probably  his  sons.  William 
Elwald  of  Larestanis  is  mentioned  in  a  respite'  in  151 6. 
On  the  8th  May,  1526,  we  find  a  Robert  Elwald  again 
in  possession  of  the  whole  family  estates,  as  evidenced  by 
a  sasine'  of  that  date,  following  upon  a  precept  of  clare 
constat  of  that  year,  under  the  seal  of  Patrick,  Earl  of 
Bothwell,  Great  Admiral  of  Scotland,  Lord  Hales,  Creich- 
tain  and  Ledallisdale,  and  of  Patrick,  Master  of  Hales,  in 
favour  of  Robert  Elwald  as  heir  to  his  grandfather,  Robert 
Elwald,  in  the  lands  of  Reidheuch,  Layhauch,  Harts- 
garth,  Careschel,  Dalemane,  and  also  Over  and  Nether 
Larastanis.  Robert  Elwald  of  Redheuch,  and  Archibald 
his  brother,  in  March,  1537-38,  became  sureties  to  enter 
William  Elwald  in  Layheuch,  James  Elwald  and  Simon 
Elwald,  brothers,  each  of  them  under  pain  of  300  merks 
in  the  Court  of  the  Burgh  of  Edinburgh,  for  breaking  open 
the  shop  of  Thomas  Grahame  in  Selkirk/  On  19th  Dec- 
ember, 1546,  Robert,  son  of  Robert  Elwand  of  the  Red- 
heuch, and  others,  granted  a  bond  to  the  laird  of  Ferniehirst, 
signed  *'  Robert  Elwand,  sone  to  Robyne  of  the  Redhwych, 
Archibald  Elwand,  his  eym'*'  {i.e.  uncle).  On  21st  June, 
1548,  we  find  Robert  "Eliot**  still  described  as  "the 
younger,**  and,  along  with  Archibald  Eliot  and  William 
Elwald  of  Laverokstanis,  granting  a  bond  to  Ferniehirst. 
In  the  same  year,  Robert  Elliot  is  designated  "captain  of 
the  Hermitage.**  This  Robert  must  have  succeeded  his 
father  previous  to  15579  in  which  year  he  is  mentioned  as 
eldest,  and  along  with  Martin  Elliot,  his  brother,  bound 
himself  to  enter  an  Englishman  prisoner  to  the  laird  ot 
Ferniehirst.     Young  Robert   Elliot   was  appointed  captain 

*  Reg. :  Sec. :  Sig. :  vol.  v.  f.  38. 

*  Ibid.  vol.  iv.  f.  77. 

*  Larriston  Titles. 

*  History  of  Liddesdale  &c,  app.  xxx. 
'  Ibid.  p.  71,  app. 



of  the  Hermitage  in  1563.*  He  did  not  long  survive  the 
elder  Robin,  as  the  military  report  on  the  West  Marches 
and  Liddesdale,  compiled  between  1563  and  1566,  men- 
tions that  <'oulde  Robyn  Eliot  and  young  Robyn,  his  son^ 
are  both  dead."  The  latter  was  evidently  survived  by 
a  son  who  was  a  minor,  as  Martin  Elliot  of  Braidley, 
brother  of  Robert  of  Redheugh,  acted  as  chief  of  the 
clan  during  the  minority  of  his  nephew.  Presumably^ 
owing  to  this  minority  we  lose  sight  for  a  time  of  the 
laird  of  Redheugh.  In  1573  he  appears  again,  a  Robert 
as  usual,  and  in  1580  we  find  him  fighting  on  the  side  of 
the  Scotts  of  Buccleuch,  in  a  fray  which  occurred  between 
them  and  certain  Liddesdale  thieves,  and  in  which  Red- 
heugh was  wounded.'  He  died  in  1590  or  1591,  survived 
by  his  wife  Marion  or  Marjorie  Hamilton,  and  two  sons, 
Robert  and  William,  both  under  age.' 

Some  useful  information  regarding  the  family  is  supplied 
in  a  letter  from  Musgrave  to  Burleigh  anent  the  Border 
riderSf  anno  1583,*  in  which  he  gives  a  list  of  "  EUottes  of 
the  head  of  Lyddall "—"  Robin  Eliot  of  the  Reddhughe, 
chiefe  of  the  EUotes ;  Will  Eliot  of  Harskarth,  his  brother ; 
Gibbe  Eliot,  his  brother ;  Arche  Eliot,  his  brother ;  Hobbe 
Eliot  of  the  Hewghus ;  *'  and  others  of  the  name. 

In  1592  the  chief  Ellwood  is  stated  as  dwelling  at 
"Cariston;"*  and  Eure,  writing  to  Burghley  on  15th 
October,  1596,  states  that  *' Robert  Ellott,  within  these 
twelve  years,  has  erected  a  strong  tower  cal^c^d  •  Lariston.'"* 
The  following  account  of  a  fray  ^t  Bewcastle,  in  which  the 
Elliots  were  concerned,  contained  in  a  letter  from  Henry 
Woodrington   to   Sir   Robert   Carey,'  throws  a  lurid   light 

1  History  of  Liddesdale.  &c..  appendix,  No.  4.  xxi  (note). 
>  Scotts  of  Buccleuch — Eraser,  vol.  ii.,  p.  165. 

•  Reg.  priv.  con,,  vol.  iv..  p.  646 ;  vol.  vii..  p.  153. 
'  Calendar  of  Border  Papers,  vol.  i..  p.  121. 

•  Ibid,  vol.  i..  p.  295. 

•  Ibid,  vol.  i..  p.  203. 

'  Ibid,  vol.  ii.,  p.  605. 


on  the  habits  and  customs  prevalent  in  the  Borders  during* 
the  closing  years  of  the  i6th  century.  The  letter  is  dated 
13th  May,  1599,  and  has  reference  to  the  murder  of  a  Mr 
William  Rydley.  **  Mr  Rydley,  knowing  the  continued 
haunt  and  receipt  of  the  great  thieves  and  arch  murderers 
of  Scotland,  especially  them  of  Whythaugh,  had,  with  the 
captain  of  Bewcastle,  went  about  by  some  means  to  catch 
them  in  English  ground,  to  avoid  offence  by  entering* 
Scotland ;  '*  and  hearing  that  there  was  "  a  football  playing* 
and  after  that  a  drynking  hard  at  Bewcastle  house  betwixt 
six  of  these  Armstrongs  and  six  of  Bewcastle,  he  assembled 
his  friends,  and  lay  in  wait  for  them.  But  the  Scots,  having* 
secret  intelligence,  suddenly  came  on  them,  and  have  cut  Mr 
Rydley  and  Mr  Nychol  Welton*s  throats,  slain  one  Robson,, 
tenant  of  her  Majesty,  and  taken  thirty  prisoners,  mostly  her 
tenants,  except  Francis  Whytfield,  and  many  sore  hurt, 
especially  John  Whytfield,  whose  bowells  came  out,  but 
are  sowed  up  agayne,  and  is  thought  shall  hardly  escape, 
but  as  yet  liveth.  The  surname  and  friends  of  Elwood 
and  Armstrong  that  were  pledges  at  York  were  all  in  this 
action,  where  they  had  no  cause  of  quarrel,  but  only  wanton- 
ness." (These  pledges  were  at  York  for  Robert  Elliot  of 
Redheugh  and  others.) 

This  Robert  married,  firstly,  a  sister  of  John  Murray  of 
Lochmaben,  afterwards  Earl  of  Annandale,  to  whose  good 
offices  with  Buccleuch  he  was  much  indebted.^  Walter, 
Earl  of  Buccleuch,  inherited  with  the  lordship  of  Liddesdale 
a  serious  feud  with  Robert -Elliot  of  Redheugh.  In  1591,  at 
the  time  of  the  forfeiture  of  Francis,  Earl  of  Bothwell,  the 
lands  of  Over  and  Nether  Larriston,  Redheugh,  and  others 
were  possessed  by  Robert  Elliot.  On  30th  September,  1599^ 
Buccleuch  took  a  bond  from  Elliot  and  others  of  his  sur- 
name, for  their  good  behaviour.  Elliot,  however,  was 
allowed  peaceably  to  possess  his  lands  until  he  began  to 
oppress  his  tenants  in  Liddesdale,  and  plotted  to  lay  waste 

1  Scotts  of  Buccleuch — Eraser,  vol.  ii.,  p.  245  et  seq. 


the  whole  lordship.  On  this  account  he  was  charged  in  1608 
to  remove  from  the  whole  of  these  lands,  and  Walter,  second 
Lord  Scott  of  Buccleuch,  obtained  a  decreet  of  removal 
against  him  on  4th  March,  161 2.  Though  Buccleuch  and 
his  father  had  a  right  to  the  lands  since  i594»  they  had,  till 
1612,  allowed  Elliot  peaceably  to  possess  them  without  pay* 
ment  of  maills  or  duties.  On  account  of  his  evil  courses, 
however,  Elliot  was  charged,  by  letters  of  horning,  to  remove 
from  the  lands,  and  by  reason  of  his  disobedience  was 
denounced  rebel,  put  to  the  horn,  and  letters  of  caption  and 
possession  procured  thereupon.  Through  the  influence  of 
John  Murray,  his  brother-in-law,  however,  he  obtained  from 
Buccleuch  a  heritable  right  to  the  lands,  with  a  discharge  of 
all  bygone  violent  profits.  Not  content,  Elliot  caused  the 
disposition  and  charter  to  be  vitiated  in  the  whole  of  its 
substantial  parts,  and  added  the  lands  of  Blackhope,  Green* 
holies  and  Langhauche,  of  which  he  took  possession.  Among 
the  Larriston  writs,  however,  is  a  sasine  in  favour  of  Robert 
Elliot  of  Redheugh,  dated  17th  June,  16 13,  following  on  a 
charter  and  precept  by  Buccleuch  of  the  lands  of  *'  Over  and 
Nether  Lariestounis  de  Reidhewch,  blackhoup,  grenehoilis, 
hairtisgirth,"  and  the  **  fauld,"  the  lands  of  *^  Carriescheill, 
langhauch,  leyhauch,"  and  **dowmane."* 

An  action  of  improbation  of  the  vitiated  charter  was 
raised  by  Buccleuch,  and  it  was  found  to  have  been  vitiated, 
and  Elliot  was  again  warned  to  remove,  and  denounced 
rebel.  Elliot  must  have  come  to  terms  with  Buccleuch 
regarding  his  estate,  as  he  appears  to  have  continued  in 
possession.  The  quarrel,  nevertheless,  seems  to  have  b.een 
kept  up,  and  the  following  narrative  from  a  letter  to  his 
Majesty  from  the  Council,  dated  26th  March,  1624,  dealing 
with  these  matters,  is  of  interest.'  A  plot  was  formed  by 
Elliot  of  Redheugh  and  others  to  assassinate  Buccleuch.  One 

^  Tb€  witnesses  to  the  infeftment  were  William  Eliot  of  Gorrumberrie, 
William  Eliot  of  Preckenhauch.  William  Eliot  of  Rig.  Archibald  Eliot 
of  Clyntwod,  Robert  Eliot,  called  of  Braidlie,  &c. 

*  Priv.  Cone  Records,  1624,  vol.  xiii..  p.  475,  etc. 


of  the  miscreants,  however,  **  Gib.  Ellott,  callit  the  Tutour, 
who,  with  Gawane  Ellott  of  Hilhouse  and  Will  Eliot,  callit 
Gibbis  Will,"  was  to  have  done  the  murder,  confessed,  and 
the  Council  wi'ote  to  the  King  for  instructions,  giving  the 
details  of  the  plot  as  revealed  to  them.  **  The  first  attempt 
sould  have  been  made  in  the  town  of  Jedburgh,  quhen  the 
Erll  as  ane  of  the  Commissioners  of  the  middle  shyres  was 
thair  at  ane  Justice  Court,  in  the  execution  of  his  office, 
quhair  it  was  resolvit  he  sould  have  been  surprysed  upoun  a 
suddane  in  the  throng  quhen  he  was  comeing  out  of  the 
Tolbuith."  This  plan  miscarried,  however,  as  the  Earl 
'' disopoyntit  thame."  It  was  then  proposed  that  the 
murder  might  be  easily  accomplished  without  hazard  in  the 
burgh  of  Edinburgh,  '*  outher  in  the  throng  quhen  the  Erll 
wes  comeing  out  of  the  counsalhous,  or  then  at  some  tyme 
under  night,  when  the  Erll,  according  to  his  wounted  manner, 
was  comeing  allone  in  his  cotch  from  his  supper,  and  the 
deid  doar  might  slip  down  a  cloise  and  so  sauflie  escape." 
The  would-be  assassins  finding  the  earl  ''  moir  foirseing  to 
prevent  any  danger  than  they  were  able  to  assail  him," 
abandoned  the  project,  and  made  report  accordingly  to  the 
laird,  who  '*  burst  out  in  vehement  and  bitter  speeches " 
against  friends  and  fortune,  and  swore  to  "adventure  his 
awin  persone*\upon  the  deed  if  no  other  would  undertake 
it,  ''  althocht  he  knew  it  would  turne  to  the  undoing  of  his 
whole  name."  The  unselfishness  of  Elliot  in  abstaining 
from  sacrificing  his  name  to  avenge  his  quarrel,  if  he  could 
get  any  one  else  to  turn  assassin  for  him^  is  difficult  to 
appreciate  in  these  ''piping  times  of  peace."  Redheugh 
about  this  time  was  a  prisoner  in  the  Tolbuith  of  Edinburgh 
for  some  matter  of  debt,  and  one  Cuthbert  Herroun,  an 
Englishman  in  Northumberland,  took  occasion  to  petition 
the  Council,  accusing  him  of  having  stolen  13  kye  and  oxen 
from  him.  Robert  Elliot,  on  the  intercession  of  Buccleuch, 
seems  to  have  been  pardoned  for  his  share  in  the  plot  to  as- 
sassinate, but  his  accomplice  in  the  theft  of  the  cattle,  Adam 
Usher,  was  hung.      Robert  Elliot  married,  secondly,  Lady 


Jane  Stewart,  daughter  of  Lady  Margaret  Douglas,  widow 
of  Sir  Walter  Scott  of  Buccieuch,  by  her  second  husband, 
Prancis  Stewart,  Earl  of  Bothwell.  She  seems  to  have 
endured  considerable  privations  on  her  husband*s  behalf, 
whose  condition  at  this  time  was  none  too  flourishing,  as 
-is  seen  from  the  following  entry  in  the  Privy  Council 
Pecords  under  date  of  30th  November,  1624: — **The  Lords 
of  the  Secret  Counsell  having  considered  from  time  to  time 
various  petitions  from  Ladie  Jean  Stewart,  spous  of  Pobert 
PUote  of  Ridheugh,  now  prisoner  in  the  Tolbuith  of  Edin- 
burgh, quhairby  she  deplored  the  hard  estate  of  her  husband, 
^c,  on  account  of  debt,  she  having  impandit  her  abuly- 
nientis  and  cloaths  for  intertainment  of  hir  husband  in 
^ward,'*  being  devoid  of  means,  the  Lords,  commiserating 
the  condition  of  the  young  gentlewoman,  granted  her  relief 
to  the  extent  of  100  merks,  with  the  addition  of  an  allow- 
ance of  about  one  shilling  a  day  in  our  money,  during 

There  was  no    male    issue    of   this    marriage,    and    the 
:Succession,  in  consequence,  devolved  upon  Margaret,  the  eldest 
•daughter,  who  married  James  Elliot,  sixth  son  of  the  deceased 
Gilbert  Elliot  of  Stobs.     There  exists  a  deed  bearing  to  be 
-**  Ane  Settlement  of  the  Estate  of  Laristone  *  upon  James 
Plliott  of  Stobs  and  Margret  Elliott,  Lady  Laristone,  his 
:spous,  and  their  airs  allenarly/  *'     This  deed,  which  is  dated 
-8th  August,.  1637,  is  granted  by  Robert  EUote  of  Redheuche 
and  Lady  Jean  Stewart,^  his  wife,  for  fulfilment  of  a  marriage 
-contract   entered  into  between   them   and  Margaret  Eliot, 
their  eldest  daughter,  on  the  one  part,  and  James  Eliot,  son 
-of  the  deceased  Gilbert  Eliot  of  Stobs,  on  the  other  (this  con- 
tract being  dated  27th  January,  1637),  and  dispones  to  James 
EUot  and   his  heirs  the  lands  of  Redheuch,   Hartisgarth, 
Leyfauld,  Carriescheill,  Langheuch,  Over  and  Nether  Lairie- 
stounes,  Blackhoup,  Greinhoillis,  and  Dowmaynholme,  re- 
serving the  liferent  of  Lariestoun,  Blakehoup,  and  Green- 

1  Mr  Gilbert  Elliot  of  Craigend  is  one  of  the  witnesses  to  Robert 
.Elliot's  signature. 


hoillis  to  Robert  and  Lady  Jean  Eliot.  The  reader  will 
observe  that  among  these  lands  are  included  those  which 
Robert  Elliot's  father  was  said  to  have  wrongously  inserted 
into  his  charter  from  Buccleuch. 

Robert  Elliot,  last  proprietor  in  the  direct  male  line,  died 
apparently  about  1644,  and  James  Elliot,  who  succeeded  him, 
was  dead  by  1666.     In  1692,  Robert  Elliot,  as  heir  of  Robert 
Elliot   his  grandfather,  in   all  the  lands  mentioned  in  the 
settlement,  except  the  lands  of  Redheuch,  obtained  a  writ  in 
his  favour,  a  precept  of  clare  constat,  from  the  Commission- 
ers of  the  Duchess  of  Buccleuch  and  Monmouth.     He  was  a 
son  of  James  and  Margaret  Elliot,  and  married,  firstly,  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  John  Maxwell  of  Cowhill,  and,  secondly,  a 
•daughter  of  Scot  of  Todrig.     Somewhere  about  the  year  1688, 
jhaving  got  into  financial  difficulties,  the  estates  were  adjudged 
from  him.     The  lands  of  Grenhope,  Reidheugh,  Hartsgarth, 
Langhauch,     and    Gullenflat     became     the     property     of 
Christopher  Irving  of  Binks ;  Blackhope,  of  William  David- 
rson,   merchant   and   late  bailie   of  Jedburgh.^      Over  and 
Nether  Larriston  were  saved  from  the  wreck,  and  redeemed 
by   Robert  Elliot,   described  as  eldest  lawful   son  of  the 
•deceased  Robert  Elliot,  in  1695.     ^^  retained  this  remnant 
•of  the  old  possessions  of  his  race  for  four-and-twenty  years, 
and  on  2oth  July,  1719,  for  the  sum  of  ;^i8o8,  6s  stg.,  the 
lands  of  Over  and  Nether  Larriston  and  Larriston  Rig  passed 
from  his  hands  to  John  Oliver,  elder,  of  Dinlabyre.     Robert 
is  said  to  have  left  three  sons — Robert,  James,  and  Gilbert. 
The  two  former  died  without  issue,  while  Gilbert,  who  settled 
in   Newcastle,  was  the  father  of  Major-General   William 
Elliot,  of  whom,  hereafter,  I  quote  a  short  account  of  the 
Elliots  written  by  William  Scott  of  Burnhead  in    1775   to 
•Gilbert  Elliott  of  Otterburn,  which  coincides  to  some  extent 
with  what  has  already  been  stated : — 

"The   questions   which  you  propose  to  me  with  respect 
to  the  antiquity  of  the  families  of  the  name  of  Eliott  are 

1  Charter  of  Adjudication,  1695 — Larriston  Titles. 


very  difficult  to  be  resolved,  nor  will  I  take  upon  me  to 
determine  anything  positively  on  that  head ;  but  as  I  would 
willingly  gratify  you  to  the  best  of  my  power,  I  shall  give 
you  a  few  anecdotes  that  have  occurred  to  me  concerning 
these  families. 

**  From  the  known  antiquity  of  the  families  of  that  name  in 
the  west  of  England,  I  was  long  induced  to  think  that 
possibly  all  of  the  name  in  Scotland,  as  well  as  in  England, 
might  have  derived  their  origin  from  them;  but  upon  the 
strictest  inquiry,  I  could  never  meet  with  any  documents 
to  support  that  conjecture.  As  for  the  presumption  of  their 
having  come  over  from  the  Continent  at  the  conquest,  I 
should  be  glad  to  learn  what  grounds  the  gentleman  had 
for  it ;  I  never  could  find  any,  though  I  had  in  my  custody, 
and  carefully  examined,  two  different  copies  of  the  roll  of 
Battel  Abbey,  or  list  of  the  persons  who  came  over  to 
England  with  William  the  Conqueror.  These  families, 
however,  of  the  surname  of  Eliott  seem  to  have  been  very 
ancient.  Mr  Willis,  a  learned  antiquary,  places  them  in 
Devonshire  about  the  reign  of  King  John ;  but  his  account 
is  rather  too  general,  and  when  he  condescends  to  par- 
ticulars, the  only  voucher  he  quotes  is  dated  1433;  why 
he  did  not  mention  older  ones,  if  he  had  any,  I  cannot 
conjecture.  The  family  of  Eliott  of  Port  Eliott,  in  Cornwall, 
reputed  of  the  same  stock,  was  seated  there  about  the  year 
1540.  Whether  the  English  or  Scotch  Eliotts  were  originally 
connected,  I  cannot  find;  but  the  surname  is  so  strictly 
identical  in  both  as  scarcely  to  leave  room  for  supposing 
it  to  have  had  a  different  rise  in  each.  Now  it  hath  been 
universally  acknowledged  that  the  families  of  the  simame 
of  Elliott  in  Scotland  were  settled  upon  the  Borders  in 
Liddisdale  towards  the  close  of  the  fourteenth  century,  in 
the  reign  of  King  Robert  III.,  or  about  the  year  1395; 
that  for  sundry  generations  before  that  period  they  had  been 
seated  in  Angus,-  or  Forfarshire,  at  or  near  a  village  there 
called  Elliot,  which  still  subsists ;  that  about  the  time  speci- 
fied they  were  brought  thence  by  means  of  the  first  Douglas^ 


Earl  of  Angus,  as  is  supposed,  to  strengthen  the  Douglas 
interest  upon  the  Borders  towards  England;  and,  lastly, 
that  they  came  there,  not  as  one  family,  but  in  a  body 
or  clanship,  for  soon  after  they  appear  to  have  been  very 
numerous,  and  proved  to  be  powerful  opposers  of  the 
English  for  near  two  centuries  in  defence  of  the  Borders. 
Joining  in  a  party  against  the  Regent  Murray  in  Queen 
Mary's  time,  twenty-four  persons  were  slain  in  a  scuffle 
at  the  town  of  Hawick,  whereof  fifteen  were  found  to  be 
of  the  name  of  Eliott.  It  hath  been  a  constant  prevailing 
belief,  particularly  among  the  predecessors  of  the  family 
themselves,  that  their  sirname  was  originally  assumed  from 
the  aforesaid  village  of  EUet  about  the  time  when  simames 
began  to  be  first  used  in  Scotland.  And,  indeed,  most  of 
the  sirnames  of  the  oldest  families,  natives  thereof,  were 
local,  as  derived  from  places  they  resided  at,  or  from  lands 
they  possessed  at  the  time.  This  gives  them  a  high 
antiquity.  I  have  only  to  add,  what  possibly  you  know 
better  than  I  do,  that  the  family  of  Elliot  of  Laristoun 
or  Redheugh  was  unquestionably  the  original  stock  from 
which  all  of  the  name  in  Scotland  at  least  sprung.  The 
direct  male  line  failed  about  the  beginning  of  last  century, 
and  the  heir  female  was  married  to  James  Eliott,  a  sixth 
son  of  the  family  of  Stobs,  who  continued  the  line;  so 
that  Eliott  of  Stobs,  the  principal  cadet,  hath  since  been 
considered  as  undoubted  heir  male  of  that  ancient  family. 
I  am,  dear  sir,  your  most  obedient  servant, 

(Signed)    WILLM.  SCOTT. 
"Crowbill,  I2th  April,  1775." 

William  Elliot  of  Larriston,  a  major-general  of  artillery  in 
the  East  India  Company's  service,  claimed  to  be  the  last  of 
the  line  of  Redheuch  who  possessed  Larriston.  He  entered 
the  service  as  a  cadet  in  the  year  1763.  On  the  3rd  of 
February  1764,  he  obtained  his  commission  as  lieutenant 
fireworker;  on  the  6th  of  August,  1768,  as  first  lieutenant, 
and  became  lieut. -colonel  in  1782.      He  resigned  his  com- 



xnifisioii  in  January^  i785»  for  some  unexplained  reason,  but 
was  reinstated*  and  died  a  inaj(»>general  in  1803,  and  was 
buried  at  Littleham,  near  Exmouth,  in  Devonshire.  During 
the  years  of  his  long  service  in  India,  William  Elliot  distin- 
guished bimself  as  an  active,  .able,  and  good  officer  through 
much  active  service.  His  conduct  in  the  Carnatic,  where  he 
commanded  for  some  time  the  artillery  attached  to  the  army 
under  Sir  Eyre  Coote,  procured  for  him  the  entire  approbation 
of  this  great  commander.  He  was  never  married,  and  was 
survived  by  a  .sister,  Jajie  Stewart,  the  wife  of  Mr  John 

Concerning  General  Elliot's  early  history,  previous  to  his 
obtaining  a  commission  in  .the  East  India  Company's  service 
in  1763,  there  appears  to  be  a  certain  ampunt  of  mystery. 
X.ocal  historians  have  asserted  that  in  early  youth  he  was  em- 
ployed as  a  bailor's  .i^iytfentice  on  the  farm  of  Bowanhill,in 
Xeviothead.  From  there  he  went  to  Stobs,  and  acted  as  a 
stable  boy  to  Six  Gilbert  Elliot,  who,  at  the  same  jtime, 
xecognised  him  as  the  head  of  the  clan^  and  is  said  to  have 
educated  him^  and  no  doubt  procured  his  commission  to 
India.  Fortunes  were  rapidly  made  in  the  Far  East  in  those 
dayii,  and  on  Elliot's  xetum  to  his  native  land  in  1786  he  at 
ionce  entered  into  xiegotiations  with  Mr  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre 
ior  the  purchase  of  the  estate  of  I^arriston.  In  December 
J  786  the  purchase  of  Over  and  Nether  Larriston  and  Blacks 
hope  was  conipleted,  and  in  1790  the  farm  of  Haggiehaugh  or 
Larriston  Rig,  as  it  was  formerly  called,  was  added  to  the 
estate  for  the  sum  of  ^1900.  In  order  to  establish  his 
position  as  head  of  his  name.  Colonel  Elliot,  as  he  then  was, 
went  through  the  usual  form  before  the  sheriff  and  a  jury  at 

The  evidence  produced  in  the  service  of  Colonel 
William  Elliot  as  heir  male  and  of  line  in  general 
to  the  deceased  Robert  Elliot  of  Larriston,  his  grand- 
father, in  1788,  is  by  no  means  convincing.  Henry 
Elliot  of  Flatt  was  his  best  witness,  and  he  really 
proved  nothing  of  much  importance.     He  seemed  to  have 


remembered  Robert  Elliot  when  a  boy,  and  he  stated 
that  he  was  married  to  a  Miss  Appleby,  but  no  proof 
of  such  a  marriage  was  forthcoming.  Gilbert,  his  son, 
father  of  the  colonel,  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  James 
Scott  of  Caufield  (near  Langholm).  The  other  witnesses 
were  — George  Elliot  of  Princes  Square,  London,  son  of  a 
Roxburghshire  parish  minister;  a  superannuated  village 
blacksmith ;  and  an  old  lady,  Margaret  Beattie,  born  at 
Hartsgarth,  who  brought  forward  no  evidence  of  the  slightest 
value.  But,  dare  we  assume,  that  owing  to  the  gallant 
colonel  having  so  recently  acconmiodated  the  sheriff,  Mr 
Oliver  of  Dinlabyre,  by  purchasing  his  estate  of  Larriston, 
the  latter,  in  an  affair  of  such  apparently  trivial  importance, 
as  a  proof  of  propinquity,  where  nothing  more  momentous 
4han  a  question  of  relationship  was  concerned,  may  have 
somewhat  suited  his  judgment  to  the  sentiments  of  his 
friends?  A  willing  and  good-natured  jury,  quite  ready  to 
accept  the  colonel  as  chief  of  the  clan  Elliot  merely  for  the 
pleasure  of  toasting  him  as  such  at  the  banquet  prepared  in 
anticipation  of  their  verdict,  was  a  valuable  adjunct  to  the 
proceedings  of  the  day,  which  terminated  in  conviviality 
and  good  fellowship. 

The  retour  to  Chancery  bears  that  he  was  the  eldest  son 
•of  the  deceased  Gilbert  Elliot,  some  time  of  Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne,  who  was  the  only  son  of  the  deceased  Robert 
Elliot  of  Larriston  by  his  first  wife,  Mrs  Appleby.  In 
this  service  it  is  stated  that  the  name  of  Gilbert  Elliot's 
wife  was  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Scott  of  Caufield. 
In  a  family  tree,  however,  of  the  Scotts  of  Davington, 
attached  to  which  there  is  a  footnote,  signed  by  Locd 
Napier,  dated  at  Thirlestane,  i8th  July,  1833,  to  the  effect 
that  the  pedigree  was  given  to  him  by  Mr  Martin,  the 
^'Windsor  Herald;"  the  latter  part  of  the  evidence  having 
been  obtained  by  the  "herald"  from  persons  living  about 
Langholm.  It  is  stated  in  this  pedigree  that  Gilbert 
Elliot  of  Newcastle  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert 
Scott  of  Davington,  in  Eskdale.     No  doubt  the  '*  Windsor 


Herald"  had  satisfactory  proof  of  this  statement.  In  17931 
General  William  Elliot  of  Larriston  matriculated  arms  in 
the  "Lyon  Register,"  viz.: — Gules  on  a  bend  or,  a  flute 
on  the  first  in  the  sinister  chief  point,  a  mortar  proper. 

On  the  death  of  the  general,  Larriston  passed  by  his  will 
to  George  Scott,  his  cousin,  third  son  of  Captain  James 
Scott,  tenant  of  Forge,  when  he  added  Elliot  to  his  name. 
In  Liddesdale  there  was  an  unfounded  belief  that  George 
Scott  was  an  illegitimate  son  of  General  Elliot.  This 
proves,  on  inquiry,  not  to  be  the  case :  vide  the  pedigree 
of  George  Scott  Elliot  of  Larriston  in  his  memoir. 

George  F.  George    F.  Scott,  when  a  youth,  was   a   clerk  in   the 

of  Larriston.  oflSce  of  Messrs  Law  &  Bruce,  London.  He  was  the  third 
son  of  James  Scott,  who  resided  at  Forge,  in  Canonbie,^  and 
his  wife  Phoebe,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  James  Dixon  of 
Bath,  and  sister  of  Lady  Harris  (wife  of  Lord  Harris).  He 
assumed  the  name  of  Elliot  on  his  succeeding  to  the  estate 
of  Larriston  in  1803,  under  the  will  of  Lieut. -General 
William  Elliot,  who  was  a  cousin  of  his  father's.  Owing  to 
an  accident  in  childhood,  he  was  deprived  of  the  use  of  one 
limb,  and  from  this  infirmity  was  known  throughout  Liddes- 
dale by  the  sobriquet  of  "  Pinfoot." 

As  a  proprietor  he  interested  himself  in  farming,  and  is 
said  to  have  stocked  Larriston  with  Southdown  sheep,  a 
venture  which  did  not  prove  successful.  He  had  succeeded 
to  an  estate  already  heavily  burdened  with  debt,  and  in  1843 
he  was  obliged  to  sell  it.  Mr  James  Jardine  became  the 
purchaser  at  a  cost  of  ;^29,ooo.  Mr  Scott-Elliot  became  a 
member  of  the  Club  in  18 13.  He  died  in  1848  at  his 
residence  of  Woodslee,  near  Canonbie,  where  he  is  buried. 
He  married,  in  February,  1818,  Ann  Marjory,  eldest  daughter 
of  James  Bell,  merchant  in  Leith,  and  of  Woodhouselees, 

^  Forge,  the  residence  of  Captain  James  Scott,  belonged  to  the  Duke 
of  Buccleuch.  He  held  it  on  a  lease  from  1778,  and  the  endurance  was 
for  61  years,  to  expire  in  1839. 


Canonbie,  and  had  four  sons  and  three  daughters.  Captain 
James  Scott,  his  father,  mentioned  above,  was  in  the  Hon. 
East  India  Co.  Marine,  Bombay,  and  died  on  the  loth 
of  October,  1799,  lea\dng  a  family  of  three  sons  and  four 
daughters.  The  eldest  son,  William,  lost  a  leg  at  Burtpore, 
where  he  died.  The  second,  Charles,  served  as  A.D.C.  to 
Lord  Harris  at  the  siege  and  storming  of  Seringapatam, 
1799,  and  died  in  1822.^ 

The  family  genealogy  shows  descent  from  the  Scotts  of 
Davinton,  the  elder  branch  of  the  family  of  Thirlestane,  in 
Ettrick.  Thirlestane  having  passed  from  the  main  stock 
when  Sir  John  Scott  of  Thirlestane,  being  over-burdened 
with  debt,  surrendered  the  estate  to  his  cousin,  Patrick  Scott 
of  Tanlawhill,  retiring  himself  to  Davinton.  Robert  Scott 
of  Davinton,  alive  in  1743,  being  father  of  William  Scott 
of  Meikledale  (died  October  loth,  1772,  aged  78),  who 
was  the  father  of  Captain  James  Scott.  Margaret  Scott, 
younger  daughter  of  the  said  Robert  of  Davinton,  married 
Gilbert  Elliot,  the  issue  of  the  marriage  being  General 
William  Elliot  of  Larriston,  to  whom  George  F.  Scott- 
Elliot  succeeded. 


The  origin  of  the  family  of  Elliot  of  Stobs  has  long 
exercised  the  minds  of  those  interested  in  the  genealogies  of 
our  Border  families.  Besides  Redheugh,  to  which  has 
always  been  assigned  the  premier  position  of  the  clan,  there 
were  several  well-established  branches  of  the  family  of  Eliot 
in  existence  before  we  first  find  mention  of  Stobs.  Thorlies- 
hope  appears  in  records  before  the  end  of  the  15th  century, 
and  Park,  Falnash,  and  Gorunberry  are  all  likeways  of  prior 
date.  The  Hon.  George  F.  S.  Elliot,  in  his  work  on  "  The 
Border  Elliots  and  the  Family  of  Minto,"  which  has  recently 
been  published,  has  collected  and  carefully  set  out  all  the 
data  obtainable  bearing  on  this  question,  and  has  studiously 

1  Vide  list  of  Lord  Harris's  staff  at  the  siege  of  Seringapatam,  1799. 


criticised  the  statements  of  variotis  authorities  from  Sat- 
chells  to  Sir  William  Fraser,  bringing  together  much  valu- 
able information  hitherto  inaccessible  to  the  general  public. 
Himself  descended  from  the  family  of  Stobs  through  that  of 
Minto,  his  doubts  on  the  chieftainship  of  the  family  rightly 
existing  in  that  branch  after  the  failure  of  the  Redheugh 
line  may  be  regarded  as  being  free  from  any  bias  which 
might  have  affected  the  judgment  of  other  authors.  But 
though  the  claim  of  Stobs  to  be  now  chief  of  the  Elliots 
may  be  open  to  criticism^  yet  as  a  family  it  has  taken  a 
position  in  the  history  of  the  clan  of  which  it  may  well  be 
proud,  and  can  claim  as  one  of  its  younger  branches  the 
family  of  Minto,  which,  through  its  succession  of  eminent 
lawyers  and  statesmen,  has  added  a  lustre  to  the  name  of 

The  first  mention  of  Stobs  occurs  in  the  year  1544* 
when  it  was  in  the  possession  of  one  Clemyt  Crossier.^  It 
subsequently  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  Glaidstanes, 
one  of  whom  sold  it  to  Gavin  Elliot,  the  first  laird  of  Stobs 
of  that  name.  That  this  Gavin  was  one  of  the  Elliots  of 
Horsliehill  has  now  been  conclusively  proved  by  evidence  con- 
tained in  a  reported  case,  to  which  he  was  a  party,  concern- 
ing the  tutorship  to  a  certain  William  Elliot,  described  as 
"  oy  '*  {ue.  grandson)  and  heir  to  William  Elliot  of  Horslie- 
hill. The  claimants  to  the  post  were  William  Elliot  of 
Horsliehill,  the  pupil's  uncle,  and  Gavin  Elliot,  who  is 
described  as  of  Stobs,  brother  of  the  deceased  William 
Elliot  of  Horsliehill,  and  therefore  grand-uncle  to  the  pupil. 
Gavin's  contention  that  William,  the  father's  brother,  though 
more  nearly  related,  was  legally  incapable  of  acting,  owing 
to  his  being  under  25  years  of  age,  was  sustained  by  the 
Court.'  Gavin  was  a  son  of  Robert  Elliot  of  Horsliehill 
(dead  in  1564)  and  a  younger  brother  of  William  Elliot  of 
Horsliehill,  along  with  whom  he  was  tried  in  1564  for  the 

1  Hamilton  Papers,  ii.  742. 

>  The  case  is  reported  in  the  Register  of  Acts  and  Decreets. 


murder  of  Scott  of  Hasdendeaa,  but  wasF  acquitted.  In  1583 
he  purchased  Stobs  from  Gawane  Glad^tanes,  and  iar  the 
contract  he  is  desigmtted  as  *'of  Ballilie,"  a  possession  in 
Selkirkshire  of  th&  Horsliehill  fiamily*  He  died  in-  1606  or 
1607,  survived  by  bis  wife  Jean  Scott  and  three  daughters, 
his  co-heiresses-— (i)  Jean,  (?)  who  married  Thomas  Ruther- 
ford of  Edgerston ;  (a)  Dorothy,  who  married  George  Haly- 
burton  of  Pinikell ;  and  (3)  Esther,  who  marrted  Gilbert  Kerr 
of  Loch  tour. 

The  second  laird,  Gilbert,  known  as  ^'Gibbie  wi'  the 
gowden  garters,*'  the  founder  of  the  present  Stobs  ftimily, 
does  not  appear  upon  the  scene  imtil  ten  years  after  the 
death  of  Gavin.  Of  his  origin  we  cannot  speak  with  any 
degree  of  certainty,  nor  do  we  know  what,  if  any,  connexion 
he  had  with  Gavin,  his  predecessor.  It  was  commonly 
believed,  on  the  authority  of  Scott  of  Satchells,  himself  a 
contemporary  of  Gilbert  Elliot,  that  Gilbert*s  feither  and 
mother  were  **  Elliot  of  Lariston  and  Scott  of  Buckleugh," 
and  that  authority  in  several  places  refers  to  his  relationship 
to  the  Buccleuch  family.  A  genealogy  of  1704-1707,  pre- 
served amongst  the  Minto  archives,  gives  him  a  similar 
origin,  and,  in  addition,  states  that  he  was  the  third  son 
of  Robert  Elliot  of  Larriston  and  a  daughter  of  Buccleuch ; 
his  elder  brothers  being  Robert  of  Redheugh  and  William  of 
Hartsgarth  and  Larriston.  In  Crawford's  *^  Peerage  of 
Scotland/'  published  in  1716,  we  find  the  statement  which 
Douglas  and  subsequent  authorities  have  adopted,  viz., 
that  Mary,  a  daughter  of  Sir  Walter  Scott  (afterwards 
Lord  Scott  of  Buccleuch),  married  William  Elliot  of 
Larriston  and  had  issue,  but  no  proof  is  forthcoming 
either  of  the  marriage  of  a  daughter  of  Buccleuch  to  the 
laird  of  Larriston  or  that  Buccleuch  had  a' daughter  named 
Mary.  It  has  always  been  believed,  nevertheless,  that 
Gibbie  was  somehow  related  to  the  Scotts  of  Buccleuch. 
A  tradition  still  lingers  in  Liddesdale  that  one  of  the  lairds 
of  Larriston  had  a  mistress  named  Maggy  Kidd,  whom 
he  kept  at  a  place  still  known,  as  Kidd's  Walls,  but  the 


liaison  coming  to  the  knowledge  of  his  wife,  he  removed 
Maggy  Kidd  to  a  tower  which  he  built  for  her  on  the 
farm  of  Hartsgarth,  where  she  gave  birth  to  several 
children,  for  whom  the  laird  made  provision;  and  for  the 
son  of  one  of  these,  Stobs  is  said  to  have  been  purchased, 
and  that  from  him  the  present  family  of  Stobs  is  descended.^ 
Mr  Elliot  shows  that  this  tradition  cannot  refer  to  Gibbie, 
whose  father,  according  to  such  evidence  as  we  have,  was 
legitimate,  but  might  be  connected  with  Gavin,  the  first 
laird.  From  the  evidence  of  two  deeds,  dated  29th  and 
30th  January,  1616,  and  by  reference  to  family  relations, 
Mr  Elliot  demonstrates  that  Gibbie  is  identical  with  a 
person  who,  previous  to  that  date,  was  known  as  Gilbert 
Elliot  of  Horsliehill,  while  the  heraldic  bearings  on  his 
seal,  affixed  to  the  later  of  these  deeds,  show  that  he 
belonged  to  the  Redheugh  or  Larriston  family,  not  to  that 
of  Horsliehill,  whose  arms  were  quite  distinct. 

Gilbert  Elliot  of  Stobs  married  Margaret  Scott,  commonly 
called  Maggie  Feudie,  the  daughter  of  Scott  of  Harden,  a 
celebrated  freebooter,  by  Mary  Scott,  "the  Flower  of 
Yarrow,"  daughter  of  William  Scott  of  Dryhope.  A  cir- 
cumstance relating  to  this  marriage  contract  merits  a  place 
in  the  records  of  the  family,  as  it  strongly  marks  the  pre- 
datory spirit  of  the  times.  Finding  it  inconvenient  to  take 
home  his  bride,  Gibbie  besought  his  father-in-law  to  allow 
him  to  remain  under  his  roof.  With  this  request  Har- 
den complied,  on  condition  that  he  was  to  receive  for  his 
board  "  the  plunder  of  his  first  harvest  moon ; "  a  most 
singular  agreement,  and  highly  characteristic  of  the  law- 
lessness and  barbarity  of  the  age.  Gilbert  Elliot  flourished 
in  the  beginning  of  the  seventeenth  century,  and  died  be- 
tween 1632  and  1637.     ^^  ^^^  ^^^  SOQS  ^^^  0°^  daughter: — 

z.  William,  his  heir. 

2.  Gilbert  of  Craigend,  named  in  a  royal  charter,  dated 

^  Jeffrey's  Roxburghshire,  vol.  iv.,  p.  237,  note. 



3.  Archibald  of  Middlestead,  married  Elizabeth  Lermont, 
named  in  a  deed  of  1637. 

4.  Gavin  of  Midlem  -  Miln  and  Grange,  ancestor  of 

5.  John,  an  advocate,  married  Marion,  daughter  of  David 
M*Culloch  of  Goodtrees. 

6.  James,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter  and  heiress 
of  Robert  Elliot  of  Redheugh  and  Lady  Jean  Stewart  his 

7.  Elizabeth,  married  TurnbuU  of  Minto,  who  sold  the 
estate  in  1673  to  Scott  of  Harwood. 

William  Elliot*  of  Stobs  had  a  charter  of  the  Town- 
of-Rule  in  1649.  He  chose  for  a  wife  a  daughter  of  the 
house  of  Douglas,  and  married  Elizabeth  of  Cavers,  and 
by  her  had  "a  family  of  three  sons  and  a  daughter : — 

1.  Gilbert,  his  heir — of  whom  presently. 

2.  Gavin,  who  got  a  disposition  from  his  wife,  whose 
name  was  Nicolson,  to  her  whole  e£fects,  £16669  13s  4d, 
dated  1687. 

3.  William  Elliot  of  Peebles,  whose  male  representative 
was  Sir  John  Elliot  of  Peebles,  physician  in  London, 
who  died  in  1787. 

4.  Margaret,  the  only  daughter,  married  William  Ben- 
net  of  Grubit. 

Sir  Gilbert  EUet,  first  baronet  of  Stobs,  distinguished 
himself  as  a  loyal  soldier  during  the  period  of  the  civil 
war,  and  for  his  services  was  knighted  by  Charles  IL  In 
*'  Metcalfe's  Book  of  Knights  '*  the  following  circumstance 
is  mentioned : — '*  Gilbert  Ellet  of  Stobes,  colonel  to  Sir 
Walter  Scott's  regiment  of  horse,  was  knighted  by  the 
king  at  Largo  Sands  on  the  14th  February,  1651."  Charles 
had  been  crowned  at  Scone  on  the  ist  of  January,  and  was 
on  his  way  south  when  he  performed  the  ceremony.  His 
Majesty  created  him  a   Nova   Scotia  baronet  on  the  3rd 

^  See  further  as  to  William  Elliot  in  appendix  No.  ix.  to  "  Border 

1 68  AifN^ALS  OF  A  BORDER  CLVlB. 

of  December,  i566.  Sir  Gilbert  married  a  sister  of  the 
third  Lord  Cranstown,  whose  family  at  an  early  period 
Owned  the  estate  of  Stobs,  her  mother  havings  been  a 
daughter  of  Francis,  Earl  Bothwell.  By  this  lady  he  had 
an  only  son,  William,  who  became  his  heir.  By  af  second 
wife,  Magdaline,  daughter  of  Sir  James  Nicholson  of 
Lasswade,  he  had  a  son,  Thomas,  who  predeceased  his 
father,  and  died,  in  1671.  Gilbert  came  ne^et,  of  whom  I 
have  something  to  say  presently.  Magdaline,  Sir  Gilbert's 
daughter,  married  Sir  John  Pringle  of  Stichill. 

The  estate  of  Stonedge  (now  called  Greenriver),  in 
Hobkirk  parish,  was  owned  by  a  branch  of  the  family 
of  Stobs«  It  is  now  in  possession  of  Lord  Sinclair. 
There  is  in  his  lordship's  charter  box  an  itisl^ument  of 
sasine  in  favour  of  William  Elliot  of  Stobs  and  his  eldest 
son,  Gilbert,  dated  8th  September,  1651.  Gilbert  Elliot 
disponed  his  property  to  Thomas,  his  eldest  son  by  his 
second  marriage,  in  1669.  Thomas  died  two  years  after- 
wards, and  his  next  brother,  Gilbert,  succeeded  to  Ston- 
edge on  the  death  of  his  father,  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  in 

Gilbert  Elliot  of  Stonedge  married  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Scott  of  Harwood-on-Teviot,  and  died  in  1705.  His 
family  consisted  of  eleven,  five  sons  and  six  daughters. 
Gilbert  was  his  heir,  and  married.  The  other  sons — 
Walter,  William,  John,  and  Robert — did  not  marry.  The 
daughters  all  entered  the  married  state.  Magdalene 
married  Robert  Ainslie;  Christian,  Mr  Dawson,  surgeon, 
Kelso ;  Helen,  Mr  Haswell,  provost  of  Jedburgh ;  Eliza- 
beth, Mr  Ogilvie;  Isobel,  Mr  Jerdon,'a  Newcastle  merchant; 
and  Margaret,  John  Angus,  son  of  John  Angus,  an  eminent 
solicitor  {vide  Cleghorn). 

Gilbert  Elliot  of  Stonedge  and  Howa  succeeded  his 
father,  and  married  Cecily  Kerr,  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Kerr  of  Abbotrule.  In  the  year  .1718  he  sold  Stonedge 
to  Adam  Scott,  in  Wauchope,  for  36,500  merks.  This  Adam 
Scott  was  brother  of  William  Scott  in  Hobsburn,  chamber- 


lain  to  the  Duchess  of  Buccleuch.  Gilbert  Elliot's  family 
consisted  of  two  sons,  viz.,  Gilbert  Elliot  of  Otterburn  and 
Charles,  captain  of  a  ship  in  the  Lisbon  trade.  Margaret, 
the  only  daughter,  was  married  to  William  Ker  of  Gate- 
shaw.  Gilbert  Elliot  of  Otterburn^  was  an  army  surgeon. 
He  joined  the  15th  Light  Dragoons  in  May,  17599  and 
his  commission  is  signed  by  George  IL  George  Augustus 
Eliott,  of  Gibraltar  fame^  was  at  that  time  the  colonel  of 
the  regiment.  After  his  retirement  from  the  service, 
Gilbert  became  agent  to  Elliot  of  Wells,  and  transacted 
all  the  business  connected  with  his  various  estates  in  the 
county  of  Roxburgh. 

Sir  William  Elliot,  second  baronet,  of  Stobs«  He  married, 
in  the  first  instance,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Scott,  Bart.,  of  Ancrum,  and  by  her  he  had  no  children. 
By  his  second  wife^  Margaret,  daughter  of  Charles  Murray 
of  Haddon,  he  had  two  sons  and  five  daughters: — 

Gilbert,  his  heir,  who  succeeded  to  the  title  and  estates. 

John,  who  is  supposed  to  have  entered  the  army. 

Margaret,  married,  on  the  2nd  of  September,  1703,  to 
John  Paterson  of  Granton,  afterwards  Sir  John  Paterson, 
Bart.,  of  Eccles. 

Magdaline,  married  to  Alexander  Scott  of  Sin  ton. 

Janet,  who  married  Captain  Alexander  Corbet. 

*  The  following  is  an  extract  from  hi«  will :  — "  I,  Gilbert  Elliot,  lately 
iteiding  at  Wells,  in  the  parish  of  Hobkirk,  Roxburghshire,  make  this 
thy  last  will  and  testsUnent.  I  resign  my  soul  to  the  Creator,  as  in  a 
Being  infinitely  good.  As  to  my  body,  my  will  is  that  it  be  buried  in 
the  isle  built  by  ffle  in  Mobkirk  churchyard.  And  in  order  to  prevent 
any  dispute  or  doubt  amongst-  my  Surviving  heirs  and  relations,  I  hereby, 
for  the  love  and  affection  I  bear  to  Jane  and  Margaret  Ker,  daughters  of 
Gilbert  Ker,  Ute  of  Gateshaw  (my  nephew),  bequeath  to  them  all  my 
estate  and  effects.  I  leave  to  William  Elliot  of  Wells  the  bedstead, 
curtains,  and  furniture  of  the  white  room  in  the  house  of  Wells,  also  the 
elbow  chair  of  James  Thomson  the  Poet,  that  was  sent  from  London  by 
the  late  Dr  John  Armstrong.  And  I  hereby  appoint  the  said  William 
Elliot  and  Gilbert  Ker,  Dr  Charles  Ker,  and  Ellis  Martin,  executors  of 
this  my  last  will,  re-dated  9th  day  of  January,  1801. 

(Signed)        "  Gilbt.  Elliot. 


Elizabeth,  married  to  John  Forrest,  merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh;  and 

Christian,  who  married  the  Rev.  Mr  Blair,  episcopal 
clergyman  in  Edinburgh. 

Sir  William  died,  February  19th,  1699,  and  was  survived 
by  Lady  Eliot t  until  August,  1739. 

Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  third  baronet,  of  Stobs,  succeeded  to  the 
title  and  estates  upon  the  death  of  his  father. 

In  1695  it  appears  that  Lymecleuch  and  Penchrise  were 
aded  to  his  estate : — The  lairds  of  these  places  committed  a 
theft  (not  specified),  and  were  charged,  under  the  pain  of  5000 
merks,  to  appear  before  the  Justiciary  Court.  Gilbert  Elliot 
of  Stobs  became  surety  for  them,  and  the  latter  absconded. 
Gilbert  Elliot  paid  the  fine,  and  apprised  these  two  places  in 
security  for  the  said  outlay.  The  Elliots  of  Lymecleuch 
and  Penchrise  extracted  another  5000  merks  from  Gilbert 
Elliot,  and  thus  these  two  fine  farms  passed  into  the  hands 
of  the  Stobs  family  {vide  Dictionary  of  Decisions,  Court  of 
Session  —  William  and  Robert  Elliot  of  Lymecleuch  and 
Penchrise,  against  John  Riddell  of  Hayning). 

Sir  Gilbert  married  Eleanor,  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Elliot^  a  merchant  in  London.^  Their  marriage  contract  is 
dated  April  14th,  1702,  and  contains  in  the  testing  clause  an 
interesting  list  of  persons  who  witnessed  the  signing  of  the 
deed — 

"  In  witness  whereof  (written  be  Walter  Deans,  servitor  to  Thomas 
Pringle,  wryter  to  the.  signet)  both  the  saids  parties  have  subscrived  thir 
presents,  place,  day,  moneth,  and  year  of  God  above  written,  before  these 
witnesses,  William  Lord  Cranstoun,  Mr  Robert  Pringle,  under  Secretary 
to  her  Majestie  for  the  said  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  Mr  William  Eliot, 
woolen  draper  in  the  city  of  London,  and  John  Eliot,  tayleor  there. 
(Signed.)  Gilb.  Eliott,  Ellenor  Eliott,Wm.  Elliot  - —  Cranston,  wittness ; 
Ro.  Pringle,  witness ;  Will  Eliot,  witness ;  John  Elliott,  wittness." 
Bated  14th  April,  1702." 

Sir  Gilbert  lived  a  good  deal  in  Edinburgh,  as  he  found  it 
convenient  for  the  education    of   his    large    family.      He 

1  William  Elliot,  merchant,  London,  purchased  the  estate  of  Wells,  five 
years  after  his  daughter  Eleanor's  marriage. 


purchased,  from  Sir  John  Scott,  Bart.,  of  Ancrum,  a  house 
situated  in  Trunks  Close,  Canongate,  which  at  that  period 
was  considered  a  fashionable  quarter  in  the  capital  of 
Scotland.  In  the  year  1707  Sir  Gilbert's  father-in-law,  M;r 
William  Elliot,  who  had  acquired  a  large  fortune  as  a 
London  merchant,  purchased  from  Thomas  Rutherford  the 
estate  of  Wells,  and  afterwards  became  possessed  of  other 
estates  in  the  county.  Sir  Gilbert's  children  were  as  follows : 

William,  born  in  London,  1703  ;  died  5lh  December,  1705. 

Gilbert,  born  at  Stobs,  August,  1704;  died  17th  January, 

John,  born  in  Trunks  Close,  Edinburgh,  1705,  who  suc- 

William,  born  in  Trunks  Close,  Edinburgh,  1706. 

Gilbert,  born  in  Trunks  Close,  Edinburgh,  1707.^ 

Eleanor,  born  in  London,  1708. 

Charles,  born  in  London,  1709. 

Archibald,  born  at  Stobs  in  1710. 

Eliott,  born  at  Stobs  on  the  17th  of  February,  1712. 

''On  Sunday,  the  1 6th  March,  1712,  between  11  and  12  at 
night,  the  House  of  Stobs  took  fire  and  was  burnt  to  the 
ground." " 

Gavin  was  born  at  Wells,  19th  July,  1713. 

George  Augustus,  at  Wells,  the  14th  December,  1717.' 

It  was  not  until  after  1723  that  the  family  of  Stobs  spelt 
their  name  with  a  double  T  and  single  L.  On  some  old 
linen  still  preserved  in  the  family  (now  in  possession  of  Lady 

^  Trunks  Close  has  now  disappeared ;  it  was  formerly  entered  from  the 
High  Street,  a  little  west  from  John  Knox's  house. 

*  At  this  fire,  it  is  said,  all  the  most  interesting  old  papers  and  parch- 
ments of  the  family  were  destroyed.  Hawick  people  are  blamed  for 
setting  the  house  on  fire.  It  is  a  curious  fact  that  no  mention  is  made  of 
this  in  any  of  the  Parish  or  Hawick  records.  In  1770  Sir  Francis  writes 
to  his  sister  Ann.  in  which  he  declares  his  wish  "to  build  a  proper 
mansion  house  suitable  to  the  estate,  as  there  is  none  at  present,  the 
house  having  been  totally  destroyed  by  fire  some  years  ago." 

>  The  list  of  Sir  Gilbert's  children  is  copied  from  an  old  paper  found 
amongst  the  documents  of  Gilbert  Eliott  of  Otterburn. 


Elliot)  is  the  baronet*s  name,  and  tlso  that  of  his  wife, 
woven  into  the  fabric — ^*  Sir  Gilbert  Eliot  of  Stobs,  Bart.," 
in  the  centre  the  family  arms,  and  beneath  **  Dam  Ellenor 
Eliot,  1723."  The  families  of  the  name  of  Elliot  had  become 
so  numerous  that  it  almost  became  necessary  that  the 
leading  branch  of  the  clan  should  spell  their  name  somewhat 
differently  from  the  others. 

The  double  L  and  single  T 
Descend  from  Minto  and  Wolflee, 

The  doable  T  and  single  L 
'        Marks  the  old  race  in  Stobs  that  dwell, 

The  single  L  and  single  T 
The  pilots  of  St  Germains  be, 

But  double  T  and  double  L 
Who  they  are^  nobody  can  teU. 

In  the  year  171 3  Sir  Gilbert  was  presented  with  the 
freedom  of  the  city  of  Edinburgh.  In  the  year  1726  he 
attended  a  head  court  in  Jedburgh,  and  in  an  after-dinner 
quarrel  killed  Colonel  Stewart  of  Stewartfieldi  at  the  Black 
Bull  Inn.  For  this  he  received  a  pardon,  and  survived  the 
event  nearly  forty  years.     He  died  in  1764. 

Before  proceeding  with  the  family  of  Elliot,  I  shall  here 
give  a  short  account  of  George  Augustus,  the  youngest 
son  of  Gilbert  Eliott,  third  baronet.  He  was  bom  at  Wells 
{not  at  Stobs)  in  171 7.  Stobs  had  been  burnt  to  the 
ground  in  1712,  and  was  not  rebuilt  for  some  years  after  the 
birth  of  our  young  hero.  At  the  age  of  17  years  he  joined 
the  23rd  Regimeat  (commanded  by  JUieut.-(}pl.  Peers)  as  a 
volunteer.  From  thence  he  went  into  the  engineer  corps  at 
Woolwich,  and  remained  there  until  his  uncle.  Colonel  Elliot, 
^  him  adjutant  in  the  2nd  troop  of  horse  grenadiers. 
At  the  battle  of  Dittengen  he  was  wounded;  he  became  by 
purchase  lieut. -colonel  of  the  corps.  He  was  appointed 
aide-de-camp  to  King  George  II.  In  1759  he  was  selected 
to  raise,  form,  and  discipline  the  first  regiment  Light  Horse, 
•called  in  compldment  to  himself  Elliot's  Horse.     He  was 


promoted  to  ibe  rasik  of  brigadier  -  general  aod  rserved  in 
Germany^  and  in  the  expedition  against  tbe  Havanna,  with 
iiistinction.  When  peaoe  was  declared,  his  gallant  regiment 
was  reviewed  by  the  King,  who  asked  General  Eliptt 
what  mark  ol  honour  he  could  bestow  on-  it.  J£liott 
answered  that  his  r^ment  would  be  proud  if  his  Majesty 
should  think  that  by  their  services  they  were  entitled  to  the 
distinction  of  *'  Koyals."  It  was  accordingly  ipade  a  royal 
regiment,  now  .the  15th,  or  King's  Royal  Regiment  of 

In  1775  General  Eliott  commanded  the  forces  in  Ireland> 
after  which  appointment  he  got  the  important  command  of 
Gibraltar.  The  general  married  a  sister  of  Sir  Francis 
Drake  of  NutweU  Court.  He  was  created  Lord  Heathfield, 
JBaron  Gibraltar,  on  the  14th  June,  1787,  and  died  at  Aiic^la- 
Chapelle  on  tbe  6th  July,  1790,  on  his  way  to  Gibraltar  to 
take  command  of  the  garrison.^ 

Heathfield  is  in  the  Eastbourne  division  of  Sussex.  In 
:J766  Lieut. -^General  G*  A.  Eliott  purchased  the  estate  of 
Bailey  Park,  in  tbe  parish  of  Heathfield.  After  his  death,  it 
was  sold  by  his  representatives,  in  179 1,  to  Francis  Newbery, 
-of  St  Paul's  Churchyard,  who  added  to  its  extent  and 
•changed  the  name  to  Heathfield  Park.  When  Lord  Heath- 
field died  he  was  72  years  of  age,  and  his  remains  were 
•deposited  'in  a  vault  in  Heathfield  church,  although  after- 
wards removed  to  Buckland  in  Devon^*-Lady  Heathfield's 
iiGune.  A  plate  is  erected  in  Heathfield  church  to  his 
memory,  it  is  focmed  out  of  a  Spanish  ^un  belonging  .to  the 
floating  battery  destroyed  before  Gibraltar  in  1782. 

The  .following  anecdote  is  related  of  the  general: — Durii^ 
the  siege  of  Gibraltar,  it  was  customary  with  Jtbe  general  to 

^  Lord  Heathfield  was  sufifering  from  paralysis  when  his  Majesty  George 
III.  again  entrusted  to  him  the  command  of  this  important  fortress.  The 
gallant  old  general  had  expressed  a  wish  that  he  might  end  his  days  in 
command  of  the  Rock — vide  his  butler's  MSS.  journal.  On  the  death  of 
JLord  Heathfield,  General  Boyd  was  gazetted  as  governor  of  Gibraltar — 
Vide  "London  Qacette." 


take  his  nightly  rounds  in  order  to  see  that  all  was  safe,  and 
the  sentinels  alert  on  duty.  One  night,  disguised  in  his 
roquelean,  he  came  upon  a  sentry  who,  overcome  with  fatigue, 
was  fast  asleep  with  his  firelock  in  his  arms.  The  general 
clapped  him  on  the  shoulder,  and  raising  him,  said,  **  Thank 
God,  General  Eliott  awoke  you.**  The  poor  fellow,  almost 
petrified  with  astonishment,  dropped  his  arms  and  fell  down ; 
the  general,  however,  walked  on,  first  desiring  him  to  be 
more  careful.  The  soldier  expected  death  as  his  punishment, 
and  dreaded  the  dawn  of  day,  which  he  supposed  would 
usher  him  to  a  court-martial.  Fortunately  for  him,  how- 
ever, the  general  did  not  mention  the  circumstance,  or  take 
further  notice  of  it.  A  few  days  afterwards,  the  general 
being  present  while  the  soldiers  were  busily  employed  in 
carrying  bags  of  sand,  the  man  showed  himself  particularly 
industrious,  and  as  if  eager  to  make  atonement  for  his  past 
neglect,  took  two  bags  to  carry,  beneath  the  weight  of  which 
he  could  scarcely  stand.  This  being  observed  by  the  general, 
he  again  addressed  him,  saying,  ''  My  good  fellow,  do  not 
attempt  more  than  you  are  able  to  carry,  lest  you  should 
sustain  an  injury  that  might  deprive  us  of  your  future  services, 
which  are  of  infinitely  more  consequence  than  the  additional 
burden  you  would  now  car;  y." 

Sir  John  Eliott  of  Stobs,  fourth  baronet,  succeeded 
to  the  title  and  estates  when  he  was  about  sixty 
years  of  age.  It  is  said  he  was  named  John,  after 
the  great  Duke  of  Argyle.  He  did  not  long  enjoy 
his  patrimony,  as  he  died  three  years  later.  When  he 
was  a  boy  of  eight  years  of  age,  the  burgh  of  Jed- 
burgh, in  1713,  made  him  a  burgess  and  guild  brother. 
Sir  John  married  Mary  Andrews,  of  London,  and  died  in 
1767,  leaving  two  sons — Francis  and  John — and  a  daughter^ 
Anne.  (She  lived,  in  the  year  1770,  in  New  Portugal  Street^ 

Sir  Francis  Eliott  of  Stobs,  fifth  baronet,  succeeded  his 
father.  He  married  Miss  Dickson  of  Eckford,  and  had  two 
sons  and  two  daughters — Mary  and  Anne.   Mary  married  Mr 


Guy,  and  died  on  19th  March,  1826.  The  two  sons  were 
William  and  John.  The  latter  went  out  to  the  West  Indies, 
and  when  the  20th  (or  Jamaica  regiment)  Light  Dragoons 
was  raised  in  1792,  obtained  a  commission  in  it.  He  eventu- 
ally became  a  captain,  and  died  August  nth,  1795,  on  board 
the  **  Princess  Royal'*  packet  on  his  passage  home  from 

John,  brother  of  Sir  Francis  Eliott,  was  for  many  years  a 
subaltern  officer  in  the  Inniskilling  Dragoons,  and  died  as 
senior  lieutenant  of  the  regiment  in  August,  1769. 

Sir  William  Eliott  of  Stobs,  sixth  baronet,  succeeded  his 
father  in  1791,  and  died  May  14th,  1812.  He  married  Mary, 
youngest  daughter  of  John  Russell,  Clerk  to  the  Signet,  on 
30th  March  1790,  in  Edinburgh.  They  had  seven  sons  and 
two  daughters.  Lady  Eliott  died  in  the  year  1850.  Sir 
William  left  his  successor  a  heritage  of  law  suits,  which  cost 
large  sums  of  money,  and  kept  his  eldest  son  in  straitened 
circumstances  throughout  his  life.  The  family  was  as 
follows : — 

1 .  William  Francis,  who  succeeded. 

2.  John,  major  of  the  8th  Hussars,  died  unmarried  in 

3.  Gilbert,  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  {vide  Memoir). 

4.  Sir  Daniel  Eliott,  K.C.S.T.,  Madras  Civil  Service, 
bom  1798,  died  1872;  he  married,  in  1818,  Georgina, 
daughter  of  General  G.  Russell,  and  had  issue. 

5.  George  Augustus,  admiral  R.  N.,  born  1799,  married, 
and  had  issue. 

6.  Russell,  admiral  R.  N.,  born  1802,  married,  and  had 

7.  Alexander,  late  naval  storekeeper,  Devonport,  born 
1807,  died  unmarried. 

8.  Bethia  Mary,  died  unmarried. 

9.  Euphemia  Elizabeth  Anne,  married,  1859,  to  the 
Rev.  Dean  Bagot. 

Sir  William  Francis  of  Stobs,  seventh  baronet,  was  born 
in  1791.    As  a  youth  of  sixteen  he  joined  the  Queen's  Bays 




as  cornet.  He  obtained  his  lieutenancy  on  27th  July  1809, 
and  remained  in  the  regiment  until  181 2,  when  he  retired* 
on  succeeding  his  father  to  the  title  and  estates.  The 
regiment  was  quartered  in  London  for  some  time,  and  the 
Prince  Regent,  who  was  always  fond  of  a  game  at  cards  and 
the  society  of  ofScers,  is  said  to  have  played  a  good  deal 
with  "  certain  officers  of  the  Bays.**  It  was  also  rumoured 
at  the  time  that  young  Eliott  lost  rather  heavily  to  his 
Royal  Highness.^ 

Sir  William  married,  on  the  22nd  March,  1826,  Theresa 
Janet,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Bos  well,  Bart., 
of  Auchenleck,  granddaughter  of  the  biographer  of  Johnson. 
Lady  Eliott  died  at  Belvidere,  Broadstairs,  Kent,  on  the 
9th  of  October,  1836.  Sir  William,  for  a  short  period  before 
his  death,  occupied  his  residence  at  Wells.^  He  died  on  the 
3rd  September,  1864,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son.  Sir 
William  Francis  Augustus  Eliott  of  Stobs,  eighth  baronet. 

Other  members  of  this  family  are : — 

Alexander  Boswell,  born  1830,  for  a  short  time  in  the 
Royal  Navy,  married,  and  has  issue. 

George  Augustus  Leslie,  born  1833,  married,  and  has 

Jessie  Blanche  Adelaide,  married,  in  1868,  to  Captain 
James  John  Wood,  late  45th  Foot,  and  died  at  9  West- 
bourne  Street,  Hyde  Park,  on  the  26th  of  January,  1898, 
leaving  a  son  and  two  daughters. 

Frances  Elizabeth,  died  in  1869,  having  married,  in  1855, 
Edmund  Forrest  of  the  Post  Office,  and  left  a  large  family. 

Sir  William         SiR  WiLLiAM  F.  A.  Elliot  was  born  at  Stobs  in  1827, 

Baronet,  of      joined  the  93rd  Highlanders  as  an  ensign  by  purchase  in 

Stobs.  1845.      He  married,  in  December,  1846,  Charlotte  Maria, 

daughter    of   Robert    Wood    of   Quebec    (she    died    29th 

^  In  i8z8,  Sir  W.  F.  Eliott  succeeded  his  cousin,  the  Right  Honourable 
William  Elliot,  M.P.,  to  the  estate  of  Wells ;  the  second  Lord  Heathfield, 
on  whom  the  estates  were  entailed,  having  died  previously  in  his  63rd 
year.    Wells  is  now  the  property  of  John  Usher  of  Norton. 


November,  1878).  Sir  William  married,  secondly,  on  the 
22nd  of  April,  1879,  Hannah  Grissell,  widow  of  Henry 
Kelsall,  and  daughter  of  H.  T.  Birkett  of  Foxbury,  Surrey. 
He  has  a  daughter  by  his  first  marriage.  Sir  William  Eliott 
is  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  deputy  lieutenant  of  the  county 
of  Roxburgh,  and  resided  for  many  years  at  Wells.  He  was 
proposed  as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  by  his  friend 
Edward  Maxwell  of  Teviotbank,  and  unanimously  admitted 
in  1869.  The  arms,  crests  and  supporters  in  augmentation 
of  the  family  arms,  which  were  granted  by  the  Crown  to 
Lord  Heathfield  and  his  descendants  in  1787,  were  re- 
granted  by  James  Tytler,  Lyon  Depute,  28th  of  January, 
1859,  to  Sir  William  Eliott. 

Gilbert   Eliott  was  third  son  of  Sir  William   Eliott,  Lieutenant 
sixth  baronet  of  Stobs,  by  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Russell  EHoi^Royal 
of  Roseburn.      He  entered  the  Royal  Artillery  as  second  Artillery, 
lieutenant,   on    loth    July    1815,  about   three  weeks  after 
Waterloo.     He  was  promoted  to  first  lieutenant,  6th  August, 
1 82 1,  and  on  that  date  was  placed  upon  half-pay.     Gilbert 
Eliott  returned  to  Scotland,  and  resided  with  his  mother  at 
Wells.     He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  on 
the  30th  October,  1822.     In  1830,  he  married  Isabella  Lucy, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Elliot,^  rector  of  Wheldrake,  by 
Mary,  daughter    of   the    Rev.    E.    Garforth    of   Askham, 
Yorkshire,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons.     His  brother-in-law, 
Dr  Grant,  having  decided  to  go  to  Australia  for  the  benefit 
of  his  health,  Gilbert  Eliott  arranged  to  go  there  also  with 
his  wife  and  family.     He  commuted  his  half- pay  in   1839, 
and  left  for  Australia  the  same  year.     He  eventually  settled 
down  in  the   neighbourhood  of   Brisbane,  where  he  was 
elected  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Assembly,  in  recognition  of 
his  talents.     He  died  on  the  30th  June,  1871,  leaving  a  son, 
Gilbert  William,  who  was  a  police  magistrate  at  Toowomba, 
Queensland,  and  has  two  sons  now  in  the  colony. 

1  He  was  the  fourth  son  of  the  third  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot  of  Minto.— Vide 
Dr  Grant,  Jedburgh ;  Eliott  of  Stobs,  and  Elliot  of  Minto. 





HE  Elliots  of  Minto  are  a  branch  of  the  family  of 
Stobs.  Gilbert  Elliot,  a  distinguished  lawyer  and 
judge,  the  founder  of  the  Minto  family,  was  a  younger  son  ^ 
of  Gawin  or  Gavin  Elliot  of  Grange  and  Middlem-niiln. 

Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  first  baronet,  of  Headshaw,  was  born  in 
1 65 1,  and  was  educated  for  the  law.  He  first  became  a 
writer,  and  he  acted  professionally  for  the  celebrated  preacher, 
Mr  William  Veitch,  who  was  condemned  to  death  for  his 
religious  opinions.  Mr  Elliot,  by  his  tact  and  perseverance, 
was  instrumental  in  getting  his  client's  sentence  commuted 
to  banishment.  This  was  in  1679.  Some  years  afterwards 
Mr  Elliot  also  suffered  for  the  same  reason,  and  was 
denounced  by  the  Scottish  Privy  Council.  In  1685,  ^^  §0^ 
into  further  trouble,  and  was  condemned  for  treason,  having 
been  in  arms  with  Argyle.  Through  interest  he  obtained  a 
pardon  in  1687,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Scottish  bar  the 
following  year.*  He  formed  one  of  the  deputation  from 
Scotland  to  the  Prince  of  Orange  in  1689.  At  the  revolution 
he  was  appointed  clerk  to  the  Privy  Council,  which  office  he 
held  until  1692.  Mr  Elliot  purchased  the  lands  of  Minto 
from  the  daughters  of  Walter  Riddell,  second  son  of  Walter 
Riddell  of  Newhouse. 

He  was  created  a  baronet  of  Nova  Scotia  in  1700,  and 
was  confirmed  by  William  III.  in  his  title  to  the  barony  of 
Headshaw,  by  the  granting  of  a  charter.  Sir  Gilbert  was 
M.P.  for  Roxburghshire;  a  Lord  of  Session  in  1705  (under 

^  Robert,  eldest  son  of  Gavin  Elliot,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Elliot  of  Harwood-on-Rule.  and  had  a  daughter,  Magdalene,  who  was 
married  to  James  Pasley  of  Craig,  near  Langholm,  and  died  on  the  13th 
of  April.  1773,  aged  78.  There  was,  with  other  issue  of  this  marriage,  a 
son,  Sir  Thomas  Pasley,  Royal  Navy,  created  a  baronet  in  1794. 

*  His  house  was  in  Niddries  Wynd,  Edinburgh. 


the  designation  of  Lord  Minto),  and  died  in  1718,  aged  67. 
He  married,  first,  Helen  Stevenson,  daughter  of  a  burgess  of 
Edinburgh,  by  whom  he  had  one  daughter,  Mary,  who  was 
married  to  Sir  John  Elphinstone  of  Logie.  Sir  Gilbert 
married,  secondly,  Jean,  daughter  of  Sir  Andrew  Carre  of 
Cavers,  and  had  two  sons  and  a  daughter,  as  follows : — 

Gilbert,  who  succeeded. 

John,  captain  Royal  Navy,  M.P.  for  Cockermouth,  1766-8. 

Ellenor,  married,  November  1737,  to  John  Rutherford  of 
Edgerston,  advocate. 

Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  second  baronet,  of  Minto,  was  born  in 
1693,  and  succeeded  his  father  in  1718.  He  became  an 
advocate.  In  this  profession  he  quickly  rose,  and  on  the 
4th  of  June,  1726,  he  was  elected  a  Lord  of  Session,  when  he 
likewise  assumed  the  title  of  Lord  Minto.  He  was  after- 
wards appointed  Lord  Justice  Clerk,  and  represented 
Roxburghshire  in  Parliament,  1722-7.  Sir  Gilbert  married 
Helen,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Stewart,  Bart.,  of  AUanbank, 
county  of  Berwick,  and  died  at  Minto  on  the  i6th  of  April, 
1766.  With  other  children,  he  left  three  sons  and  one 
daughter,  Marianne  by  name,  who  died  at  her  house  in 
Buccleuch  Place,  April  loth,  181 1  {vide  Edinburgh  Evening 
Courant).     His  sons  were: — 

Gilbert,  who  succeeded — of  whom,  presently. 

Andrew,  of  Greenwells,  county  of  Roxburgh,  lieut.- 
governor.  New  York. 

John,  a  distinguished  naval  officer,  who  attained  the  rank 
of  admiral  in  1787.  He  captured  a  fleet  commanded  by  the 
famous  French  admiral  Thurot,  in  1760,  as  follows : — 

Thurot  invaded  Ireland  in  1760.  His  fleet  consisted  of 
three  frigates  and  two  smaller  vessels,  carrying  in  all  168 
guns  and  1970  men.  He  landed  a  force,  about  a  thousand 
strong,  at  Carrickfergus,  and  plundered  the  town.  In  the 
meantime.  Captain  Elliot  of  H.M.S.  '*iEolius,"  32  guns  and 
210  men,  who  was  stationed  off  Kinsale,  having  received 
advice  from  the  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland  that  several 
French  ships  had  appeared  off  Carrickfergus,  sailed  with 


the  "  Pallas"  and  "  Brilliant,"  two  36  gun  frigates,  in  quest 
of  them.  Captain  Elliot,  on  the  28th  of  February,  1760, 
sighted  the  enemy  not  far  from  the  Isle  of  Man,  when  a 
general  action  took  place,  which  continued  for  an  hour  and  a 
half,  after  which  the  Frenchmen  struck  their  colours.  The 
gallant  Thurot  was  unfortunately  killed  after  he  had  ordered 
the  colours  to  be  hauled  down,  and  about  300  of  his  men 
were  killed  and  wounded  during  the  action.  After  getting 
his  prizes  repaired  in  Ramsey  bay,  Isle  of  Man,  Captain 
Elliot  took  them  to  Kinsale.  For  his  services  he  was 
thanked  by  the  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  and  the  free- 
dom of  the  city  of  Cork  was  presented  to  him  in  a  silver  box. 

An  anecdote  of  Captain  Elliot  and  Captain  Kempenfelt  is 
related  in  Ruddtman's  Weekly  Mercury : — 

"  As  soon  as  Sir  Charles  Hardy  was  appointed  to  the  command  of  the 
fleet,  Lord  Sandwich  sent  for  Captain  Elliot,  and  told  him,  an  able 
officer  was  wanted  to  be  captain  of  the  flagship ;  and  that,  from  his 
former  services  and  bravery,  he  was  thought  a  proper  person,  and, 
therefore,  he  now  made  him  an  ofier  of  that  station. 

"  Captain  Elliot  thanked  his  lordship  for  the  good  opinion  he  entertained 
of  him,  but  begged  leave  to  decline  so  great  an  honour,  as  he  had  but  little 
experience  in  a  large  line  of  battle,  and  therefore,  could  not  in  conscience 
undertake  a  duty  he  did  not  think  himself  completely  qualified  for.  As  to 
his  own  single  ship,  he  would  fight  any  force  his  king  or  his  country 
should  send  him  against ;  for  neither  he  nor  his  men  had  yet  learned  the 
nice  calculations,  so  very  fashionable  at  present,  of  the  superiority  of  a 
few  odd  tons  or  guns.  He  said,  however,  though  he  did  not  think  himself 
fit  for  the  station  his  lordship  had  pointed  out,  he  knew  an  officer  of 
great  bravery  and  experience.  Captain  Kempenfelt,  who  had  made  the 
management  of  a  line  his  particular  study. 

*'  His  lordship  said,  that  Captain  Kempenfelt  had  been  thought  of ;  but 
he  was  not  sure  it  would  be  agreeable  to  him.  Captain  Elliot  replied, 
that  Captain  Kempenfelt  was  an  old  and  gallant  officer,  and  perhaps 
thought  himself  neglected;  that  rather  than  his  king  and  his  country 
should  be  deprived  of  his  services,  he  would  willingly  give  up  to  Captain 
Kempenfelt  his  commission  of  Colonel  of  Marines,  to  which  his  Majesty 
had  been  pleased  lately  to  appoint  him.  When  Captain  Kempenfelt 
heard  this,  he  said,  '  Elliot  is  too  generous ;  I  will  not  accept  his  post, 
which  he  himself  well  deserves ;  but  his  good  opinion  of  me  has  confirmed 
me  in  accepting  the  command.' " 

Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  third  baronet,  of  Minto,  was  born  in 
September,  1722,   and  was  educated,  like  his  forefathers, 


for  the  Scottish  bar,  and  passed  as  advocate  on  the  loth 
December,  1743.  Sir  Gilbert  was  a  man  of  refined  tastes; 
he  was  a  poet,  and  also  a  philosopher.  This,  however,  did 
not  prevent  his  being  practical,  and  he  filled  several  high 
and  important  official  stations.  He  was  M.P.  for  the 
county  of  Selkirk,  1754,  ^°^  ^^^  again  returned  for  the 
same  constituency  in  1761.  On  a  vacancy  occurring  in 
the  representation  of  his  native  county,  he  resigned  his 
seat  for  Selkirkshire,  and  became  M.P.  for  Roxburghshire. 
Sir  Gilbert  was  one  of  the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty;  keeper 
of  the  signet  in  Scotland ;  and  treasurer  of  the  navy.  He 
married,  on  15th  of  December,  1746,  Agnes  Kynynmound, 
heiress  of  Melgund,  in  Forfarshire,  and  of  Kynynmound, 
in  Fifeshire,  by  whom  he  had  four  sons  and  one  daughter. 
He  died  at  Marseilles,  whither  he  had  gone  for  his  health. 
In  January  7,  1777;  and  she  died  at  Bath  in  the  end  of 
the  following  year  {vide  Ruddiman^s  Weekly  Mercury),  He 
had  a  family,  of  whom — 

Gilbert,  who  became  first  Earl  of  Minto. 

Hugh,  born  6th  April,  1752 — a  Privy  Councillor,  governor 
of  Madras  and  the  Leeward  Islands ;  died  loth  December, 
1830,  and  buried  in  Westminster  Abbey. 

Alexander  Kynynmound,  born  1754;  served  in  East 
Indies;  died  1778.* 

Robert,  bom  4th  April,  1755 ;  rector  of  Wheldrake,  York- 
shire ;^  died  1824,  leaving  issue. 

Eleanor,  rharried,  26th  September,  1776,  William  Eden, 
first  Lord  Auckland;  he  died  28th  May,  1814;  and  she 
departed  this  life  i8th  May,  1818. 

Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  fourth  baronet,  and  first  earl  of  Minto, 
was  horn  on  the  23rd  April,  1751.  He  was  educated  at 
Christchurch  College,  Oxford,  matriculating  in   1768,  and 

1  In  India,  October,  ryyS,  Alexander  Elliot,  brother  of  Sir  G.  Elliot  of 
Minto,  Bart.  He  died  in  the  25th  year  of  his  age,  in  a  journey  through 
the  Mahratta  country,  having  been  sent  from  Bengal  on  an  important 
embassy  to  Poonah. — Vidt  Ruddman^s  Wiehly  Mercury,  1779. 

<  Vide  Gilbert  EUiot,  Stobs  femily. 


was,  in  due  time,  called  to  the  bar.  In  January,  1777,  he 
married  Anna  Maria,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  George  Am* 
yand,  Bart.,  and  during  the  same  year  was  elected  member 
of  parliament  for  the  county  of  Roxburgh.  The  university 
of  Oxford  conferred  the  degree  of  D.C.L.  upon  Sir  Gilbert 
in  July,  and  about  the  same  time  he  was  appointed  gover- 
nor of  Corsica  and  a  member  of  the  Privy  Council. 

In  1794  the  French  surrendered  the  principal  strongholds 
they  had  hitherto  held  in  Corsica,  and  on  the  15th  June, 
1794,  Sir  Gilbert  became  viceroy,  and  held  the  reins  of 
government  for  a  time.  An  insurrection  occurred  in  1796, 
and  the  French  party  having  gained  considerably  in 
strength,  the  British  found  their  position  extremely  precari- 
ous. It  was  resolved  to  abandon  the  island,  and  Sir  Gilbert, 
with  his  staff,  sailed  from  Corsica,  ^  route  for  England. 
He  arrived  at  Gibraltar  on  February  9th,  1797,  and  on 
the  nth  he  left  it,  with  Nelson,  in  H.M.S.  "  Minerve,"  in 
order  to  report  his  observations  on  the  state  of  Italy  to 
Admiral  Sir  John  Jervis  before  proceeding  home.  The 
''Minerve"  had  scarcely  reached  the  Straits,  when  she 
found  herself  hotly  pursued  by  two  Spanish  line -of- battle 
ships;  and  the  frigate  being  cleared  for  action.  Sir  Gilbert 
was  requested  to  so  dispose  his  papers  that  a  portion  of 
them  could  be  sunk  if  necessary.  At  the  hottest  moment 
of  the  chase  the  danger  was  averted  by  an  incident  which 
is  related  in  the  narrative  of  the  battle  of  St  Vincent  by 
Colonel  Drinkwater.  The  sudden  cry  of  "A  man  over- 
board!" having  led  to  the  lowering  of  the  jolly-boat  with 
a  party  of  sailors,  under  the  gallant  young  Hardy,  the 
current  of  the  Straits  rapidly  carried  the  boat  far  astern 
of  the  frigate — a  circumstance  which,  combined  with  the 
fast  sailing  of  the  foremost  of  the  enemy's  ships,  rendered 
the  situation  of  the  crew  extremely  perilous.  At  this  crisis, 
Nelson,  casting  an  anxious  look  at  the  hazardous  situation 
of  Hardy  and  his  companions,  exclaimed,  <*By  God,  TU 
not  lose  Hardy !  Back  the  mizzen  top-sail."  No  sooner 
said  than  done ;  the  '<  Minerve's  "  progress  was  retarded,  the 


boat  regained  the  ship;  and  the  Spaniard,  confounded  by 
this  manceuvre,  and  shrinking  from  the  challenge  he  believed 
to  be  offered  him,  shortened  sail,  and  was  soon  lost  to  sight.^ 
In  the  course  of  the  ensuing  night,  which  was  very  foggy, 
the  "Minerve"  found  herself  surrounded  by  strange  sails. 
When  morning  broke,  no  ships  were  to  be  seen,  and  Nelson 
became  assured  that  he  had  passed  through  the  main  fleet 
of  the  enemy;  and  on  the  13th  he  joined  that  of  Sir  John 
Jervis,  to  the  gratification  of  all  parties.  Sir  Gilbert  then 
left  the  **  Minerve,"  and  repaired  on  board  the  "Lively" 
frigate,  under  orders  to  proceed  with  him  immediately  to 
England.  However,  Elliot  could  not  bear  the  idea 
of  leaving  the  British  fleet  at  this  critical  juncture.  He 
had  his  request  to  remain  as  a  volunteer  on  board  the 
*•  Victory  "  refused,  but  he  obtained  the  admiral's  assent  to 
his  second  proposal — that  the  "Lively"  should  be  retained 
to  carry  home  the  despatches  concerning  the  expected 
naval  engagement. 

Thus  it  was,  that  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot  was  an  eye-witness  of 
the  battle  of  St  Vincent  (1797).  His  descendants,  further- 
more, possess  a  sword  taken  from  the  captain  of  the 
"  San  Josef,"  by  Nelson  himself,  and  by  him  presented  to 
Sir  Gilbert. 

The  "Lively"  arrived  at  Plymouth  on  Sunday,  5th  March, 
1797,  and  Captain  Calder,  who  had  charge  of  the  despatches, 
immediately  landed  and  proceeded  to  London.  The  people 
of  Plymouth  were  firmly  persuaded  that  the  French  and 
Spanish  fleets  had  effected  a  union,  and  that  ruin  and 
invasion  stared  them  in  the  face.  When  told  of  the  glorious 
battle,  they  would  hardly  believe  it,  and  such  was  the  panic 
prevailing,  that  only  fifteen  guineas  in  gold  could  be 
borrowed  in  the  town  to  enable  Sir  Gilbert  and  his  servants 
to  pay  their  way  to  London.  For  his  services  in  Corsica 
and  elsewhere,   Sir  Gilbert  was  created   Baron   Minto  of 

1  Vide  "  Life  of  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot."  vol.  ii..  p.  375-6. 


Minto,  in  the  Peerage  of  Great  Britain  (dated  20th  October, 
1797)-  '^he  n^x^  important  position  the  new  peer  filled  was 
that  of  Envoy  Extraordinary  to  Vienna  in  1799;  in  1806  he 
was  President  of  the  Board  of  Control  for  India.  Soon 
afterwards  Lord  Minto  was  appointed  Governor  General  of 
India,  and,  sailing  from  England  in  February  1807,  arrived 
at  his  destination  towards  the  end  of  the  July  following. 
During  his  tenure  of  office,  he  annexed  Amboyna  and  the 
entire  group  of  the  Molucca  Islands,  for  which  a  badge  was 
given  by  the  East  India  Company  to  a  portion  of  the  native 
troops  engaged.  He  took  from  France,  in  1810,  the  isles  of 
Bourbon  and  the  Mauritius,  and  in  the  following  year 
wrested  from  the  Dutch  the  valuable  island  of  Java, 
accompanying  the  expedition  in  person,  and  taking  an  active 
part  in  all  the  arrangements  for  the  campaign.^  For  this,  a 
medal  was  given  to  the  native  troops,  and  a  gold  medal  of 
the  same  design  was  conferred  by  the  Directors  of  the  East 
India  Company  on  the  earl  himself.* 

In  1813  he  was  superseded  by  the  Earl  of  Moira,  and  on 
the  arrival  of  that  nobleman  he  immediately  left  for  England, 
where  he  arrived  in  May,  1814. 

In  the  very  moment  of  hard-won  triumph,  Lord  Minto 
returned  to  England,  where  the  allied  sovereigns  had  met  to 
celebrate  the  downfall  of  Napoleon ;  but  from  national 
rejoicings,  from  personal  honours,  and  even  from  the  joyous 

1  Extract  G.  G.  O. — The  Governor-General,  before  his  departure  from 
Java,  has  announced  his  resolution  to  propose  the  commemoration  of  this 
conquest,  and  of  the  whole  efforts  of  valour  and  discipline  to  which  the 
country  owes  so  great  a  benefit,  by  medals,  to  be  distributed  to  the  troops, 
and  his  Lordship  had  the  gratification  of  finding  on  his  return  to  Bengal, 
that  his  wishes  had  been  anticipated,  and  that  the  measure  was  already  in 
progress  by  the  orders  of  His  Excellency  the  Vice-President  in  Council. — 
Fort  William,  nth  February  1812. 

>  Amongst  Lord  Minto's  followers  in  the  expedition  to  Java  was  the 
poet  Leyden,  who  caught  a  chill  after  the  British  troops  had  entered 
Batavia.  and  died  a  few  days  afterwards,  28th  August,  iSzi,  in  his  36th 
year.  His  sorrowing  friends,  Lord  Minto  and  Mr  Raffles,  followed  his 
remains  to  the  grave. 


welcome  of  children  and  family  friends,  his  thoughts  turned 
longingly  homewards,  where  his  wife  waited  for  him,  in 
redemption  of  a  pledge  given  when  they  parted  that  their 
reunion  should  take  place  at  Minto,  thenceforth  to  become 
the  abiding  home  of  their  remaining  years. 

Lord  Minto's  departure  from  London  had  been  fixed  for 
the  3rd  of  June,  but  on  the  28th  of  May  Lord  Auckland,  who 
had  gone  to  rest  in  perfect  health,  was  found  dead  in  his  bed. 
In  order  to  be  with  his  sister  in  her  overwhelming  grief,  and 
to  follow  his  brother-in-law  to  the  grave,  his  Lordship  had  at 
once  postponed  his  departure  for  Scotland.  Unhappily,  the 
funeral  was  arranged  to  take  place  at  night,  at  Beckenham, 
the  parish  in  which  the  home  of  the  bereaved  family  was 
situated.  A  cold  drizzling  rain  was  descending,  and  Lord 
Minto  caught  a  severe  chill.  His  longing,  however,  to  get 
home  was  too  strong  to  be  opposed  on  medical  grounds,  and 
he  set  out  on  his  journey  northward,  attended  by  a  doctor. 
He  grew  rapidly  worse,  and  sank  at  Stevenage,  the  first  stage 
of  his  journey  to  Scotland.^ 

It  fell  to  John  Elliot,  his  third  son,  who  had  accompanied 
his  father  from  India,  to  carry  down  the  mournful  and  almost 
incredible  tidings  to  the  country  alive  with  preparations  for 
his  reception.  In  the  town  of  Hawick  the  people  were  in 
readiness  to  draw  his  carriage  through  the  streets;  on  the 
hills  the  bonfires  were'  laid,  and  it  was  under  triumphal  arches 
that  the  message  of  death  was  borne  to  her  who  waited  at 

The  surviving  children  of  the  first  Earl  of  Minto  were  as 
follows : — 

I.  Anna-Maria,  married  in  1832  Lieut.-General  Sir  Rufane- 
Shaw  Donken,  K.C.B.,  G.C.H. 

II.  Harriet  Mary  Frances.     She  died  in  July,  1825. 

III.  Catherine  Sarah,  married  in  1825  Sir  John  Peter 
Boileau,  Bart. 

I.  Gilbert  Elliot,  who  succeeded  to  the  title. 

1 "  Life  and  Letters  of  Gilbert  Elliot.  Earl  of  Minto/'  vol.  iii..  p.  204. 


II.  George  Elliot,  born  1784,  entered  the  navy;  was  a 
lord  of  the  Admiralty,  and  was  for  his  distinguished  services 
created  a  K.C.B.  He  also  held  the  appointment  of  general 
of  the  Mint  in  Scotland.  He  married  in  1810,  and  had  a 
family  of  five  sons  and  four  daughters. 

III.  John  Edmond  Elliot,  M.P.,  born  in  1785,  went  to 
India  as  a  young  man  when  his  father.  Lord  Minto,  was 
Governor-General,  He  married  Amelia,  third  daughter  of 
James  Henry  Cassmaijor,  of  Madras.  Mr  Elliot  represented 
his  native  county  in  Parliament.  He  hunted  a  pack  of  his 
own  harriers  in  Roxburghshire,  and  when  he  gave  them  up, 
in  1844,  William  O.  Rutherfurd,  younger,  of  Edgerston,  fell 
heir  to  the  best  of  the  pack.  Mr  Elliot  was  a  heavy  weight, 
but  was  remarkable  as  a  very  straight  rider  to  hounds.  He 
was  a  thorough  spoc^sman  in  every  sense  of  the  word,  and  a 
popular  favourite  in  the  county.  He  died  in  1862,  his  eldest 
son,  Lieut.-Colonel  E.  J.  Elliot,  79th  Highlanders,  pre* 
deceased  him.  His  second  son,  William  Brownrigg,  is 
mentioned  later  on.  He  had  also  two  other  sons,  who  served 
in  India,  and  two  daughters. 

Gilbert  GILBERT  Elliot,  second  Earl  of  Minto,  eldest  surviving 

larrf^^'t^  son  of  the  first  earl  by  his  wife,  Anna  Maria,  daughter  of 

Sir  George  Amyand,  Bart.,  was  born  at  Lyons  on  i6th  No- 
vember, 1782.  He  was  educated  at  Edinburgh  University, 
and  was  afterwards  prepared  for  the  diplomatic  service. 
On  the  2Sth  of  August,  1806,  he  married  at  Lennel  House, 
Berwickshire,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Patrick  Brydone  of 
Coldstream,  and  the  same  year  he  was  elected  member  of 
parliament  for  Ashburton,  Devonshire,  which  he  continued 
to  represent  till  March,  18 14,  when,  on  the  death  of  his  father, 
he  took  his  seat  in  the  House  of  Lords.  He  had  allied  him- 
self with  the  whigs,  and  on  the  formation  of  Lord  Grey's 

Hon.  William  Elliot,  third  lieutenant  of  H.M.S.  '*  Fox/'  youngest  son 
of  the  Right  Hon.  Lord  Minto,  Governor-General  of  India,  died  on  his 
passage  from  Bengal  to  England,  on  the  5th  of  June,  181 1.—  Vidt  Edinburgh 
Evening  Courant. 


Ministry,  was  appointed  a  Privy  Councillor.  The  earl  went 
as  British  Ambassador  to  Berlin  in  August,  1832,  where  he 
remained  for  two  years.  His  tenure  of  office  had  been  satis- 
factory, but  uneventful,  and  his  Majesty  rewarded  him  upon 
his  return  with  the  distinction  of  the  Civil  Order  of  Grand 
Cross  of  the  Bath.  On  the  appointment  of  Lord  Auckland 
as  Govemor*General  of  India,  Lord  Minto  succeeded  to  his 
post  as  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty,  in  September,  1835,  ^^^ 
continued  to  preside  over  the  affairs  of  the  navy  till  the 
dissolution  of  Lord  Melbourne's  second  administration  in 
1841.  It  was  said  at  the  time,  that  his  period  of  office  was 
distinguished  by  the  outcry  raised  at  the  number  of  Elliots 
who  found  places  in  the  naval  service.^  In  Lord  John 
Russeirs  Cabinet  of  1846,  Minto  (whose  daughter  Russell 
had  married)  became  Lord  Privy  Seal.  In  the  following 
autumn  he  was  sent  on  a  mission  of  diplomacy  to  Italy,  to 
induce  Sardinia  and  Tuscany  to  assist  in  accomplishing  the 
reforms  proposed  by  Pius  IX.,  to  study  the  affairs  of  Italy 
in  general,  and  to  report  anything  of  importance  to  the  home 
Government.'  At  the  close  of  the  mission  the  Earl  of  Minto 
returned  to  his  Ministerial  duties  till  1852,  when  Lord  John 
Russell  resigned.  His  Lordship  now  retired  from  political 
life,  and  resided  at  Minto  House.  He  died,  after  a  long 
illness,  on  31st  July,  1859,  aged  76.  His  countess  pre- 
deceased him  ;  she  died  at  Nervi,  near  Genoa,  on  21st  July, 
1853.  He  was  a  Deputy- Lieutenant  for  Roxburghshire;  a 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  and  an  Elder  Brother  of  Trinity 
House.  In  1810,  when  the  Jedforest  Club  was  formed,  he, 
as  the  Hon.  Gilbert  Elliot,  took  an  active  part  in  its  organ- 
isation. He  continued  his  Club  membership  until  1834, 
when  all  the  whig  members  resigned. 

-^^^^  ^^^^^  «  ... 

1  Not  only  did  the  Elliots  fill  good  appointments  in  the  navy,  but  in  the 
East  India  Company's  service  the  very  name  of  Elliot  seemed  to  be  a 
talisman  to  preferment. 

<  At  Minto  House  are  the  colours  carried  at  Palermo  by  the  insurgents 
under  Garibaldi.  They  were  given  to  the  second  earl  when  on  his 


William  Hugh  Elliot-Murray  Kynynmound,  third  earl 
of  Minto,  K.T.,  succeeded  his  father  on  the  31st  July, 
1859.  He  was  born  on  the  19th  March,  1814.  In  1844  he 
married  his  cousin  Emma  Elinor  Elizabeth,  only  daughter 
of  General  Sir  Thomas  Hislop,  Bart.  As  a  liberal  he 
represented  Hythe  in  Parliament  from  1837  to  1841 ; 
•Greenock  from  1847  to  1852,  and  Clackmannanshire  from 
1857  to  1859,  in  which  latter  year  he  succeeded  to  the 
title.  He  was  a  deputy  -  lieutenant  for  Roxburghshire, 
and,  at  one  time,  held  the  office  of  chairman  to  the 
Board  of  Lunacy  Commissioners  for  Scotland.  He  was 
a  staunch  supporter  of  the  Established  Church  of  Scot- 
land. He  died  in  London  in  1891,  leaving  four  sons,  their 
names  being: — Gilbert  John,  his  successor  (Viscount 
Melgund);  Arthur  Ralph  Douglas,  born  17th  December, 
1846,  M.A.,  barrister-at-law ;  Hugh  Frederick  Hislop,  clerk 
in  House  of  Commons,  married,  with  issue;  and  William 
Fitz William,  born  1849,  lieutenant-colonel. 

Minto  House  was  originally  an  old  Border  tower,  which 
lias  been  added  to  at  various  periods.  In  the  present 
l)uilding,  the  lower  storey  is  all  that  can  be  historically 
traced.  During  1757  many  alterations  and  additions  took 
place,  and  in  1814  the  house  was  further  enlarged — in  fact 
one  half  of  the  house  was  added  to  the  older  portion.  Minto 
-is  full  of  objects  of  historical  interest,  such  as — letters  from 
Lord  Nelson  (some  unpublished)  and  from  Lady  Hamilton ; 
.a  sword  given  to  Lord  Minto  after  the  battle  of  St  Vincent, 
and  previously  alluded  to ;  a  portrait  of  Nelson  from  life  ;  a 
•double-headed  shot  fired  into  "the  Victory'*  at  St  Vincent, 
and  the  colours  of  one  of  the  Spanish  ships,  presented  to  Lord 

The  first  Lord  Minto  was  lieutenant  -  colonel  of  the 
I  St  battalion  of  the  Roxburghshire  volunteers  from  13  th 
September,  1803,  and  he  was  succeeded  by  his  son,  the  Hon. 
Gilbert  Elliot,  as  colonel  commandant  in  the  same  regiment 

^  The  Spanish  flag  at  present  cannot  be  found. 


when  it  was  transformed  into  the  ist  battalion  Roxburgh- 
shire militia.  The  old  colours  of  this  regiment  are  preserved 
at  Minto  House,  together  with  a  telegraph  code  for  signalling, 
in  view  of  the  invasion  then  expected. 

The  following  interesting  medals  are  among  the  heirlooms 
of  Minto : — a  gold  medal,  struck  by  the  order  of  the  King  of 
Sweden,  and  presented  to  Hugh  Elliot,  to  commemorate  his 
intervention  as  English  minister  when  the  combined  forces  of 
Russia  and  Denmark  threatened  Sweden;  gold  Seringa- 
patam  medal,  iv.  May,  MDCCXCIX ;  Sir  Thomas  Hislop's 
large  gold  medal  for  the  storming  of  Guadaloupe,  and  also 
a  medal  given  to  him  for  Mahidpoor — viz.,  a  small  piece 
■of  Indian  money  set  in  gold — obverse,  Mahidpoor,  21st 
December,  1817;  reverse,  Lieut.-General  Sir  Thomas 
Hislop,  Bart.,  Commander-in-Chief;  Boulton's  medal  to 
the  heroes  of  Trafalgar,  in  gold;  a  large  gold  medal  of 
Pius  IX.,  date,  1846;  coronation  medal  in  gold  of  King 
Stanislaus  of  Poland,  by  Pingo,  presented  to  Sir  Edmund 
Burke.  Three  hundred  of  these  were  struck  in  London 
for  presentation  to  the  nobility  who  were  present  at  the 
coronation  ceremony. 

Gilbert  John  Elliot,  fourth  earl  of  Minto,  was  born  Gilbert  John, 
on  the  9th  July,  1845.  He  married,  in  1883,  Mary,  Minto. 
•daughter  of  the  Hon.  Charles  Grey,  and  succeeded  his 
father  in  1891.  He  joined  the  Scots  Guards  in  1867,  but 
retired  three  years  later.  In  this  year  (1870)  he  visited 
Paris  with  his  two  younger  brothers,  and  saw  the  French 
troops  attack  the  Commune,  the  Germans  holding  the  lines 
north  of  Paris.  He  became  a  captain  in  the  volunteer 
force  in  1873,  and  subsequently  commandant  of  the  Border 
mounted  volunteers;  his  name  also  appears  as  captain  in 
the  army  reserve. 

During  the  Carlist  war  in  1875,  the  present  earl  acted 
as  correspondent  of  the  Morning  Post,  being  attached  to 
the  staff  of  General  Dorregarray.  From  this  time,  as  Lord 
Melgund,  he  led  a  life  full  of  adventure.   Wherever  war  broke 


out,  there  he  was  generally  to  be  found,  his  great  energy 
and  talents  invariably  enabling  him  to  obtain  good  appoint- 
ments. In  1877  war  was  declared  by  Russia  against 
Turkey.  In  the  following  month  (May)  SLjekadf  or  holy  war, 
against  Russia  was  proclaimed  by  the  Sheikh-ul-Islam. 
Lord  Melgund  proceeded  to  the  seat  of  war,  and  became 
attached,  as  assistant  military  secretary,  to  the  Turkish 
army  on  the  Danube,  and  was  present  at  the  bombardment 
of  Nicopolis  and  the  crossing  of  the  Danube.  With  a  small 
Turkish  guard  he  crossed  the  Balkans  by  a  parallel  pass  to 
General  Gourko,  who  had  crossed  the  day  before  (13th  July), 
He  joined  Raout  Pasha,  who  commanded  south  of  the 
Balkans,  and  met  Suleiman  Pasha  at  Adrianople,  on  his  way 
from  Montenegro  to  the  Schipka  passes.  Lord  Melgund, 
who  had  suffered  a  good  deal  from  fatigue  and  exposure,  was 
obliged  to  go  on  the  sick  list,  and  was  ordered  home. 

Early  in  the  spring  of  1879  he  was  again  on  the  "war- 
path," serving  as  a  volunteer  on  the  staff  of  Sir  F.  Roberts 
(now  Field-Marshal  Lord  Roberts),  in  the  Kuram  Valley, 
Afghanistan,  until  the  treaty  of  Gundamuck,  after  which  he 
returned  home. 

He  next  paid  a  flying  visit  to  South  Africa.  After  our 
defeat  at  Majuba  Hill  in  1881  and  the  death  of  General  Colley, 
Sir  F,  Roberts  was  ordered  out  to  succeed  him  at  a  few  days* 
notice,  and  he  took  Lord  Melgund  as  his  private  secretary. 
On  arriving  at  Cape  Town,  they  found  that  terms  had  been 
made  with  the  Boers,  and  accordingly  left  for  England  after 
only  one  day  ashore. 

In  1882,  a  political  crisis  in  Egypt  terminated  in  war.  A 
corps  of  mounted  infantry  was  organised  at  Alexandria, 
formed  of  volunteers  from  various  regiments.  This  useful 
body  of  men  did  excellent  service,  and  Lord  Melgund  was 
appointed  a  captain  in  the  corps,  from  the  reserve.  He  joined 
them  at  Alexandria,  and  was  wounded  on  the  24th  of  August 
in  the  action  of  Magfar,  near  Mahuta.  For  some  weeks  he 
was  in  hospital,  and  did  not  rejoin  until  the  day  after  Tel-el- 
Kebir,  when   he  was  given  the  command  of  the  mounted 


infantry  until  they  were  broken  up.  Lord  Melgund  was 
several  times  mentioned  in  dispatches,  and  at  the  close  of  the 
campaign  was  thanked  in  general  orders. 

After  serving  in  various  capacities  in  the  wars  of  Europe, 
Asia,  and  Africa,. he  turned  his  steps  towards  the  Far  West 
in  1883,  and  was  appointed  military  secretary  to  Lord  Lans- 
downe,  Governor-General  of  Canada.  In  the  autumn  of  1884 
he  was  offered  the  command  of  the  Canadian  voyageurs  for 
the  Soudan  campaign,  but  for  family  reasons  had  to  decline. 
But  the  raising  of  the  regiment  was  entrusted  entirely  to 
Lord  Melgund,  and  also  their  final  despatch  from  Montreal. 

It  was  during  Lord  Lansdowne's  administration  that  an 
insurrection  in  the  North- West  territories,  headed  by  Louis 
Riel,  took  place.  It  found  its  main  adherents  in  French 
half-breeds  and  Indians,  who  claimed  equal  rights  with  the 
rest  of  the  population.  Lord  Melgund  took  an  active  part  in 
the  suppression  of  this  rebellion.  He  was  appointed  lieut.- 
colonel  in  the  Canadian  militia,  and  was  present  at  the 
actions  of  Fish  Creek  and  Batoche  on  the  Saskatchewan 
river  under  General  Middleton.  On  the  evening  of  the  first 
day*s  fighting  at  Batoche,  Lord  Melgund  was  sent  with 
ofiicial  messages  to  a  telegraph  station  some  seventy  miles 
distant.  He  rode,  with  two  scouts,  through  the  night,  and 
reached  his  destination  at  7  a.m.  next  morning.  Riel  was 
captured  three  days  afterwards,  and  the  campaign  closed. 

In  1889,  Lord  Melgund  was  appointed  brigadier-general 
commanding  the  Scottish  Border  Volunteer  Brigade.  For 
his  various  services,  his  Lordship  has  received  the  following 
decorations: — The  Afghan  medal,  Egyptian  medal  1882  and 
Khedive's  star,  4th  class  Turkish  Medjidie,  North- West 
Canada  1885  medal,  with  a  clasp  for  Saskatchewan,  and  the 
volunteer  decoration.^ 

1  Since  writiog  the  above  memoir,  the  Earl  of  Minto  has  been  appointed 
Governor-General  of  Canada.  Hawick,  to  mark  their  approbation  and  to 
do  honour  to  his  Lordship,  have  presented  him  with  the  freedom  of  the 
burgh.  Roxburghshire  will  be  sorry  to  lose  him  even  for  a  few  years, 
and  among  the  many  who  will  regret  his  absence  are  the  members  of  the 
Jedforest  Club. 



W.  B.  Elliot.       William  Brownrigg  Elliot  is  the  eldest  surviving  son 
of  Benng. 

of  the  Hon.  John  £.  Elliot,  M.P.     He  was  born  in  1820,  and 

married,  in  1858,  Mary,  daughter  of  J.  M'Carty,  of  Carrig- 
navar,  county  of  Cork,  and  widow  of  T.  C.  Morton,  bar- 
rister. Middle  Temple,  1853.  Mr  Elliot  is  a  justice  of  the 
peace  for  the  county  of  Roxburgh,  and  resides  at  Benrig, 
near  St  Boswells.  On  the  5th  of  October,  1875,  his  name 
appears  as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  The  eldest  son 
of  Mr  Elliot  is  William  Gerald,  born  November  9th,  1858. 


This  branch  is  descended  from  Elliot  of  Binks. 

Simeon  Elliot,  first  of  Harwood,  was  alive  in  1643.^ 

William  Elliot  of  Harwood,  son  of  Simeon,  married,  in 
1659,  Christina  Greenlaw,  and  left  his  estate  to  his  second 
son,  Henry. 

Henry  Elliot  of  Harwood  married  Mary,  daughter  of 
John  Scott  of  Dryhope,  and  left,  with  other  children,  a  sOn 
William,  also  a  daughter  Elizabeth,  who  married  Robert, 
eldest  son  of  Gavin  Elliot  of  Middlehem  Mill. 

William  Elliot  of  Harwood  succeeded  his  father,  and  left 
ten  children.  He  married,  in  1699,  Jane,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Scott  of  Todrick.  Henry,  who  was  the  eldest  son, 
succeeded.  Thomas  and  John  died  young.  The  fourth  son, 
Robert,  married,  on  January  13th,  1766,  Elizabeth,  youngest 
daughter  of  Robert  Pringle  of  Clifton,  and  died  at 
Hobsbum,  Rulewater,  in  August  1782,  aged  60.  His  widow 
survived  him  for  many  years,  dying  at  Jedburgh,  at  the  age 
of  88,  in  1820.   They  had  a  son,  William — of  whom  presently. 

1  Harwood  or  Harrot-on-Rule  appears  to  have  been  possessed  by 
Edward  Lorran  or  Lorain  in  1564.  It  is  conjectured  that  the  estate  came 
into  his  possession  through  his  marriage  with  a  Lady  Margaret  Tumbull, 
who.  at  that  period,  was  the  owner  of  Harwood  and  Appotside.  The 
Tumbull  clan  were  very  Indignant  at  this  marriage,  and  to  show  their 
resentment  to  the  alliance,  laid  waste  the  whole  estate.  In  a  deed  dated 
1589.  Edward  Lorran  of  Harwood  and  John  Tumbull  of  Minto  became 
cautioners  for  Hobbie  Elliot,  called  Vicars  Hobb.  This  information  was 
given  me  by  Mr  Walter  Deans,  Hobkirk. 


Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Elliot  of  Harrot, 
married  William  Scott  of  Milsington.  In  i73i>  Jean  was 
married  to  William  Elliot  of  Tarras  and  Larriston,  and 
Mary  was  married  to  John  Scott  of  Weens,  about  1727. 
Three  daughters  of  William  Elliot  —  Margaret,  Christian, 
and  Janet — died  unmarried. 

Hecry  Elliot  of  Harwood  was  born  in  1700.  He  resided 
on  his  estate,  and  was  very  popular  and  highly  respected  in 
the  parish.  During  his  latter  years  he  had  the  misfortune 
to  become  blind  and  deaf,  but  even  these  deprivations  did 
not  prevent  him  taking  an  interest  in  local  matters.  For 
many  years  he  was  led  about  by  a  person  of  his  own  name, 
who  lived  at  a  cottage  called  Hasliehirst,  on  the  farm  of 
Stonedge.  He  was  known  by  the  name  of  *'  Blind  Harrot," 
and  died  unmarried,  in  October  1784,  at  the  age  of  84  years. 
His  nephew  William  succeeded  him. 

William    Elliot    of    Harwood,  eldest  son    of    Robert  William 
Elliot,   by  Elizabeth   Pringle  his  wife,  was  born  on  25th  ^Jjjd!°^^"' 
November,  1766.      He  married,  in    1804,   Eleanor,   second 
daughter  of  John  Rutherford  of  Mossbumford,  and  had  two 
sons — Robert,  who  succeeded,  and  John — and  one  daughter, 

John  Elliot  was  born  at  Hundalee  in  1809;  married,  in 
1839,  Jane,  daughter  of  Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward; 
he  died  in  1881.  By  his  marriage  there  were  three  children, 
a  son  and  two  daughters.  The  only  survivor  is  Elizabeth, 
^ho  resides  at  Bournemouth. 

Major  Elliot,  although  not  an  officer  of  the  regular  army, 
saw  some  active  service  in  Ireland,  with  the  Roxburghshire 
fencibles,  in  1798,  both  against  the  French  and  the  Irish 
rebels.  He  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major  in  the  corps, 
in  1800.  Soon  after  this,  his  regiment  was  disbanded,  and  in 
1802,  he  was  offered,  and  accepted  the  rank  of  captain 
commandant     of    the     western     troop    of    Roxburghshire 

1  Eleanor  married  John  Paton  of  Crailing. 


yeomanry.  This  troop  under  the  leadership  of  Captain 
Elliot  became  most  popular,  many  gentlemen  serving  in  the 
ranks.  When  the  false  alarm  was  given  by  the  beacons 
being  lighted,  the  troop  turned  out  to  a  man,  and  marched 
through  the  night  to  Dalkeith,  the  appointed  place  of 
meeting.  Amongst  the  sergeants  of  the  troop  were,  Peter 
Brown  of  Rawflat,  and  John  Riddell,  brother  of  the  laird  of 
Muselee — both  original  members  of  the  Club.  In  the  rank 
and  file  we  find  Thomas  Stavert  of  Hoscote,  Thomas  Scott, 
younger,  of  Peel,  also  members  of  the  Club,  and  Mark  Elliot, 
brother  of  the  captain.  Mark  was  a  curious  character,  well 
known  by  every  one  in  the  county.  When  a  very  young 
man  he  had  served  in  the  royal  marines  as  a  private  soldier, 
and  was  present  at  the  mutiny  of  the  Nore.  Latterly,  he 
farmed  Lanton,  above  Jedburgh,  and  was  a  constant  guest 
at  the  Jedforest  dinners,  being  a  general  favourite.  There 
is  a  well-painted  portrait  of  him  at  Clifton  Park,  near  Kelso. 
The  following  list  of  the  members  of  the  western  troop  is 
copied  from  one  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Thomas  Ogilvie 
of  Chesters,  whose  father  was  the  lieutenant  of  the  troop : — 

Captain  William  Elliot,  Lieutenants  William  Oliver,^  and 
Will  Ogilvie ;  Sergeants  Peter  Brown,  John  Riddell,  Thomas 
Thomson ;  Corporals  James  Grieve,*  Walter  Riddell, 
Thomas  Elliot;"  Privates  John  Amos,  John  Armstrong, 
Andrew  Blaikie,  Andrew  Bruce,  John  Buckham,  Will  Bell, 
John  Blacklock,  Will.  Brown,  Robert  Chisholm,  John  Caver- 
hill,  Arch.  Dixon,  Arch.  Dixon  2nd,  Jas.  Elliot,  Mark 
Elliot,  Walter  Grieve,  George  Grieve,  Arch.  Hills,  Andrew 
Hall,  James  Heron,  Patrick  Jaffrie,  Ebenezer  Knox,  James 
Laing,  John  Lockie,  James  Murray,  Thomas  Oliver,  George 
Preston,  Andrew  Potts,  John  Robson,  John  Ren  wick,  Walter 
Rutherfurd,*  John  Rutherford,*  James  Scott,  Thomas  Scott, 

1  Vide  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre. 

>  James  Grieve,  of  Branxholm  Braes ;  this  gentleman  was  afterwards 
captain  in  the  ist  regiment  of  local  militia. 
B  Thomas  Elliot.  Kimdean. 
*  Waiter  Rutherford,  saddler. 
^  John  Rutherford,  Millheugh. 


Arch.  Scott,  Will.  Scott,  Robert  Scott,  Chas.  Scott,  Thomas 
Stavert,  Andrew  Thomson,  James  Thomson,  Adam  Turn- 
bull,  Thomas  Tumbull,  John  Scott,  George  Duglass. — ^July, 

Major  Elliot,  which  rank,  by  courtesy,  he  still  retained, 
lived  for  several  years  at  Hundalee,  where  most  of  his  children 
were  born.  He  joined  the  Club  in  January,  1812,  and  took  a 
leading  part  in  its  management.  In  the  year  1819,  when 
reform  riots  took  place  in  several  of  the  large  towns,  a  meet- 
ing of  the  lieutenancy  of  Roxburghshire  took  place  at 
Jedburgh.  The  vice-lieutenant  laid  before  them  a  loyal  dec- 
laration from  the  inhabitants  of  Melrose  and  its  neighbour- 
hood, offering  their  services  within  the  county.  A  similar 
offer  came  from  the  town  of  Kelso,  with  this  addition,  that 
fifty  active,  steady  young  men  were  ready  to  form  themselves 
into  a  company  of  volunteer  infantry  in  aid  of  the  civil 
power.  Although  no  specific  offer  was  made  from  Jedburgh 
and  Hawick,  it  was  stated  by  several  deputy-lieutenants 
present  that  the  inhabitants  of  these  districts  were  equally 
willing  and  ready  to  come  forward,  if  their  services  were 
required.  Sir  John  Pringle  of  Stichill  and  Major  William 
Elliot  of  Harwood  very  handsomely  offered  to  raise  an 
additional  troop  of  yeomanry  cavalry,  to  be  commanded  by 
Major  Elliot,  who,  although  well  up  in  years,  cheerfully  again 
offered  his  services  and  experience  to  his  country.  Major 
Elliot  towards  the  close  of  his  life  lived  at  the  Brae,  Jed- 
burgh (now  the  residence  of  the  clergyman  of  the  English 
church),  and  here  be  died  on  the  morning  of  the  8th  of 
October,  1835,  and  was  interred  in  the  old  family  burial 
ground  in  Hobkirk  churchyard.  Before  his  death,  a  new 
house  at  Harwood  had  been  planned  and  completed,  but  it 
fell  to  his  eldest  son,  Robert  Kerr  Elliot,  to  occupy  it,  on  the 
22nd  of  October,  1835,  a  few  days  after  his  father's  death. 

Robert  Kerr  Elliot,  of  Harwood,  was  born  in  1805.  r.  k.  Elliot 
He  entered  the  army  as  second  lieutenant  in  the  23rd  Royal  and^aifto^ 
Welsh  Fusileers,  in  April,  1825,  and  was  promoted  to  be  first 


lieutenant  in  August,  1826.  He  married,  in  1833,  Mary 
Anne,  daughter  of  Charles  Claude  Clifton  of  Twymaur, 
county  of  Brecon,  and  the  same  year  he  retired  on  half-pay 
of  the  98th  Foot.  When  he  succeeded  his  father  in  1835,  he 
sold  his  half-pay  and  severed  his  connexion  with  the  army. 
Previous  to  his  succession  to  Harwood,  Mr  Elliot  and  his 
family  occupied  Greenriver  house,  aiid  there  his  eldest  son 
was  born. 

In  the  year  1845,  upon  the  death  of  his  cousin,  Robert 
Pringle  of  Clifton  and  Raining,  he  succeeded  to  the  estate  of 
Clifton,  and  built  the  mansion-house  there.  In  1873,  while 
residing  at  Brighton,  where  he  had  frequently  passed  the 
winter  season  since  1855,  he  met  with  an  accident  in  the 
hunting  field,  from  which  he  never  recovered,  and  died  there, 
aged  68.  He  was  buried  at  Hobkirk,  beside  his  wife,  who 
had  predeceased  him  by  eighteen  months.  They  had  thir- 
teen children: — 

William  Claude  Elliot,  now  of  Harwood,  married  Bertha 
Eliza  Blackman,  who  died  in  1895,  ^^^  ^^^^  ^^  issue. 

Charles  John,  born  1836,  East  India  Company*s  service, 
died  1863. 

Robert  Henry  Elliot  of  Clifton  Park,  bom  1837,  married, 
in  1868,  the  Honourable  Anna  Maria  Louisa  Barnewall,  only 
child  of  Thomas,  sixteenth  Lord  Trimleston,  and  has  a  son, 
Thomas  Robert  Barnewall,  born  1871. 

Chandos  Frederick,  born  1842,  died  1862. 

Edward  Cludde,  born  1846,  married,  in  1882,  Eleanor, 
daughter  of  John  Jones. 

Mark  Pringle,  born  1851. 

The  eldest  daughter,  Mary  Anne  Frances,  married  Sir 
E.  C.  Cockburn,  Bart. 

Ellen  Eliza,  married,  in  1871,  Chetwode  Drummond 

Adelaide  Catherine,  married,  in  1877,  Sir  Basil  F.  Hall, 
Bart.,  of  Dunglass. 

Anna  Maria  Octavia,  bom  1844,  died  the  same  year. 

Caroline  Clifton,  married,  in  1869,  James  Moffat. 


Charlotte  Elizabeth,  married,  in  1871,  John  Dalton  of 
Sleningford  Park,  Yorkshire,  and  Fillingham  Castle,  Lincoln* 

Anna  Maria,  married,  in  1876,  Colonel  Colquhoun,  of  the 
family  of  Luss. 

Mr  Elliot  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1829,  and  after  he 

retired  from  the  Royal  Welsh  Fusileers  became  a  regular 

attendant  at  all  its  meetings.      In  1868,  when  the  rules  of 

the  Club  were  revised  and  altered,  and  many  improvements 

made  in  its  administration,  Mr  Elliot  was  appointed,  with 

two  others,  to  the  committee  of  management — the  sheriff  of 

the  county  being  president.     This  post  he  held  until  his 

death,  when,  to  mark  the  sorrow  and  regret  the  members  of 

the  Club  felt  at  the  loss  they  had  sustained,  the  following 

tribute  to    his  memory  appeared    in  the    minutes  of   the 

Club  :— 

"  Jbdburgh,  yd  June,  1873. 

"Before  proceeding  to  business,  the  members  desire  to  record  their 

deep  sympathy  in  the  melancholy  death  of  Robert  Kerr  Elliot  of  Clifton 

and  Harwood.  which  took  place  at  Brighton  in  the  month  of  February 

last.     Mr  Elliot  was  one  of  the  oldest  members   of  the   Club,  and 

universally  respected  and  esteemed  by  all  who  knew  him.    The  members 

of  the  Jedforest  Club  desire  to  express  their  sympathy  with  his  family  in 

their  bereavement." 

Mr  Elliot  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  a  deputy- 
lieutenant  for  Roxburghshire.  He  was  a  conservative  of 
the  old  type,  and  a  good  specimen  of  a  Border  laird. 

Robert,  second  son  of  Robert  Elliot  of  Harwood,  by  vice-Admiral 
Elizabeth,  his  wife,  sister  of  Robert  Pringle  of  Clifton,  was  Robert  Elliot, 
born  in  October,  1767,  at  Hobsbum  (now  Greenriver).  He 
entered  the  navy  in  July  1781,  on  board  the  "Dunkirk" 
(Capt.  Millingan),  bearing  the  flag  of  Admiral  Milbanke, 
at  Plymouth.  On  13th  July  17931  he  was  promoted  to  a 
lieutenancy  in  the  "  Savage "  (Capt.  Wentworth),  and  after 
two  years*  service  in  this  sloop,  became  first  lieutenant  of  the 
"Greyhound**  (32  guns).  In  December,  1796,  he  obtained 
command  of  the  ^'  Plymouth,**  a  hired  armed  lugger,  and 
in   March,    i797»   succeeded  in   capturing  the  *^  Spervier,*' 


carrying  4  guns,  3  swivels,  and  29  men,  and  ''L'Amiti6/' 
of  14  guns,  and  55  men,  and  in  consequence  was  officially 
reported  for  his  activity  and  successful  exertions.  He  was 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  commander  in  February,  1801. 
Capt.  Elliot  was  subsequently  employed  in  Egypt,  and 
received  the  Sultan's  gold  medal  for  his  services,  and  also 
survived  to  receive  the  naval  war  medal  with  clasp  for 
Egypt,  which  was  issued  in  1850.  He  was  commissioned  in 
April,  1804,  to  the  "  Lucifer  Bomb,"  and  proceeded  to  the 
Mediterranean.  After  entering  the  Dardanelles,  he  was 
employed  off  the  Island  of  Prota,  where  he  assisted  (27th 
February,  1807)  in  covering  the  advance,  previous  to  an 
attack  upon  the  enemy,  whose  retreat  he  was  ordered  to 
intercept  with  the  launches  of  the  squadron.  In  June,  1808, 
he  was  advanced  to  post  rank.  His  last  employment,  dated 
October  2otb,  1813,  was  in  the  *' Surveillante  "  (38  guns), 
in  which  frigate  he  served  off  the  north  coast  of  Spain.  He 
went  on  half-pay  in  March,  1814;  obtained  the  captain's 
good  service  pension  in  1842,  and  was  admitted  to  the  out- 
pension  of  Greenwich  Hospital  in  July,  1844.  His  promotion 
to  flag  rank  took  place  on  the  9th  November,  1846. 

Vice-Admiral  Elliot  was  for  some  years  before  his  death 
perfectly  blind — a  misfortune  partly  attributable  to  his  ser- 
vices in  Egypt.  He  married  Ann,  daughter  of  Andrew 
Hilley,  of  Plymouth,  by  whom  he  had  one  son,  and  two 
daughters.^  He  resided  at  Hundalee  cottage,  and  latterly 
at  Glenbank,  where  he  died  in  1854.  ^^  became  a  member 
of  the  Club  in  1814,  when,  as  a  post -captain,  he  retired  on 
half-pay.    He  left  an  only  son, 

Capt.  Robert        ROBERT   HiLLEY   Elliot,  bom  in  Jedburgh,   i8th   July, 

HiUey  Elliot,   jg^^^     jj^  entered  the  navy  on  the  15th  November,  i8i8, 

as  first-class  volunteer  on  board  the   "Liffey"   (50  guns, 

Captain  the  Hon.  Henry  Duncan).      In    182 1,  be   became 

1  Elizabeth  Pringle  Elliot,  daughter  of  the  admiral,  bom  in  1801 .  died 
in  1847  '•  his  other  daughter  married  John  Paton  of  Crailing,  as  his  second 
wife,  and  lived  to  an  extreme  old  age. 


midshipman  in  the  ''Doris"  (42  guns,  Capt.  Thomas 
Graham),  and  after  passing  his  examination,  became  suc- 
cessively mate  of  the  "  Victory  "  (104  guns),  and  "  Barham  " 
(50  guns),  flagships  at  Portsmouth.  He  proceeded  to  the 
West  Indies  and  joined  the  "  Nimble "  schooner,  under 
Lieut.-Commander  Fleming.  He  had  an  opportunity  of 
distinguishing  himself  on  the  19th  December,  1827,  in  the 
capture  of  the  "Guerrero"  slaver,  of  superior  force;  and 
for  this,  Mr  Elliot  was  promoted  to  a  lieutenancy  in  the 
"Valorous"  (20  guns,  Capt.  the  Earl  of  Huntingdon),  the 
date  of  his  commission  being  the  3rd  of  February,  1828. 
With  this  ship  he  returned  home  in  the  following  September, 
and  he  appears,  in  1829,  in  the  list  of  members  of  the 
Jedforest  Club.  Soon  afterwards,  he  was  employed  on  the 
Lisbon  and  Mediterranean  stations.  Lieut.  Elliot  was 
appointed  on  the  ist  of  January,  1839,  to  the  "Powerful" 
(84  guns.  Captain  Charles  Napier),  in  which  he  served 
throughout  the  Syrian  war,  and  was  present  at  the  fall  of 
Acre.  He  was  advanced  to  the  rank  of  commander  on  the 
4th  November,  1840,  and  in  1844  was  appointed  an 
inspecting  commander  in  the  coast  guard.  Captain  Elliot 
married  Elizabeth  Carr.  He  retained  his  appointment  on 
the  coast  guard  until  he  died.  He  received  the  Sultan*s 
medal  in  silver,  and  in  the  year  1848  also  became  entitled 
to  the  naval  war  medal,  with  a  clasp  for  Syria,  issued  by 
order  of  her  Majesty. 

Henry  Elliot  was  a  son  of  Robert  Elliot  of  Harwood,  by  Gereral 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Robert  Pringle  of  Clifton.  He  was  H«^^^^"^°* 
born  in  1769,  and  entered  the  army  as  an  ensign  in  the 
70th  Regiment,  in  which  corps  he  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  lieutenant  in  1789.  He  sailed  in  1793,  with  the 
expedition  from  Ireland,  under  the  command  of  Sir  Charles 
Gray,  against  the' French  colonies  in  the  West  Indies,  and 
served  with  the  3rd  battalion  of  Grenadiers  in  the  reduction 
of  those  colonies.  Vacancies  occurring  through  death  dur- 
ing this  active  campaign,  Lieut.  Elliot  was  promoted  to  a 


company  in  the  70th  Regiment-  in  1794,  and  in  1799  he 
obtained  a  majority  in  that  corps.  Six  years  afterwards  he 
received  the  brevet  of  lieu t. -colonel  in  the  army.  He  got  the 
command  of  the  3rd  battalion  60th  Regiment,  with  which 
he  was  present  at  the  capture  of  the  Danish  colonies.  On 
this  occasion  the  inhabitants  eulogised  his  conduct  and  the 
discipline  which  the  battalion  evinced  under  his  command. 

On  the  25th  of  November,  1808,  Lieut.-Colonel  Elliot 
was  appointed  to  the  96th  Regiment,  then  at  St  Croix, 
and  received  in  brigade  general  orders  the  thanks  of  the 
Government  for  his  attention  to  the  discipline  and  welfare 
of  that  corps.  In  1810,  he  assumed  the  command  of  the 
2nd  battalion  of  the  96th,  and  continued  with  it  till  its 
reduction.  On  this  occasion  the  officers  of  his  regiment 
manifested  their  sincere  regret  at  parting  with  their  com- 
manding officer,  and,  as  a  mark  of  their  respect  and  esteem, 
presented  him  with  a  handsome  cup. 

The  following  letters  show  the  high  regard  in  which  Col. 
Elliot  was  held,  and  his  appreciation  of  the  honour  done 
him  by  the  officers  of  his  regiment : — 

Jersey,  Gronville  Barracks,  Oct.  24,  1814. 

Sir, — In  the  name  and  on  the  behalf  of  the  officers  comprising  the  mess 
of  the  and  battalion  96th  Regiment,  we  have  the  honour  to  enclose  a  copy 
of  the  resolutions  entered  into  at  a  full  meeting  in  the  officers*  mess-room| 
at  Gronville  Barracks,  on  the  23rd  inst.,  and  which  we  hope  will  meet  your 
entire  approbation.  The  resolutions  therein  contained  will  be  carried  into 
effect  with  all  possible  dispatch. 

The  officers  of  the  mess  of  this  battalion,  impressed  with  a  deep  sense  of 
respect  and  gratitude  for  your  kindness  and  attention  to  their  welfare  and 
interest  during  a  period  of  five  years  that  you  have  had  the  command, 
have  unanimously  voted  you  a  silver-gilt  cup.  with  an  appropriate  inscrip- 
tion, as  a  lasting  testimony  of  their  most  sincere  esteem  and  regard. 

If,  in  soliciting  on  behalf  of  the  officers  of  this  mess  your  acceptance  of 
this  small  token,  we  have  anything  to  regret,  it  is  the  inefficiency  of  words 
to  convey  a  sense  of  the  affection  and  attachment  your  kindness  to  them 
has  so  well  merited,  and  which  was  conspicuous  in  every  individual  at  the 
meeting  in  question. 

We  have  also  to  solicit  that  you  will  have  the  goodness  to  favour  us 
with  an  impression  of  your  coat-of-arms,  that  the  same  may  be  engraved 
on  the  cup  voted  you. 


We  have  the  honour  to  be.  Sir.  with  highest  r^ard  and  esteem. 
Your  most  obedient,  humble  servants. 

Jambs  Spawfortm.  Major.  96th. 
John  F.  Gell,  Capt. 
Phil.  Jban,  Paymaster.  2nd  Batt.  96th. 
To  Col.  Henry  Elliot,  commanding  2nd  Batt.  96th  Foot. 

Jersey.  Gronville  Barracks,  25th  October.  1814. 
Gentlemen, — In  return  for  the  very  honourable  memorial  of  your 
esteem,  to  which  your  voluntary  sentiments  of  attachment  give  imperish- 
able value.  I  feel  most  anxious  to  convey  my  most  unfeigned  acknowledg- 
ments. If  I  was  not  deeply  impressed  that  the  sincerity  of  my  feelings  is 
beyond  the  warmest  language  to  express,  it  would  be  my  effort  to  convince 
how  much  I  esteem  that  affection  with  which  you  so  kindly  honour  me. 
but  I  feel  assured  that  my  silence  proves  its  truth.  The  event  of  my  pro- 
motion to  the  rank  of  major-general.  I  may  reasonably  hope,  cannot  be 
far  distant,  and  however  happy  I  may  feel  on  arriving  at  that  rank,  yet 
as  it  removes  me  from  the  96th  Regiment,  it  will  prove  a  pleasure  mingled 
with  concern :  but  should  my  King  and  country  again  have  occasion  for 
my  services,  Hope  might  bestow  a  charm  in  obeying  the  sacred  call. 
Again  to  have  the  96th  Regiment  placed  under  my  command,  would 
crown  my  wishes  and  would  leave  me  nothing  to  desire.  In  sending  you 
the  impression  of  my  coat-of-arms.  permit  me.  Gentlemen,  to  assure  you 
that  I  consider  my  inheritance  most  proudly  honoured,  and  memory  will 
have  a  fresh  reason  to  regard  their  depictment  with  affection  and  esteem. 
I  have  the  honour  to  be^    .    .     . 

H.  Elliot.  Colonel, 

Lieut.-Col..  96th  Regt. 

To  Lieut.-Col.  Spawforth  and  the  Officers  of  the  Mess. 

2nd  Batt.  96th  Regt. 

Col.  Elliot  embarked  with  the  96th  for  Martinique  at  the 
close  of  1815.  Some  time  after  this  he  retired  from  the 
service,  and  settled  dowQ  at  Rosebank,  near  Kelso,  and 
died  in  1841.  He  joined  the  Jedforest  Club,  and  made 
himself  conspicuous  at  the  eventful  dinner  in  1834,  when  in 
his  position  as  chairman,  in  the  absence  of  the  Duke  of 
Buccleuch,  he  refused  to  propose  the  usual  toast : — ''  the 
Member  of  Parliament  for  the  County."  The  result  of  this 
was,  all  the  whig  members  retired  from  the  Club  in  a  body. 
He  married  Janet,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Dr  Somerville  of 

The  silver-gilt  cup  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  great-nephew,  Robert 
Elliot  of  Clifton. 



W.  Elliot  of 


Elliot  in  Oakwood,  who  claims  descent  from  the  family  of 
Larriston,  is  the  ancestor  of  the  Elliots  of  Borthwickbrae  ^ 
(vide  Elliot  of  Wolfelee). 

William  Elliot,  who  acquired  Bewlie,  purchased  the  estate 
of  Borthwickbrae,  in  1695.  ^^^  ^°>  William  Elliot  of 
Borthwickbrae,  was  born  in  1689,  and  married,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  John  Scott  of  Sinton,  and  was  father  of  John 
Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae — born  in  1711,  married,  first,  1753, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Alexander  Murray  of  Cringletie;  and 
in  1764,  he  married,  secondly,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Walter 
Laing,  by  whom  he  left  issue.  This  lady  was  heiress  to 
Meikledale,  in  Dumfriesshire;  Flex,  Old  Melrose,  and 
Burnfoot,  on  Alewater,  in.  Roxburghshire, 

William  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae,  born  on  the  30th 
November,  1764,  married  in  1792,  Marianne,  only  child  of 
Allan  Lockhart  of  Cleghornt  Lanarkshire,  and  his  wife, 
Jean  Bertram.  On  the  death  of  the  said  Allan  Lockhart, 
William  Elliot  assumed  the  additional  surname  of  Lockhart. 
William  Elliot  was  appointed  lieut. -colonel  of  the  Roxburgh 
and  Selkirk  regiment  of  fencible  cavalry,  commanded  by 
Sir  John  Scott  of  Ancrum.  His  king*s  commission  is  dated 
2 1  St  April,  1795. 

Elliot  served  with  the  regiment  in  Ireland,  in  1798.  Being 
at  Castlebar  with  a  squadron,  he  took  part  in  the  short 
campaign  following  on  the  landing  at  Killala  bay  of  the 
French  under  General  Humbert,  and  was  present  with  a 
detachment  of  his  regiment  in  the  action  with  the  French  on 
their  approach  to  Killala.  There  is  a  family  tradition  that 
on  this  occasion  his  life  was  saved  by  his  charger  having 

^  The  various  known  owners  of  Borthwickbrae  were  Sir  William 
Borthwick,  in  1500,  from  whom  the  name  probably  originated ;  William 
Porteous  in  1573,  Robert  Elliot  in  1586,  Robert  Scott  in  1643.  In  1792, 
John  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae  died  at  Orchard  in  the  eighty^second  year 
of  his  age.  Elizabeth  Elliot,  daughter  of  William  Elliot  of  Borthwick- 
brae, and  his  wife,  Margaret  Scott,  of  Sinton,  died  at  Hawick,  in  1809,  in 
the  ninety-third  year  of  her  age. 


thrown  up  his  head  at  a  critical  moment,,  and  received  a  shot 
in  its  nostril,  which  would  otherwise  have  hit  his  master.^ 

Lieut  .-Colonel  Elliot  was  also  engaged  under  Lieut.- 
General  Lake,  with  the  Irish  rebels  and  the  French  at 
Ballinamuck,  on  the  8th  of  September,  1798.  His  regiment 
is  described  in  dispatches  as  the  '*  Roxburgh  Fencible  Dra- 
goons," and  it  is  further  stated  that  the  conduct  of  the  cavalry 
was  highly  conspicuous.  A  few  years  afterwards,  when  the 
fencible  cavalry  was  abolished,  Lieut. -Colonel  Elliot  was 
appointed  major  commandant  of  the  '*  Roxburgh  Gentlemen 
and  Yeomanry  Cavalry,'*  and  his  king's  commission  is  dated 
9th  July,  1802.  When  the  lighting  of  the  beacons  took 
place  in  January,  1804,  he  turned  out  in  command  of  his 
regiment.  In  that  year,  and  presumably  as  a  memento  of 
the  manner  in  which  the  regiment  answered  the  summons, 
when  called  upon  for  their  country's  defence.  Colonel  Elliot 
was  presented  with  a  handsome  silver  cup  of  classical  design 
and  beautiful  workmanship,  with  the  following  inscription — 
*' Presented  by  the  non-commissioned  officers  and  privates 
of  the  Roxburghshire  Yeomanry  Light  Dragoons  to  William 
Elliot,  Esq.  of  Borthwickbrae,  their  major  commandant, 

On  the  25th  of  February,  1801,  he  was  appointed  by  king's 
commission  major  of  the  3rd  or  Lanarkshire  regiment  of 
militia,  and  as  such  received  the  freedom  of  the  burgh  of 
Musselburgh,  on  the  28th  of  August,  1801,  and  of  Linlithgow, 
on  the  26th  of  April,  1802.  From  major  commandant 
he  was,  by  the  lord  lieutenant  (Lord  Lothian)  appointed 
lieut.-colonel  of  the  Roxburghshire  yeomanry  cavalry,  the 
date  of  his  commission  being  31st  of  March,  1821.*  In  1828, 
he  received  another  presentation  in  the  form  of  a  large  and 
handsome  silver  tray,  with  the  following  inscription — 
'*  Presented  by  the  officers,  non-commissioned  officers  and 

1  This  favourite  old  horse  died  at  Cleghom.  and  an  oak  tree  marks  its 

s  In  1825,  Lieat.-Colonel  ElUot-Lockhart  lost  his  youngest  son,  Gilbert, 
on  board  H.M.S.  "  Diamond,"  on  the  9th  of  January. 


privates  of  the  Roxburghshire  yeomanry  cavalry  to  Lieut.- 
Colonel  Eliot t-Lockhart,  M.P.,  commandant,  in  testimony 
of  their  high  respect  and  sincere  esteem  for  him  as  an  officer 
and  a  gentleman,  of  his  kind  individual  friendships,  and 
luniform  zealous  attention  to  the  discipline  and  welfare  of 
the  regiment  during  the  period  of  twenty-five  years.    A.D. 

He  was  member  of  parliament  for  the  county  of  Selkirk  for 
twenty-four  years  (1806  to  1830),  and  died  at  Cleghorn  on  6th 
August,  1832.  His  eldest  son,  John,  bom  in  1796,  was  a 
•cornet  in  the  12th  Light  Dragoons,  and  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Waterloo  in  1815.  Col.  Eliott-Lockhart  was  pro- 
posed for  the  Jedforest  Club  by  Sir  John  Scott,  Bart.,  at  one 
time  his  commanding  officer,  and  being  seconded  by  Col. 
Erskine  of  Shielfield,  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  Club  on 
the  29th  of  July,  1812. 

Lockhart  is  an  ancient  family  in  the  parish  of  Lanark.     A 
•charter  was  granted  by  James  IV.  to  Sir  Stephen  Lockhart 
of  Cleghorn,  of  the  lands  of  that  name.     His  son  Allan  was 
father  of  Alexander  Lockhart,  who  was  infeft  in  the  barony  of 
Cleghorn  and  the  lands  of  Crugfoot  in   1533.     Alexander's 
son,  Allan  Lockhart,  was  seised  in   these  lands  in    1582. 
Prom  him  is  descended  Allan  Lockhart  of  Cleghorn,  whose 
only  child,  Marianne,  married,  in   1792,  William   Eliott  of 
Borthwickbrae,  M.P.     The  old  house  of  Cleghorn  narrowly 
escaped  being  looted  by  the  Highlanders  in  1745.     On  the 
return  of  the  rebel  army  from  England,  on  passing  through 
Clydesdale,  Lord   Kilmarnock,  with  u  numerous  following, 
paid  a  visit  to  Lanark  for  the  purpose  of  collecting  supplies. 
On  that  same  day  a  *' small  party  of  Highlanders  made  a 
raid  on  Cleghorn  house,  but  they  met  with  so  warm  a  recep- 
tion from  Mr  Lockhart,  the  proprietor,  that  they  were  forced 
to  retire  empty-handed,  some  of  them  limping  from  wounds 
received  in  the  scuffle.     On  this  rough  repulse  being  known 
to  the  rebels  in  Lanark,  they  determined  to  attack  Cleghorn 
next  day  with  all  their  forces,  while  Mr  Lockhart  judged  it 
prudent  to  raise  barricades  and  garrison  the  house  with  his 


tenantry.  But  Cleghorn  was  saved  from  the  threatened 
storm  of  Highland  wrath  by  a  simple  stratagem  of  the  good 
folk  of  Lanark.  This  was  effected  by  a  man  running  into 
the  town  from  the  east,  shouting,  '  Cumberland  is  at  Cara- 
wath,'  and  the  cry  was  so  well  supported  by  the  townspeople 
that  'Cumberland  at  Carnwath'  resounded  through  every 
street  of  the  town.  The  Highlanders  were  startled,  and 
mustered  at  the  cross.  The  pipes  struck  up  a  scream  of 
defiance,  and  off  they  all  marched  to  the  westward  to  join 
the  main  army  with  the  prince  at  Hamilton  Palace.*' 

Allan  Eliott-Lockhart,  second  son,  who  succeeded,  was 
born  in  1803,  and  called  to  the  Scotch  bar  in  1824.  He 
married,  on  April  12th,  1830,  Charlotte,  fifth  daughter  of  Sir 
David  Dundas,  first  baronet  of  Beechwood.  Mr  Lockhart 
was  member  of  parliament  for  the  county  of  Selkirk  from 
1846  to  1862,  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  deputy-lieutenant  for 
the  counties  of  Lanark  and  Roxburgh,  and  lord  lieutenant 
for  Selkirkshire.     He  died  in  1878. 

William  Eliott- Lockhart  succeeded  his  father,  and  was  Capt.  W. 
born  on  2nd  March,  1833.     He  was  educated  at  Harrow,  and  i^khart  of 
joined  the  26th  Cameronians  in  August,  1852.     He  passed  Cleghorn. 
through  the  staff  college  in  1860-61,  and  served  as  deputy- 
assistant  adjutant-general  at  Aldershot  from   1863  for  five 
years.     He  exchanged  into  the  74th  Highlanders  as  captain 
in  July,  1865. 

When  holding  this  appointment  at  Aldershot,  he  married, 
on  the  nth  April,  1866,  Dorothea  Helen,  eldest  daughter  of 
the  late  Sir  Walter  Elliot,  K.C.S.L,  of  Wolfelee,  and  Maria 
Dorothea,  his  wife,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  David  Hunter 
Blair,  Bart.,  of  Blairquhan,  and  has  surviving  issue  —  one 
•daughter.  May  Charlotte.  His  eldest  son,  Allan  Ashton, 
•captain  in  the  Highland  Light  Infantry,  died  at  Malta,  May 
i6th,  1898;  his  younger  son,  Walter  Blair,  lieutenant,  Sea- 
forth  Highlanders,  died  at  Cleghorn,  March,  1895. 

Capt.  Lockhart  retired  from  the  service  in  October,  1868, 


on  receiving  the  appointment  of  assistant  chief-constable  of 
Lancashire,  which  post  he  held  till  March,  1873. 

On  the  death  of  Mr  Ogilvie  of  Chesters,  he  received  from 
the  Duke  of  Buccleuch  the  post  of  his  chamberlain  at  Branx- 
holm,  in  which  capacity  he  served  until  February,  1891. 

He  sold  his  estate  of  Borthwickbrae  to  Mr  Noble,  and  now 
resides  at  his  seat,  Cleghorn,  in  the  county  of  Lanark. 

Capt.  Lockhart  is  a  deputy-lieutenant  for  Lanarkshire  and 
Selkirkshire,  and  a  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  counties  of 
Roxburgh,  Selkirk,  and  Lanark,  and  was  made  an  honorary 
burgess  of  the  burgh  of  Hawick  on  the  6th  September,  1881. 





\1700LLEE  (now  Wolflee)  is  a  name  of  some  antiquity. 
In  an  inventory  of  the  writs  delivered  up  to  Gilbert 
Eliot  of  Stennedge  by  Mr  Scott,  writer,  Edinburgh,  ist 
November,  171 1,  concerning  his  land  and  others,  there  is 
mentioned  ''A  bounding  charter  of  the  lands  of  WooUee 
and  Wolfehopelee  by  William,  Earl  of  Angus,  to  David 
Hume,  his  armour-bearer,  24th  July,  1456."    Also 

"  Disposition  of  the  lands  of  Over  and  Nether  Woollee 
by  Sir  George  Hume  of  Wedderbum,  Knt.,  to  Sir  William 
Cranston  of  that  ilk  and  his  lady,  dated  16  May,  1605." 

'*  Confirmation  of  the  above  charter  by  William,  Earl  of 
Angus,  17  July,  1605." 

«  Disposition  by  the  Commissioners  of  Lord  Cranston,  in 
the  lands  of  Over  and  Nether  Woollee,  and  pendicles  thereof 
called  Midsideshaw,  the  Mill,  Mill  lands,  &c.,  the  said  lands 
of  Wolfehopelee,  with  Manner  place,  and  these  parts  and 
portions  of  the  20  pound  land  of  Wauchope,  Catlee,  and 
Catleeshaw  &c.,  in  favour  of  Sir  Gilbert  Eliot  of  Stobs^ 
which  charter  is  dated  15  March,  1659." 

It  has  been  stated  by  various  authorities  that  the  Oak- 
wood  Elliots  claim  descent  from  the  family  of  Larriston. 

Thomas  Elliot^  in  Oak  wood  was  born  in  1659,  and  married^ 
at  Selkirk,  Jean,  daughter  of  Cornelius  Inglis,  and  had 
issue : — 

1  Thomas  Elliot,  in  Oakwood-miln,  had  a  brother,  who  acquired  the 
farm  of  Bewlie  and  purchased  the  estate  of  Borthwickbrae.  {Vids  Elliot 
of  Borthwickbrae.) 



1.  Thomas. 

2.  William — of  whom  presently. 

3.  Agnes,  who  married  John  Sibbald  in  Whitelaw,  by 
whom  she  had  six  children;  secondly,  in  1721,  she  married 
Walter  Cunningham  of  Chapelhope,  by  whom  she  had 
fourteen  children.  One  of  her  grandsons  was  the  late  Col. 
Sibbald  of  Pinnacle.    {Vide  Sibbald  Memoir.) 

4.  Elizabeth,  married  Robert  Shortreed  of  Essenside. 
Thomas  Elliot  in  Oakwood  died  in  July,  1723,  aged  64, 

and  his  widow  on  the  7th  of  May,  1748,  aged  83.  They 
were  buried  in  Lindean  churchyard,  where  an  inscribed 
stone  marks  the  spot. 

The  first  Elliot  of  WooUee  was  William,  who  purchased 
the  estate  in  1730.  He  was  a  writer,  and  served  his 
apprenticeship  in  the  office  of  Andrew  Haliburton,  W.S. 
William  fell  in  love  with  Helen  Elliot,^  daughter  of  Elliot 
of  Midlem-mill.  At  first  this  engagement  was  not  approved 
of  by  the  lady's  family,*  as  Elliot  was  a  wild  and  reckless 
young  fellow.  But  after  his  marriage  to  Helen,  whom 
he  loved  tenderly,  he  reformed  and  became  very  steady. 
He  was  tall  and  handsome,  with  a  pleasing  manner,  and 
having  good  abilities  he  was  much  employed  by  county 
clients,  and  eventually  obtained  a  large  and  valuable  busi- 
ness. By  Helen  he  had  a  son,  Thomas,  who  became  a 
physician;  he  married,  and  died  soon  afterwards.  Also  a 
daughter,  Elizabeth,  who  married  William  Ogilvie  of  Hart- 
woodmyres,  county  of  Selkirk. 

William  Elliot  married,  secondly,  in  1727,  Margaret, 
eldest  daughter  of  William  Scot  of  Stonedge.  She  died 
in  1730.  He  for  the  third  time  married,  on  the  a4th 
of   March,    1732,    Margaret,'    daughter    of  Adam   Ogilvie 

1  Helen  Elliot,  daughter  of  Robert  Elliot  of  Midlem-mill  and  Elizabeth 
Elliot  of  Harrot  {vide  Elliot  of  Harwood). 

*  Vide  Journal  of  Thomas  Beattie  of  Mickledale. 

•  Died  at  Edinburgh,  April  14,  1796,  Mrs  Elliot,  vridow  of  William 
Elliot  of  Wool  lee — vide  Edinburgh  Advertiser.  There  is  a  portrait  of  this 
lady  at  Wolfelee. 



of  '  Hartwoodmyres.  By  this  marriage  he  left  a  large 
family.  William  Elliot  died  suddenly  in  the  month  of 
January,  1768.  He  had  been  as  usual  at  his  office  in  the 
Lawnmarket,  and  had  sold  the  estate  of  Crieve  to  Mr 
Thomas  Seattle,  for  a  client,  that  afternoon.  He  died 
about  eleven  o'clock  on  the  same  night,  leaving  a  good 
business  for  his  son,  who  succeeded  him. 

Cornelius  Elliot^  of  Woollee  was  born  in  1733.  He  was  a 
writer  to  the  signet,  and,  by  strict  attention  to  his  business, 
he  largely  increased  his  legal  connection  with  Roxburghshire. 
In  1765,  he  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Rannie, 
and  had  issue.  Mrs  Elliot  died  on  the  7th  October,  1796; 
and  Cornelius,  her  husband,  who  was  senior  member  of  the 
society  of  writers  to  his  Majesty's  signet,  died  in  1821,  at 
the  age  .of  88.  Robert,  youngest  brother  of  Cornelius  Elliot, 
was  a  merchant  in  Amsterdam.  He  purchased  Pinnaclehill, 
Kelso,  and  left  it  to  his  niece  Charlotte,  daughter  of  his 
brother  Adam,  a  Dantzig  merchant.  Eleanora,  second 
idaughter  of  Cornelius  Elliot,  married,  in  June,  1794,  Robert 
Anderson,  merchant,  Edinburgh.  William  Elliot  was  born 
in  1766,  was  major  in  ist  Madras  Cavalry.  He  died  at 
Vellore  in  1802,  in  his  father's  lifetime.' 

James   Elliot,*  the  eldest  surviving  son,  succeeded  to  Jas.  Elliot 
Woollee,  and  changed  the  name  to  Wolflee.     He  was  born 
•on  the  29th  February,  1772,  and  was  also  educated  for  the 
law,  but  gave  it  up,  preferring  the  freedom  of  a  country  life 

^  Cornelius  was  baptised  on  the  15th  April,  1733.  having  been  born  two 
4d8^  previous.  The  witnesses  at  the  baptism  were — Andrew  Haliburton, 
W.S.;  John  Gibson,  writer;  Patrick  Erskine,  younger  of  Shielfield  (all  in 
his  father's  office) ;  and  John  Elliot,  son  of  the  laird  of  Borthwickbrae, 
ills  kinsman. 

*  At  Wolfelee  there  is  an  excellent  portrait  of  this  officer,  by  Raebum, 
in  a  red  hunting  coat. 

*  Right  |Ion.  Lord  Elphinstone  married,  at  Edinburgh.  July  31,  1806. 
lady  Carmichael,  widow  of  Sir  John  Carmichael.  Bart.,  and  sister  of 
James  Elliot. 


to  the  confinement  of  an  office.  He  married,  on  the  i6th 
of  September,  1799,  Caroline,  youngest  daughter  of  Walter 
Hunter,  last  laird  of  Polmood,  whose  wife,  L^dy  Caroline 
Mackenzie,  was  daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Cromarty  (she  died, 
April,  1824).  From  the  beginning  of  the  century  Mr  Elliot 
resided  almost  entirely  in  Roxburghshire.  He  rented 
Stewartfield  (now  Hartrigge)  for  some  time.  He  improved 
and  laid  out  the  plantations  which  now  beautify  the  well- 
wooded  estate  of  Wolflee,  and  also  added  to  it  by  the 
purchase  of  several  adjoining  lairdships.  In  1810,  when 
the  local  militia  were  formed,  Mr  Elliot  was  appointed 
major  in  the  ist  regiment  of  Roxburghshire  local  militia. 
He  became  a  most  energetic  officer,  and  set  an  example 
both  to  officers  and  men,  by  his  strict  attention  to  duty. 
In  1810,  James  Elliot  became  an  original  member  of  the 
Jedforest  Club,  in  which  he  always  took  an  active  interest. 
In  1824,  he  built  the  mansion-house  of  ^^(olflee,  previous  to 
which  there  was  only  a  farm-house.  The  architect  and 
contractor  was  Mr  Smith  of  Darnick.  From  that  time  forth 
he  resided  at  Wolflee,  and  took  a  deep  interest  in  watching 
the  numerous  plantations  growing  up,  which  he  had  planted 
when  a  young  man.  Mr  Elliot  married,  secondly,  on  the 
17th  January,  1827,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert  Davidson 
of  Pinnaclehill,  Kelso,  by  whom  he  had  one  child,  who  died 
young.  By  his  first  wife,  he  had  eight  sons  and  four 
daughters.^  Although  Mr  Elliot  continued  to  the  last 
strongly  attached  to  the  Established  Church,  he  granted 
sites  in  a  most  liberal  manner  for  both  a  Free  Church  and 
manse  on  his  lands.  He  died  in  February,  1855,  in  his 
eighty-fourth  year,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  sur> 
viving  son,  Walter. 

Sir  Walter  Born  in   1803,  Walter  Elliot,   in  early  life,  lived   at 

Womee  Stewartfield,  now  Hartrigge,   Lord  Stratheden's  seat  near 

K.C.S.I.  Jedburgh.     Born  of  a  Border  family.  Sir  Walter  resided 

on   what    the    Scotch   call   the   right   side   of   the  Tweed, 

during  such  portions  of  his  long  life    as  were   not    spent 


in  India.  Thus  he  imbibed  Border  ideas  from  his 

His  earliest  education  was  imparted  by  a  clergyman  in 
Cumberland,  the  Rev.  James  Traill,  who  afterwards  became 
a  chaplain  of  the  East  India  Company  at  Madras.  After 
studying  with  a  private  tutor  at  home  for  three  or  four  years, 
he  was  sent  to  a  school  near  Doncaster,  called  Carr  House, 
kept  by  the  Rev.  Dr  Inchbald.  Here  he  remained  till  he 
was  fifteen,  when  he  went  to  Haileybury  College,  where 
he  gained  distinction.  In  March,  1820,  being  then  in  his 
eighteenth  year.  Waiter  Elliot  embarked  in  the  Indiaman 
**  Kelly  Castle,**  and  landed  at  Madras  on  the  14th  of  June 
following,  after  a  voyage  of  three  months,  the  usual  dura- 
tion in  those  days. 

In  Madras,  the  young  civilian  was  kept  for  two  pleasant 
years  at  the  college  of  Fort  St  George,  going  through  the 
regular  course  of  study  then  prescribed,  including  the 
vernacular  languages,  Indian  law  and  history,  and  the  like.^ 
When*  he  had  completed  his  course,  and  passed  out  (June, 
1823),  it  was  with  an  honorary  reward  of  one  thousand 
pagodas  (Rs.  3500)  for  remarkable  proficiency  in  the  Tamil 
and  Hindustani  languages. 

Mr  Elliot's  first  appointment  appears  to  have  been  that 
of  assistant  to  the  collector  and  magistrate  of  Salem ;  but 
the  cut-and-dried  life  of  an  executive  official  in  a  settled 
province,  even  in  those  days,  did  not  seem  to  satisfy  the 
impulsive  energy  of  his  character,  and  he  begged  to  be  sent 
for  duty  to  a  non  -  regulation  province.  The  dominions  of 
the  Mahratta  sovereignity  had,  very  shortly  before,  fallen  under 
British  rule,  and  the  affairs  of  this  unsettled  district  were 
being  conducted  by  a  commissioner  residing  at  Poonah ;  and 
the  territory  had  been  divided  into  provinces,  one  of  which 
was  known  as  the  Southern  Mahratta  Country.  In  charge  of 
this  tract  was  a  principal  collector,  Mr  St  John  Thackeray, 
who  was  also  styled  political   agent   to  the    Governor  of 

1  This  Memoir  is  extracted  from  the  Asiatic  Qnartnly  Review  and  other 


Bombay,  with  headquarters  at  Dharwar.  To  this  district 
Walter  Elliot  was  appointed  as  assistant.  The  country  was 
in  a  disturbed  state  in  many  respects,  even  though  six  years 
had  passed  since  the  transfer  of  sovereignty  to  the  *'  Com- 
pany." The  old  chiefs  and  their  families,  accustomed  for 
generations,  like  the  barons  of  Europe,  to  almost  unbounded 
power  within  their  own  tracts— owning  no  lord  save  the 
Peshwa,  and  left  practically  to  rule  their  estates  as  petty 
sovereigns— <:ould  ill  brook  the  interference  of  foreigners  and 
the  restraint  forced  on  them  by  the  presence  and  watchful- 
ness of  British  agents. 

The  year  after  he  joined  his  appointment  under  Thackeray 
occurred  an  event  which  very  nearly  put  an  end  to  his  career. 
The  chief  of  Kittdr,  who  lived  in  a  strong  fort  in  the  district, 
surrounded  by  turbulent  followers,  and  owning  considerable 
estates,  died  without  issue ;  and  the  usual  intrigues  were  set 
on  foot  regarding  the  succession.  Parties  were  formed,  and 
an  attempt  was  made  to  induce  Mr  Thackeray  to  recommend 
to  Government  an  adopted  son,  on  the  strength  of  a  docu-' 
ment  fabricated  after  the  chief's  death,  and  consequently 
invalid.  The  political  agent,  powerless  to  act  alone,  referred 
for  orders  to  his  Government,  and  did  his  best  to  quiet  the 
discontent  arising  from  the  delay  in  receiving  an  answer  from 

On  September  29th,  Walter  Elliot  and  his  companions 
became  alarmed  by  reports  of  collections  and  assemblies  of 
the  people ;  but  still  Mr  Thackeray's  inquiries  proceeded,  all 
the  heads  of  villages  being  summoned  to  render  their 
accounts.  During  the  days  that  followed,  the  fort  party 
continued  to  collect  men  and  arms,  and  to  prepare  for 
open  resistance  in  case  of  need ;  but  the  only  positive 
warning  communicated  to  the  English  officers  appears  ta 
have  been  one  given ^  on  the  occasion  of  a  shooting 
expedition,  to  young  Elliot,  who  had  already  endeared 
himself  to  the  people.  This  warning  h^  repeated  to  his 
chief,  and  Mr  Thackeray  made  an  excuse  to  get  a  troop 
of  horse  artillery  sent  to  Kittiir.    These  arrived  on  the  zSth 


October,  commanded  by  Captain  Black  and  Lteutenanto^^ 
Sewell  and  Dighton.  Mr  Elliot  tells  us  that  he  had  been 
very  unwell  during  those  few  days,  and  it  was  not  until  the 
2and  that  he  again  entered  the  fort.  He  then  found  that  he 
was  treated  with  '*the  most  unequivocal  marks  of  bad 
feeling ; "  the  same  evening  the  Sard4rs  flatly  refused  to^ 
obey  Mr  Thackeray's  summons  requesting  their  attendance 
at  the  office  inside  the  fort«  On  this,  the  collector  thought 
fit  to  send  for  a  division  of  guns  to  overawe  the  people,  and 
on  their  appearance  the  civilians  left  the  fort.^  The  position 
in  the  evening  was  as  follows: — The  inner  gate  of  the  fort 
was  in  possession  of  the  British  troops,  but  there  were  two 
other  gates  outside  this  one,  held  by  the  Rajah's  people,' 
while  all  the  English  were  at  their  respective  camps.  Elliot 
dined  at  the  troop  mess,  Thackeray  having  gone  ta  his  own 
camp.  All  night  armed  men  in  the  service  of  the  Rajab 
were  thronging  into  the  fort,  and  every  preparation  was  made 
for  open  resistance.  In  the  morning  admission  into  the  fort 
was  refused,  and  Capt.  Black  found  that  his  men  at  the  inner 
gate  could  not  get  out,  in  consequence  of  the  two  outer  gates 
being  held  by  the  natives.  Mr  Thackeray  seems  to  have 
been  ill,  but  on  Capt.  Black's  request  for  orders,  he  sent  a 
message  that  the  mutineers  were  to  be  warned,  and  after 
twenty  minutes,  on  their  refusal  to  allow  the  division  of  guns 
at  the  inner  gate  to  be  relieved,  the  outer  gate  was  to  be 
blown  in.  Due  notice  was  given,  but  entrance  was 
obstinately  refused,  and  the  Rajah's  men  (henceforth  called 
the  enemy)  were  thronging  the  walls  and  high  ground  inside 
the  fort.  After  twenty  minutes,  the  guns  opened  fire*  One 
was  directed  at  the  gate,  and  one,  under  Lieut.  Sewell,  was 
posted  on  some  rising  ground,  to  keep  down  the  fire  from  the 
walls.  The  matchlock  men  made  good  practice;  some  men 
were  wounded,  and  JLieut.  Sewell  was  shot  through  the 
breast,  receiving  a  mortal  wound,  of  which  he  died  next  day. 
Mr  Elliot  hurried  off  to  find  Mr  Thackeray,  andy  learning 
tliat  he  had  been  carried  down  in  a  palanquin  towards  the 
gate,  ran  back  with  Stevenson  to  join  him ;  but  on  reaching 


the  open  ground  they  found  that  a  sortie  had  been  made,  and 
that  the  gunners  had  been  outnumbered,  and  were  in  full 
retreat.     Some  native  mounted  orderlies  advised  the  two 
young  civilians  to  retire  while  there  was  yet  time,  saying 
that  Mr  Thackeray  had  been  killed ;  but  they  were  unwilling 
to  fly,  and  remained  alone.    The  enemy  rapidly  approached, 
and  when  it  was  seen  that  they  were  giving  no  quarter,  the 
two  Englishmen  fled  into  a  house  for  refuge.    They  were 
kindly  treated.     After  a  time,  a  dependent  of  the  Rajah, 
with    whom    they  were    acquainted,  came    to    the   house, 
surrounded  it  with  a  compact  body  of  his  own  men,  to  save 
the  inmates  from  the  fury  of  the  armed  rabble  outside,  and 
then    conducted    the    two  Englishmen  into  the  fort ;    not 
without  difficulty  and  danger,  as  several  attacks  were  made 
on  the  little  party.    Near  the  glacis  they  saw  the  dead  body 
of  Mr  Thackeray,  and  descending  towards  the  outer  gate, 
that  of  Lieut.  Dighton^  who  had  been  killed  early  in  the 
affair.     Inside  the  gate  was  the  corpse  of  Capt.  Black.     At 
the  third  gate,  standing  to  their  arms,  was  the  small  band  of 
gunners,  who  had  never  been  able  to  leave  the  place;  but 
the  walls  were  swarming  with  matchlock  men.     Resistance 
was    hopeless;    and    on    the    advice    of   the    civilians,  all 
surrendered.     Elliot  and  Stevenson  remained  prisoners  for 
six  weeks.      As    the    insurgents    showed    no    intention    of 
submitting,   the    Bombay  Government   had  no  alternative 
but  to  reduce  the  place  by  force.     Troops  were  concen- 
trated:— The  1st  Bombay  Regiment,  two  companies  of  his 
Majesty's  46th  Foot,  a  battery  of  Horse  Artillery,  the  4th 
and  8th  Madras  Cavalry,  the  23rd  Madras  Infantry,  and  the 
3rd  and  6th  Bombay  Infantry,  the  whole  under  the  command 
of  Col.  Deacon,  C.B. ;  and  by  the  25th  of  November  the 
place  was  invested,  and  the  insurgents  reduced  to  submission. 
Thus  ended  this  tragic  affair.     It  was  an  exciting  commence- 
ment to  Elliot's  career,  and  one  eminently  calculated  to 
strengthen  his  self-reliance.     It  is  no  wonder  that  a  few 
years  later,  viz.,  in  1829,  he  was  retained  in  that  district 
by   Government,  though    he   was   a    Madras   civilian,  and 


the  Mahratta  couotry  was  placed  under  the  Bombay 

As  to  Elliot's  life  during  these  years  we  get  the  best 
knowledge,  not  from  himself — for  h^  skys  very  little  about  it 
-^but  from  the  well-known  work  by  the  late  Col.  Walter 
Campbell,  called,  "  My  Indian  Journal.*' 

It  seems  that  Col.  Campbell,  then  a  subaltern,  on  24th 
February,  1831,  met  for  the  first  time  Walter  Elliot,  then 
twenty-eight  years  old,  and  a  sub-collector.  The  two  be- 
came fast  friends,  and,  as  the  following  extracts  will  show, 
devoted  themselves  energetically  to  all  manly  sports. 

Sir  Walter  was  never  wont  to  narrate  his  adventures  with 
gun  and  rifle ;  and  though  the  house  at  Wolflee  is  a  perfect 
museum  of  natural  history — the  walls  covered  with  trophies, 
and  the  principal  staircase  hung  all  over  with  skins,  while 
above  is  a  room  specially  set  apart  as  a  natural  history 
museum — few  visitors  ever  knew  how  many  of  these  wild 
animals  fell  to  Elliot's  own  gun. 

A  few  days  after  Campbell's  arrival,  the  young  English- 
men of  Dhirwdr  seem  to  have  gone  out  to  camp  on  an 
organised  shooting  expedition;  and  it  will  be  noticed  that 
Elliot  appears  to  have  retained  in  his  employ  a  regular 
staff  of  the  best  native  '' shikarries "  procurable,  without 
which  arrangement  little  can  ever  be  seen  of  the  higher 
kinds  of  sport  in  India.  Untrained  men  are  useless,  and 
^'  casuals  "  can  never  be  depended  upon  in  an  emergency. 

Here  follow  a  few  extracts  from  Colonel  Campbell's 
"  Journal :  "— 

"  Mafch  ist.  This  morning,  Elliot's  native  hunters,  who  have  been  on 
the  trail  of  a  tiger  for  a  week  past,  brought  intelligence  that  they  had  at 
last  succeeded  in  marking  him  down. 

"  Old  '  Anak/  a  fine  elephant,  which  we  had  borrowed  from  a  neigh- 
bouring rajah,  was  instantly  despatched  with  guns  and  ammunition  in 
the  howdah,  and  Elliot,  my  brother,  and  I  followed  soon  after,  on  horse- 

"  On  arriving  at  the  ground,  eight  miles  from  the  camp,  we  found  every- 
thing looking  well  for  a  certaiin  kill.  The  tiger  had  been  marked  into  a 
small  open  ravine,  when  there  was  no  strong  cover,  and  every  rising 
ground  within  sight  was  crowned  by  a  look-out  man,  to  turn  him,  or  mark 


him  down,  if  ho  should  break  awray.-  All  possible  pfecaotipns  having  been 
taken  to  prevent  his  escape,  we  mounted  the  elephant,  and  the  tiger  was 
roused  by  a  rattle  of  '  tom-toms '  and  a  wild  shout  from  the  beaters.  He 
was  on  foot  in  a  moment,  and,  \irifh  a  loud  roar,  dashed  fiiom  the  ravine, 
took  away  across  country  at  a  lobbing  galop. 

"  The  elephant  was  badly  placed,  and  the  tiger  passed  us  at  a  distance 
of  150  yards,  going  at  a  pace  which  rendered  the  chances  of  hitting  him 
very  slight  indeed.  Two  balls  rang  among  the  rocks  close  behind  him ; 
and  just  as  he  was  topping  the  hill,  a  long  rifle-shot  appeared  to  touch 
him,  for  a  short  angry  roar  was  borne  back  upon  the  breeze,  and  the 
beaters  made  signs  that  he  was  hit.  We  followed  at  the  best  pace  old 
'Anak'  could  muster,  and  on  reaching  the  summit  of  the  hill,  saw  the 
tiger  slowly  stealing  down  a  ravine  on  the  opposite  side.  He  was  out  of - 
shot,  and  we  halted  to  mark  him  down,  and  to  send  the  beaters  to  »  place 
of  safety ;  for  he  was.  evidently  wounded,  and.  therefore  dangerous.  One 
man  alone,  intoxicated  with  opium,  disregarded  every  warning  signal. 

"  The  tiger  was  going  straight  towards  him.  We  called  and  beckoned 
in  vain.  The  infatuated  wretch  drew  his  sword,  and  waved  it  in  defiance, 
while  we  saw  the  fatal  crisis  approaching,  but  could  do  nothing  to  save 

"Elliot  ordered  the  'mahout*  to  urge  the  elephant  forward  at  his 
Utmost  speed.  I  shall  never  forget  the  excitement  of  that  moment.  My 
brother  and  I,  both  novices  in  tiger-hunting,  were  almost  in  a  rabid  state; 
and  in  our  anxiety  to  rescue  the  doomed  wretch  from  his  impending  fate, 
we  stamped  with  impatience,  and  abused  the  driver  for  not  exerting 
himself  sufficiently,  although  he  was  applying  the  goad  with  all  his 
strength,  and  making  the  blood  flow,  and  extorting  a  scream  of  pain  from 
the  unfortunate  elephant  at  every  stroke. 

"  But  all  was  in  vain.  Before  we  were  half-way  down  the  hill,  the 
tiger  had  caught  sight  of  the  poor  helpless  drunkard,  standing  directly  in 
his  path,  and  his  doom  was  sealed.*  He  might  still  have  made  an  effort 
to  escape,  for  he  had  a  long  Start;  but  he  appeared  paralysed  with  fear 
when  he  saw  the  tiger  making  directly  towards  him,  with  terrific  bounds. 
The  brute  was  upon  him  with  the  speed  of  lightning.  We  saw  him  rear 
for  an  instant  over  his  victim,  who  attempted  to  defend  himself  with  his 
sword  and  shield.  One  savage  roar  rang  through  the  soul  of  the  stricken 
wretch,  and  he  was  dashed  to  the  ground,  amidst  a  cloud  of  dust,  thtough 
which  we  could  just  distinguish  the  agitated  forms  of  the  tiger  and  the 
wretched  man,  writhing  like  a  crushed  worm  in  his  gripe.  It  was  over  ia 
an  instant.  The  tiger  trotted  off  sulkily  to  a  small  patch  of  thorny 
bushes,  and  being  now  excited  to  madness  by  the  taste  of  blood,  stood 
boldly  awaiting  our  attack.  The  elephant  was  pnshed  forward  with  all 
speed,  the  tiger  roaring  furiously  as  we  advanced,  and  the  moment  his 
splendid  head  appeared,  a  volley  from  six  barrels  sent  him  staggering 
back  into  the  centre  of  the  bush.  He  rallied  .instantly,  and  made  a 
brilliant  charge  close  np  to  the  elephant's  trunk,-  when  he  was  again 
ttirned  by  m  well-direoted  volley  from  the  spare  guns,  and  retreated 


growling  to  his  lair.  We  now  retired  a  short  distance  to  reload,  and  when 
we  advanced  agaiin,  the  tiger,  although  bleeding  at  every  pore,  rushed 
forth  to  meet  us,  as  savage  as  ever.  He  was  again  turned  before  he  could 
spring  on  the  elephant,  and  again  dn^ged  forward  liis  bleediiig  body  to 
the  charge,  roaring  as  if  his  he^rt  would  burst  with  impotent  rag^.  We 
now  let  him  come  up  quite  close,  so  that  every  ball  might  tell,  and  gave, 
him  shot  after  shot,  till  he  crawled  back  exhausted  into  the  bushes.  We 
followed  him  up.  and  in  a  last  expiribg  effort  to  reach  the  elephant,  he 
was  shot  dead,  while  struggling  to  make  good  his  charge.  He  was  game 
to  the  last ;  and  Elliot,  who  has  killed  many  tigers,  says  he  never  saw  one 
die  more  gallantly. 

"  Having  ascertained,  by  poking  him  with  a  spear,  that  the  tiger  was 
actually  dead,  we  dismounted  from  the  'howdah.*  and  leaving  the 
'  mahout '  to  reward  his  unwieldy  pet  after  his  exertions  by  giving  him 
balls  of  sugar  dipped  in  the  tiger's  blood,  went  to  look  after  the  unfortun- 
ate beater  who  had  been  struck  down.  We  found  him  lying  under  a  bush 
in  a  dying  state,  and  a  more  frightful  spectacle  I  never  beheld.  His  lower 
jaw  was  carried  away,  as  if  he  had  been  struck  by  a  cannon-ball,  his  cheek 
bones  were  crushed  to  pieces,  and  the  lacerated  muscles  of  the  throat  hung 
down  over  his  chest.  So  dreadful  was  the  injury  that  literally  nothing  of 
the  fBLce  was  left  below  the  eyes.  He  appeared  quite  sensible,  poor  fellow, 
and  made  frantic  signs  for  water,  whilst  his  blood-shot  eyes,  rolling  wildly, 
imparted  to  the  head  the  most  ghastly  expression  I  ever  beheld.  It  was* 
of  course,  impossible  to  afford  him  the  slightest  relief,  and  death  soon  put 
an  end  to  his  sufferings. 

*'  The  important  operation  of  singeing  the  tiger's  whiskers  having  been 
performed  by  the  oldest  native  hunter,  the  carcass  was  laid  upon  a  cart 
drawn  by  six  bullocks,  and  decorated  with  flags,  and  was  thus  dragged 
home  in  triumph.  On  skinning  the  tiger,  we  found  sixteen  balls  lodged 
ia-  his  body,  most  of  which  had  entered  his  chest,  a  strong  proof  of  the 
extraordinary  tenacity  of  life  possessed  by  these  animals.^' 

In  1836  the  "  Royal  Asiatic  Journal  **  contains  a  paper  by 
Elliot  on  Hindu  inscriptionSi  and  the  then  little  known  ancient 
dynasties  of  the  Dakhan ;  and  he  sent  with  it  two  manuscript 
volumes  containing  nearly  600  copies  of  inscribed  stones, 
which  he  had  come  across  between  1823  and  1833.  He  was 
one  of  the  earliest  contributors  to  the  '*  Journal  of  the  Asiaiic 
Society  of  Bengal,"  started  in  1832,  and  he  was  mainly 
instrumental  in  founding  the  "  Madras  Journal  of  Literature 
and  Science."  His  papers  on  historical  subjects  constituted 
a  standard  work  of  reference  on  the  subject  for  many  years. 

Leaving  Bombay,  on  furlough,  in  December,  1833,  he 
spent  the  first  year  and  a  half  of  his  leave  in  travel,  not 


arriving  in  England  until  May,  1835.  The  journey  was 
begun  in  company  with  Robert  Pringie,^  of  the  Bombay 
Civil  Service.  They  went  up  the  Red  Sea  in  the  cruiser 
"Coote"  (Capt.  Rose),  touching  at  the  ports  of  Jidda  and 
Mocha.'  At  Mocha  the  travellers  were  compelled  to  leave 
the  ship,  which  was  detained  there  in  consequence  of  the 
Bedouins  having  expelled  Muhammad  Ali*s  garrison,  and 
plundered  the  place.  They  crossed  in  a  tender  to  Massowa, 
on  the  Abyssinian  coast,  where  Capt.  Moresby  was  survey- 
ing in  the  <*  Benares,"  made  the  best  of  their  way  up  the 
coast,  and  recrossed  to  Jidda,  where  they  joined  the  Com- 
pany's steamer  *'  Hugh  Lindsay,"  and  proceeded  to  Kossair. 
Landing  there,  they  rode  across  the  desert  to  Thebes. 
During  this  journey,  Elliot  met  Dr  Joseph  Wolff,  the  cele- 
brated missionary,  who  sailed  in  the  ship  from  Bombay. 

After  seeing  the  wonders  of  Thebes,  Mr  Elliot  and  Mr 
Pringle  descended  the  Nile  to  Cairo,  and  thence  crossed 
the  desert  of  El  Arish  to  the  Holy  Land.  Here  they  joined 
the  Hon.  Robert  Curzon  (the  late  Lord  Zouche)  and  Sir 
Robert  Palmer ;  and  the  party  of  four  visited  Nazareth,  the 
Dead  Sea,  the  Haurdn,  Lebanon,  and  Damascus,  arriving 
at  Jerusalem  in  time  for  the  Easter-week  celebrations  at 
the  Holy  Sepulchre.  Here  Mr  Elliot  was  present  at  a 
terrible  tragedy  which  occurred  at  the  Church  of  the  Holy 
Sepulchre  on  Good  Friday  (1834),  ^^  ^^^  festival  of  the 
Descent  of  the  Holy  Fire,  when  five  hundred  people  were 
crushed  to  death.  An  account  of  the  affair  is  given  in 
Curzon*s  "Monasteries  of  the  Levant.*'  An  extract  from 
this  book  is  as  follows: — 

"It  was  on  Friday  the  31:^  of  May,  that  my  companions  and  myself 
went,  about  five  o'clock  in  the  evening,  to  the  Church  of  the  Holy 
Sepulchre,  where  we  had  places  assigned  to  us  in  the  gallery  of  the  Latin 
monks,  as  well  as  a  good  bedroom  in  their  convent.  The  church  was  very 
full,  and  the  numbers  kept  increasing  every  moment.  .  .  .  But  every 
window  and  cornice,  and  every  place  where  a  man's  foot  could  rest, 
excepting  the  g^lery — which  was  reserved  for  Ibrahim  Pasha  and  our- 
selves— appeared  to  be  crammed  with  people;  for  17,000  pilgrims  were 

^  Vide  Pringle  of  Yair.    This  gentleman  died  in  1896,  aged  94. 


said  to  be  in  Jerusalem,  almost  the  whole  of  whom  had  come  to  the  Holy 
City  for  no  otl^er  reason  but  to  see  the  Sacred  Fire.  .  .  .  The  people 
had,  by  this  time,  become  furious ;  they  were  worn  out  with  standing  in 
such  a  crowd  all  night,  and,  as  the  time  approached  for  the  exhibition  of 
the  Holy  Fire,  they  could  not  contain  themselves  for  joy.  ...  At  about 
one  o'clock  the  Patriarch  went  into  the  ante-chapel  of  the  Sepulchre,  and, 
soon  after,  a  magnificent  procession  moved  out  of  the  Greek  chapel. 

.  .  .  The  agitation  of  the  pilgrims  was  now  extreme ;  they  screamed 
aloud  ;  and  the  dense  mass  of  people  shook  to  and  fro  like  a  field  of  com 
in  the  wind.  There  is  a  round  hole  in  one  part  of  the  chapel,  over  the 
Sepulchre,  out  of  which  the  Holy  Fire  is  given ;  and,  up  to  this,  the  man 
who  had  agreed  to  pay  the  highest  sum  for  the  honour  was  conducted  by 
a  strong  guard  of  soldiers.  There  was  silence  for  a  minute,  and  then  a 
light  appeared  out  of  the  tomb,  and  the  happy  pilgrim  received  the  Holy 
Fire  from  the  Patriarch  within.  It  consisted  of  a  bundle  of  thin  wax 
candles,  lit,  and  inclosed  in  an  iron  frame  to  prevent  their  being  torn 
asunder,  and  put  out  in  the  crowd.  A  furious  battle  commenced  immedi- 
ately, every  one  being  so  eager  to  obtain  the  holy  light,  that  a  man  put 
out  the  candle  of  his  neighbour  in  trying  to  light  his  own.  .  .  .  Soon  you 
saw  the  lights  increasing  in  all  directions,  every  one  having  lit  his  candle 
from  the  holy  flame ;  the  chapels,  the  galleries,  and  every  comer  where  a 
candle  could  possibly  be  displayed,  immediately  appeared  to  be  in  a  blaze. 
The  people  in  their  frenzy  put  the  bunches  of  lighted  tapers  to  their  faces, 
hands,  and  breasts,  to  purify  themselves  from  their  sins.  .  .  . 

'*  In  a  short  time  the  smoke  of  the  candles  obscured  everything  in  the 
place,  and  I  could  see  it  rolling  in  great  volumes  out  at  the  aperture  at 
the  top  of  the  dome.  .  .  .  After  a  while,  when  he  had  seen  all  there  was 
to  be  seen,  Ibrahim  Pasha  got  up  and  went  away,  his  numerous  guards 
making  a  Une  for  him  by  main  force  through  the  dense  mass  of  people 
which  filled  the  body  of  the  church.  As  the  crowd  was  so  immense,  we 
waited  for  a  little  while,  and  then  set  out  all  together  to  return  to  our 
convent.  I  went  first,  and  my  friends  followed  me,  the  soldiers  making 
way  for  us  across  the  church.  I  got  as  far  as  the  place  where  the  Virgin 
is  said  to  have  stood  during  the  Crucifixion,  when  I  saw  a  number  of 
people  lying  on  one  another  all  about  this  part  of  the  church,  and,  as  far 
as  I  could  see,  towards  the  door.  I  made  my  way  between  them  as  well 
as  I  could,  till  they  were  so  thick  that  there  was  actually  a  great  heap  of 
bodies  on  which  I  trod.  It  then  suddenly  struck  me  they  were  all  dead  1 
I  had  not  perceived  this  at  first,  for  I  thought  they  were  only  very  much 
fatigued  with  the  ceremonies,  and  had  lain  down  to  rest  themselves  there ; 
but  when  I  came  to  so  great  a  heap  of  bodies.  I  looked  down  at  them, 
and  saw  that  sharp,  hard  appearance  of  the  face  which  is  never  to  be 

'*  At  this  time  there  was  no  crowd  in  this  part  of  the  church ;  but  a 
little  farther  on,  round  the  comer  towards  the  great  door,  the  people,  who 
were  quite  panic-struck,  continued  to  press  forward,  and  every  one  was 
doing  his  utmost  to  escape.    The  guards  outside,  frightened  at  the  rush 


from  within,  thought  that  the  Christians  wished  to  attack  them,  and  the 
confusion  soon  grew  into  a  battle.  The  dead  were  lying  in  heaps  even 
upon  the  stone  of  unction ;  and  I  saw  full  four  hundred  wretched  people, 
deid  and  living,  heaped  promiscuously  one  upon  another;  in  some  places, 
above  five  feet  high.  .  .  .  When  the  bodies  were  removed,  many  were 
discovered  standing  upright,  quite  dead;  and  near  the  chnrch  door 
one  of  the  soldiers  was  found  standing,  with  his  musket  shouldered,  among 
the  bodies.  The  whole  court  before  the  entrance  to  the  church  was 
covered  with  the  dead,  laid  in  rows,  by  the  Pasha's  orders,  so  that  their 
friends  might  find  them  and  carry  them  away." 

From  Jerusalem,  Pringle  and  Elliot  travelled  through  part 

of  Asia-Minor,  visiting  the  Cyclades,  the  Seven  Churches, 


and  Scutari,  thence  proceeding  to  Constantinople.  From 
the  city  of  the  Golden  Horn  they  went  to  Athens,  Corinth, 
Corfu,  and  finally  to  Ancona. 

They  arrived  in  Rome  in  December,  1834,  and  travelled 
slowly  home,  spending  three  months  at  Venice,  Milan, 
Geneva,  and  Paris.  From  May,  1835,  to  October,  1836, 
Mr  Elliot  remained  at  home,  and  then  returned  to  India  as 
private  secretary  to  his  cousin.  Lord  Elphinstone,  who  had 
received  the'  appointment  of  Governor  of  Madras.  The 
journey  was  made  in  the  yacht  "  Prince  Regent,"  which 
the  English  Government  was  about  to  present  to  the  Imam 
of  Muscat.  They  arrived  in  Madras  in  February,  1837,  and 
Mr  Elliot  found  himself  fully  occupied;  for,  in  addition  to 
the  private  secretaryship,  he  was,  in  April,  made  third 
member  of  the  Board  of  Revenue.  For  this  important  post 
he  was  exceptionally  well  qualified,  from  his  intimate  ac- 
quaintance with  the  native  character.  For  the  next  few 
years  Mr  Elliot  was  employed  in  the  quiet  fulfilment  of  his 
duties,  his  linguistic  attainments  being  recognised  by  his 
appointment,  at  one  time  as  Canarese  translator,  and  at 
another,  as  Persian  translator  to  the  Government.  The  work 
was,  however,  agreeably  diversified  in  his  case  by  a  journey 
taken  to  Malta  in  1838,  where  he  was  married  (January 
15th,  1839)  to  Maria  Dorothea,  daughter  of  Sir  David 
Hunter-Blair,  Bart.,  of  Blairquhan. 

For  the  next  few  years  Mr  Elliot  sedulously  pursued 
his  investigations   on   antiquarian   and  scientific  subjects. 


In  1840,  on  the  ist  of  October,  he  lost  his  next  brother. 
Lieutenant  James  Forbes  Elliot,  7th  Madras  Native  In- 
fantry, who  died  somewhat  suddenly  at-Ndlore. 

The  retirement  of  Lord  Elphinstone  in  1842  relieved  Mr 
Elliot  from  the  post  of  private  secretary,  and  thenceforth 
be  was  employed  officially  in  the  ordinary  duties  of  a  mem- 
"ber  of  the  Board  of  Revenue.  In  1845  he  was  called  upon 
to  perform  a  very  difficult  and  delicate  mission  in  the  tract 
•of  country  called  the  Northern  Sirkdrs  in  regard  to  the 
revenue.  For  the  successful  manner  in  which  he  carried 
•out  this  duty,  he  was  thanked  by  the  court  of  directors, 
and  a  special  appointment  was  created,  making  Mr  Elliot 
•commissioner  of  the  whole  Northern  Sirkdrs,  with  extended 
powers  in  administrative  matters.  In  this  he  remained 
until  1854,  when  he  was  appointed  member  of  council  in 
the  Government  of  Madras,  in  succession  to  Sir  J.  V.  Ston- 
house.  Unfortunately,  Mr  Elliot,  who  had  been  unwell  for 
-some  time,  had  been  ordered  home  on  sick  leave.  He  went 
to  England  for  six  months  after  taking  his  seat  in  council, 
:and  returned  to  his  duty  in  1855.  In  this  high  and  respon- 
sible position  in  which  he  had  been  placed  he  remained 
until  his  retirement  from  the  service  in  i860.  To  the  stir- 
ring events  of  that  period  we  shall  presently  return.  Valu- 
able papers  of  Mr  Elliot's  on  archaeological  matters  appeared 
from  time  to  time  in  the  '<  Madras  Journal  of  Literature 
and  Science,"  of  which  he  was  for  some  years  the  editor. 
Amongst  others  must  be  specially  noted  his  "Numismatic 
Gleanings,'*  which  remained  for  many  years  the  only  paper 
•of  reference  on  South  Indian  coins,  and  has  only  really  been 
•superseded  by  his  own  large  standard  work  published  in 
1886  in  the  ''  Numismata  Orientalia." 

Throughout  his  long  life,  with  all  its  varied  interests — the 

love  of  research,  the  passion  for  sport,  the  patient  toil  of  the 

•office,  and  the  keen  excitement  of  the  chase — no  side  of 

Elliot's  character  stands  out    more  prominently  than   his 

unwavering  belief  in  the  truths  of  Christianity.      Firmly 

jpersuaded,  from  his  youth  upwards,  that  faith  in  Christ  was 


the  only  safe  and  sure  rule  of  life  for  himself  and  all  men,  he 
earnestly  desired  to  impart  that  belief  to  those  around  him, 
and  yet  never  allowed  his  faith  to  lead  him  into  intolerance. 
Amongst  the  good  and  earnest  missionaries  of  his  time,  he 
numbered  many  of  his  dearest  friends;  and  his  influence 
and  his  monpy  were  ever  at  the  disposal  of  societies  and 
individuals  engaged  in  true  Christian  work. 

The  marbles  discovered  by  Sir  Walter  Elliot  were  sent 
home  by  him  to  England,  and  remained  for  ipany  years 
uncared  for  in  the  old  India  Office,  whence  they  were 
removed', . /nainly  at  the  instance  of  the  late  Mr  James 
Fergusson,  to  the  India  Museum  in  South  Kensington. 
Finally,  they  were  sent  to  their  present  home  in  the  British 
Museum,  where  they  now  line  the  walls  of  the  grand 

I  now  revert  to  the  closing  scenes  of  Mr  Elliot's  Indian 
career.  He  became  a  member  of  council  in  the  Government 
of  Fort  St  George,  in  1854,  ^^^  shortly  afterwards  wa 
elevated  to  the  rank  of  senior  member.  Then  came. the 
stirring  period  of  English  history  which  began  with  the 
Crimean  -War  in  1854,  ^^^  continued  for  several  years. 
Hardly  had  the  rejoicings  in  England,  consequent  on  the 
proclamation  of  peace  with  Russia,  died  away,  than  the 
nation  was  convulsed  by  the  tidings  of  the  Indian  Mutiny. 
As  months  passed  by,  men  trembled  on  the  arrival  of  each 
mail,  in  fearful  anticipation  of  the  downfall  of  British  power 
in  India,  and  the  murder  of  Europeans  there. 

During  all  this  dark  and  trying  period,  Mr  Elliot  was  at 
his  post  at  Madras,  and,  by  his  calmness  and  cool  judgment 
in  moments  of  doubt  and  danger,  set  an  admirable  example 
to  all  around  him.  In  this,  he  was  nobly  seconded  by  Lady 
Elliot.  As  the  plot  thickened,  and  tidings  of  revolt  and  mas- 
sacre came  in  quick  succession  from  the  north  of  India^ 
public  anxiety  in  Madras  was  roused  to  the  utmost  pitch ; 
and  it  has  never  been  concealed  that  Lord  Harris  took  a 
very  gloomy  view  of  the  situation.  He  did  not  see  how 
Madras  could  escape  the  contagion ;    and,  indeed,  his  fore* 


bodings  would  in  all  probability  have  been  realised,  had 
not  that  genuine  friend  of  England,  the  then  Prime  Minister 
of  Hyderabad,  by  his  good  faith  and  sound  policy,  averted 
an  outbreak  in  the  leading  Mohammedan  state.  The  loyalty 
of  the  Dakhan  interposed  a  barrier  between  the  fanatic  rev- 
olutionaries of  the  North  and  the  hesitating  inhabitants  of 
Southern  India,  and  brought  about  the  peace  of  the  Madras 
Presidency.  But  until  that  peace  was  established,  anxiety  in 
Madras  increased  daily,  till  it  reached  its  highest  pitch  at 
the  Mohurrum  festival  in  1857,  when  many  of  the  leading 
Europeans  anticipated  a  rising  and  general  massacre. 

The  anxiety  in  Madras  was  so  great  that  the  Gover- 
nor himself  had  little  hope,  and  the  residents  looked 
forward,  almost  hourly,  to  a  general  insurrection  —  many 
believing  only  in  the  eventual  triumph  of  England  by  a 
reconquest  of  the  country.  Mr  Elliot,  head  of  the  Govern- 
ment during  the  absence  of  Lord  Harris,  who  was  temporar- 
ily invalided,  resolutely  set  his  face  against  any  conduct 
which  would  be  likely  to  lead  to  a  panic 

One  morning  a  rumour  was  carried  to  him  that  Lady 
Canning,  the  wife  of  the  Governor-General,  was  about  to 
sail  for  England.  Mr  Elliot  strongly  expressed  his  dis- 
approval of  the  step,  saying  that  it  would  have  the  worst 
possible  effect.  In  this  he  was  nobly  seconded  by  Lady 
Elliot,  who  declined  altogether  to  set  an  example  of  flight, 
and  busied  herself  in  allaying  the  fears  of  those  around  her. 

It  was  a  time  when  the  heroism  of  the  women  was 
exemplified  in  no  less  a  degree  than  that  of  the  men,  so 
much  so,  that  Lord  Paimerston  remarked  in  Parliament, 
that  in  future  it  would  be  a  sufficient  honour  for  the  most 
distinguished  British  soldier,  to  proclaim  him  as  brave  as 
an  Englishwoman. 

Lord   Harris's   private   letters  to    Mr    Elliot,  many   of 

which  Lady  Elliot  kindly  showed  me,  prove  how  much  the 

Governor  relied  on  the  sound  judgment  and  long  trained 

experience  of  this  senior  member  of  Council,  in  this  critical 

and  anxious  time. 



Lord  Harris's  health  having  broken  down  under  the  strain, 
and  Mr  Elliot  being,  in  the  autumn  of  1858,  provisional 
governor  of  Madras,  it  devolved  on  the  latter  to  give  public 
effect  to  the  Royal  Proclamation  which  announced  to  the 
princes  and  people  of  India  that  the  sovereignty  of  this  vast 
country  had  passed  from  the  East  India  Company  to  the 
British  Crown. 

In  this  connexion.  Lord  Canning's  private  letter  to  Mr 
Elliot,  dated  from  Allahabad,  on  October  Z7th,  1858,  will  be 
read  with  interest. 

"  Privatb.  *'  Allahabad.  Octofur  17th,  1858. 

'■Dear  Mr  Elliot,—I  have  just  received  by  the  mail  of  the  lyth 
September,  viA  Bombay,  the  Proclamation  of  the  Queen  upon  assuming 
the  government  of  India. 

"  I  send  you  a  copy  of  it  at  once  by  post,  on  the  chance  that  it  may 
reach  you  before  the  arrival  of  the  mail  steamer  from  Calcutta,  by  which 
another  copy  will  be  sent  officially.  It  may  be  necessary  for  me  to  delay 
the  departure  of  the  steamer  for  twenty-four  hours. 

'*  It  is  desirable  that  the  promulgation  of  the  Proclamation  should  talce 
place  on  the  same  day  at  each  Presidency — Madras  is  the  most  distant. 

"  It  should  be  read  in  some  public  and  open  place,  to  which  natives  of 
all  classes,  as  well  as  Europeans,  can  have  firee  access. 

"The  place  which  will  be  chosen  at  Calcutta  is  the  open  steps  of 
Government  House,  and  the  reading  should  be.  first  in  English,  and  then 
in  one  vernacular  version. 

*'  I  suppose  that  Tamil  will  be  the  fittest  language  for  Madras,  and  I 
hope  that  you  will  receive  the  document  in  time  to  have  the  translation 
made  by  the  ist  of  November. 

"This  is  probably  the  day  that  will  be  fixed  for  the  ceremony;  but  of 

this  you  shall  hear  positively  by  telegraph  and  by  the  steamer.    If  the 

translation  is  not  ready,  a  single  reaiUng  in  English  must  suffice.    The 

Proclamation  being  from  the  Queen  herself,  and  treating  of  matter  of  the 

deepest  importance,  it  is  especially  necessary  that  no  inkling   of  its 

contents  or  purport  should  leak  out  or  become  canvassed  before  the  day 

of  promulgation.     Care,  therefore,  will  be  needed  to  put  the  document 

into  safe  hands  for  translation.    The  reading  will,  of  course,  be  followed 

by  a  salute,  and  the  evening  should  be  made  as  much  of  a  festival  as 


•'  Believe  me,  dear  Mr  Elliot, 

"  Very  faithfully  yours, 

"  The  Hon.  Walter  EUiot."  "  Canning." 

In  conformity  with  these  instmctions,  Mr  Elliot,  as  pro* 
visional  governor,  read  the  proclamation  from  the  steps  of 


the  Banqueting  Hall  at  Government  House,  on  November 
X8t,  1858,  every  possible  arrangement  having  been  made  to 
invest  the  occasion  with  an  aspect  of  supreme  importance. 

After  two  years'  more  residence  at  Madras,  Mr  Elliot 
determined  to  retire,  having  remained  the  full  period  allotted 
to  a  member  of  the  Civil  Service. 

He  had  been  in  India  forty  years,  thirty-seven  of  which 
had  been  passed  in  active  official  employment,  and  he  had 
held  for  five  years  the  post  of  member  of  council,  the  high- 
est appointment  to  which  a  civilian  can  attain. 

Shortly  before  he  left  India,  Mr  Elliot  received  the  com- 
pliment of  a  public  dinner  in  his  honour,  at  which  Sir 
Charles  Trevelyan,  then  Governor  of  Madras,  presided. 
The  latter  summed  up  his  opinion  of  the  value  of  Mr 
Elliot's  advice  and  counsel  by  saying,  in  his  valedictory 
:speech : — **  In  short,  if  there  be  anything  that  I  ever  wished 
to  know  connected  with  India,  from  *  the  cedar  tree  that  is 
in  Lebanon  even  unto  the  hyssop  that  springeth  out  of  the 
wall,'  I  would  go  to  Walter  Elliot  for  information." 

After  his  retirement  from  the  Madras  Civil  Service,  Mr 
Elliot  lived  at  Wolflee  till  his  death,  busily  at  work  on 
his  favourite  subjects,  no  less  than  on  county  matters  and 
^11  that  concerned  the  welfare  and  happiness  of  those  around 

The  **  Indian  Antiquary,"  the  journals  of  the  various 
Asiatic  societies,  that  of  the  Ethnol(^cal  Society,  the 
Transactions  of  the  Botanical  Society,  the  Journal  of  the 
Zoological  Society,  the  Reports  of  the  British  Association, 
the  Journal  of  the  Berwickshire  Naturalists'  Club,  the  Pro- 
ceedings of  the  Scottish  Society  of  Antiquaries,  the  ''  Edin- 
burgh New  Philosophical  Journal,"  all  received  contributions 
—  some  of  them  very  frequently — from  his  pen ;  and  this,  too, 
while  he  was  fighting,  inch  by  inch,  against  a  daily  increas- 
ing defect  of  vision,  which  resulted  during  the  last  few  years 
of  his  life  in  total  blindness.  One  of  his  most  important 
works,  the  *' Coins  of  Southern  India,"  published  in  the 
"'^Numismata   Orientalia,"  which   was   conducted,  all  too 


briefly,  by  the  late  Mr  Edward  Thomas,  was  written  at  a 
time  when  the  affection  of  his  eyes  rendered  him  practically 
incapable  of  seeing  a  single  coin,  and  yet  his  memory  was 
so  reliable  that  by  simply  handling  one  of  the  thousands  of 
coins  in  his  cabinet,  after  having  its  device  described,  he 
would  not  only  recognise  the  specimen  itself,  but,  in  most 
cases,  remember  how  he  got  possession  of  it,  and  where  it 
had  been  discovered.  The  coin  and  medal  department  of 
the  British  Museum  now  possesses  the  choicest  specimens 
of  Sir  Walter's  collection. 

In  April,  1862,  he  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club, 
having  been  proposed  by  his  neighbour,  Thomas  M.  Scott 
of  Wauchope,  and  seconded  by  Mr  Oliver  Rutherfurd  of 

In  1866,  Mr  Elliot  received  the  honour  of  knighthood, 
being  created  a  Knight  Commander  of  the  Star  of  India. 

In  1877  he  was  elected  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society, 
and  in  1878  the  University  of  Edinburgh  recognised  his 
worth  by  conferring  on  him  the  honorary  degree  of  Doctor 
of  Laws. 

The  "Kelso  Chronicle,*'  writing  of  his  usefulness  in  the 
county,  says : — "  As  a  commissioner  of  supply  for  Roxburgh- 
shire, he  took  an  important  part  in  public  affairs,  and  his 
opinions  were  always  received  with  respect.  He  was  a 
deputy^lieutenant,  and  also  on  the  commission  of  the  peace.'^ 

Sir  Walter  worked  with  unabated  interest  literally  up  to 
the  last  hour  of  his  long  life,  for  he  passed  away,  apparently 
without  the  slightest  suffering,  on  the  afternoon  of  a  day 
the  morning  of  which  had  been,  as  usual,  devoted  to  active 
occupations.  One  of  his  friends,  Dr  Pope,  the  eminent 
Tamil  scholar,  received  a  letter  signed  by  him,  and  dated 
from  Wolff ee  on  March  ist,  1887,  the  day  of  his  deaths 
containing  inquiries  as  to  the  forthcoming  edition  of  a  Tamil 
work,  and  suggesting  that  the  attention  of  Madras  native 
students  should  be  bestowed  upon  the  early  dialects  of  their 
own  language.     He  died  in  his  85th  year. 

Sir  Walter  ever  maintained  a  kindly  relationship  with 


his  neighbours  of  all  ranks,  and  had  a  generous  hand  for 
the  poor  and  needy,  as  well  as  for  every  deserving  cause. 
He  preserved  through  life,  along  with  his  scientific  investi- 
gations and  studies,  a  firm  faith  in  the  great  doctrines  of 
the  Christian  religion,  as  is  well  illustrated  by  the  opening 
sentence  of  his  deed  of  settlement,  dated  1885,  which  is  as 
follows : — 

"  I.  Sir  Walter  Elliot  of  Wolfiee,  Knight  Commander  of  the  Star  of 
India,  having  completed  my  82nd  year,  and  passed  the  limit  assigned  for 
the  ordinary  duration  of  life,  desire  to  revise  the  settlement  of  my  worldly 
affairs  in  such  wise  as  may  best  conduce  to  the  comfort  and  happiness  of 
my  children  in  this  life,  and  so,  by  keeping  them  free  as  far  as  possible 
from  undue  care  and  anxiety,  to  prepare  them  for  the  life  to  come.  And, 
first,  as  regards  myself,  I  desire  to  express  my  thankfulness  to  Almighty 
God  for  the  goodness  and  mercy  which  have  followed  me  all  my  life  long, 
and  chiefly  for  His  long-suffering  in  sparing  me  till  He  showed  me  my 
true  estate  as  a  perishing  sinner,  and  reconciled  me  to  Himself  by  Jesus 
Christ,  in  whom  is  all  my  trust ;  in  which  hope  I  desire  to  depart,  having 
confidence,  also,  that  the  prayer  of  my  dear  wife^  will  be  answered  in  the 
conversion  of  our  beloved  children, >  that  we  all  of  us  may  be  ever  with  the 

Jambs  Thomas  Spencer  Elliot,  eldest  son  of  Sir  Walter  J.  T.  Spencer 
Elliot,   was  born    at    Madras,    6th    September,    1845,    and  \\^oiii^, 
was  educated  at  Harrow.     At  the  age  of  twenty  he  went 
to   South  America   for  the  purpose  of  stock  -  farming,  but 
returned  home  in  I872.     He  afterwards  acquired  some  land 
in  Manitoba,  which  he  retained  until  his  death. 

In  his  day,  no  one  was  better  known  in  Roxburghshire 
than  James  Elliot.  He  was  a  useful  man,  and  ready  to 
make  himself  serviceable.    As  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  com- 

1  On  the  24th  December,  1890,  Maria  Dorothea,  daughter  of  Sir  David 
Hunter  Blair,  Bart.,  and  widow  of  Sir  Walter  Elliot,  died  suddenly  at 
Wolfiee.  aged  74  years. 

>  Major  Herman  F.  Elliot,  Royal  Highlanders  (Black  Watch),  youngest 
son  of  Sir  Walter  Elliot  of  Wolfiee.  died  at  the  Mauritius,  aged  41  years, 
on  the  9th  of  March.  1895.  ^^  served  with  his  regiment  in  Egypt,  and 
was  present  at  the  battles  of  Tel-el-Kebir,  El  Teb.  Nile  (1884-5).  ^^ 
Kirbekan.  for  which  he  received  a  medal  with  four  clasps,  and  the  bronze 


missioner  of  supply  he  took  a  warm  interest  in  county 
matters.  His  well-known  portly  figure  was  most  conspicuous 
at  all  county  meetings,  where  he  was  always  welcome.  In 
social  life  he  possessed  in  an  eminent  degree  those  qualities 
which  give  confidence  to  fellowship,  and  zeal  to  benevolence. 
Although  short-sighted,  almost  to  blindness — which  would 
have  hindered  most  men  from  public  business  and  political 
strife — he  was  supremely  happy  in  the  midst  of  it.  As  a 
politician  he  was  such  an  enthusiast  that  he  readily  sacri- 
ficed both  his  private  pleasures  and  personal  convenience 
in  attending  political  meetings.  In  1880  he  contested  the 
representation  of  the  Border  burghs  in  the  conservative 
interest,  but  was  defeated  by  Sir  George  Trevelyan.  Mr 
Elliot  was  a  Freemason,  and  held  high  office  both  in  the 
grand  lodge  of  Scotland  and  provincial  grand  lodge  of  the 
counties  of  Roxburgh  and  Selkirk.  With  his  usual  energy, 
he  identified  himself  with  the  volunteer  brigade  movement, 
and  joined  the  Border  mounted  rifles.  He  remained  in  the 
corps  until  it  was  disbanded.  In  agriculture  he  took  a  very 
keen  interest,  managing  two  large  farms  on  the  Wolflee 
estate,  and  also  representing  the  Border  district  at  the 
meetings  of  the  Highland  and  Agricultural  Society.  On 
the  death  of  his  father.  Sir  Walter,  Mr  Elliot  became 
laird  of  Wolflee.  In  1888  he  married  Emily  Grace, 
second  daughter  of  William  St  Lawrence  Gethin,  a  brother 
of  Sir  Richard  Gethin,  Bart.  His  sight,  never  good,  became 
worse,  and  he  lost  the  use  of  one  eye  entirely.  He  fought 
manfully  against  this  affliction,  still  attending  public  meet- 
ings without  assistance,  even  at  a  time  when  the  feeble 
glimmer  of  light  in  his  other  eye  was  all  but  extinguished. 
Death  overtook  him  on  the  14th  December,  1892,  in  the 
forty-seventh  year  of  his  age.^  He  was  buried  in  the 
family  aisle  at   Southdean,  17th  December,  1892,  and,  as 

^  Mr  Elliot  was  a  regular  attendant  at  the  meetings  of  the  Jedforest 
Club.  No  man  enjoyed  more  than  he  did  the  delights  of  friendly  inter- 
course and  the  pleasures  of  society. 


he  had  many  friends  and  was  very  popular,  his  funeral 
was  largely  attended. 

Major  Edward  Hay  Mackbnzib  Elliot,  the  third  son  of  Major  E.  H. 
Sir  Walter  Elliot,  was  bom  in  India  on  the  30th  of  Novem-  wolflee. 
her,  1852,  and,  with  his  brothers,  was  educated  at  Harrow. 
He  entered  the  Scottish  Borderers  militia  before  joining 
the  Sand  Regiment  (now  South  Lancashire)  in  1874.  Major 
Elliot  has  served  abroad  with  his  regiment,  at  the  Cape, 
in  the  Straits,  and  at  Hong-Kong.  In  January.  1894,  ^^ 
was  appointed  private  secretary  and  A.D.C.  to  the  Earl  of 
Glasgow,  Governor  of  New  Zealand.  In  the  same  year  he 
joined  the  Jedforest  Club.  He  is  thus  the  fourth  Elliot  of 
Wolflee  in  succession  who  has  been  a  member  of  this 
county  Club. 


The  Arkleton  Elliots  are  descended  from  the  third  son  of 
William  Elliot  of  Larriston.  The  whole  pedigree  of  this 
family  appears  in  Burke. 

Arkleton  was  sold  or  passed  out  of  the  family  of  Elliot 
about  the  year  1623,  and  Adam  Cunningham  became  the 
owner.  From  him  it  went  into  the  hands  of  Francis  Scott, 
and  was  acquired  either  by  purchase  or  by  marriage  by 
Walter  Elliot,  designed  of  Arkleton.  He  registered  arms  in 
1676.  In  1694,  ^^  executed  an  entail  of  Arkleton,  which,  on 
his  death  in  1702,  was  registered  by  his  third  son,  William, 
in  whose  favour  the  deed  was  drawn  out.  Next  in  the 
entail  was  Nichol,  the  fourth  son;  then  Walter,  the  sixth 
son;  afterwards  James,  the  fifth  son;  and  so  on,  to  the 
exclusion  of  Adam,  the  eldest  of  the  family. 

William  Elliot  of  Arkleton  was  born  in  1665,  married 
Anne  Ainslie,  and  died  in  1721.  He  had  among  other 
issue  a  son,  Adam,  who  succeeded. 

Adam  Elliot  of  Arkleton,  bom  in  1702,  married  Christina, 
daughter  of  William  Elliot  of  Thorleshope,  and  by  her  had 
a  son,  William. 


William  Elliot  of  Arkleton,  born  17351  was  a  doctor  of 
medicine,  and  resided  near  Jedburgh.  He  married,  first, 
Miss  Lindsay,  a  sister  of  Dr  Lindsay  of  Jedburgh,  but  had 
by  her  no  issue;  and,  secondly,  Cassandra,  daughter  of 
Robert  Elliot  of  Overtoun,  co-heiress  along  with  her 
sister  Margaret,  who  died  unmarried,  of  Thorleshope  and 
Overtoun.  By  this  marriage  he  left  three  sons  and  one 
daughter.  Thorleshope  was  sold  to  James  Jardine,  tenant 
of  Arkleton. 

Adam  Elliot,  born  1774,  appointed  to  the  22nd  Foot  as 
lieutenant,  in  1794.  The  regiment  was  employed  in  the 
West  Indies,  and  he  was  killed  on  service  there  in  1796  or 

Robert  Elliot,  born  in  I775»  who  succeeded,  and  of  whom 

William,  bom  1777.  He  became  an  army  surgeon,  and 
died  young. 

Margaret,  born  in  1779,  who  succeeded  to  Arkleton. 

Towards  the  close  of  last  century,  William  Elliot,  M.D., 
died,  and  it  was  not  until  about  1803,  that  Capt.  Robert 
Elliot,  of  the  5th  Bombay  Native  Infantry,  returned  home, 
and  took  possession  of  the  estate  of  Arkleton.*  He  had  seen 
active  service  with  his  regiment  at  the  siege  and  storming  of 
Seringapatam  in  the  6th  brigade,  under  Lieut. -Colonel 
Scott.  He  took  much  interest  in  the  Roxburghshire 
volunteers,  and  was  one  of  the  first  to  turn  out  in  response 
to  the  blazing  beacons  around  Hawick  on  that  memorable 
occasion.  The  Liddesdale  men,  who  represented  a  con- 
siderable portion  of  the  volunteers,  had  not  arrived  at  the 
rendezvous  as  soon  as  was  expected,  and  Capt.  Elliot  galloped 

^  In  an  Army  List  of  1797,  Lieut.  Adam  Elliot,  of  the  22nd  regiment  of 
Foot,  still  appears ;  therefore,  it  is  probable  that  he  died  that  year,  as  in 
1798  his  name  is  removed  from  the  list. 

Inqutsitiems  Gtntralis,  August  23,  1631,  Archibald  Eliot,  heir  to  John 
Eliot  in  Arkletoun.  his  father. 

Arkeltowne  belonged  to  Francis  Scott  in  1663.  He  granted  a  bond  to 
Isobel  Ker,  wife  of  George  Douglas  of  Bonjedert. 


off  to  meet  them.  It  was'  from  this  circumstance  that  an 
accident  arose,  for  on  turning  sharply  round  the  Tower 
comer  in  Hawick,  the  captain  came  in  violent  collision  with 
a  young  man,  Kerr,  who  resided  at  Whithaugh ;  the  shock 
was  severe,  both  men  being  thrown  from  their  horses.  Vid$ 
"The  Narrative  of  the  False  Alarm,  1804." 

Captain  Elliot,  during  his  furlough,  lived  at  Stewartiield, 
Jedburgh,  with  his  sister  Margaret;  and  it  was  here  that 
Margaret  married,  in  1807,  Adam  Scott,  insurance  broker  in 
London,  third  son  of  the  Rev.  William  Scott  of  Soutbdean. 
At  the  expiration  of  his  furlough  Capt.  Elliot  returned  to 
India,  and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major.  In  1810,  he 
accompanied  the  expedition  to  the  Isle  of  France,  and  on  his 
arrival  was  appointed  barrack-master  general  of  the  Isle  of 
Bourbon.  He  volunteered  his  services  to  the  captain  of 
H.M.S.  "Afracaine,"  who  was  attacked  by  two  French 
frigates,  the  "  Iphigenia  "  and  the  "  L'Astria,"  off  the  Isle  of 
Bourbon.  In  this  desperate  action  Major  Elliot  and  many 
others  were  killed,  and  the  French  were  victorious.  After 
the  death  of  her  brothers,  Margaret  was  served  heir,  and 
assumed  the  name  of  Elliot  conjointly  with  that  of  Scott. 
She  died  on  the  18th  of  March,  181 6,  in  Thistle  Street, 
Edinburgh.  Her  husband,  Adam  Scott,  became  a  member  Adam  Scott 
of  the  Club  in  181 8,  and  died  at  Edinburgh,  in  December,  ^f^\y 
1 82 1.  They  left  a  son  and  a  daughter.  The  son,  William 
Scott-Elliot,  now  of  Arkleton,  born  22nd  March,  181 1, 
represents  Scott  of  Bonchester  and  Elliot  of  Arkleton.  He 
married,  in  1848,  Margaret,  daughter  of  L.  A.  Wallace,  and 
is  a  writer  to  the  signet.  His  eldest  son,  William,  was  born 
in  1849. 

The  Rev.  William  Scott,  minister  of  Southdean  parish, 
was  a  younger  brother  of  Thomas  Scott  of  Bonchester,  a 
family  who  for  a  long  period  owned  land  in  the  Rulewater 
district.  There  is  a  tradition  connected  with  this  clergyman, 
which  has  been  always  accepted  by  his  descendants  with 
unfaltering  faith.  It  is  to  the  following  effect: — The  Rev. 
William  Scott  was  riding  home  one  night  from  a  meeting  of 


presbytery,  in  company  with  two  other  clergymen.  Whes 
nearing  the  manse  of  Southdean,  there  passed  close  by  them 
a  figure  on  horseback,  so  real,  and  yet  so  unearthly,  that  the 
observers  felt  in  a  manner  paralysed,  and  unable  to  speak. 
They  had  not  gone  far,  when  the  weird  horseman  repassed  so 
close  as  to  be  distinctly  seen  by  all  three.  Mr  Scott  then 
remarked: — "Did  I  not  know  that  he  was  lying  on  his 
deathbed,  I  would  say  that  was  the  Abbot" — meaning 
Mr  Ker  of  Abbotrule — and  adding,  "if  he  comes  again  I 
will  strike  him  with  my  whip."  As  if  to  challenge  his  valour 
the  figure  passed  for  the  third  time.  Mr  Scott  raising  his 
whip  to  strike,  found  his  arm  fall  powerless  by  his  side.  On 
reaching  the  manse  the  nervous  and  terror-stricken  ministers 
related  the  occurrence.  The  death  of  Mr  Ker  was  intimated 
next  morning,  having  taken  place,  as  near  as  could  be  judged, 
at  the  very  moment  that  his  wraith  appeared. 

The  Rev.  William  Scott  died  at  Southdean  manse  in  1809, 
in  the  seventy-second  year  of  his  age,  and  the  forty-eighth  of 
his  ministry. 


Erskine  is  a  surname  which  has  been  much  distinguished 
in  Scottish  history,  both  in  matters  of  Church  and  State. 

The  Erskines  of  Shielfield  are  descended  from  Robert, 
third  Lord  Erskine,  who  was  killed  at  Flodden  in  I5i3. 
He  had  three  sons:  Robert,  master  of  Erskine,  who  died 
before  his  father ;  John,  who  succeeded  as  /ourth  Lord 
Erskine,  and  died  in  1552 ;  and  James  Erskine  of  Little 
Sauchie  and  Balgownie,  who  married  Christian  Stirling, 
and  by  her  had  four  sons.  The  youngest  of  these  sons, 
Alexander,  married,  in  1559,  Elizabeth  Haliburton,  only 
child  and  heiress  of  Walter  Haliburton  of  Shielfield  and 
Agnes  Stewart  his  wife.* 

Alexander  Erskine,  first  of  Shielfield,  died  in  1580. 

Ralph  Erskine,  second  of  Shielfield,  succeeded  as  heir  to 

1  Daughter  of  James  Stewart,  Abbot  of  Dryburgh.    To  this  couple  there 
was  a  grant  of  the  lands  of  Nether  Shielfield  in  1537  by  the  said  abbot. 


his  father  on  the  aoth  January,  1580.  He  married,  first, 
Isabella  Caimcross,  by  whom  he  had  seven  children,  and, 
secondly,  Janet  Wilson.  By  his  latter  wife  he  left  five 
children.  He  died  on  the  Z3th  February,  1645,  and  his 
wife  in  the  following  September.  He  was  succeeded  by 
his  eldest  son  by  his  first  wife. 

John  Erskine,  third  of  Shielfield,  was  born  26th  August, 
1589,  and  married  Margaret  Sinclair  of  Banks  in  1609.^ 
His  second  wife,  whom  he  married  on  28th  March,  1617, 
was  Margaret  Haliburton,  daughter  of  James  Haliburton ; 
she  died  on  12th  December,  1668.  John  himself  departed 
this  life  four  years  later  (on  i6th  December,  1672).  His 
half-brother  was  the  Rev.  Henry  Erskine  of  Chirnside; 
he  was  bom  at  Dryburgh  on  the  22nd  August,  1624,  and 
married  Margaret  Halcro'  in  1674.  It  is  interesting  to  note 
that  this  clergyman  was  the  father  of  the  two  celebrated 
divines,  Ebenezer  and  Ralph  Erskine,  the  founders  of  the 
secession  in  Scotland. 

Ebenezer  Erskine  was  born  at  Dryburgh  house,  22nd 
June,  1680.  When  fourteen  years  of  age  he  was  sent  to  the 
University  of  Edinburgh,  where  he  held  a  bursary  on  the 
presentation  of  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  and  in  September, 
1703,  he  was  ordained  minister  of  Portmoak.  In  the  various 
religious  controversies  of  the  period  he  took  a  leading  part. 
He  soon  became  famous.  Crowds  of  all  denominations 
flocked  to  hear  him  preach,  and  the  high  estimation  in  which 
Mr  Erskine  was  held  procured  him  "  a  call  *'  to  the  West 
Church  at  Stirling,  which  he  accepted  in  173 1.  During  the 
rebellion  of  1745,  Erskine  set  the  example  of  loyalty  by 
taking  an  active  part  in  support  of  the  Government.  The 
seceders  of  Stirling  formed  themselves  into  a  company,  and 
Mr  Erskine,  fully  accoutred,  mounted  guard  in  defence  of 
the  town.      Stirling  was  taken  by  the  rebels,  and  Erskine 

1  Contract  of  marriage  of  Margaret  Sinclair,  sister  of  John  Sinclair  of 
Banks,  and  John  Erskine,  signed  at  Edinburgh  and  Stirling,  28  and  31 
October,  1609.    In  1630,  John  Erskine  is  called  of  *'  Nether  Shielfield." 

*  Vide  the  Erskine-Halcro  genealogy,  by  £.  £.  Scott. 


then  preached  to  his  congregation  in  the  wood  of  Tullibody, 
some  miles  to  the  north.  In  1746  he  headed  two  companies 
of  seceders  against  the  Pretender,  and  received  a  special 
letter  of  thanks  from  the  Duke  of  Cumberland.  He  died 
on  the  2nd  June,  1754,  and  a  statue  of  him  is  placed  in  the 
United  Presbyterian  Synod  Hall,  Edinburgh. 

Ralph,  a  younger  brother  of  Ebenezer,  was  born  at  Moni- 
laws,  a  village  in  Northumberland,  on  the  15th  March,  1685. 
He  was  also  educated  for  the  Church,  and  eventually  became 
minister  of  the  Collegiate  Church  of  Dunfermline.  He 
followed  in  his  brother's  footsteps  and  joined  himself  to  the 
seceders  in  1737,  and  was  accordingly  deposed  by  the 
General  Assembly.  He  died  on  the  6th  November,  1752, 
and  a  monument  to  his  memory  was  formally  inaugurated 
at  Dunfermline  on  the  27th  June,  1849 — nearly  a  hundred 
years  after  his  death.     Vide  "  Anderson's  Scottish  Nation." 

James  Erskine,  fourth  of  Shielfield,  son  of  John,  the 
third  laird,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas 
Carre  of  Cavers,  in  1656.  He  had  a  brother,  William,  who 
died  about  1693,  ^^^  ^^^  married  a  sister  of  William 
Cranstoun  of  Nether  Huntliewood. 

John  Erskine,  fifth  of  Shielfield,  son  of  James,  the  fifth 
laird,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Scott  of 
Ancrum;^  he  died  174-,  leaving  a  son  and  five  daughters 
surviving.  His  brother  Henry  was  a  clergyman,  of  whom 
I  shall  speak  presently. 

Patrick  Erskine,  sixth  of  Shielfield,  son  of  John,  the  fifth 
laird,  is  styled  "Doctor."  He  was  the  second  son,  but 
succeeded  to  the  estate,  owing  to  his  elder  brother,  when 
a  boy,  having  been  killed  by  a  fall  from  his  horse.  Patrick 
died  at  Dryburgh  on  the  15th  August,  1777. 

Rev.  James  Erskine,  seventh  of  Shielfield,  succeeded  his 
cousin.  He  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Henry  Erskine,  who 
married  Janet,   daughter  of  the   Rev.   Robert  Cunningham 

1  Elizabeth   was   daughter  of  Sir   John    Scott.  Bart.,  by  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Francis  Scott  of  Mangerton. 


of  Hawick  parish.  The  Reiv.  James  Erskine  married 
Henrietta  Scott,  and  succeeded  his  father  as .  minister  of 
Roberton  in  I774»  and  was  transferred  by  the  Duke  of 
Buccleuch,  in  1786,  to  the  parish  of  St  Boswells.  He  left 
three  sons,  Henry,  Charles,  and  William.  Mrs  Erskine,  who 
was  a  daughter  of  the  laird  of  Goldielands,  died  in  1818,  at 
the  age  of  seventy-nine.  The  Rev.  Mr  Erskine  only  lived  a 
little  over  two  years  after  his  change  to  St  Boswells,  and 
died  on  the  28th  August,  1788,  at  the  comparatively  early 
age  of  fifty-five.     He  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son. 

Lieut.-Colonel  Henry  Erskine,  the  eighth  of  Shielfield,  Licut.-CoL 
was  born  in   1768,  and  entered  the  army  as  ensign  in  the  Erskine  of 
Royal  Scots,  (or  ist  Regiment  of  Foot),  on  the  20th  January,   Shielfield. 
1790.     In  1794,  he  was  promoted  to  a  company  in  the  Old 
Scotch  Brigade.     Col.  Erskine  sold  Dryburgh  House,  and 
resided  at  Stewartfield  until  18 16.     He  died,  9th  November, 
1819,  aged  fifty.    The  following  notification  of  his  death 
appeared  in  the  Edinburgh  Advertise  of  that  date: — *'  At  his 
house,  Coates  Crescent,  Edinburgh,  on  the  9th  inst.,  Lieut.- 
Col.   Henry  Erskine  of  Shielfield."     He  was  an  original 
member  of  the  Club,  and  took  much  interest  in  its  formation. 
He  left  no  family,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  brother. 

Charles  Erskine,  ninth  of  Shielfield,  was  born  in  1771.  Charles 
By  profession  he  was  a  writer,  and  held  the  appointment  of  g^elfidd. 
baron  bailie  of  Melrose,  and  resided  at  the  Priory  there. 
He  married,  at  Borthwickshiels,  Barbara,  only  daughter  of 
the  late  George  Pott  of  Todrig,  on  the  24th  January,  1806. 
Mr  Erskine  died  suddenly  of  apoplexy,  in  Jedburgh,  on  the 
26th  January,  1825,  aged  54.  He  had  attended  a  court  that 
day  apparently  in  his  usual  health. 

Mr  Erskine,  who  was  always  fond  of  society,  was  also 
an  original  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  and  was  of  the 
number  who  assembled,  in  1 810,  at  its  inauguration.  The 
letters  which  fdUow  are  interesting,  as  showing  the  friend- 
ship which  existed  between  Erskine  and  Sir  Walter  Scott.. 


Copy  of  a  letter,  dated  on  the  back,  "  2otli  May,  1824.* 

"  Castle  Street,  20ih  May, 
'*  Dear  Mr  Curie. — ^Your  note  gave  me  pleasure,  as  I  had  been  for  two 
days  very  anxious  about  the  health  of  my  very  old  and  excellent  friend, 
Charles  Erskine,  having  heard  a  confused  and  alarming  account  of  his 
attack.  I  am  in  great  hopes  that  the  danger  is  now  over,  and  that  his 
convalescence  will  be  progressive.  It  is  an  awful  visitation.  I  am  glad 
the  ice  house  was  of  use — ^it  is  the  second  time  that  this  place,  which  I 
accounted  a  mere  luxury,  has  been  beneficial  to  a  valued  friend's  recovery. 
If  Mr  Usher  wishes  to  have  more  money,  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  let  me 
know,  and  I  beg  to  know  particularly  how  Mr  Erskine  goes  on. 

"  Yours  truly  (signed)  Walter  Scott.*' 

The  last  portion  of  the  above  letter  probably  refers  to  part 
of  the  price  of  Toftfield,  which  belonged  to  the  Ushers,  and 
was  sold  by  John  Usher  to  Sir  Walter  Scott. 

Sir  Walter  Scott's  letters,  vol.  ii.  p.  239. — Extract  from  a 
letter  to  his  son  Charles,  written  from  Edinburgh,  17th 
February,  1825. 

'*  Joy  and  grief  mingle  strangely  together  in  this  world.  I  have  lost  my 
good  and  tried  friend,  Charles  Erskine.  He  died  of  an  apopleptic  fit.  .  .  . 
The  day  before  he  died  he  had  written  me  a  most  kind  letter  on  Walter's 
marriage,  begging  to  know  the  very  day,  as  he  meant,  notwithstanding 
his  rq^en,  to  drink,  at  least,  one  bumper  that  day.  Alas,  the  day  before 
the  wedding  was  that  of  poor  Charles's  burial." 

Charles  Erskine  held  the  office  of  sheriff-substitute  of 
Selkirkshire,  under  Sir  Walter.  The  value  of  the  office  was 
about  ;^300  a  year. 

Mr  Charles  Erskine  left,  among  other  issue,  two  sons : — 
James,  who  succeeded ;  and  Colonel  George  Pott  Erskine, 
who  married  Jane,  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  G.  Coventry,  for 
many  years  incumbent  of  Trinity  Church,  Dean  Bridge, 

James  Jambs  Erskinb,  tenth  of  Shielfield,  bom  in  z8io,  succeeded 

lufi!?*J?^       to  his  father's  business,  and  was  a  partner  in  the  well  known 

firm  of  Curie  &  Erskine,  writers.  He  was  appointed 
baron  bailie  of  Melrose,  an  office  now  extinct.  He  married, 
in  1841,  his  cousin  Barbara  Pott,  of  the  Borthwickshiels 
family.      Mr    Erskine    did   not  become  a  member  of  the 



Jedforest  Club  until  late  in  life,  the  date  of  his  election  being 
5th  October,  1869.     He  died  in  1875. 

Charles  Erskine,  eleventh  of  Shielfield,  succeeded  his 
iather.  He  was  educated  for  the  law,  but  never  practised. 
Mr  Erskine  was  bom  in  1843,  and  was  married,  in  1878,  to 
Margaret  Catherine,  daughter  of  Edward  John  Alderman 
of  Forbury  Grove,  Berks.  They  also  reside  at  the  Priory, 




TAMES  FAIR,  a  Jedburgh  writer,  purchased  the  estate 
^  of  Langlee,  on  Jed,  and  built  a  house  which  is  now 
incorporated  in  the  present  handsome  mansion.  He  also 
laid  out  the  grounds  and  planted  most  of  the  timber  which 
adds  greatly  to  the  beauty  of  the  situation.  Mr  Fair  mar- 
ried Catherine  Lookup,  who  survived  her  husband  for  many 
years;  he  died  at  Langlee  in  1796,  and  she  also  died  there 
on  the  27th  April,  1834,  aged  97  years.  When  the  British 
Linen  Banking  Company  first  established  a  branch  in  Jed- 
burgh, Blind  Fair,  as  he  was  commonly  called,  became  the 
bank's  agent.  His  sight  had  been  much  injured  through 
the  treatment  of  a  quack  doctor.  He  had,  amongst  others, 
two  sons,  William  and  James,  and  a  daughter,  Margaret, 
who  died  at  Langlee,  April  6th,  1849,  aged  82. 

James  Fair,  younger  brother  of  William,  served  for  many 
years  in  the  militia.  Lieutenant  Fair  of  the  Dumfriesshire 
militia  was  stationed  in  Jedburgh  in  the  year  181 3  on  the 
recruiting  service.  At  the  close  of  the  Peninsular  war,  in 
1814,  he  retired  from  the  service  and  took  the  farm  of 
Lustruther,  and  died  in  Jedburgh. 

William  Fair       WiLLiAM  Fair  of  Langlee  assisted  his  father  during  his 
o        g  ^«      lifetime,  and  afterwards  carried  on  the  agency  of  the  British 

Linen  Co.  Bank.  Like  his  brother,  James,  he  was  fond  of 
soldiering,  and  served  in  the  Roxburghshire  volunteers  at 
the  beginning  of  the  century.  He  turned  out  at  the  head 
of  his  company  when  they  assembled  at  Jedburgh  on  the 
eventful  occasion  of  the  false  alarm.  Mr  Fair  lived  with  a 
maiden  sister  at  Langlee  and  never  married.  At  his  death 
he  left  the  property  to  his  kinsman,  James  Shortreed,  who 
took  the  additional  name  of  Fair. 



Joseph  Fairfax  of  Windlesham,  county  of  Surrey,  had  a 
son  William,  bom  in  1738. 

William  G.  Fairfax  at  the  age  of  twelve  entered  the  Royal 
Navy.  In  the  year  T759  he  served  at  the  taking  of  Quebec. 
As  captain  of  the  "  Venerable,"  he  fought  at  the  battle  of 
Camperdown  in  October,  1797,  and  was  created  by  his 
Majesty  George  III.,  a  knight-banneret  for  distinguished 
services  on  that  occasion.  Sir  William  married,  in  1767, 
Hannah,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Spears;  she  died  in 
1770.  He  married,  secondly,  in  1772,  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Samuel  Charters,  solicitor  of  customs  in  Scotland.  In 
September,  1803,  Sir  William  G.  Fairfax's  name  appears 
as  a  captain  in  the  *'  Kirkalday  Volunteers."  He  died, 
November  7th,  1813,  as  a  vice-admiral,  and  had,  with  other 
children  who  died  young,  two  sons,  Samuel  and  Henry,  and 
a  daughter,  Mary.  Lady  Fairfiax  survived  her  husband, 
and  died  in  1832. 

Samuel  Fairfax,  eldest  son  of  Sir  William,  died  at  Calcutta 
on  November  19th,  1795 — vide  Edinburgh  Advertiser. 

Henry  Fairfax,  the  only  surviving  son  of  Sir  William  G. 
Fairfax,  was  created  a  baronet  in  1836  by  King  William 
IV.,  for  the  important  and  valuable  services  of  his  father, 
the  admiral.  He  entered  the  army  in  1808,  and  served  with 
the  49th  Foot;  in  the  year  1810  he  joined  the  old  95th,  now 
Rifle  Brigade,  in  which,  for  a  short  period,  he  served  in  the 
Peninsula,  and  was  at  the  retreat  from  Madrid  in  1812. 
He  eventually  became  major  of  the  85th  and  brevet-colonel 
in  1841  ;  he  died  in  i860.  Sir  Henry  married,  in  1830,  the 
third  daughter  of  Thomas  Williamson,  afterwards  William- 
son -  Ramsay  of  Lixmount,  county  of  Edinburgh,  and  of 
Maxton,  in  Roxburghshire ;  she  died  in  1844.  He  married, 
next,  Sarah,  eldest  daughter  of  W.  Astell,  M.P.,  Bedford- 
shire.    By  his  first  wife  he  had  three  sons  and  a  daughter. 

Mary,  the  only  daughter  of  Admiral  Sir  William  Fairfax, 
married  Samuel  Grieg,  Russian  consul  for  Britain,  son  of 
Sir  Samuel  Grieg,  high  admiral  of  Russia.    Samuel  Grieg 



died  in  1806,  aged  29,  leaving  an  only  surviving  son, 
Woronzow.  Mary,  now  a  widow,  married  her  cousin,  Dr 
William  Somerville,  in  1812.  She  was  one  of  the  most 
scientific  women  of  her  day,  and  her  life  has  been  written 
by  her  daughter — vide  Somerville  Memoir. 

The  family  of  Colonel  Sir  Henry  Fairfax,  Bart.,  are  as 
follows : — 

Colonel  Sir  William  G.  H.  T.  Ramsay  Fairfax,  Bart., 
born  1831. 

Thomas  Edward,  bom  1832,  Bengal  Civil  Service  and 
barrister;   died  unmarried,  1882. 

Sir  Henry,  R.N. — of  whom  presently. 

Elizabeth  Mary  Somerville,  born  December  7th,  1835,  at 
40  Albany  Street,  Edinburgh,  married  in  1861  to  James  L. 
Gregory.  He  died  in  1863,  leaving  a  son,  Henry,  born  in 
1862,  who  died  in  1881.  Mrs  Gregory  married  again,  in 
1884,  Col-  ^*  Marshall  Cochrane — vide  **  Dundonald  Peer- 

Admiral  Sir  Admiral  Sir  Henry  Fairfax,  K.C.B.,  was  born  January 
K.C.B.,  of*  2ist,  1837.  He  entered  the  Royal  Navy  on  December  7th, 
Ravenswood.  ig^o,  became  a  captain  in  1868,  rear-admiral  in  1885,  and 
admiral  in  1897.  ^^  ^^^  resides  at  Ravenswood,  on  the 
south  side  of  the  Tweed,  opposite  its  junction  with  the 
Leader.  The  house  was  built  in  1827,  but  additions  have 
been  made  at  various  times.  Old  Melrose,  which  forms 
part  of  the  estate,  is  the  site  of  the  original  convent  of 
Melrose,  founded  by  St  Cuthbert.  Sir  Henry  married,  in 
1872,  Harriet,  youngest  daughter  of  Sir  David  Kinloch, 
Bart.,  of  Gilmerton.  He  is  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  a 
deputy-lieutenant,  and  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest 
Club  in  1896.  He  represents  East  Melrose  in  the  county 
council.  The  naval  services  of  Admiral  Sir  Henry  Fairfax 
are  copied  from  the  Royal  Navy  List : — 

"  He  served  in  the  '  Amphitrite '  on  two  voyages  to  Behring's  Straits 
and  the  Arctic  Sea,  to  communicate  with  the  Arctic  ship,  'Plover," 
reaching  lat.  70'  40"  N.,  within  40  miles  of  Point  Barrow ;  while  in  'Ariel,* 
S.E.  coast  of  Africa,  was  constantly  employed  on  boat  service,  and  for  his 


disdnguislMd  conduct  on  several  occasions,  especially  in  the  capture  of  a 
piratical  slaver,  '  their  Lordships,  wishing  to  express  their  high  sense  of 
Lieutenant  Fairfax's  great  gallantry,  promoted  him  to  the  rank  of  Com- 
mander.' Sat  on  a  committee  at  the  Foreign  Office  on  the  East  African 
Slave  Trade,  1869-70 ;  accompanied  Sir  Bartle  Frere  as  Naval  Attache  on 
his  special  mission  to  the  Sultan  of  Zanzibar  and  Muscat,  1872-73; 
Private  Secretary  to  the  First  Lord  of  the  Admiralty,  1873-74 ;  Captain  of 
"  Volage ; '  conveyed  the  astronomical  expedition  to  Kerguelen  (Desolation 
Island)  for  observation  of  the  Transit  of  Venus,  1874-75 ;  Senior  Officer 
on  the  South-East  Coast  of  America,  1875 ;  recalled  in  1877  to  take  com- 
mand of  the  '  Britannia,'  while  Prince  Albert  Victor  and  Prince  George  of 
Wales  were  on  board;  C.B.  (Civil);  F.R.G.S.;  Aide-de-Camp  to  the 
Queen,  December,  1881,  to  July,  1885 ;  Captain  of  the  '  Monarch'  at  the 
bombardment  of  Alexandria,  nth  July,  1882 ;  (Egyptian  Medal,  Khedive's 
Bronxe  Star,  Osmanish  3rd  Class) ;  C.B.  for  this  service ;  was  in  command 
of  the  Naval  and  Marine  Forces  that  seized  and  occupied  Port  Said  on 
'20th  August,  1882;  remaining  there  for  the  preservation  of  order;  on 
ieaving  Port  Said,  February,  1883,  received  through  H.  M.  Agent  and 
Consul-General  the  thanks  of  the  Egyptian  Government  for  the  manner 
in  which  public  security  had  been  maintained;  Commander-in-Chief, 
Australian  Station,  ist  February,  1887,  to  September,  1889 ;  a  Lord  Com- 
missioner of  the  Admiralty,  24th  October,  1889,  ^o  May,  1892 ;  member  of 
a  Committee  appointed  by  the  Admiralty  to  take  evidence  and  report  upon 
the  manning  of  the  Navy,  189X ;  Senior  Officer  in  command  of  the  Channel 
Squadron,  loth  May,  1892,  to  loth  May,  1894;  commanded  the  Red  Fleet 
-in  the  Naval  Manoeuvres  of  1892,  and  the  Red  Fleet  also  in  the  Naval 
Manceuvres  of  1893 ;  K.C.B.  on  Her  Majesty's  birthday,  25th  May,  1896." 

Captain  Michael  Edwin  Fell  rented  The  Holmes,  on  Capt.  M.  E. 

Fell  The 

Tweedside,  from  the  Earl  of  Buchan,  and  was  the  youngest  Holmes. 
son  of  the  Rev.  Dr  William  Fell,  rector  of  Brereton, 
Cheshire;  and  also  of  Sheepy,  Leicestershire.  During  his 
residence  at  The  Holmes,  he  became  a  member  of  the 
Jedforest  Club,  on  the  27th  September,  1820.*  The  Duke 
of  Rutland,  who  was  colonel-commandant  of  the  Leicester 
militia,  conferred  a  captain's  commission  upon  Mr  Fell, 
dated  6th  May,  1812.  He  volunteered  for  active  service, 
and  a  hundred  of  his  men  elected  to  accompany  him.  This 
circumstance  entitled  him  to  hold  a  captain's  commission  in 
the  Line.  Captain  Fell  was  transferred  with  his  men,  in 
1813,  to  the  2nd  Provisional  Battalion  of  Militia,  and  shortly 

^  Capt.  Fell  gave  up  The  Holmes,  and  left  Roxburghshire,  in  1822 



Lieut.  Peter 


afterwards  joined  the  army  under  Wellington,  and  was 
present  at  the  battle  of  Toulouse.  This  decisive  battle 
brought  the  Peninsular  war  to  a  close,  and  on  the  army 
returning  home,  in  1814,  the  2nd  Provisional  Battalion  was 
reduced,  and  Captain  Fell  placed  on  half-pay.  He  died 
in  London,  in  1837,  ^^  ^^^  ^B^  of  fifty-seven. 

Peter  Forbes  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club, 
on  the  26th  April,  1826.  He  was  the  son  of  William  Forbes 
who,  towards  the  close  of  last  century,  was  keeper  of  the 
Records  of  the  City  of  Edinburgh.  Peter  Forbes  obtained 
a  commission  as  ensign  in  the  95th  Regiment  of  Foot,  in 
August,  181 7,  and  was  placed  on  half-pay  as  lieutenant  of 
the  same  regiment,  in  January,  1819.  He  married,  on  April 
30th,  1 82 1,  at  Edinburgh,  Mary,  daughter  of  the  late 
Richard  Philp,  distiller,  Doll,  and  of  Margaret  Grieve.  Mrs 
Forbes  died  in  September  1853,  and  Mr  Forbes  on  January 
13th,  1858 — both  at  their  house,  18  Hart  Street,  Edinburgh. 
They  had  two  daughters — Margaret,  who  married  George 
Stark,  and  died  22nd  November,  1848,  and  Jane,  who 
married  James  Kemp  Chalmers,  and  died  on  June  12th, 

In  the  year,  1847,  Major  Forbes,  who  was  then  a  tenant 
of  the  Marquis  of  Lothian,  having  taken  Bonjedward  House 
for  a  residence,  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club. 
There  is  no  further  information  about  this  gentleman. 

Gerard  of 

Archibald  Gerard  of  Rochsoles,  Lanarkshire,  was  bom 
on  July  8th,  1812.  He  was  the  second  son  of  Lieut.-Col.^ 
John  Gerard  of  Rochsoles,  by  Dorothea  Montague,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  Archibald  Alison.  In  1837  his  elder  brother^ 
Lieut.  Alexander  Gerard,  70th  Regiment  of  Foot  (who  had 

^  Lieut. -Col.  Gerard,  H.E.I.C.S..  Adjutant-General,  was  wounded  at  the 
battle  of  Laswarree  in  1803,  under  General,  afterwards  Lord,  Lake. 


succeeded  to  Rochsoles  cm  the  death  of  his  father),  was 
accidentally  drowned  in  the  Nile ;  the  estates  consequently 
devolved  upon  his  next  brother,  Archibald.  In  August, 
1839,  Archibald  Gerard  of  Rochsoles  married  the  eldest 
daughter  (and  co-heiress  with  her  younger  sister,  Mrs 
Nugent,  wife  of  John  J.  Nugent  of  Clonlost,  county  West- 
meath)  of  Sir  John  Robison,^  Sec.  R.S.E.,  K.H.,  of 
Edinburgh.  Mr  Gerard  was  lieutenant-colonel  of  the 
Lanarkshire  yeomanry  cavalry,  and  was  also  a  justice 
of  the  peace  and  deputy-lieutenant  for  the  same  county. 
His  name  appeared  as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  on 
the  27th  of  August,  1845,  during  such  time  as  he  resided 
at  Chesters  (on  the  Teviot),  the  seat  of  Mr  Ogilvie. 


Jambs  Giles,  bom  at  Leith  in  1816,  was  the  son  of  a  James  Giles 
wealthy  brewer  of  the  same  name,  upon  whose  death  he  o^^^*^"«- 
succeeded  to  a  considerable  fortune.  About  the  year  1841 
Mr  Giles  purchased  the  estate  of  Kailzie,  in  Peeblesshire, 
for  the  sum  of  ;^43,ooo.  Soon  after  this  purchase  he  married 
Jessie,  the  eldest  daughter  of  John  Scotland,  writer  to  the 
signet,  for  many  years  factor  on  the  Earl  of  Home's  estates 
in  Roxburghshire,  and  who  pre-deceased  her  husband,  with- 
out  issue,  in  i88x.  Mr  Giles  thereafter  married  Mrs  Ainslie, 
a  widow  with  three  children.  He  died  at  Jersey  in  1891. 
Mr  Giles  sold  the  estate  of  Kailzie  to  William  Connel  Black, 
late  captain  Royal  Scots  Greys,  for  a  rather  larger  sum  than 
he  paid  for  it. 

The  family  of  Giles  was  well  known  in  Leith  during  the 
last  century  and  the  first  half  of  this ;  they  took  a  prominent 
part  in  the  management  of  the  burgh,  and  were  extensive 
owners  within  its  boundaries.  A  street  called  *'  Giles  Street*' 
still  serves  to  recal  the  family  name.  Mr  Giles  was  admitted 
a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1846. 

^  In  St  John's  Church,  Prhices  Street,  Edinburgh,  there  is  a  monumeot 
to  the  tmuaory  of  Sir  John  RoUson. 




GilfiUan  of 



Jambs  Gilpillan,  a  Liverpool  merchant,  purchased  the 
estate  of  Cowdenknowes,  in  November,  1841,  from  Dr  James 
Home,  with  consent  of  the  trustees  for  his  creditors.  His 
name  appears  on  the  list  of  members  of  the  Jedforest  Club 
in  1842.  Mr  GilfiUan,  when  a  young  man,  was  thrown 
together  in  business  with  Robert  Cotesworth,  a  London 
merchant,  with  whom  he  eventually  became  very  intimate* 
Having  no  near  relations  of  his  own,  he  left  his  estate  on 
his  death  to  William  Cotesworth,  his  friend's  second  son» 
subject,  however,  to  the  liferent  by  his  father,  who,  in  1847^ 
had  experienced  some  serious  losses  in  business. 


Thomas  Gordon  was  born  in  Dumfries  in  November^ 
1809.  Having  some  mercantile  connections  in  the  East,  he 
went  out  to  India  when  eighteen  years  of  age.  After  a  time 
he  settled  down  to  his  business  at  Mirzapore,  in  the  Benares 
district.  In  1854,  he  married  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter 
of  Archibald  Brown.  About  a  year  after  his  marriage,  he 
met  with  a  most  serious  carriage  accident,  which  resulted  in 
a  severe  fracture  of  the  hip  joint,  aixd  this  caused  him  much 
suffering  and  inconvenience  to  the  end  of  his  life.  During 
the  Indian  Mutiny  he  remained  at  his  post  at  Mirzapore^ 
and  calmly  waited  the  course  of  events,  although  alarming 
rumours  were  circulated  through  the  district.  Mr  Gordon 
finally  left  India  in  i860,  and  returned  to  Scotland.  In  May^ 
1864,  he  became  the  tenant  of  Hartrigge  House,  near 
Jedburgh,  the  property  of  Lord  Stratheden  and  Campbell^ 
and  remained  there  until  1872.  He  was  a  keen  sportsman, 
although  very  lame,  from  his  accident  in  India ;  extremely 
hospitable,  and  very  popular  in  the  district.  He  joined  the 
Jedforest  Club  in  1866,  but,  upon  his  leaving  Roxburghshire, 
he  retired  from  the  membership.  When  Her  Majesty  the 
Queen  visited  the  county,  she  drove  to  Hartrigge,  and 
remained  in  her  carriage  in  front  of  the  house  for  half  an 
hour,  accompanied  by  the   Duchess    of    Roxburghe.      Mr 


Gordon's  two  eldest  daughters,  then  little  girls,  presented 
Her  Majesty  with  a  bouquet  of  flowers.  During  his  sojourn 
near  Jedburgh  he  was  a  liberal  supporter  of  St  John's 
Episcopal  Church.  He  bought  a  house  in  Grosvenor 
Crescent,  Edinburgh,  in  1874,  where  he  died  in  February, 

In  the  year  1818,  the  two  principal  medical  practitioners  Dr  James 
in  Jedburgh  were  Doctor  Hilson  and  his  partner.  Doctor 
Grant.  The  latter,  who  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
Jedforest  Club  in  July,  1819,  had  a  delicate  constitution,  and 
was  ill  adapted  for  the  hard  work  of  a  country  doctor ;  but 
being  fond  of  his  profession,  he  was  determined  to  pursue  it. 
Dr  Grant,  when  a  bachelor,  occupied  No.  7  Abbey  Place, 
Jedburgh,  for  several  years.  Afterwards  he  bought  the 
residence  of  Friarbank,  which  he  added  to  and  improved. 
At  Edinburgh,  on  the  23rd  March,  1825,  he  married  Eleanor 
Maria  Anne,  second  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Elliot, 
rector  of  Wheldrake  and  Huggate,  Yorkshire,  and  of  Mary, 
his  wife,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Edmund  Garforth  of  Askham, 
Yorks.  The  Rev.  R.  Elliot  was  brother  of  Gilbert,  first 
Earl  of  Minto,^  by  Agnes  Kynynmound,  heiress  of  Melgund. 
In  1838,  Dr  Grant's  health  was  in  such  a  precarious  con- 
dition, that  he  was  recommended  to  leave  Scotland  for  a 
warmer  climate.  His  brother-in-law,  Gilbert  Elliot  (brother 
to  Stobs)  had  previously  arranged  to  go  to  Australia.  This 
induced  Dr  Grant  also  to  emigrate  to  the  same  colony. 
He  sold  his  house,  Friarbank,  to  Mr  Stevenson,  in  1839, 
and  sailed  at  once  for  Australia.  But  the  change  came  too 
late,  for  he  died  in  1840,  soon  after  his  arrival  there. 

A  certain  James   Grieve  is  described  as  factor  to  the 
Countess  of  Bothwell,  circa  1580;  from  him  is  descended 
Walter  Grieve,  who  married  Blanche,  daughter  of  William 

^  Vidi**  JjordMintor 



Borthwick  of  Reashaw,  in  the  county  of  Roxburgh  (she  i«as 
bom  in  1661  and  died  in  1716).  This  Walter  was  tenant 
of  Branxholm  Park,  and  signed  his  lease  in  1691.  He  was 
born  in  1646,  and  died  in  1721.  James  Grieve,  his  son, 
succeeded  him,  and  was  tenant  in  Todshawhaugh  as  well 
as  Branxholm  Park.  He  married  Helen,  daughter  of  John 
Laing  of  Wester  Keir,^  in  Dumfriesshire,  and  had  issue. 
Walter  Grieve,  succeeded  his  father.  He  was  bom  in  1710, 
and  married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Adam  Ogilvie  of  Hart- 
woodmyres,  Selkirkshire;  and  upon  her  death  he  married 
Magdaline,  daughter  of  John  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae. 
Walter's  youngest  brother  was  James  Grieve,  who  was 
born  in  17379  married  Janet  Scott  of  WoU,  and  died  in  1773* 
They  had  a  sister,  Jane  Grieve,  who  married  John  Elliot  of 
Southfield  and  The  Brough.  William  Elliot,  commonly 
called  "  The  Laceman,*'  a  manufacturer  of  gold  and  silver 
lace  to  George  I.,  was  uncle  to  John  Elliot,  and  his  daughter 
married  Sir  Gilbert  Eliott  of  Stobs. 


William  Gribvb,  who  was  bom  in  1796,  succeeded  his 
father  as  tenant  in  Branxholm  Park,  East  Buccleuch,  and 
Sundhope  in  Liddesdale,  all  belonging  to  his  Grace  the 
Duke  of  Buccleuch.  These  three  farms,  which  have  been 
farmed  together  for  several  generations,  are  well  known  hill 
grazings.  The  first  lease  was  granted,  as  already  stated,  in 
169X.  This  curious  old  document  is  signed  by  five  com- 
missioners of  Anne,  Duchess  of  Buccleuch  and  Monmouth, 

^  John  Laing  of  Wester  Keir,  in  the  parish  of  Westerkhrk.  whose  children 
were : — ^Walter  Laing,  chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  county  of 
Selkirk,  died  at  Todshawhaugh  on  the  zst  of  February,  1736,  aged  86 ; 
John  Laing  of  Flex,  who  lived  at  The  Roan,  and  was  chamberlain  to  the 
Duke  in  Liddesdale;  and  Helen,  who  married  James  Grieve,  Todshaw- 
haugh; another  daughter  married  Ogilvie  of  Briery-yards.  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Walter  I^ng.  married  John  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae.  whose 
sister  (Magdaline)  married  Walter  Grieve.  The  Elliots  of  Borthwickbrae 
by  diis  marriage  came  into  tiie  possession  of  Flex,  Old  Melrose,  ftc 
WiUiam  Laing  died  in  1774,  aged  58.  Gilbert  Laing,  merchant  of  St 
Petersburg,  left  his  money  and  other  property  also  to  the  family  of 


three  of  whom  are  called  Scott,  one  M^Arthur,  and  the  other 
David  Scrimgeour  of  Cartmore.  The  rent  agreed  upon  was 
four  hundred  merles.  William  Grieve  was  very  successful, 
his  well-bred  hill  stocks  being  in  great  demand,  and  always 
meeting  with  a  ready  sale.  He  was  not  a  great  competitor 
at  shows,  but  often  acted  as  judge,  and  as  a  valuator  at 
Whitsunday  deliveries  of  farm  stock.  He  was  president  of 
the  Teviotdale  Farmers*  Club  for  a  time,  and  took  generally 
an  active  part  in  all  local  agricultural  and  county  matters. 
His  great  forte  was  the  management  and  breeding  of  hill 
stock,  and  his  advice  was  often  sought  by  neighbouring 
farmers.  On  the  6th  of  September,  1839,  Mr  Grieve  was 
elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  He  was  a  con- 
sistent conservative  in  politics,  and  had  many  anecdotes  to 
relate  of  election  contests  in  old  days.  He  married  three 
times.  At  Elm  Cottage,  Elgin,  May  14th,  1840,  he  married 
Eliza  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Charles  Gordon,  and 
by  her  had  three  sons  and  one  daughter ;  and  by  his  second 
wife  he  had  one  son. 

His  eldest  surviving  son,  Charles  John  Gribvb,  now  c.  J.  Grieve 
represents  the  family  at  Branxholm  Park.  He  married,  in  ^ra^"™^ 
1870,  Elizabeth  Willing,  second  daughter  of  Charles  Alley ne, 
of  the  island  of  Barbadoes,  and  has  had  six  sons  and  seven 
daughters.  Mr  Grieve  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest 
Club  in  1898.  Two  of  his  sons  entered  the  Royal  Navy. 
Arthur,  at  the  age  of  seventeen,  a  midshipman  on  board  the 
flag-ship  *< Victoria*'  (Admiral  Tryon),  went  down  in  that 
ill-fated  vessel  with  the  greater  portion  of  her  crew  on  the 
22nd  of  June,  1893,  o^  Tripoli.  He  was  seen  by  the  quarter- 
master of  the  *'  Victoria  "  still  at  his  post  outside  the  chart- 
house,  attending  to  the  engine-room  telegraphs,  one  minute 
before  the  huge  battleship  took  her  final  plunge.  His 
brother,  to  whom  he  was  much  attached — senior  midship- 
man on  board  H.M.S.  **  Nile  "—witnessed  this  appalling 
catastrophe,  and  in  one  of  the  boats  of  his  ship  helped  to 
rescue  those  who  were  saved. 

248  4NNALS  OF  A  BORDER  CLUB.       . 


The  Waldie  family  (originally  spelt  Waltho)  is  first  men- 
tioned in  the  register  of  Kelso,  November,  1600,  on  the 
occasion  of  John  Waltho's  marriage  with  Bessie  Learmont* 
Thomas  Waltho  was  public  and  papal  notary  to  the  Abbey 
of  Kelso.  John  Waltho  had  a  son,  George,  who  succeeded 
his  father  to  a  considerable  portion  of  the  Marklands  of  Kelso,, 
and  was  alive  in  1652;  he  spelt  his  name  Waldie.  He 
obtained  a  charter  of  his  lands  from  the  Earl  of  Roxburgh  in 
1664.  His  descendant,  another  George,  died  in  1745,  leaving^ 
a  son,  John  Waldie,  who  was  born  in  1722,  and  is  designed 
of  Berryhill  and  Hayhope,  who  married  Jean,  eldest  daughter 
and  heiress  of  Charles  Ormiston  of  Hendersyde,  a  member 
of  an  old  Kelso  family.  That  estate  belonged  formerly  to  the 
Edmonstones  of  Ednam,  from  whom  it  had  been  purchased 
in  1715  by  the  Ormistons.  John  Waldie  died  in  I773>> 
leaving  a  son,  George,  who  was  born  in  1755. 

George  Waldie  of  Hendersyde  married  Anne,  eldest 
daughter  of  Jonathan  Ormiston  of  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  and 
died  in  1826.  He  left  one  son,  John,  and  three  daughters — 
Maria  Jane,  who  married  Richard  Griffith;  Charlotte,  who 
obtained  some  distinction  as  the  authoress  of  ''Rome  in 
the  Nineteenth  Century,"  and  of  "Waterloo  Days,"  and 
who  married  Stephen  Eaton  of  Stamford;^  and  Jane,  wh<> 
married  George  Edward  Watts,  afterwards  Admiral  Watts. 

John  Waldie,  bom  in  1781,  succeeded  his  father  in  1826^ 
and  altered  and  enlarged  Hendersyde  House  to  its  present 
form.  He  interested  himself,  throughout  his  life,  in  making 
a  large  collection  of  Italian  pictures,  and  added  considerably 

^  Mrs  Eaton  was  bom  in  1788,  and  died  in  1859.  ^^  popular  little 
book  on  Waterloo  has  been  recently  republished.  Mrs  Watts,  her  younger 
sister,  was  early  distinguished  for  taste  in  literature  and  art.  She  was 
extremely  clever  and  successful  in  her  artistic  studies,  and  many  of  her 
paintings  were  exhibited  at  the  Royal  Academy  and  British  Gallery.  She 
and  her  sister,  then  unmarried,  were  at  Brussels  during  the  battle  of 
Waterloo,  and  visited  the  field  almost  before  the  dead  were  interred.  Mrs 
Watts  made  a  sketch  of  the  field,  which  she  afterwards  published. 


to  the  library.   He  never  married,  and  in  1865  was  succeeded 
by  his  nephew,  George  Richard  Griffith. 

The  Griffith  family,  as  the  name  indicates,  was  originally 
Welsh— of  the  ancient  family  of  Griffith  of  Penryn — but  Sir 
Maurice  Griffith,  brother  of  the  Chancellor  of  North  Wales, 
who  had  been  banished  for  treason,  settled  in  Ireland  in  the 
beginning  of  the  seventeenth  century,  and  erected  Drumcar 
Castle,  near  the  town  of  Sligo.  Sir  Maurice  Griffith,  dying 
without  issue,  was  succeeded  by  his  nephew.  Colonel  Edward 
Griffith.  Colonel  Griffith  had  no  male  heirs,  and  the  estates, 
passed  into  the  English  families  of  his  daughters,  the 
Lady  Harrington  and  Lady  Rich;  his  brother,  the  Very 
Rev.  Dean  of  Ross,  becoming  the  sole  representative  of  the 
Griffith  family  in  Ireland. 

Dean  Griffith  married  M.  Leslie  of  Balquhair,  Scotland ; 
and  lived  at  Maiden  Hall,  county  Kilkenny.  He  had  two 
children,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Edward ;  he  was  in 
turn  succeeded  by  his  son  Richard  Griffith,  who,  in  i750> 
married  Elizabeth  Griffith  of  Glamorganshire.  Their  son 
Richard  succeeded  his  father,  and,  selling  Maiden  Hall, 
settled  at  Millicent,  county  Kildare.  In  1780  he  married 
Charity  Bramstone  of  Oundle,  Northamptonshire,  by  whom 
he  had  a  son,  Richard  John  Griffith,  and  three  daughters. 
He  was,  for  some  years,  an  influential  member  of  the  Irish 
House  of  Commons.  There  are  at  Hendersyde  Park  two 
fine  portraits  by  Romney  of  Richard  and  Charity  Griffith. 

Richard  John  Griffith,  born  in  1784,  had  a  long  and 
interesting  career.  In  his  early  life  he  spared  no  pains  to  fit 
himself  for  civil  engineering,  spending  some  years  in  practical 
mining  in  Cornwall,  and  afterwards  visiting  all  the  mining 
districts  in  England,  Wales,  and  Scotland.  While  at  New- 
castle-on-Tyne  he  met  Maria  Jane  Waldie  of  Hendersyde,  to 
whom  he  was  married  in  1812.  At  the  age  of  twenty-three, 
he  was  unanimously  elected  F.R.S.  of  Edinburgh,  and  at 
twenty-five  was  appointed  sole  commissioner  for  the  general 
valuation  of  rateable  property  in  Ireland;  subsequently 
he  became  chairman  of  the  Board  of  Public  Works — the 


period  of  the  Irish  famine,  in  1845,  being  especially  charac- 
terised by  anxious  and  unremitting  exertion.  Throughout 
his  public  employment,  Richard  Griffith  was  indefatigable  in 
the  work  of  perfecting  the  details  of  his  geological  map  of 
Ireland,  which  was  begun  in  181 2,  and  finally  completed  and 
published  in  a  fourth  edition  by  Her  Majesty's  Treasury  in 
1855 — a  work  described  by  the  president  of  the  Geological 
Society  in  London  as  ''one  of  the  most  remarkable  pro- 
ductions which  had  ever  been  e£Eected  by  a  single  geologist.*' 
In  recognition  of  his  public  and  geological  services,  Richard 
Griffith  was  created  a  baronet  in  1858 ;  he  died  in  1878. 

George  Richard  Griffith,  his  son,  bom  in  1820,  succeeded, 
through  his  mother,  the  eldest  sister  of  John  Waldie,  to  the 
Hendersyde  Park  estate  in  1865,  and  assumed  the  name  of 
Waldie  as  a  prefix.  He  was  married,  in  1849,  to  Eliza, 
youngest  daughter  of  Nicholas  P.  Leader,  M.P.,  of  Dromach, 
county  Cork,  and  had  one  son,  Richard  John,  and  two 
daughters,  Maria  Mona,  and  Mary  Isabel  Gwendolen.  He 
was  D.L.  for  Anglesea  in  1853,  ^^^  sheriff  in  i860.  He 
succeeded  his  father  in  1878,  and  died  in  1889. 

Sir  R.  J.  The  present  baronet.  Sir  Richard  John  Waldib-Griffith, 

Oriffith  ^'^^  ^™  ^°  April  14th,  1851 ;  educated  at  Radley  College, 

<^Ai^-  and  Jesus  College,  Cambridge ;  and  served  in  the  2nd  Dragoon 

Guards  (Queen's  Bays)  from  1872  to  1879,  of  which  regiment 
he  became  a  captain.  He  married,  in  1877,  Mary  Nena, 
youngest  daughter  of  General  Irwin  of  St  Catherine's  Park, 
Leixlip,  county  Dublin;  and  was  appointed,  in  1891,  lieut.- 
colonel  of  the  Border  Rifles,  a  position  which  he  still  holds. 
He  joined  the  membership  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1890. 
Sir  Richard  is  a  breeder  of  thoroughbred  horses,  in  which  he 
spares  neither  trouble  nor  expense. 

Hay  of  Smithfibld  is  descended  from  John,  third  Lord 
Hay  of  Yester,  by  the  heiress  of  Smithfield,  and  is  thus 
-connected  with  the  family  of  Tweeddale. 


Athole  Stanhope  Hay,  third  son  of  Sir  Robert  Hay  of  Athole  S. 
Smithfield  and  Haystoun,  county  of  Peebles,  was  bom  on  Marlefield. 
the  25th  of  March,  1861,  and  was  educated  at  Cheam 
School,  Surrey,  and  Repton,  Derbyshire.  He  married,  in 
January,  1890,  Margaret  Caroline,  daughter  of  the  late 
Sir  Edward  Cunard,  Bart.,  and  sister  of  Sir  Bache  Cun- 
ard.  Mr  Hay  has  two  sons,  the  elder  born  in  December, 
1890,  the  younger  in  September,  1892.  He  bought  Marie- 
field  from  the  Marquess  of  Tweeddale  in  November,  1890, 
and  having  improved  and  renovated  the  old  house,  he  has 
now  made  it  his  residence.  Marlefield,  or  Monsmaynes, 
as  it  was  called  at  the  beginning  of  last  century,  is  situ- 
ated between  Eckford  and  Cessford  and  formerly  belonged 
to  the  Bennets.  Sir  William  Bennet,  who  was  a  great 
patron  of  art  and  literature,  built  the  mansion-house  and 
entertained  there  the  poets  Allan  Ramsay  and  Thomson, 
who  were  both  his  intimate  friends.  Ramsay,  who  enjoyed 
his  visits  to  Marlefield,  wrote  to  Sir  William  the  following 
characteristic  letter  in  1722,  after  his  return  to  Edinburgh: — 

"Your  health,  long  days,  and  every  pleasure  your  soul  desires  be  ever 
your  portion.  While  you  trace  those  delightful  scenes  which  help  us  to 
imagine  what  Eden  was,  and  have  the  vast  satisfaction  to  behold  the 
success  of  your  own  designs,  I  (one  of  yours  and  Apollo's  meanest  slaves), 
forced  by  destiny  to  breathe  nothing  but  smoak,  and  hear  only  the  jarring 
noise  of  that  specie  of  mankind  who  are  scarce  one  degree  above  the  brute 
— whyt  sand  and  Holland  sand — oysters — besoms — dulce  and  tangle — this 
day's  news  and  all  discording  din.  But  thanks  to  Heaven  that,  like  the 
Egyptians  near  the  catracks  of  Nile,  I  am  so  accustomed  to  the  noise  that 
I  never  mind  it,  and  can  get  my  Imagination  at  liberty  to  breathe  in  the 
purer  air  of  Pamasus.  .  .  .  Allow  me.  Sir,  to  give  my  humble  duty  to 
my  Lady  Bennet,  to  Mr  Nisbet  and  his  lady,  and  to  all  her  fair  sisters ;  tell 
em  there  will  be  no  new  songs  this  winter.  I  shall  look  upon  it  as  a 
principal  part  of  my  happiness  to  have  your  countenance  and  indulgence, 
while  I  am,  Sir,  your  most  obliged  and  devoted  servant," 

Sept.,  1772.  Allan  Ramsay. 

*'  If  you  would  please  wrap  up  the  Bee  and  Spider  in  a  cover  and  send  it 
me ;  if  I  think  it  will  answer,  I'll  cause  print  it.    Attenbum  told  me  of  it." 

At  one  time  the  Bennets  were  also  lairds  of  Kirk  Yetholm, 
and  Sir  William  took  a  friendly  interest  in  the  gipsies. 
Tradition  says  that  at  the  siege  of  Namur,  at  the  close  of  the 


17th  century,  the  life  of  one  of  the  Bennets  was  saved  by  a 
gipsy  named  Young;  and  to  show  his  gratitude,  he  gave  his 
deliverer  a  house  and  piece  of  land  in  Kirk  Yetholm ;  the  feu 
granted  to  him  to  extend  for  a  period  of  19  times  19  years. 
Another  tradition  is  that  William  Faa,  king  of  the  gipsy 
colony,  obtained  a  similar  grant  from  Sir  William  Bennet, 
for  recovering  for  him  a  horse  which  had  been  stolen  by  the 
Jacobite  army  in  1715.  During  this  rebellion,  Sir  William 
commanded  a  troop  of  horse,  raised  throughout  the  county  for 
its  protection.  He  was  a  man  of  strong  religious  predilections, 
which  were  inherited  by  his  daughter,  who  married  Nisbet 
of  Dirleton.  John  Bennet,  a  brother,  succeeded  on  the  death 
of  Sir  William ;  and  at  John's  death,  without  issue,  about 
the  year  1760,  the  Nisbets  came  into  possession.  Mr  Nisbet, 
it  is  said,  was  a  very  gay  man,  and  especially  fond  of  society. 
It  is  related  of  him  that  on  a  Sunday  he  had  invited  a  num- 
ber of  young  people  to  dinner  at  Marlefield.  His  wife,  who 
had  been  brought  up  to  honour  and  respect  the  Sabbath  day, 
remonstrated,  and  a  scene  ensued.  Nisbet,  in  a  passion, 
ordered  his  coach  and  drove  off,  leaving  his  wife  and  com- 
pany to  look  after  themselves.  It  being  an  exceedingly  dark 
night  and  the  roads  very  bad,  his  coach  stuck  in  a  morass ; 
and  the  tenant  of  Easter  Wooden,  with  his  farm  servants, 
went  to  Nisbet*s  assistance,  and  succeeded  in  extricating  him. 
Next  day  Mrs  Nisbet  followed  him,  and  the  house  was 
left  with  all  the  evidences  of  revelry  and  gambling— cards 
and  wine  glasses  lying  about  in  all  directions.  After  Marie- 
field  was  deserted  by  the  Nisbets,  Mr  Frain,^  the  tenant  of 
Easter  Wooden,  occupied  the  house  until  it  was  let,  about 
the  year  1775,  to  Mr  Oliphant,  when  a  sale  of  the  effects  of 
the  Bennet  family  took  place.  Mr  Oliphant,  among  other 
things,  purchased  the  portraits  of  Sir  William  and  Lady 
Bennet,  a  suit  of  armour,  and  some  valuable  engravings. 

^  The  family  of  Frain  occupied  the  farm  of  Easter  Wooden  for  130 
years,  and  one  of  them  kept  a  diary,  from  which  I  have  derived  some 
information.  The  well  known  Kelso  artist,  Mr  Frain,  was  one  of  this 


When  he  left  Marlefield  they  were  again  sold,  the  portraits 
Ending  a  resting  place  with  Lady  John  Scott ;  the  armour 
ivas  bought  by  a  Mr  Nisbet  of  Lambden,  near  Greenlaw. 
A  portrait  of  Sir  William  Bennet,  who  was  a  member  of 
Parliament,  now  hangs  on  the  staircase  of  Floors  Castle. 


In  the  year  1818,  in  the  month  of  January,  the  estate  of 
Abbotrule,  which  had  for  generations  belonged  to  a  branch 
of  the  Kerrs  of  Ferniehirst,  was  sold  by  public  auction 
at  the  Royal  Exchange  Coffeehouse,  Edinburgh.  The 
upset  price  was  ;^35,ooo,  and  the  purchaser  Robert  Hender- 
son. Two  years  before,  the  library  of  Abbotrule,  which 
-consisted  of  many  scarce  and  valuable  books,  had  been 
disposed  of  by  Mr  Ballantyne  at  his  auction  rooms,  No.  4 
Princes  Street,  on  the  19th  of  January,  1816.  On  the  same 
•day,  immediately  afterwards,  the  punch  bowl  which  be- 
longed to  the  poet  Bums  was  sold  and  realised  eighty 
guineas.  The  purchasers  were  said  to  be  the  members  of 
the  Ayrshire  Club  in  Glasgow. 

Robert  Henderson  of  Abbotrule  was  the  son  of  John  Hen- 
•derson,  by  his  first  wife,  Betty  Gray.  She  died  at  WoU  in 
1798.  Robeft  Henderson  had  previously  acquired  the  hill 
farm  of  Chapelhope  on  St  Mary's  Loch.  He  married,  on  the 
27th  of  March,  1818,  at  Edinburgh,  Isabella,  daughter  of  the 
late  William  Scott,  tenant  of  Singlie,  Selkirkshire,  by  whom 
he  had  six  sons  and  two  daughters.  Mrs  Henderson  was 
very  reserved  in  manner:  this  was  attributed  to  a  sad  accident 
that  befel  her  two  sisters  at  Singlie,  together  with  a  couple  of 
visitors.  Miss  Arras  of  Rink  and  Miss  Anderson  of  Nether 
Barns.  These  girls  were  at  the  same  school,  and  had  come  to 
spend  Saturday  to  Monday  at  Singlie.  About  mid-day  they 
all  went  to  bathe  in  a  deep  pool  in  the  Ettrick  at  the  bottom 
of  Singlie  garden.  The  servant,  thinking  they  were  a  long 
time  in  returning,  went  in  search  of  them  and  discovered  their 
bodies  in  the  deep  pool.  Mr  and  Mrs  Scott  were  on  a  visit 
■to  the  neighbouring  farm  of  Kirkhope,  but  the  alarm  soon 


spread.  All  the  four  girls  were  found  holding  each  others' 
hands,  as  if  they  in  turn  had  entered  the  water  to  save  those 
who  had  gone  in  before. 

Mr  Henderson  was  a  pious,  homely  man ;  he  was  brother- 
in-law  to  Mr  Scott,  secession  minister  of  Bonkle.  Another 
relative  of  his  was  the  late   Rev.   Adam  Cunningham  of 

Crailing,  who  died  in  1887.  ^^^  ^^^^^  ^^  Abbotrule  had 
patriarchal  notions  about  the  manner  of  educating  and 
bringing  up  his  family.  He  liked  to  have  them  all  living 
around  him,  and  to  each  he  gave  the  life-rent  of  a  farm  on 
the  payment  of  a  nominal  rent,  except  in  the  case  of  his  son 
William,  who  preferred  to  live  in  Edinburgh.  His  children 
were  as  follows : — 

Margaret  Pott,  born  1819,  died  unmarried. 

John  Gray,  born  1820,  succeeded  to  Abbotrule. 

William  Scott,  born  1821. 

Robert,  born  1823. 

Betty  Gray,  born  1824,  married  Mr  Ormiston  of  Glenburn- 
hall;  she  died  in  1878. 

David,  born  1826,  who^  succeeded  his  brother  John  to 

James,  born  1827,  died  in  Edinburgh,  aged  20,  in  1847. 

Charles,  bom  1829,  farmed  Doorpool,  and  died,  like  ail  his 
brothers,  unmarried. 

Mr  Henderson's  brother,  from  whom  he  inherited  his  for- 
tune, was  named  John  Gray  Henderson.  He  was  educated 
as  a  surgeon  and  went  to  India.  His  commission  in  the 
East  India  Company  is  dated  1779,  and  as  a  member  of 
the  Medical  Board  in  1812.  He  died  in  1814  at  his  house 
in  Chowringhee,  Calcutta.  The  following  garrison  order 
appeared  on  the  occasion  by  his  Excellency  the  Deputy 
Governor  of  Fort  William  on  the  30th  of  September,  1814 : — 
''His  Excellency  the  Deputy  Governor,  being  desirous  to 
shew  every  mark  of  respect  to  the  memory  of  the  late  Mr 
Henderson,  second  member  of  the  Medical  Board,  is  pleased 
to  direct  that  the  usual  military  honours  paid  at  the 
interment  of  Lieut.-Colonels  be  observed  at  this  funerah 


Major-General  Blair  will  accordingly  be  pleased  to  cause  a 
funeral  party  of  Sepoys,  under  the  command  of  a  field 
officer,  to  parade  at  the  house  of  the  deceased  at  a  quarter 
before  5  o'clock  this  evening,  each  man  to  be  furnished  with 
8  rounds  of  blank  cartridges  and  one  flint." 

John  Gray  Henderson  of  Abbotrule,  the  eldest  son,  JohnG. 
succeeded,  and  never  married.  He  took  over  the  Jedforest  Abbotrule. 
harriers  from  Robert  Kerr  Elliot  of  Harwood,  and  hunted 
them  for  some  years.  He  was  a  good  horseman,  and  well 
known  in  his  day  with  the  Duke*s  hounds.  He  was  admitted 
as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1841,  and  farmed 
Ruletownhead  before  he  succeeded  to  the  estate. 

William  Scott  Henderson  was  educated  for  the  law,  W.  S.  Hen- 
and  passed  his  examination  as  a  writer  to  the  signet.    He  Abbotrule. 
joined  the  Club  in  1858,  and  died  unmarried.  W.S. 

Robert    Henderson    farmed    West    Fodderlee    on    the  Robert  Hen- 
Abbotrule  estate.     He  became  a  member  of  the  Club  in  Abbotrule. 
1848,  and  died  unmarried. 

David  Henderson  of  Abbotrule  succeeded  his  brother  David 
John,  and  before  his  succession  farmed  Gatehousecote,  after  A^trule. 
which  he  let  it  to  John  Usher,  and  went  to  reside  in  the  old 
mansion-house  on  the  estate.  He  attended  almost  every 
race  meeting,  of  any  importance,  and  hunted  regularly  with 
the  Duke  of  Buccleuch's  foxhounds  till  within  a  couple  of 
years  of  his  death.  He  was  a  most  regular  attendant  of  the 
Jedforest  Club  meetings,  which  institution  he  joined  at  the 
end  of  i860.  He  died  a  bachelor,  and  left  Abbotrule  to  his 
cousin,  James  Cunningham. 


James  Henderson  was  a  writer  in  Jedburgh,  and  an  James 

original  member  of  the  Club.    He  was  factor  to  the  Marquess 

of  Lothian,  and  clerk  to  the  justices  of  the  peace  for  the 




county  of  Roxburgh — a  post  in  which  he  was  succeeded  by 

his  son.   Mr  Henderson,  in  the  month  of  June,  1804,  married, 

at  Jedburgh,  Jane,  only  daughter  of  William  Cruickshank, 

one  of  the  masters  of  the  High  School  of  Edinburgh.    This 

lady,  when  a  very  young  girl,  was  immortalised  by  Bums 

in  a  poem,  as  ''  Rosebud.**     The  lines  were  written  on  the 

blank  leaf  of  a  book  presented  to  her  by  the  author — 

''Beauteous  rosebud,  young  and  gay. 
Blooming  in  the  early  May." 

The  poet  was  a  friend  of  Mr  Cruickshank,  and  visited  him 
at  his  house  in  James*  Square,  Edinburgh,  in  1787.  It  was 
on  the  occasion  of  a  second  visit  to  Mr  Cruickshank,  in 
February,  1787,  that  Burns  composed  and  presented  to  his 
host's  daughter  the  poem  of  the  "  Rosebud.**  The  interesting 
original  of  the  poem  died  at  48  Castlegate,  Jedburgh,  and  is 
buried  in  the  Abbey  churchyard,  where  a  tombstone  of 
Aberdeen  granite  marks  her  resting  place. 

Dr  Gavin 



William  Hilson,  whose  wife  was  a  Miss  TurnbuU  of 
Teviotbank,  had  a  son  born  in  1788,  and  christened  Gavin. 
His  early  education  was  at  the  parish  school,  where  he 
shewed  a  great  desire  to  acquire  information.  He  was  sent 
to  Edinburgh,  and  finished  his  education  at  the  University. 
Gavin  Hilson  now  turned  his  attention  to  the  medical 
profession,  and  took  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine, 
Edinburgh.  Hilson  entered  the  army  on  the  17th  of  May, 
1810,  as  assistant-surgeon  of  the  4th  Dragoons,  which  were 
at  that  time  serving  in  the  Peninsula.  He  was  present  at 
the  battles  of  Salamanca  and  Toulouse,  where  he  was 
wounded,  and  his  horse  shot  under  him ;  he  himself  was  left 
for  dead  upon  the  field.  Peace  being  declared  in  18 14,  after 
the  battle  of  Toulouse,  the  army  was  at  once  reduced,  and 
Assistant-Surgeon  Hilson  was  placed  upon  half-pay.     The 


peace  was,  however,  of  short  duration,  as,  in  181 5,  a  general 
recall  to  active  service  took  place  for  the  Waterloo  campaign. 
Dr    Hilson,  although    not  actually  present  at  the  battle, 


attended  the  wounded  immediately  afterwards,  and  was 
present  with  the  army  when  they  entered  Paris.  Again  he 
was  placed  upon  half-pay,  and  promoted  to  the  rank  of 
surgeon.  Towards  the  end  of  181 5,  he  entered  into  partner- 
ship with  Dr  Grant  ^  of  Jedburgh,  and  had  a  house  in  the 
Canongate  before  he  married.  In  1819,  Abbey  Green 
House  was  for  sale  after  the  death  of  Mrs  Murray,  mother 
of  Major  Murray,*  and  Dr  Hilson  bought  it.  From  his 
uniform  attention,  both  to  the  rich  and  poor,  he  had  now 
acquired  a  large  country  practice,  when,  to  his  dismay,  he 
was  again  placed  upon  full  pay,  and  ordered  to  proceed  to 
the  West  Indies.  He  travelled  to  Bristol,  where  he  was  to 
bold  himself  in  readiness  for  embarkation  ;  but  he  had  made 
up  his  mind  to  retire  from  the  army.  Having  sent  in  his 
resignation  to  the  chief  of  the  medical  department,  he  waited 
at  Bristol  until  he  was  released  from  the  service.  Thus  he 
was  able  to  resume  his  country  practice,  much  to  the  delight 
of  his  friends  and  acquaintances  around  Jedburgh.  Dr 
Hilson  married  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Peter  Brown 
of  Rawflat,  and  by  her  had  five  sons,  two  only  of  whom 
survived.  His  wife  died  seven  years  after  the  marriage. 
The  Doctor,  who,  to  all  appearances,  was  a  strong  healthy 
man,  died  at  the  comparatively  early  age  of  fifty-nine.  On 
the  14th  of  September,  1847,  he  had,  together  with  two  other 
surgeons,  performed  a  difficult  operation  on  a  farmer  at 
High  Tofts,  near  Hawick,  and  whilst  he  was  waiting  for 
his  horse  to  be  harnessed  into  his  gig,  he  expired,  without 
any  previous  warning.  His  name  appears  on  the  list  of  the 
members  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  in  1820.  Dr  Hilson  had  a 
son,  Archibald  Hamilton,  who  also  entered  the  army  medical 
Department,  and  served  in  India.  He  was  present  with  the 
**  Pearl  Naval  Brigade,**  under  Capt.  Sotheby,  throughout 
the  Indian  mutiny,  for  which  services  he  received  the  medal. 
He  also  served  in  the  expedition  to  Bhootan,  for  which  he 
got  the  general  service  medal   with  clasp.      Dr  Archibald 

1  Vidi  Dr  Grant.  »  VicU  Major  Murray. 



Home,  yr., 
of  Cowden- 

Hamilton  Hilson  filled  one  good  appointment  after  another, 
until  he  became  the  second  officer  in  rank  in  the  Indian 
medical  service.  His  health  now  began  to  fail,  and  he 
returned  home,  living  in  retirement  at  Upper  Norwood,  after 
a  most  distinguished  career  as  a  medical  man.  He  died  in 
1895,  leaving  a  widow  to  mourn  his  loss. 


Francis  Home  was  the  eldest  son  of  Dr  James  Home, 
formerly  professor  of  the  practice  of  physic  in  Edinburgh 
University,  and  grandson  of  Dr  Francis  Home,^  who  pur- 
chased Cowdenknowes  from  the  trustees  of  the  late  John 
Ferrier.  Cowdenknowes  was  a  stronghold  of  the  family 
of  Home;  Mungo  Home  obtained  a  charter  from  King 
James  IV.  of  the  lands  of  Earlstoun  and  Cowdenknowes 
in  1505. 

In  1612  Sir  John  Home  of  Cowdenknowes*  and  Sir  James 
Home  of  Whitrig,  his  son,  with  the  consent  of  their  respec- 
tive wives,  sold  Cowdenknowes  and  other  lands  to  Helen 
MacMath,  widow  of  John  Nasmith,  surgeon  to  King  James 
VI.,  and  Patrick  Murray,  her  husband,  who  afterwards  sold 
the  estate  to  Thomas,  Earl  of  Melrose.  This  nobleman 
subsequently  became  Earl  of  Haddington,  and  he  disposed 
of  the  property  to  James  Naismith  of  Posso,  brother  and 
heir  of  the  deceased  Henry  Naismyth,  eldest  son  and  heir 
of  the  deceased  John  Naismyth  and  Helen  MacMath,  his 

^  Dr  Francis  Home  of  Cowdenknowes,  one  of  his  Majesty's  phy- 
sicians for  Scotland,  Professor  of  Medicine  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh, 
died  on  the  15th  of  February.  18x3,  at  the  patriarchal  age  of  94  years. 

*  Sir  John  Home,  last  of  Coldingknowes,  married,  in  1616,  Lady  JBeatrix 
Ruthven,  who  probably  was  his  second  wife,  as  his  two  lawful  sons,  Marie 
and  Alexander,  were  charged  to  enter  themselves  in  ward  in  the  Tolbooth 
of  Edinburgh  in  1625  for  assault  and  deforcement.  Home,  himself,  seems 
to  have  suffered  a  good  deal,  as  in  1622  he  was  removed  from  his  ward  in 
the  Tolbooth  on  account  of  his  grievous  sickness,  and  was  warded  in  a 
private  dwelling.  His  health  being  no  better,  he  was  freed  from  his  ward 
entirely  in  the  following  year->evidently  much  to  the  annoyance  of  the  Earl 
of  Lothian,  on  whose  account  he  had  been  warded,  and  who  tried  to  have 
him  brought  back. 


wife.  Cowdenknowes  seems  once  more  to  have  got  into 
possession  of  the  Earl  of  Haddington,  for,  in  1653,  John, 
the  holder  of  the  title,  granted  a  charter  to  Alexander 
Halyburton,  son  of  the  deceased  John  Halyburton,  some- 
time of  Mertoun.  In  1662,  Alexander  Halyburton  disponed 
it  to  Margaret  Kerr,  his  wife,  in  life-rent,  and  Sir  Andrew 
Kerr  of  Cavers  in  fee.  This  Margaret  was  daughter  of 
Sir  Thomas  Kerr  of  Cavers  and  Grizel  Halket,  his  second 
wife,  whom  he  married  in  1638.  Alexander  Halyburton 
died,  and  Margaret  Kerr  married  a  certain  James  Deas, 
advocate,  and  to  them,  in  1668,  Sir  Andrew  Kerr  disponed 
the  estate.  In  1701,  James  Deas  married  as  his  second  wife 
Barbara  Johnstone,  daughter  of  Patrick  Johnstone,  merchant 
in  Edinburgh.  One  of  James  Deas*  daughters,  Mary,  mar- 
ried Alexander  (third  son  of  Sir  Peter  Wedderburn  of 
Gosford),  a  commissioner  of  excise.  She  had,  with  two 
daughters,  an  only  son,  Peter  Wedderburn  of  Chester  Hall, 
a  lord  of  session,  and  from  him  is  descended  the  Earl  of 
Rosslyn.  This  couple  had  an  elder  daughter,  Janet,  presum- 
ably an  heiress,  who  married  a  certain  Mr  Alexander  Fer- 
rier,  merchant  and  provost  of  Dundee,  in  1731.  They 
had  a  son,  John  Ferrier,  who,  in  1771,  married  Ann  Home. 
The  Ferriers  about  this  time  got  into  financial  difficulties. 
Alexander  Ferrier  died  about  1764.  John  Ferrier  departed 
this  life  in  1767,  and  his  widow,  Ann  Home,  survived  the 
sale  of  the  estate  to  Dr  Francis  Home  in  1784.  His  grand- 
son, Francis  Home,  entered  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1829. 


The  Honourable  Charles  Hope  was  born  in  1808,  and 
married,  in  1841,  Lady  Isabella  Helen  Douglas,  daughter  of 
Thomas,  fifth  Earl  of  Selkirk.  He  was,  from  1838  to  1845, 
member  of  parliament  for  the  county  of  Linlithgow,  and  for 
fifteen  years  lieutenant-governor  of  the  Isle  of  Man.^  Lady 
Isabella    died    on    the    4th    of  July,    1893,   ^^  ^^^  ^S^  of 

^  Vide  Peerage,  Earl  of  Hopetoun. 


eighty-two,  and  Mr  Hope  in  the  month  of  October  foUowingy 
aged  eighty-five,  leaving  three  sons  and  two  daughters. 

Captain  John  Hope  (retired),  Royal  Navy. 

Captain  Thomas  Hope,  late  Bombay  Staff  Corps,  and 
member  of  parliament. 

Col.  Hope  of      Charles  Hope  of  Cowdenknowes,  colonel,  2nd  Berwick- 
knowes.'  shire  volunteer  battalion  the  King's  Own  Scottish  Borderers, 

entered  the  army  in  1868,  and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of 
captain  in  the  King's  Royal  Rifles  in  1880.  Capt.  Hope 
retired  from  the  army,  and  married,  in  1887,  Julia  Isabella, 
daughter  of  David  Carnegie  of  Stronvar,  Perthshire.  He 
became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1893. 

Cowdenknowes  House  and  Tower  is  situated  on  the 
Leader,  in  the  parish  of  Earlston,  at  the  foot  of  the 
beautiful  hill  of  that  name,  famous  in  Scottish  song.  The 
tower  is  quite  intact,  and  the  house  has  much  historical 
interest  attached  to  it,  as  being  the  resting-place  for  the 
kings  and  queens  of  Scotland  when  they  went  on  their 
circuits  of  justice  about  the  Border  towns.  Mary,  Queen  of 
Scots,  on  her  way  from  Craigmillar  to  Hermitage  Castle  and 
Jedburgh,  is  known  to  have  resided  at  Cowdenknowes  for 
some  time.^  The  following  letters  are  cut  into  a  stone  above 
the  door— "  J.H.  M.K.  1524." 


The  family  is  now  represented  by  William  Randolph  Innes 
Hopkins,  J.P.  and  D.L.  of  the  North  Riding  of  Yorkshire, 
residing  at  Walworth  Castle,  near  Darlington.  He  is  the 
eldest  son  of  John  Castell  Hopkins,  late  of  Rowchester. 
Mr  Hopkins,  who  was  born  in  1827,  married,  first,  in  1854, 
Elise  Caroline  Sophie,  daughter  of  the  late  Henry  Bolckow ; 
and,  secondly,  in  1864,  Hvereld  Catharine  Eliza,  only 
daughter  of  Thomas  Hustler  of  Ackham  Hall,  county  of 

^  Mr  Cotesworth,  who  inherited  Cowdenknowes  from  Mr  GilfiUan,  sold 
it  to  the  present  proprietor. 


York,  and  has,  with  other  issue,  Charles  Harrie  Innes 
Hopkins,  major,  Scottish  Rifles,  and  deputy  assistant  adju- 
tant-general, Lahore  district. 

William  Randolph  Hopkins,  a  surveyor  of  excise,  married 
Jane,  second  daughter  of  Thomas  Ewing,  a  Dublin  merchant, 
by  his  wife,  Henrietta,  daughter  of  George  Innes,  town 
major  of  Limerick.  This  George  Innes  married  his  cousin, 
Margaret,  sister  of  Sir  Henry  Innes  of  that  ilk,  whose 
grandson.  Sir  James  Innes,  established  his  claim  to  the 
dukedom  of  Roxburghe.^  William  Randolph  Hopkins  died 
in  1798,  leaving  a  son,  John  Castell. 

John  Castell  Hopkins,  married,  first,  Jane,  a  daughter  John  Castell 
of  Sir  James  Innes  Norcliife,  Baronet,  of  Innes.  She  was  Rowchester. 
born  in  1792,  and  died  soon  after  her  marriage,  in  1816. 
She  was  interred  at  Bowden,  in  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe's 
family  vault,  which  is  situated  under  that  church.  By  his 
first  wife,  Mr  Hopkins  had  one  daughter,  born  in  1816; 
who  afterwards  married  Charles  Robson,  Lurdenlaw.  Mr 
Hopkins  married,  for  the  second  time,  Agnes,  a  daughter  of 
Charles  Robson  of  Samieston,*  in  the  county  of  Roxburgh, 
her  mother  being  the  daughter  of  Major  Rutherfurd.'  Mr 
Hopkins  for  a  short  period  rented  the  house  of  Hunthill, 
near  Jedburgh.  Afterwards  he  purchased  the  estate  of 
Rowchester,  in  the  parish  of  Greenlaw,  and  erected  a 
mansion  on  the  property,  besides  executing  many  other 
improvements.  In  the  year  1856,  he  sold  this  valuable  little 
estate  to  Robert  H.  Broughton,  in  whose  family  it  still 
remains.  Mr  Hopkins,  during  his  residence  at  Hunthill, 
became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club.  He  was  proposed 
by  Peter  Brown  of  Rawflat,  seconded  by  William  Fair  of 
Langlee,  and  admitted  on  27th  October,  1824. 

H  O  R  N  E. 
Donald  Horne,  W.S.,  the  second  son  of  John  Home  of  Donald 

Unmtk  W  S 

Stirkoke,  was  born  at  Stanstill,  in  the  county  of  Caithness, 

^  Vide  Duke  of  Roxburghe.  *  Vidi  Robson  of  Samieston. 

*  Vide  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston. 


on  the  2oth  May,  1787.  He  was  educated  at  Musselburgh 
and  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  and  passed  as  a  writer  to 
the  signet  in  1813.  Immediately  afterwards  he  entered  into 
partnership  with  his  uncle,  James  Home,  W.S.,  of  Langwell. 
The  Peninsular  war  was  then  at  its  height,  and  Mr  Home, 
like  many  other  young  men,  became  inspired  with  military 
notions  and  joined  the  ist  Regiment  Royal  Edinburgh 
Volunteers,  commanded  by  the  Right  Hon.  Charles  Hope. 
This  was  an  extremely  smart  corps,  and  the  best  drilled 
volunteer  regiment  in  Scotland.  After  the  close  of  the  war, 
volunteer  and  other  local  regiments  being  disbanded,  Mr 
Home  joined  another  branch  of  the  auxiliary  forces.  In 
the  Edinburgh  squadron  of  yeomanry  cavalry  he  served 
as  quartermaster  several  years,  and  latterly  as  cornet.  The 
date  of  his  commission  being  7th  July,  1822,  his  name 
appears  on  the  roll  of  the  squadron  until  1845,  when  he 
retired.  In  the  more  recent  volunteer  movement,  Mr  Home 
took  a  great  interest  and  an  active  part.  In  the  year  1821, 
on  the  ist  June,  he  married  Jane,  daughter  of  Thomas  Elliot 
Ogilvie  of  Chesters,  by  whom  he  had  a  large  family. 

In  Caithness-shire,  and  also  in  the  counties  of  Roxburgh 
and  Selkirk,  the  name  of  Donald  Home  is  inseparably  con- 
nected with  the  election  struggles  which  continued  for  several 
years  after  the  passing  of  the  Reform  Bill.  His  views  were 
strongly  conservative. 

On  the  death  of  his  uncle,  in  1831,  Mr  Home  succeeded  to 
the  estate  of  Langwell,  and  was  known  as  a  most  extensive 
and  successful  rearer  of  sheep,  ''Langwell  wethers'*  com- 
manding the  highest  price  in  the  northern  markets.  For 
some  years  he  rented  Benrig  House,  near  St  Boswells,  which, 
from  its  situation,  he  found  convenient  for  his  political  con- 
nection with  the  shires  of  Roxburgh  and  Selkirk.  On  the 
death  of  Mr  Roderick  Mackenzie,  in  1843,  Mr  Home  was 
appointed  solicitor  in  Scotland  for  the  Commissioners  of 
Woods  and  Forests,  and  held  the  office  until  1865,  when 
failing  health  induced  him  to  resign.  In  1857  he  sold  the 
estate  of  Langwell  to  the  Duke  of  Portland.     For  many 


years  he  was  a  director  of  the  Highland  and  Agricultural 
Society,  and  took  a  deep  interest  in  its  welfare. 

Mr  Home  purchased  in  1859,  for  the  use  of  his  firm  (then 
Home  &  Ross,  W.S.),  39  Castle  Street,  from  a  Miss  Mac- 
kintosh. This  lady  had  purchased  it  from  the  trustees  of 
Sir  Walter  Scott  of  Abbotsford  in  1826.  Sir  Walter  occupied 
this  house  as  his  Edinburgh  residence,  from  1798  to  the  date 
of  its  sale,  and  wrote  several  of  his  novels  in  it.  No  struc- 
tural alterations  have  been  made  in  the  house  since  he  left, 
and  Donald  Home's  business  room  was  Sir  Walter's  front 
drawing-room,  where  his  arm-chair  is  still  preserved.^ 

Donald  Home  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Club  in  April, 
1836.  He  died  at  the  age  of  83,  and  was  buried  in  St  John's 
churchyard,  Edinburgh.  The  date  of  his  death  was  the 
23rd  of  June,  1870. 

Mr  Home  was  a  man  of  no  ordinary  stamp.  He  had 
unbounded  energy  and  extraordinary  mental  vigonr.  He 
possessed  a  peculiar  faculty  of  extracting  information  from 
those  with  whom  he  conversed,  even  when  there  might  be 
an  unwillingness  to  communicate  it.  He  had  always  stored 
in  a  most  retentive  memory  an  abundant  supply  of  anecdotes 
relating  to  persons  and  events ;  and  the  pleasing  manner  and 
genuine  good  humour  with  which  he  could  relate  them  con- 
tributed half  their  charm. 


John  James  of  Newcastle  was  born  in  1777;  he  married, 
in  1805,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Joseph  Woodhouse  of 
Scots  wood,  and  by  her  (who  married,  secondly,  in  1822, 
Charles  Balmer)  left  issue: — 

I.  Thomas  James  of  Otterburn  Tower  and  Rudchester, 
Northumberland,  born  in  1807;  he  married,  in  1833,  Margaret 
Bernard,  third  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Coliinson,  rector  of 

^The  grandson  of  Donald  Home,  Thomas  Home,  W.S.,  now  occupies 
this  room  as  his  office. 



2.  William  John  James;  joined  the  64th  Foot  as  ensign  in 
1830,  and  died  in  1851  senior  captain  of  his  regiment.  He 
married  Susanna  Knight. 

3.  Edward  James;  married  Annie  Finlay,  who  had  among 
other  children  a  daughter,  Theodosia,  who  married  Sir 
Frederick  Hughes,  of  the  East  India  Company's  service. 

4.  John  James;  married  Eleanor  Thorpe. 

5.  Hugh  Septimus  James;  married  Alexandrina,  second 
daughter  of  Dr  Hamilton.  They  lived  in  Edinburgh.  Mr 
James  was  a  collector  and  connoisseur  of  old  English  china. 

6.  Rev.  Octavius  James  of  Clarghyll  Hall  and  rector  of 
Kirkhaugh,  Northumberland;  was  born  in  1818.  He  mar- 
ried Jane  C.  H.,  daughter  of  Capt.  Thomas  Bowlby. 

James  Tames 
of  Saimeston. 

7.  James  James  of  Samieston ;  studied  medicine  and  took 
his  degree  of  M.D.  He  had  three  sisters,  two  of  whom 
were  married.  The  small  estate  of  Easter  Samieston  being 
for  sale  in  1852,  he  purchased  it  from  Robert  Selby  for 
;^io,500,  and  in  1857  he  added  the  farm  of  Renniston  to  it. 
In  the  Club  list  of  1854  ^^  James's  name  appears  as  a 
member.  He  married  Georgiana,  eldest  daughter  of  John 
E.  Broadhurst  of  Crow  Hill,  Nottinghamshire,  and  has  a 
son,  Lancelot,  and  two  daughters.  For  many  years  he  has 
lived  in  the  Channel  Islands,  and  is  well  known  as  a  success- 
ful breeder  and  exporter  of  Guernsey  cows. 

Jerdon  of 


Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward  was  the  only  son  of 
Thomas  Caverhill  and  Jane  Jerdon,  only  daughter  of 
Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward,  nicknamed  "  Baldy."  The 
subject  of  this  memoir  was  baptized  Archibald  Jerdon,  as 
heir  to  his  grandfather,  the  laird  of  Bonjedward.  There  was 
also  one  daughter  of  the  marriage,  Jane  Caverhill,  who 
married  the  Rev.  Peter  Young  of  Jedburgh.  As  a  marriage 
portion,  Mr  Jerdon  gave  his  daughter  the  farm  of  Bon- 
jedward Townhead,  and  built   a   suitable  house  for  her  as 


a  residence.  She  died  there  on  the  29th  of  February^ 
1780,  aged  30  years. 

Thomas  Caverhill  was  the  nephew  of  Andrew  Caverhill  of 
Jedburgh.  He  married,  secondly,  Jane  Douglas,  and  by  her 
had  several  daughters;  she  died  in  1797,  aged  38  years. 

Archibald  Jerdon  was  educated  at  the  Grammar  School, 
Durham,  and  there  became  acquainted  with  Mr  Milner  of 
South  Shields,  whose  sister,  Elizabeth  Sarah  Milner,^  he 
afterwards  married.  When  the  old  laird  of  Bonjedward 
died,  Archibald  was  still  in  his  minority.  A  family  of  the 
name  of  Jerdon  claimed  the  estate — they  were  relations  of 
the  Jerdons  who  then  lived  at  The  Nest,  Jedburgh.  A 
lawsuit  followed.  Archibald's  agent  was  Cgmelius  Elliot 
of  WooUee,  W.S.,  who  got  the  case  decided  in  his  client's 
favour.  After  Mr  Jerdon  married,  he  resided  at  Bonjedward 
House.  His  family  consisted  of  two  sons  and  five  daughters. 
From  its  formation  he  was  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club. 
In  the  year  1810  he  was  appointed  captain  in  the  ist 
Regiment  of  Roxburghshire  local  militia.  This  was  not 
his  first  taste  of  soldiering,  however,  for  he  had  formerly  held 
a  commission  in  the  Jedburgh  volunteers.  Mr  Jerdon  was 
very  popular  in  and  around  Jedburgh.  He  was  an  extremely 
kind-hearted  man,  and  most  liberal  in  all  his  dealings — perhaps 
too  much  so  for  his  income.  More  than  once  he  got  himself 
into  difficulties,  and  was  obliged  to  sell  portions  of  his 
Bonjedward  estate.  In  the  year  1842,  Mr  and  Mrs  Jerdon 
died,  within  a  short  time  of  each  other,  through  eating  some- 
thing poisonous,  it  was  generally  believed.  Many  stories 
were  current  at  the  time,  but,  curious  to  relate,  no  steps  were 
taken  to  discover  what  the  poison  consisted  of,  or  how  it 
came  to  be  administered.  Another  of  the  family,  Mrs 
Jerdon's  sister,  also  died  suddenly,  not  very  long  afterwards, 
in  an  equally  mysterious  manner.  Husband  and  wife  were 
buried  on  the  same  day  in  the  Abbey  churchyard.     Closed 

^  At  Houghton -le- spring,  Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward,  North 
Britain,  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Sarah  Milner  of  Barnes,  1808. — Monthly 


shops  and  drawn  blinds  showed  the  universal  respect  of  the 
inhabitants.  In  1845,  Bonjedward  was  sold  to  the  Marquess 
of  Lothian,  who  now  possesses  the  whole  estate. 

Thomas  Caverhill  Jerdon,  eldest  son  of  the  late  A.  Jerdon 
of  Bonjedward,  was  bom  on  the  12th  October,  1811,  at 
Biddick  House,  county  of  Durham,  where  his  mother  was 
on  a  visit  to  her  own  family.  He  was  educated  as  a  doctor, 
and  was  appointed,  on  taking  his  degree,  assistant-surgeon 
in  the  East  India  Company's  service.  He  was  an  ardent 
naturalist,  and  in  1839-40,  he  published,  in  successive 
numbers  of  Ths  Madras  Journal  of  Literaiure,  **  A  Catalogue 
of  the  Birds  of  the  Peninsula  of  India."  He  also  wrote 
many  pamphlets  and  books  on  his  favoiurite  subject.  He 
retired  from  the  service  in  1870,  and  died  at  Norwood,  on  the 
1 2th  June,  1872. 

Archibald  Archie  Jerdon,  as  he  was  commonly  called,  younger  son  of 

jer  on.  Archibald  Jerdon  of  Bonjedward,  was  born  on  21st  Septem- 

ber, 1819.  He  was  educated  in  Edinburgh  at  the  Academy 
and  the  University.  As  a  boy  he  was  very  delicate,  which  inter- 
fered with  his  choice  of  a  profession.  A  country  life  was  con- 
sidered the  most  suitable  for  him,  and  he  was  sent  to  a  farm 
in  East  Lothian  to  study  agriculture.  From  there  he  was 
called  upon  by  his  father  to  take  charge  of  the  home  farm  of 
Bonjedward.  Afterwards,  he  obtained  the  appointment  of 
collector  of  Inland  Revenue  and  distributor  of  stamps,  on  the 
death  of  Mr  Riddell,  and  in  1868  he  also  was  elected  collector 
of  county  rates,  which  appointment  he  held  until  his  death. 
In  1853,  Mr  Jerdon  married  Margaret,  the  eldest  surviving 
daughter  of  John  Hall,  a  cousin  to  the  Auchenleck  family, 
and  had  issue — a  son  and  daughter.^  After  occupying 
various  houses,  he  at  length  purchased  AUerly  Villa,  in 
the  immediate  neighbourhood  of  Jedburgh.  He  was  elected 
a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  in  October,  1862.  Mr 
Jerdon    early  evinced    a     taste    for    natural    history,    and 

^  Now  Mrs  Waller,  who  resides  in  Canada. 


became  quite  an  expert  in  regard  to  fungi  and  mosses. 
He  practically  discovered  some  new  species.  His  health, 
never  very  robust,  began  to  give  way  in  1873,  ^^^  ^^^^^  ^ 
painful  illness  he  died  on  the  28th  January,  1874,  regretted 
by  all  who  knew  him. 




T^HE  distinction  betwixt  the  Kers  of  Ferniehirst,  the  pro- 
^  genitors  of  the  Marquess  of  Lothian,  and  the  Kers  of 
Cessford,  the  ancestors  of  the  dukes  of  Roxburghe,  is  well 
known.  Tradition  states  that  two  brothers  settled  in  the 
south  of  Scotland  in  the  twelfth  century,  neither  of  whom 
would  yield  superiority  to  the  other,  and  that  they  became 
the  progenitors  of  two  separate  clans  or  races  of  warlike 
Borderers.  Of  the  family  of  Ferniehirst,  of  which  the 
Marquess  of  Lothian  is  male  representative,  it  is  our  prov- 
ince now  to  treat:  but  before  proceeding  with  a  short 
description  of  their  descent,  it  becomes  necessary  to  notice 
that  branch  of  the  Kers  of  Cessford  which  was  dignified 
with  titles  of  Lord  Newbottle  and  Earl  of  Lothian.  These 
titles,  having  been  transmitted  through  an  heir  female  to  the 
house  of  Ferniehirst,  are  now  possessed  by  the  Marquess  of 

Mark  Ker,  second  son  of  Sir  Andrew  Ker  of  Cessford, 
entered  into  minor  holy  orders,  and  was  promoted  in  1546 
to  the  dignity  of  abbot  of  Newbottle,  which  station  he 
possessed  at  the  reformation,  in  1560,  when  he  embraced  the 
reformed  religion,  and  held  his  benefice  in  commendam. 
He  had  the  vicarage  of  Lintown,  in  the  county  of  Peebles, 
for  life,  and  left  issue: — 

Mark  Ker,  who  was  appointed  master  of  requests  during 
his  father's  lifetime,  and  on  his  death  the  commendatorship 
of  Newbottle,  to  which  his  father  had  been  appointed  by 
Queen  Mary  in  1567,  was  ratified  to  him  by  letter,  under 
the  great  seal,  on  the  24th  August,  1584.  He  had  the 
lands  of  Newbottle  erected  into  a  barony,  with  the  title  of 
Baron  Ker  of  Morphet  (Moorfoot)  and  Newbetile,  dated 
1587.     He  was  also  created  Earl  of  Lothian  by  patent, 


dated  at  Whitehall^  Febriiary  loth,  1606.  He  died  on 
the  8th  of  April,  1609.  By  Margaret  Maxwell,  his  wife, 
daughter  of  John,  Lord  Herries,  who  survived  him,  he  left 
a  numerous  family,  of  whom  one,  Margaret  by  name,  mar- 
ried James,  seventh  Lord  Yester,  and  founded  Lady  Yester's 
church  in  Edinburgh. 

Robert,  second  earl  of  Lothian,  succeeded  his  father,  and 
was  also  appointed  master  of  requests.  He  married  Lady 
Annabella  Campbell,  second  daughter  of  the  seventh  earl 
of  Argyll.  Their  family  consisted  of  two  daughters.  Lord 
Lothian,  being  without  male  issue,  made  over  his  estates 
and  titles,  with  the  king's  approbation,  to  his  eldest  daughter. 
Lady  Anne  Ker,  and  the  heirs  of  her  body.  Lord  Lothian's 
younger  brother,  Sir  William  Ker  of  Blackhope,  however, 
assumed  the  title,  but  was  interdicted  from  using  it  by  the 
Lords  of  Council,  March  8th,  1632.  The  second  earl  of 
Lothian  died  on  the  15th  of  July,  1624;  and  Lady  Anne 
became  Countess  of  Lothian,  and  in  1631  married  William, 
eldest  son  of  the  Earl  of  Ancram,  who  became  third  earl  of 

According  to  Sir  George  Mackenzie,  the  Kers  of  Fernie- 
hirst  are  descended  from  the  elder  brother,  while  the  Kers 
of  Cessford  proceed  from  the  younger,  because  the  former 
carry  arms  with  the  Carrs  of  England  and  France,  without 
any  difference  of  tincture  or  charge. 

L  Ralph  Ker,  the  first  of  this  house,  settled  in  Teviotdale 
about  1330,  and  got  possession  of  land  near  the  water  of  Jed, 
and  called  it  Kershaugh.     He  died  in  1350. 

IL  Thomas  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Somerville  of  Camwarth,  and  died  in  1389. 

HL  Andrew  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  a  daughter  of  Ed- 
monstone  of  that  ilk.     He  died  in  1405. 

IV.  Thomas  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Home  of  Home,  and  died  in  1430. 

V.  Andrew  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  Jean,  daughter  of 
Crichton  of  Crichton,  and  died  in  1450. 





VI.  Ralph  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  Mary  Towers, 
daughter  of  Towers  of  Innerleith,  and  died  1460. 

VII.  Andrew  Ker  of  Kershaugh,  married  Mary,  daughter  of 
Herbert,  Lord  Herries.     He  died  in  1488. 

VIII.  Thomas  Ker  of  Ferniehirst,  married  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Lord  Ochiltree.  He  built  in  Jedburgh  forest  a 
stronghold  which  he  called  Ferniehirst.  He  died  in  1499, 
leaving  three  sons : — 

(i)  Sir  Andrew;  (2)  Ralph,  ancestor  of  the  Carres  of 
Cavers;^  (3)  William,  who  had  a  charter  of  the  lands  of 
Langlee  and  Gallastongis,'  in  Jedburgh  forest,  dated  14th 
August,  1537,  in  which  he  is  described  as  William  Ker, 
brother  of  Andrew  Ker  of  Ferniehirst. 

Sir  Andrew  Ker  of  Ferniehirst,  the  eldest  son,  distinguished 
himself  in  resisting  the  power  of  England  on  the  Borders, 
particularly  at  the  siege  of  his  castle  of  Ferniehirst  by  the 
Earl  of  Surrey  and  Lord  Dacre,  to  whom  he  was  obliged  to 
surrender,  after  a  brave  defence.  He  obtained  the  office  of 
bailiary  of  Jedburgh  forest  in  1542,  and  died  1545,  having 
married  Janet,  second  daughter  of  Sir  Patrick  Home  of 
Polwarth,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  two  sons.  He  was 
succeeded  by  Sir  John  Ker,  warden  of  the  middle  marches, 
knighted  by  the  Duke  of  Chatelherault,  in  1548,  for  his  good 
services  in  restraining  the  incursions  of  the  English,'  and 
who,  with  the  assistance  of  French  troops  under  D*£sse, 
retook  his  castle  of  Ferniehirst  from  the  English  by  storm 
in  1549.  Sir  John  married  Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of 
Sir  Andrew  Ker  of  Cessford,  and  died,  July,  1562,  leaving  a 
son — 

Sir  Thomas  Ker  of  Ferniehirst,  who  was  a  distinguished 
member  of  a  distinguished  family.  He  was  a  steady  friend 
and  a  most  loyal  servant  to  Queen  Mary,  who  considered 
him  as  one  of  her  most  faithful  and  powerful  adherents.  He 
suffered  at  different  periods  of  his  life,  in  all,  fourteen  years 

1  Vide  Carre  of  Cavers.  ^  Now  called  Gilliestongues. 

*  Vidi  Foster's  Peerage. 


banishment  on  her  account,  and  to  the  last  never  deserted 
her  cause.  In  October,  1565,  he  attended  the  Queen  and 
Darnley  to  Dumfries,  to  assist  in  quelling  the  insurrection  of 
the  nobles.  Upon  this  occasion,  Mary  commanded  him  to 
raise  the  royal  standard  at  the  head  of  his  followers,  and 
placed  herself  under  his  immediate  protection.  He  joined 
the  Queen  at  Hamilton  on  her  escape  from  Lochleven,  in 
May,  1568.  Sir  Walter  Scott  of  Buccleuch  and  Sir  Thomas, 
in  January,  1570,  the  day  after  the  murder  of  the  Regent 
Murray,  entered  England  with  fire  and  sword,  in  hopes  of 
embroiling  the  two  countries  in  a  war  which  might  prove 
advantageous  to  the  interest  of  the  Queen ;  and  in  retaliation 
the  Earl  of  Sussex  and  Lord  Hunsdon,  the  same  year, 
entered  Scotland,  and  demolished  the  castle  of  Ferniehirst. 
In  1 571,  he  was  one  of  the  party  who  attacked  the  parliament 
at  Stirling,  when  in  the  conflict  the  Earl  of  Lennox  was 
killed.  Sir  Thomas  Ker  had  his  estate  confiscated  the  same 
year.  He  then  joined  the  gallant  Kirkaldy  in  the  defence  of 
the  castle  of  Edinburgh,  to  which  he  had  removed  his 
family  charter- chest,  and  which,  at  the  surrender  of  that 
fortress,  in  1573,  was  seized  by  the  Regent  Morton,  and 
never  recovered.*  In  the  summer  of  1585,  Sir  Thomas  Ker 
and  Sir  John  Forster,  the  Scottish  and  English  wardens  of 
the  middle  marches,  having  met  according  to  custom  of  the 
Borders,  a  fray  took  place,  in  which  Sir  Francis  Russell, 
son  of  the  Earl  of  Bedford,  was  killed.  This  gave  great 
offence  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  to  appease  whom,  Sir  Thomas 
was  committed  to  ward  in  Aberdeen,  where  he  died  in 
March,  1586.  He  was  hereditary  bailie  of  Jedburgh  forest, 
warden  and  justice  of  the  middle  marches,  keeper  of 
Liddesdale,  and  provost  of  Edinburgh  and  Jedburgh.  Sir 
Thomas  married,  first,  a  daughter  of  Sir  William  Kirkaldy 
of  Grange,  governor  of  the  castle  of  Edinburgh,  by  whom 
he  left  a  son.  Sir  Andrew,  and  two  daughters,  Janet  and 

^  One  of  the  conditions  of  the  surrender  of  the  castle  was  that  the 
charter-chest  should  be  restored  to  Sir  Thomas  Ker,  but  the  contract  was 




Margaret,  who  both  married.  He  married,  secondly,  in 
1569,  Janet,  sister  of  Sir  Walter  Scott  of  Buccleuch,  and  by 
this  marriage  had  three  sons — Sir  James  Ker  of  Crailing, 
Thomas  of  Oxenham,  and  Sir  Robert,  afterwards  the  Earl 
of  Somerset. 

Sir  Andrew  Ker  (afterwards,  in  1622,  created  Lord 
Jedburgh)  succeeded  his  father.  He  married  Anne,  eldest 
daughter  of  Andrew,  Master  of  Ochiltree,  by  whom  he  had 
a  daughter,  married  to  Macdowall  of  Garthland,  and -one 
son,  Andrew,  Master  of  Jedburgh.  Sir  Andrew  Ker  had  a 
charter  of  East  and  West  Nisbet,  September  5,  1584,  and 
another  of  the  office  of  bailiary  of  the  lands  and  baronies 
belonging  to  the  monastery  of  Jedburgh,  May  15,  1587-8. 
He  died  in  1631,  without  surviving  issue,  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  half-brother.  Sir  James  Ker  of  Crailing. 

Andrew,  Master  of  Jedburgh,  was  appointed  captain  of  the 
King's  Guards,  in  1618.  In  1625,  he  had  a  charter  of  the 
barony  of  Haddon  in  Roxburghshire,  and  half  the  barony 
of  Brochtown,  in  the  county  of  Peebles.  He  married 
Margaret  Ker,  third  daughter  of  Mark,  first  Earl  of  Lothian, 
widow  of  Lord  Hay  of  Yester.  He  died  before  his  father, 
Decenjber  20,  1628,  without  issue.  "  The  Lady  Yester,"  as 
she  was  generally  called,  among  other  good  works,  founded 
Lady  Yester*s  church,  Edinburgh,  originally  built  in  1644, 
at  the  comer  of  the  High  School  Wynd,  and  surrounded  by  a 
churchyard.  This  old  church  was  pulled  down,  and  rebuilt 
considerably  to  the  westward.  The  tomb  of  the  foundress 
and  a  tablet  recording  her  good  deeds  are  both  rebuilt  into 
the  new  church.  Lady  Yester  was  bom  in  1572,  the  year  of 
John  Knox's  death,  and  died,  March  15,  1647.  She  had  by 
her  first  husband.  Lord  Hay  of  Yester,  two  sons  and  one 
daughter.  Lady  Yester  bequeathed  various  sums  of  money 
for  religious  and  other  purposes,  called  "  Mortifications." 
She  left  a  sum  of  money  to  the  barony  of  Haddon,  Roxburgh- 
shire, as  follows : — 

"Dame  Margaret  Ker,  Lady  Yester,  relict  of  Andrew,  Master  of 
Jedburgh,  left  one  thousand  merks  scotts,  £s5t  '^s  zjd  sterling,  to  be 


placed  oat  by  the  proprietor  of  the  barony  of  Haddon,  at  sight  and  vdth 
advice  of  the  minister  and  elders  of  the  parish  of  Sprouston,  or  whatever 
parish  the  said  barony  shall  be  adstricted  to  for  the  time,  on  land  or  other 
proper  security  within  the  shire  of  Roxburgh.  The  legal  interest  of 
which,  to  be  applied  by  the  said  minister  and  elders,  by  the  advice  of  the 
said  proprietor  of  Haddon,  his  heirs  and  successors,  who  is  declared 
Patron  of  the  said  sum.  To  wit,  to  help,  maintain,  and  sustain  six  poor 
-scholars  of  the  tenants  and  inhabitants  of  Haddon  yearly,  for  learning  of 
letters  and  knowledge.  And  in  case  the  barony  of  Haddon  cannot  furnish 
six  poor  scholars,  the  deficiency  to  be  made  up  from  any  other  lands 
within  the  parish  of  Sprouston,  or  any  other  parish  whereunto  the  said 
barony  shall  be  united  for  the  time,  and  failing  thereof,  then  from  any 
•other  parish  within  the  shire  of  Roxburgh,  at  the  sight,  and  with  advice 
of  the  proprietor  of  the  said  barony  of  Haddon.  The  election  of  such 
poor  scholars  to  be  by  the  minister  and  elders  of  the  parish  of  Sprouston, 
and,  as  aforesaid,  by  advice  and  consent  of  the  said  proprietor  of  Haddon, 
his  heirs  and  successors." 

The  original  deed  of  mortification  is  dated  at  Edinburgh, 
•6th  May,  1637,  and  registered  in  the  books  of  Council  and 
Session  there,  loth  December,  1638.  An  extract  was  in 
possession  of  Mr  Robert  Turnbull,  minister  of  Sprouston, 
in  1779.* 

Sir  James  Ker  of  Crailing  succeeded  to  the  title  of  Lord 
Jedburgh,  but  did  not  assume  it,  and  died  in  1645,  leaving 
by  his  wife,  Mary  Rutherford,  heiress  of  Hundalee,  a  son 

Robert,  third  Lord  Jedburgh,  obtained  from  King  Charles 
II.  a  confirmation  of  the  peerage  of  Jedburgh  to  himself  and 
the  heirs  of  his  body,  which  failing,  to  William,  Master  of 
Newbottle,  eldest  son  of  Robert,  fourth  earl  and  first  mar- 
quess of  Lothian  ;  he  succeeded  to  the  honours  of  Jedburgh, 
and  on  that  title  voted  in  parliament  in  1702,  where  his  father 
also  sat  and  voted  as  Marquess  of  Lothian. 

Robert  Ker  of  Ancrum,  third  son  of  Sir  Andrew  Ker  of 
Femiehirst,  who  got  from  his  father  a  charter  of  the  third 
part  of  the  lands  of  Dirleton,  and  another  of  Woodend,  in 
Over  Ancrum,  in  feu  farm.  He  also  had  a  charter  of  the 
lands  of  Newton,  in  the  barony  of  Bedrule.  He  died  in 
February,  1586. 

1  Copied  from  an  old  document,  dated  1779. 


William  Ker  succeeded  him,  but  was  assassinated  by 
Robert  Ker,  younger  of  Cessford,  when  the  disputes  were 
very  bitter  about  the  seniority  of  the  Kers. 

Sir  Robert  Ker  of  Ancrum  was  served  heir  to  his  grand- 
father on  May  I2thy  1607.  He  was  the  confidential  friend 
of  Charles  I.,  who,  when  Prince  of  Wales,  was  the  means 
of  bringing  about  his  marriage  with  Lady  Anne  Stanley. 
In  1620  he  had  the  misfortune  to  kill,  in  a  duel  at  New- 
market, Charles  Maxwell,  whose  brother  was  a  member  of 
the  king's  household.  He  was  obliged  to  fly  to  Holland, 
but  the  following  year  was  received  into  royal  favour.  King 
Charles  made  him  one  of  the  gentlemen  of  his  bed-chamber 
in  1625,  and  raised  him  to  the  dignity  of  the  peerage  by  the 
title  of  Earl  of  Ancram,^  dated  1633,  with  remainder  to  the 
heirs  male  betwixt  him  and  Lady  Anne  Stanley.  His  lord- 
ship was  the  steady  and  faithful  friend  of  King  Charles 
during  all  his  troubles,  and  after  his  execution  was  obliged 
to  submit  again  to  banishment  in  Holland.  There  he  passed 
the  remainder  of  his  days  in  solitary  afHiction  and  poverty. 
He  died  at  Amsterdam  in  1654,  at  the  age  of  76.  By  his 
first  wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Murray  of  Black- 
barony,  he  had  a  son  William. 

William,  eldest  son  of  the  Earl  of  Ancram,  married,  ixk 
1 63 1,  Ann,  Countess  of  Lothian  in  her  own  right,  with  whom 
he  got  the  lordship  of  Newbottle,  and  the  same  year  William 
Ker  was  created  third  earl  of  Lothian.  Hostilities  having^ 
commenced  in  1640,  he  accompanied  the  Scottish  army  into- 
England,  which,  after  defeating  the  royalists  at  Newbum,. 
took  possession  of  Newcastle,  of  which  place  he  was  ap- 
pointed governor,  with  a  garrison  of  2000  men.  In  1643. 
the  Earl  of  Lothian  was  sent  from  Scotland  by  the  privy 
council,  with  the  approbation  of  Charles  I.,  to  make  some 
propositions  to  the  court  of  France  relating  to  certaia 
privileges  of  the  Scottish  nation.    On  his  return,  a  suspicion 

^  There  is  a  curious  little  painting  by  Sanders  of  Robert,  first  earl  of 
Ancram,  showing  from  what  rude  beginnings  Scottish  art  arose. 


of  treachery  was  attached  to  his  embassy,  and  he  was  com- 
mitted a  prisoner  to  Bristol  Castle  for  some  months.  In 
1644  ^^  commanded,  with  the  Marquess  of  Argyll,  the  forces 
sent  against  the  Marquess  of  Montrose.  When  the  parlia- 
ment of  England  made  it  known  that  they  intended  to 
proceed  against  King  Charles  I.  before  the  high  court  of 
justice,  the  Earl  of  Lothian  was  one  of  the  commissioners 
sent  to  remonstrate  in  the  name  of  the  kingdom  of  Scotland. 
The  earl  boldly  said  the  whole  nation  had  the  utmost  abhor- 
rence and  detestation  of  using  any  violence  or  indignity  upon 
the  sacred  person  of  the  king,  and  there  and  then  took  a 
solemn  protest  against  their  proceedings.  For  this  he  was 
placed  under  arrest  and  ordered  to  return  at  once  to  Scot- 
land. His  lordship  died  in  the  year  1675.  By  Ann, 
Countess  of  Lothian,  he  had  five  sons  and  nine  daughters. 

Robert,  the  eldest  son,  fourth  earl  and  afterwards  first 
marquess  of  Lothian,  was  a  volunteer  in  the  Dutch  war  in 
1673  ^^^  ^  staunch  supporter  of  the  revolution,  in  return 
for  which  William  IIL  made  him  a  privy  councillor.  He 
was  created  marquess  in  1701,  and  died  on  the  15th  of 
February,  1703.  He  married  Jean,  daughter  of  the  Mar- 
quess of  Argyll,  his  kinswoman,  and  by  her  had  two  children. 

William,  second  marquess  of  Lothian,  succeeded  his 
father  in  1703,  having  previously,  in  1692,  inherited  the 
title  of  Lord  Jedburgh,  and  under  that  dignity  sat  in  the 
Scottish  parliament.  He  entered  the  army,  and  was  made 
colonel  of  the  7th  regiment  of  Dragoons  in  1696.  On  his 
becoming  Marquess  of  Lothian  his  character  was  thus 
described  in  Mackay*s  Memoirs : — *^  He  hath  abundance  of 
fire,  and  may  prove  himself  a  man  of  business  when  he 
applies  himself  that  way ;  he  laughs  at  all  revealed  religion, 
yet  sets  up  for  a  pillar  of  presbytery,  being  very  zealous,  but 
not  devout.  He  is  brave  in  his  person ;  loves  his  country 
and  his  bottle,  a  thorough  libertine,  very  handsome,  black, 
with  a  fine  eye,  45  years  old."  The  marquess  had  the  com- 
mand of  the  3rd  regiment  of  Foot  Guards  conferred  upon 
him  in  1707.     Being  obnoxious  to  the  tory  administration. 


he  was  most  unjustly,  on  account  of  his  political  opinions, 
deprived  of  his  regiment  in  1713.  He  died  at  London  in 
the  6ist  year  of  his  age  in  1722,  and  was  buried  in  King 
Henry  VH.  chapel  in  Westminster  Abbey.  He  married 
his  cousin.  Lady  Jane  Campbell,  daughter  of  Archibald, 
Earl  of  Argyll  (beheaded  in  1685).  He  left  issue,  several 
daughters  and  one  son — William,  third  marquess  of  Lothian. 

Before  giving  any  description  of  the  third  marquess,  I 
wish  to  take  notice  of  his  celebrated  uncle,  Lord  Mark 
Kerr,  who  was  not  only  a  distinguished  soldier,  but  a  man 
of  remarkable  character.  Duelling  was  fashionable  in  his 
day,  and  he  was  a  skilful  swordsman.  He  had  a  slight 
squint  or  cast  in  one  of  his  eyes,  which  made  him  a  most 
dangerous  antagonist  to  encounter.  **  He  was  soldier-like 
in  his  appearance,  with  the  strictest  notions  of  honour, 
peculiar  and  very  particular  in  his  dress,  but  he  commanded 
respect  wherever  he  went,  for  none  dare  to  laugh  at  his 
singularities.  His  temper  was  easily  rufHed,  which  was  apt 
to  lead  him  into  rencontres,  too  often  with  a  fatal  termination 
to  his  antagonists.  His  frequent  appeals  to  the  sword  on 
trivial  occasions  drew  upon  him  the  imputation  of  being 
quarrelsome,  but  it  is  said  unless  provoked  he  never  meddled 
with  any  but  such  as  chose  to  meddle  with  him."  (Vide 
"  Douglas  Peerage.") 

A  characteristic  anecdote  is  told  of  him  when  quite  a 
young  man.  One  evening  at  mess  after  dinner,  an  officer 
who  delighted  in  bullying  others,  commenced  chaffing  Lord 
Mark,  little  knowing  whom  he  had  to  deal  with.  His  ch^ff 
was  ill-natured  in  the  extreme,  and  his  manner  insulting. 
This  was  noticed  by  the  senior  officer  of  the  regiment,  who 
dined  at  mess  that  evening.  Early  next  morning,  he  sent 
for  Lord  Mark,  spoke  to  him  gravely  of  what  had  occurred 
the  night  previous,  and  finished  by  remarking,  **  You  cannot 
allow  such  insulting  language  to  pass  unnoticed ;  you  must 
call  him  out."  Lord  Mark  replied,  **  I  have  done  so."  Then 
said  the  colonel,  half  in  jest — for  he  was  not  prepared  for  such 
a  reply  from  a  boy  hardly  out  of  his  teens — '^  Well,  my  lad,  I 


can  say  no  more,  you  must  run  him  through  if  you  can." 
'^  I  have  done  this  also,"  said  his  lordship,  pointing  at  the 
same  time  to  a  plantation  where  the  occurrence  took  place, 
which  could  be  seen  from  the  window.  Lord  Mark  entered 
the  army  in  1693,  ^^^  ^^  ^^^  battle  of  Almanza,  25th  April, 
1707,  was  wounded  in  the  arm.  As  lieut. -colonel  of  the  15th 
Regiment,  he  was  present  at  Vigo,  and  became  in  succession 
colonel  of  the  29th  and  13th  Regiments  of  Foot,  and 
eventually  of  the  nth  Light  Dragoons,  which  for  the  next 
hundred  years  became  quite  a  family  corps  with  the  house 
of  Lothian.  He  obtained  the  rank  of  general  in  the  army 
in  1743,  and  died  in  London,  2nd  February,  1752,  unmarried, 
and  in  the  seventy-seventh  year  of  his  age. 

William,  third  marquess  of  Lothian,  was  a  peer  in  the 
lifetime  of  his  father,  and  voted,  in  1 712,  as  Lord  Jedburgh, 
at  the  election  of  the  representative  peers  of  Scotland.  He 
represented  King  George  H.  as  Lord  High  Commissioner 
of  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Church  of  Scotland,  from 
1732  to  1738,  both  inclusive.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Sir  Thomas  Nicolson  of  Kemnay,  and  by  her  had  two 
sons,  William  and  Robert,  and  a  daughter.  He  again 
married,  in  1760,  his  cousin,  a  daughter  of  Lord  Charles 
Kerr  of  Cramond,  who  survived  him  for  many  years,  and 
died  at  the  family  mansion  in  the  Canongate  of  Edinburgh. 
The  Marquess  died  at  Lothian  House,  Edinburgh,  on  the 
28th  July,  1767,  and  was  buried  at  Newbattle  Abbey. 

Wilson,  in  his  Memorials  of  Edinburgh^  thus  describes  the 
house : — 

On  the  site  now  occupied  by  a  brewery,  a  little  to  the  eastward  of 
Qneensberry  House,  formerly  stood  Lothian  Hut,  a  small  but  very 
splendidly  finished  mansion,  erected  by  William,  third  Marquess  of 
Lothian,  about  1750,  and  in  which  he  died  in  1767.  His  marchioness, 
who  survived  him  twenty  years,  continued  to  reside  there  till  her  death, 
and  it  was  afterwards  occupied  by  the  Lady  Caroline  D'Arey,  Dowager 
Marchioness  of  the  fourth  Marquess.  This  scene  of  former  rank  and 
magnificence  would  have  possessed  a  deeper  interest  had  it  now  remained, 
from  its  having  formed  for  many  years  the  residence  of  the  celebrated 
philosopher,  Dugald  Stuart,  and  the  place  where  he  carried  on  many  of 
his  most  important  literary  labours.    In  1802,  it  was  still  the  residence  of 


the  professor,  for  which  he  paid  a  rent  of  £so  a  year.  There  was  a 
smaller  house  contigaons  to  Lothian  House,  at  the  foot  of  the  Canongate, 
also  the  property  of  the  Marquess,  which  was  then  occupied  by  a  Miss 
Scott  of  Ancnmu—Vide  Edinburgh  Advertisir, 

Lord  Robert  Kerr,  second  son  of  the  third  marquess, 
served  in  the  army,  first  in  Lord  Mark  Kerr's  regiment,  the 
nth  Dragoons,  and  afterwards  as  captain  in  Barrell's  Foot. 
He  fell  at  the  battle  of  Culloden,  on  the  i6th  April,  1746. 
''Standing  at  the  head  of  his  company  when  the  High- 
landers broke  through  the  regiment,  he  received  the 
leading  man  on  his  spontoon,  and  was  killed,  with  many 
wounds,  in  the  prime  and  bloom  of  youth." — Vide  Scots 

William  Henry,  fourth  marquess,  was  a  distinguished 
soldier.  As  Earl  of  Ancram,  he  was  aide-de-camp  to  the 
Duke  of  Cumberland  at  the  battle  of  Fontenoy,  April  30th, 
1745,  where  he  was  wounded.  He  became  lieut.-colonel  of 
the  nth  Dragoons,  and  commanded  the  cavalry  on  the  left 
wing  at  the  battle  of  Culloden.  For  this  he  must  have 
received  the  gold  medal,  obverse,  the  bust  of  the  Duke  of 
Cumberland,  which  was  given  to  officers  who  commanded 
regiments  in  this  battle.  He  seems  to  have  been  an  A.D.C. 
to  the  king.^  In  1752,  he  succeeded  his  grand-uncle.  Lord 
Mark  Kerr,  as  colonel  of  the  nth  Dragoons,  which  rank  he 
retained  until  his  death.  The  Earl  of  Ancram  served  as  a 
lieut.-general  under  the  Duke  of  Marlborough,  in  his  expe- 
dition to  the  coast  of  France,  in  1758.  Succeeding  his  father 
in  1767,  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  sixteen  representative  peers. 

1  In  July,  1746,  a  placard  was  placed  on  the  church  doors  in  the  city 
and  county  of  Aberdeen,  in  substance  as  follows: — "By  the  Earl  of 
Ancram,  aide-de-camp  to  His  Majesty,  and  commanding  the  forces  on  the 
eastern  coast  of  North  Britain.  Whereas  arms  have  been  found  in  several 
houses,  contrary  to  His  Royal  Highness  the  Duke's  proclamation,  this  is 
therefore  to  give  notice,  that  where  ever  arms  of  any  kind  are  found,  that 
the  house,  and  all  houses  belonging  to  the  proprietor,  or  his  tenants,  shall 
be  immediately  burnt  to  ashes ;  and  that  as  some  arms  have  been  found 
under  ground,  that  if  any  shall  be  discovered  for  the  future,  the  adjacent 
houses  and  fields  shall  be  immediately  laid  waste  and  destroyed." 


His  lordship  married,  in  1735 — ^the  year  he  joined  the  nth 
Dragoons — Lady  Caroline  D'Arcy,  only  daughter  of  Robert, 
E&rl  of  HoldernesSy  great  granddaughter  of  Frederick,  Duke 
of  Schomberg.  On  this  occasion  he  dropped  the  title  of 
Lord  Jedburgh,  and  took  that  of  Earl  of  Ancram.  He  died 
at  Bath  on  the  12th  of  April,  1775,  aged  sixty-five  years. 
His  family  consisted  of  two  daughters  and  an  only  son — 
William  John,  who  succeeded.  The  eldest  daughter.  Lady 
Louisa  Kerr,  married,  at  Dumfries  in  1759,  Lord  George 
Lennox,  brother  of  the  Duke  of  Richmond,  and  lieut.- 
colonel  of  Lord  Charles  Hay's  regiment.  —  Vide  Scots 

William  John,  fifth  marquess,^  born  March  13th,  1737. 
He  joined  the  nth  Dragoons  with  the  rank  of  cornet  in 
1754,  ^^^  ^^s  transferred  to  the  5th  Dragoons  as  a  captain. 
He  succeeded  his  father  as  fifth  marquess  in  1775.  When 
the  Horse  Guards  were  changed  into  Life  Guards,  the 
marquess  was  constituted  colonel  of  the  ist  regiment  of 
Life  Guards.  In  the  important  question  of  the  regency, 
the  marquess  voted  for  the  right  of  the  Prince  of  Wales, 
and  signed  the  protest  to  that  effect  in  1788;  on  the  king's 
recovery  he  was  removed  from  his  command.  He  eventually 
obtained  the  colonelcy  of  the  nth  Dragoons,  the  regiment 
so  long  associated  with  the  family,  and  retained  it  until  his 
decease  in  1815.  His  lordship  married  Elizabeth,  only 
daughter  of  Chichester  Fortescue  of  Dromiskin,  in  the 
county  of  Louth,  and  left  issue. 

1  In  the  loth  vol.,  *'  Public  Characters,"  the  fifth  marquess  is  described  as 
small  in  stature,  well  made,  wore  a  cocked  hat  finely  plumed,  a  wig  care- 
fully dressed  in  the  extreme  of  fashion,  a  coat  embroidered,  so  as  to  prove 
suitable  to  an  officer  of  cavalry,  and  a  pair  of  boots  which  reflected  every 
object  around  them  with  precision.  At  Covent  Garden  or  Drury  Lane, 
the  same  gentleman  was  usually  to  be  seen  in  the  king's  box.  About  1775 
the  family  sustained  a  severe  loss  in  consequence  of  the  destruction  of 
Newbattle  Abbey  by  fire,  a  venerable  and  ancient  pile  of  building  which 
recalled  the  memory  of  past  ages,  the  pristine  magnificence  of  monastic 
institutions,  and  the  former  grandeur  in  which  the  house  of  Lothian  was 
accustomed  to  live  in  Scotland. 


William,  WiLLiA^,  SIXTH  Marquess  of  Lothian,  was  born  on  the 

sixth  Mar- 

quessof  4th  of  October,  1764,  and  succeeded  his  father  on  the  4th 

Lothian.  ^f  January,  1815.    He  took  an  active  interest  in  the  auxiliary- 

forces  which  at  that  time  were  raised  for  the  defence  of  the 
country.  For  a  long  period  he  commanded  the  Mid-Lothian 
fencible  cavalry,  which  volunteered  their  services,  first  for 
Ireland,  and  afterwards  for  any  part  of  Europe.  His  regi- 
ment was  employed  in  the  suppression  of  the  Irish  rebellion 
in  the  year  1798. 

As  Earl  of  Ancram,  in  1810,  he  founded  the  Jedforest 
Club,  and  after  it  was  formed  he  presented  the  members 
with  a  handsome  silver  horn,  on  which  is  the  following 
inscription:  "Lord  Jedburgh  to  the  Jed-forresters,  1810;'' 
above  the  inscription  are  engraved  the  arms  of  the  family. 
When  his  Majesty  George  IV.  visited  Scotland,  landing 
at  L^ith  on  the  15th  August,  1822,  the  marquess,  as  lord- 
lieutenant  of  the  county,  was  the  first  to  receive  him  on 
landing,  and  on  the  28th  of  that  month  the  king  honoured 
him  by  visiting  Newbattle  Abbey. 

He  married,  first,  on  the  14th  April,  1793,  Lady  Henrietta 
Hobart,  eldest  daughter  of  John,  second  earl  of  Bucking- 
hamshire ;  and  by  her  (who  died  in  1805)  he  had  two  sons — 
John  William  Robert,  who  succeeded,  and  Lord  Henry  Kerr, 
who  afterwards  took  holy  orders.  He  married,  secondly, 
1806,  Lady  Harriet  Montagu,  youngest  daughter  of  Henry, 
Duke  of  Buccleuch,  by  whom  he  had  a  large  family.  On 
Tuesday  the  27th  April,  1824,  the  marquess  died,  at  the  age 
of  60.  He  was  visiting  his  brother-in-law,  the  Duke  of 
Buccleuch,  and  he  breathed  his  last  in  the  picturesque  old 
house  on  the  banks  of  the  Thames,  above  Richmond  bridge.^ 

John  William       JoHN   WiLLiAM   Robert,  seventh   marquess  of  Lothian, 
seventh  lord-lieutenant  of  the  county  of  Roxburgh,  and   colonel  of 

Manjuessof    the  Edinburgh  militia,  was  born  in  1794.     He  married,  in 

1  The  house  and  grounds  are  now  the  property  of  the  Corporation  of 
Richmond,  who  have  made  the  upper  portion  into  a  public  garden. 


183 1,  Lady  Cecil-Chetwynd  Talbot,  and  by  her  (who  died 
at  Rome  on  the  13th  of  May,  1877)  had  issue.  He  was 
designed  Lord  Newbattle  when  he  was  elected  a  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1813.  He  died  at  the  age  of  47, 
in  1 841,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son. 

William     Schomberg     Robert,     eighth    marquess    of  William 
Lothian,  was  born  on  the  12th  August,  1832.     After  a  most  Rot^,  ^^ 

distinguished  career  at  Oxford,  he  took  a  first  both  in  classics  figl^th 

Marquess  ox 
and  modern  history.     He  married  Lady  Constance  Harriet  Lothian. 

Mahonesa    Talbot,    daughter    of   the    eighteenth    earl    of 

Shrewsbury.      He  joined  the  Club  on  the  ist  May,  1854, 

and  died  in  1870. 

Schomberg  Henry,  ninth  marquess  of  Lothian,  K.T.,  Schomberg, 
P.C,  LL.D.,  brother  of  the  eighth  marquess,  was  born  in  Marquess  of 
1833,  and  succeeded  in  1870.  Intended  from  his  boyhood  for  Lothian, 
diplomatic  life,  he  became  an  attache  to  the  Lisbon  embassy 
in  1854.  ^^  was  shortly  afterwards  removed  to  Teheran, 
and  remained  in  Persia  for  some  .time,  serving  as  a  volunteer 
on  Sir  James  Outram's  staff  during  the  war  with  the  Shah, 
in  1856-7.  For  his  services,  he  received  the  medal,  with  a 
clasp,  "  Persia."  On  leaving  Persia,  he  became  a  member 
in  turn  of  the  embassies  at  Athens,  Frankfort,  Berlin, 
Madrid,  and  Vienna.  The  Marquess  is  colonel  of  the  3rd 
battalion  Lothian  Regiment,  having, been  in  active  command 
of  the  battalion  for  eleven  years.  He  is  also  captain-general 
of  the  Royal  Bodyguard  of  Scottish  Archers.  From  1887 
to  1892,  he  was  Secretary  for  Scotland,  and  Lord  Rector  of 
the  University  of  Edinburgh,  in  1887.  He  married,  in  1865, 
Victoria  Alexandrina,  eldest  daughter  of  Walter  Francis, 
fifth  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  K.G.,  and  has  had  issue — 

L  Walter  William  Schomberg,  Earl  of  Ancram,  born  29th 
March,  1867,  and  died  in  1896,  from  a  gun  accident  in 
New  South  Wales,  where  he  was  aide-de-camp  to  the 
governor,  the  Earl  of  Jersey. 

n.  Lord  Schomberg  Henry,  born  in  1869,  died  in  1870. 


Lord  III.  Robert  Schomberg,  Lord  Jedburgh,  born  in  1874, 

became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  on  the  29th  October, 

1.  Lady  Cecil  Victoria  Constance. 

2.  Lady  Margaret  Isabel. 

3.  Lady  Mary. 

4.  Lady  Helen  Victoria  Lilian. 

5.  Lady  Victoria  Alexandrina  Alberta  (H.M.  the  Queen 

6.  Lady  Isobel  Alice  Adelaide. 

The  Marquess  was  unanimously  made  a  member  of  the 
Jedforest  Club,  on  the  30th  April,  1869,  and  is  the  fourth 
marquess  in  succession  who  has  been  elected  to  this  Club, 
which  owes  its  origin  to  the  Lothian  family. 

Vice-Admiral  LoRD  Mark  Robert  Kerr,  third  son  of  William  John, 
Robert  Kerr.  ^^^  marquess  of  Lothian,  and  Elizabeth  Fortescue,  only 
daughter  of  Chichester  Fortescue,  county  of  Louth,  Ireland, 
was  born  12th  November,  1776.  Lord  Mark  entered  the 
Royal  Navy,  and  was  a  midshipman  of  the  *'  Lion,"  64  guns, 
with  Lord  Macartney,  in  his  famous  embassy  to  China,  1792. 
As  lieutenant,  he  served  in  the  '*  Sanspareil,"  80  guns,  in 
Lord  Bridport's  action,  1795,  and  was  promoted  in  1797. 
At  the  capture  of  the  important  island  of  Minorca,  Lord 
Mark  Kerr,  in  command  of  the  **  Cormorant  "  sloop  of  war, 
20  guns,  in  November,  1798,  rendered  essential  service 
to  the  Honourable  Lieut.- General  Charles  Stuart  and 
Commodore  Duckworth,  who  were  jointly  in  command  of 
the  expedition.  When  hostilities  were  again  renewed  in 
1803,  he  obtained  the  command  of  the  **  Fisgard  "  frigate. 
Lord  Mark  married,  i8th  July,  1799,  the  daughter  and 
heiress  of  the  Marquess  of  Antrim,  by  whom  he  had  a  large 
family.  He  died  in  London,  on  the  loth  September,  1840. 
His  lordship  joined  the  Jedforest  Club,  31st  July,  181 1. 

Lieut.-Col.  Lord  Robert   Kerr  was  born   on  September  14,  1780. 

Kctt.  KH.      ^^  ^^s  *^^  fourth  son  of  William  John,  fifth  marquess  of 


Lothian.  He  entered  the  army  as  an  ensign,  1798,  in  the 
8th  or  King's  Regiment,  and  obtaiped  the  rank  of  captain  in 
1803.  ^®  became  aide-de-camp  and  military  secretary  to 
Lord  Cathcart,  commander-in-chief  of  the  forces  in  Scotland, 
and  was  also  secretary  to  the  Order  of  the  Thistle.  In 
1809  he  was  transferred  to  the  6th  garrison  battalion,  and 
was  gazetted  a  lieut.-colonel  in  the  army  in  1830.  King 
William  IV.  conferred  on  him  the  decoration  of  a  Knight 
of  Hanover, 

Lord  Robert  Kerr  was  an  original  member  of  the  Club, 
and  was  one  of  the  number  present  when  the  association 
was  formed  on  the  loth  of  May,  1810.  He  married,  ip  1806, 
Mary,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Edmund  Gilbert  of  Windsor 
House,  Cornwall,  and  had  a  family  of  four  sons  and  five 
daughters.     Lord  Robert  died  in  1843. 


There  is  no  name  better  known  on  both  sides  of  the 
Border  than  that  of  Ker,  Carr,  or  Carre,  as  it  is  spelt  on 
the  English  side.  The  Northumberland  and  Cumberland 
border  families,  were,  like  their  Scottish  brethren,  a  brave 
and  lawless  race,  ever  ready  for  a  raid  or  foray  over  the 
border.  Although  there  was  a  mutual  recognition  of  kin- 
ship, no  common  origin  can  be  traced  between  the  English 
and  Scotch  families  of  the  name ;  and  perhaps,  what  is  more 
remarkable,  hardly  any  intermarriages  took  place  between 
them  for  several  centuries.  I  have  to  thank  Mr  S.  S.  Carr, 
Percy  Gardens,  Tynemouth,  for  information  concerning  the 
English  family,  about  which,  for  want  of  space,  I  am  sorry 
I  can  say  so  little. 

Among  a  few  of  the  well-known  old  English  families  of  the 
name  of  Carr,  those  of  Hetton,  Eshott,  Woodhall,  Dunston^ 
Ford,  and  Sledford,  may  be  mentioned.  They  resembled 
their  Scotch  namesakes,  and  were  entrusted  with  the  defence 
of  the  Borders.    John  Carre  of  Hetton  was  appointed  captain 


of  Wark  Castle,  upon  Tweed,  and  is  described  thus : — "  He 
ys  a  good  howeskep,  a  sharpe  boerdera,"  &c. 

In  1517  C.  Horsley  slew  John  Carre  of  Hetton  and  took 
:shelter  in  the  sanctuary  of  Durham.  The  old  tower  of 
Hetton  is  still  standing,  and  Hetton  Pele  was  held  for 
military  service  of  the  castle  of  Alnwick.  Thomas  Carr 
served  as  grome  of  the  chamber  to  Henry  VI.,  and 
George  Carre  of  the  same  period  was  the  great  merchant 
-of  Newcastle,  whose  example  in  commerce  was  followed  by 
many  branches  of  the  family — some  settling  as  merchants 
at  Bristol,  where  they  founded  the  great  charity  known  as 
Queen  Elizabeth's  Hospital;  others  as  merchants  at  Hull, 
Boston,  and  Sleaford. 

George  Carre  established  himself  at  Sleaford  as  a  mer- 
•chant  of  the  staple  of  Calais,  trading  in  the  export  of  wool 
from  Boston  to  the  Continent,  in  which  industry  he  acquired 
a  large  fortune.  He  dwelt  in  the  "  Carre  House,"  which 
now  forms  the  site  of  the  Carre  Hospital.  His  son  Robert 
•(familiarly  known  as  Old  Robert  Carre)  became  the  founder 
•of  the  great  landed  wealth  of  the  family.  He  purchased, 
among  many  others,  the  manor  of  Old  Sleaford,  forfeited 
iby  the  attainder  of  Lord  Hussey,  and  also  the  great  barony 
•of  Sleaford,  forfeited  by  the  attainder  of  the  Protector 

George  Carre  lived  to  a  great  age,  and  left  three  sons  and 
three  daughters  —  the  three  sons  (Robert,  William,  and 
Edward)  succeeding  in  order  to  the  estates.  The  latter 
was  created  a  baronet  by  James  I.,  but  died  a  few  years 
afterwards,  in  161 8.  He  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son, 
Robert,  who  became  second  baronet.  Early  in  his  married 
iife,  when  he  had  daughters  only,  he  made  a  remarkable 
settlement  of  his  castle  and  estates  upon  the  Earl  of  Ancram, 
•conditional  upon  either  of  Lord  Ancram's  sons  (Lord  Charles 
^r  Lord  Stanley  Kerr)  marrying  one  of  these  young  ladies. 
This  settlement,  which  was  attested  by  six  ministers  of 
State,  was  afterwards  as  solemnly  revoked  on  the  birth  of 
a  son. 



The  noble  and  distinguished  family  of  Roxburghe  has  held 
a  prominent  position  in  the  Borders  of  Scotland  for  upwards 
of  five  centuries.  Like  ancient  Scottish  families,  they  have 
had  many  vicissitudes  and  changes.  Beginning  as  Border 
iairds  holding  the  lands  of  Altonburn,  and  afterwards  of 
Cessford,  the  Kers  gradually  attained  to  the  peerages  of 
Lord  Roxburghe,  Earl  of  Roxburghe,  and  Duke  of  Rox- 
burghe. But  these  high  honours  were  not  all  acquired  in 
the  direct  male  line  of  the  Kers  of  Cessford.  They  continued 
to  be  commoners  from  the  middle  of  the  fourteenth  to  the 
•end  of  the  sixteenth  century,  when  Robert  Ker  of  Cessford 
was  created  Lord  Roxburghe  in  1599.  He  was  advanced  in 
the  peerage  in  1616,  with  the  title  of  Earl  of  Roxburghe. 
Up  to  that  date,  the  Kers  of  Cessford  and  the  Lord  and  Earl 
of  Roxburghe  continued  in  the  direct  male  line.  But  the 
first  Earl  of  Roxburghe  having  no  surviving  male  issue,  but 
four  daughters,  made  arrangements  that  the  eldest  daughter, 
Lady  Jean  Ker,  should  marry  her  cousin,  William  Drum- 
mond,  of  the  family  of  the  Earls  of  Perth,  and  inherit  the 
earldom  of  Roxburghe. 

The  origin  of  the  family  of  Ker  of  Cessford,  now  represented 
in  the  female  line  by  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe,  has,  like  that 
of  the  Kers  of  Ferniehirst,  represented  by  the  Marquess 
of  Lothian,  K.T.,  been  the  subject  of  discussion.  The 
descendants  of  the  two  families  of  the  name  of  Ker  had 
long-continued  contentions  about  the  precedency  of  the  one 
family  over  the  other.  These  contentions  led  to  bloodshed. 
In  1590,  Robert  Ker  of  Cessford,  afterwards  first  Earl  of 
Hoxburghe,  slew  William  Ker  of  Ancram,  the  head  of  the 
rival  house  of  Ferniehirst. 

The  Drummond  Earls  of  Roxburghe  continued  in  the 
direct  male  line  till  John,  fifth  earl,  was  created  Duke  of 
Roxburghe.     He  was  a  prominent  statesman,  and  held  the 

^  Vide  The  Report,  Appendix,  Part  III.,  Historical  Manuscript  Commis- 


important  office  of  Secretary  for  Scotland,  at  the  time  of 
the  union  between  Scotland  and  England.  The  Drummond 
Dukes  of  Roxburghe  continued  till  John  the  third  duke, 
who  died  in  the  year  1804,  unmarried.  He  was  well  known 
in  the  literary  world,  and  his  name  is  commemorated  in 
the  Roxburghe  Club. 

The  titles  and  estates  of  Roxburghe  then  devolved  on 
William,  seventh  Lord  Bellenden,  who  was  the  direct  heir 
male  of  William,  second  Earl  of  Roxburghe,  whose  fourth 
son,  John,  succeeded,  under  a  Crown  resignation,  to  the  title 
and  estates  of  his  kinsman  William,  first  Lord  Bellenden  of 
Broughton,  whose  mother  was  Margaret  Ker,  sister  of  the 
first  Earl  of  Roxburghe. 

William,  Lord  Bellenden,  thus  became  the  fourth  Duke 
of  Roxburghe.  He  did  not  live  long  after  his  succession, 
having  died  at  Fleurs,  aged  seventy-seven,  in  the  following 
year,  1805.  He  married,  in  1789,  Mary,  daughter  of  Capt. 
Bechinoe,  Royal  Navy,  and  niece  of  Sir  John  Smith,  Bart.,  of 
Sydley,  Dorset.  His  widow  married  again  on  the  19th  of 
August,  1806  (at  nine  o'clock  in  the  evening,  by  special 
licence,  by  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury),  John  Manners, 
son  of  Lady  L.  Manners,  at  her  grace's  house  in  Portman 
Square,  in  the  presence  of  the  Duke  and  Duchess  of  St  Albans, 
Lady  L.  and  Miss  Manners,  Sir  W.  Heathcote,  his  brother- 
in-law,  Mr  R.  Heathcote,  &c.,  &c. 

After  the  fourth  Duke's  death,  a  competition  arose  for  the 
titles  of  Duke  and  Earl  of  Roxburghe  and  the  old  family 
estates,  between  Lady  Essex  Ker,  daughter  of  the  second 
Duke  of  Roxburghe,  as  heir  of  line ;  Sir  James  Norcliffe 
Innes,  as  heir  male  of  the  body  of  Margaret  Ker,  daughter 
of  Harry  Lord  Ker;  Major-General  Walter  Ker  of  Little- 
dean,  claiming  as  heir  male  of  Robert  Ker,  first  Earl  of 
Roxburghe ;  and  the  Right  Honourable  William  Drummond 
of  Logiealmond,  as  heir  male  of  the  second  or  Drummond 
Earl  of  Roxburghe. 

This  remarkable  case  occupied  the  attention  of  the  Court 
of  Session  and  the  House  of  Lords  for  several  years,  and  oa 


the  iith  of  May,  1812,  the  House  of  Lords,  affirming  the 
judgment  of  the  Court  of  Session,  decided  in  favour  of 
Sir  James  Norcli£fe  Innes  Ker,  who  became  fifth  Duke  of 
Roxburghe,  and  is  the  great-grandfather  of  the  present  Duke. 
The  Roxburghe  estates  and  peerages  have  thus  been 
inherited  successively  by  the  families  of  Ker  of  Cessford, 
Drummond  of  Perth,  Bellenden  of  Broughton,  and  Innes  of 
Innes.  The  costly  litigation  is  said  to  have  ruined  General 
Ker  of  Littledean,  although  he  was  generally  admitted  to 
have  been  the  heir  male  of  the  Kers  of  Cessford.  The 
estate  of  Littledean  now  forms  part  of  the  beautiful  estate 
of  Lord  Polwarth,  on  the  banks  of  the  Tweed,  opposite  his 
principal  residence,  Mertoim  House ;  and  the  old  tower  of 
Littledean  is  still  a  prominent  feature  in  the  landscape.  In 
addition  to  Littledean  and  Nenthom,  county  of  Roxburgh, 
General  Ker  owned  a  small  estate  in  Northumberland,  called 
East  Bolton,  which  property  is  still  in  the  possession  of  his 
lineal  descendants.  Two  of  his  daughters  married  into  the 
Gray  family,  and  it  is  said  that  the  younger  of  them  (Mrs 
Edward  Gray)  was  the  original  of  Scott's  "Di'  Vernon." 
In  the  summer  of  1873,  a  nephew  of  the  writer  was  introduced 
to  this  lady,  then  very  old,  at  the  Great  Western  Hotel, 
Paddington.  The  general's  eldest  granddaughter  bore  the 
old  Ker  name  of  Essex. 

James,  fifth  Duke  of  Roxburghe,  was  the  second  son  James,  fifth 
of  Sir  Harry  Innes  of  Innes,  Bart.,  his  elder  brother  dying  R^5,2!»he 
in  his  father's  lifetime.      His  great-grandfather,  Sir  James 
Innes,  married  Lady  Margaret  Ker,  granddaughter  of  the 
first  Earl  of  Roxburghe.    The  Duke  became  a  member  of 
the  Jedforest  Club  on  the  26th  of  August,  1813. 

James  Innes  was  bom  in  1736,  and  cotild  thus  remember 
some  circumstances  of  the  rebellion  of  1745.  In  the  autumn 
of  that  year,  his  father.  Sir  Harrie  Innes,  went  to  CuUoden 
House,  and  from  thence  to  Dunrobin,  where  he  and  the 
Earl  of  Sutherland  were  unluckily  cut  off  by  the  rebels.     In 

this  dilemma,  they  embarked  in  an  open  boat,  in  the  month 



of  March,  1746,  and  crossing  the  Moray  Firth  in  safety,  after 
a  stormy  passage,  joined  the  Duke  of  Cumberland's  army  at 
Aberdeen.  Lady  Innes  was  left  at  Elgin  in  an  old  house  of 
the  Duke  of  Gordon's,  near  the  cathedral,  where  she  passed 
the  winter  undisturbed.  Her  family  consisted  of  three 
daughters  and  her  sons  Robert  and  James,  the  latter  the  sub- 
ject of  this  memoir.  As  the  Duke  of  Cumberland  advanced, 
the  estate  of  Innes  was  laid  under  military  requisition  by  the 
rebels ;  all  the  horses  and  cattle,  and  whatever  belonged  to 
Sir  Harrie,  were  carried  oiF  to  the  rebel  magazines  at  Minos, 
near  Inverness.  When  the  royal  army  drew  near,  Lady 
Innes's  position  in  the  midst  of  a  hostile  country  was 
sufficiently  alarming.  One  day  an  idle  fellow,  in  passing  the 
house,  fired  at  little  James  Innes,  the  bullet  striking  the 
stone  lintel  of  the  door.  Lady  Innes,  in  her  uneasiness, 
despatched  the  boys'  tutor,  the  Rev.  Mr  Simpson,  with  a 
letter  to  Sir  Harrie  at  Dunrobin,  where  she  believed  him  to 
be.  The  rebels  suspected  that  the  clergyman  had  been  sent 
with  some  account  of  their  strength  and  situation.  Being 
apprised  of  his  danger,  Mr  Simpson  that  night  crossed  the 
Spey,  and  got  safe  within  the  Duke  of  Cumberland's  lines. 
The  rebels  searched  Lady  Innes's  house  the  same  evening 
for  him  ;  happily  to  no  purpose.  The  Duke  of  Cumberland 
crossed  the  Spey  on  Saturday,  and  the  same  night  Lady 
Innes  and  party  were  guarded  by  Colonel  Bagot  of  the 
Hussars  and  Colquhoun  Grant,  who  remained  until  the 
advance  of  Kingston's  Light  Horse  obliged  them  to  join 
their  rear,  in  the  town  of  Elgin,  leaving  the  gates  barricaded. 
Next  morning  Sir  Harrie  arrived,  and  delighted  his  son  by 
presenting  him  with  a  small  sword.  James,  who  had  been  a 
spectator  of  the  fight  in  Quarrelwood,  was  now  mounted 
upon  an  old  dun  pony,  and  thus  set  out  towards  the  royal 
army.  He  was  presented  to  the  duke  as  he  was  leading 
his  force  on  their  march  from  Elgin.  On  the  following  day. 
Lady  Innes  and  her  children  accompanied  the  army  to  the 
banks  of  the  Findhorn ;  thence  they  were  conducted  home 
again — ^not  before,  however,  her  ladyship  had  extracted  from 
the  duke  the  promise  of  a  commission  for  her  son. 


James  Innes  was  educated  at  Fordyce;  thence  he  went 
to  Enfield  to  attend  the  Rev.  Andrew  Kinross's  academy, 
iinishing  his  education  at  Leyden.  He  was  appointed  to 
a  company  in  Sir  Robert  Murray  Keith's  command,  but 
joined  the  88th  or  Highland  volunteers,  in  the  year  1759. 
In  May,  1760,  the  regiment  embarked  at  Leith  to  join  the 
army  of  Prince  Ferdinand  in  Germany.  In  this  campaign 
both  the  87th  and  88th  regiments  suffered  severely.  Capt. 
Innes  had  several  narrow  escapes.  It  is  related  that  once, 
when  Surgeon  Jamison  of  his  regiment  was  whispering  in 
his  ear,  a  shot  struck  the  doctor  in  the  heart.  Towards  the 
close  of  the  war,  in  the  winter  of  1761,  he  obtained  leave  of 
absence,  and  went  to  London,  intending  to  seek  an  exchange 
into  the  Foot  Guards.  From  the  fatigue  he  had  undergone 
during  his  two  years  of  active  service  in  the  field,  although 
he  had  never  been  on  the  sick  list,  he  was  seized  with  an 
intermittent  fever  on  his  return  home,  which  rendered  him 
unable  to  return  to  his  duty.  His  regiment  was,  however, 
•disbanded  on  its  return  to  England  in  1763.^  During  Capt. 
Innes's  services  abroad,  his  father  died,  and  he  was  served 
his  heir  on  the  7th  February,  1764,  and  became  Sir  James 
Innes  of  Innes,  Bart. 

On  the  19th  of  April,  1769,  Sir  James  married  Mary,  eldest 
■daughter  of  Sir  John  Wray,  twelfth  baronet  of  Glentworth, 
county  of  Lincoln.  This  lady  had  succeeded,  in  1768,  to 
the  Langton  estate,  near  Malton,  in  Yorkshire,  on  the  death 
of  her  maternal  uncle,  Thomas  NorclifFe.  By  the  latter's 
will.  Miss  Wray  assumed,  by  royal  licence,  the  surname  and 
.arms  of  NorclifFe,  and  by  the  same  will  Sir  James  Innes 
became  Sir  James  Norcliffe.  Lady  NorclifFe,  though  not 
•endowed  with  personal  beauty,  or  that  charm  of  manner 
which  makes  so  many  plain  women  attractive,  was  highly 
-cultured  and  well  acquainted  with  the  best  literature  of  her 
time.      The  cynicism  of  fate  decreed  that  she  should  be 

1  In  the  Army  List  of  1782,  Sir  James  Norcliffe,  Bart.,  appears  on  half 
pay  of  the  88th  or  Highland  volunteers. 


united  to  one  with  whom  she  had  little  or  nothing  in  com- 
mon. In  course  of  time  the  inevitable  separation  took  place. 
By  the  marriage  contract  her  husband  had  a  life  interest 
of  ;^i2oo  a  year  charged  on  the  Langton  estate— of  which 
hereafter.  On  the  20th  July,  1807,  Lady  Norciiffe  departed 
this  life  at  Langton,  and  was  buried  in  Langton  church  on 
the  29th  of  July.  Six  days  afterwards,  at  the  age  of  71 » 
Sir  James  married  a  second  time,  his  wife  being  Harriet, 
daughter  of  Benjamin  Charliewood  of  Windlesham,  Surrey, 
and  sister  of  Lieut.-Col.  Benjamin  Charliewood,  ist  Foot 
Guards.  The  House  of  Lords  decided  in  favour  of  Sir 
James  on  the  nth  May,  1812,  and  he  became  fifth  duke  of 
Roxburghe.  It  was  not  until  the  12th  July,  1816,  that  a 
son  and  heir  was  born.  The  story  goes  that  the  young 
marquess,  when  playing  on  the  floor  at  his  old  father's  feet, 
when  scarce  five  years  old,  managed  very  cleverly  to  tilt 
over  his  old  sire's  chair  and  deposit  his  grace  on  the  floor.. 
It  is  said  this  piece  of  juvenile  mischief,  though  dangerous 
enough  for  a  man  of  the  duke's  years,  highly  delighted  the 
aged  peer,  who  felt  that  the  titles  for  which  he  had  fought 
would  be  properly  safeguarded  by  his  heir. 

The  fifth  duke^  died  19th  July,  1823,  and  was  buried  at 
Bowden  church,  the  old  burial  place  of  the  Kers.  Hia 
widow  re-married  Lieut.*Col.  Walter  O'Reilly  of  the  41st 
Foot.  It  ought  to  be  recorded  in  the  fifth  duke's  favour 
that  he  behaved  with  great  generosity  to  his  first  wife's 
great-nephew,  Major  (afterwards  Major-General)  Norciiffe, 
and  made  over  to  him  the  rent-charge  which  he  (the  duke) 
received  from  the  Langton  estate.  Owing  to  the  Langton 
property  being  left  to  his  mother  for  life.  Major  Norcli£fe 
did  not  succeed,  to  the  estate  at  his  father's  death  in  1820. 
By  the  duke's  liberality  the  major  was  enabled  to  settle  down 
and  marry.    There  are  two  portraits  extant  of  the  fifth  duke, 

1  It  is  sftid  that  when  the  lawsuit  was  going  on  he  wished  to  make  an 
arrangement  with  General  Ker  that  whoever  gained  the  day  shonld  pay 
all  expenses.  General  Ker  foolishly  objected  to  this,  and  his  wife  was 
indignant,  saying  she  would  be  duchess  or  nothing. 


one  at  Langton  and  the  other  at  Floors.  The  latter — a  life- 
sized  portrait — representing  his  grace  in  old  age,  is  a  valu- 
able work  of  art  by  that  eminent  artist,  Sir  Henry  Raebum. 

Robert,  third  earl  of  Roxburghe,  was  drowned  when 
proceeding  from  London  to  Edinburgh.  The  "Gloucester" 
frigate,  with  the  Duke  of  York  and  his  family  on  board, 
attended  by  some  smaller  vessels,  was  wrecked  on  Yar- 
mouth Sands.  The  other  vessels  sent  boats  to  the  rescue, 
by  which  means  the  duke  and  others  were  saved,  but  about 
one  hundred  and  fifty  persons  were  drowned,  among  whom 
were  the  Earl  of  Roxburghe,  the  Laird  of  Hopetoun,  and 
Sir  Joseph  Douglas  of  Pumpherston.  The  Earl  of  Rox- 
burghe was  heard  crying  for  a  boat  and  offering  twenty 
thousand  pounds  for  assistance.  His  butler,  who  was  a 
good  swimmer,  took  the  earl  on  his  back,  but  a  drowning 
man  clutched  at  the  latter,  and  he  was  seen  no  more. 

The  following  anecdote  is  related  of  John,  second  duke» 
when  a  boy.  The  first  duchess  possessed  two  china  vases 
of  great  value.  One  of  these  attracted  the  attention  of  her 
eldest  son,  who  in  his  admiration  unsettled  its  equilibrium 
and  shivered  it  into  atoms.  The  duchess,  on  returning  from 
her  morning  drive,  was  made  aware  of  the  destruction  of  her 
favourite  vase,  and  enquired  concerning  it.  "Why,  my 
lady,*'  returned  her  second  son,  Lord  Robert  Ker,  "  it  was 
caused  alone  by  John.  He  took  the  vase  into  his  hands,  and 
grasping  it  thus,  he  dropped  it.**  Suiting  the  action  to  the 
word,  Lord  Robert  dropped  the  second  vase,  fled  to  the 
woods,  and  joined  his  brother  there.  It  was  only  after  an 
anxious  search  and  promises  of  ample  pardon  that  the  young 
delinquents  consented  to  return  to  Floors. 

Wilson,  in  his  Memorials  of  Edinburgh,  states: — "Prior 
to  the  erection  of  Milton  House,  the  fine  open  grounds  which 
surrounded  it,  with  the  site  on  which  it  was  built,  formed  a 
beautiful  garden,  attached  to  the  mansion  of  the  Earl  of 
Roxburghe.  Roxburghe  House  appears  from  Edgar's  map 
to  have  stood  on  the  west  side  of  the  garden.  It  was  after- 
wards occupied  by  John,  fifth  earl  (the  brother  of  the  builder 


of  the  mansion),  who  took  an  active  share  in  the  Union ;  and 
it  was,  doubtless,  the  scene  both  of  hospitable  gatherings 
and  confidential  deliberations  during  the  memorable  trans- 
actions of  1705.  Gifts  and  honours  were  liberally  distributed 
to  secure  the  passing  of  the  desired  measure,  and,  soon  after, 
the  Earl  of  Roxburghe  was  elevated  to  a  dukedom. " 

Roxburgh  Close,  which  is  believed  to  derive  its  name  from 
being  the  residence  of  the  earls  of  Roxburghe,  is  still  in 
existence,  but  few  of  its  ancient  featiures  have  escaped 
alteration.  A  date  above  a  doorway  ca,rries  us  back  to 
1586,  in  which  year  the  ancestor  of  the  earls  of  Roxburghe 
— Sir  Walter  Ker  of  Cessford — died. 

James  Henry  Robert,  sixth  duke  of  Roxburghe,  K.T.,  was 
bom  on  the  12th  July,  1816,  and  succeeded  in  1823.    He  mar- 
ried, on  the  29th  December,  1836,  Susanna  Stephania,  only 
child  of  Lieut.-General  Sir  James  Charles  Dalbiac,  K.C.H., 
and  had  two  sons  and  two  daughters.    When  Miss  Dalbiac 
married  the  young  duke,  she  was  considered  one  of  the  most 
beautiful  and  attractive  women  of  her  day.    Her  mother, 
who  is  mentioned  by  Napier  in  the  <'  History  of  the  Penin^ 
sular  War,"  was  the  eldest  daughter  of  Colonel  John  Dalton,^ 
4th  Dragoons,  of  Sleningford  Park,  Yorks,  and  Fillingham 
Castle,  Lincolnshire.    At  the  battle  of  Salamanca  she  rode 
under  fire,  following  her  husband*s  corps,  the  4th  Dragoons 
(now  4th  Hussars).     In  the  same  regiment  her  brother,  John 
Dalton,  was  serving  as  a  captain,  and  her  cousin,  Mr  Nor- 
cliffe,  as  a  lieutenant.     The  latter  was  severely  wounded, 
and  Mrs  Dalbiac  nursed  him  for  some  weeks  in  the  town 
of  Salamanca.     He  recovered,  and  eventually  succeeded  to 
Langton,  once  the  property  of  the  first  wife  of  Sir  James 
Innes,  afterwards  fifth  duke  of  Roxburghe,  who  assumed  the 
name  of  Norcli£fe  on  his  marriage  {vide  preceding  memoir). 
James,  sixth  duke,  died  at  Genoa  in  1879,  and  his  duchess 
followed  him  to  the  grave  in  1894,  ^^  ^^®  ^S^  of  8o«'   9oth 
are  buried  in  the  family  vault  at  Bowden. 

1  Vide  Cleghom  of  Weens. 


James  Henry  Robert  Innbs  Kbr,  seventh  duke  of  James, 
Roxburghe,  was  born  on  the  5th  September,  1839,  at  ofRox- 
Floors  Castle,  and  was  educated  at  Eton  and  Oxford,  harghe. 
Upon  the  death  of  Sir  William  Scott  of  Ancrum,  in  18709 
as  Marquis  of  Bowmont,  he  was  returned  unopposed 
as  Liberal  member  for  Roxburghshire.  He  became  a 
member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  on  the  3rd  June,  1873.  At 
the  general  election  in  1874,  there  was  a  keen  contest,  and 
Sir  George  Douglas  of  Springwood  Park  defeated  the 
Marquis  by  the  narrow  majority  of  twenty-six  votes.  He 
remained  a  supporter  of  Mr  Gladstone  until  the  Irish  pro- 
posals were  brought  forward,  when  he  cast  in  his  lot  with 
the  Liberal  Unionists,  being  one  of  the  presidents  of  the 
Roxburghshire  Unionist  Association.  On  the  nth  June, 
1874,  he  married  Lady  Anne  Emily  Spencer  Churchill, 
daughter  of  the  Duke  of  Marlborough.  In  April,  1879,  his 
father,  sixth  duke,  died  at  Genoa,  and  he  succeeded  to  the 
titles  and  estates. 

The  Duke,  who  loved  retirement,  now  settled  down  at 
Floors,  happy  amongst  the  scenes  of  his  boyhood,  and  lived 
the  life  of  a  country  gentleman.  With  either  rod  or  gun,  he 
could  hardly  be  excelled,  and  was  well  known  at  Hurlingham 
as  a  crack  shot,  and  one  who  carried  oiF  many  valuable 
prizes.  As  a  landlord,  he  followed  in  the  footsteps  of  his 
father,  and  had  the  reputation  of  always  being  fair  and 
considerate.  He  was  patron  of  the  Border  Union  Agricultural 
Society,  chairman  of  the  River  Tweed  Commissioners,  lord- 
lieutenant  of  Roxburghshire,  a  deputy-lieutenant  for  Berwick- 
shire, and  a  brigadier  in  the  Royal  Company  of  Archers. 
Gentle  by  nature,  warm-hearted,  with  an  intense  love  of 
home,  he  lived  a  quiet  and  irreproachable  life,  beloved  by 
his  family  and  friends.  He  died  on  Sunday  morning,  a3rd 
October,  1892,  and  was  buried  within  the  precincts  of  the 
Abbey  of  Kelso. 




A  MONG  the  old  Border  families  of  Ker,  that  of  Gateshaw 
is  one  of  the  most  ancient.  In  the  year  145 1|  a  Thomas 
Ker  was  in  possession  of  Gateshaw.  He  was  a  younger  son 
of  Andrew  Ker  of  Auldtownbum,  from  whom,  it  is  said,  the 
noble  families  of  Roxburghe  and  Lothian  are  descended. 
In  1522,  Gateshaw  was  taken  by  the  English,  after  a  gallant 
defence,  and  destroyed  by  them  in  retaliation  for  an  incursion 
made  by  Lancelot  Ker  into  Northumberland.  This  same 
Lancelot  of  Gateshaw,  and  many  other  lairds  and  barons  of 
Roxburgh,  came  into  Jedburgh  on  the  i8th  of  May,  153O9 
"  to  submit  themselves  to  the  king's  will,  and  found  surety  to 
enter  before  the  justice  when  required,  to  underly  the  law  for 
all  crimes  imputed  to  them.'*  Gateshaw,  which  had  been 
strengthened  with  the  addition  of  another  peel  for  the  defence 
of  that  portion  of  the  Border,  was  fiercely  attacked  by  the 
English  in  15451  and  again  looted;-  and  it  is  stated  that  the 
tower  of  Gateshaw  and  New  Gateshaw  were  both  destroyed. 
Two  years  after  this  we  find  the  Gateshaw  Kers  again  at 
feud,  this  time  with  their  neighbours,  the  Scotts  of  Buccleuch, 
whose  lands,  lying  on  Ale  Water,  they  wasted  with  fire  and 
sword.  Passing  to*  the  year  1635,  ^^  ^^^  ^^e  ninth  laird 
of  Gateshaw — a  boy  under  age — contracting  himself  in 
marriage  to  "  Cicill  Ker,  dochter  naturall  to  ane  noble  erle, 
Robert,  Erie  of  Roxburghe,"  etc.,  on  the  agth  of  December, 
1635;  they  are  to  marry  before  the  ist  of  June  following, 
^'her  tocher  to  be  4000  merks,  he  to  infeft  her  in  lands 
yielding  88  bolls  of  victual  yearly,"  if  they  should  have 
daughters  only ;  and  in  the  event  of  their  having  male  issue, 
he  to  entail  the  estate  on  them.  He  made  up  titles  as  heir 
of  his  great-grandfather,  Lancelot  Ker  of  Gateshaw,  and 
resigned  his  lands  into  the  hands  of  the  superior,  Robert, 


Earl  of  Roxburghe,  for  new  "infeftment"  in  favour  of 
himself  and  Cicill,  his  spouse,  in  liferent,  and  to  the  longest 
liver,  and  to  their  son  Robert,  in  fee,  on  which  a  charter  was 
granted  on  the  21st  of  May,  1644.  J^^^  ^^^  ^^  Gateshaw 
died  sometime  before  1661,  leaving  three  sons,  viz.,  Robert, 
Andrew,  and  Henry.  Their  names  appear  as  mourners  at 
the  funeral  of  the  Countess  of  Roxburghe,  in  1675. 

Robert  Ker,  tenth  of  Gateshaw,  was  a  commissioner  of 
supply  for  Roxburghshire,  from  1661  to  1686. 

John  Ker,  eleventh  of  Gateshaw,  succeeded  his  father, 
Robert,  and  sold  the  estate  in  December,  1749,  to  Sir 
William  Scott  of  Ancrum,  Bart.  Robert  Ker,  eldest  son  of 
John,  is  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  sale.  Sir  William 
Scott,  after  having  possessed  Gateshaw  for  about  nine  years, 
sold  it  on  the  loth  of  October,  1758,  to  William  Ker,  town- 
clerk  of  Kelso,  and  also  chamberlain  to  his  kinsman,  John, 
Duke  of  Roxburghe.  He  afterwards  added  to  his  estate 
by  the  purchase  of  Corbet  House,  with  the  lands  attached, 
from  Thomas  Moir  of  Otterbum,  in  1765. 

William  Ker,  the  purchaser  of  Gateshaw,  was  bom  in 
1707,  and  was  a  descendant  of  George  Ker  of  Linton,  who 
was  related  to  Sir  Walter  Ker  of  Cessford,^  and  was  retoured 
heir  to  his  father  in  1528.  Ker  of  Crookedshaws  (heir  male 
to  Ker  of  Linton,  in  the  county  of  Roxburgh)  left  three 
sons.  The  eldest,  John,  an  officer  in  the  army,  married  in 
Ireland  and  had  one  son,  who  became  a  minister  at  Forfar, 
and  died  immarried.  The  second  Andrew  Ker,  a  merchant 
in  Kelso,  was  born  in  the  parish  of  Linton.  He  married,  in 
1704,  Marie  Cranstoun,  and  had  issue.  William  Ker,  the 
town -clerk  of  Kelso,  was  their  eldest  surviving  son. 

William  Ker,  first  of  Gateshaw  (of  this  family),  married, 
on  June  26th,  1739,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Gilbert  Eliott  of 
Stonedge,^  in  the  parish  of  Hobkirk  and  county  of  Roxburgh. 
He  died  in  1794,  leaving  a  very  large  family: — 

>  The  family  of  Roxburghe  have  always  acknowledged  their  connection 
with  this  branch  of  the  Kers. 
a  For  Eliott  of  Stonedge,  vide  Eliott  of  Stobs. 


Andrew,  born  1744;  died  1745. 

Gilbert,  who  succeeded,  born  February  7th,  1749  (was 
factor  for  the  Wells  estate). 

John,  born  1753,  died  in  1754.  . 

Charles,  bom  November  17th,  1754— of  whom  presently* 

William,  bom  1759,  a  writer  to  the  signet,  died  in  181 1. 

Robert,  bom  1761 ;  lieut.-colonel  in  the  East  India  Com- 
pany's service;   died  in  India. 

John  and  Cicily,  died  young. 

Mary,  bora  1746;   died  unmarried  in  181 1. 

Elizabeth,  bom  1751 ;  married  Ellis'  Martin,  merchant, 
Leith;  had  four  sons  and  eight  daughters. 

Essex,  born  July  27,  1756;  married  Capt.  John  Tumer, 
E.I.C.S.,  and  had  two  sons  and  one  daughter. 

Gilbert  Ker,  second  of  Gateshaw,  born  1749;  married 
Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Hood  of  Stoneridge,  county  of 
Berwick,  and  had  the  following  children: — William,  about 
whom  I  have  something  to  say  presently;  John,  bom  in 
1780,  a  lieutenant  in  the  19th  Foot,  who  died  in  the  island  of 
Ceylon;  Gilbert,  bora  in  1783,  a  midshipman  in  H.M. 
ship  '*  Bellequeuss,"  died  young ;  Thomas,  born  1784 ;  Jane, 
Eliza,  and  Cecilia,  born  respectively  in  the  years  1776,  1778, 
and  1779;  Margaret,  born  in  1781,  married  December  31, 
1808  (as  his  second  wife),  Francis  Brodie,  writer  to  the 
signet,  Edinburgh.  There  was  another  daughter,  called 
Agnes,  who  died  young. 

SirCbas.  Ker       SiR  Charlbs  Ker,  third  of  Gateshaw,  M.D.,  head  of  the 
o     ates  aw.    jj^yj^ary  medical  department,  bought  the  estate  in  1801  from 

the  trustees  of  his  brother  Gilbert,  who,  owing  to  his  large 
family,  had  got  into  difficulties.  Sir  Charles  was  knighted, 
in  1822,  for  his  distinguished  services,  by  George  III.  He 
was  unanimously  admitted  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  in 
1818,  having  been  proposed  by  Charles  Robson  of  Samieston, 
and  seconded  by  James  Elliot,  younger  of  Wooliee.  In 
February,  1835,  he  executed  a  disposition  of  his  estate  in 
favour  of  his  nephew,   William,  and  died,  unmarried,  on 


September  ii,  1837.  Miss  Ker  has  a  portrait  of  Sir  Charles 
in  her  house  at  Momingside,  Edinburgh. 

William  Ker,  fourth  of  Gateshaw,  born  on  the  24th  of  WiUiam  Ker 
July,  17759  succeeded  upon  the  death  of  his  uncle.     He  was 
a  merchant  in  Liverpool,  and  married,  on  the  21st  of  October, 

1806,  his  cousin  Jane,  third  daughter  of  Ellis  Martin.  They 
had  the  following  family : — Gilbert  (the  eldest  son),  born 

1807,  married  Isabella,  widow  of  George  Gregg  and 
daughter  of  Thomas  Pease,  Allerton  Hall,  county  of  York, 
and  died  in  1878;  Ellis  Martin,  who  succeeded  to  Gateshaw; 
Elizabeth ;  Margaret  Cecilia ;  Jane  Mary  Scott,  died  3rd  of 
September,  1894;  Essex,  died  1846;  Wilhelmina  Elliot, 
died  young ;  and  Anna  Maria,  died  1895 »  Georgina  Augusta 
Wilkinson,  married,  first,  William  Scoresby,  D.D.,  F.R.S. 
(who  died  in  1857),  and,  secondly,  in  1868,  Sir  William 
Johnston  of  Kirkhill,  county  of  Edinburgh,  late  Lord  Provost 
of  Edinburgh.  Mr  Paton  of  Crailing  proposed  Mr  Ker  as  a 
member  of  the  Club,  and  he  was  admitted  in  October,  1838. 
Mr  Ker  died  in  1864,  leaving  the  liferent  of  the  estate  to  his 
widow  (who  died  in  1872),  and  the  fee  to  his  second  son, 
Ellis  Martin. 

Ellis  Martin  Ker,  fifth  of  Gateshaw,  sold  the  estate  for 
;^36,ooo,  in  1873,  ^^  ^^^  ^^^^  Christopher  Douglas  of  Chester- 
house,  a  writer  to  the  signet.^ 


The  family  of  Ker  of  Cavers,  and  West  Nisbet,  are 
lineally  descended  from  Ralph  Ker,  brother  of  Thomas, 
abbot  of  Kelso.*  The  lands  of  Cavers,  Pinnaclehill,  and 
others,  belonging  to  the  family  of  Cavers  Ker,  were  originally 

1  Among  the  fiamily  portraits  in  possession  of  Ellis  Martin  Ker  is  one  of 
William  Ker,  town-clerk  of  Kelso,  bom  in  1707,  the  purchaser  of  Gate- 

>  Andrew  Ker  of  Ferniehirst  was  also  a  brother  of  the  abbot,  whose 
descendants  were  created  Lord  Jedburgh,  and  acquired  the  lands  of 


parts  of  the  abbacy  of  Kelso,  and  previous  to  the  Act  of 
Annexation  of  church  lands  to  the  Crown,  these  lands 
appear  to  have  been  held  under  the  abbots,  commendator, 
and  others,  who,  from  time  to  time,  had  the  management  of 
them  by  the  Kers  in  "  kindly  tenancy,*'  as  the  holding  was 
called.  For  how  long  the  family  had  possessed  these  lands, 
in  that  way,  previous  to  1524,  is  not  known;  but  from  a 
writ  in  the  family  titles,  dated  19th  November  of  that  year, 
it  appears  that  the  said  Thomas,  abbot  of  Kelso,  granted  a 
tack  to  the  said  Ralph  Ker,  his  brother,  then  in  possession, 
and  to  his  wife,  Marion  Haliburton,  and  their  "  bairns,*'  of 
the  teind  sheaves  of  the  above  lands.  It  would  appear  that 
the  said  Ralph  Ker  erected  the  old  house  of  Cavers,  for  when 
it  was  partially  demolished,  about  the  year  1777,  there  were 
taken  out  of  it  a  number  of  old  stones  with  coats  of  arms  and 
names  of  various  proprietors  carved  on  them,  the  oldest  of 
which  bore  the  names  of  Ralph  Ker  and  Marion  Haliburton, 
with  the  date  1532,  and  showed  their  armorial  bearings. 
These  old  stones  were  wisely  preserved,  and  were  placed  on 
the  back  walls  of  the  present  mansion,  built  in  1800.^ 

George  Ker,  the  son  of  Ralph,  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 
Thomas  Ker,  to  whom  and  his  heirs.  King  James  VI.  granted 
a  charter  under  the  great  seal  of  the  lands  of  Cavers  and 
others,  to  be  holden  of  the  king  and  his  successors.  It  is 
dated  the  last  day  of  May,  1603.  This  Thomas  was 
succeeded  by  his  son,  George  Ker  of  Cavers,  who  it  would 
appear  made  up  no  titles,  as  his  son.  Sir  Thomas,  obtained 
himself  served  and  retoured  heir  to  his  grandfather,  Thomas 
Ker  of  Cavers. 

Sir  Thomas  Ker  of  Cavers  was  born  in  1593.  He  married, 
first,  Agnes  Riddell,  eldest  daughter  of  Riddell  of  that  ilk, 
who  died  in  1635,  aged  thirty-four  years,  leaving  a  son, 
Sir  Andrew.  Sir  Thomas's  second  wife  is  not  mentioned. 
His  third  wife  was  Grissell   Halket,   second  daughter    of 

1  Alexander  Carre,  who  owned  Cavers,  Nisbet,  and  Hundalee,  partly 
rebuilt  the  house  of  Cavers  in  1800. 


Sir  Robert  Halket  of  Pitferine.     She  died  in  i682»  aged 
eighty-five  years,  leaving  four  daughters,  viz. : — 

1.  Margaret  Ker,  married  Deas  of  Coldenknows. 

2.  Christian  Ker,  married  Scott  of  Mangerton. 

3.  Grissell  Ker,  married  Patrick  Home  of  Polwarth,  after- 
wards first  Earl  of  March mont.  She  died  in  1703,  leaving 
issue,  eighteen  children. 

4.  Isobel  Ker,  married  Hugh  Scott  of  Galashiels,  and 
had  issue. 

Sir  Thomas  died  in  1681,  aged  eighty-eight,  as  stated  in 
the  inscription  on  the  tombstone  in  the  family  vault  erected 
by  Sir  Thomas,  adjoining  Bowden  church,  in  1661.  The 
north  transept  of  the  church  is  the  property  of  the  Cavers 
family,  and  the  canopied  pew  is  one  of  the  few  that  are  now 
left.  The  old  Norman  arch  under  which  the  pew  is  placed 
must  have  been  a  portion  of  the  original  church.  It  is  lined 
with  an  oak  case,  which  slightly  extends  into  the  church, 
supported  by  pillars.  There  is  a  private  entrance,  with  an 
ante-room,  over  the  aisle,  where  there  are  numerous  memorials 
of  the  family.  Above  the  door  is  the  date  1661,  and  the 
letters  S.T.K.  and  D.G.H. 

Sir  Andrew  Ker,  knight,  the  only  son  of  Sir  Thomas,  was 
bom  in  1630;  he  married,  in  1652,  Margaret,  eldest  daughter 
of  Sir  John  Wauchope  of  Niddrie,  by  whom  he  had  four 
daughters.  Lady  Ker  died  in  1661,  and  Sir  Andrew  in  1676, 
predeceasing,  his  £ather  by  five  years.  Both  were  buried  at 
Bowden.  Agnes,  eldest  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  Andrew 
Ker»  knight,  born  at  Cavers  in  1653,  married  her  cousin, 
John  Ker,  son  of  Mr  John  Ker  of  West  Nisbet,  in  Berwick- 
shire, in  1679.  She  died  in  1688  or  '89,  at  Nisbet,  and  is  buried 
in  the  family  vault  there,  as  is  also  her  husband,  who  died 
there  in  1737.  Anna,  second  daughter,  born  at  Cavers,  1654, 
married  Mr  Murray  of  Deuchar.  Margaret,  third  daughter, 
born  at  Cavers,  1656,  married,  nth  of  December,  1690, 
Matthew  Sinclair,  M.D.,  of  Hermandston ;  and  Jane  Ker, 
the  youngest,  born  at  Cavers,  1657,  married  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot 


of  Minto,  one  of  the  senators  of  the  College  of  Justice  in 
Scotland,  and  had  issue.  She  died  young,  and  is  buried  at 

Sir  Thomas  Ker  of   Cavers  had  a  brother  John,  who 
acquired  the  estate  of  West   Nisbet.      He  married  Jean, 
daughter  of  Sir  James   Ker  of  Crailing,  afterwards  Lord 
Jedburgh.    Sir  Thomas  had  another  brother,  Robert  Ker, 
who  acquired  the  lands  of  Middlemas  Walls,  and  married 
Isobel,  daughter  of  Andrew  Riddel  of  that  ilk ;  theiy  both  had 
issue.     Sir  John  Ker,  mentioned  above,  who  married  his 
cousin,  Agnes  Ker,  had  by  her  three  sons,  viz. : — Robert, 
John,  and  James,  who  assumed  the  name  of  **  Carre,"  from 
their  connexion  with  Lord  Jedburgh,  who  had  adopted  that 
in  place  of  the  original  family  name  of  Ker.     After  the  death 
of  Agnes  Ker,  the  mother  of  these  sons,  her  husband,  John 
Ker  of  Cavers^  and  Nisbet,  married  Miss  Home,  daughter 
of  Lord  Kimmerghame,  by  whom  He  had  several  children. 
The  eldest  of  this  marriage  was  George  Carre,  advocate, 
afterwards  one  of  the  Lords  of  Session,  taking  the  title  of 
Lord  Nisbet,*  on  whom  his  father  settled  the  estate  of  Nisbet. 
On  the  death  of  John  Ker,  in  1737,  he  was  succeeded  in  his 
estate  of  Cavers  and  others  by  Thomas  Carre,  his  grandson,, 
the  only  son  of  his  eldest  son,  Robert  Carre,  by  Agn^  Ker, 
his  first  wife.     Robert  was  married  in  1718,  to  Miss  Miln 
•(daughter    of     Mr     Miln    of   St    Boswells,   afterwards   of 
Noranside), who  died,  171 9*  leaving  no  children;  and  in  1720 
lie  married  Helen,  daughter  of  Sir  Walter  Riddell  of  that  ilk, 
Bart.,  by  whom  he  had  three  children,*  Thomas,  Agnes,  and 
Margaret.    Thomas  Carre  of  Cavers,  having  made  up  titles 


■  I  ■  I  ■       ■  ■  I 

1 1684.  Of  this  date,  John  Carre  of  Cavers  and  Nisbet  made  up  titles 
l)y  obtaining  himself  served  heir  of  entail  to  his  uncle,  Sir  Thomas  Ker. 
taking,  as  appointed  by  the  entail,  the  name  and  title  of  Carre  of  Cavers, 
and  bearing  the  arms  of  that  family. 

s  There  is  a  portrait  of  Lord  Nisbet  at  Nisbet  House.  Berwickshire. 

•  Bowden  Parish  Register.— Robert  Carr  of  Cavers  and  Helenor  Riddell, 
ills  lady,  had  a  child  baptized  before  a  meeting  of  people,  and  called 
Thomas,  February  2nd,  1724.  Do.,  do.,  do.,  a  child  called  Agnes,  May 
:25th,  1725.    Do.,  do.,  do.,  a  child  called  Margaret,  1726. 


to  his  grandfather  as  heir  of  entail  to  the  estate  (1738),  went 
abroad  for  his  health  with  his  travelling  tutor,  Dr  George 
Stuart,  afterwards  professor  of  humanity  in  the  college  of 
Edinburgh,  and  died  at  Naples,  in  July,  1740,  aged  seventeen 
years.  Agnes,  his  sister,  was  married  to  John  Hume  of 
Ninewells,  elder  brother  of  David  Hume,  the  celebrated 
philosopher  and  historian,  by  whom  she  had  three  sons — 
Joseph,  who  became  proprietor  of  the  estate  of  Ninewells ; 
David,  bred  a  lawyer,  who  was  sheriff  of  Berwickshire 
and  afterwards  of  Linlithgowshire,  professor  of  Scots  law  in 
the  college  of  Edinburgh,  and  one  of  the  barons  of 
exchequer  in  Scotland ;  John,  a  writer  to  the  signet ;  and 
two  daughters. 

On  the  death  of  the  said  Thomas  Carre  of  Cavers,  Mr 
John  Carre,  advocate,  the  second  son  of  John  Ker  of  Cavers 
and  Nisbet,  succeeded  as  next  heir  of  entail  to  the  estate  of 
Cavers,  in  1742.  Before  his  succession  to  the  estate,  Mr  John 
Carre  married  Elizabeth  Monteith,  the  heiress  of  Fox  Hall, 
by  whom  he  had  three  sons — John,  who  succeeded  him; 
Robert,  a  captain  in  the  Royal  Navy ;  and  Stair  Campbell 
Carre,^  a  captain  in  the  army;  and  one  daughter,  Agnes 
Carre,  all  of  whom  died  unmarried.  Previous  to  Mr  John 
Carre's  succession,  he  and  his  family  resided  at  Fox  Hall, 
"but  after  that  event  they  removed  to  Cavers,  and  Fox  Hall 
UTas  sold.  Agnes  died  at  Broughton,  near  Edinburgh,  in 
1778 ;  and  Captain  Robert  Carre  of  H.M.  Navy,  died  in 
October,  1778,  at  his  house  in  Hanover  Street,  Edinburgh. 
Mr  John  Carre  of  Cavers  died  in  1746,  and  was  succeeded  by 
his  eldest  son,  John.  John  Carre  of  Cavers  married,  before 
1730,'  Jean  Reid,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  and  two 
daughters — ^John,  who  succeeded  him,  a  captain  in  the  army ; 
and  Alexander,  for  several  years  in  the  East  India  Company's 

^  Stair  Campbell  Carte  joined  the  60th  or  Royal  American  Regiment  of 
Foot,  as  ensign,  on  the  7th  of  January,  1756. 

>  Extract  from  Register. — *'  John  Carre  of  Cavers  and  Jean  Reid,  his 
lady,  had  a  child  bom,  February  12th,  1730,  and  baptized  same  day  before 
A  meeting  at  Cavers,  and  called  Janet. 


naval  service.  Of  the  daughters,  Janet  died  young,  and 
Elizabeth  married  William  Riddell  of  Camiestown.  John 
Carre  of  Cavers  and  Hundalee,  having  made  up  titles,  took 
possession  of  both  properties,  and  resided  at  Cavers.  Jean 
Reid,  his  first  wife,  died  in  1757  or  1758,  and  in  the  year 
1763  he  married  Jane  Riddell,  daughter  of  Sir  Walter 
Riddell,  fourth  baronet  of  Riddell,  but  had  no  children  by 
her.  He  died  in  1766,  and  was  succeeded  by  Captain  John 
Carre,  his  son.  His  widow,  sister  of  Sir  John  Riddell  of 
Riddell,  died  in  Edinburgh,  in  1806.  Captain  Carre,  soon 
after  his  succession,  retired  from  the  army,  and  lived 
alternately  at  Cavers  and  Hundalee.  He  was  a  gentleman 
of  most  accomplished  manners,  an  intimate  friend  and 
favourite  of  John,  Duke  of  Roxburghe,  and  a  constant 
supporter  of  that  nobleman's  constitutional  measures.  In 
1777,  he  caused  the  ancient  house  of  Cavers,  as  already 
stated,  to  be  partly  taken  down,  with  a  view  of  erecting  a 
more  convenient  residence,  but,  having  by  that  time  made 
considerable  additions  to  the  house  at  Hundalee,  he  resided 
mostly  there,  and  in  Edinburgh.  Hundalee  being  in  the 
immediate  vicinity  of  the  royal  burgh  of  Jedburgh,  Mr 
Carre,  although  rather  of  a  retiring  disposition,  todc  a  g^eat 
lead  in  the  politics  of  that  and  other  burghs.  He  was 
repeatedly  chosen  Provost  of  Jedburgh,  and  at  one  time  had 
a  complete  controlling  influence  in  the  neighbouring  burghs, 
and  even  in  Lauder,  against  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale.  He 
died  at  Hundalee  on  Friday  the  28th  September,  1798, 
unmarried,  and  was  succeeded  in  the  lands  of  Cavers  and 
Hundalee  by  his  only  brother,  Alexander  Carre,  who,  on 
account  of  bad  health,  had  retired  from  the  East  India 
Company's  service,  and  lived  for  several  years  with  him 
at  Hundalee,  and  afterwards  in  what  remained  of  the  old 
house  at  Cavers,  till  the  new  one  was  erected.  Alexander 
Carre  of  Cavers  married,  at  Edinburgh,  on  Thursday  the 
3rd  January,  1800,  Ann,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Boswell, 
writer  to  the  signet,  son  of  Dr  Boswell,  physician  in 
Edinburgh,  a  younger  brother  of  that  upright  and  learned 


judge,  Alexander  Boswell  of  Auchenleck,  Ayrshire,  &ther 
of  James  Boswell,  the  biographer  of  Dr  Samuer  Johnson. 
Immediately  after  his  marriage  with  Miss  Boswell,  Mr  Carre 
built  the  new  part  of  Cavers  House,  and  chose  it  as  his 
residence  in  preference  to  Hundalee.  Alexander  Carre  died 
at  Edinburgh  on  the  20th  May,  1817,  leaving  no  issue.  The 
Hundalee  estate  went  to  the  Marquess  of  Lothian,  as  nearest 
heir  male  by  Lord  Jedburgh.  Cavers,  by  the  destination  of 
the  entail,  would  have  passed  to  Lord  Sinclair,  the  heir  male 
by  Margaret  Ker,  the  second  daughter  of  Sir  Andrew  Ker, 
but  on  the  opinion  of  President  Blair,  then  Lord  Advocate, 
that  Mr  Carre  had  power  to  leave  the  estate  of  Cavers  to 
whom  he  wished,  he  settled  it  on  Elizabeth  Carre,  his  sister, 
wife  of  WUliam  Riddell  of  Camiestown. 

In  the  year  1801  Mr  Carre  got  into  financial  difficulties 
and  sold  Bedrule,  which  had  been  acquired  by  the  family 
from  the  Turnbulls,  partly  in  1528  and  wholly  in  1623.  The 
upset  price  was  ;^i9,24o,  or  25  years*  purchase.^  At  the 
same  time  another  estate  belonging  to  the  Carres  was  ex- 
posed for  sale,  viz.,  Belches,  in  the  parish  of  Ancrum,  the 
upset  price  being  ;^8563 — 27  years*  purchase  on  a  rental  of 

The  third  son  of  William  Riddell  of  Camiestown,  Capt. 
Robert  Riddell,  R.N.,  succeeded,  and  took  the  name 
and  arms  of  Carre,  as  stipulated  in  Alexander  Carre's 
settlement.  This  officer  entered  the  navy  in  1796  as  mid- 
shipman on  board  the  ''Albatross,"  where  he  assisted  in 
capturing  a  couple  of  French  privateers.  He  was  present 
at  the  surrender  of  the  Dutch  Rear-Admiral  Storey's  fleet 
in  the  ''Texel,"  1799,  and  at  the  battle  of  Copenhagen  in 
1801.  He  was  also  at  the  battle  of  Algiers,  August  27th» 
i8i6.  When  her  Majesty  issued  the  naval  war  medal  in 
1849,  Admiral  Riddell  Carre  received  one  with  two  clasps 
— Copenhagen  and  Algiers.  He  died  unmarried  in  i860. 
His  elder  brother,  John  Riddell,  went  into  the  Madras  Civil 

^  Bedrule  was  purchased  by  Mr  Elliot  of  Wells. 



in  17979  and  became  a  imter  in  1799.  In  1813, 
alter  filling  various  appointinents»  he  became  collector  of 
Seringapatam.  His  bist  appointment  was  magistrate  of  the 
Zillah  of  Madura.  He  died  on  his  passage  to  England, 
February  yth^  18159  on  board  the  ship  *' Europe.*'^ 

The  estate  of  Cavers'  now  devolved  on  the  admiral's 
nephew,  Walter  Riddell,  second  son  of  Thomas  Riddell  of 
Camieston,  by  Jane  Ferrier.  He  assumed  the  name  of 

Walter  Riddell  Carr«  of  Cavers  Carre,  county  of  Rox- 
burgh, bom  in  1807 ;  married,  first,  1830,  Elizabeth  Riddell, 
daughter  of  Lieut.-CoL'  Lachlan  MacLachlan,  zoth  Regi- 
ment. This  officer  served  in  the  73rd  Foot  at  the  siege  of 
Gibraltar,  tmder  General  Eliott.  He  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  major  for  his  services  at  the  siege,  in  1783,  and 
afterwards  obtained  his  lieut.-colonelcy  in  the  loth.  Mr 
Riddell-Carre,  after  his  succession  to  Cavers,  compiled  a 
great  deal  of  interesting  genealogical  notes  and  anecdotes 
about  Roxburghshire  families,  which  after  his  death  were 
put  into  book  form  and  edited  by  James  Tait  of  the  Kelso 
Chronicle,  and  the  volume,  "  Border  Memories,"  is  now  very 
scarce.  Mr  Riddell-Carre  married,  secondly,  September, 
1871,  Mary,  third  daughter  of  William  Currie  of  Linthill. 
He  died  in  1874,  ^^^  ^^^  buried  at  Bowden.  His  wife 
survived  him  a  few  years,  and  died  suddenly  at  Cheltenham. 

Col.  T.  A.  Thomas  Alexander  Riddell-Carre,  now  of  Cavers,  late 

o/cltiS*^'*  colonel   4th    battalion    Royal    Scots    FusUeers,   was    bom 
Carre.  September    6th,    1831.      For    some    years    he  was  in  the 

Honourable  East  India  Company's  service,  and  retired  with 
a  pension  in  i86o.  He  is  a  justice  of  the  peace;  he  repre- 
sents in  the  county  council  the  parish  of  Lilliesleaf,  and  is 

1  Vide  Prinsep's  List  of  Madras  civilians. 

9  Newhail  and  Bewliehill,  two  farms  which  were  included  in  the  Cavers 
estate  had  been  sold  some  years  before. 

•  Lient.-Col.  Lachlan  M*Lachlan,  late  of  the  loth  Foot,  died  in  Fitzroy 
Square,  London,  in  1806,  aged  44. 


also  chairman  of  the  paiii^  council  of  Bowden.     Colonel 
Riddell-Carre  iarms  a  large  ^portion  of  his  estate,  and  is 
thoroughly  conversant  with  agricultural  pursuits.    He  mar- 
ried, in  August,   1865,   Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Alfred  T. 
Fellows  of  Beeston  Fields,  near  Nottingham,  and  has  a  son, 
Ralph,  born  in   1868.      He  had  two  daughters,  but    the 
youngest,  Grizel,  only  survives.    Olive,  the  eldest,  died  in 
1896,  much  regretted.    Colonel  RiddelUCarre  has  been  a 
member  of  the  Club  since  1874.    ^®  ^^^  proposed  by  Capt. 
Cleghom  of  Weens  and  seconded  by  Sir  Walter  Elliot  of 
Wolflee.     There  are  several  good  portraits  at  Cavers — Sir 
Andrew  Ker,  by  Sir  Godfrey  Kneller;  Thomas  Ker,  by 
Cornelius  Jansen ;  Colonel  M*Lachlan,  attributed  to  Gains- 
borough ;  George  Ker,  Lord  Nisbet,  by  Miller;  and  Alexander 
Carre,  by  Sir  Henry  Raeburn,  &c. 


It  is  established  by  charters  and  other  important  papers 
at  Kippilaw,  that  King  David  Bruce,  in  the  fourteenth  year 
of  his  reign,  that  is  in  1343,  granted  to  the  abbot  and 
monks  of  Kelso,  the  enjoyment  and  possession  of  the  village 
•of  Kelso,  with  its  lands  and  pertinents,  including  the  village 
of  Bowden  and  other  lands  adjacent. 

It  seems  also  clear  that  it  was  usual,  in  those  times,  for 
the  abbots  of  such  places,  to  commit  the  exercise  of  their 
jurisdiction,  as  justiciars,  bailies,  or  sheriffs,  included  in 
the  grants  of  land,  to  some  family  of  position  in  the 

In  this  way,  the  Kers  of  Cessford,  now  represented  by  the 
Dukes  of  Roxburghe,  discharged  the  above  duties,  and  were 
considered  protectors  of  the  religious  house  at  Kelso,  and 
of  its  rights  and  privileges. 

Then  came  the  Scottish  reformation,  and  it  appears  that 
in  1565,  in  the  month  of  November,  the  abbot  of  Kelso, 
with  the  assent  of  his  chapter  regularly  assembled,  did 
grant  to  Mark  and  Thomas  Karr  of  Yair,  in  consideration  of 
their  services,  seisin  of  the  lands  of  Kippilaw,  within  the 


.  barony  o£  Bowden  and  the  regality  of  Kelso,  to  be  held  by 
them  as  feu  and  heritage  for  ever,  on  payment  of  a  yearly 
sum  of  money,  and  by  the  performance  of  certain  services 

.  to  the  abbey. 

Some  ten  years  after — ^in  July,  1575 — King  James  VI. 
granted  a  charter  under  the  great  seal,  confirming  the  above 
charter  given  by  the  abbot  of  Kelso,  and  infefting  Mark  and 
Thomas  Karr  with  the  lands  of  Kippilaw.    Afterwards,  near 

.  the  close  of  his  reign  (1621),  the  same  monarch  granted  to 
his  *'  well-beloved  cousin,  the  Earl  of  Roxburgh  and  Lord  of 
Cessford,"  another  charter,  making  him  the  superior  over 
lands  for  the  infefting  of  Thomas  Karr  of  Kippilaw,  the 
grandson  of  Mark. 

In  the  year  1587,  the  abbacies  in  Scotland  and  their 
regalities  had  been  all  abolished  and  annexed  to  the  Crown, 
with  the  reservation  of  the  rights  of  the  heritable  bailies. 
In  the  case  of  Kelso,  these  offices,  originally  granted,  as 
shown  above,  by  the  abbots  to  Ker  of  Cessford,  were  con- 
tinued by  the  Crown  to  the  same  lord. 

The  estate  remained  in  this  condition  until  after  the 
middle  of  the  seventeenth  century,  when  Colonel  Andrew 
Ker  or  Karr  purchased  it  from  the  Karrs  of  Yair.  Colonel 
Andrew  Karr  was  of  the  same  family,  being  the  grandson  of 
Andrew  Karr  of  Yair,  who  married  Margaret  Ker,  eldest 
daughter  of  Andrew  Ker  of  Faldonside,  commonly  called 
'*  Little  Ker  of  Faldonside."  In  the  Kippilaw  papers,  it  i& 
recorded  of  this  couple  that  they  lived  together  for  sixty- 
three  years  as  man  and  wife  —  sixty  years  at  Yair,  and 
three  at  Sunderland  Hall,  Selkirkshire.  This  Andrew  Karr 
had  six  sons  and  four  daughters.  The  second  son  of  this 
marriage  was  Thomas  Karr  of  Melrose,  who  married  Mar^ 
garet  Knox,  daughter  of  Mr  Knox,  minister  of  the  gospel 
at  Melrose,  and  was  the  father  of  Andrew  Karr,  who,  as 
already  observed,  became,  by  purchase,  the  owner  of  Kippi- 
law. He  was  a  soldier,  and  eventually  was  appointed 
governor  of  Home  Castle.  A  portrait  of  him  in  armour 
is  still  in  good  preservation  at  Kippilaw. 


Colonel  Andrew  Karr  was  born  in  1620,  and  married, 
first,  Margaret  Maxwell^  daughter  of  Sir  James  Maxwell  of 
Calderwood  and  of  Lady  Margaret  Cunninghame,  daughter 
of  the  seventh  Earl  of  Glencairn.  She  dying  in  February, 
1673,  ^^  married  a  second  wife,  Elizabeth  Thomson,  and  by 
her  had  three  daughters.  Colonel  Andrew  Karr  died  in 
February,  1697,  ^S^  77  years. 

By  his  first  marriage  he  had  a  son,  born  July,  1659,  also 
christened  Andrew ;  he  married  Jean  Stirling,  and  had  two 
sons :  the  youngest,  John,  who  succeeded  his  father,  died  in 
1746;  the  elder  son,  Robert,  died  in  the  lifetime  of  his 
father,  without  issue. 

The  entail  created  by  John  Karr  in  1746  has  regulated  the 
succession  to  the  estate  for  more  than  a  century. 

John  Karr  (who  entailed  the  estate)  died,  as  shown  above, 
unmarried.  He  had  two  sisters — Margaret,  who  died 
unmarried,  about  1752;  and  Katherine,  who  married  Gilbert 
Ramsay  of  Kelso :  the  issue  of  the  marriage  was  three  sons 
and  six  daughters. 

Failing  male  issue  in  the  direct  line  of  Karr,  two  of  the 
sons — David  Ramsay  Karr  (who  for  many  years  was  sur< 
geon  to  the  dockyard  at  Portsmouth,  and  died  on  the  27th 
December,  1794,  at  his  brother's  house  in  the  county  of 
Surrey)  and  Andrew  Ramsay  Karr  became  in  succession 
owners  of  Kippilaw. 

Andrew  held  important  offices  in  the  presidency  of 
Bombay,  and  was  ultimately  governor  of  that  settlement; 
he  died,  unmarried,  at  Hatchford,  in  the  county  of  Surrey, 
1799*  A  tablet  to  his  memory  by  Nollekens  is  over  the 
south  door  of  the  church  of  Cobham,  Surrey.  There  is  a 
picture  of  him  in  a  red  coat  at  Kippilaw. 

The  eldest  daughter,  Jean  Ramsay,  married  Daniel  Seton 
of  Powderhall,  in  Edinburgh.  They  had  two  sons,  John 
and  Daniel.  The  latter  went  to  Bombay,  and  became 
eventually  lieut«*govemor  of  Surat ;  he  effected  the  transfer 
of  that  important  city  from  the  Nawab  to  the  East  India 
Company.    He  died,,  in  1803,  at  Surat,  where  his  tomb  is 


Still  honoured  by  the  natives.  John  succeeded  his  uncle^ 
Andrew  Ramsay  Karr,  at  Kippilawi  taking  the  name  of  Karr 
in  addition  to  his  own  name  of  Seton.  During  John  Seton- 
Karr*s  possession  of  Kippilaw — between  1799  and  181 5 — 
much  was  done  to  the  property ;  the  house  especially  being 
considerably  improved  and  enlarged.  The  approach  to  the 
mansion  up  to  the  beginning  of  the  century  was  through 
the  lands  of  Clarilawr  Fifty  years  ago,  the  avenue  of  trees 
leading  to  the  house  was  clearly  traceable.  The  south  side 
of  the  old  house  was  very  substantial ;  the  walls  were  said 
to  be  bomb-proof. 

Andrew  Seton-Karr,  who  succeeded  to  the  estate  c^ 
Kippilaw  on  the  death,  in  1815,  of  his  uncle,  John  Setbn- 
Karr,  was  the  eldest  son  of  Daniel  Seton,  lieut.-govemor 
of  Surat,  and  was  in  the  Bengal  civil  service  for  twenty 
years,  from  1791  to  181 1.  His  younger  brother,  Daniel 
Seton,  was  also  in  the  same  service,  but  was  lost  in  the 
<<  Skelton  Castle  "  East  Indiaman,  which  is  supposed  to  have 
foundered,  with  all  hands,  in  1805.  Andrew  Seton-Karr 
had  held  several  offices  of  trust  and  responsibility,  at  a  time 
when  the  East  India  Company  had  a  inonopoly  of  the  most 
important  branches  of  the  inland  trade  of  the  country.  .  He 
had  been  commercial  resident,  as  it  was  termed,  at  Haripal, 
and  at  Maldah. 

He  had  three  sons  by  his  marriage  with  Alicia  Rawlinson, 
in  1812 — ^John,  George  Berkeley,  and  Walter  Scott.  He 
assumed  for  himself  and  for  bia  issue  the  name  of  Karr,  in 
addition  to  his  own  surname  of  Seton,  by  the  king's  sign- 
manual  in  1815. 

The  eldest  son,  John  Seton-Karr,  succeeded  his  father  at 
Kippilaw,  in  1833,  and  died  without  male  issue,  in.  i86if. 
He  was  vicar  of  Berkeley,  Gloucestershire. 

The  second  son,  George  Berkeley  Seton  -  Karr,  was 
educated  at  Haileybury,  and  entered  the  Bombay  civil 
service  in  1837.  He  acted  as  resident  <d  Baroda  dur- 
ing Colonel  (afterwards  Sir  James)  Outram's  absence  ia 
England.    At  the  time  of  the  mutiny,  Mr  Seton-Karr  was 


collector  of  Belgaum  and  political  agent  in  the  Southem 
Mahratta  country,  in  charge  of,  and  surrounded  by,  chiefs 
discontented  and  excited  by  the  events  in  other  parts  of 
India.  During  that  period  of  danger  and  anxiety,  be 
displayed  a  rare  combination  of  tact  and  decision,  which, 
under  Providence,  saved  the  Southern  Mahratta  country 
from  the  horrors  of  an  insurrection.  He  received  the 
highest  testimonials  from  the  governments  of  Lord  Elphin- 
ston  and  Sir  George  Clark,  and  the  King  of  Portugal 
conferred  upon  him  the  order  of  the  *' Tower  and  Sword,'^  . 
on  account  of  the  services  he  had  rendered  on  the  Portu- 
guese frontier.  Mr  George  B.  Seton-Karr  died  in  England 
in  1862. 

Walter  Scott  Seton-Karr,  youngest  son  of  Andrew  Seton- 
Karr,  was  a  distinguished  member  of  the  Bengal  civil 
service,  which  he  entered  in  1842.  Dinring  his  service  in 
India,  he  filled  some  of  the  best  appointments,  such  as — 
secretary  to  the  Government  of  Bengal,  puisne  judge  of  the 
High  Court  of  Justice  of  Bengal,  foreign  secretary  in  the 
last  year  of  the  administration  of  Lord  Lawrence  and  the 
first  year  of  Lord  Mayo.  He  was  also  vice-chancellor  of 
the  Calcutta  University,  in  succession  to  the  late  Sir  Henry 
Maine,  and  he  held  other  offices  of  equal  importance. 

George  Berkeley  Seton-Karr,  above  referred  to,  married, 
in  1847,  Eleanor,  second  daughter  of  H.  Usborne  of 
Branches  Park,  Su£folk,  and  by  her  had  five  children — 
three  sons  and  two  daughters.  He  predeceased  hie  brother, 
John  Seton-Karr,  vicar  of  Berkeley,  in  1862,  shortly  after 
his  return  to  England,  haviqg  .never  recovered  from  the 
strain  of  his  arduous  work  in  India  during  the  mutiny. 

On  the  death  of  John  SetourKarr,  in  1884,  his  nephew,  Henry  Seton- 
Hbnry  Sbton-Kajkr,   MJ'.,  succeeded  to  Kippilaw.     He  ofKippiiaw. 
was  born  in  1853,  and  was  educated  at  Harrow,  and  Corpus 
Christi  ,  College,.  Oxford,   taking    a    second-class   honours 
degree  in  law  in  1876  at  that  university.      He  was  called 
to  the  bar  at  Lincoln's  Inn,  in  1879,  and  joined  die  Northern 


circuity  where  he  practised  for  two  or  three  years.  In  1885, 
being  connected  with  south-west  Lancashire  by  relationship 
and  early  associations^  as  well  as  by  marriage^  he  accepted 
an  invitation  to  contest  the  new  parliamentary  borough  of 
St  Helens  as  a  conservative.  After  a  severe  contest  against 
a  wealthy  and  popular  local  manufacturer.  Colonel  D, 
Gamble^  Henry  Seton-Karr  won  the  seat  of  St  Helens  by 
the  narrow  majority  of  57  votes.  This  seat  he  has  continued 
to  hold  up  to  the  present  date,. defeating  another  local  man, 
Mr  A.  Sinclair,  in  1886,  by  217  votes;  Mr  W.  R»  Kennedy, 
Q.Ck  (since  made  a  judge  of  the  High  Court),  in  1892,  by  59 
votes ;  and  Mr  J.  Forster,  another  local  man,  in  1895,  by 
617  votes.  Mr  Seton-Karr  became  a  member  of  the  Club 
in  1890 ;  he  is  a  deputy -lieutenant  and  J.  P.  for  the  county 
of  Roxburgh.  He  has  been  twice  married — first,  in  i880| 
to  Edith,  second  daughter  of  W.  Pilkington,  J.P.,  D.L.,  of 
Roby  Hall,  Liverpool,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  and  one 
daughter,  and  who  died  in  1884;  secondly,  in  1886,  to  Jane 
Jar  vie,  eldest  daughter  of  W.  Thorburn  of  Edinburgh,  by 
whom  he  has  one  son  and  one  daughter.  It  was  the  fate 
of  Kippilaw  to  be  let  for  a  period  of  about  forty  years,  prior 
to  1886.  The  former  owner,  John  Seton-Karr,  resided  at 
Strachur,  on  Loch  Fyne,  during  the  later  years  of  his  life, 
where  he  could  indulge  in  his  favourite  pastime  of  yachting. 
In  1 886,  the  present  owner  practically  rebuilt  Kippilaw 
House,  transforming  it  from  an  antiquated  residence  of  the 
sixteenth  century  into  a  modem  nineteenth  century  country 
mansion.  A  remarkably  fine  collection  of  sporting  trophies, 
all  shot  by  Mr  Seton-Karr,  are  now  to  be  seen  in  the  hall 
and  billiard-room  at  Kippilaw.  These  trophies  include  a 
good  collection  of  Scotch  and  Norwegian  red-deer  heads, 
and  also  some  very  fine  specimens  of  the  big  game  of  North 
America,  including  heads  and  skins  of  wapiti  deer,  ovis 
nunUana^  buffalo,  black-tail  deer,  antelope,  and  grizzly  bear, 
obtained  in  a  series  of  sporting  expeditions  into  Northern 
Wyoming,  in  the  Rocky  Mountains,  between  the  years  1876 
And  1894.    Inuring  his  American  travels,  Mr  Seton-Karr  has 



visited  Canada,  and  also  explored  a  portion  of  the  west  coast 
of  the  island  of  Vancouver,  British  Columbia. 


I.  Kerr  of  Chatto,  now  Scott -Kerr,  is  descended  from 
James,  third  son  of  Ker  of  Greenhead,  who  purchased  the 
lands  of  Over  Chatto  from  Alexander  Lord  Home,  in  1595, 
and  also  the  lands  of  Coatlands,  in  Heiton,  from  John 
Ainslie,  in  i6oo.  He  acquired  likewise  *'the  lands  of 
Synlaws  with  'Myln  and  Myln  lands  thereof,  in  1614;"  from 
William  Rutherfoord,  who  is  said  to  have  been  the  father  of 
the  Earl  of  Teviot,  killed  at  Tangiers,  where  he  was  sent  as 
governor  by  King  Charles  H.  James  Kerr  also  acquired 
through  a  ''wadsett'*  from  John  Rutherfurd,  elder,  and 
Thomas  Rutherfurd,  younger,  of  Hunthill,  the  lands  of 
Hangingshawi  Gartshawfield,  and  Penn3miuir,  "  laying  con- 
tiguous to  Chatto."  He  married  Christian,  sister  of  Sir 
John  Stuart,  afterwards  Earl  of  Traquair,  and  died  in  1615, 
being  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son. 

n.  James  Kerr,  second  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws.  He  had 
one  brother,  Andrew,  and  two  sisters.  James  married  Joan 
Murray,  a  daughter  of  Murray  of  Philiphaugh,  and  died  in 
1 63 1,  leaving  a  son,  John,  and  three  daughters.  He  was 
very  extravagant,  and  left  his  estates  heavily  encumbered. 

HI.  John  Kerr,  third  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  married 
Christian,  his  cousin,  the  youngest  daughter  of  his  uncle 
Andrew,  by  whom  he  had  issue.  Henry/  who  married 
Miss  Wauchope  of  Edmonstone,  by  whom  he  had  one  son, 
the  last  Kerr  of  Frogden.  John  found  his  father's  debts  too 
great  a  burden,  and  he  was  prevailed  upon  by  his  great- 
uncle,  the  Earl  of  Traquair,  who  was  one  of  the  creditors, 
to  sell  him  the  estates.  The  Earl  then  purchased  all  his 
debts,  which  amounted  to  upwards  of  ;^30,ooo.  The  deed  of 
purchase  is  dated  June  4,  1632.    This  nobleman  presented  a 

1  Henry  Kerr  had  also  several  daughters,  one  of  whom,  Barbara,  married 
£>r  Scott,  whose  son,  William,  became  Scott-Kerr  of  Chatto. 


singular  instance  of  the  mutability  of  fortune,  for,  from  beiagr 
very  rich,  he  sank  down  into  the  lowest  drcumstances  of 
poverty.  Andrew  Kerr,  uncle  to  John,  advancing  in  fortune 
and  reputation  as  his  uncle,  the  Earl  ef  Traquair,  declined^ 
first  purchased  from  him  the  lands  of  Chatto,  Hangingshaw, 
Gaitshawiield,  and  Pennymuir,  and  obtained  from  him  a 
disposition,  with  consent  of  Joan  Murray,  widow  of  his 
brother  James,  dated  June.  31st)  1637.  Eventually  he  bought 
from  the  Traquair  trustees  the  lands  of  '^Synlaws"  and 
Coatlands  in  IJeiton,  to  which  purchase  he  obtained  the 
consent  of  Lord  Lintown,  the  earl's  eldest  son,  dated  June 
5th,  1647.  Andrew  Kerr  also  purchased  chambers  in 
Edinburgh,  as  an  estate  office  for  the  transaction  of  his 

IV.  Andrew  Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  son  of  the  first 
and  uncle  of  the  last,  married  Elizabeth,  daug^hter  of  James 
Wright  of  Gladswood,  and  died  in  1661.  He  was  successful 
in  all  his  affairs,  and  was  most  attentive  to  business.  He 
rescued  the  estate^  which  had  passed  away  from  the  family, 
and  added  several  "  new  conquests,'*  all  of  which  he  settled 
on  his  nephew  John,  ffdling  his  only  son,  William,  a  weakly 
boy.  Andrew  Kerr  "  fell  in  with  the  tymes  of  Cromwell's 
usurpation,,  and  acted  both  as  sheriff  and  commissary  depute, 
under  Howard,  Earl  of  Carlisle,  in  the  shire  of  Roxburgh, 
when  tho3e  courts,  after  a  long  recess,  being  again  by  him 
opened,  were  resorted  to,  much  to  his  advantage."  He  left 
issue,  two  daughters,  Joan  and  Christian,  who  both  married 
— the  latter  to  her  cousin,  John  Kerr  of  Chatto — and  a  son, 

V.  William  Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws  was  bom  in  1653, 
and  married,  in  1673,  Christian,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Scott  pf  Harden,  by  whom  he  had  seven  children, 
viz.: — Williani,  who  died    in   1705;    John,\  designed    the 

Extracts  from  MS.  family  history. 

1  John  married  Margaret,  who  was  bom  in  1680,  a  daughter  of  Gilbert^ 
brother  of  Sir  William  Kerr  of  Greenhead,  and  had  -issuOp  a  son  Gilbert* 
^bom  1 71 1.    This  John  was  disinherited,  but  was  granted  an  annuity. 


younger  of  Chatto.;  Elizabeth,  born  September  1 6th,  1683; 
Christian,  who  succeeded ;  Robert,^  bom  in  1687,  ^^  ^^ 
in  Maryland,  whither  he  had  been  transported  for  being 
concerned  in  the  rebellion  of  171 5;  Margaret,  bom  in  1689, 
and  Joan  in  1690.  William  Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws 
married,  secondly,  Grizzel  Porteous.  He  had  no  children  by 
her,  and  died  in  1721,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  daughter. 
Christian,  commonly  called  Lady  Chatto. 

William,  who  as  a  lad  was  so  delicate,  and  his  life  so 
precarious  that  his  father  never  thought  he  would  succeed, 
was  sent  early  to  travel  for  his  health,  under  the  care  of  a 
Dr  Shaw.  They  visited  France  and  Italy ;  on  their  return 
home,  William  married  before  he  was  twenty-one  years  of 
age.  He  lived  with  his  father-in-law  for  some  time,  but 
when  his  family  began  to  increase,  he  bought  a  house  called 
the  "Lodging,"  in  Kelso,  built  by  William,  Eari  of 
Roxburghe,  from  Henry  Ker,  son  of  Earl  William,  with 
consent  of  Earl  Robert,  his  eldest  brother.  He  then  removed 
with  his  family  to  Kelso,  where  he  .  remained  until  the 
revolution:— <*  when  being  disturbed  by  the  troubles  of  the 
tymes,'*  he  again  changed  his  quarters,  and  went  to  reside 
in  Durham,  leaving  his  two  elder  boys  at  school,  imder  the 
care  of  a  governor,  at  Musselburgh.  From  Durham  he 
removed  to  York,  and  from  York  to  London,  where  his  wife 
died,  and  was  buried  in  '^King  Henry  ye  VHL  Chappell" 
in  Westminster.  He  retumed  to  Scotland  in  1700,  and  took 
up  his  abode  in  Kelso,  while  the  house  at  Sunlaws  was  being 
prepared  for  his  reception.  He  now  settled  down  in  the 
family  mansion  and  married  again — "marrying  with  Mrs 
Grizzel  Porteotts,  who,  from  the  attachment  she  had  to  his 
family  and  person,  he  thought  fit  to  prefer  her  to  a  stranger." 
WiUiam  Kerr  got  so  entangled  in  litigation^  that  his  estate 
of  Ormiston  had  to  be  sold.  It  was  purchased  by  William 
Elliot  of  Wells,  for  whom  Sir  Gilbert  Eliott  of  Stobs,  his 
son-in-law,  acted  as  tmstee.    In  1720,  the  house  of  Sunlaws 

■ • — • • • ■ — r — 1 -m        ^^^^^  ■■  ■  ■  I  II  T  I  ^    -I       -  -  - — — 

^  Robert  was  taken  prisoner  at  Preston.    From  MS.  family  history. 


was  discovered  one  night  to  be  in  flames^  and  Mr  Kerr  had 
a  narrow  escape  for  his  Ufe.  After  this  he  returned  to  live 
at  his  house  in  Kelso,  and  died  there  on  the  2ist  of  January, 
1721,  in  the  sixty-eighth  year  of  his  age.  To  his  second 
wife,  who  only  survived  him  a  year  and  a  few  months,  he 
left  an  annuity  of  1200  merks.  The  only  two  survivors  of 
his  family  were  John  and  Christian. 

VI.  Christian  Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  commonly 
called  Lady  Chatto,  succeeded  her  father.  She  was  a  lady  of 
firm  resolution,  and  was  not  discouraged  by  the  difficulties 
which  surrounded  her.  She  first  settled  affairs  with  her 
disinherited  brother,  and  gave  him  a  sum  of  money  besides 
his  annuity.  Soon  after  her  succession,  her  troubles  began — 
vide  the  following  letter  from  the  Duke  of  Roxburghe,  who 
refers  to  her  difficulties : — 

V^HITBHALL,  November  24,  1722. 

Sir, — I  have  had  yours  of  the  zyth,  and  you  are  sure  shall  be  glad  to  do 
Chatto  all  the  service  I  can,  but  I  have  not  yet  seen  Mr  Cumming,  and  so 
cannot  say  anything  as  to  the  merits  of  the  cause,  but  hope  that  neither 
you  nor  any  of  your  family  will  doubt  of  my  good  wishes. 

I  am,  your  most  humble  servant. 

To  Sir  William  Ker  Roxburghe, 

Lady  Chatto  added  considerably  to  the  mansion-house  of 
Sunlaws,  and  built  an  entirely  new  house  at  Chatto.  She 
married  her  cousin,  Charles  Kerr,  but  left  no  qhildren. 
Lady  Chatto  entailed  the  estates  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws 
(entail  dated  May  17th,  1759)  on  William  Scott,  junior, 
merchant  in  Edinburgh,  eldest  son  of  the  deceased  Dr 
Alexander  Scott  of  Thirlestain  and  Barbara,  daughter  of 
Henry  Kerr  of  Frogden. 

William  Scott  of  Thirlestain  assumed  by  royal  licence 
the  name  and  arms  of  Kerr  on  the  decease  of  Lady  Chatto, 
and  became,  therefore,  William  Scott-Kerr  of  Thirlestain, 
Chatto,  and  Sunlaws. 

1.  The  family  of  Scott  of  Thirlestain  is  descended  from 
James  Scott,  brother  of  Sir  William  Scott  of  Harden,  who 

Extracts  from  MS.  family  history. 


purchased  Thirlestaio,  HeitoQ  Mains  and  Mill  from  Sir 
Andrew  Ker  of  Greenhead,  in  1661,  He  married  Agnes 
Riddell  on  the  17th  of  March,  1659,  and  had  issue — Mary, 
born  1660,  and  married  Gideon  Scott  of  Falnash ;  William, 
who  succeeded,  bom  February  17th,  1663 ;  Walter,  John, 
and  Gideon,  and  two  sisters,  who  died  unmarried. 

II.  William  Scott  of  Thirlestain,  married,  in  1684,  Christ- 
ian Don,  and  had  thirteen  children.  The  first  four  died  young. 
Agnes,  who  came  fifth,  born  in  1690,  married  Walter  Scott 
of  Harden  {vide  Polwarth) ;  Alexander,  born  1691,  a  doctor 
of  medicine,  succeeded ;  Walter,  born  1692,  a  wine  merchant 
at  Leith — of  whom  presently. 

The  remaining  six  died  unmarried. 

III.  Alexander  Scott  of  Thirlestain,  doctor  of  medicine, 
third  surviving  son  of  the  above  William  Scott,  married 
Barbara,  daughter  of  Henry  Kerr  of  Frogden,  who  was  a 
first  cousin  of  Lady  Chatto.  Dr  Scott  died  in  1743,  and 
his  wife  in  1781.  They  had  eleven  children  —  Barbara, 
bom  1730,  died  1776;  William,  born  1731,  a  merchant  in 
Edinburgh,  who  succeeded  to  Chatto  and  Sunlaws;  Christ- 
ian, born  1732,  married  Leith  of  Freefield.  The  rest  of 
the  family  were  named — ^John,  Anne,  James,  Rebecca, 
Agnes,  Charles,  Walter,  and  Madeline,  the  youngest 
daughter,  bom  in  1739.  This  last-named  lady  was  a  well- 
known  member  of  the  family,  and  lived  to  a  good  old  age. 
She  resided  in  the  south  side  of  George  Square,  and  was 
called  by  her  friends  ''Aunt  Maddy.**  On  her  door  plate 
she  designed  herself  as  ''  Miss  Scott  of  Thirlestain." 

Walter  Scott,  wine  merchant,  was  twice  married — first,  to 
Martha,  daughter  of  Cunningham  of  Balbougie,  and  by  her 
had  a  son,  Thomas ;  by  his  second  marriage,  a  son,  Walter, 
and  a  daughter,  Euphemia,  who  survived  him.    He  died  in 

Thomas,  bom  in  1722,  became  minister  of  Cavers,  and 

afterwards  of  South   Leith.     He  married    Helen   Balfour, 

Pilrig,  and  died  1790.     Their  eldest  son  was  also  educated 

for  the  church,  and  became  the  Rev.  Thomas  Scott,  minister 


of  Newton,  near  Edinburgh.  He  was  bom  1764,  and  died 
1825,  having  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Ellis  Martin,  by 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Gilbert  Ker  of  Gateshaw,  Roxburgh- 
shire. Their  eldest  son  was  Thomas  Scott,  C.A.,  Edinburgh, 
born  1799,  who  married,  in  1829,  Jane  Walker,  daughter  of 
Francis  Brodie,  writer  to  the  signet.  Captain  Walter  Scott, 
younger  brother  of  Thomas  Scott,  when  he  went  to  India, 
in  1822,  as  a  cadet,  took  letters  of  introduction  from  Sir 
Walter  Scott,  in  which  he  describes  him  as  his  cousin. 
Mr  Thomas  Scott  died  in  1883,  and  left  issue,  among  others, 
Thomas  Scott,  C.A.,  bom  in  183 1,  and  unmarried,  who  now 
represents  this,  a  yoimger  branch,  of  the  old  family  of  Scott 
of  Thirlestain. 

William  Scott-Kerr  of  Thirlestain,  Chatto,  and  Sunlaws, 
married,  in  1762,  Elizabeth  Graeme  of  Balgowan,  and  died 
May  4th,  1782,  having  had  the  following  children : — 

Elizabeth,  born  in-  1763,  married  Dr  James  Chichester 
Maclaurin ;  she  survived  him,  and  died  at  Brighton  on  the 
1 8th  of  December,  1845. 

Barbara  Christian,  born  1766,  died  unmarried  in  1845. 

Janet  Murray,  married  Sir  Peter  Thriepland,  Bart. 

Alexander,  who  succeeded  to  the  family  estates. 

Robert,  who  succeeded  his  brother. 

Charlotte,  who  lived  with  her  sister  Barbara  in  No.  13 
Stafford  Street,  Edinburgh.  These  ladies  were  well  known 
in  Edinburgh  society  during  the  first  half  of  this  century. 
Their  entertainments  and  dancing  parties  were  most  popular. 

Stuart,  died  in  Edinburgh  in  1797. 

Rebecca  Agnes,  "  Nancy  Rebecca  **  as  she  was  called,  died 
April  7th,  1796,  also  in  Edinburgh. 

Mr  Scott-Kerr  sold  the  estate  of  Thirlestain,  some  time 
before  he  died. 

Alexander  Scott- Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws  succeeded 
his  6ither  on  the  4th  of  May  1782.  He  was  a  lieutenant  in 
the  62nd  Regiment  of  Foot,  and  died,  unmarried,  at 
Philadelphia,  in  1790. 

Robert  Scott- Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  on  his  brother's 


•death  in  1790,  succeeded  to  the  estates.  He  married,  on  the 
17th  of  December,  1806,  Elizabeth  Bell,  daughter  of  David 
Fyffe  of  Drumgeith,  county  of  Forfar,  and  died  on  the  5th 
of  December  1831,  leaving  an  only  surviving  son,  William.^ 

William  Scott-Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  J.P.,  D.L., 
was  born  in  1807.  He  first  married,  on  the  19th  December, 
1837,  Hannah  Charlotte,  only  child  and  heiress  of  Henry 
Scott  of  Horsleyhill  and  Belford,  and  widow  of  Sir  John 
James  Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Springwood  Park,  and  had  one 
child,  Elizabeth  Mary  Charlotte,  who  married  Sir  James  H. 
Ramsay  of  Banff.  Mr  Scott-Kerr  married  for  the  second 
time  on  the  loth  of  January,  1855,  Frances  Louisa,  daughter 
of  Robert  Fennessy.  She  died  in  1884,  ^"^  ^^  ^"  1890, 
having  had  the  following  children : — 

Robert  Scott- Kerr  of  Chatto  and  Sunlaws,  succeeded  Major  Robert 
on  his  father's  death.      He  is  a  major  in  the   Grenadier  cS^tto  ^"  ° 
Guards,  and  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  W.  Walters.  Grenadier 
Major  Scott-Kerr  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club 
in  1894. 

William  Murray  Thriepland,  who  succeeded  to  Fingask, 
Perthshire,  and  Toftingall,  Caithness,  on  the  death  of  Sir 
Patrick  Murray  Thriepland,  Bart.,  his  father's  cousin.  He 
was  born  on  December  21st,  1866;  is  a  lieutenant  in  the 
Grenadier  Guards,  and  served  with  his  battalion  at  the 
battle  of  Omdurman  under  the  Sirdar. 

Francis  Louis,  born  14th  June,  1868.  He  is  in  the 
Cameron  Highlanders,  and  married  Sybil,  daughter  of 
Horace  Cockerell,  C.S.I.,  and  has  issue — William  Francis, 
bom  17th  September,  1896. 

Francis  Edith  and  Mary  EUzabeth,  are  unmarried. 

Jessie  Louisa,  married,  1882,  James  Himter  of  Antons 

Christian   Alice,  married,  1883,  J.  W.  Fraser-Tytler   of 


>  Died  at  Sunlaws,  26th  November,  1819,  James,  youngest  son  of  Robert 
Scott-Kerr  of  Chatto. — Edinburgh  Advirtiser, 


Susan,  married,  1889,  D.  Robertson  of  Penyghael,  Mull, 
and  died  in  1890. 

Hyacinthe,  married,  1891,  Lord  Howard  of  Glossop. 

Sunlaws  House  was  totally  destroyed  by  fire  in  January 
1885.  The  late  Mr  Scott-Kerr  had  done  much  to  improve 
the  house,  and  had  also  built  additions  to  it ;  it  was  hand- 
somely furnished,  partly  from  the  sale  at  the  Malmaison 
Palace.  Among  the  curiosities  destroyed  was  the  bedstead 
on  which  Napoleon  slept  before  leaving  France  for  ever, 
and  the  curtains  of  the  bed  he  died  in  at  St  Helena — these 
last  being  sent  to  Mr  Scott-Kerr  by  the  governor  of  that 
island.  There  is  a  fine  portrait  at  Sunlaws  of  the  first 
Lord  Ancram.  The  glass  boot,  or  stirrup-cup,  an  heirloom 
of  the  Thirlestain  family,  was  missing  after  the  fire.  This 
relic  was  highly  prized,  and  naturally  its  loss  was  much 
regretted.  For  many  years  it  was  in  the  possession  of 
Miss  Madaline  Scott,  George  Square,  Edinburgh,  when  it 
attracted  the  attention  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  who  mentions 
it  in  a  footnote  to  "Waverley." 

Charles  Kerr,       Charles   Kerr,   of    Devonshire    Place,   London,   was  a 
Cottage.  tenant  of  Hundalee  Cottage.     He  was  a  son  of  Captain 

Alexander  Carre  of  Cavers  and  Hundalee;  bis  mother's 
name  was  Oliver.  He  was  bom  in  Jedburgh  in  the 
year  1788,  and  was  educated  in  that  town,  where  he 
passed  the  early  years  of  his  life.  When  quite  a  youth  his 
father  sent  him  up  to  London  to  serve  his  apprenticeship 
in  an  office,  and  by  perseverance  and  attention  to  his  duties 
he  eventually  became  partner  in  the  well-known  house  of 
Fletcher,  Alexander,  &  Co.,  East  India  merchants,  King's 
Arms  Yard,  London.  Mr  Kerr,  during  the  early  portion  of 
his  business  career,  chose  for  his  wife  a  lady  called  Kezia 
Sibley,  who  survived  him  for  some  years.  In  the  year  1855 
he  retired  from  business  and  settled  down  in  the  neighbour- 
hood of  Jedburgh,  at  Hundalee  Cottage.  He  was  excessively 
fond  of  shooting,  and  through  the  kindness  of  his  landlord^ 


the  Marquess  of  Lothian,  he  had  frequent  opportunities  of 
indulging  in  this  sport.  His  end  was  sudden.  He  had 
taken  his  gun  to  have  a  stroll  through  the  ravine  adjoining 
the  cottage,  when  death  overtook  him ;  and  he  was  found 
not  long  afterwards  by  his  coachman,  an  old  and  faithful 
servant,  lying  quite  dead  with  his  gim  by  his  side. 

He  was  interred  (1859)  in  St  John's  burial-ground,  Jed- 
burgh. Mr  Kerr  had  a  great  love  for  his  native  town  and 
everything  connected  with  it.  As  soon  as  his  circumstances 
allowed  he  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  and  was 
elected  in  1835. 




nPHE  family  of  Lang  have  for  a  long  period  been  con- 
^      nected  with  Selkirk. 

L  John  Lang,  who  was  deacon  of  the  trades  of  Selkirk, 
was  bom  in  1640,  and  married,  in  1661,  Margaret  Riddell, 
and  had  issue,  with  several  daughters,  a  son  John. 

n.  John  Lang  was  deacon  convener  of  the  five  trades. 
He  was  bom  in  1676,  and  died  in  1762,  having  married,  in 
1702,  Isobel  Murray,  daughter  of  the  laird  of  Philiphaugh. 
He  had  four  sons  and  three  daughters.  John,  the  eldest 
son,  died  young,  and  Andrew,  his  next  brother,  succeeded 
as  head  of  the  family. 

HL  Andrew  Lang,  writer  in  Selkirk,  bom  in  1712, 
married,  in  1741,  Henrietta  Chisholm,^  widow  of  Robert 
Mercer,  commission  clerk  of  Selkirkshire,  and  daughter  of 
William  Chisholm  of  Broadlee  and  Ann  Rutherfurd,  daugh- 
ter of  the  laird  of  Knowesouth.  Mr  Andrew  Lang  was 
accidentally  drowned  in  the  Ettrick  between  Linglie  and 
Philiphaugh,  2nd  February,  1753.  He  left  a  young  family 
— a  son  John  and  four  daughters,  the  youngest  being  only 
four  months  old  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

IV.  John  Lang,^  sheri£F-clerk  of  Selkirkshire,  born  1744, 
and  married,  in  1774,  Jean  SibbaM,'  daughter  of  John  Sibbald 
of  Whitlaw,  in  the  parish  of  Galashiels.  He  died  in  1805, 
and  she  died,  suddenly  in  Edinburgh,  in  1815.  They  had  a 
family  of  eight,  four  sons  and  four  daughters;  the  eldest 
son  being  Andrew — of  whom  presently.  The  second  son, 
John  Sibbald  Lang,  entered  the  army  as  ensign  in  the  94th 

1  Henrietta  Chisholm.  wife  of  Andrew  Lang,  died  loth  July,  1783. 

*  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Lang,  married  Archibald  Park, 
farmer  in  Hartwoodmyres,  brother  of  Mungo  Park,  the  African  traveller. 

•  Jean  Sibbald  was  sister  of  Sibbald  of  Gladswood. 


regiment  of  Foot,  on  the  9th  of  November,  1809,  and  was 
killed  on  the  6th  of  April,  1812,  at  the  storming  of  Badajoz. 

V.  Andrew  Lang,  was  born  in  1783,  and  married,  in  1809, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Thomas  Suter,  sheri£f-clerk  of  Ross- 
■shire.  She  died  in  1874,  aged  87.  Their  family  consisted 
•of  five  sons  and  six  daughters.  The  sons  were : — ^John,  the 
eldest;  Andrew,  who  was  born  in  1817;  Gideon  Scott,  who 
married  Eliza  Cape,  and  went  to  Australia ;  William,  bom 
in  1823,  married  Theresa  Jessie  Cape,  and  also  went  to 
Australia ;  ^  Mark  Pringle,  died  an  infant,  in  1825.  Of  the 
-daughters,  three  were  married.' 

VI.  John  Lang,  sherifF-clerk  of  Selkirkshire,  was  born  in  John  Lang  of 
1812,  and  married,  in  1843,  Jane  Plenderleath,  daughter  of 

Patrick  Sellar  of  Ardtornish,  Argyllshire,  and  Anne  Craig, 
his  wife.  Mr  Lang  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1844,  ^^^ 
in  the  minutes  is  designed  as  of  "  Overwells,"  near  Jed- 
burgh.' He  died  in  1869,  having  had  seven  sons  and  one 
daughter.  His  eldest  son,  Andrew,  born  in  1844,  .is  the 
well  known  author.  The  second  son,  Patrick  Sellar,  born 
in  1845,  succeeded  his  father  as  sherifF-clerk.  He  married, 
in  1873,  Henrietta,  daughter  of  John  Lang  Currie  of  Larra, 
Victoria,  Australia,  son  of  William  Currie  of  Howford, 
Selkirkshire.     They  had  the  following  children : — Florence  /^ 

Jane,    married   Thomas    Robson  Scott  in   1892 ;    William  ^ 

Andrew,  M.A.,  barrister.  Inner  Temple;  Margaret  Suter, 
married  John  Alexander  Robson  Scott  of  Newton,^  1887; 
John,  of  the  Indian  civil  service,  under  secretary  in  the 
Foreign  OflSce,  and  Mary  Theresa. 

^  William  Lang  left  Australia  in  1876,  and  died  in  London  the  following 

s  Jane,  married  David  Smith.  Chamarandy,  Bengal.  She  was  Andrew 
Lang's  second  daughter,  and  died  at  7  Dannbe  Street  on  the  4th  Decem- 
ber, 1845.  Margaret  Suter.  daughter  of  Andrew  Lang,  married  at  Selkirk 
(by  the  Rev.  John  Campbell),  on  the  28th  August.  1845.  James  Atkinson, 
Burdwan.  Bengal. 

•  John  Lang  succeeded  to  Overwells  through  Gideon  Scott,  an  uncle  of 
his  mother's. 

<  Vidi  Memoir  of  Robson  Scott. 


Lieut-  Lieut.-General  the   Honourable    David   Leslie  was 

Honourable  *^^^^  ^^°  ^^  David,  sixth  Earl  of  Leven,  and  fifth  Earl  of 
David  Leslie.  Melville,  by  Wilhelmina,  posthumous  daughter,  and  nine- 
teenth child  of  William  Nisbet  of  Dirleton,  in  the  county  of 
Haddington.  David  Leslie  obtained  a  captain's  commission 
in  the  i6th  Foot,  and  was  aide-de-camp  to  his  uncle,  General 
Leslie,  when  commanding  in  Scotland.  On  the  25th  October,. 
1794,  he  was  given  the  lieut. -colonelcy  of  the  Loyal  Tay 
Fencible  Regiment  of  Infantry,  with  which  he  was  actively 
employed  in  quelling  the  rebellion  in  Ireland  of  1798.  He 
afterwards  became  lieut. -colonel  of  the  48th  Foot,  and 
major-general  on  the  North  British  Staff.  In  1812,  he  wa& 
promoted  to  lieut.-general.  He  married,  at  Glasgow,  on  the 
i6th  January,  1787,  Rebecca,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Dr  Gillies, 
one  of  the  ministers  of  Glasgow,  by  Joanna,  twin  sister  of 
Sir  Michael  Stewart  of  Blackball,  Bart.  On  his  retirement 
from  the  service  in  1814,  he  became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest 
Club.  In  1822  he  rented  Jedbank  from  Mr  Renwick  for 
£^0  a  year,  and  died  there  on  the  21st  of  October,  1838.. 
Immediately  after  his  death  Jedbank  was  offered  for  sale. 

The  old  general  was  very  fond  of  birds,  and  he  had  made 
those  that  frequented  his  garden  so  tame  by  regular  feeding,, 
that  when  he-  sounded  a  whistle  at  meal  times,  they  would 
fly  down  in  crowds  to  his  feet.  The  kindly  feeling  which 
actuated  him  in  his  treatment  of  the  birds,  made  him  a  ready 
sympathiser  with  the  poor  and  needy  of  Jedburgh,  many  of 
whom  experienced  his  liberality. 

The  Maconochies  of  Meadowbank,  Mid-Lothian,  are  de- 
scended from  the  Campbells  of  Inverawe.^  In  1660,  Dougal 
Campbell,  or  as  he  was  familiarly  called  *'  The  Maconochie  of 
Inveraugh,"  got  mixed  up  in  the  rebellion  of  the  Marquess 
of  Argyle,  for  which  he  was  tried  and  executed  at  Carlisle, 

1  Vide  Anderson's  "Scottish  Nation." 


and  his  estate  confiscated.  His  son,  James,  who  was  only 
nine  years  old  at  the  time  of  his  father*s  death,  applied  for 
a  restoration  of  the  Argyleshire  property  in  1688,  but  without 
success.  William  III.,  however,  granted  compensation  to 
him,  with  which  he  purchased  the  lands  of  Kirknewton-in- 
the-Muir,  now  called  **  Meadowbank,"  which  is  still  in  the 

James  Maconochie  had  one  son,  Alexander,  a  writer  in 
Edinburgh,  who  was  father  of  Allan  Maconochie,  a  celebrated 
lawyer,  born  in  1748.  He  became,  in  1796,  a  lord  of  session, 
under  the  title  of  Lord  Meadowbank,  and  a  lord  of  justiciary, 
in  1804.  He  was  also  professor  in  the  University  of  Edin- 
burgh. Lord  Meadowbank  married  Elizabeth,  third  daugh- 
ter of  Robert  Wei  wood  of  Garvock,  by  whom  he  had: — 

Alexander  Maconochie,  who  passed  as  advocate,  in  1799; 
was  appointed  in  succession  sheriff-depute  of  the  county  of 
Haddington  in  1810,  solicitor-general  in  1813,  lord  advocate 
in  1 81 6,  and  a  lord  of  session  in  1819,  when  he  also  adopted 
the  title  of  Lord  Meadowbank.  He  retired  in  1841,  and 
died  in  November,  1861.  He  married  Anne,  eldest  daughter 
of  Lord  President  Blair.  Lord  Meadowbank,  on  the  death 
of  his  cousin,  Robert  Scott  Welwood,  succeeded  to  the  en- 
tailed estate  of  Pitliver  and  Garvock,  in  the  county  of  Fife, 
and  assumed  the  name  of  Welwood. 

Allan  Alexander  Maconochie- Welwood,  LL.D.,  eldest  son 
of  Lord  Meadowbank,  was  born  in  1806;  called  to  the 
Scottish  bar,  1829 ;  and  in  1842  appointed  professor  of  civil 
law  in  the  University  of  Glasgow. 

Robert  Blair  Maconochie  of  Gattonside,  second  son  Robert  Blair 
of  Lord   Meadowbank,  was  born  in    1814,  and  became  a  of  Ga?t^*^ 
writer  to  the  signet  in   1837.     He  married,  at   14  Ainslie  side. 
Place,  Edinburgh,  on  the  6th  of  January,  1846,  Charlotte 
Joanna,  third  daughter  of  John  Tod  of  Kirkhill.     They  had 
three  sons  and  one  daughter.     Mr  Maconochie  purchased 
the  small  estate  of  Gattonside,  near  Melrose,  from  Colonel 
Duncan,  of  the  43rd  Bengal  Native  Infantry,  who  succeeded 


to  it  on  the  death  of  his  father,  General  Duncan.  Mr 
MacoBodiie's  name  appears  in  the  list  of  members  of  th& 
Jedforest  Club,  in  1863.  He  died  in  1883,  and  is  succeeded 
by  his  eldest  son,  John  Allan  Maconochie-Welwood. 


The  founder  of  the  Maxwell  family  is  said  to  have  been  a 
Saxon  noble  called  Maccus,  who  took  refuge  in  Scotland  at 
the  time  of  the  Norman  conquest.  He  obtained  a  grant  of 
lands  on  the  Tweed  at  Kelso,  which  received  the  appellation 
of  Maccusvil  or  Maccuswell.  This,  through  lapse  of  time, 
became  Maxwell,  which  is  the  designation  of  his  descendants. 
There  are  five  baronetcies  held  by  families  of  the  name 
of  Maxwell — viz.,  PoUok,  in  Renfrewshire;  Calderwood,  in 
Lanarkshire;  Monreith,  in  Wigtownshire;  Cardoness,  in 
Kirkcudbrightshire ;  and  Springkell,  in  Dumfriesshire.  The 
Pollok  branch  was  allied  by  marriage  to  royalty.  Maxwell 
of  Springkell,  in  Annandale,  is  a  branch  of  the  family  of 
Auldhouse,  of  which  Maxwell  of  Pollok  is  the  senior  branch. 
They  are  second  in  succession  from  Pollok.  George 
Maxwell  of  Auldhouse  married,  first,  Janet,  daughter  of 
George  Miller  of  Newton,  and  had  one  son,  John,  whose  son 
George  succeeded  to  the  estate  of  Pollok;  second,  Jean, 
daughter  of  William  Muir  of  Glenderstone,  who  left  issue,  a 
son,  named  William.  This  William  acquired  the  barony  of 
Springkell  in  1609,  and  his  eldest  son,  Patrick,  became  a 
Nova  Scotia  baronet  in  1683,  in  his  &ther*s  lifetime.  Sir 
Patrick  Maxwell  joined  the  insurgent  force  commanded  by 
his  brother-in-law,  William,  6th  viscount  of  Kenmure,  with 
fourteen  mounted  men  on  the  14th  October,  1715,  on  their 
march  to  Moffat,  where  they  unfurled  the  Pretender's  stand- 
ard.   Sir  Patrick  left  one  son  and  several  daughters. 

Sir  William  Maxwell,  second  baronet  of  Springkell,  born 
loth  August,  1703,  married,  1725,  Catherine,  eldest  daugh- 
ter of  Sir  William  Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Kilhead,  by  Helen 
Erskine,  his  wife,  daughter  of  Colonel  John  Erskine,  deputy 
governor  of  Stirling  Castle.      Sir  William  died  at    Edin- 


burgh,  OB  the  14th  of  June,  1760,  and  his  wifis  ob  tim  aylh 
of  October,  1761.    He  left  oae  son,  WiUiam. 

Sir  William  Maxwell,  third  barooet  of  Springkdl,  bom 
on  the  I  St  of  December,  1739,  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Sir  Michael  Stewart,  Bart«,  of  Blackhall,  on  the  a4th 
of  March,  1764.  He  died  in  1804,  <^  ^^  succeeded  by 
his  second  son,  John  Shaw. 

Sir  John  Shaw  Heron  Maxwell,  fourth  baronet  of  Spring* 
kell,  was  bom  on  the  29th  of  June,  1772,  and  was  gazetted 
as  lieutenant  in  the  7th  Royal  Fusileers  on  the  15th  of  June, 
1 79 1.  He  obtained  his  company  in  the  same  regiment  early 
in  1795,  and  in  March  he  was  promoted  to  major  of  the 
23rd  Light  Dragoons  in  the  augmentation  of  that  year. 
He  married  at  Kirrouchtree,  on  4th  January,  1802,  the  only 
surviving  daughter  of  Patrick  Heron  of  Heron,  M.P.  for 
the  Stewartry  of  Kirkcudbright.  On  the  death  of  Mr 
Heron  in  the  following  June,  he  assumed  the  additional  sur- 
name and  arms  of  Heron.  Sir  John  entered  Parliament  as 
member  for  the  Dumfries  burghs  in  1807,  and  represented 
that  constituency  until  181 2.  Before  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred in  1830,  he  had  obtained  the  rank  of  lieut. -general 
in  the  army. 

Edward  Heron  Maxwbll  op  Tbviotbank  was  the  e.  h. 
youngest  of  the  family  of  Sir  John,  and  was  bom  on  2nd  ^eWotbank. 
March,  1821.  He  was  educated  at  Harrow,  and  thereafter, 
when  quite  a  yoimg  man,  went  to  Ceylon,  but  remained  there 
only  a  short  time.  Mr  Maxwell  married,  on  20th  October, 
1847,  Elizabeth  Ellen,  only  daughter  of  Col.  Stopford  Blair 
of  Penninghame,  Wigtownshire,  by  Mira  Sophia,  second 
daughter  of  Colonel  Robert  Bu^,^  C.B.,  K.H.,  by  whom  he 

1  Colonel  Robert  Ball,  C.B.,  K.H.,  R.H.A.,  was  born  at  Stafibrd  on 
3rd  March.  1778,  and  died  at  Bath,  in  1835.  This  distinguished  offioer 
commanded  ist  troop  R.H.A.  throughoat  the  greater  portion  of  the  Pan- 
insular  war.  and  was  associated  with  the  gallant  Norman  Ramsay,  who 
was  his  and  obtain.  For  the  battle  of  Busaoo,  Capt.  Bull  was  decorated 
with  the  gold  medal,  and  for  Fuentes  d'  Onor  be  received  a  gold  dasp.  la 
this  battle  two  guns  were  detached  from  Bull's  troop  under  Ramsay, 


had  a  large  family.  In  the  early  portion  of  his  married  life 
he  resided  in  Dumfriesshire  and  the  Stewartry.  Teviotbank 
was  purchased  in  i860,  and  from  that  time  to  the  date  of 
his  death  in  1890,  he  identified  himself  with  county  matters 
in  Roxburghshire.  Mr  Maxwell  took  a  leading  part  in  sport, 
especially  in  steeplechasing.  When  the  Border  Mounted 
Rifles  were  organised  he  was  one  of  the  original  members, 
steadily  supporting  them  to  the  time  of  their  disbandment. 

Jphn  Shaw  JoHN  Shaw  Hbron  Maxwell,  eldest  son  of  the  above,  was 
Muiwell  late  '^"^  ^^  1850.  He  joined  the  14th  Hussars  in  July,  1872. 
14th  Hussars.  In  the  following  year  his  horse  Reverescat  won  the  *<  grand 
military,"  for  which  he  received  a  gold  cup,  with  the 
following  inscription : — **  Grand  military  gold  cup,  Rugby, 
i873»  ^^^  ^y  J*  S«  Heron  Maxwell's  (14th  Hussars) 
Reverescat,  7  years  old,  by  Cheerful  Horn,  ridden  by  Mr 
Wentworth  Hope -Johnstone,  7th  Hussars,  beating  Assault 
and  15  others.**  Mr  Maxwell  retired  from  the  army  in  1880, 
and  in  1889  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club. 

Captain  Captain  William  Henry  Stopford  Heron  Maxwell  is 

W.  Heron        ^jjg  second  son  of  Mr   Maxwell  of  Teviotbank.      He  was 

latetheRoyal  gazetted  to  the  7th   Royal   Fusileers  in    1872,  and   served 

usieers.        y/nth  his  regiment  in  the   Zulu  war,    1879    (latter    part); 

mentioned  in  dispatches,  and  received  a  medal  and  clasp. 

when  unfortunately  they  were  cut  ofif  and  surrounded  by  French  cavalry. 
"  Presently,  however,  a  great  commotion  was  observed  among  the  French 
squadrons,  .  .  .  where  a  thick  dust  was  rising,  and  where  loud  cries 
and  the  sparkling  of  blades  and  flashing  of  pistols  indicated  some  extra- 
ordinary occurrence.  ...  An  English  shout  pealed  high  and  clear, 
the  mass  was  rent  asunder,  and  Norman  Ramsay  burst  forth,  sword  in 
hand ;  ...  his  horses,  breathing  fire,  stretched  like  greyhounds  along 
the  plain ;  the  guns  bounding  behind  them  like  things  of  no  weight ;  and 
the  mounted  gunners  followed  close  with  heads  bent  low  and  pointed 
weapons  in  desperate  career." — Vide  Napier.  Capt.  Bull  was  present 
at  the  battle  of  Salamanca,  for  which  he  obtained  another  gold  clasp  to 
his  medal.  During  the  Peninsular  war  he  was  engaged  in  numerous 
actions,  and  was  twice  wounded.  At  Waterloo,  Major  Bull  again  com- 
manded the  famous  old  ist  troop,  which  was  armed  with  heavy  5|-inch 


He  also  served  in  the  Boer  war  of  1881,  in  Barrow's 
mounted  infantry.  Captain  Maxwell  retired  in  September, 
1886,  and  joined  the  south-east  of  Scotland  artillery  militia, 
and  is  still  an  honorary  major  of  that  corps.  He  married,  in 
1884,  Adeline  Helen,  daughter  of  the  late  Osgood  Hanbury, 
of  Holdfield  Grange,  Essex,  and  has  four  daughters.  In 
1892  Captain  Maxwell's  name  was  added  to  the  list  of 
members  of  the  Club. 

John  Elliot  Mein  succeeded  to  the  estate  on  the  death  John  E.  Mein 
of  his  father,  James  Mem  of  HunthiU.  He  received  his 
early  education  at  The  Nest,  Jedburgh,  and  afterwards 
at  the  Edinburgh  Academy  and  University  of  Edinburgh. 
He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1874, 
and  died  on  the  12th  of  August,  1885. 

Hunthill,  after  his  death,  passed  into  the  possession  of  a  J.A.W.  Mein 
younger  brother,  James  Andrew  Whitelock  Mein.  He 
also  received  the  first  rudiments  of  instruction  at  The 
Nest,  and  completed  his  education  at  Edinburgh  Univer- 
sity. He  married,  in  1886,  Isabella,  only  daughter  of  the 
late  James  Hamilton  Calder  of  Swinton  Hill,  Berwick,  and 
has  a  son,  James  Elliot.  Mr  Mein  was  admitted  a  member 
of  the  Club  in  1889.  Upon  the  death  of  his  uncle,  Andrew 
Whitelock  Mein,  he  succeeded  to  Scraesburgh.^ 

William  Mein,  about  a  hundred  years  ago,  purchased  w.  Mein 
the  estate  of  Ormiston.  Jeffrey,  the  historian  of  Roxburgh- 
shire, says,  "  He  greatly  improved  the  lands ;  built  a  new 
house ;  and  erected  at  his  own  expense,  for  the  accommoda- 
tion of  the  public,  a  suspension  bridge  for  carriages  over  the 
Teviot  at  Kalemouth." 

^Two  brothers,  James  and  Andrew  Mein.  purchased  HunthiU  and 
Scraesburgh  conjointly.  The  latter  property  was  advertised  for  sale  in 
the  year  1840,  and  the  rent  of  it  at  that  period  was  stated  to  be  ;f9i3i 
and  the  tenant  Mr  James  Howie. 


In  1654  the  estate  belonged  to  William,  Earl  of  Roxburgh, 
who  sold  it  at  that  time  to  John  Scot  of  Langsbaw.  The 
property  is  described  in  the  deed  '<  as  all  and  haill  the  lands 
and  barony  of  Ormiston."  Scot  of  Langshaw  sold  it  to  Ker 
of  Chatto  in  1658.  In  1718  it  was  sold  by  Chatto  to  Wil- 
liam Elliot  of  Wells,  from  whom  it  passed  by  purchase  to 
William  Mein.     It  now  belongs  to  the  Marquess  of  Lothian. 

William  Mein  of  Ormiston  married  Mary  Millbum,  widow 
of  James  Oliver,  in  1812,  and  had  the  following  family: — 
Robert,  born  in  18x3,  at  Savannah,  in  Georgia — his  heir; 
Mary  Anne,  bom  in  181 5,  also  at  Savannah;  Margaret, 
bom  in  1817,  at  Southampton  Row,  Russell  Square, 
London;  William,  born  in  1818,  at  137  George  Street, 
Edinburgh.  Mr  Mein  acquired  his  fortune  in  Georgia, 
and  when  he  eventually  settled  down  at  Ormiston  he  be- 
came a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club ;  this  was  in  1818. 

Robert  Mein  of  Ormiston  succeeded  his  father,  and 
married,  in  1840,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Archibald  Jerdon 
of  Bonjedward.  The  same  year  he  advertised  the  Ormiston 
estate  for  sale,  at  the  upset  price  of  ;^38,ooo.  In  1847  Mr 
Mein  resided  at  Sunlawshill. 


This  family  possess  a  baronetcy  of  Great  Britain.  Sir 
Thomas  Miller  of  Barskimming,  Ayrshire,  and  Glenlee 
in  Galloway,  was  the  first  baronet.  He  was  a  distin- 
guished lawyer,  and  became  lord  justice-clerk  on  the  death 
of  Sir  Gilbert  Elliot  of  Minto.  He  afterwards  succeeded 
Dundas  of  Arniston  as  president  of  the  Court  of  Session, 
and  in  the  same  year,  1788,  was  created  a  baronet.  His 
son,  Sir  William  Miller,  second  baronet,  was  also  a  con- 
spicuous member  of  the  Scottish  bar,  and  was  appointed 
a  lord  of  session  under  the  title  of  Lord  Glenlee.  He  was 
considered  one  of  the  best  lawyers  of  his  day,  and  was  also 
an  accomplished  scholar.  His  Lordship  married  his  cousin 
Grizel,  daughter  of  George  Chalmers,  November  5th,  1777, 
by  whom  he  had  a  large  family.     His  eldest  son  predeceased 


him,  leaving  a  widow  and  children,  the  eldest  of  whom, 
William,  succeeded  to  the  baronetcy. 

John  Miller  succeeded  to  Stewartfield  in  1833  as  heir  John  Miller 
to  his  brother  Lieut.-Colonel  William  Miller,*  under  the  field'*'^*'*' 
testamentary  disposition  of  John  Davidson.  Mr  Davidson 
of  Stewartfield  was  a  writer  to  the  signet,  and  married 
Martha,  daughter  of  William  Miller  of  Glenlee  and 
Barskimming,  and  died  without  issue  at  the  end  of  last 
century.  His  estate  of  Stewartfield  was  life-rented  by  his 
cousin  Robert  Davidson,  fellow  of  Trinity  College,  Cambridge, 
until  his  death  in  1833.  Upon  that  event  the  property  was 
claimed  by  Mr  John  Miller,  as  Imr  of  line  of  Lieut.*Col. 
William  Miller,  and  also  by  the  nephew  William  Miller, 
eldest  son  of  the  then  deceased  Thomas  Miller,  younger, 
of  Glenlee,  as  his  heir  of  conqunt.  The  Court  of  Session 
decided  in  favour  of  Mr  John  Miller,  which  decision  was 
confirmed  upon  appeal  by  the  House  of  Lords. 

John  Miller  of  Stewartfield  was  born  December  a8th,  1789. 
He  was  educated  for  the  law,  and  passed  as  a  writer  to  the 
signet  in  1816.  As  a  young  man  he  held  a  commission  in 
the  Ayrshire  yeomanry.  He  married,  on  the  15th  of  March, 
1828,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Nicholas  Sutherland,  by 
whom  he  left  three  sons  and  a  daughter.  Mr  Miller 
appears  by  the  manuscript  records  of  the  Jedforest  Club, 
to  have  become  a  member  in  1834.    ^®  ^^^  ^  justice  of 

^  Lieut.-Col.  W.  Miller  died  at  Brussels,  i6th  June.  1815,  of  his  wounds 
received  the  day  before  at  Quatre  Bras.  On  finding  himself  wounded,  he 
said  to  Colonel  Thomas  (who  was  killed  two  days  afterwards  at  Waterloo) 
*'  Thomas,  I  feel  I  am  mortally  wounded  ;  I  am  pleased  to  think  it  is  my 
fate,  rather  than  yours,  whose  life  is  involved  in  that  of  your  young  wife." 
After  a  pause,  he  said  faintly,  "  I  should  like  to  see  the  colours  of  the 
regiment  once  more  before  I  quit  them  for  ever."  They  were  brought  to 
him  and  waved  over  him.  His  countenance  brightened ;  he  smiled,  and 
declared  himself  satisfied.— FfW«  Dalton's  Waterloo  Roll  Call. 

Lieut. -Col.  Miller  was  buried  at  Brussels,  where  many  distinguished 
soldiers  killed  in  this  campaign  were  interred.  Colonel  W.  Miller  is  the 
••gallant  Miller"  in  Sir  Walter  Scott's  '•The  Field  of  Waterloo,"  stanza 



the  peace  for  the  counties  of  Ayr  and  Roxburgh.  Mr 
Miller  sold  Stewartfield  to  the  late  Lord  Campbell,  Lord 
Chancellor  of  England,  who  restored  to  the  estate  the  old 
name  of  Hartrigge.     He  died  in  1863. 

Patrick  Murray  of  Cherry  trees  had  a  son,  James,  who 
succeeded  him,  and  married  Anne,  daughter  of  George  Home 
of  Kames,  and  sister  of  Lord  Kames,  the  celebrated  lawyer. 
Their  eldest  son  wag  Patrick  Murray,  born  in  1727,  and 
who  became  sheriff  of  Roxburghshire.  James  Murray,  a 
younger  son,  married  Betty,  second  daughter  of  the 
Honourable  George  Home,  son  of  Charles,  Earl  of  Home. 
Major  Tohn  They  had  among  other  children,  a  son,  John,  who  was 
Murray.  Jed-  born  in  1781,  and  entered  the  army  in  1797,  at  the  age  of 

sixteen.  He  joined  his  regiment  in  Holland,  and  commenced 
his  military  career  in  that  country.  In  the  year  1801,  his 
regiment,  the  20th  Foot,  fought  under  General  Sir  Ralph 
Abercromby,  and  young  Murray  was  one  of  the  12,000 
British  who  opposed  the  French  on  the  sandy  plains  of 
Egypt,  near  Alexandria,  where  Sir  Ralph  was  killed  at  the 
moment  of  victory,  on  the  21st  of  March,  1801.  He  next 
saw  active  service  with  the  army  of  Major-General  Stuart, 
in  Upper  Calabria,  and  was  present  at  the  hard-fought 
battle  of  Maida,  6th  of  July,  1806.  The  20th  Foot  landed 
that  morning  from  Messina,  and  arrived  on  the  field  of 
battle  during  the  fight,  and  at  a  moment  when  the  French 
were  making  a  desperate  attempt  to  turn  General  Stuart's 
left.  By  a  well  directed  fire  the  20th  completely  frustrated 
this  design,  and  helped,  in  a  large  degree,  to  gain  the  battle. 
With  natural  pride  the  regiment  always  commemorated  this 
day.  Captain  Murray  went  to  Spain  at  the  commencement 
of  the  Peninsular  war,  and  was  present  at  the  battle  of 
Vimiera,  at  Corunna,  and  the  subsequent  retreat  on  the 
1 6th  of  January,  1809.  He  again  proceeded  with  his  regi- 
ment to  the  Peninsula,  and  was  at  the  memorable  battle  of 
Vittoria,   21st  June,    181 3,   followed  by  the  actions  in  the 


Pyrenees.  At  the  siege  of  San  Sebastian  he  greatly  dis- 
tinguished himself,  and  was  one  of  those  who  volunteered 
from  the  4th  division  to  storm  the  town.  Murray  had  the 
honour  to  command  the  volunteers  of  his  regiment  on  that 
occasion.  After  an  assault  which  lasted  for  two  hours, 
under  the  most  trying  circumstances,  and  amidst  desperate 
fighting,  the  attacking  party  obtained  a  firm  footing,  and  the 
town  was  taken.  In  November,  1813,  the  subject  of  this 
memoir  was  at  the  battle  of  Niveljle,  and  on  the  27th  of 
February  of  the  following  year  he  was  present  at  Orthes, 
where  the  British  loss  was  18  officers  and  255  men  killed. 
He  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major  in  1814,  and  retired 
on  half-pay  the  same  year,  when  the  war  came  to  a  close. 
He  returned  to  his  native  town  of  Jedburgh,  and  resided 
with  his  mother  at  Abbeygreen  House,  and  became  a  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club.  Major  Murray  was  wounded  in  four 
separate  actions,  and  his  constitution,  never  very  robust, 
had  been  somewhat  shattered  by  his  arduous  services  in 
the  field.  He  died  at  Abbeygreen  on  the  21st  June,  1818,. 
at  the  early  age  of  37  years,  and  was  buried  in  the  Abbey 
churchyard,  where  a  tombstone  marks  his  grave.  His 
mother,  Mrs  Murray,  died  on  the  14th  of  January  1819,  aged 
60,  also  at  Abbeygreen ;  after  her  death,  the  house  was  sold 
to  Dr  Hilson.* 


The  Ogilvies  of  Hartwoodmyres,  and  now  of  Chesters, 
have  for  a  long  period  been  well  known  in  Roxburghshire 
and  the  adjacent  Border  counties.  The  first  member  of 
this  family  of  whom  we  find  a  record  is  one  Gideon  Ogilvie,. 
who  flourished  in  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century,  and 
who  married,  in  1656,  Susannah  Scott  of  Harden.  Of  the 
marriage  there  was  a  son,  William,  who  may  claim  to  be  the 
first  laird  of  Hartwoodmyres,  inasmuch  as  he  purchased 
that  place  in   1694;    eleven  years  afterwards,  in  1705,  he 

1  Vide  HUson. 


l>ought  Brierieyards.  His  wife  was  Elu^abeth  Turnbull  of 
Tofts.  This  William  died  in  2726,  leaving  one  soo,  Adam, 
^who  married,  in  1708,  Jean  Erskine  of  Dryburgb.  This 
ilady  lived  to  a  good  old  age,  and  was  designated  in  an  old 
manuscript  book,  Lady  Hartwoodmyres.  By  the  same 
authority  (her  son  WiUiam)  her  death,  which  took  place  on 
the  i6th  of  December,  1761,  is  thus  described: — ''In  a  quiet 
old  age,  free  from  every  worldly  wish,  she  died  in  her  chair 
with  great  ease,  gently  ceasing  to  breathe;  a  manner  of 
^ying  that  would  be  wished  for." 

William,  who  was  bom  in  171a,  became  chamberlain  to 
the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  an  appointment  held,  with  the  ex- 
•ception  of  one  interval,  by  successive  members  of  the  family, 
until  1876.  In  1745,  when  the  Pretender's  army  was  on 
its  way  to  England,  William  Ogilvie  of  Hartwoodmyres 
was  visited  by  a  party  of  rebels,  commanded  by  Robert 
Graeme  of  Garvock  and  accompanied  by  John  Murray  of 
Broughton,  secretary  to  Prince  Charlie,  who  compelled  him 
to  pay  what  they  termed  a  tax  or  cess  of  £1$^  7s  4d. 
William  Ogilvie^  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William 
Elliot  of  WooUie,*  a  writer  in  Edinburgh,  and  had  issue — 
Adam,  Thomas  (of  whom  we  shall  presently  speak),  and 
William.  Adam,  the  eldest  son,  was  educated  to  the  law, 
.  and  became  an  advocate.  He  succeeded  his  father  at  Hart- 
woodmyres, and  also  as  chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Buc- 
cleuch. He  married  Ann  Elliot,  and  died  at  Branxholm, 
in  1809,  aged  63,  leaving  a  large  family.  William  entered 
the  Royal  Navy  in  1775,  on  board  H.M.S.  "  Romney,"  com- 
manded by  Captain  Elphinstone.  In  July,  1776,  he  was 
transferred  to  the   "  Perseus "  frigate,  and  died  of  fever  on 

1  Portraits  of  William  Ogilvie  and  of  his  wife  Elizabeth  hang  in  the 

..dining  room  at  Cheaters.    V^illiam  Ogilvie  of  Hartwoodmyres  describes 

himself  in  a  deed,  dated  1737 : — "  As  Baillie  of  the  Regality  of  Jedburgh 

forest  and  of  the  several  Baronies  therein  contained,  nominated  and 

.appointed  by  His  Grace,  Archibald,  Duke  of  Douglas,  and  Lord  of  the 

said  Regality." 

>  WilUam  EiUot  bought  WoolUe  (Wolflee).      Vid4  memoir  EUioU  of 


the  25th  of  July,  1777,  at  Antigua.  Thomas  was  born  in 
1 751.  At  the  age  of  nineteen  he  received  an  appointment 
in  the  Madras  civil  service,  and  on  the  8th  of  December, 
1770,  he  left  home  for  London,  accompanied  by  Captain 
Robert  Pringle.  His  mother,  as  a  parting  gift,  gave  him 
a  Spanish  doubloon,  which  he  carefully  preserved  during 
his  life,  and  which  is  now  at  Cheaters.  In  1772,  he  arrived 
at  Madras,  and  commenced  to  gain  an  insight  into  his  work 
by  holding  in  succession  several  appointments  of  minor 
importance.  A  good  berth  was  in  store  for  young  Ogilvie, 
whether  due  to  his  own  merits  or  to  influence  I  am  unable 
to  say — probably  both.  He  was  offered  and  accepted  the 
responsible  and,  in  those  days,  lucrative  position  of  pay- 
master to  the  important  station  and  district  of  Vellore. 

In  January,  1780,  it  was  well  known  to  every  person  in 
India — except  the  Government  of  Madras — that  Hyder  Ali 
was  making  great  preparations  to  invade  the  Company's 
territory,  with  one  of  the  best  appointed  armies  ever  seen 
in  that  country.  No  steps  were  taken  to  meet  the  emer- 
gency, and  the  troops  remained  idle  at  their  respective 
stations  in  this  presidency.  Hyder,  on  his  part,  made 
every  preparation  with  the  most  scrupulous  care.  No 
department  escaped  his  personal  inspection.  He  moved 
from  his  capital  in  the  month  of  June,  with  a  force  which 
had  probably  not  been  equalled,  and  certainly  not  sur- 
passed, in  strength  and  efficiency  by  any  native  army  that 
had  ever  been  assembled  in  the  south  of  India.  It  was 
only  when  crowds  of  terrified  natives  came  flying  towards 
Madras,  and  columns  of  smoke  were  visible  in  all  direc- 
tions, that  the  governor  and  council  opened  their  eyes 
— ^after  neglecting  every  branch  of  military  preparation — 
and  directed  the  movement  of  troops  to  arrest  the  advance 
of  the  enemy.  This  formidable  array  amounted  to  130,000 
men,  of  whom  60,000  were  cavalry,  50,000  infantry,  with 
upwards  of  a  hundred  pieces  of  field  artillery.  Of  the 
cavalry,  two  troops  were  French  hussars,  conunanded  by 
Mons.  Pimoran;  and  a  regiment  of  infantry  (Frenchmen), 


500  strong,  under  Lally.  In  September  of  the  same  year, 
Hyder  annihilated  Colonel  Baillie's  detachment,  after  a 
desperate  resistance,  which  was  continued  with  the  bayonet 
in  thirteen  different  charges  after  ammunition  was  expended. 
Lord  Macartney  had  come  direct  from  England  to  take 
the  governorship  of  Madras,  and  Mr  Hastings,  the  governor- 
general  of  India,  had  sent  the  veteran  general,  Sir  Eyre 
Coote,  charged  with  the  sole  direction  of  the  war.  Colonel 
Pearce  of  the  Bengal  artillery,  a  personal  friend  of  Hastings, 
was  also  dispatched  with  a  strong  detachment  of  Bengal 

On  the  15th  January,  1781,  Sir  Eyre  Coote  had  a  force  at 
his  command  of  8000  European  infantry,  800  cavalry,  62 
pieces  of  field  artillery,  besides  a  large  body  of  native  troops, 
and  an  abundance  of  military  stores.  Coote  was  not  long 
before  he  came  into  collision  with  the  enemy,  and  he  fought 
one  action  after  another  with  tolerable  success,  the  battle  of 
Porto  Novo  being  considered  the  most  important. 

Vellore  had  now  been  in  a  state  of  blockade  for  some  time, 
as  the  surrounding  country  was  swarming  with  Hyder*s 
troops,  and  was  in  great  and  urgent  need  of  provisions. 
Since  the  commencement  of  the  war,  a  large  portion  of  the 
army  and  siege  guns  of  the  enemy  had  been  constantly 
before  it,  and  the  operations  were  conducted  with  great 
judgment  by  French  officers.  The  command  of  Vellore 
was  entrusted  to  Colonel  Lang,  ist  battalion  Madras  Euro- 
peans, whose  corps  formed  the  most  important  part  of  the 
garrison.  Mr  Ogilvie's  duties  as  paymaster  could  not  be 
properly  fulfilled,  as  all  the  available  money  had  now  been 
exhausted.  The  governor  of  Madras,  Lord  Macartney, 
had  made  repeated  efforts  to  have  sums  of  from  one  to  two 
thousand  pagodas  at  a  time  conveyed  to  him  by  trusty 
messengers,  but  in  every  case  except  one  they  were  inter- 
cepted by  the  enemy.  The  letters  Mr  Ogilvie  received  from 
Lord  Macartney  in  regard  to  these  monies,  and  which 
were  smuggled  into  Vellore  by  various  methods,  are  ex- 
tremely curious,  from  the  minute  pieces  of  paper  they  are 


written  on,  the  average  size  being  an  inch  square.  Affairs 
at  Vellore  towards  the  end  of  October,  1781,  approached  a 
crisis.  Coote,  with  a  small  supply  of  provisions,  made  a 
desperate  attempt  to  relieve  the  garrison,  and  in  this  he 
succeeded,  as  Hyder's  army  retired  across  the  river  when 
he  found  that  the  English  general  was  determined  to  attain 
his  object.  In  January,  1782,  Coote  once  more  came  to 
the  garrison's  assistance,  although  he  himself  was  suffering 
from  a  severe  illness,  and  accompanied  his  troops  lying  in  a 
palanquin.  He  brought  with  him  a  large  convoy  of  pro- 
visions. The  enemy  attacked  the  British  force,  but  after  a 
hot  cannonade  the  general  got  within  four  miles  of  Vellore, 
and  on  the  following  morning  the  much  needed  food  was 
deposited  in  the  fc^rt.  The  garrison  was  now  much  reduced 
in  numbers  by  the  withdrawal  of  the  greater  portion  of  the 
Madras  European  R^ment  under  Colonel  Lang,  who  had 
joined  the  army  in  the  field,  leaving  Vellore  to  the  care 
of  Captain  Cuppage.  Mr  Ogilvie  now  took  advantage  of 
an  opportunity  to  proceed  to  Fort  St  George,  and  there 
married,  on  the  27th  of  May,  1782,  Hannah,  second  daughter 
of  Robert  Dash  wood,  and  widow  of  Dr  Pasley.  Their  son 
William,  the  subject  of  this  memoir,  was  bom  on  the  5th 
of  September,  1785,  at  Fort  St  George.  Soon  after  his 
marriage,  Mr  Ogilvie  wrote  a  letter  to  Hyder  about  some 
articles  of  value  which  had  been  left  by  him  when  it  became 
no  longer  safe  to  remain  outside  the  walls  of  Vellore.  To 
this  letter  he  received  the  most  courteous  reply  ^  from  this 

^  Translation  of  the  reply  in  Persian  from  Hyder,  directed  to  Mr 
Thomas  Ogilvie,  paymaster  of  the  English  Company  at  Vellore: — 

"  Health." 
"  Your  letter  has  been  received,  in  \vhich  you  request  that  a  small  box 
with  papers,  a  seal,  and  a  palankeen  and  its  furniture,  which  were  left  at 
Arnee  when  you  went  to  Vellore,  might  be  returned  to  you.  In  compli- 
ance with  your  request,  the  box  and  papers,  with  the  key  belonging  to  it, 
your  seal,  and  the  silver  ornaments  of  the  palankeen  are  sent  to  you.  The 
people  of  my  army  broke  the  palenkeen ;  otherwise  it  would  also  have  been 
sent  to  you.  What  is  to  be  said  more  ?  Sealed  with  our  signet,  and  dated 
Monday.    Fatteh  Hyder." 



celebrated  Indian  prince,  who  returned  to  him  the  greater 
portion  of  his  lost  property.  Mr  Ogilvie  found  himself  so 
situated,  a  few  years  afterwards,  that  he  could  resign  the 
service  and  return  home  with  a  comfortable  fortune.  He 
left  India,  and  arrived  towards  the  close  of  1786  in  England. 
After  remaining  a  short  time  in  London,  he  directed  his 
steps  to  Scotland,  where  he  was  anxious  to  settle  down 
near  his  old  home.  At  this  time  the  estate  of  Crailing  was 
for  sale,  and  Mr  Ogilvie  bought  it.  Repenting,  however, 
of  his  hasty  purchase,  he  was  fortunate  enough  to  find  a 
customer  to  whom  he  transferred  it.  In  1787,  after  due 
consideration,  he  bought  from  the  Bennets  their  family 
property,  Chesters,  and  with  it  the  fine  farm  of  Newton, 
on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Teviot.  The  mansion  was 
situated  considerably  higher  up  than  the  present  house,  and 
on  this  portion  of  the  estate  are  the  largest  trees.  One  of 
the  Bennet  family,  who  flourished  early  in  the  last  century, 
introduced  on  the  estate  a  trade  nursery -garden  for  forest 
trees — one  of  the  earliest  in  Scotland.^  Mr  Ogilvie's  first 
work  was  to  demolish  the  old  dwelling-house  of  the  Bennets, 
and,  having  procured  the  services  of  Mr  William  Elliot,  a 
well  known  architect,  he  began  to  build  the  present  house, 
which  was  not  completed  until  1790.  He  obtained  per- 
mission to  turn  the  public  road,  the  traces  of  which  are  still 
to  be  seen  close  to  the  house,  and  he  afterwards  added  the 
Grange  and  Broom  farms  to  the  estate. 

William  WiLLiAM  was  now  old  enough  to  go  to  school.    With  this 

Chesters.  purpose  he  was  sent  to  Edinburgh,  and  pursued  his  studies 
at  the  High  School.  He  completed  his  classical  education 
by  reading  with  a  clergyman  at  Bingley,  in  Yorkshire.  This 
gentleman,  whose  name  was  Hartley,  was  a  keen  shot,  and 
many  a  time  young  William  Ogilvie  waited  for  him  at  the 
church  door,  after  evening  service,  with  the  pointers  and 

^  Between  the  years  1738  and  1748,  advertisements  are  to  be  found  in 
the  old  Newcastle  newspapers  concerning  this  nursery-garden. 


the  dog-cart,  ready  to  start  for  the  moors,  at  the  conclusion . 
of  the  service.    William  next  studied  for  the  law,  and  was 
admitted  a  member  of  the  Faculty  of  Advocates  in  1808, 
but  he  never  practised. 

In  1796,  during  a  great  flood,  the  Teviot  somewhat 
altered  its  course,  and  did  an  immense  deal  of  damage  at 
Hassendean,  where  the  old  churchyard  is  situated,  close  to 
the  banks  of  the  river.  The  old  burial  ground  of  the 
Ogilvies  was  partly  carried  away,  and  the  ends  of  the 
coffins  were  exposed.  These  were  removed  to  Ashkirk,  with 
any  of  the  tombstones  which  remained.  One  of  these  stones 
was  dated  1687.  The  flood  of  1806  completed  the  destruction 
of  the  burial  ground,  and  of  what  little  remained  of  the  old 
Hassendean  church :  nothing  but  a  sand  bank  is  now  left 
to  mark  where  the  auld  kirk  stood.  Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  a 
letter  to  Lady  Abercorn,  dated  Ashiestiel,  20th  September 
1806,  says: — ''The  state  of  our  weather  has  been  most 
calamitous,  land  floods,  river  floods,  water  spouts^  and 
torrents  and  tempests  of  all  kinds  and  denominations,  have 
almost  laid  waste  our  country.  .  .  .  One  gentleman  of  this 
county,  Ogilvie  of  Chesters,  has  sustained  more  than  a 
thousand  pounds  worth  of  damage,  much  of  which  is 
absolutely  irreparable,  as  the  very  soil  is  carried  away." 

Mr  Thomas  E.  Ogilvie  joined  what  was  then  named  the 
Roxburghshire  Gentleman  and  Yeomanry  Cavalry,  as  a 
first  lieutenant  in  1797.  The  regiment  was  commanded  by 
Major  Sir  James  Pringle,  Bart.;  and  Sir  Henry  Hay 
M'Dougall,  Bart.,  was  also  a  lieutenant  in  the  same  corps. 
These  were  stirring  times  with  our  auxiliary  forces;  a 
French  invasion  was  threatened,  and  much  talked  of. 
Regiments  were  being  raised  and  equipped  in  every  county 
in  England,  and  Scotland  was  no  laggard  in  the  patriotic 
race.  In  1803,  William,  whose  education  was  still  un- 
finished, obtained  a  second  lieutenant's  commission  in  the 
western  troop  of  Roxburghshire  yeomanry.  This  troop,  with 
its  popular  commandant,  William  Elliot  of  Harwood,  was 
considered  the  best  mounted  and  best  appointed  troop  on 


the  Borders.  Such  was  its  popularity  that  several  gentlemen 
who  could  not  get  commissions  were  contented  to  serve  in 
the  ranks.  William  Ogilvie  had  many  incidents  to  narrate 
in  connexion  with  this  troop,  of  which  he  was  justly  proud. 
In  1804,  on  the  occasion  of  the  false  alarm,  or  '<  Lighting 
the  Beacons/'  William  Ogilvie,  to  his  sorrow»  missed  that 
excitement.  In  reference  to  this,  he  wrote  a  letter,  in  which 
he  alludes  to  it  in  the  following  manner: — "On  that 
memorable  night,  31st  January  1804,  I  happened  to  be  in 
Edinburgh,  at  college,  and  unfortunately  missed  the  glory. 
My  groom  had  the  good  sense  to  accompany  the  troop 
with  my  horse,  thinking  that  I  would  follow  or  cast  up 

The  following  singular  circumstance  happened  at  Chesters. 
Mr  Baillie's  hounds  met  at  Minto  house  on  the  13th  of 
February  181 5.  They  found  a  fox  in  Minto  Crags,  which 
aft^  an  excellent  run,  being  hard  pressed,  made  his  way 
into  Mr  Ogilvie's  house,  and  ran  upstairs  into  one  of  the 
bedrooms,  where  it  lay  concealed  for  some  time.  In  the 
meantime  the  hounds  fotuid  another  fox,  which  made  for 
Minto  Crags  and  got  to  ground.  As  soon  as  reynard  was 
discovered  in  the  bedroom,  he  was  secured,  and  taken  to 
Mr  Don;  and  on  the  Wednesday  following,  be  was 
turned  out,  and  made  a  brilliant  run  in  the  direction  of 
Mellerstain,  and  was  killed  near  Smailholm. 

In  1818,  Mr  Ogilvie  married  Alexina,^  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander Falconer  of  Woodcot,  East  Lothian,  by  whom  he  had 
a  large  family.  After  his  marriage  he  resided  at  Ettrick- 
bank,  near  Selkirk,  and  while  there  the  notorious  couple^ 
Burke  and  Hare,  used  to  call  at  the  door  with  fresh  fish  in 

^  Mrs  Ogilvie's  brother,  George  Home  Falconer,  was  at  Waterloo  as  a 
lieutenant  in  the  Scots  Greys.  His  medal  for  this  great  battle  is  pre- 
served at  Chesters.  Mrs  Ogilvie's  sister,  a  lady  of  much  personal 
attraction,  married  Sir  Thomas  Erskine  Napier,  K.C.B.,  a  distinguished 
soldier,  who  lost  an  arm  in  the  Peninsula.  He  received  for  his  services  a 
silver  medal  with  seven  clasps,  and  the  star  and  badge  of  a  Knight  Com- 
mander of  the  Bath ;  these  decorations  are  also  at  Chesters. 


their  cart,  which  was  destined  to  convey  a  dead  body  on 
the  return  journey  from  Selkirk  to  Dr  Knox.^  Thomas 
Elliot  Ogilvie  died  in  1831,  and  his  son,  William,  succeeded 
to  the  estate.  The  valuable  farm  of  Newton,  which  the 
Teviot  separates  from  Chesters,  was  sold  by  Mr  Ogilvie,  in 
1833,  to  Scott  of  Peel.»  In  1836,  William  Ogilvie  was 
appointed  chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  succeed* 
ing  Major  Riddell  of  Muselee  and  Dryburgh.  This  post 
had  been  previously  held  by  his  uncle  and  his  grandfather, 
the  laird  of  Hartwoodmyres. 

As  a  deputy-lieutenant,  a  commissioner  of  supply,  and  a 
justice  of  the  peace,  Mr  Ogilvie  acquired  great  personal  in- 
fluence.  He  took  much  interest  in  the  various  political  con* 
tests  which  ensued  after  the  passing  of  the  Reform  BilL 
In  this,  he  not  only  consulted  his  own  feelings,  which  were 
highly  conservative,  but  also  those  of  the  noble  duke.  He 
is  allowed  to  have  been  one  of  the  most  successful  canvas* 
sers;  his  influence  was  great,  and  his  persuasive  gifts  had 
an  immense  effect  on  the  agricultural  mind  as  he  expatiated 
on  present  and  prospective  benefits.  The  true  secret  of  his 
popularity,  however,  was,  undoubtedly,  a  kindly  manner 
and  a  quick  apprehension  of  character. 

As  chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  he  conducted 
his  affairs  with  much  ability  and  tact,  and  was  a  general 
favourite  with  the  tenants.  In  county  business  he  was 
quite  at  home,  and  with  the  greatest  facility  could  bring 
his  knowledge  to  bear  on. any  important  discussion.  For 
several  years  before  his  death,  owing  to  old  age  and  declin* 
ing  health,  his  well-known  figure  was  seldom  seen  in  public ; 
but  his  mind,  up  to  the  last,  remained  as  active  as  ever, 

1  In  the  celebrated  trial  of  these  two  murderers,  Hare  turned  "  king's 
evidence,"  and  was  smuggled  out  of  the  country  to  America.  There  he 
was  recognised,  and  thrown  by  the  mob  into  a  limekiln.  He  was  much 
burnt,  and  his  eyesight  destroyed.  After  a  time,  he  returned  to  England 
and  in  1855  might  be  seen  daily  in  Oxford  Street,  London,  begging-^an  old, 
blind  man  with  white  hair,  led  about  by  a  dog. 

>  Vid$  Robeon  Scott  of  Newton. 


and  his  handwriting  as  firm  and  distinct.  Mr  Ogilvie  was 
a  firm  supporter  of  the  Jedforest  Club,  and  also  one  of  its 
original  members.  He  died  at  Chesters  in  1876,  at  the 
advanced  age  of  ninety-one.  During  bis  long  life  he  saw  a 
complete  transformation  in  the  customs  and  ways  of  living 
in  the  country.  As  a  boy  he  remembered  coals  being  brought 
in  sacks  on  ponies'  backs  over  the  hills  from  the  English 
Border.  Roads  there  were  few.  When  a  bullock  was  to  be 
killed  in  Hawick,  the  town  crier  went  round  with  his  bell 
to  announce  the  fact.  Domestic  housekeeping  was  curious 
in  those  days.  The  custom  of  killing  **  marts  "  was  general, 
chiefly  because  there  was  no  winter  food  :  turnips  were  almost 
unknown  in  any  quantity ;  consequently,  at  Martinmas,  both 
cattle  and  sheep  were  killed,  and  salted  for  winter  use.  The 
wages  of  out-door  servants  have  undergone  a  great  change. 
Ninety  years  ago,  cotton  fabrics  for  clothes  had  not  come 
in,  their  place  being  taken  by  linen,  and  flax  was  grown 
chiefly  for  part  payment  of  wages.  Mr  Ogilvie  was  succeeded 
by  his  eldest  son,  Thomas  Elliot  Ogilvie,  who  was  bom  in 
1821 ;  and  who  married,  in  1886,  Hope,  only  daughter  of 
Henry  Reeve,  C.B.,  formerly  in  the  Privy  Council  office. 
He  died  in  1896,  and  his  widow  is  in  possession  of  the 


Jeffrey,  the  historian  of  Roxburghshire,  in  vol.  ii.,  states 
that  '*  Jedforest  seems  to  have  been  the  land  of  the  Olivers 
in  early  times.  Even  at  the  present  day,  the  name  is  found 
prevailing  in  many  parts  of  the  forest,  and  the  old  graveyards 
show  the  strength  of  the  vassals  of  the  ancient  lords  of 
Jedforest."  It  is  rather  curious  that  this  numerous  Border 
clan  possessed  no  chief,  although  they  took  their  full  share 
in  the  raids  and  forays  which  were  the  common  occu- 
pation of  the  Borderers  in  former  days. 

The  name  occurs  in  several  countries  of  Europe,  spelt 
in  various  ways.  In  Spanish  it  is  found  as  Olivares;  in 
Portuguese,   Oliverira ;    French,   Olivier ;    Italian,   Olivieri, 



There  is  a  tradition  in  Jedforest  that  the  first  Olivers  who 
settled  there  were  Spaniards,  and  *'that  for  some  misdeed 
they  were  banished  the  country — for  the  country's  good." 
Stryndis,  a  place  a  little  to  the  east  of  Abbotrule,  was  an 
old  possession  of  the  Olivers.  JeflFrey  says: — "In  2502 
there  were  six  brothers  of  the  name  at  Stryndis,  all  noted 
mosstroopers."  They  stole  horses  and  cattle,  and  committed 
slaughter,  and  were  all  hanged  by  order  of  the  sheriff. 
Some  Olivers  possessed  Lustruther  on  Jed;  they  were  of 
the  same  type  as  those  of  Stryndis.  About  the  year  1546, 
a  company  composed  of  Olivers,  Halls,  Crosiers,  and 
TurnbuUs  took  the  old  fortalice  of  Edgerston  by  storm. 
Mr  Veitch  of  Inchbonnie,  near  Jedburgh,  has,  amongst 
other  curiosities,  the  sword  of  Ring9!H^  Oliver,  about  the 
most  famous  of  his  name  in  the  district  of  Jedforest.  The 
sword,  a  fine  specimen  of  the  ''Andrea  Ferrara,"  which 
•was  much  admired  by  Sir  Walter  Scott,  came  into  the  Veitch 
family  on  the  female  side. 

Auld  Ringaqi  was  an  Oliver  stout, 

Of  the  stout  Jedforest  clan. 
Of  him  his  kinsmen  were  well  proud, 

He  was  their  foremost  man. 

Vid$  Telfer's  "  Border  BaUads." 

Dinlabyre,  in  Liddesdale,  has  belonged  to  the  family  of 
Oliver  for  two  hundred  years,  but  prior  to  that  date  I  cannot 
obtain  any  clue  to  the  origin  of  the  family.  In  1689  it  was 
the  property  of  an  Elliot,  a  kinsman  to  Larriston,  and  it  was 
not  until  some  years  afterwards  that  John  Oliver,  the  elder, 
as  he  is  termed,  acquired  the  estate.^ 

1  A  family  of  Oliver  acquired  the  small  estate  of  Langraw  about  the 
year  i8ox,  and.  although  not  related  to  the  Dinlabyre  family,  they  can 
trace  their  descent  from  an  early  date.  Another  family  of  Oliver  is  that 
of  Lochside.  Robert  Oliver,  the  present  laird,  bom  in  1818,  succeeded 
his  uncle  in  1831.  The  Olivers  of  Hawick,  represented  by  the  firm  of 
George  and  James  Oliver,  solicitors  and  bankers,  are  another  branch  of 
this  clan.  Robert  Oliver  in  Dykeraw  (Jedforest)  had  a  son,  James,  who 
was  bom  and  baptized  in  the  parish  of  Southdean,  on  the  9th  of  March, 
1694.    He  settled  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Hawick,  and  rented  land  from 



William  Oliver,  eldest  son  of  John  Oliver  of  Dinlabyre, 
married,  in  1708,  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Chisholm  of 
Stirches.  They  had  issue — ^John«  their  only  son,  and  Mary 
**  Olipher,"  their  only  daughter.  In  171 9,  John  Oliver,  the 
elder,  purchased  Over  and  Nether  Larriston  and  LarristcHi- 
rig  from  Robert  Elliot,  last  direct  descendant  of  the  original 
family,  for  ;^i8o8,  6s  {vide  Extract  of  Disposition,  Larriston 

WilUam  Oliver  succeeded  his  father  *Mn  all  and  haiU 
these  fourth  parts  of  the  lands  of  •  •  •  commonly  called  the 
lands  of  Dunliebyre,  Easterflight,  Hiashes,  and  Burnfoot; 
also  Over  and  Nether  Larriston,  Heartsgarth,  and  Lang- 
haugh,"  the  two  latter  places  having  been  purchased  from 
Adam  Beattie  of  Heartsgarth.  William  Oliver  and  Mary 
Chisholm  left  an  only  daughter,  Mary,  and  a  son,  John 
Oliver,  younger  of  Dinlabyre,  who  married  Violet  Douglas, 
eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Douglas,  and  brother  of  Archi- 
bald, laird  of  Cavers.  The  marriage  contract  was  signed  at 
Linthaughlee  on  the  17th  December,  1734,  the  witnesses 
being  Archibald  Douglas  of  Cavers  and  his  son  William, 
Robert  Pringle  of  Clifton,  John  Chisholm,  &c. 

The  Olivers  presented  the  church  of  Castleton,  in  which 
parish  the  estate  of  Dinlabyre  is  situated,  with  four  silver 
sacramental  cups,  bearing  the  following  inscription:  — 
**  Gifted  by  William  and  John  Oliver  of  Dunliebyre  to  the 
parish  of  Castleton,  1748.'*^ 

the  Dake  of  Baccleuch.  James  Oliver,  eldest  son  of  James  Oliver,  was 
bom  October  2nd,  1732,  and  was  a  merchant  in  Hawick.  The  house  in 
which  he  lived  and  carried  on  business  was  in  the  High  Street,  near  the 
Cross.  It  has  recently  been  taken  down  and  rebuilt.  When  Prince 
Charlie  passed  through  Hawick  on  his  way  to  England,  James,  then  a 
youth,  was  sent  into  the  country  with  his  father's  horses,  to  prevent  their 
b«ng  seized  by  the  Prince's  followers.  James  Oliver  died  on  the  30th 
October,  1820,  aged  88.  John  Oliver,  writer  and  town-clerk  of  Hawick, 
third  son  of  the  above,  was  bom  in  1770.  and  died  in  1849,  aged  79, 
leaving  a  large  family. 

'  "  The  Churchyards  of  Teviotdale."  by  J.  Robson. 


The  date  of  the  death  of  John  Oliver  cannot  be  fixed,  but 
it  wonld  appear  that  he  died  before  the  a4th  December,  1775. 
He  was  succeeded  by  his  son. 

William  Olivbr  of  Dinlabyre,  bom  1738,  and  sheriflF  of  ^pj^arre 
the  county  of  Roxburgh.  He  married  Jane,  daughter  of 
John  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston,  by  EUenor,  daughter  of  Sir 
Gilbert  Elliot  of  Minto,  Lord  of  Session.  By  her  he  had  a 
large  family.  Mr  Oliver  seemed  to  be  especially  fond  of 
buying  and  selling  land.  In  1773  he  sold  Hartsgarth  and 
JLonghaugh  to  William  Sharp,  son  of  John  Sharp,  tenant  in 
Mackside,  and  bought  from  the  same  person  the  estate  of 
Weens.  It  used  to  be  said  that  Sharp  exchanged  Weens 
for  these  two  farms  with  Mr  Oliver.  His  next  deal  was  with 
the  lands  of  Over  and  Nether  Larriston  and  Blackhope, 
which  he  sold  to  Col.  William  Elliot  of  the  East  India  Com- 
pany  Bengal  Artillery  on  December  23rd,  1786.  On  the  17th 
of  February,  1790,  he  sold  the  same  person  the  lands  of 
Haggiehaugh,  formerly  known  as  the  lands  of  Larriston 
Rig,  for  i^igoo — the  disposition  of  which,  signed  at  Weens, 
was  witnessed  by  the  Rev.  John  Usher,  minister  of  the 
gospel  at  Kinghorn,  and  Thomas  Usher,  sheriff- substitute 
of  Roxburghshire.  Mr  Oliver,  after  possessing  Weens  for 
twenty  years,  sold  it  to  Nutter  Campbell  of  Kailzie,  and 
bought  instead  Liddell  Bank,  where,  for  a  time,  he  settled 
down.  It  was  here  that  his  eldest  daughter  married  (vide 
Edinburgh  Advertiser): — "On  the  21st  September,  1798,  at 
Liddell  Bank,  James  Russell,  surgeon  in  Edinburgh,  to 
Miss  Eleanor  Oliver,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Oliver  of 
Dinlabyre."  Also  vide  Scots  Magazine,  1806: — "At  Liddell 
Bank,  Major  Malcolm,  of  the  Royal  Marines,  to  Miss  Jean 
Oliver,  fourth  daughter,  and  Archibald  Little,  of  London,  to 
Miss  Agnes  Oliver,  fifth  daughter  of  William  Oliver  of 
Dinlabyre."  These  two  girls  were  married  the  same  day. 
Violet,  the  second  daughter,  married  Colonel  David  Richard- 
son, of  the  East  India  Company's  service,  and  was  drowned 
along  with  him,  the  vessel  being  lost  in  which  they  were 



proceeding  to  India.  Portraits  of  this  couple  are  at  Edger- 
3ton«  Elizabeth,  the  third  daughter,  married  Henry  Young, 
M.D.,^  and  had  issue. 

William  Oliver,  eldest  son,  succeeded  to  Dinlabyre  on  the 
death  of  his  father,  and  afterwards  to  Edgerston,  when  he 
took  the  name  of  Rutherfurd.' 

Major  Arch. 
Oliver  of 

Archibald  Oliver,  second  son  of  William  Oliver  of 
Dinlabyre,  entered  the  East  India  Company's  service  and 
joined  the  4th  Bengal  Native  Infantry.  In  the  year  1808, 
as  a  lieutenant,  he  was  adjutant  of  the  cadet  company.  In 
1815  he  was  made  a  captain  of  his  regiment,  and  soon  after- 
wards was  appointed  deputy  paymaster  at  Benares,  and 
eventually  retired  with  the  rank  of  major.  He  possessed 
a  small  property  not  far  from  Edgerston,  called  Bush,  or 
Overton  Bush.  The  present  house  of  Lintalee  was  built 
for  his  residence  by  the  proprietor.  On  his  death  he  left 
Overton  Bush  to  his  nephew  William,  son  of  his  brother 
John.  Major  Oliver  joined  the  Club  in  1826.  He  married 
Anne,  daughter  of  Col.  John  Anderson,  of  the  H.E.I.C.S. 
European  regiment.  Portraits  of  the  major  and  his  wife, 
by  Sir  John  Watson  Gordon,  are  now  at  Edgerston.  He 
died  in  1843,  at  Dorset  Square,  London,  at  the  house  of 
Brown  Roberts,  his  brother-in-law,  leaving  no  children. 

Sam.  Oliver.        Samuel  Oliver,  brother  of  the  above,  led  an  entirely 

country  life,  farming  being  his  occupation.  He  was  a 
clever,  witty,  well-read  man,  and  could  converse  on  most 
subjects.  It  was  a  pity  he  did  not  enter  into  some  pro- 
fession where  he  could  have  exercised  to  advantage  those 
talents  which  he  so  largely  possessed.  Mr  Oliver  became 
a  member  of  the  Club  in  1830,  at  which  time  he  occupied 
the  farm  of  Whitehill. 

1  Edward,  son  of  Henry  Young.  M.D.,  had  a  daughter.  Margaret  Jane, 
who  married  her  cousin.  W.  A.  Oliver  Rutherfiird,  in  1862. 

s  Vide  Oliver  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston. 


John  Oliver,  another  brother,  married  Margaret  Kerr,  John  Oliver, 
and  had  a  son  William^  now  of  Overton  Bush,  .  His  name 
appears  in  1815  as  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club. 

The  Olivers  of  Dinlabyre  were  great  supporters  of  the 
Club,  a  father  and  four  sons  being  member^  at  the  same 


Capt.  William  Ormiston  was  in  the  merchant  service,  and 
commanded  a  ship  which  traded  with  India.  On  his  retire- 
ment from  the  service,  he  married  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Waugh,  writer,  Jedburgh.  This  gentleman  had 
acquired  by  purchase  the  lands  of  Glenburnhall  and  Lark- 
hall  ;  he  also  possessed  the  hill  farm  of  Hagburn,  or  Hawk- 
burn,  in  the  parish  of  Melrose.  When  Mr  Waugh  died, 
his  daughter,  Mrs  Ormiston,  succeeded  to  his  property,  in 
1804.  ^^^  enjoyment  of  it  was  of  but  short  duration,  as 
she  died  in  1809,  at  the  age  of  47.  Her  husband,  Capt. 
Ormiston,  died,  aged  72,  in  1812.  Hawkburn  was  sold  by 
the  trustees  of  Mrs  Ormiston,  and  bought  by  Capt.  James 
Cleghorn  of  Weens,  Royal  North  British  Fusileers.  Capt. 
Ormiston  had  several  children,  three  of  whom  were  sons 
— Thomas,  William,  and  John. 

William  Ormiston,  the  second  son,  was  a  midshipman 
in  the  Royal  Navy,  and  died  at  sea  on  board  H.M.S. 
'<  Modeste,"  commanded  by  Capt.  the  Hon.  G.  Elliot,  on 
the  22nd  of  December,  18 10. 

Thomas  Ormiston  was  born  in  1790.  He  built  the  present 
house  of  Glenburnhall  and  laid  out  the  grounds  and  made  it 
a  residential  estate.  He  married  at  Edinburgh,  August  4th, 
1815,  Jane  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Capt.  Tyrie,  Royal 
Navy.     Mr  Ormiston  died  in  the  year  1820. 

John  Andrew  Ormiston  of  Glenburnhall  succeeded  his 
brother,  who  left  no  issue.  He  was  then  a  lieutenant  on 
half  pay  of  the  91st  Foot,  having  joined  it  as  an  ensign  in 
181 1.     His  wife  was   Marjory  Maxwell  Thomson.     They 


had  two  sons  and  several  daughters.    Mr  Ormiston  died  in 
1838,  aged  40,  and  was  survived  by  his  wife  until  1867. 

William  T.  WiLLiAM  Thomas  Ormiston  became  laird  of  Glenburn- 

Ormiston  of 

Glenborn-       hall.      He  married    Betty,  youngest    daughter  of  Robert 
*^  •  Henderson  of  Abbotrule,  but  had  no  family.     Mr  Ormiston 

was  elected  a  member  of  the  Club  in  1871.  Mrs  Ormiston 
died  in  June,  1878,  and  was  followed  by  her  husband 
within  a  month.  The  estate  was  then  sold,  and  the 
mansion-house  and  grounds,  with  the  glen  and  some 
grass  land,  became  the  property  of  Charles  Anderson, 
solicitor,  Jedburgh.  Mr  Barrie  bought  Larkhall,  with 
the  farm  lands  attached. 




n^HE  Rev.  James  Paton  held  a  bursary  in  Glasgow  Uni- 
^  versity  in  1698,  and  was  '*  licensed  to  preach  the 
Gospel"  by  the  Presbytery  of  Dalkeith  on  February  i, 
1709,  under  the  designation,  '<  chaplain  to  my  Lord  Justice 
Clerk."  The  trustees  of  the  then  Viscount  Primrose  pre- 
sented him  to  the  parish  of  Primrose,  or  Carrington,  and  on 
July  27,  1709,  he  was  ordained  minister  of  that  parish.  He 
died  in  1764  in  the  55th  year  of  his  ministry.  Mr  Paton 
married,  first,  on  April  5th,  17 10,  Mai^aret,  daughter  of 
William  Ritchie,  Ayr,  and  had  by  her  a  son,  Robert,  and 
four  daughters.  She  died  in  1721.  He  married,  as  his 
second  wife,  Agnes  Floss,  in  1772,  and  had  issue. 

The  Rev.  Robert  Paton,  his  eldest  son,  was  born  in  171 1. 
He  was  ordained  minister  of  Lasswade  in  1746,  and  died 
in  1786,  in  the  fortieth  year  of  his  ministry,  aged  75.  He 
married,  first,  on  January  22nd,  1750,  Janet, ^  daughter  of 
Mr  Hislop,  Dalkeith,  and  had  by  her  a  son,  James,  bom 
at  Lasswade  in  1750 — of  whom  presently.  The  Rev.  Robert 
Paton  married,  secondly,  Helen  Scott,  widow  of  the  Rev. 
John  Currie.  She  died  (vide  Edinburgh  Evening  Courant)  in 
April,  1799,  at  j'aterson's  Court,  Broughton,  near  Edin* 

Jambs  Paton  entered  the  Bombay  Civil  Service  at  the  age  James  Paton 
of  22,  in  the  year  1773  {vide  Bombay  Civil  List).     His  name  ^^  C^a*^^"^ 
still  appears  in  the  list  in  1799.    He  left  India  in  1798,  and 
married,  December  i8th  of  the  same  year,  Christian  Mary, 
second  daughter  of  John  Cadell  of  Cockenzie.     In  1802  he 
bought  Crailing,  once  the  residence  and  country  seat  of  the 

1  Her  sisters  married,  respectively,  Sir  Robert  Preston,  Cadell  of  Cock- 
enzie, and  Frazer  of  Ford. 


Lords  Cranstoun.  This  beautiful  estate  is  four  miles  from 
Jedburgh,  and  the  house  overlooks  the  banks  of  the  Oxnam 
and  the  vale  of  the  Teviot.  In  1803,  after  he  had  completed 
the  purchase,  he  commenced  the  present  house,  and  employed 
Mr  William  Elliot,  the  popular  county  architect,  to  carry  out 
the  work.  The  old  house  of  Crailing  was  situated  on  higher 
ground  above  the  old  churchyard,  which  contains  some 
interesting  and  curious  tombstones.^  Mr  Paton  was  an 
original  member  of  the  Club,  and  attended  the  inauguration 
meeting.  May  2nd,  1810.  He  died  at  Crailing  in  1826. 
There  is  an  excellent  portrait  of  him  by  Sir  Henry  Raeburn 
which  hangs  in  the  dining-room.  James  Paton  had  a 
brother,  the  Rev.  John  Paton,  minister  of  Lasswade,  of 
whom  I  shall  have  something  to  say  presently.  Of  James's 
children,  of  whom  there  were  nine,  I  shall  mention — 

Mary,  born  1802,  died  1879;  married  Rev.  John  Paton, 

John,  the  eldest  surviving  son,  bom  in  1805,  succeeded  his 

Robert  Paton  was  born  in  181 1,  became  an  ensign  in  the 
15th  Madras  Native  Infantry  in  1829,  and  he  died  on  the 

1  Crailing  Church,  October  24th,  1762. — ^The  kirk-session  of  Crailing 
being  met  in  the  church  and  taking  under  their  consideration  the  adver- 
tisement made  by  Lord  Cranstoun,  requiring  all  persons  who  have  been  in 
use  to  bury  in  the  old  churchyard  of  Crailing  to  carry  ofif  their  tombs, 
troughs,  and  headstones  to  the  new  churchyard  and  erect  them  there, 
against  Wednesday,  the  17th  November  next,  and  what  st^K  it  may  be 
most  proper  for  the  members  of  the  session  to  take,  in  consequence  there- 
of relating  to  the  tomb  of  the  deceased  Bailie  George  Cranstoun  and  his 
son  William,  for  upholding  of  which  the  session  have  a  bond  of  500 
merks  Scots,  the  interest  of  which  is  i>aid  yearly  to  the  schoolmaster  of 
Crailing,  according  to  the  tenor  of  said  bond.  Lord  Cranstoun  repre- 
sented that  as  the  said  tomb  is  built  upon  the  wall  of  the  burying-ground 
belonging  to  his  family,  he  cannot  conveniently  remove  it  till  next  spring 
at  soonest,  the  members  of  the  session  will  have  time  enough,  after  this, 
to  consider  what  they  should  do  to  the  said  tomb.  (Copied  from  the 
Records,  1876.)  The  elaborate  and  handsomely-carved  tomb  of  Bailie 
•George  Cranston  and  his  son  William,  is  still  in  fairly  good  preservation. 
At  the  top  are  a  couple  of  cherubs,  holding  between  them  a  crown  of 
^lory,  with  a  carved  figure  in  bold  relief  on  either  side  below. 


8th, of  June,  1831,  .when  on  the  march,  at  a  place  called 

John  Paton  of  Crailing  was  educated  at  Edinburgh,  and  John  Paton 
married,  first,  in  December,  1830,  Ellen,  only  daughter  of 
William  Elliot  of  Harwood  (she  was  born  at  Hundalee  in 
September,  1806);  and,  second,  Annie  Margaret,  only 
daughter  of  Admiral  Elliot,  a  cousin  of  his  first  wife.  He 
became  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  when  23  years  of 
age,  and  died,  aged  84,  in  1889 ;  therefore,  at  the  time  of  his 
death,  he  had  been  for  the  period  of  61  years  a  member. 
The  Duke  of  Roxburghe  made  him  one  of  his  deputy-lieu- 
tenants in  1885.  He  was  also  a  justice  of  the  peace.  His 
family  consisted  of  six  sons  and  one  daughter. 

Major  James  Paton  of  Crailing  succeeded  his  father  in  Major  James 
1889.  He  was  bom,  24th  September,  1831,  at  Crailing  crailLg. 
House,  and  was  educated  at  the  Edinburgh  Academy  and 
Grange  School.  On  returning  home  for  his  mid-summer 
holidays  in  June,  1848,  he  travelled  in  the  ''Chevy  Chase*' 
— the  last  journey  that  well  known  Border  coach  ever  made. 
Major  Paton  joined  the  army  on  the  15th  February,  1850^ 
as  an  ensign  in  the  4th  or  King's  Own  regiment.  This 
corps  was  stationed  in  Edinburgh  when  war  was  declared 
with  Russia.  The  4th  Regiment  was  amongst  the  first 
ordered  to  the  Crimea,  and  it  was  embarked  at  Granton 
on  the  8th  of  March,  1854,  ^^  board  the  "Golden  Fleece." 
Paton  accompanied  his  regiment,  and  served  with  it  through- 
out the  war.  In  June,  1854,  he  got  his- lieutenancy,  and  in  the 
short  space  of  eleven  months,  he  obtained  a  company.  He 
was  present  at  the  battle  of  Inkermann,  and  went  through 
all  the  dangers  and  hardships  connected  with  service  in  the 
trenches  before  SebastopoL  He  got  his  company  by  the 
death  of  Captain  Arnold,  who  was  shot  in  the  abdomen 
when  posting  sentries.  The  King's  Own  lay  nearer  the 
town  than  any  other  corps,  and  suffered  from  a  vertical 
fire,  the  shot  coming  as  it  were  from  the  clouds.     The 


sufferings  of  our  troops  during  tbe  winter  of  1854  ^  °^^  ^ 
matter  of  history.  The  men  lay  down  and  died  for  want 
of  proper  food  and  clothing,  and  never  made  a  complaint. 
The  4th  at  one  time  could  not  prxxLuce  seventy  men  fit 
for  dutyt  and  the  630!  was  so  much  reduced  by  cholera, 
aggravated  by  privations,  that  only  eight  men  could  be 
found  able  to  take  their  turn  in  the  trenches.  Captain 
Paton  had  a  narrow  escape  on  the  26th  of  July,  1855.  ^^ 
officer  reported  that  there  were  not  enough  men  to  connect 
the  sentries  in  the  advanced  trench  with  the  French  on 
the  left.  The  advanced  sentries  were  always  posted  after 
dark.  Captain  Paton  was  ordered  with  Corporal  Hutchins 
to  make  the  connexion,  and  found  to  his  surprise  that  the 
numbers  were  complete,  with  two  files  to  spare.  On  the 
return  oi  the  party,  now  increased  to  six,  at  a  place  where 
they  had«to  moimt  the  parapet,  a  howitzer  shell  burst  in 
their  midstT  Corporal  Hutchins  was  blown  to  atoms,  the 
only  part  of  his  body  that  could  be  found  being  a  small 
portion  of  his  left  arm.  Captain  Paton  was  carried  into 
the  trench  insensible,  with  wounds  in  the  face  and  neck, 
caused  by  portions  of  the  corporal's  skull,  he  being  close 
to  that  unfortunate  man  when  the  shell  exploded.  The 
wounds  received  by  Paton  were,  happily,  not  dangerous, 
and  he  soon  recovered,  and  returned  to  his  duty  in  the 
trenches.  By  this  time,  a  change  for  the  better  had  taken 
place,  and  when  the  winter  set  in,  both  officers  and  men 
were  made  fairly  comfortable.  At  the  close  of  the  Crimean 
war.  Captain  Paton  returned  to  England  with  his  regiment 
in  H.M.S.  ^^Exmouth,"  and  landed  at  Portsmouth.  From 
there,  the  regiment  went  to  Ireland.  In  April,  1857, 
it  was  again  ordered  abroad,  embarking  at  Kings- 
town for  the  Mauritius  in  the  '*  Lord  Raglan "  (a  sailing 

The  Indian  mutiny  having  broken  out,  the  regiment  was 
sent  in  August  of  the  same  year  to  Bombay,  the  right  wing 
proceeding  in  the  H.E.I.C.'s  frigate  <*  Assaye."  On  Easter 
day,  1858,  two  companies  of  the  4th  and  a  company  of  siege 



artillery,  without  guns,  were  ordered  to  attack  and  seize  Fort 
Beyt.  Captain  Bayley,  R.A.,  commanded  this  detachment, 
and  was  dangerously  wounded  early  in  the  attack,  d3ring 
subsequently  of  his  injuries.  Capt.  Paton  succeeded  to  the 
command,  and  an  attempt  was  made  to  blow  in  the  gate 
with  a  bag  of  gunpowder,  but  the  party  engaged  in  this 
hazardous  undertaking  was  annihilated.  The  detachment 
then  had  to  retire.  In  Capt.  Paton's  company  (the  grena- 
diers) alone,  out  of  sixty  men  five  were  killed,  and  both 
his  lieutenants  and  eleven  men  wounded.  For  his  dis- 
tinguished services  Major  Paton  received  the  following 
decorations: — Crimean  medal,  with  clasps  for  Inkermann 
and  Sebastopol;  the  Turkish  Crimean  medal,  the  Indian 
mutiny  medal,  and  the  cross  of  the  Legion  of  Honour  from 
the  Emperor  of  the  French.  From  India,  he  accompanied 
his  regiment  to  Malta  and  North  America,  and  obtained 
his  majority  in  1865.  He  retired  from  the  army  in  May, 
1 87 1,  after  twenty-one  years'  service. 

On  his  return  to  Roxburghshire,  he  was  appointed  major 
of  the  Border  Rifle  volunteers,  and  on  the  death  of  Sir  G. 
Douglas,  Bart.,  succeeded  to  the  command  of  the  regiment, 
which  he  held  until  1887.  Major  Paton  married,  on  the 
2oth  of  August,  1863,  the  eldest  daughter  of  J.  C.  Lamb 
of  Ryton,  county  of  Durham.  His  eldest  son,  John,  is  a 
captain  in  the  same  regiment  as  his  father  served  in;  his 
third  son  is  a  lieutenant  in  the  Royal  Navy,  in  which 
service  he  has  distinguished  himself,  having  been  twice 
decorated.  Major  Paton  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in  1863, 
and  is  now  third  in  seniority  as  a  member.  He  is  a  deputy- 
lieutenant  and  justice  of  the  peace  for  Roxburghshire  and 
a  member  of  the  county  council,  in  which  he  takes  a  lead- 
ing part. 

George  Paton,  brother  of  Major  Paton  of  Crailing,  served 
in  the  24th  Regiment,  which  he  eventually  commanded. 
He  was  aide-de-camp  to  Major-General  Sir  Alfred  Horsford, 
K.C.B.,  and  also  to  Sir  W.  Jervois,  K.C.M.G.,  governor 
and   commander-in-chief  of  the  Straits  Settlements.      He 



served  in  the  Perak  expedition,  Malay  Peninsula,  1875-76, 
and  received  a  medal;  was  colonial  military  secretary  to 
the  Cape  Government  during  the  Kaffir  war.  In  1879  he 
commanded  a  force  of  irregulars  in  the  Transvaal  border 
during  the  latter  part  of  the  Zulu  war,  for  which  he  received 
a  medal  and  clasp.  He  was  created  a  companion  of  St 
Michael  and  St  George  for  his  services  in  the  last  named 
war.  Colonel  Paton  ^  married,  in  1873,  Ethel  (who  died  in 
1885),  daughter  of  Major -General  Edward  Bagot.  He 
married,  secondly,  a  daughter  of  Edward  Walker.  The 
other  surviving  brother  of  Major  Paton  is  Robert  Elliot 
Paton,  who  was  born  in  1843,  and  married,  in  1875,  Eleanor, 
daughter  of  J.  Russell,  M.D. 

I  shall  now  return  to  the  Rev.  John  Paton,  brother  of 
the  first  laird  of  Crailing.  He  was  born  in  1755,  and 
ordained  assistant  and  successor  to  his  father  as  minister 
of  Lasswade,  in  1782;  succeeded  his  father  in  1786,  and 
was  appointed  King's  Almoner*  in  1803 — he  was  the  last 
who  held  that  office  in  Scotland.  He  married  Margaret 
Main,  a  lady  who  was  connected  with  the  family  of  the 
Earl  of  Wigton.  They  had,  amongst  other  children, 
Robert,  born  in  1795,  who  was  a  writer  to  the  signet,  and 
died  in  1884.  James,  bom  in  1798,  was  a  captain  in  the 
Bengal  artillery,  and  when  a  first  lieutenant  served  in  the 
Rocket  Troop.  He  filled  various  military  and  political 
appointments,  and  for  ten  years  was  attached  to  the 
residency  at  Lucknow.  He  married,  but  had  no  children, 
and  died  in  1848. 

John,  the  third  son,  was  bom  in  1804.  He  became 
minister  of  Ancmm  in  1832,  and  died  at  Ancrum   manse 

1  Colonel  Paton  is  at  present  commandant  of  the  school  of  musketry 
at  Hythe. 

>  Almoner,  an  office  anciently  allotted  to  a  dignified  clergyman,  who 
gave  the  first  dish  from  the  Royal  table  to  the  poor,  or  an  alms  in  money. 
The  Lord  High  Almoner  of  Queen  Victoria  is  the  Right  Rev.  Lord  Alwyne 
Compton,  D.D.,  Lord  Bishop  of  Ely;  the  Sub-Almoner,  Rev.  Canon 
Eyton.  M.A. 


in  1870.     He  married  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Pa  ton 
of  Crailing,  and  had  issue. 

Mr  Pattison,  son  of  William  Pattison,  by  Agnes  Han-  Sheriff  G.H. 
dayside,  his  wife,  was  born  at  Wooler,  in  1806.  He  was  *  **°°' 
educated  in  Edinburgh,  at  the  High  School  and  the  Uni- 
versity. He  entered  the  office  of  Mr  Dickie,  writer,  in 
Edinburgh,  where,  as  a  lad,  he  acquired  those  bus- 
iness habits  which,  in  a  great  measure,  prepared  him  for 
the  Scottish  bar,  to  which  he  was  admitted  in  1834.  ^^ 
Pattison  was  a  conservative  in  politics,  and  supported  the 
present  Duke  of  Buccleuch,  when  Earl  of  Dalkeith,  in  his 
contests  for  the  representation  of  Mid-Lothian.  Mr  Patti- 
son's  connection  with  Roxburghshire  commenced  in  1868, 
when  Mr  Oliver  Rutherfurd,  the  old  sheriff  of  Roxburgh- 
shire, resigned  his  post,  after  occupying  that  appointment 
for  an  unprecedented  period.  His  appointment  as  sheriff 
was  the  last  Act  in  the  Treasury  minute-book,  when  the 
conservatives  went  out  of  office.  Pattison  was  a  shrewd 
and  clever  lawyer,  and  could  tell  a  good  after-dinner  story. 
He  was  a  regular  attendant  at  the  >  Jedforest  meetings, 
having  been  elected  a  member  on  the  ist  of  June,  1869. 
Mr  Pattison  was  most  particular  in  upholding  the  dignity 
and  importance  of  his  position  as  sheriff  of  the  county. 
He  died  on  the  5th  of  April,  1885. 


The  name  of  Pott  has  been  for  long  associated  with  the 
Borders.  In  1521,  it  is  recorded  "that  the  Potts,  Ruther- 
fords,  Dalgleishes,  and  Robsons,  with  their  followers,  made 
a  raid  into  England  with  two  slothunds,  and  carried  off  a 
number  of  sheep  and  about  a  hundred  head  of  cattle.*' 

Among  the  early  tombstones  in  the  burial  enclosure  at 
Borthwick  Walls  is  one  to  the  memory  of  George  Pott,  who 
died  on  the  14th  February,  1720,  aged  69. 

James  Pott,  tenant  in  Langside  and  Penchrise,  was  born 


in  1720,  and  was  one  of  fourteen  children.  He  purchased 
the  small  estate  of  Dod,  which  is  still  in  the  possession  of 
the  family,  from  Captain  Vetch,  the  brother  of  Lord  Bow- 
hill,  a  lord  of  session.  Vetch  was  in  the  21st  Fusileers,  and 
had  married  the  widow  of  a  private  in  the  regiment.  Her 
name  was  Gladstanes,  and  by  the  death  of  a  distant  relation 
she  succeeded  to  Dod.  He  seemed  to  have  been  rather 
extravagant,  and  upon  leaving  the  army,  sold  the  estate. 
James  Pott  married  Jean,  daughter  of  Gideon  Scott  of  WoU  ^ 
and  Jean  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae,^  and  his  second  son^ 
Gideon  (the  eldest,  George,  died  at  the  age  of  four  years),  on 
the  death  of  his  father,  succeeded  to  Dod,  with  the  tenancy 
of  the  farms  of  Penchrise  and  Langside.  James  Pott  died 
at  Penchrise,  in  1765,  aged  63  years,  and  his  wife  Jean 
in  1767,  aged  48. 

Gideon  Pott,  second  of  Dod,  lived  in  the  good  old  times^ 
when  a  great  deal  of  money  was  made  by  sheep  farming. 
His  landlord.  Sir  Walter  Elliot,  Bart.,  of  Stobs,  borrowed  a 
considerable  sum  of  money  from  him,  to  rebuild  the  mansion- 
house  of  Stobs.  As  a  return  for  this  loan,  the  Penchrise  rent 
was  much  reduced,  and  a  long  lease  was  granted.  This 
arrangement  was  made  to  enable  Mr  Pott  to  receive  in  fiill 
both  principal  and  interest.  Gideon  Pott  married  Elizabeth 
Pott  of  Todrig  (she  died  in  1840,  aged  84),  and  by  her  had 
four  sons'  and  three  daughters.  He  bought  the  grazing 
farm  of  Riskenhope,  which  formed  part  of  the  old  barony 
of  Rodono,  from  Hay  of  Duns  Castle.  He  died  5th  of  May,. 
18 1 2,  at  the  age  of  55,  and  is  buried,  with  other  members, 
of  his  family,  at  Borthwick  Walls. 

George  Pott         GsoRGB  PoTT,  third  of  Dod,  and  also  of  Knowesouth,. 
^  was  born  at  Penchrise  in  1790.     He  was  educated  at  Jed- 

burgh, Yarrow,  and  the    University  of    Edinburgh.      He 

1  Vide  memoir  Scott  of  WoU.    >  Vide  Elliot  of  Borthwickbrae. 
*  The  second  son  of  Gideon  Pott  was  James,  who  became  a  writer  to  the 
signet  in  1818.     Vide  Pott  of  Potbum. 


became  a  captain  in  the  Roxburgh  yeomanry  cavalry  in 
181 7.  Sir  William  Francis  Eliott,  from  whom  he  held  his 
lands,  was  junior  captain  in  the  same  regiment*  These 
gentlemen  soon  afterwards  had  a  long  and  expensive  law* 
suit,  on  the  subject  of  the  bargain  their  fathers  had  made 
concerning  the  rent  and  lease  of  Penchrise.  The  case 
at  last  went  to  the  House  of  Lords,  and  Sir  William 
gained  the  day.  Mr  Pott  married,  in  1823,  Jane  Elliot, 
daughter  of  William  Elliot,  a  well  known  architect  (she 
died  at  Edinburgh,  in  1864,  aged  64).  In  1828,  he  rented 
Crowbill,  on  the  Teviot,  below  Hawick,  now  called  Buck- 
lands,  where  he  lived  for  ten  years,  until  he  bought 
Knowesouth.  He  sold  Riskenhope,  in  i860,  to  John 
Scott,  W.S.,  Edinburgh,  formerly  of  Teviotbank,  for  the 
sum  of  ;^i4,250.  Mr  Pott  obtained  from  his  cousins  at 
Skelfhill,  when  a  young  man,  a  copper  pot  or  cauldron 
of  large  dimensions,  nineteen  and  a  half  inches  deep,  and 
a  quarter  of  an  inch  thick,  which,  in  the  memory  of  the 
oldest  inhabitant,  had  always  been  at  Skelfhill.  One  author- 
ity inclines  to  the  belief  that  the  cauldron  was  found 
under  some  of  the  ruins  of  Hermitage  Castle ;  others  say  it 
was  discovered  buried  in  the  Nine  Stane  Rig;  but  all  agree 
in  considering  it  to  be  a  Border  relic  of  great  antiquity. 
Tradition  has  enveloped  it  with  romance.  Lord  Soulis, 
once  owner  of  Hermitage  Castle,  is  represented  as  uniting 
formidable  strength  with  detestable  cruelty.  He  was  regarded 
as  under  the  control  and  guidance  of  the  devil,  and  was 
proof  against  any  ordinary  forms  of  death.  He  murdered 
Armstrong,  laird  of  Mangerton,  and  also  the  chief  of 
Keilder ;  to  the  laird.  Lord  Soulis  had  himself  owed  his  life. 
To  obtain  materials  to  fortify  Hermitage  Castle,  he  com- 
pelled his  vassals  to  work  like  beasts  of  burden.  It  has 
been  said  that  the  King  of  Scotland,  irritated  by  repeated 
complaints  against  his  lordship,  peevishly  exclaimed — "  Boil 
him  if  you  please,  but  let  me  hear  no  more  of  him."  Accord- 
ingly, he  was  cut  in  pieces,  wrapped  in  a  sheet  of  lead,  and 
carried  to  the  Nine  Stane  Rig.    At  a  spot  marked  by  a  small 


circle  of  upright  stones,  his  body  was  boiled  in  this  cauldron. 
This  remarkable  relic  Mr  Pott  presented  to  the  late  Duke  of 
Buccleuch ;  it  is  still  in  the  possession  of  the  family,  and  is 
much  prized  by  the  present  duke. 

George  Pott  was  a  universal  favourite  with  the  country 
people,  and  seldom  passed  any  one  without  a  word  of  recog- 
nition. Riding  one  day  from  Knowesouth  to  Rewcastle,  he 
met  an  old  man,  called  James  Bunyan,  herding  his  cow  on 
the  roadside.  After  the  usual  remark  about  the  weather, 
he  said,  '*  Well,  James,  who  do  you  think  is  the  best  farmer 
in  this  county?"  "Scott  of  Timpendean,"  James  replied, 
without  hesitation.  "  And  who  do  you  think  is  the  worst  ?  '* 
"  Weel,  sir,  I  think  it  is  just  yersel'."  This  answer  greatly 
delighted  Mr  Pott,  who  often  repeated  the  story.  He  joined 
the  Jedforest  Club  in  1813,  at  the  age  of  23,  and  died  at 
Knowesouth  in  1862,  aged  72,  and  was  buried  at  Borthwick 
Walls.     In  an  old  ballad  are  these  lines : — 

"  The  Grieves,  the  Potts,  and  the  Craws, 
A*  bury  in  Borthwick  Wa*s." 

He  left  two  sons  and  four  daughters.  William  Pott,  his 
second  son,  was  for  many  years  an  officer  of  the  89th  Regi- 
ment, and  married  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Helme,  of  Surrey. 
He  has  children. 

Gideon  Pott         QiDEON  PoTT  of  Dod  and  Knowesouth  is  the  eldest  son 
of  Dod.  Qf  George  Pott,  and  was  born  in   1824  at  Penchrise,  and 

was  educated  at  Canonbie,  the  Grange  School  (Sunderland), 
and  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  He  became  a  member 
of  the  Jedforest  Club  on  the  25th  August,  1847,  and  is  now 
the  senior  member  of  the  institution.  In  the  year  1848, 
and  for  several  years  afterwards,  he  acted  as  collector  of 
county  rates.  He  was  offered  by  the  British  Linen  Com- 
pany their  bank  agency  in  Jedburgh,  which  he  declined. 
In  1862  it  fell  to  Gideon  Pott  and  Edward  Heron  Maxwell, 
of  Teviot  Bank,  to  carry  out  a  well-devised  scheme  for  con- 
necting Hassendean  station  with  Denholm  and  the  south 
side  of  the  river  Teviot.     The  idea  originated  with   Mr 


Pott's  father  and  Mr  Selby,  factor  to  the  Earl  of  Minto. 
A  bridge  was  built,,  costing  rather  more  than  ;^i6oo,  and 
with  roads  in  connection  about  ;^2ioo,  all  of  which  was 
raised  in  a  very  small  area  by  voluntary  subscription,  only 
excepting  a  small  grant  from  the  bridge  fund.  Time  has 
proved  this  undertaking  to  be  one  of  the  greatest  boons 
conferred  on  the  district.  Landlords  gave  the  land ;  hearty 
co-operation  and  liberality  followed;  but  this  work  would 
never  have  been  accomplished  if  Gideon  Pott  had  not 
thrown  his  whole  energy  and  determination  into  it.  Mr 
Pott  again,  with  the  assistance  of  Mr  Maxwell,  initiated 
a  most  popular  movement.  The  late  Duke  of  Buccleuch 
had  for  many  years  kept  a  pack  of  foxhounds,  and  had 
hunted  the  county.  His  Grace  was  not  only  very  popular 
on  this  account  with  the  hunting  community,  but  also  com- 
manded the  respect  of  his  numerous  tenantry  for  his 
liberality  as  a  landlord.  Pott  and  Maxwell,  both  thorough 
sportsmen,  and  well  known  in  the  Duke's  territory,  found 
no  difficulty  in  securing  a  large  following  when  it  was  pro- 
posed to  the  county  that  a  presentation  should  be  made  to 
his  Grace,  in  recognition  of  his  great  kindness  in  hunting  the 
district  and  keeping  the  hounds  at  his  own  expense  for  the 
use  and  enjoyment  of  others.  The  appeal  at  once  met  with 
a  willing  and  hearty  response.  Subscriptions  rolled  in  on 
all  sides,  and  Mr  Pott  had  in  a  wonderfully  short  space  of 
time  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  his  fund  reach  ;^i7oo.  The 
presentation  took  the  form  of  two  very  handsome  and 
massive  candelabra,  which  were  duly  presented  to  his 
Grace  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch  by  the  hunt. 

When  a  troop  of  mounted  volunteers  was  formed  by 
Lord  Melgund,  Mr  Pott  attended  the  first  meeting,  when 
officers  and  non-commissioned  officers  were  appointed.  A 
mounted  corps,  of  course,  had  an  attraction  to  a  good 
horseman,  and  a  commission  in  the  troop  was  offered  him» 
but  declined  in  the  first  instance.  He,  however,  entered 
the  tanks  as  a  private,  and  accepted  a  lieutenancy  after 
three  years'  service.     Gideon  Pott,  who  generally  excels  in 


everything  he  undertakes,  proved  himself  to  be  a  first-class 
shot  with  the  old  Snider  rifle,  with  which  the  Border 
mounted  were  armed.  Although  considerably  above  forty 
years  of  age  when  he  joined  the  ranks,  he  took  his  full 
share  in  all  the  duties  of  the  troop.  He  went  to  Wimble- 
don several  years,  and  in  1876  he  came  out  9th  in  the 
Queen's  Sixty,  out  of  two  thousand  five  hundred  competi- 
tors. In  the  next  year,  his  shooting  again  brought  him  to 
the  front,  for  he  tied  for  the  second  place  in  the  St  George's 
Vase,  out  of  about  two  thousand.  He  won,  three  years 
successively,  the  officers'  challenge  cup  of  the  Border 
battalion,  which,  according  to  the  conditions,  became  his 
property;  and  he  also  won  smaller  trophies  at  the  local 

Nothing  of  any  importance  has  taken  place  in  the  county 
for  the  last  forty  years,  without  Mr  Pott  having  some 
share  in  it.  As  a  farmer,  he  has  few  equals;  generally, 
his  lambs  obtain  the  highest  price  in  the  market.  For 
some  years  past,  he  has  taken  pupils  at  Knowesouth,  who 
receive  a  practical  training  in  the  best  methods  of  agri- 
culture, and  also  in  the  duties  and  responsibilities  of  country 
gentlemen.  In  private  life,  his  pleasiug  manners  engage 
and  secure  the  affection  of  his  numerous  friends.  To  detail 
the  services  of  Mr  Pott's  long  and  active  life,  would  demand 
a  much  larger  space  than  our  limits  will  permit ;  and  to  do 
justice  to  his  merits  would  require  an  abler  pen  than  the 
writer  of  this  hasty  sketch  possesses. 

Pott  of  Potburn  represents  a  branch  of  this  family. 
Gideon  Pott  of  Dod,  who  married  Elizabeth  Pott  of  Tod- 
rig,  had  four  sons,  the  second  being  James,  a  writer  to  the 
signet.  He  married,  in  1839,  the  second  daughter  of  Peter 
Brown  of  Rawflat,  and  had,  with  other  issue,  two  sons.  He 
purchased  the  estate  of  Potburn,  Selkirkshire,  in  183 1.  He 
died  in  1852,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son,  James 
Gideon  Pott  of  Potburn,  bom  at  55  Albany  Street,  Edin- 
burgh, in  January,  1840.  He  obtained  a  cornetcy  in  the 
nth   Hussars,  in   1859.      He  was  a    delicate,   handsome- 


looking  man,  very  popular  with  his  brother  officers,  but 
his  health  obliged  him  to  retire  from  the  service,  and  he 
died  at  the  early  age  of  25. 

Georgb  Pott  succeeded  his  brother,  married,   and  had  George  Pott 
a  family.      For  some  years  he  resided  in  Roxburghshire,  °     °   °"^ 
and  hunted  with  the  Duke's  hounds.      Latterly,  he  lived 
in   Edinburgh,  at  his  house,  55  Albany  Street,  where  he 
died  in  1898.     He  joined  the  Jedforest  Club  in   1870,   at 
which  time  he  lived  at  Lintalee,  near  Jedburgh. 


Pringlb,  a  name  well  known  in  the  south  of  Scotland,  is 
supposed  to  be  a  corruption  of  the  word  pilgrim.  A  pilgrim, 
so  my  authority  says,  who  had  returned  from  the  Holy 
Land,  settled  in  Teviotdale,  and  his  descendants  were  called 
Hop  Pringle,  or  the  son  of  the  pilgrim. 

There  were  two  distinct  families  of  Pringle.  The  one 
branch  settled  chiefly  in  the  upper  parts  of  Gala  Water 
and  the  adjoining  counties  of  Berwick  and  East  Lothian. 
They  were  designated  the  Pringles  of  Torsonce;  and  the 
other  family  was  descended  from  the  Pringles  of  Whitsun. 

Robert  Hop  Pringle  of  Whitsun,  styled  in  a  charter  from 
the  Earl  of  Douglas  *'dilecto  suo  scutifero,"  who  acted  in 
that  capacity  as  armour-bearer  or  squire  of  the  body  to  James, 
Earl  of  Douglas,  at  the  battle  of  Otterburn  in  1388.  He 
held  the  same  appointment  in  the  household  of  Archibald, 
the  next  Earl  Douglas,  and  his  son  Archibald,  the  4th  earl, 
whom  he  accompanied  to  France,  in  whose  services  he  lost 
his  life  at  the  battle  of  Verneuil  in  1424.  Archibald,  3rd 
Earl  of  Douglas,  gave  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Smailholm, 
also  a  grant  of  Pilmuir  and  Blackchester,  in  Lauderdale,  to 
Robert  Pringle  in  1408.  He  built  the  old  tower  of  Smail- 
holm, formerly  a  Border  keep,  on  a  rocky  eminence  in  the 
farm  of  Sandyknowe.  This  Robert  was  succeeded  by  his 

Robert  Hop  Pringle  of  Smailholm  is  presumed  to  be  the 

■n  > 

\  •  <  ' 


person  who  erected  the  singularly-constructed  bridge  across 
the  Tweed  near  Melrose,  described  by  Gordon,  and  also  by 
Sir  Walter  Scott  in  the  Monastery ;  on  the  centre  pillar  of 
which  there  is  his  coat  of  arms,  with  the  following  inscrip- 
tion : — 

I,  Robert  Pringill  of  Pilmore  steed, 
Gave  a  hundred  nobles  of  goad  sae  reid, 
To  big  my  brigg  upon  the  Tweed. 

^  r  Bx^mrt  Pringle  married  Elspeth  Dishington,  daughter  of 
Sir  William  Dishington  of  Ardross,  in  the  coimty  of  Fife, 
who  built  the  house  of  Galashiels  in  1457.  The  inscription 
above  the  doorway  of  the  house  was :  — 

Elspeth  Dishington  built  me. 

In  syn  lye  not: 

The  things  thou  canst  not  get 

Desyre  not. 


By  this  lady  he  had  four  sons  and  three  daughters. 

David  Pringle  of  Smailholm  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

James  Pringle  of  Smailholm,  who  married  Isabella  Mur- 
ray (of  the  family  of  Falahill),  and  had  several  sons,  the 
ancestors  of  various  families  of  the  name. 

The  Torwoodlee  family  are  descended  from  William,  a 
younger  son.    James  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son, 

David  Pringle  of  Smailholm.  By  his  first  wife,  Marion, 
he  had  gne  son^  David.  Afterwards  he  married  Margaret 
Lundie,  daughter  of  Thomas  Lundie  of  that  ilk.  The  lands 
at  Woodhouse  in  Peeblesshire,  and  Whytbank  and  Red- 
head in  Selkirkshire,  were  settled  qn  the  heirs  of  th^s  ^nar- 
riage;  in  consequence  of  which  their  son,  Jam^s  Pringle, 
took  up  that  succession,  and  was  first  of  the  house  of 
Whytbank.  David,  the  son  of  the  first  marriage,  pees 
Meceased  his  father,  having  been  slain  at  the  battle  of 
Flodden,  1513.  Four  sons^who  accompanied  him  are  sscid 
also  to  have  lost  their  lives  in  this  memorable  battle. 

James  Pringle  of  Woodhouse  and  Whytbank,  the  first  of 
that  family,  accompanied  his  sovereign,  James  V.,  to  the 
battle  of  Sol  way  Moss,  in  1542,  where  he  was  taken  prisoner. 


but  afterwards  was  liberated  on  payment  of  400  merks  ster- 
ling. He  married  Margaret  Kerr  of  Linton,  and  there  was 
a  family  of  four  sons  and  one  daughter.  He  was  succeeded 
by  his  eldest  son, 

James  Pringle  of  Woodhouse  and  Whytbank,  who  first 
of  all  married  Marion,  daughter  of  Murray  of  Black 
Barrony,  and  afterwards  Julian,  daughter  of  Sir  David 
Home  of  Wedderburn.  He  was  a  staunch  Royalist,  and 
attached  himself  to  the  cause  of  Queen  Mary,  for  which  he 
suffered  many  hardships  and  the  forfeiture  of  his  Peebles- 
shire estate.     His  son  James  pre- deceased  his  father. 

James  Pringle  of  Whytbank  succeeded  his  grandfather 
in  1622.  In  his  early  days  he  was  an  officer  of  the  Scotch 
Guards  in  France.  He  represented  the  county  of  Selkirk 
in  the  Scottish  Parliament  in  1633.  James  Pringle  was  a 
loyal  adherent  to  King  Charles  I.,  on  account  of  which  he 
was  heavily  fined  by  the  parliament  of  1646.  He  added 
the  lands  of  Yair  and  others  to  his  estate,  and,  on  the 
extinction  of  the  direct  line  of  the  Pringles  of  Galashiels 
and  Smailholm  in  1650,  he  became  the  male  representative 
of  that  ancient  family.  James  Pringle  married  a  Danish 
lady,  maid  of  honour  to  Ann  of  Denmark,  Queen  of  James 
VI.,  by  whom  he  had  an  only  son,  Alexander.  On  the 
occasion  of  her  marriage,  we  are  told  '*  Her  Majesty  pre- 
sented  her  with  her  portrait  enamelled  on  mother-of-pearl, 
and  set  with  small  rubies  and  emeralds,  suspended  by  a 
massy  gold  chain" — a  relic  still  preserved  in  the  family. 

Alexander  Pringle  of  Whythank  married  Anne,  daughter 
of  James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee;  and,  secondly,  Anne^ 
daughter  of  Murray  of  Philiphaugh.  He  had,  however,  no 
issue,  and  he  died  in  1695.  ^^^  °^^^  ^^^^  ^^^  John  Pringle 
of  Whytbank,  a  distant  cousin,  who  married  the  eldest 
daughter  of  Sir  Patrick  Scott  of  Ancrum,  by  whom  he  had 
one  son,  Alexander,  and  two  daughters.    John  Pringle,  at 

Note. — The  previous  owners  of  Yair  were  the  Kerrs.  In  the  nave  o£ 
Melrose  Abbey  the  progenitors  of  this  old  Border  family  rest,  with  this 
quaint  inscription — "  Hbir  Lyis  tbe  Race  op  ye  Hovs  of  Zair." 


the  age  of  twenty-five,  died  of  fever  in  the  year  1703,  and 
was  succeeded  by  his  only  son.  This  was  Alexander  Pringle 
of  Whytbank,  who  married  Susanna,  eldest  daughter  of 
Sir  John  Rutherfurd  of  Edgerston,  by  whom  he  had  a  large 
family,  consisting  of  four  sons  and  eight  daughters.  The 
pressure  of  a  numerous  family  and  other  burdens  compelled 
him  to  sell  his  estate  of  Yair  and  other  lands;  but  he  retained 
the  old  family  estate  of  Whytbank,  which  devolved  upon  his 
eldest  son  at  his  death  in  1772. 

John  Pringle  of  Whytbank  w^s  a  lieutenant  in  the  36tb 
regiment  of  Foot,  then  (1772)  serving  on  the  staflf  of 
General  Murray,  commander  of  the  forces  in  Canada.  His 
health  having  given  way,  from  the  exposure  and  fatigues 
of  active  military  service,  he  died  in  that  coimtry  in  1774^ 
and  was  succeeded  by  his  next  brother,  Alexander  Pringle. 
Alexander  was  in  the  civil  service  of  the  Madras  establish- 
ment, from  which  he  retired  in  1783.  His  previous  career 
is  noteworthy,  as  in  his  early  days  he  was  a  midshipman  in 
the  Royal  Navy,  and  served  on  board  H.M.S.  "Dublin,*' 
commanded  by  Captain  Edward  Gascoigne.  He  was 
engaged  at  the  siege  and  capture  of  the  '*  Havannah  "  in 
1762,  under  Sir  George  Pocock.  On  his  return  to  his  native 
country,  he  had  a  great  desire  to  repurchase  Yair  from  the 
Duke  of  Buccleuch,  to  whom  his  father  had  sold  it.  His 
Grace,  having  been  appealed  to  on  the  subject,  considerately 
offered  to  restore  the  estate;  and  Mr  Pringle  accordingly 
bought  it  back  again,  and  built  the  present  mansion  house. 
He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Dick,  Bart.,  of 
Prestonfield,  by  whom  he  had  five  sons  and  six  daughters. 
Mr  Pringle  commanded  the  Selkirkshire,  volimteers^  until 
they  were  disbanded  at  the  peace  of  Amiens  on  the  27tb 
March,  1802. 

The  same  year  he  was  appointed  vice  -  lieutenant  of 
Selkirkshire,  on  the  establishment  of  that  office  by  Act  of 
Parliament.      He  and  his   sons    were    intimate    with    Sir 

1  Mr  Pringle  must  have  assumed  command  of  the  volunteers  after  1797, 
as  his  name  does  not  appear  in  the  official  list  of  that  year. 


Walter  Scott,  who  came  to  reside  at  Ashiestiel  in  1804, 
and  Sir  Walter  refers  to  them  in  the  introduction  to  canto 
ii.  in  Marmion.  Mr  Pringle,  in  181 2,  was  appointed  to 
the  patent  office  of  Chamberlain  of  Ettrick  Forest.  He 
died  in  1827. 

Alexander  Pringle  of  Whytbank  and  Yair,  T.P.,  D.L.,  Alexander 

Prinffle  of 

M.P.,  who  succeeded  his  father,  was  born  on  the  30th  whytbank, 
January,  1791 ;  studied  at  Trinity  College,  Cambridge,  and  ^•^' 
was  admitted  an  advocate  at  the  Scottish  bar  in  1814.  In 
July  of  the  following  year,  with  Scott  of  Gala,  he  accom- 
panied Sir  Walter  Scott  to  the  field  of  Waterloo.^  He 
continued  to  practise  as  an  advocate  till  1830,  when  at  the 
general  election  which  followed  the  death  of  George  IV., 
he  was  elected  M.P.  for  his  native  county.  After  the  dis- 
solution in  183 1,  he  was  re-elected.  Mr  Pringle  was  unani- 
mously admitted  a  member  of  the  Jedforest  Club  on  the 
30th  September,  1835.  At  the  general  election  after  the 
passing  of  the  Reform  Act,  in  1833,  he  was  defeated  by 
Pringle  of  Clifton,  by  a  majority  of  nine.  Re-elected  in 
1835,  by  a  large  majority,  he  again  sat  for  the  county  of  Sel- 
kirk, and  also  in  1841.  In  the  latter  year,  he  was  appointed 
one  of  the  Lords  of  the  Treasury,  in  the  ministry  of  Sir 
Robert  Peel,  and  also  a  member  of  the  Revenue  Inquiry 
Commission.  In  July,  1845,  he  resigned  office,  as  he  could 
not  give  his  support  to  the  ministerial  measure  for  increas- 
ing the  endowment  of  the  Roman  Catholic  College  of  May- 
nooth.  In  January,  1846,  he  was  appointed  principal 
keeper  of  the  General  Register  of  Sasines  in  Scotland. 
Mr  Pringle  was  appointed  vice-lieutenant  of  the  county  of 
Selkirk  in  1830. 

He  married  his  cousin,  Agnes  Joanna,  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Dick,  Bart.,  of  Prestonfield,  by  whom  he  had 
one  son,  the  late  owner  of  Whytbank  and  Yair. 

Mr  Alexander  Pringle  died  on  the  2nd  September,  1857. 

^  Vidi  Memoir  of  Bruce  of  Langlee. 



The  Pringles  of  Torwoodlee  are  descended  from  William 
Pringle  of  Smailholm,  who  had  a  tack  of  Caddonlee  in 
1488,  and  one  of  Torwoodlee,  in  1509.  He  was  killed  at 
Flodden  in  151 3. 

George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  eldest  son  of  the  above, 
was  born  in  1505 ;  he  married  Margaret  Crighton  of  Cran- 
ston Riddell.  In  1568,  John  Elliot  of  Copshaw,  with  a 
party  of  300  Liddesdale  reivers,  attacked,  burnt,  and 
pillaged  the  house  of  Torwoodlee,  and  murdered  the  laird. 

William  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  who  married,  in  1571, 
Agnes  Heriot  of  Trabrown;  died  in  1581,  and  was  suc- 
ceeded by  his  son. 

Next  comes  George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee.  In  1607, 
he  took  steps  to  avenge  the  death  of  his  grandfather,  and 
summoned  the  murderers  to  take  their  trial  for  the  crime. 
They  did  not  appear,  and  were  outlawed.*  He  married 
twice;  by  his  first  wife,  he  had  a  large  family.  He  was 
M.P.  for  the  county  of  Selkirk  from  1617  to  1621.  He 
died  about  the  year  1637. 

James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  son  of  the  preceding, 
married  Jean,  daughter  of  Sir  Richard  Cockburn  of  Clerk- 
ington,  in  1610.  He  subsequently  married  Janet,  daughter 
of  Sir  Lewis  Craig  of  Riccarton,  by  whom  he  had  a  son, 
George,  who  succeeded  him.     James  Pringle  died  in  1657. 

George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee  married,  in  1654,  Janet 
Brodie,  and  had  issue,  one  son,  James.  George  was  a  man 
of  strong  convictions  and  great  strength  of  character,  and 
his  attachment  to  the  Presbyterian  form  of  worship  exposed 
him  to  much  persecution  and  suffering.  When  the  Earl  of 
Argyle  escaped  from  Edinburgh  Castle,  after  being  sen- 
tenced to  death,  he  made  straight  for  the  house  of  Torwood- 
lee, on  the  night  of  the  20th  December,  1681,  and  was 
conducted  thither  by  Rev.  John  Scott,  minister  of  Hawick. 
Mr  Pringle  gave  him  shelter,  and  sent  a  servant  with  him 

^  Vide  Pitcairn's  Criminal  Trials. 


to  the  house  of  Mr  William  Veitch,  who  conveyed  him  safely 
across  the  Border.  It  soon  became  known  that  Argyle  had 
found  refuge  with  the  Laird  of  Torwoodlee,  who,  for  two 
years  afterwards,  had  to  live  in  concealment. 

In  1683  ^  warrant  was  issued  against  him  on  a  charge 
of  being  implicated  in  the  Rye  House  plot.  He  and  Sir 
Patrick  Hume  of  Polwarth  made  their  escape  to  Holland. 
His  estates  were  confiscated,  and  bestowed  upon  General 
Drummond  of  Cromlix. 

When  the  revolution  took  place,  Mr  Pringle  at  once  re- 
turned to  Scotland,  and  was  a  member  of  the  convention 
which  conferred  the  Crown  on  William  and  Mary.  By  a 
special  Act  of  Parliament  his  estates  were  restored  to  him. 
He  died  in  1689. 

James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  who  had  suffered  at  the  same 
time  as  his  father,  and  had  been  confined  both  in  Edinburgh 
and  in  the  castle  of  Blackness  when  quite  a  lad,  married,  in 
1690,  Isobel  Hall  of  Dunglas.  There  was  one  child  of  the 
marriage,  George. 

George  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  who  was  an  advocate,  died 
unmarried  in  1780,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  nephew,  James, 
son  of  his  younger  brother,  James  Pringle  of  Bowland, 
writer  to  the  signet,  and  one  of  the  principal  clerks  of 
session.  It  was  he  who,  in  1722,  purchased  Bowland.  He 
died  two  years  before  his  elder  brother,  in  1778. 

James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  son  of  James  Pringle  of 
Bowland,  married,  in  1782,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Colonel 
Tod  of  Drygrange,  by  whom  he  had  four  sons  and  one 
daughter.  He  sold  Bowland  to  the  Walkers,  and  bought  the 
farms  of  Buckholm  and  Williamlaw  in  Roxburghshire.  Mr 
Pringle  was  educated  at  Cambridge  and  Leyden,  and  studied 
for  the  bar,  but  he  never  practised.  When  he  succeeded  to 
Tbrwoodlee,  on  the  death  of  his  uncle,  he  devoted  himself 
entirely  to  the  management  of  his  estate.  Mr  Pringle  was 
convener  of  the  county  of  Selkirk,  and  commanded  the 
Selkirkshire  yeomanry  cavalry  from  the  time  it  was  raised, 



James  T. 
Pringle  of 

D.  Pringle  of 



in  1797 ;  he  was  also  vice-lieutenant  of  the  county.     He  died 
in  1840,  and  his  son  succeeded  him. 

Rear- Admiral  James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  bom  in  1783, 
entered  the  navy  as  a  first-class  volunteer  in  May^  i797*  As 
captain  of  the  **  Sparrowhawk,"  he  captured  three  French 
privateers  off  Cherbourg  and  Malaga.  In  1812,  when  ac- 
tively employed  on  the  coast  of  Valencia,  he  was  taken 
prisoner  by  a  party  of  the  enemy's  dragoons.  He  attained 
post  rank  on  the  ist  June,  1812,  and  accepted  the  retired 
rank  of  rear-admiral  on  the  ist  October,  1846,  and  died 
in  1859. 

Jambs  ThoMAS  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  eldest  son  of  the 
admiral,  was  born  on  the  29th  February,  1832.  He  entered 
the  Royal  Navy  in  May,  1846,  and  served  with  Admirals  Sir 
Francis  Collier  and  Sir  Charles  Napier.  He  was  engaged  in 
the  Burmese  war  (185 1-2),  and  received  the  Indian  general 
service  medal,  with  clasp  for  Pegu.  Mr  Pringle  (then  a 
lieutenant)  was  also  present  with  the  Baltic  fleet,  for  which 
service  he  was  decorated  with  the  Baltic  medal.  In  1862  he 
married  Ann  Parminter,  only  daughter  of  Lieut. -Colonel 
James  Lewis  Black,  53rd  Foot,^  and  has  a  large  family. 
Captain  Pringle  retired  with  the  rank  of  commander.  He  is 
a  J. P.  for  the  counties  of  Selkirk  and  Roxburgh,  and  deputy- 
lieutenant  for  the  former  county.  For  a  good  many  years  he 
has  resided  with  his  family  in  Dresden,  but  now  he  has 
returned  to  Torwoodlee.  Captain  Pringle  joined  the  Jed- 
forest  Club  on  the  23rd  July,  1872. 

David  Pringle  of  Wilton  Lodge,  son  of  Alexander  Pringle 
of  Whytbank  and  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Dick  of 

^  Lieutenant  John  Lewis  Black  was  junior  lieutenant  in  the  ist  or  Royal 
Scots  regiment  at  the  battles  of  Quatre  Bras  and  Waterloo,  where  he  was 
wounded,  He  previously  served  in  the  49th  Foot,  and  was  brought  in 
from  the  half-pay  list  in  February,  1815.  He  became  major  of  the  53rd 
Foot  in  1844 '  served  in  the  Sutlej  campaign  with  that  regiment ;  and  was 
engaged  at  the  battles  of  Buddiwal.  Aliwal,  and  Sobraon.  He  received 
the  Waterloo  and  Sntlej  medals.     Vide  Dalton's  Waterloo  Roll-Call. 


Prestonfield,  his  wife,  the  youngest  of  eleven  children,  was 
born  at  Yair  in  1806.  He  was  first  educated  at  Selkirk,  he 
and  his  brothers  riding  the  distance  daily  on  their  ponies 
from  Yair.  He  was  afterwards  sent  to  the  grammar  school 
at  Durham,  and  thence  went  to  Haileybury,  where  he  dis- 
tinguished himself  by  gaining  the  gold  medal.  He  sailed  for 
Calcutta  in  1825,  on  board  the  ill-fated  East  Indiaman  *'The 
Kent,"  which  had  on  board  the  headquarters  of  the  31st  Foot, 
A  graphic  description  of  the  burning  vessel  and  the  sub- 
sequent rescue  of  the  crew  and  passengers  is  given  in  a  letter 
from  David  Pringle  to  his  father. 

Extracts  from  the  letter  are  as  follows : — 

"  On  the  mdming  of  the  ist  of  March  it  blew  a  severe  gale  from  the 
W.S.W.,  which  had  been  gradually  increasing  since  three  o'clock.  We 
were  then  about  400  miles  from  land,  From  so  great  a  number  of  soldiers 
being  on  board,  an  unusual  quantity  of  spirits  had  been  shipped,  and  the 
spirit  room  being  unable  to  contain  it,  some  puncheons  had  been  placed 
in  the  after-hold.  One  of  the  casks  having  been  shaken  from  its  place,  the 
third  mate,  who  had  charge  of  the  lower  decks,  went  down  to  fix  it.  For 
this  purpose  he  called  for  some  wood,  but,  while  he  was  waiting  for  it,  a 
sudden  lurch  of  the  vessel  threw  the  lanthom  (which  he  had  in  his  hand) 
between  two  casks,  the  hoops  of  one  of  which  were  loose.  This  allowed 
a  drop  of  spirits  to  reach  the  light,  and  the  whole  cask  was  immediately 
in  flames ;  this  was  the  origin  of  the  disastrous  events  that  followed.  As 
the  ship,  from  its  blowing  so  hard,  had  been  rolling  very  much  all  the 
morning,  I  had  not  risen  from  my  cot  when  the  alarm  was  given.  But. 
of  course.  I  immediately  did  so,  and  the  scene  which  presented  itself  was 
truly  awful  I  The  soldiers,  who  had  remained  below  during  the  morning 
that  they  might  not  be  in  the  way,  now  flocked  upon  deck,  and  rendered 
every  possible  assistance,  in  handing  up  water,  displaying  the  most  perfect 
coolness,  and  performing,  with  the  greatest  r^^larity,  every  command 
of  their  officers.  Captain  Cobb  evinced  the  utmost  coolness  in  giving 
his  orders.  Colonel  Fearon  and  Major  M'Gregor,  also,  were  unre- 
mitting in  their  exertions  to  make  the  soldiers  as  useful  as  possible; 
but  a  very  small  portion  of  them  could,  comparatively  speaking,  be 
employed ;  and  those  who  were  not  so,  sat  with  the  utmost  apparent 
resignation  on  the  fore  part  of  the  ship,  expecting  thus  to  have  the 
easier  death  of  being  blown  up  with  the  magazine,  which  was  immediately 
below  them.  Great,  however,  as  the  exertions  made  by  every  one  were, 
the  fire  still  gained  ground. 

I  shall  not  attempt  to  describe  the  agonising  scene  which  now  presents 
itself  in  the  after  cabins,  where  a  considerable  number  of  the  women 
and  children  had  assembled  Great  was  the  state  of  helplessness  in 
which  Providence  left  us  that  He  might  the  mora  fully  lead  ns  to  feel 



our  dependence  upon  Him,  when  the  cry  of  "a  sail,"  given  from  the 
mast  head — though  it  could  not  be  perceived  in  what  direction  the 
vessel  was  bearing — ^raised  that  hope  of  life  which  even  to  the  last  we 
are  led  to  cherish.  I  confess,  under  such  an  accumulation  of  adverse 
circumstances,  I  had  never  for  a  moment  indulged  it,  and,  even  now, 
my  expectations  were  in  no  degree  raised.  In  a  short  time,  however, 
the  vessel  was  distinctly  descried  to  be  bearing  towards  us.  On  seeing 
the  sail  we  immediately  fired  our  guns  of  distress  and  hoisted  our 
Union  Jack,  and  we  had  every  reason  to  hope  that  both  were  remarked. 
The  captain  now  gave  orders  for  letting  down  the  boats,  and  it  was  at 
once  determined  that  the  women  and  children  should  be  the  first  to 
embark  in  them,  though,  from  the  state  of  the  sea,  it  was,  in  all 
probability  only  consigning  them  to  a  more  immediate  death.  The  first 
boat  that  was  lowered  contained  a